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Full text of "The Stirlings of Keir, and their family papers. [With plates, including portraits and facsimiles.]"

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PREFATORY NOTE. 



Tliis Volume is printed in order to secure the preservation of 
the Documents and other Memorials which it contains. The im- 
pression, which is private, consists of one hundred and fifty copies. 
It is intended for presentation to members of the family of which 
the book treats, to a few friends curious in local history, and to 

some of our national libraries. 

WILLIAM STIRLING. 

Kkir, September 6, 185S. 



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IV 



CONTENTS. 



Prefatory Note 

Table of Chapters, Branches, &c 
List of Illustrations . 
Editor's Preface .... 
Abstract of Charters . 
Abstract of Letters 



PAGE 
III 

IV 

VI 

IX 

XVII 

LXII 



Introduction — Origin of the Stiulings 1 

CHAPTER I. — The early Generations of the Stirlings, from Walter de 

Striueling in 1130, to William de Striueling who died in 1393 3 

I. Walter de Striuelyng, 1130-1160 3 

II. Peter de Striuelyng of Cambusbarron, 1 150-1180 .' 4 

III. Sir Alexander de Striueling of Cawder, 1180-1245 6 

IV. John de Striueling of Ochiltree, 1241-1270 7 

1. Sir Alexander de Striueling of Cawder, Knight, 1272-1300 8 

2. John de Striveling, 1300-1333 9 

3. Sir John of Strivelyne of Cawder and Regorton, 1333-1408 9 

4. William of Strivetyne of Cawder and Regorton, 1408-1432 9 

5. Sir William Striveling of Cawder and Regorton, 1432-1487 ... 10 

6. William Striveling of Cawder, 1487-1505 11 

7. William Striveling of Cawder, 1505-1517 12 

8. Andrew Striveling of Cawder, 1517-1522 12 

9. Janet Striveling, Heiress of Cawder, 1522 13 

V. Sir William de Striveling, Knight, 1270-1295 13 

VI. John de Striweline of Rathoran in Lome, 1295-1339 15 

VII. William of Strivelyn of Rathoran, 1339-1393 15 

CHAPTER II. — From Lukas of Strivelyng, the first of Keir, to Sir James 
Striveling, who Married the Heiress of Cawder in 1534, and thus 

RE-UNITED THE FAMILIES OF KeIK AND CaWDER, 1370-1588 16 

VIII. Lukas of Striveling, the first of Keir, 1370-1449 16 

IX. Sir William of Striveline of Ratherne and Keir, Knight, 1420-1471 19 



TABLE OF CHAPTERS, BRANCHES, &c, CONTINUED. V 

Page 

X. Sir William of Sniveling of Kere, Knight, 1471-1503 22 

XL Sir John Sniveling of Keir, Knight, 1503-1539 29 

XII. Sir James Striveling of Keir and Cawder, Knight, 1539-1588 35 

XIII. John Stirling of Bankeir, 1535-1597 41 

CHAPTER III. — From Sir Archibald Stirling, Son of Sir James, to James 

Stirling of Keir, 1588-1715 45 

XIII. Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir and Cawder, Knight, 1588-1630 45 

XIV. Sir James Stirling, Fiar of Keir, Knight 47 

XV. Sir George Stirling of Keir and Cawder, Knight, 1630-1667 48 

XIV. Sir John Stirling of Garden, Knight, 1595-1643 58 

XV. Sir Archibald Stirling of Garden, Knight (Lord Garden), 1617-1668 ... 62 

XVI. Sir John Stirling of Keir and Cawder, Knight, 1668-1684 66 

XVII. 1. John Stirling of Keir and Cawder, 1684-1693 69 

XVII.2. James Stirling of Keir and Cawder, 1693-1715 69 

CHAPTER IV. — From John Stirling, Son of James, to William Stirling, 

now of Keir and Cawder, 1728-1857 74 

XVIII. 1. John Stirling of Keir and Cawder, 1728-1757 74 

XVIII. 2. Archibald Stirling of Keir and Cawder, 1757-1783 75 

XVIII. 3. William Stirling of Keir and Cawder, 1783-1793 77 

XIX. 1. James Stirling of Keir and Cawder, 1793-1831 80 

XIX. 2. Archibald Stirling of Keir and Cawder, 1831-1847 81 

XX. William Stirling, now of Keir and Cawder 82 

Branches of the Family of Stirling. 

1. The Stirlings of Garden 83 

James Stirling the Mathematician 91 

2. The Stirlings of Kijipendavie 103 

3. The Stirlings of Ardoch 115 

4. The Stirlings of Craigbarnet 127 

5. The Stirlings of Glorat 137 

6. The Stirlings of Law 152 

Sir Robert Sterling — 1649 159 

7. The Stirlings of Ballagan 165 

8. The Stirlings of Auchyll 169 

9. The Stirlings of Herbertshire 175 

10. The Stirlings of Drumpellier 178 

11. The Stirlings of Faskine 183 

b 



VI TABLE OF CHARTERS. BRANCHES, &c, CONTINUED. 

Page 

12. The Starlings of Mansfield 185 

13. The Starlings of Glenesk 188 

14. The Stirlings of Easter Braiky 190 

15. The Stirlings of Tulyduvy 194 

16. Notices of Sir John de Striveling — 1342-70 195 

Charters, Letters, &c. 

Charters, &c. (see Abstract, p. xvii) 197 

Letters (see Abstract, p. lxii) , 479 

Verses by Lord Gray, &c 546 

Examples of Sixty- four various modes of spelling the Surname of Stirling 548 

Catalogue of Portraits of the Stirlings of Keir, &c 549 

Seals of the Stirlings (see Illustrations below) 556 

Fae-Simile Signatures (see Illustrations, p. vii.) 558 

Portraits (see Illustrations, p. viii.) 571 

Index 599 



Title page, the design slightly altered from 
that of a Doorway at Toledo. Drawn 
by John Leighton, junior (Luke Lim- 
ner), lithographed by F. G. Netherclift. 

Lithographed Armorial Bearings of 
The Stirlings of Keir {back of Title-page) 

— Keir and Cawder and of 

that Ilk, from Lindsay 
and Pont's Heraldic MS. 12 

Garden 90 

Kippendavie 114 

Ardoch 126 

Craigbarnet 136 

— Glorat 151 

Law and Bdenbarnet ... 158 

Auchyll 174 

Herbertshire 177 

Drumpellier 182 

Faskine 184 

Mansfield 187 

Arms of Sir Robert Sterling, Governor of 

Cork, 1649 1G4 

The above were drawn by Joseph Eedes, 

and lithographed by F. G. Netherclift. 

Armorial Stone at Wright's Houses, near 

Edinburgh 44 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 

Page 



Woodcut Seals of Arms, Sc. of 

Thomas Bishop, 1541 x 

John de Striueling, 1292 7 

William Striveling of Cawder, 1492 II 

William Striveline, 1292 14 

Jehan Striveline, 1292 14 

Lukas Strivelyng, first of Keir, 1448 17 

Sir John Striveling of Keir, 1502 29 

Sir James Striveling of Keir, 1551-1579 ...36, 43 

Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir, 1607 47 

Sir Archibald Stirling (Lord Garden), 1661, 63 

James Stirling of Keir, 1700 74 

John Stirling of Keir, 1747 75 

Archibald Stirling of Keir, c. 1750 75 

Charles Stirling, 1800 77 

James Stirling of Keir, 1800 80 

Archibald Stirling of Keir, 1S40 81 

William Stirling, now of Keir 82 

Sir Henry Stirling of Ardoch, 1666 119 

George Stirling younger of Craigbarnard, 

1502 129 

Walter Stirling of Ballagane, 1535 168 

William Stirling of Herbertshire, 1740 ... 176 

James V., 1526 327 

Oliver Cromwell, 1653 461 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



VU 



Page 
James, first Marquis of Montrose, 1647 . . . 486 
Collected Seals of the Stirlings of Keir, &c. 

with letterpress descriptions 556,557 

N.B. — All the Seals -which occur in the 
text are included here, with four addi- 
tional Seals of — 
Robert Stirling of Bawglass in 1500, 
Sir James Stirling in 1541 and 1570; and 
George Stirling, 1672. 

(Nos. 6. 9. 11 & 17, p. 556.) 

Woodcut Fac-Simile Signatures of the 
Stirlings and Others. 



Thomas Bishop, 1541 

William Stirling of Herbertshire, 1740 ... 

Andrew Stirling of Law, &c, 1564 

Patrick Lord Graham, 1442 

James II., 1449 

John Styrling of Cragbernard, 1502 

Robert (Blacader), Archbishop of Glas- 
gow, 1505 

Matthew Earl of Lennox, 1503 

Alexander Lord Hume, 1510 

John Earl of Lennox, 1514 

James (Bethune), Archbishop of Glasgow, 
1522 

Gavin (Dunbar), Archbishop of Glasgow, 
1524 

James V., 1526 

Archibald Earl of Angus — Mathew Earl 
of Levenax — Archibald Earl of Ergyle 
— James, Archbishop of St. Andrews 
— James, Bishop of Dunblane, 1526... 

Sir James Hamilton of Fymiart, 1527 

Alexander (Stewart), Bishop of Murray, 
1531 

Matthew Earl of Lennox, 1532 

William Stirling of Glorat, 1532 

James V., 1535 

Alexander Master of Home, 1541 

George Lord Home, 1541 

James Foulis of Colinton, 1541 

Abraham Crechtoun, Provost of Dunglas, 
1541 

John Earl of Menteith, 1544 

Robert Stewart, Bishop of Caithness, 1544 

James, Earl of Arrane, 1547 

William Chisholme, Bishop of Dunblane, 
1551 

John Bellenden of Auchnoule, Justice- 
Clerk, 1553 



x 
176 
153 

217 
225 
276 

282 
286 
296 
302 

320 

321 

327 



327 
330 

33G 
344 
344 
345 

367 
367 
367 

367 
382 
383 
396 

404 

408 



Page 

Mathew Earl of Lennox, 1570 420 

Oliver Cromwell, 1653 461 

General George Monck, 1656 464 

James Duke of Buccleugh, 1679 471 

Jane Chisholme, Lady Kyr, 1550 479 

Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir, 1602 480 

Grissel Ross, Lady Keir, 1612 481 

Sir Thomas Hamilton, 1613 481 

General Thomas Dalzell of Binns, 1643, ... 483 

Alexander Earl of Leven, 1646 484 

Sir Archibald Stirling of Garden, 1647 ••■ 485 

John Lord Erskine, 1647 486 

The Rev. Dr. George Wishart, 1640 483 

John Earl of Mar, 1650 488 

Archibald Marquis of Argyle, 1651 489 

Alexander, sixth Earl of Eglinton, 1651 ... 490 

James Earl of Callander, 1652 491 

Jean Hay, Countess of Mar, 1652 492 

John Earl of Wigtonne, 1654 493 

John, ninth Earl of Cassillis, 1656 494 

William, ninth Earl of Glencairn, 1656 ... 485 

James, second Marquis of Montrose, 1662, 497 

George, fourth Earl of Winton, 1664 ... 500 

Archibald, ninth Earl of Argyle, 1664 ... 502 

John, ninth Earl of Mar, 1666 504 

Robert Leighton, Bishop of Dunblane, 

(1666?) 504 

Alexander, Earl of Linlithgow, 1673 506 

Lord Almond, 1674 507 

John, sixth Earl of Rothes, 1677 511 

William, last Earl of Menteith, 1678 515 

William, first Earl of Dundonald, 1679 ... 516 

Alexander, second Earl of Callander, 1679, 516 

Arthur Ross, Archbishop of Glasgow, 1680, 517 

James, third Marquis of Montrose, 1681 ... 518 

James Stirling of Keir, 1708 528 

Alexander Rose, Bishop of Edinburgh, 

1714 531 

James Stirling (the Venetian), 1735 536 

John Stirling of Keir, 1748-9 541 

George, sixth Lord Elibank, 1757 544 

Francis, fifth Lord Napier, 1757 545 

John, twelfth Lord Gray, 1757 545 

Collected Signatures of the Stirlings and 

others, from Keir Charters, Letters, &c. 

with letterpress descriptions on each 

page 558-569 

JV.B. — All the above, excepting Thomas 
Bishop, are included in this Collec- 
tion, with the addition of the follow- 
ing names — ■ 



vm 



ILLUSTRATIONS. 



Page 

... 560 

... 5C0 

... 500 

... 560 

... 561 

Elizabeth Stirling, Lady Merchiston, 1507, 561 

Margaret Napier, Lady Keir, 1645 561 

Anna Home, wife of Sir John Stirling, 

younger of Keir, 1606 501 

Lilias Colquhoun, wife of Sir John Stirling 

of Keir, 1675 561 



Sir John Stirling of Keir, 1532 .. 
Sir James Stirling of Keir, 1541 . . 
Sir James Stirling of Keir, 1606 . . 
Sir George Stirling of Keir, 1004 
Janet Stirling, Lady Cawder, 1541 



Boman Stone, Cawder House 



570 



Pac-Similes or Charters and Letters. 



Charter, No. 1. 




between 190 and 197 


2. 






»j 


198 „ 199 


17. 






» 


212 „ 213 


24. 






» 


220 „ 221 


Letter, No. 237. 






„ 


480 „ 481 


241. 






S) 


484 „ 485 


243. 


Views 


OP 


S3 


486 „ 487 



Kenmure and Cawder Houses, 1858. From 

drawings by C. Woolnoth, between 78 & 79 

Keir ; East and South Fronts, 1837. From 
a drawing by M. Burns. 

Keir ; East and South Fronts, 1858. Drawn 
by Wm. Walton, and lithographed by 
M. & N. Hanhart from a photograph 
by J. Eadie. 

Keir ; from the West, 1858. From a photo- 
graph by J. Eadie. 

Keir; Entrance, 1858. From a photograph 
by J. Eadie. 

Keir ; Library, 1858. From a drawing by 
R. Frier. 

Lecropt Old Church Yard, with Tower of 
the present Church, 1858. From a 
drawing by R. Frier. 

Keir Vault, Lecropt Church. From a 
drawing by R. Frier. 

Two Memorial Crosses in the Old Church 
Yard. From a photograph. 

Between pages 82 and 83. 



Page 



Portraits of 



John Napier of Merchiston Facing 42 

From the original picture in the pos- 
session of Lord Napier, engraved by 
W. Geikie. 

Elisabeth Stirling Facing 43 

Etched by W. Geikie from the original 
picture formerly in the possession of 
Lord Napier, but now lost. 

Sir George Stirling of Keir Facing 48 

Margaret Napier Facing 49 

These two were engraved by R. C. Bell 
from the originals at Keir, in 1848. 
Ornamental Title Portraits. 

John Napier of Merchiston 572 

Elizabeth Stirling his wife 573 

Sir George Stirling of Keir 574 

The Hon. Margaret Napier his second wife 575 

Major John Stirling 576 

Sir John Stirling of Keir 577 

Lady Margaret Livingston his first wife ... 578 
Lilias Colquhoun his second wife, and her 

grand-daughter Lilias Stirling 579 

Elizabeth Stirling, fourth daughter of Sir 

Archibald Stirling of Keir 580 

Archibald Stirling of Garden 581 

James Stirling of Keir 582 

The Hon. Marion Stuart his wife 583 

Lilias Stirling, their daughter 584 

John Stirling of Keir 585 

Archibald Stirling of Keir 586 

Margaret Erskine his first wife 587 

Anne Hay his second wife 588 

Margaret Stirling, Lady Hamilton of Rose- 
hall 589 

James Stirling of Keir 590 

Robert Stirling 591 

Marion Stirling 592 

Jane Stirling 593 

Charles Stirling 594 

Christian Erskine his widow 595 

Elizabeth Maxwell, wife of Archibald Stir- 
ling of Keir 596 

Hannah Ann Stirling 597 

Helen Stirling 598 

All lithographed from the original pic- 
tures at Keir, by Messrs. Schenck & 
Macfarlane, Edinburgh, 1858. 



IX 



EDITOR'S PREFACE. 



In examining the charter-chests of Scottish families, Antiquaries have fre- 
quently had to regret the loss of ancient muniments by fire. The Stirling's 
of Keir, like too many others, suffered from this cause at an early period. 
During the war between King James III. and his son the Prince of Scot- 
land, in the year 1488, Sir William Stirling, Knight of Keir, joined the 
Prince and his party ; and on one occasion, the Prince having taken shelter 
in the tower of the Keir, the King besieged it, succeeded in driving out 
the Prince, and burned the tower to the ground. The family charters were 
burned at the same time, as appears from a grant by King James IV. soon 
after his succession to the throne, in favour of his adherent, Sir William 
Stirling, which, though it supplied the loss of the writs, and gave him a 
good feudal title to the barony of Keir, does not furnish the information 
which would have been afforded by the earlier family muniments. 

The Stirling family have continued in possession of the barony of Keir 
ever since, and have also acquired many other properties, each acquisition 
bringing with it the usual feudal progress of title-deeds, including those 
of their earliest inheritance of Cawder ; there is thus in the united rejsosi- 
tories of Keir and Cawder, a well stored charter-chest, from which this 
collection is chiefly compiled. 

The present volume has been arranged in four divisions : The first 
contains an account of the Stirrings of Keir and Cawder : The second, an 
account of the Branches of the Stirling family, and of several families con- 
nected with the Stirlings, at least by name : The third contains the Charters 
and other Family Papers ; and the fourth, the Letters. 



PREFACE. 



THE 
STIRLING 
FAMILY. 



All account of the origin of the Stirlings, and of each successive genera- 
tion, heing fully given in the first division of this volume, it is unnecessary 
here to enter upon their general history : a few of the more remarkable in- 
cidents connected with the family may be glanced at. The Stirlings first 
appear as owners of land in the twelfth century. After possessing lands 
in different counties, they acquired, in the reign of William the Lion, the 
estate of Cawder, which has continued in the family, without interruption, 
to the present time — a period of nearly seven centuries. Few families can 
boast of an inheritance which has descended through so long a line of an- 
cestors. 

After continuing for ten generations in the direct male fine, the Cawder 
estate, in the sixteenth century, descended to an heiress, who married her 
kinsman, Sir James Stirling of Keir ; and thus the Cawder and Keir 
families became united ; the two estates have ever since been held by the 
same proprietor. Not the least interesting part of the following narrative, 
is the story of the ill-fated heiress of Cawder. 1 

Keir was first acquired by the Stirling family in the year 1448. Lukas 
Stirling, who had previously possessed lands in Fife and Strathern, pur- 
chased Keir from George Leslie of that ilk, ancestor of the Earls of Kothes. 
Sir William, the grandson of Lukas, got Ken erected into a barony by 
King James III. who afterwards burned the tower. Sir William has been 
accused of being a party to the assassination of James III. at the battle of 



1 While these sheets were passing through the 
press, the Editor found at Tynninghame, a precept 
granted at Edinhurgh on 23d March 1541, hy Janet 
Stirling and her second hushand, Thomas Bishop, 



to which the seals of both husbands are appended. 
This seal of Sir James Stirling will be found on 
the sheet of family seals. The seal and signature 
of Thomas Bishop are as under: 





PREFACE. XI 

Sauchieburn, but without sufficient evidence, as is fully explained in the 
narrative. 

Sir John, the fourth Laird of Keir, added greatly to the family estates 
between the years 1517 and 1535. He took a prominent part in the public 
events of his time, and held the office of Sheriff of Perth in 1516. After 
the death of King James IV. at Flodden, the custody of the young King's 
person was committed to him. He was forfeited for appearing at the battle 
of Linlithgow against the King's authority in 1526, but was restored in the 
following year. He founded a chaplainry in the Cathedral church of Dun- 
blane in 1509. Sir John's adventure with Squire Meldrum was less in keep- 
ing with the spirit of this pious foundation than with the lawless character 
of the age, which is farther shown in the subsequent cruel slaughter of the 
knight himself. 

His son, Sir James, was the husband of the heiress of Cawder. He 
divorced his wife, but retained her estate, and thus added considerably to 
the wealth of the family. He was appointed by King James VI. one of 
the judges who tried Morton for the rnurder of Darnley, and pronounced 
sentence of death on the Eegent. 

Sir George Stirling, great grandson of Sir James, was intimately con- 
nected with his kinsman, the first Marquis of Montrose, and was prosecuted, 
in 1641, by the Committee of Estates, as one of the ' Plotters.' Sir George 
was with Montrose at the rout of Philiphaugh, the only occasion on which 
this quiet knight was found associated in arms with his great cavalier chief. 
After the death of Sir George without surviving issue, the estates of Keir 
and Cawder were inherited by his cousin Archibald Stirling, Lord Garden, 
a Lord of Session of some distinction in the reign of Charles II. 

James Stirling, grandson of Lord Garden, was a keen Jacobite, and 
was tried for an alleged conspiracy in favour of the Stuart family in 1708, 
but acquitted. In the Tales of a Grandfather, vol. ii. p. 208, Sir Walter 
Scott has preserved the following anecdote in regard to his trial — ' The 
' Laird of Keir was riding joyfully home, with his butler in attendance, 
' who had been one of the evidence produced against him on the trial, 
' but who had, upon examination, forgot every word concerning the matter 
' which could possibly prejudice his master. Keir could not help express- 



Xll 



PREFACE. 



ing some surprise to the man at the extraordinary shortness of memory 
which he had shown on particular questions being put to him. ' I un- 
' derstand what your honour means very well/ said the domestic coolly ; 
' but my mind was made up, rather to trust my own soul to the mercy 
' of Heaven than your honour's body to the tender compassion of the 
'whigs!" James Stirling was forfeited in 1715, and deprived of his 
estates, which were afterwards acquired by his friends, and restored to his 
son, from whom they have descended to the present representative of the 
family. 

In the course of the long descent of the Keir and Cawder families, there 
have been no less than fourteen knights, ten of whom were in immediate suc- 
cession to each other. The honour of knighthood, though purely personal, 
has thus the appearance of having been hereditary for many generations in 
the Keir family. Several branches of the Stirlings, such as Ardoch, Glorat, 
and others, attained the hereditary rank of Baronet for special services ; but 
the representatives of the main line have continued untitled, as they began, 
barons of Cawder and Keir. 1 



THE 
BRANCHES 



The second division of this volume is the account of the different 
Branches. From these have sprung several remarkable men, such as James 
Stirling the mathematician, of whom little was known to previous writers, 
except his works; 2 Sir John Stirling of Craigbarnard, comptroller to King 
James IV. ; William and George Stirling of Glorat, both captains of Dum- 
barton Castle ; the latter gallantly defended this fortress for Queen Mary ; 
Sir Bobert Sterling, governor of Cork under Charles I. ; the late Edward 



1 A part of the account of the Keir family was 
prepared by John Dundas, Esquire, C. S., who, 
amidst numerous professional claims on his time, 
found leisure to interest himself in tracing the 
descent of a house with which his own family 
has long been connected. Other portions of this 
volume have also been enriched, by the kind- 
ness of Mr. Dundas, in obtaining charters from 
the owners. Cosmo Innes, Esquire, the learned 
editor of a kindred volume, the ' Genealogical 
' Deduction of the Family of Rose of Kilravock,' 



and of many other valuable works, enlarged 
Mr. Dundas's account of the Keir family. The 
Editor of the present volume is, however, re- 
sponsible for the account of the Keir family, as 
it is now printed, as well as for the deduction 
of all the branches and the other portions of this 
volume. 

2 In the English Cyclopaedia, 4to, London, 1857. 
vol. v. p. 732, there is a bibliographical notice of 
James Stirling ; but bis personal history is confined 
to a few lines of no importance. 



PREFACE. Xlll 

Sterling, the famous ' Thunderer' of ' The Times;' and his son, the late 
John Sterling. An account of these distinguished Stirlings, and of many 
others of less note, will be found in the ' Branches.' 

The third division consists of the Charters and other Family Papers. 
' They extend from the middle of the thirteenth century to the close of the 
seventeenth, later than which it has been deemed unnecessary to continue 
them. Most of the original writs are at Keir ; where this is not the case, 
the place of deposit is noted in the Abstract. The whole of the charters 
have been arranged in chronological order, except where the terms of the 
writs required a different arrangement. The formal passages of many of the 
charters have been abridged, to prevent useless repetition, which is indicated 
by marks of omission. Words contracted in the original writs have been 
printed in extenso, although the retaining or discharging of contractions is 
a question on which editors have differed — the same editor occasionally dis- 
charging and retaining the contractions — and, it may not be considered a 
matter of much consequence. But the preference has been given to print- 
ing the words in extenso, even where they are contracted in the original 
writs. 

A full Abstract of all the Charters being given, it is unnecessary to de- 
scribe them particularly here. A few of the writs may be briefly noticed. 

The contract of marriage in 1501 shows how matrimonial alliances were 
occasionally arranged at that date : Sir Patrick Hume of Polwarth, and Sir 
William Stirling of Keir, agree that John of Stirling, son of Sir William, 
should marry Margaret, daughter of Sir Patrick, and failing her, Sibbale her 
sister, and so forth, as long as Sir Patrick had a lawful daughter, until the 
marriage should be completed, which should be ' at the lauchful age of the 
' said barnis, the maill being of fourteen years and the female twelve years/ 
The contract does not show the ages of the respective ' barnis,' when they 
were thus bound for better and worse by their parents ; but they must have 
been of very tender years, being under fourteen and twelve. It cannot be 
matter of wonder, that such premature alliances, arranged without regard 
to the feelings of the parties most interested, often proved unhappy, and led 
to separations and divorces. 



XIV PREFACE. 

The contract between the Governors of Dumbarton Castle in 1510, gives 
a minute detail of the furniture of the castle and chapel, as it was handed 
over by the old Governor to the new. There is notice of ' Wallas-tour,' 1 and 
' Sanct Patrikis Chapell situat within the Castale, with ane auld Mess buk 
' of perchement,' and many other ' furnishings.' 

The retour of George Stirling of Glorat, on 15th January 1537, shows 
that Matthew, Earl of Lennox, Regent of Scotland, was born on the day 
of Saint Matthew the Apostle, and named after him, as it is stated that the 
Earl attained his twenty-first year on that day. 

The decree by the Bishop of Dunblane, in 1539, is not without value 
in reference to the designations applied to legitimate as distinguished from 
illegitimate children. Two ladies are there styled the natural lawful daugh- 
ters and heirs of their father, while other two are styled the natural daugh- 
ters of the same parent, and are declared to be illegitimate. 

The passport by Oliver Cromwell in 1653 contains a fine impression of 
his seal, which has been accurately engraved. 

The last article of this division is a Register of Births, Marriages, and 
Deaths, which was commenced in 1613 by Sir John Stirling, father of Lord 
Garden, and has been continued to the present time. 

The earliest charter in the collection, an obligation by King James II. 
for a payment out of the tocher of Mary of Guelders to Robert Livingstone 
the comptroller, who was afterwards hanged, the process of Dispensation in 
1460 for the marriage of Henry Livingstone, and some other writs, appear 
entitled to a place in the collection, although their only connection with 
the Stirling's, is their being preserved in the charter-chest of the Glorat 
branch. 

Where a seal is attached to a charter, the armorial bearings appearing 
on the seal have been described, as the ensigns of heraldry often disclose in- 
teresting facts in the history of families. 

the The last section of the volume contains Letters, ranging in date from 

letters. t j ie j^dle of the sixteenth century to the middle of the eighteenth. They 

1 ' Wallace's Tower was probably the tower in ' Menteith.' [Tytler's History of Scotland, 3rd ed. 
' which Wallace was confined after his capture by vol. iii. p. 194.] 



PREFACE. XV 

are almost entirely selected from a large collection at Keir, a few being 
added from other repositories. The letters have been selected, as much 
as possible, on account of their general interest ; a desire to keep this 
volume within reasonable limits has also influenced the selection. An 
ample Abstract of the printed letters is given ; one or two may be more 
specially noticed. 

Two of the letters, which follow each other in order of time, are from 
Generals Thomas Dalzell of Binns and Alexander Leslie, Earl of Leven. 
Judging from these specimens of their penmanship, Dalzell and Leslie, 
although both brave soldiers, were but indifferent scholars. They had been 
better trained to their swords than their pens. The bad spelling of distin- 
guished men of those times is sometimes excused, as there were then no 
settled rules of orthography. This is true to a certain extent ; but where 
specimens of spelling in the seventeenth century are found to assimilate to 
the mode of spelling now in use, such specimens must be regarded as good 
spelling, compared with the letters of Leslie and Dalzell. 

The third letter after Lord Leven's is from, the great Marquis of Montrose, 
whose letter contrasts favourably in point of orthography with those from his 
two contemporary Generals. Montrose was a scholar as well as a soldier, 
and although his studies at St. Andrews were interrupted by his early mar- 
riage, and the troubles of the times, he retained a love for the classics. The 
Latin motto used on the seal of this letter, was probably selected by him- 
self, soon after his creation as Marquis, in reference to his loyal daring: 
' Sublimi triumphal voto.' 

Such are the materials found in the charter-chest of this old baronial 
family. Far from locking up his family muniments from the light of clay, 
the present owner has, with an enlightened liberality, opened them to Ms 
friends by means of the present volume, which may perhaps be not less accep- 
table to some of his kinsmen than his original works have been to the public 
at large. This is probably the first work of the kind executed by a Scottish 
proprietor at his own sole charge. It is to be hoped, that the good example 
thus set, may yet be generally followed by the owners of other ancient 
charter-chests. The Editor has pleasure in stating, that already, several 



XVI PREFACE. 

noblemen of enlightened views contemplate similar volumes of their family 
papers. 1 Most of the valuable ecclesiastical chartularies of Scotland have 
been printed by the Baimatyne, Maitland, and other literary and antiquarian 
societies ; and were all, or even a considerable proportion of the lay charter- 
chests to be similarly preserved, a great mass of very valuable materials, 
now in many cases decaying, would be made available for historical and 
antiquarian purposes. It is the fashion among some to despise family his- 
tory, and to impute to such works as the present vain or selfish motives. 
But this is a great mistake. The public, more than individual owners of 
private muniments, profit, by securing them, through the instrumentality 
of the press, from destruction by accident or the depredations of time. 

Family history may indeed be considered the most limited of all history, 
but it is generally interesting ; and although the account of any one family, 
however long its descent, may be but a fragment of the history of a nation, 
it must be remembered, that even the history of a nation itself is but a frag- 
ment of the history of the world. 

WILLIAM FRASER. 

1 From a nobleman of a different turn of mind, ' be said for the Scotch of those days, which seems 
the Editor, some years ago, received the follow- ( to have been a nonsensical language from its com- 
ing letter, with a copy of a new antiquarian work, ' mencement, and never seems likely to be much 
offered to his lordship, in return for his courtesy in ' better; so that the sooner the modern English su- 
allowing access to his family papers — ' persedes the Scotch the better. Ancient English 

' Lord , . . has had the favour of the ' was almost as nonsensical as ancient Scotch. But 

( offer of the . . .; but as he takes little or no ( the English have encouraged improvement, while 

1 interest in these old records, and as he thinks they ' the Scotch have resisted it. Hence the difference.' 
' had better be forgotten, he begs to return the book, If 'old records' had been 'forgotten' in the 

' with many thanks to the persons who were so good manner wished for by the noble writer, some of 

' as to offer it to him. A great part of it seems in his own titles of honour would probably never 

' remarkably good Latin, which is more than can have been inherited by him. 



XV11 



ABSTRACT OF THE CHARTERS, &c. 



Page 

1. Charter by Bertram, the son of Henry of Wluestoun, to his cousin, Waldeve Kokes, 

of those two oxengates of land in the territory of Nether Eyton, for which 
the latter had "been pursued by the King's letters : and that the charter might 
remain in force for ever, he had sworn in the Court of the Prior of Colding- 
hame, held at Eyton, that he and his heirs would never impugn it, under the 
penalty of twenty pounds sterling. This charter is without date, but was 
probably granted about 1260. {Orig. Olorat Charter Chest) 197 

2. Charter by John of Argyle, Lord of Lome, to Mary, his father's sister, wife 

of John of Striwelyne, and her heirs, of the five penny land of Rathorane, the 
penny land called Garwpennynge, the two penny land of Bartychkeregylle, 
the penny land of Fekyrfaltach, on both sides of the Logane, the penny land 
of Hachychnacelache, and the half penny land of Cragnamoychenache, all 
lying in Lome : To be held for payment yearly of a pair of spurs, or their 
value, if they could not be bought. Dated at Perth on the Nativity of St. 
Mary (8th September), 1338 198 

3. Charter by King David II., whereby, after narrating that Marjory of Streuyllyn, 

daughter and heir of the late John of Streuyllyn, Sheriff of Clakmannan, and 
Lord of the Cars of Stirling and of Alveth, had resigned all lands, offices, and 
rents pertaining to her by hereditary right throughout the whole kingdom, 
in the hands of Robert the Steward of Scotland, then the King's Lieutenant, 
in his absence, who had infeft John of Menteith, then spouse of the said 
Marjory, therein ; the King receives and restores the said John of Menteith 
and Marjory, to the same state and possession of the lands, offices, and rents, 
as she had in her pure widowhood : To be held by John and Marjory, and 
the heirs of their bodies ; whom failing, the heirs of Marjory, for services 
used and wont. Dated at Edinburgh, 25th January A. R. 28 (1357). {Official 
Extract in Alva Charter Chest) 198 

4. Charter by King Robert II, to William of Meneteth, son and heir of Marjory 

of Striulyn, daughter and heir of the deceased John of Striuelyn, Knight, of 
the baronies of Westkers and Alueth, within the sheriffdom of Striuelyn, and 



XVlii ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &C. [1382-1408. 

Page 
wherever else within the kingdom, and also the offices of Sheriff and Forester 

of Claomanan ; which had "been resigned by Marjory in the Parliament held 
at Scone on 22nd October 1382 : To be held by the said William and Elisa- 
beth his spouse, and their heirs ; whom failing, the heirs of William, in free 
barony, for services used and wont ; reserving the free tenement to Marjory for 
her lifetime. Dated 23rd October A. R. 12 (1382). (0 rig . Kerse Charter Chest) 200 

5. Charter by Robert Duke of Albany, Earl of Fyfe and of Menteth, and Governor 

of Scotland, to William of Menteth, son and heir of William of Menteth of 
Westirkers, Knight, and his heirs, of the Baronies of Westkers and of Alueth, 
and the offices of Sheriff and Forestar of Clakmannan, which had been 
resigned by the said William of Menteth the father : To be held in free ba- 
rony, for services used and wont ; reserving the liferent to William the father 
for his lifetime. Dated at Perth, 16th May 1411. (Orig. Kerse Charter Chest) 201 

6. Charter by William of Galbrath, Laird of Katconvall, to his dearest son, James 

of Galbrath, of the half of Estyrbothernokis lying nearest Kelvyne, the half 
of Westyrbothernokis lying nearest the More, and the fourth part of 
Kyncade, lying nearest Kelvyne on the west side, with the half of the 
Mill of Kyncade, in the earldom of Levynnax and shire of Strivelyne : 
To be held by James and the heirs of his body, whom failing, to return 
to the granter, for service of ward and relief to the Laird of Bothernokis, 
and pjayirig the granter forty pennies yearly at the fair of Glasgow ; and 
also giving to him and his heirs a silver penny, in name of blench farm, 
at Katconvall, on Whitsunday, if asked. Dated at Katconvall, 10th October 
1381. (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 202 

7. Charter confirming the above charter, granted by David of Hamyltone and Jonet 

of Keth, his spouse. Dated at their manor of Dalserfe, 11th October 13S1. 
(Orig. Leny Charter Chest) 203 

8. Charter by Matthew (Glendoning) Bishop of the Church of Glasgow, with consent 

of the Chapter thereof, to his beloved vassal, William of Striuelyne, son and 
heir of Sir John of Striuelyne, Knight, of the lands of Cadare, in the barony 
of Glasgu, within the sheriffdom of Lanark : To hold of the Bishop and 
Church of Glasgow, for payment yearly of £4 usual money, and three suits 
of court at three head pleas of the said Barony, with ward, relief, and other 
usual services : This charter is not dated, but must have been granted in the 
year 1408, in which both the Bishop and Sir John died 204 



1405-1423.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &C. xix 

Page 
9. Instrument of Transumpt made in the Blackfriars' Cemetery of Ayr, on 30th July 

1405, at the instance of John Cambell, Laird of the west part of Galstoun, 

by Walter of Are, notary public, of 

(1.) Charter by Malcolm Earl of Levenax to Sir "William of Galbreth, 
Knight, and his heirs, of the lands of Kyrkmychell and of Drummade, in 
the Earldom of Levenax, upon Levyn : To be held for payment of a pair 
of scarlet hose at the first entry of William and his heirs, at the manor 
of Belach, in name of blench farm. Dated at Bullull, 16th January 
1278. 
(2.) Declaration by Walter of Danuelstoun Lord of Blackburn, that the 
lands of Galstoun and Bothernok, belonging to John Campbell, were no 
farther bound to him than to take therefrom ten merks yearly, until John 
should pay him 100 merks on the high altar of the Kirk of Dunbretane. 
Dated at Dunbretane, 10th October 1400 205 

10. Charter by Euphemia, Countess Palatine of Stratherne, in her pure and lawful 

widowhood, to her beloved esquire, Lucas of Streuelyn, of the lands of 
Westeretherne, in her earldom of Stratherne, which Lucas had resigned at 
Dunblane, in implement of a taillie between him and William of Streuelyn 
Lord of Cadare : To be held by Lucas and the heirs-male of his body, whom 
failing, to William, and the heirs-male of his body, whom failing, to the heirs- 
male whomsoever of the name of Streuelyne, whom failing, to return to the 
nearest heirs whomsoever of Lucas, for giving three suits in the year at the 
three head pleas of the Earldom of Stratherne, and a silver penny at Foulis, 
on Whitsunday, at the dinner hour, in name of blench farm. Dated at 
Perth, 8th October 1414 206 

11. Letter of Wadset by George Cambeel, Laird of the west part of the Gallystoun 

to William of Strewyllyng, Lord of Cadar, of the lands of the Gallisholme in 
the lordship of the west part of the Gallystoun, and sheriffdom of Are, until 
William should be paid the principal sum of twenty merks on the high altar 
of the High Kirk of Glasgow. Dated at Glasgow, 3rd August 1422 208 

12. Retour before Sir Walter Stewart of Railstoune, Sheriff of Perth, by command 

of the Lord Governor of Scotland, of Lucas of Streuelyn, as heir of William 
of Streuelyn his father, in the lands of Rathorane and others (as in No. 2), 
which were then valued at five merks yearly, and in time of peace at twenty- 
five merks, and had been in the hands of the Lord of Lome for thirty years 
and upwards, since the death of William. Dated at Perth, 11th January 1423, 209 



XX ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. [1432-1437. 

Page 

13. Brieve from the Chancery of James I. to the Sheriff of Perth, for serving Wil- 

liam of Striuelyn, son of John of Striuelyn, Knight, in all lands and annual- 
rents in which the latter died vest and seised at the royal faith and peace, 
within the Sheriff's bailiwick. Dated A. R. 26 (1432) 210 

14. Re tour before John of Ruthven, Sheriff- Depute of Perth, of William of Striue- 

line, as heir of John of Striueline, Knight, his father, in the lands of Regortun, 
within the sheriffdom of Perth, which were then valued at fourteen merks 
yearly, and in time of peace at ten pounds, held in capite of Walter of 
Haliburtoun for ward and relief, and had been in his hands since the death of 
Sir John, twenty-four years before. Dated at Perth, 29th April 1432 210 

15. Instrument of Sasine given by Robert Grame of Kynpounte, Baillie for Norman 

of Lesly of Rothess, (in virtue of a precept dated 18th December 1433 therein 
inserted), to Lucas of Stirling of Retherne, of the lands of the Kere within the 
regality of Stratberne. Dated 22nd January 1433 211 

16. Instrument of Sasine given by Reginald of Craufurd, Baillie of the Barony of 

Glasgow, by virtue of a letter of sasine from the chancery of the Bishop of 
Glasgow, to William of Streuelyng, as heir of William Streuelyng, of the 
lands of Caddare. Done at the Tower of Caddare, 23rd June 1434 212 

17. Precept by Walter of Halyburtone, Knight, Lord of that Ilk and of Monythi, 

commanding his son Robert of Halyburtone as his baillie to give sasine, in 
implement of the ' kyngis bref of commandment,' to William of Striuelyne, 
of the tenandry of Ragorton, in the lordship of Monythy and sheriffdom of 
Perth. Dated at Perth, 21st October 1437 213 

18. Precept directed by Isabel, Duchess of Albany and Countess of the Leuenax, to 

her loved cousins, Thomas and Malcolm Alexandersonez, for infefting her 
' deirest nevo,' James Stewart of Albany, in certain lands, as contained in his 
charters made thereupon. Dated at Inchkalzach, 12th May 1437. (Orig. 
Glorat Charter Chest) 214 

19. Charter by Isabella Duchess of Albany and Countess of Leuenax, whereby 

after narrating letters of Donald Earl of Leuenax, her ancestor, giving 
to Robert Clerk of Dunbretane, his heirs and assignees, the lands of Over 
Bullull, near the church of Biillull, until the Earl or his heirs should repay 
them a certain sum of ancient money ; and that the said land had been 



L442-1446.] abstract of charters, <fcc. xxi 

Page 
assigned by Robert to the chapel of St. Mary of Dunbretane, to celebrate 

divine service there for ever, for the souls of the Earls of Leuenax her 
ancestors, and all faithful dead, until the said sum should be paid by the 
heirs or successors of the said Earl ; she expresses her desire to renounce the 
repayment of the said sum, and to annex the said land to the said chapel, for 
the health of the soul of King Robert Bruce, and his ancestors and successors, 
kings of Scotland, and for the soul of her deceased father, Duncan Earl of 
Leuenax, his ancestors and successors, Earls of Leuenax, her own soul, her 
mother's, her children's, and all faithful dead; and grants Bullull to Sir 
William of Dunbretane, the then chaplain, and the chaplains, his successors in 
the said chapel, celebrating divine service there for ever, they giving nothing 
therefor but prayers ; and if Isabella should impugn that gift, she bound her- 
self to pay to the chaplain for the time £100 sterling in name of damages, and 
£40 sterling to the work of the High Church of Glasgow, in name of penalty. 
Dated at Inchmoryne, 10th June 1442. (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 214 

20. Letters by James (Kennedy) Bishop of St. Andrews, James (Bruce) Bishop of 

Dunkeld, Patrick Lord the Grahame, and George of Setoun Lord of that Ilk, 
Knights, attesting, that in the cause between William of Striuelyne, Lord of 
Cadare, and Gilbert of Striuelyn, they, with the other Lords of Council therein 
named, had ordained the lands of Kyrkmychael Striuelyn, lying above Levyn, 
within the sheriffdom of Dunbertane, to remain with William as his heritage, 
and that Gilbert who had possessed the lands unjustly, should remove there- 
from with all his goods, and pay rent therefor, from the time William took 
sasine thereof to the making of those letters. Dated at Striuelyn, 21st 
January 1442 216 

21. Notarial Instrument, narrating that Gilbert of Striwlyne came before David 

of Cadyhou the Precentor, and Patrick Leich, David of Name, and Robert 
of Prendergest, Canons of Glasgow, and produced an instrument, made by 
Robert of Laweder, Canon of Glasgow and Notary Public, in which was 
contained that the Bishop of Glasgow, by giving a glove, reinvested the 
said Gilbert and Isabella his wife in Estir Cadyre, which had been re- 
cognosced in the Bishop's hands ; and required the said Canons to declare 
whether they remembered the premises : to which David of Cadhou, Patrick 
Leich, and David of Name answered that they did, and Robert of Pren- 
dergest that he believed the facts to be true, but did not well remember 
them, as eight years had elapsed. Done in the Cathedral Church of Glas- 
gow, 3rd March 1446 217 

cl 



xxii ABSTEACT OF CHARTERS, &C. [1447-1448. 

Page 

22. Notarial Instrument, attesting that William of Striveling, Lord of Cader, went 

to the town of Estyrcader, and there, in presence of many persons, explained 
that Sir Alexander of Levyngstoun, Knight, Lord of Calentare, had recog- 
nosced the lands of Estyrcader without reasonable cause, notwithstanding 
the deceased Sir John of Striuelyng Knight, and William of Striuelying, 
the grandfather and father of the said William, and he himself, had been 
in possession thereof for forty-six years, and had repledged them to Gilbert 
of Striuelyng to William's prejudice : which being said, the said William 
went to the house of Estircader, and expelled therefrom the said Gilbert and 
Isabella his spouse, and caused all their animals and moveable goods to be 
removed from the lands, and annulled the said repledgement, by breaking a 
vessel and extinguishing a fire. Dated 28th May 1447 218 

23. Instrument of Resignation by Gilbert of Streueline and Isabella Trepnay, his 

wife, of the lands of Estir Cadare in the hands of William (Turnbull) 
Bishop of Glasgow, in favour of Patrick of Streueline their son. Done in the 
Chamber of the Bishop within the Castle of Streueline, 1448, 220 

24. Letter of Resignation by Lucas of Sterling of Bouchquhumgre of his lands of 

Bynzharty and the Hillis of Ballingalle, in the sheriffdom of Fiff and barony 
of Leysly, in the hands of George Lord the Leysly of Lewyn, his over Lord. 
Dated at Leysly, 6th May 1448. {Orig. Rothes Charter Chest) 221 

25. Procuratory of Resignation by George of Leysly, Lord of that Ilk, to James 

of Lewyngstone, Captain to the King, and William of Sterling, son and 
apparent heir of Lucas of Sterliug of Bouchquhumgre, for resigning half the 
lands of Keyre, in the sheriffdom of Perth and earldom of Stratherne, in the 
hands of King James, in favour of the said Lucas of Sterling and his heirs. 
Dated at Leysly, 7th May 1448 222 

26. Charter by Jonet of Kinross, of Kippanrosse, with consent of her friends, to 

William of Striueline, son and heir of Lucas of Striuelin of Ratherne (for 
assisting her often in times past, and especially in recovering her lands of 
Lupnoch, lying in the lordship of Strogartnay, from John of Menteth, to 
whom they had been wadset by her predecessors), of the said lands of Lupnoch ; 
to hold of the Lord of Strogartnay and his heirs, for giving yearly a roebuck's 
head, at Whitsunday, in name of blench farm, if asked, and giving to the King 
and his successors such service as pertained thereto. Given under her seal 
and the seal of Patrick Lord Grahaame, at Kincardin, 5th November 1448, 222 



1448-1455.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. XXlil 

Page 

27. Ratification of the above Charter by Jonet of Kinross (spouse of Robert Stewart). 

Done in the Great Hall of the Castle of Kinoardin, 5th September 14-18, 223 

28. Obligation by James II. to pay Robert of Levingstoune of Medilbenyng, his 

comptroller, on the 1st of April then next, or at furthest on the feast of St. 
Peter ad vincula, in the town of Brugis in Flanders, out of the sum due to the 
King for the tocher of his consort, Mary Qaeen of Scotland, the sum of 372 
full pounds of Flemish money, the equivalent of £930 Scots, being the balance 
found due to Robert, as comptroller, by the auditors of the Exchequer : But 
if Robert should be paid in Flanders 63 full pounds, in virtue of another 
assignation by the King, that sum should be deducted from the former. Given 
under the royal privy seal and sign manual, at Striueline, 22nd August 1449. 
(Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 224 

29. Renunciation by Stephen Scot, of the Mwrhouse, to Henry of Levingstoune, son 

and heir of whilome Robert of Levingstoune of Lithquo, of his right to the 
lands of Castelcary and the Weltoune, within the barony of Stratetoune and 
shire of Strivyling, under a charter by King James II. Dated at Edinburgh, 
7th November 1453. (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 225 

30. Charter by King James II. to Alexander of Strathaehin of Knok, of the half 

land of Keire, in the earldom of Stratherne and shire of Perth, which had 
been resigned by him at Striueline : To hold of the King for services used 
and wont. Dated at Edinburgh, 13th April 1452 227 

31. Precept directed by Walter Hawden of Keiore, to Robert of Conynghame of 

Achinbowy and others, his Baillies, for giving sasine to William of Striueline 
of Ratherne, of the half land of Kere, called Kere Hawden; in terms of a 
charter granted by Walter to him. Dated at Perth, 4th November 1455 ... 227 

32. Charter by Archibald of Kinbuk of that Ilk, to William of Striueline of Ratherne, 

of the mid part of the lands of Olassingall, in the earldom of Stratherne and 
shire of Perth : To be held of the King as Earl of Stratherne, and his heirs, 
for services used and wont. Dated at Dunblane, 11th April 1455 228 

33. Letters by Archibald of Kynbuc of that Ilk, appointing Laurence Lord Oliphant, 

James Schaw of Sawchy, Michael of Balfour of Burly, and David of Crychtoun, 
and each of them, his procurators, for resigning his part of the lands of Classin- 
gall, Schanraw, and Gernortoun, within the earldom of Stratherne and shire of 



xxiv ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, Ac. [1459-1464. 

Page 
Perth, in the hands of James II. King of Scots ; so that the King might dis- 
pone them at his pleasure. Dated at Dunblane, 1st October 1459 229 

34. Charter by King James II. to William of Striueling of Ratherne and his heirs, 

of the lands of Classingall, Schanraw, and Gernortoun, which had been resigned 
at Edinburgh by the procurators of Archibald of Kynbuk : To be held for 
services used and wont. Dated at Edinburgh, 10th November 1459 229 

35. Instrument of Sasine given by Malcolm Sluthman, mayor of fee, of the Bail- 

liwick of Stratherne (in terms of a precept by King James III., dated at 
Edinburgh, 18th November, in the first year of his reign), to William of 
Striueline of Ratherne, Knight, of the above lands, in terms of the above 
charter. Dated 15th December 1460. John of Atheray, Treasurer of Dun- 
blane, notary 230 

36. Grant by John Stewart of Dernle, Lord of that Ilk, to his well beloved cousin, 

James Stewart of Albyne, the natural son of uniquhile James Stewart, son of 
Sir Murdoch Stewart, umquhile Earl of Fiff and of Menteith, of the half land 
of Ballindorane, within the earldom of the Lewnax and shire of Striueling : 
To be held by James and the heirs of his body, for giving three suits at three 
head courts yearly ; and if James or his heirs should be ejected from the 
lands, John would give them ten nierks worth within his lands of Auandale, 
wherever they pleased, the ' manys and chemys ' being excepted. Dated 
at Glasgow, 10th March 1457. (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 231 

37. Charter by King James III., dated at Striueline 12th January 1465, confirming a 

charter, dated at Striueline, 7th January 1464, and therein inserted, by John 
Lord Dernlee to James Stewart of Albany, of the east half of the lands of Bal- 
dorane ; in the same terms as the above grant. {Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 232 

38. Instrument of Sasine given by Sir Murdoch Stewarde of Albany, Knight, to 

William Stewarde, natural son of and as procurator for James Stewarde of 
Albany, his father, of the east half of the lands of Baldorane, in virtue of a 
precept by John Stewarde, Lord of Dernle. Dated 17th January 1464 233 

39. Process of Dispensation by William, Prior of St. Andrews, Vicar-General of 

James, Bishop of St. Andrews, then abroad, Delegate of Philip, Cardinal Priest, 
by the title of St. Laurence in Lucina, Great Penitentiary of Pope Pius II., ab- 
solving Henry of Levyngstoun of Middilbenyng and Margaret of Parkle, who 



1460-1471.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. XXV 

Page 
were related in the third and fourth degrees of consanguinity, from the excom- 
munication which they had incurred by their marriage, and allowing them to 
marry of new. Dated 17th June 1460. (0 rig. Olorat Charter Chest) 235 

40. Charter by John Duncansone, Burgess of Dunbertane, to Master George Abyr- 

nethe, Provost of the Collegiate Church of St. Mary the Virgin of Dunber- 
tane, for his life, and after his death, to Walter Abyrnethe his carnel son, and 
the heirs-male of his body ; whom failing, to Robert of Abyrnethe, also his 
carnal son, and the heirs-male of his body, of a yearly annualrent of twenty 
shillings, from the tenement of the granter within the burgh of Dunbertane. 
Dated 6th November 1461. (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 233 

41. Instrument of Sasine given by Thomas Schethwme of that Ilk, Baillie of 

Thomas Chawmer of Drumlochy (in virtue of a precept, dated 12th August 
1466, therein inserted), to Sir William Streueling of Keyr, Knight, of the lands 
of Kennoquhy in the barony of Lesly and sheriffdom of Fyf. Dated 16th 
August 1466. (Orig. Balfour Charter Chest) 239 

42. Instrument of Sasine given by John Chalmer, Baillie of Thomas Chalmer 

of Drumloquhy, to John Beton of Balfour, attorney of William Striueling 
of the Keyr, of parts of the lands of Kennoquhy. Dated 9th May 1472. 
(Orig. Balfour Charter Chest) 240 

43. Tack by William Streueling of the Keyre to his loved cousin John Betone of 

Balfour, of five eighteen parts of the lands of Kennoquhy, for nineteen years, 
for the yearly payment of eighteen merks six shillings and eleven pence. 
Dated at Kennoquhy, loth July 1473. (Orig. Balfour Charter Chest) 241 

44. Instrument of Sasine in favour of Sir William of Sterling of Rathern, Knight, of 

the lands of Litil Kynbuk and Mekle Kynbuk, in the regality of Stratherne 
and shire of Perth ; proceeding on precept by Sir William of Knollis, Knight, 
Preceptor of Torfychine, which narrates the resignation of the lands by Archi- 
bald of Kynbuk. Date of precept 8th, and of sasine 10th September 1468, 242 

45. Instrument of Sasine given by Walter of Kinkell, officer of William Murreff of 

Tulibardin, Knight, Steward of Stratherne, to William Stirling, son and heir 
of the deceased Sir William Stirling of Kere, Knight, of the lands of Kere 
and Classingall ; according to the tenor of the King's precept directed to the 
said Steward. Dated 23rd May 1471 243 



XXvi ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &C. [1472-1473. 

Page 

46. Charter of Mortification by William Striueling of Keyr, whereby, for the health 

of the souls of King James (III.), John Hepburne, Bishop of Dunblane, Luke 
Striuelyng, and Sir William Striuelyng, Knight, and Margaret his spouse, the 
father and mother of the granter, and for the health of his own soul, and the 
souls of his wife, children, and ancestors, and of all faithful dead ; he grants 
to Almighty God, the Heavenly Choir, and the Blessed and Glorious Virgin 
Mary, and to her altar on the north side of the nave of the Cathedral Church 
of Dunblane, and to Sir John Franch, perpetual chaplain at the said altar, and 
his successors serving and to serve God there for ever, a toft and croft of the 
lands of Keyr, the lands of Schanrach, the Wodland, and Classingall, an 
annualrent of forty shillings from the lands of Kippanerayt, and the mill of 
Strowe, with three acres of arable land of the lands of Strowe, and the pas- 
ture of six beasts in the nether part of the same lands : To be held by the 
said chaplains in pure and perpetual alms, for performing divine service at 
the said altar, with license to Sir John Franch to possess any ecclesiastical 
benefice or ehaplainry, with or without cure, for the whole time of his life ; 
but his successors were to reside in the city of Dunblane, and perform service 
at the said altar, and if they should be absent for two months without license 
from the granter and his heirs, the ehaplainry to become vacant eo facto. 
The presentation was to be with the granter and his heirs, who were to 
present a chaplain within two months after a vacancy, under a penalty of 
twenty merks, to be paid to the work of the Cathedral of Dunblane, and 
the presentation to devolve ilia vice to the Bishop of Dunblane for the time. 
Dated at Keyr, 26th April 1472, and Confirmed by John, Bishop of Dun- 
blane, at Dunblane, 10th May 1472 244 

47. Notarial Instrument, attesting that Humphrey Stirling, son of Sir William 

Stirling, Lord of Cadar, Knight, went, as procurator for his father, to the pre- 
sence of Walter Stewart of Morfy, and cited him to appear at the parish 
church of Striueline, to resign to the said William two parts of the lands of 
Estir Cadar, and to receive a suni of money thereupon due to him ; which 
Walter refused to do. Done in the public street of the burgh of Striueline, near 
the house of Elizabeth Stewart, Lady of Bigar, 10th May 1472 247 

48. Letter under the Privy Seal of King James III., promising that no revocation 

to be made by the King should prejudice his charter of erection of the lands 
of Keire, Lupnoich, Classingawis, Dachlewane, Retherne, Striueling, and 
Strowy, into the barony of the Keire, in favour of William of Striueling of 
the Keire and his heirs. Dated at Edinburgh. 28th January 1473 247 



1474-1486.] ABSTEACT OF CHARTERS, &c. XXvii 

Page 

49. Letter of Reversion by William of Menteth of the Westkers, to William of 

Striueline of the Kere, of the lands of Halcoyge in the barony of the Kere, 
and in warrandice thereof, the lands of Strowy, on payment of 200 merks on 
the high altar of the parish kirk of Logy beside Striuelyne ; he or his heirs 
having forty days previous warning, either personally, at their dwelling- 
places, or at the parish kirk of Alvay at time of high mass. Dated at West- 
kers, 6th January 1474 243 

50. Letters of Resignation by Walter Stuart of Morphe, and Patrick of Stereling, the 

son of umquhile Gilbert of Stereling and Isabella Tripney his spouse, of two 
parts of the lands of Easter Cadar, in the hands of William of Stereling, Larde 
of Cadare, Knight, their overlord, to remain with him, his heirs and assignees, 
for ever. Dated at Edinburgh, 22nd April 1477 249 

51. Obligation by Walter Stuart of Morphy, whereby he declares that he had never 

state, sasine, nor possession of the two parts of the lands of Ester Cadar, and 
binds himself not to molest Sir William of Streling of Cadar, Knight, in 
the peaceable possession thereof. Dated at Edinburgh, 29th April 1477... 250 

52. Letter of Reversion by Matthew Forestar, Burgess of Striueline, to William of 

Striueline of the Kere, of the lands of Dachlewyne, in the shire of Perth, 
on payment of 200 merks on the high altar of the parish kirk of Striueling, 
he, his heirs or assignees, having twenty days previous warning, y either per- 
sonally, at their dwelling-places, or at their parish kirk in time of high mass. 
Dated at the Abbey of Cambuskenneth, 27th August 1484 251 

53. Letter of Reversion by Duncan Forester, burgess of the burgh of Striueline, to 

William of Striueling of the Kere, of the lands of Dachlewin, and in war- 
randice thereof the lands of Auld Kere, on payment of 200 merks on the 
altar of Saint Andrew the Apostle, within the aisle of Saint Andrew, in the 
parish kirk of Striueling ; he, his heirs or assignees, having forty days pre- 
vious warning, either personally, at their dwelling-places, or at their parish 
kirk in time of high mass. Dated at Cambuskenneth, 10th May 1486 253 

54. Charter by King James III. to his beloved familiar esquire, John Striueling, 

son and apparent heir of John Striueling of Cragbernard, of the lands of 
Cragbernard, Balgrochquheris, Korfatrick, Leythhedis, and Balglass, within 
the earldom of Levenax and shire of Striueling ; which had been resigned 
in the King's hands by John Striueling, elder, reserving his own liferent ; 



XXVlii ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. [1486-1487. 

Page 
To be held by John Striueling, junior, and his heirs, of the King and his suc- 
cessors, Earls of Levenax, for services used and wont. Dated at Edinburgh, 
29th May 1486. (Orig. Qlorat Charter Chest) 254 

55. Obligation by Jonet of Quhannene, daughter and apparent heir to Mungo of 

Quhannen of Stratheir, to obtain herself infeft in the lands of Stratheir, within 
the earldom of Stratherne and shire of Perth, and within eight days thereafter 
to infeft William Stewart of Baldorane, his heirs or assignees, in the four 
merk land of Ballifoule : To be holden of her, her heirs and assignees, in 
free blench farm, for a broad arrow at Midsummer, if asked ; and that under 
a penalty of 200 nierks to William, in name of damages and expenses ; 100 
merks to the King, in name of pain ; and 100 merks to the Bishop of Dun- 
blane, for the kirk work of Dunblane : Given under her seal and the seal of 
Duncan Campbell of Glenorquhay, at the Isle of Bragane, 10th July 1486. 
(Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 255 

56. Retour of the Service before Alexander Cunyngahame of Polmais Cunyngahame, 

sheriff-depute of Striueling, of William Striueling, as heir of William 
Striueling of Cadar, Knight, his father, in the lands of Lettyr, within the 
earldom of Leuenax and shire of Stirling, which were then valued at 
twenty merks, and in time of peace at ten pounds, were held of the King 
by the service of ward and relief, for giving yearly common suit at the 
King's courts of the earldom of Leuenax, and had been in his hands since 
the death of Sir William, three weeks before. Dated at Striueling, 29th 
May 1487 258 

57. Instrument of Sasine, dated 31st May 1487, given by Patrick Blacader, baillie 

of the barony of Glasgu, to William Sterulyng, as heir of the deceased Sir 
William Sterulyng of Cadder, Knight, his father, of the lands of Cadder ; 
which proceeds on and transumes 

(1.) Precept of Clare Constat by Martine Wane, Chancellor, Gilbert Rerik, 
Archdeacon, and Patrick Leiche, Canon and Official, all of the Church of 
Glasgow, and Vicars-General of Robert (Blacader) Bishop of Glasgow, 
then abroad, for infefting said William Sterulyng, as heir of his father, 
in said lands, conform to the succeeding Retour. Dated at Glasgow, 
30th May 1487; and 
(2.) Retour of the Service before the said baillie of said William Sterulyng, 
as heir of said William Sterulyng, in said lands, which were then valued 
at eighty-five merks, and in time of peace at the same ; were held of the 



1487-1488.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, Sec. Xxix 

Page 
Church of Glasgow, and the Bishop thereof for the time, by ward and relief, 

for giving four pounds Soots and three suits at three head courts yearly, 

with other services used and wont ; and had been in the hands of the 

Bishop of Glasgow, as superior, since the death of Sir William three 

weeks and three days before. Dated at Glasgow, 30th May 1487 259 

53. Instrument of Sasine given propriis manibus by Colin Campbell of Achinquhoye, 
superior, to William Stirlyng of Caddar, son and heir of Sir William Stirlyng 
of Caddar, Knight, as heir of his father, of the lands of Kyrkmichell Stirlyng, 
in the shire of Dunbertane. Dated 31st December 1487 262 

59. Discharge by Colin Campbell of Auchmhowe to William of Strewiling of Cadar, 

for twenty pounds, as a composition made by arbiters for the relief of the 
lands of Branzet, Ballinkeir, Kyrkmychell, and Blarnarne. Dated at Crag- 
barnarde, 15th January 1488 262 

60. Charter by Colin Campbel of Achowye, to William Styrling, son and heir 

apparent of William Styrling of Cadder, and Elizabeth Bochquhanne his 
spouse, and their heirs, of the lands of Kyrkmechall and Blarnarne ; 
which had been resigned by William Styrling of Cadder : To hold of the 
granter and her heirs for the service contained in the old infeftments. Dated 
at Kyrkinechall, 25th July 1493 263 

61. Instrument of Resignation by William Striueling of Kere, of the lands of Kere, 

the tower and place of Kere, and the lands of Kippanedavy, Classingall, 
Strowe, Lupnoch, Raterne-Striueling, and Dalchlewane, and an annualrent of 
forty shillings from the lands of Kippanerate, all in the earldom of Strath- 
erne, in the hands of King James IV., that they might be erected in a barony, 
to be called the Barony of Kere. Done in the Royal Chamber in the Castle 
of Striueling, at nine hours before noon, on 9th January 1488 264 

62. Charter by King James IV., whereby, after narrating that it had been shown to 

him and the Lords of his Privy Council, that his deceased father James III. 
(whose soul might God pardon), had, instigated by evil councillors, during his 
last residence at the town of Striueling, burnt the tower and place of Kere, be- 
longing to the King's beloved familiar, Sir William Striueling of Kere, Knight ; 
and that the said William had stated to the King and his council, that his 
charters and infeftments had been burnt and destroyed in the said tower, and 
had also shown to them a retour of his lands which held of the King in blench- 
farm : the King, willing that the said William should not suffer damage or 

' e 



XXX ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. [1488-1498. 

Page 
prejudice by the destruction of his charters, but rather that lie, for his faith- 
ful service, should be of new infeft in his lands, granted to him the above 
lands and annualrent, which had been resigned as above, and created and 
united them in a free barony, to be called the Barony of Kere : To be held by 
William and his heirs, for giving yearly a pair of gilt spurs at the tower and 
place of Kere, on the feast of St. John the Baptist, in summer, in name of 
blench-farm, if asked. Dated at Striueling, 9th January 1488 265 

63. Instrument of Sasine given by John Ruthven of Cragingal, baillie and depute 

of William Lord Ruthven, sheriff of Perth (by command of the King's 
brieve of sasine), to John Boquhannan, son of the deceased Walter Bo- 
quhannan, of the lands of Pytquhonerte. Dated 10th November 1490 267 

64. Charter by King James IV. to John Striueling, son and heir apparent of William 

Striueling of Kere, Knight, of the barony of Kere which had been resigned 
by William in the King's hands : To be held by John and his heirs, for service 
use and wont : Reserving the liferent of William and the terce of Margaret 
Creichtoun his spouse, when it should happen. Dated at the Castle of Meware 
in Ardmurquhane, 18th May 1495 268 

65. Notarial Instrument, whereby Alexander Kynross and John Kinross, his son and 

apparent heir, placed themselves under the control of Sir William Stryueling 
of Kere, Knight, and his heirs, concerning the government and rule of their 
persons, and their entry to the lordship of Kyppanross, and the disposal 
thereof as Sir William and his heirs should please ; except the sale thereof 
and the exhereditation of the said Alexander and John and their heirs : and 
swore that they and their heirs would, from the date thereof, be faithful 
men for ever to the said knight and his heirs, and thereupon did homage as 
use was in like cases; and if they should fail, they would, besides performance, 
pay five hundred pounds to Sir William and his heirs as damages and ex- 
penses. Done in the chamber of Sir James Belses, Sub-Dean of Dunblane, 
within the city of Dunblane, at ten hours before noon, on 15th December 1497, 269 

66. Letter of Reversion by John of Buchquhanan of Glassingall, son to umquhile 

Walter of Buchquhanan of Petquhonerte, to Robert of Buchquhanan of Lane, 
of the lands of Lane, called the Fermouris Landis, and the mill of Lane, lying 
in the Stewartry of Menteth, on payment of 200 merks on the high altar of the 
parish kirk of Lane, he, his heirs or assignees, receiving fifteen days warning 
at the parish kirk of Lane on a solemn day, in time of high mass. Dated at 
the Parish Kirk of Lane, 16th June 1498 270 



1498-1501.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, Ac. XXxi 

Page 

67. Instrument of Resignation by Andrew Vod of Blayrtoune, procurator of John 

Buchquhanan of Pytquhonerty, of the lands of Pytquhonerty, in the shire of 
Perth, in the hands of King James IV. in favour of Robert Buchquhanan of 
Lany : Done in the College of St. Mary, near Dunbertan, at three hours after 
noon, on 17th June 1498 271 

68. Contract between Sir Patrick Hwme of Polworcht, Knight, and Sir William 

Striueling of the Kere, Knight, whereby they agree that John of Striueling, 
son and apparent heir of Sir William, should marry Margaret Home, daughter 
of Sir Patrick, and failing her, Sibbale Home her sister, and so forth, as long- 
as Sir Patrick had a lawful daughter, until the completion of the marriage, 
' at the lauchfule age of the said barnis, the maill beying of fourtene yeris, 
and the femell twelf yeris ; ' and that Sir William should give in conjunct 
infeftment to his son and his spouse, twenty pounds worth of his lands of 
Strathallone, in the shire of Perth ; and as these lands were in wadset, would 
infeft them in as much of either the lands of Lumbany or Balquhomry, as 
Sir Patrick should please, until Strathallone was redeemed. For the which 
Sir Patrick bound himself to pay 450 merks to Sir William of Murray of 
Tulibardine, Knight, and John of Kynross of Kippane Ross, the heir of 
umquhile Jonet of Kinross of Kippane Ross, for the discharge of a reversion 
(containing £133, 13s. 4d.) of the lands of Lubnoch, made by umquhile Sir 
William of Striueling of Reterne, Knight, father of Sir William, to the said 
umquhile Jonet : And in security of the completion of the marriage, Sir Wil- 
liam was to infeft Sir Patrick in the lands of Balquhomry, in the barony of 
Leslie and shire of Fife, to be held of him and his heirs iu blench-farm 
for two pennies, and reserving half an acre to do the over lord service : And as 
Agnes Bruce had the liferent of ten pounds worth of Balquhomry, Sir William 
would, in warrandice thereof, infeft Sir Patrick in the lands of Lumbany, in 
the barony of Banbrech and shire of Fif, the lands of Glenty, in the shire 
of Percht, and his forty shilling annualrent from Kippane Rait ; and Sir 
Patrick would give his letter of reversion to resign the whole lands on the 
completion of the marriage ; but if the marriage should fail by decease 
of John, or of the daughters of Sir Patrick, or if the King should obtain 
John's marriage by decease of Sir William, then the lands should be re- 
deemable on payment of 400 merks ; or on payment of 700 merks if the 
marriage should fail ' be dissent or wilfulnes of the said Jhonne or Wil- 
liam his fader;' and Sir Patrick should not enter into possession until the 
completion of the marriage, or failure thereof as above. Dated at Edinburgh, 
30th March 1501 272 



XSxii ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. [1502-1504. 

Page 

69. Contract between John of Styrling of Cragbernard, Comptroller to the King, George 

Styrling, his son and apparent heir, and Elizabeth Park, spouse of George, on 
the one part, and Alexander Craufurd of Kylwynnat, on the other part, relative 
to the excainbion between the parties, of the half lands of Spango, in the barony 
and sheriffdom of Renfrew, belonging to the first parties, for the lands of Kyl- 
wynnat, in the earldom of the Lennax and sheriffdom of Stirling, belonging to 
the second party ; and as Kylwynnat was of greater value than Spango, John 
of Styrling was to pay Alexander Craufurd 100 merks within forty days there- 
after. Dated at Glasgow, 1st May 1502. (Orig. Olorat Charter Chest) 275 

70. Procuratory by said George Striueling, and Elizabeth Pork, to William Scott of 

Balwery, Knight, Alexander Lawdir, Provost of Edinburgh, and others, for 
resigning their lands of Kilwynnet in the hands of Matthew, Earl of Lewinax, 
Lord Dernele, their superior. Dated at Edinburgh, 16th March 1502. {Orig. 
Glorat Charter Chest) 276 

71. Bond by John Striueling of Cragbernarde, to Elizabeth Park, spouse of George 

Striueling, his son and apparent heir ; whereby, after narrating that Elizabeth 
had resigned her lands of Killvynnet, in favour of John and his heirs-male, 
which failing the heirs-male to be gotten between George and Elizabeth ; he 
binds himself, that if Elizabeth should have no heirs-male, but only daughters, 
who would have succeeded to Cragbernarde and Killvynnet but for the said 
tailzie ; if there should be but one daughter, he or his heirs-male would marry 
her to a man of as great a living as Cragbernarde and Kyllwinet, and if there 
should be more daughters than one, each should be married to a man of as 
great a living as she would have had from the said lands, were it not for the 
said tailzie ; under the penalty of £100 to each of the daughters. Dated at 
Edinburgh, 18th March 1502. (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 277 

72. Precept by Thomas Hume of Langschaw, Knight, for infefting John Striueling 

of Cragbernard, Knight, in the lands of Quhitleys, within the lordship of 
Stewartoune and shire of Ayr, in terms of the charter given him thereupon. 
Dated at Edinburgh, 27th August 1503. (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 279 

73. Discharge by George Campbell, son and apparent heir to George Campbell of 

Cesnok, to Sir John Striueling of Cragbernard, Knight, of the warrandice of 
the lands of Quhitleys, which had been sold by Sir John to George and Janet 
Montgumry, his spouse. Dated at Edinburgh, 22nd December 1504. (Orig. 
Glorat Charter Chest) 280 



1505-1506.] ABSTBACT OF CHAHTEES, &C. XXxiil 

Page 

74. Precept directed by William of Striuelyne, Laird of Cadder, to Master John of 

Striuelyne, Chaplain (and Curate of Cadder), and others his Baillies, for 
giving liferent sasine of the lands of Cragbrey, in the barony of Berune Bogall 
and shire of Lithgou, to his loved friend, William of Hammiltoune in Kyn- 
cauyill. Dated at Cader, 27th December 1505 281 

75. Precept directed by Robert (Blacader) Archbishop of Glasgow, to his brother- 

german, Sir Baldred Blacader, for infefting William Striueling, son of the 
deceased William Striueling of Cadder, as heir of his father, in the lands 
of Cadder, which held of the Metropolitan Church of Glasgow, and the 
Prelates thereof for the time, for payment of £4 yearly, and £2 for the light 
of St. Mungo, and three suits in three head courts yearly, with other due 
services used and wont; and had been in the hands of the Archbishop as 
superior, for forty days, since the death of the said William. Dated at 
Glasgow, 23rd March 1505 281 

76. Retour of the Service before Nicholas Craufurd, sheriff-depute of Linlithgow, 

of William Striuelyne, as heir of the deceased William Striuelyne of Cadder, 
his father, in the lands of Cragbrey, which were then valued at six merks, and 
in time of peace at forty shillings, and held of the baron of Dummany in 
blench-farm, for giving yearly a pound of pepper, with three suits of court at 
three head pleas of the barony of Dummany, in name of blench-farm, if asked ; 
and the fee thereof had been in the King's hands, through ward, since the 
decease of John Movbray, heir of Sir David Moybra ; and the free tenement 
had been in the hands of the said Sir David Movbray of Dummany, Knight, 
through reservation, since the death of William Striuelyne, three months 
before. Dated at Linlithgow, 9th May 1506 282 

77. Retour of the Service before Matthew, Earl of Leuenax, Lord Demle, and sheriff 

of Dunbertane, of William Strivelyne, as heir of the deceased William 
Striueling of Cadder, his father, in the lands of Branzeid and Bawincleir, in 
the earldom of Leuenax and shire of Dunbertane, which were then valued at 
£20, and in time of peace at nine merks, held of Colin Campbell of Achinoye, 
for the service of ward and relief, and had been in his hands since the death 
of William, three months before. Dated at Dunbertane, 12th May 1506 283 

78. Instrument of Resignation by David Someruaile of Plane, of part of one-seventh 

part of the lands of Glorett, within the earldom of Levynnax, and shire of 
Dunbertane, in the hands of Matthew, Earl of Levynnax, in favour of 



XXxiv ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, Ac. [1507-1508. 

Page 
John Striueling of Craigbernard, Knight, and his heirs ; and moreover, David 

bound himself .to give to John a letter of warrandice of the said lands against 

the laird of Bord and all others. Done within the new building of the King's, 

near the monastery of Holyrood of Edinburgh, 9th February 1507. (Orig. 

Glorat Charter Chest) 284 

79. Charter by Matthew, Earl of Levinax, Lord Dernlie, to John Striueling of 

Cragbernard, Knight, his heirs and assignees, of the lands of Glorat, extend- 
ing yearly to nine pounds ten shillings and fivepence halfpenny of land, 
part of which lands had belonged to the Earl by the resignation of James 
Flemyng of Borde, and the remainder had been resigned by Elizabeth Kincaid 
of that Ilk, spouse of Thomas Kincaid, James Turnbule, David Someruile of 
Plane, Christian Hepburne, and Margaret Hepburne, spouse of Walter Sellar : 
To be held for giving three suits of court, at the three head pleas held yearly 
at Balloch, and ward, relief, and marriage, when they should happen. Dated 
at Edinburgh, 27th May 1503. (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 285 

80. Charter of Confirmation by Matthew Earl of Lieuenax and Lord Dernlie, of a 

Charter by John Striueling of Cragbernard, Knight, whereby, for the praise, 
glory, and honour of Almighty God, the glorious Virgin Mary, and all the 
saints of Paradise, for the safety and prosperity of King James IV., and after 
his death for the souls of himself, his ancestors, and successors, for the souls 
of Matthew Earl of Levenax, the deceased Andrew Stewart, Lord Avandale, 
Chancellor of Scotland, Colin Earl of Argyle, Lord Campbell, George Abir- 
nethy, provost of the collegiate church of Dunbertane, and Alexander 
Stewart of Avandale, and for the souls of the granter himself, Margaret 
Abyrnethy his spouse, their fathers, mothers, and children, and for the souls of 
all to whom he was indebted in this world ; he grants to God, the Virgin Mary, 
all the saints of Paradise, and to a chaplain to serve God in the parish church 
of Campsi, and in a chapel founded by him in honour of the Virgin Mary 
within his place of Cragbernard, an annualrent of twelve merks and ten 
shillings to be yearly taken from his lands of Cragbernard and Glorat : To be 
held in perpetual alms. The chaplain was to reside continuously, and if he 
should be absent for fifteen days together, the chaplainry should be vacant ; he 
was to serve in Campsi Church three days in the week, and in the Chapel four 
days, and should exhort the people at every mass to say a Pater Noster and 
Ave Maria for the above souls : he should not keep a concubine in his house, 
and if this should be known, the chaplainry should become vacant; and on 
its becoming vacant, the granter and his heirs should present a chaplain within 



1508.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, etc. XXXV 

Page 
twenty days : the chaplain was on every Saturday to say Placebo and Dirige, 

with the usual collects, for the said souls: and ten shillings of the annualrent 

was to be expended in bread, wine, and candles, for the service of the mass. 

The charter and its confirmation are both dated at the Earl's place of Inchen- 

nen, 6th June 1508. ' (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 286 

81. Charter by Matthew, Earl of Leuenax and Lord Dernly, to his beloved servant, 

William Stryueling, son of his beloved cousin, John Stryueling of Cragber- 
nard, Knight, of the lands of Glorat, in the earldom of Levenax, and shire of 
Dunbertane, which had been resigned by John in the earl's hands, at the 
lands of Gonze in Kilsyth : To be held by William and the heirs-male of 
his body ; whom failing, by Walter Stryueling, his brother, and the heirs- 
male of his body ; whom failing, by the said John Stryueling, his heirs and 
assignees whomsoever, for giving three suits of court at Ballach ; and six 
merks to the chaplain at the chapel of Cragbernard and the parish church 
of Campsy : Reserving the liferent of said lands to said John Stryueling, 
and a reasonable terce to his spouse. Dated at Inchynane, 10th October 
1508. (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 288 

82. Charter of Mortification by John Striueling of Kere, Knight; whereby in aug- 

mentation of divine worship, and moved by charity, for the praise and honour 
of God Almighty, the Virgin Mary, St. Anne her mother, and all the saints 
of the heavenly choir, for the health of the souls of James IV. King of Scots, 
Margaret Queen of Scotland, his spouse, their children, ancestors, and suc- 
cessors ; and for the health of the souls of Lucas Striueling, Sir William 
Striueling, and Sir William Striueling, Knights, John's grandfather and 
father, Margaret Cunynghame his grandmother, Margaret Creichtoun, Lady 
Sympile, his mother, and Catherine Striueling, Countess of Angus, his sister, 
and for the health of his own soul and those of his wife, their ancestors and 
successors, and for the souls of all faithful dead ; he grants to Almighty God, 
the blessed Virgin Mary, mother of God, and all saints, and to her altar on 
the north side of the nave of the cathedral church of Dunblane, and to Sir 
Thomas Myllar and Sir Archibald Balcomy, chaplains, and their successors, 
chaplains at the said altar, an annualrent of twenty pounds from the lands 
of Schanraw, Wodland, and Kippinerate, and the mills of Strowy and Kcir, 
within the shire of Perth : To be held to the said chaplains and their 

1 This charter was also confirmed by a charter, under the Great Seal of King James IV., dated at 
Edinburgh 7th June 1508. 



XXXVI ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. [1509-1510. 

Page 
successors in perpetual alms, for performing divine service at the said altar, 

either personally or by a chaplain licenced by the granter and his heirs, as 
patrons ; and the said chaplains were to reside in the city of Dunblane, and 
celebrate continually divine service there, and- if they should fail to do so for 
two months without licence, the chaplainries should be void : The presentation 
to the chaplainries should pertain to Margaret Creichtoun, mother of the 
granter, for her life, and after her death to him and his heirs ; and the col- 
lation should pertain to the Bishop of Dunblane and his successors : but if 
the patron should not present a chaplain within two months after a vacancy, 
the presentation should devolve, for that time only, on the Bishop of 
Dunblane for the time. Dated at Dunblane, 2nd October 1509 289 

83. Charter by William Menteth of West Kers, Knight, to William Striueling of 

Cader, of the lands of Vchiltreis, with the manor and mill thereof, in the 
barony of West Kers and shire of Striueling ; which had formerly belonged to 
the said William Striueling, and held of the granter as lord of the said 
barony : which barony had been recognosced in the King's hands, on account 
of the alienation of the greater part thereof without his licence ; but which 
recognition had been compounded for by the granter, who had received licence 
to alienate the same to his tenants : To be held by William Striueling, his 
heirs and assignees, for ward and relief, and three suits yearly at three head 
pleas of the barony. Dated at Edinburgh, 7th February 1509 291 

84. Discharge by William Menteth of the Kers, Knight, to William Striuelyng, 

Laird of Cadder, for three score and ten merks, in part payment of a greater 
sum, for the discharge of the recognition of the lands of Huchiltre by the King. 
Dated at Aluetht, 3rd June 1510 292 

85. Indenture between Robert Lord Erskin and William Striuelyng of Glorat, 

keeper of the Castle of Dunbertane, narrating that William had delivered to 
Lord Erskine the said Castle, with the gear and goods thereof, mentioned 
in the indenture, as proper goods pertaining to the King, by reason of 
the keeping of the said Castle. Dated at the said Castle, 24th June 1510. 
(Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 293 

86. Decree Arbitral by William [Elphinston] Bishop of Aberdeen, Andrew [Stewart] 

Bishop of Caithness, David [Hamilton] Bishop of Argyle, George [Hepburn] 
Postulate of the Isles, Matthew Earl of Levinax, and Master James Henrison 
of Stratonhall, Justice Clerk ; finding that John Hamiltoun of Pardowy, 



1510-1513.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &0. XXXvii 

Page 
John Logan of Gartconvel and others, who had bought the lands of Blacharne 

and others, from Thomas Galbraith of Balkindroeh, had expended 600 ruerks 

for his sustentation, and ordaining them to pay the King 900 merks for 

confirming their rights, and to give the said Thomas reversions to the said 

lands, and the latter was to have a brieve of idiotry served on him, and 

be interdicted from alienating of his lands, and the said persons were, 

among them, to pay him £20 yearly during his life, for his support. 

Dated at Edinburgh, 8th November 1510 294 

87. Charter by Alexander Lord Hwyme, to his beloved uncle Adam Creichtoun of 

Rothvvens, Knight, and Isabella Gray, his spouse, of the half lands of Inner- 
alloun, within the sheriffdom of Streueling, and barony of Howyme : To 
be held for payment of a penny Scots in name of blench-farm. Dated at 
Edinburgh, 4th April 1510 295 

88. Precept of Sasine by Alexander Lord Hume, Great Chamberlain of Scotland, for 

infefting his beloved Catherine Striueling, daughter of the deceased William 
Striueling of Keir, Knight, in the liferent, and John Hume, the son of the 
granter by Catherine, in the fee of the lands of Innerallone, in terms of a 
charter made to them thereupon. Dated at Edinburgh, 11th June 1513 296 

89. Letter of Reversion by Walter Forestare of the Torwoude, Knight, to John of 

Striuelyng of the Kere, Knight, of the lands of Dachlewane, on payment of 
200 merks on the high altar of the parish kirk of Striueling ; he, his heirs or 
assignees, receiving forty days' previous warning, and if they should fail to 
appear, the sum to be consigned for their behoof in the hands of the provost 
or baillies of Striueling. Dated at Edinburgh, 18th July 1 51 3 297 

90. Decree by the Lords of Council, finding that the lands of Lupno, Dauchlewan, 

and Raterne Striueling, otherwise called the Cogis of Straithalloun, belonging 
to Sir John Striueling of the Keir, Knight, and held of the King by service of 
ward and relief, had, notwithstanding the annexation thereof to the barony 
of Kere, been recognosced in his lands through the alienation of the greater 
part thereof without his consent. Dated at Edinburgh, 12th May 1513 298 

91. Assignation by Marion Muschet, lady of the full third of the lands of Lany, to 

Patryk Buchquhannan of Lany, her ' neuo,' of her third of the lands of Lany, 
and her terce of the lands of Ester and Wester Laydmurquharteis, during her 
life ; he sustaining her in meat, drink, and clothes during her life ; and also 

/ 



XXXVl'ii ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, Ac. [1513-1515. 

Page 
giving to him all her debts, with power to uplift them. Dated at Lany, 23rd 

November 1513 298 

92. Notarial Instrument, narrating that John, Lord of Erskin, sheriff of Striueling, 

had, in terms of the King's brieve of division, elected an inquest, to find 
whether Alexander Lord Hume, and Great Chamberlain of Scotland, had 
right to the half of the lands of Innerallone, who found that he had ; where- 
upon the said sheriff, after casting lots, gave the Lord Hume the sunny side 
of the said lands. Done in the Courthouse of Striueling, 3rd October 1514, 299 

93. Obligation by John, Earl of Leuinax and Lord Dernlie, to his trusty cousin and 

familiar servitor, William Stryueling of Glorat, whereby for his having obtained 
the Castale of Dunbertane for the Earl, and for his faithful and thankful 
service clone to him, the Earl binds himself to infeft William in the lands of the 
Kepoch, within the earldom of Leuenax, and shire of Dunbertane, to be holden 
for a penny of blench-farm ; and also to obtain the renunciation thereof by 
' my lady our moder;' under the penalty of 500 merks. Dated at Dunber- 
tane, 3rd February 1514. (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 301 

94. Grant by John, Earl of Leuenax and Lord Dernle, to his trusty cousin and 

familiar servitor, William Stryuelyng of Gloret, of the office of Captain and 
Keeper of the Castle of Dunbertane during his life ; with the profits per- 
taining thereto. Dated at Dunbertane, 6th February 1514. (Orig. Glorat 
Charter Chest) 302 

95. Letters of Gift under the Privy Seal, by King James V., with consent of John 

Duke of Albany, Protector and Governor of the realm, to John Striueling 
of the Keir, of the nonentry of the half lands of Brekland Kinloch, in the shire 
of Perth and stewartry of Menteth, and then in the King's hands through 
nonentry, until the lawful heir should enter. Dated at Edinburgh, 10th 
October 1515 303 

96. Decree by the Lords of Council, ordaining John of Kinross as heir to uniquhile 

Jonet Kinross of Kippenross, to infeft John Striueling of the Keir, Knight, 
in as good land, in as competent a place, as freely holden, and of as great 
avail, as the lands of Lubnoch, which had been granted by the said Jonet 
Kinross to umquhile William Striuling, grandfather of the said John 
Striueling, with clause of warrandice ; but had notwithstanding been recog- 
nosced in the King's hands, through the alienation thereof without his con- 



1515-1517.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, Ac. XXxix 

Page 
sent ; or otherwise to pay to John Striueling 650 merks for the warrandice 

of Lubnoch, which was the composition that would have been payable to the 

King and his treasurer for the said recognition. Dated at Edinburgh, 15th 

February 1515 305 

97. Contract between Sir John Striueling of the Keir, and John Kinross of 

Kippenross, whereby, after narrating the above decree, Sir John remitted 
to John £100 of the above 650 merks ; and as John had not the re- 
mainder in ready money, he bound himself to infeft Sir John and his heirs 
in the lands of Auchlochy, in the shire of Perth, and in his lands of Spittal 
Croft and Merzonis Akir, at the Brigend of Dunblane ; and as half of Auch- 
lochy was wadset to Walter Stewart for 110 merks, he would assign the 
reversion to Sir John that he might redeem the same; all under reversion 
to John, on payment of 610 merks on the high altar of the cathedral kirk of 
Dunblane : And Sir John thereby discharged all obligation and bonds he 
had of John before the date thereof. Dated at Striueling, 10th April 1516, 306 

98. Tack by Henry, Abbot of Lindoris, and the Convent thereof, to Sir John 

Strevelinge of the Kere, Knight, of the lands of Benee and Catkin, with the 
teind sheaves thereof, in the shire of Perth, and regality of Lindoris, for nineteen 
years from Whitsunday then next, for the yearly payment of £12 Scots, 
multures to their mill of all corns growing on the land, ' harreage, careage,' 
and due service. Dated at Lindoris, 16th September 1516 309 

99. Charter by King James V. with consent of the Regent Albany, to Isobella Gra} r , 

relict of the deceased Adam Creichtoun of Rothvenis, Knight, and her heirs, 
of the half lands of Inneralloun, which had been formerly held by her and 
her spouse of the deceased Alexander Lord Hume, who held immediately 
of the King, and then pertained to the King by the escheat and forfeiture of 
Lord Hume, who had been convicted of high treason and executed ; and as 
Isabella was innocent of Lis crimes, the King willed that his forfeiture should 
not prejudice her infeftmont : To be held for services used and wont before 
the forfeiture. Dated at Edinburgh, 18th November 1516 310 

100. Charter of Confirmation by King James V., with consent of the Regent Albany, 

of a charter by Isabella Gray, Lady of Dudop, and relict of Adam Creich- 
toune of Ruthvenis, to John Striueling of Kere, and his heirs, of the half lands 
of Inneralloun : To be held for service used and wont. Charter dated at Edin- 
burgh, 13th March 1516. Confirmation dated at Edinburgh, 26th March 1517, 31 1 



xl ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, Ac. [1517-1522. 

Page 

101. Letter by King James V., appointing John Birsbane of Bischoptoun, William 

Flemyng of Bolghall, and others, attorneys for Marjory Birsbane, spouse of 
William Striueling of Glorat. Dated at Edinburgh, 20th April 1517 313 

102. Indenture between John of Striueling of the Kere, Knight, and John of Kyn- 

ross of Kippaneross, whereby John renounces his Summons of Reduction of 
the Decree of Warrandice of Lupnoch, No. 96 ; ratines the Instrument of 
Manrent and Service by himself and umquhile Alexander Kynros, his father, 
No. 65 ; and binds himself to pay to Sir John 200 French crowns of gold, or 
else 14 shillings for each crown : For which Sir John discharges the penalty 
of £500, contained in the said Instrument of Manrent, and approves the 
discharge of £100 contained in another Indenture between them (No. 97) ; and 
binds himself to defend John anent the houses and croft of Spetalis Croft and 
Maryonis Akir, and in his just quarrels and actions with William of Murray 
of Tulibardin, Knight : And notwithstanding the reversion of Auchlochy con- 
tained 610 merks, Sir John would be satisfied with 500 merks, and a letter of 
assedation of the lands after the outquitting of the same. Dated at Edinburgh, 
15th March 1518 313 

103. Precept by John Earl of Lauenax for infefting John Striueling, as heir of 

the deceased George Striueling of Cragbernard, his father, in the lands of 
Estir Ballevin, within the earldom of Lauenax, and shire of Dunbertane. 
Dated at Glasgw, 18th April 1520. (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 316 

104. Notarial Instrument, narrating that James (Chisholm) Bishop of Dunblane, with 

consent of his chapter, erected the nine chaplainries in the choir of his cathe- 
dral church into perpetual chaplainries ; and collated Sir Thomas Watson, chap- 
lain, to the first chaplainry of Keir within the said choir. Dated 14th May 1522, 317 

105. Grant by James (Bethune) Archbishop of Glasgow, Chancellor of Scotland, 

to John Striueling of the Keir, Knight, of the ward of Cadder, which had 
pertained to umquhile Andrew Striueling of Cadder, and were then, through 
his decease, in the Archbishop's hands, as superior ; together with the marriage 
of Janet, daughter and heir of Andrew. Dated at Edinburgh 15th September, 
and confirmed by the canons of Glasgow, met in their chapter house, after 
the sound of the bell, on Saturday, the last of February 1522 318 

106. Grant by James (Bethune), Archbishop of Glasgow, Chancellor of Scotland, 

to John Striueling of the Keir, Knight, of the ward of the lands of Cadder, 



1522-1525.1 ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. x \[ 

Page 
which had pertained to umquhile Andrew Striueling of Cadder, until the 

entry of the lawful heir. Dated at Edinburgh, 14th October 1522 319 

107. Ratification by Gavin (Dunbar), Archbishop of Glasgow, of the above Gift, 

notwithstanding Marjory Cunynghame, the lady of conjunct fee of part of 
Cadder, had since died. Dated at Edinburgh, 16th February 1524 320 

108. Precept by William Balfour of Buchopill, for infefting Walter Grahame, son 

of the deceased Malise Earl of Menteth, and Marjory Campbell, spouse of 
Walter, in conjunct infeftment, in the lands of Drongy, &c. Dated at 
Striueling, 17th June 1523 321 

109. Gift by Colin Campbell of Aucbinhowe to William Striuiling of Glorat, of the 

ward of the lands of Branzait, then in his hands, as lord of the same, by the 
decease of umquhile Andrew Striuiling of Cadder, until Andrew's daughter 
should be of lawful age. Dated at Glasgow, 10th October 1523 322 

110. Bond of Manrent by Laurence Craufurd of Kilbarny and Hew Craufurd his 

son, with consent of his father, to John Striueling of Keer, Knight, and James 
Striueling his son and apparent heir, for all the days of their lifetimes. 
Dated at Edinburgh, 26th October 1524 323 

111. Charter by John Earl of Levinax to John Striuiling of Keir, Knight, his heirs 

and assignees, of the superiority of the lands of Bardowy, &c, and the 
patronage of Bothernok, &c, in the lordship of Levinax, and shire of Dun- 
bertane, pertaining to John Hammyltoun of Bardowy, in property and 
tenandry, and held of the Earl of Levinax : To be held for services used 
and wont. Dated at Edinburgh last February 1524 324 

112. Grant by King James V. with consent of the Queen his mother, to John Earl of 

Lennox, Lord Darnley, to be Captain, Constable, and Keeper of the Castle of 
Dumbartoun, for the space of five years, with power to make constables, &c. 
Dated at Edinburgh, 21st August 1525. (Copy in Glorat Charier Chest) ... 324 

113. Gift by King James V. with advice of the Lords of the Privy Council, chosen 

by the three Estates of Parliament, to his beloved familiar, John Striueling 
of the Keir, Knight, his heirs and assignees, for his good and thankful service 
done to the King, of £600, which were adjudged by arbiters to be paid by 
John Hammyltoun of Bardowy and others, to the king's umquhile father 



x lii ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. [1526-1529. 

Page 
(James IV.) for his confirmation of the lands of BaLkindrocht, &c, accord- 
ing to the decree, No. 86. Signed by the King and by the Archbishop 
of St. Andrews, the Bishop of Dunblane, and the Earls of Angus, Lennox, 
and Argyle, at Edinburgh, in the thirteenth year of 
his reign (1526) 325 

114. Licence by King James V. to John Striueling of Keir, Knight, to sell or wadset 

the superiority of the lands of Bardowe, to James Hammiltoun of Fynnart, 
Knight, who held them of John Striueling, who held them of the King. Given 
under the Privy Seal and Sign Manual at Edinburgh, 28th January 1526 327 

115. Obligation by James Hammyltoun of Fynnard, Kuight, to John Striueling of 

the Keer, Knight, whereby, after narrating that Sir John had become bound 
to infeft Sir James in the lands of Perdowy, &c, to be held of the King, 
which pertained to Sir James in superiority, and to John Hamyltoun of Per- 
dowy in property, he binds himself to renounce the warrandice thereof, if it 
should be found that umquhile John Earl of Leuinax (Sir John's author), 
had no right thereto : and also, not to molest William Striueling of the Gloret 
in the right of the marriage of the heritor of Perdowy, disponed by Sir John 
to him. Dated at Perth, 8th February 1526 328 

116. Gift by James Hammiltoun of Fynnart, Knight, Captain of the Castle of Dun- 

bertane, to William Stirling of Glorat, as his depute in said office for seven- 
teen years (in consideration of £300). Dated at Lythgw, 19th March 1527. 
{Orig. Glorat Charter Gliest) 329 

117. Letters by King James V. under his Privy Seal and Sign Manual, promising 

to receive John Striueling of the Keir, Knight, as his heritable tenant of the 
lands of Litill Cog and corn mill of the Coggs, in the shire of Perth, when 
he should redeem them from the heirs of umquhile Walter Forester of 
Garden. Dated at Striueling, 27th May 1528 330 

118. Tack by James Sandelandis of Crewy, to John Striueling of the Keir, Knight, of 

the lands of BroMand Kinlocht, for five years from Whitsunday then next, for 
payment yearly often merits. Dated at Newerk, 21st April 1529 331 

1 19. Grant by King James V. to John Striueling of Keir, Knight, of the marriage 

of Jonet Striueling, daughter and heir of umquhile Andrew Striueling of 
Caddcr. Dated at Edinburgh, 22nd July 1529 332 



1531.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. xliji 

Page 

120. Charter by John Striueling of Keir, Knight, to Master Adam Otterhurne of 

Auldhame, Provost of Edinburgh, and King's Advocate, his heirs and assignees, 
of the lands of Balquhumry and Arnettis Croft, in the barony of Leslie and 
shire of Fife : To be held of George Earl of Rothes, Lord Leslie, and his 
heirs, Barons and Lords of Leslie, in blench-farm. Dated 1531, 333 

121. Instrument of Renunciation by James Hammiltoun of Fynnart, Knight, in the 

hands of King James V., of the nonentry and ward of the lands of Crukisfee, 
&c, within the shire of Renfrew, except the tenandries of John Lord Erskyn, 
and Robert Stewart of Mynto ; and of the marriage of Matthew Earl of 
Leuenax, son and heir of the deceased John Earl of Leuenax, in favour of 
the said Earl Matthew : and also the office of keeper or captain of the Castle 
of Dunbertane, in favour of the said Earl, his heirs and assignees; reserving 
the assignation thereof to William Striueling of Glorat : Done in the inner 
royal chamber, within the monastery of Holyrood, 28th April 1531. (Orig. 
Qlorat Charter Chest) 334 

122. Act of the Court of Justiciary, held at Dunbertane, on Monday 23rd October 

1531, before John, Lord Erskiu, and John Campbell of Lundy, Knight, the 
King's justices, in the absence of Archibald, Earl of Argyle, Lord Campbell, 
and Lome, Justice-General ; whereby William Striueling of Glorat finds John 
Striueling of Cragbernard and himself sureties to satisfy the parties, for his 
oppression of William Edmonstone of Duntreicht, b}' withholding from him 
his place of Duntreicht for three years. (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 335 

123. Renunciation by Alexander Bishop of Murray, Commendator of the Abbeys of 

Scwne and Inchaifray, for himself and his convent of Scone, to John Striue- 
ling of the Keir, Knight, of the lands of Strowe, which they had apprised 
for certain sums which he should have paid them for their teind pennies of 
the office of sheriffship of Perth, during the three years he received them. 
Dated at Edinburgh, 4th May 1531 336 

124. Letters directed by the Official of Lothian, to the Curate of Edinburgh or 

any other chaplain, ordaining him to excommunicate in his church, before 
the people in time of mass, John Kynross of Kippenross, for not fulfilling a 
contract between him and John Striueling of Keir, Knight. Dated at Edin- 
burgh, 1st May 1531, with Executions affixed (both dated on Whitsunday), 
by Robert Cristeson, curate of Striueling, that he had excommunicated John 
Kynross within the parish church of Striueling, and by Thomas Millar, chap- 
lain, that he had made personal intimation thereof to John Kynross 33G 



K li v ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. [1531-1532. 

Page 

125. Decree by Thomas Mailwill, commissary of the Official of Lothian, absolving 

John Striuiling of Keir from the sentence of excommunication against him 
at the instance of John Kynross of Kippaneross, for not fulfilling the contract, 
No. 102, and condemning the latter in the expenses of process. Dated 7th 
December 1531 337 

126. Decree by the Official of Lothian, finding that John Kynross of Kippenross 

ought not to be absolved from the sentence of excommunication pronounced 
against him for not fulfilling the contract, No. 102, and condemning him in the 
expenses of process. Pronounced in the usual place of consistory, being St. 
Martin's Aisle, in the church of St. Giles of Edinburgh, 7th August 1532 338 

127. Claim by John Striueling of Keir, against the Laird of Kippenross, whereby 

he claims fulfilment of the contract, No. 102, the penalty of £500 in the 
instrument, No. 65, three years' profit of Lupnoch, and the expenses of his 
processes 339 

128. Resignation by Alan Hammiltoun of Bardowy (in consideration of £1000), 

of an acre of land at the east end of the mains of Bardowy, and the patro- 
nage of the kirk of Badeirnok, in the hands of James Hammiltoun of 
Fynnart, Knight, his superior. Dated at Hamyltoun, 21st May 1531 340 

129. Contract between Marion Maxwell, Lady of Bardowe, and Alan Hamiltoun 

of Bardowe, her son, on the one part, and John Logan of Balwee on the other 
part, whereby they choose Patrick Maxwell of Ne work, and William Striueling 
of Glorat, captain of Dunbertane, as arbiters, to decide all slaughters, hurts, 
and debates, between them and their kin, friends, servants, and partakers. 
Dated at Dunbertane, 17th June 1 531 341 

130. Instrument of Resignation by Margaret Striueling and Marjory Striueling, 

daughters and heirs of the deceased Robert Striueling of Welcoyg, of their 
lands of Welcoig, within the barony of Keir, in the hands of John Striueling 
of Keir, Knight, their superior, ad perpetuam remanentiam. Done in the 
parish church of Donyng, at six hours after noon, on 2nd July 1531 342 

131. Gift by Matthew, Earl of Lennox, with consent of William Striueling of 

Glorat, his curator, to John Striueling of the Keir, Knight, of the non-entry 
of the lands of Auchinhowye, &c, in the shire of Striueling, and the lands of 
Blarnayrn, &c, in the shire of Dunbertane, and all in the earldom of Lennax, 
until the entry of the heir. Dated at Edinburgh, 1st August 1532 343 



1532-1533.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. x \ v 

Page 

132. Instrument of Renunciation by Margaret Lewingstoun, spouse of James Ham- 

miltoun of Fynnart, Knight, of her conjunct infeftment of the lands of Bar- 
dowie, &c, and the patronage of the church of Botharnok, in favour of John 
Striuiling of Keir, Knight, and his heirs. Done in her husband's house in 
Linlythgw, at six hours afternoon, on 1st August 1532 345 

133. Bond by Thomas Culquhoune of Thorntoun, whereby, after narrating that he 

had given Andrew Striueling of Ballindroich a reversion to the Kirktoune of 
Bathernoch, on payment of six score five merks on the high altar of the Black- 
friars' Kirk of Glasgow, he acknowledges having received ten merks in part 
of the above sum, and binds himself, on receiving the remainder, to resign 
the lands to Andrew. Dated at Edinburgh, 22nd September 1532 346 

134. Tack by John Abbot of Lundoris, and the convent, to Sir John Striueling of the 

Keir, of the lands of Beny and Caitkin, for nineteen years from Whitsunday 
then next, for payment yearly of £12 and other services, as in No. 98. And 
also making Sir John their Baillie of their lands of Feddalis and Beny, in the 
shire of Perth and regality of Lundories, for the above space, with a yearly 
fee of two merks. Dated at Lundories, 5th October 1532 340 

135. Service before John Lord Erskin, sheriff of Striueling, and Thomas Porter- 

feild of Chapeltoun, his depute, of Elizabeth Galbret, as one of the nearest 
heirs, and the second sister in degree of umquhile Thomas Galbreth, sometime 
Laird of Balkindrocht. Dated at Striueling, 7th October 1532 349 

136. Decree of the Lords of Counsel, referring the disputes between John Striueling 

of the Keir, Knight, and John Kinross of Kippanross, and James his son and 
heir apparent, relative to the recognition of Lupnoch, and otherwise, to the 
determination of Alexander Abbot of Cambuskynneth, Robert Abbot of Kin- 
loss, and John Lord Erskyn. Dated at Edinburgh, 19th July 1533 349 

137- Discharge by David Schaw of Camsmoir, to John Striuelyng of the Keir, 
Knight, for 200 merks, which the latter was acted to pay him in the Com- 
missary Books of the King's Chapel Royal of Striuelyng ; and for £4 as 
the Whitsunday mail of the forty shilling land of Ardquhilloure. Dated at 
the Keyr, 10th November 1533 351 

138. Warrant by King James V. to the Provosts, Bailies, Aldermen, and Communities 
of Glasgow and Dunbertane, ordaining them to deliver to William Stryueling 



x ] v j ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. [1533-1537. 

Page 
of Glorat, captain of the Castle of Dunbertane, three or four tuns of wine 

from every ship arriving within their bounds, he paying the usual price ; 

for provision and furnishing to the King and his Castle. Dated at Striueling, 

4th April [1533 ?]. (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 351 

139. Ratification by King James V. for the thankful and true service done to him 

and his father by umquhile William Stirling of Glorat, who had been slain 
on Good Friday then last, while in the King's service, to George Stirling, his 
son and heir, of the letter of assedation of the constabulary and keeping of 
the House and Castle of Dumbarton. Dated at Stirling, 13th April, A. R. 21 
(1534). {Copy in Glorat Charter Chest) 352 

140. Letter from King James V. thanking George Stirling of Glorat for his diligence 

and good service, and praying him to continue the same in time coming. 
Dated at Dundee, 21st May, A. R. 21 (1534). (Copy in Glorat Charter Chest) 352 

141. Warrant by King James V. to the Captain, Constable, and Keepers of the 

Castle of Dunbertane, ordaining them to set at liberty Walter Grahame, then 
in ward within the said castle. Dated at the Castle of Striuiling, 27th June, 
A. R. 21 (1534). (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 353 

142. Signature b}' King James V. ordaining a charter to be made under the Great 

Seal, confirming the charter by John Creichtoun of Rwnanis to John Striueling 
of the. Keir, Knight, of the lands of Kippanedawy, in exeainbion for the Manis 
of Megill, &c, all in the shire of Perth. Dated at Striueling, 18th January 1535, 353 

143. Precept by William Levingstoun of Kilsytht, for infefting Jonet Striueling of 

Cadder in the lands of Bankeir and Branzet ; in obedience to the King's 
writ, commanding him to do so on the failure of Colin Campbell of Auchin- 
howye. Dated at Faukirk, 9th November 1537 354 

144. Gift by King James V. under his Privy Seal, to John Striueling of the Keir, 

Knight, of the escheat of umquhile Colin Campbell of Auchinhowie, who had 
been convicted and justified in a Justice Court held in the Tolboth of Edin- 
burgh, on 15th November 1537, for the slaughter of Alan Hammyltoun of 
Bardowe, Robert Striueling of the Lettir, and Andrew Striueling of Ballen- 
droich : except the corn, cattle, and goods, within the shire of Striueling, iri- 
tromitted with by John Lord Erskin, sheriff thereof, which were to be in- 
brought to the King's use. Dated at Edinburgh, 18th December 1537 355 



1537-1539.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. X ] V JJ 

Page 

145. Retour of the Service before John Lord Erskin, sheriff of Striueling, of George 

Striueling of Gloret, as heir of the deceased William Striueliug of Gloret, his 
father, in the lands of Estir and Westir Glorettis and Estir Baldoren, which 
all held of Matthew Earl of Leuenax, and were in the King's hands from the 
decease of John Earl of Leuenax, to the day of Saint Matthew the Apostle, 
then last, for eleven years, through the ward of the said earldom ; and had 
been in the hands of Earl Matthew through non-entry since the day of Saint 
Matthew, when he attained his twenty-first year, and entered to his earldom. 
Dated at Striueling, 15th January 1537- (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 356 

146. Indenture between John Striueling of the Keir, Knight, and Patrick Menteith, 

son and heir of umquhile James Menteitht of Ratho ; whereby Patrick is 
bound to obtain himself infeft in the lands of Cailzemok, in the stewartry of 
Menteith and shire of Perth, and then to resign them in favour of whom 
John should please ; for which John was to pay him, within a month there- 
after, 100 franks, French money, and would cause Mr. Thomas Mariorybankis 
or others, merchants of Edinburgh, pay the same to Patrick within the realm 
of France. Dated at Edinburgh, 8th May 1538 357 

147. Indenture between John Striueling of the Keir, and David Ramsay of Col- 

luithie, whereby the latter is bound to infeft the former in Brokland-Kinloich, 
and to give him power to pursue James Kinloicht, son to umquhile John 
Kinloicht in Rowis, for the bye run mails thereof; for which Sir John was 
to be acted in the books of the Official of Lothian, with William Lord Ruthuen 
and James Young, or some other bui'gess of Edinburgh, as his cautioners, to 
pay David fourteen score merks. Dated at Edinburgh, 9th March 1538 359 

148. Discharge by David Ramsay of Colluthe to Thomas Leirmonth, in name of John 

of Striueling of the Keir, his master, for six score pounds Scots, part of the four- 
teen score merks due by the above contract. Dated at Kingorn, 22nd May 1539, 361 

149. Decree by John Sprewle, canon of Glasgow, and Commissary of Mr. Adam 

Colquhoune, canon and official general of Glasgow, ordaining George Bueh- 
quhannan of that Ilk to pay George Striuiling of Gloret, son of William 
Striuiling of Gloret, formerly Captain of Dunbartane, two shillings for each 
day from 30th September 1534 to 1st September 1536, for the maintenance 
of Walter Buchquhannan, brother-german of George, while he was in ward in 
the Castle of Dunbartane. Dated 14th April 1539. {Orig. Olorat Charter 
Chest) 361 



x l v iii ABSTRACT OF CHARTEES, &c. [1539-1541. 

Page 

150. Decree by William (Chisholm), Bishop of Dunblane, at the instance of Mar- 

garet and Jonet, natural lawful daughters and heirs of Patrick Buchquhannan 
of Lany, and of William Lok, junior, and Maurice M'Nawchtane, their 
spouses ; decerning Elizabeth Buchannan (spouse of Andrew Murray) and 
Geiles Buchquhannan (spouse of Alexander Stewart), natural daughters of 
the said Patrick, to be illegitimate, and unable to succeed to their paternal 
heritage. Pronounced in the Consistory of the Cathedral of Dunblane, 
23rd September 1539 363 

151. Procuratory by Margaret Boquhanane, eldest daughter and one of the heirs of 

umquhile Patrick Boquhanane of Lany, with consent of William Lok, her 
spouse, to Master Abraham Creichtoun, Provost of Dunglas, and others, to 
receive from the Prior, Subprior, and Convent of the Friars Predicate beside 
Striueling, and from all other persons, all writings in their hands that belonged 
to her father ; and also to obtain herself served before the Sheriff of Perth, 
one of the heirs of her father, in all lands and annualrents in which he died 
vest and seised. Dated at Glasgow, 27th October 1539 364 

152. Charter by Alexander, Master of Hume, with consent of Master James Foulis 

of Colintoun, Clerk Register, and Master Abraham Crechtoun. Provost of 
Dunglas and Official of Lothian, his curators, and George Lord of Hume, his 
father; whereby, after narrating that the lordship of Hume and Innerallone 
had fallen in the King's hands, through the forfeiture of the deceased Alex- 
ander Lord Hume, that the King had afterwards infeft the granters therein, 
with power to re-invest their vassals, and that the said deceased Lord had in- 
feft John Hume, his natural son, in the lands of Innerallone, who had obtained 
decree from the Lords of Council, ordaining the granters to re-infeft him 
therein ; they therefore grant the said lands to him and his heirs, whom failing, 
to Andrew Hume, brother-german of the Master and his heirs whomsoever : 
To be held of the Master in blench-farm for the yearly payment of a penny, 
if asked. Dated at Edinburgh, 24th August 1541 365 

153. Declaration by Jonet Striueling of Cawder, in presence of the Lords of Council, 

that the procuratory granted by her for resigning her lands of Letter, 
Cadder, &c, in favour of James Striueling of the Keir, her spouse, and his 
heirs whomsoever, was made by her of her own free will. Dated 7th 
December 1541. (Ex Act. Bom. Con. et Sess. vol. xvii. fol. 33) 367 

154. Decree of Registration (dated 13th December 1541) by the Lords of Council, 



1541.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. x \[ x 

Page 
at the instance of Jonet Striueling of Cader, of a procuratory 1 by her for 

resigning her lands of Cadder, Vchiltreis, Letter, &c, in favour of James 

Striueling of Keir, her spouse, his heirs and assignees whomsoever. Dated 

10th December 1541. (Ex Act. Bom. Con. et Sess. vol. xvii. fol. 46) 368 

155. Ratification by Jonet Striueling, Lady Cawder, in presence of the Lords of 

Council, of a charter (dated 30th November 1541) granted by her, with 
consent of James Striueling of the Keir, her spouse, and of Mr. Abraham 
Crechtoun, parson of Craufurd-Jhon, and Alexander Crechtoun, vicar of Innir- 
vik, his curators, to James Bannatyn, burgess of Edinburgh, and Katherine 
Talzefeir, his spouse, of the Temple lands of Ovircarlowry, in the barony of 
Listoun and shire of Lithgow. Dated 13th December 1541. (Ex Act. Bom. 
Con. et Sess. vol. xvii. fol. 67) 372 

156. Charter by Gavin (Dunbar), Archbishop of Glasgow, Chancellor of Scotland, 

to James Striueling of Kere, and his heirs, of the lands of Cadder, on the re- 
signation of Jonet Striueling of Cadder; his spouse. Dated at Edinburgh, 
10th January 1541 373 

157. Decree of Divorce by Andrew Myll, prebendary of the collegiate church of 

St. Mary-in-the-Fields, near Edinburgh, and Robert Symsoun, chaplain, 
commissaries of Master Abraham Creichtoun, provost of Dunglas, and official 
of Lothian, of the marriage of James Striueling of Keir, son and heir of 
John Striueling of Keir, Knight, and Jonet Striueling, daughter and heir of 
the deceased Andrew Striueling of Cadder, through their being related in the 
fourth and fourth degrees of consanguinity. Dated 31st January 1541. (From 
the Register of the Official of Lothian, General Register House, Edinburgh), 374 

158. Contract between James Striueling of the Keir and William Balfour, whereby 

William acknowledges himself due to James 320 merks, of which he binds 
himself to pay eight score merks at Whitsunday, and the remainder at 
Martinmas thereafter ; and James was, within forty clays after receipt of 
the first instalment, to infeft William in the half of the Bra of Balfouris 
Balquhoppill, and within forty days after payment of the other sum, in the 
other half of said lands. Dated at Dunblane, 18th March 1541 375 

159. Contract between James Styrling of Keir and Calder and Lucas Stiruiling, son 

to umquhil Walter Stirviling of Ballagane, whereby James binds himself to 

1 The Procuratory itself has been collated with the original at Keir. 



] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. [1542. 

Page 
pay Lucas 300 merks, for which Lucas would resign an annualrent of a chalder 

of oatmeal out of the five pound land of Ballindrocht, and cause Euphame 

Brisbane, his mother, and relict of Walter, renounce her liferent thereof, and 

would also resign an annualrent, which he had by assignation, from James 

Waur ; and James would, in security of said 300 merks, infeft Lucas in the 

forty shilling land of Kirktoun, in the earldom of Lennox, and shire of 

Stiruiling. Dated at Calder, 18th January 1542 376 

160. Contract of Marriage between James Striueling of the Keir, on the one part, 

and James Cheisholme of Classingall, and Jane Cheisholme, " Cousigness," to 
William (Chisholme), Bishop of Dunblane, on the other part, whereby James 
Chisholme is bound to obtain a dispensation for third degrees of consanguinity 
and fourth of affinity, subsisting between James Striueling and Jane ; and 
James Striueling should infeft Jane, in her pure virginity, in his lands of 
Cadder, and thereafter contract marriage with her : for which James Chisholme 
was to pay him £1000, to be applied in redeeming his lands, and cause the 
Bishop, with consent of his chapter, set in tack to James Striueling and Jane, 
and the longest liver, the teind sheaves of the Keirs, Over and Nether, &c. 
for nineteen years : and the Bishop was to support James Striueling and 
Jane in all ordinary expenses for five years, and James was not to sell or 
wadset his lands without the Bishop's consent. Dated at Dunblane, 5th 
March 1542 378 

161. Obligation by William Levingstoun of Kilsyth, to relieve James Striueling of 

the Keir from the heirs of umquhile Adam Hamiltoun, concerning a charter 
by umquhile John Earl of Levenax, to umquhile John Campbell of Auchin- 
howe, of the lands of Auchinhowe, &c, and sasine thereon. Dated at Lyn- 
lythgow, 21st March 1542 380 

162. Bond by Margaret Buchquhennane, eldest of the two daughters, and heir of 

umquhile Patrick Buchquhennane of Lany, with consent of William Lok, 
her spouse, that the half of the lands of Lany and Petquhennertie, sold 
by her to James Striueling, son and heir of umquhile John Striueling of Keir, 
Knight, was free property. Dated at Glasgow, 14th April 1542 380 

163. Procurator}' by John, Earl of Menteith, son and heir of umquhile William Earl 

of Menteith (in implement of a contract between Earl William and James 
Striueling of the Keir), for procuring himself served, infeft and seised, as heir 
of his father, in the half lands of Lany and Petquhenderty, and for resigning 
the same in favour of Jonet Balquhannane, one of the heirs of umquhile 



1544-1545.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. ]j 

Page 
Patrick Balquhannane of Lany, her heirs and assignees. Dated at Glasgow, 

7th April 1544 381 

164. Grant by Robert (Stewart), Bishop of Kaitness and Provost of the Lady College 

of Dunberten, with consent of Matthew Earl of Leuenax, Lord Dernle, 
patron of the college, to George Striuelyng of Glorat, for all the days of his 
life, of the annual duties due from the lands of Strablane, which he held of 
the Provost and College. Dated at Dunbertene, 19th April 1544. (prig. 
Glorat Charter Chest) 383 

165. Obligation by William, Earl of Montross, to cause Robert Graharne, his son 

and apparent heir, resign the lands of Ratheren in favour of James Striueling 
of Keir and his heirs ; James giving him his bond of manrent for all the daj's 
of his life, and 300 merks of silver. Dated at Kenkardin, 29th July 1545, 383 

166. Retour before William, Lord Ruthuen, Sheriff of Perth and his Depute, of 

James Striuiling of Keir, son of John Striuiling of Keir, as heir of his father, 
in the lands of Lanark and Achinbie, in the stewartry of Stratherne and 
shire of Perth, which were then valued at forty merks, and in time of peace 
at ten merks, were held of the Queen by the service of ward and relief, and 
had been in the hands of the late King for two years and six months, and in 
the hands of the Queen for two years and one term, through nonentry, since 
the death of Sir John. Dated at Perth, 6th October 1545 384 

167. Charter by William Menteth of Kers, whereby, after narrating that he had 

received the Queen's letters, commanding him to infeft Alexander Drovmond 
of Carnock, and Matthew Hamyltoun of Mylnburne (in default of James 
Striueling of Keir, who had failed to do so), in the lands of Eister and Wester 
Vchiltreis, which had formerly belonged to Thomas Bischop, who had forfeited 
them for high treason : he grants the half of the said lands to the said 
Matthew Hammiltoun, his heirs and assignees : To hold of him and his heirs 
for services used and wont. Dated at Edinburgh, 9th February 1545 385 

168. Process before James Cottis, canon of Glasgow and prebendary of Carstaris, 

commissary of the apostolic see, dispensing with the impediment to the mar- 
riage of David Watsoune and Margaret Strivilyng (for whom John Strivilyng 
of Cragbarnard appears as procurator), through their being related in the 
fourth and fourth degrees of consanguinity. Proceeding on commission 
directed by Anthony Bishop of Sabine, Great Penitentiary of Pope Paul III. 



]j; ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. [1545-1547. 

Page 
to the dean and official of Glasgow, and said James Cottis, for dispensing with 

the impediments to the marriages of twelve couples, within the dioceses of 

Glasgow, Dunblane, Argyle, and the Isles. Dated 3rd June 1545. (Orig. 

Glorat Charter Chest) 386 

169. Articles of Agreement between the Lord Governor (Arrane) and the Lords of 

Secret Council, and George Striueling of Glorate, Captain of Dunbertane 
Castle, relative to the terms on which he would hold the Castle, for behoof 
of the Queen during her minority. Dated at Edinburgh, 1st April 1545. 
(Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 390 

170. Commission by Queen Mary, with consent of the Regent Arran, to George 

Stirling of Glorat, his heirs or assignees, as Captains, Constables, and Keepers 
of the Castle of Dumbartan, for nine years. Dated at Edinburgh, 25th April 
1545. (Copy in Glorat Charter Chest) 392 

171. Letter by the Regent Arran, in the name of Queen Mary, to the Lords of 

Council and Session, ordaining them to cease proceeding in any summons of 
spulzie raised against George Striueling of Gloret, and to remit the pursuers 
to the Governor for satisfaction. Dated at Edinburgh, 19th March, A. R. 5 
(1546). (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 393 

172. Declaration by the Barons of the Levenax, in presence of the Lord Governor 

and the Council, that George Striueling of Gloret ought to render the Castle 
of Dunbertane to the Governor ; and if he should refuse to do so, that they, 
their kin and friends, would assist the Governor in recovering it. Dated at 
Dunbertane, 13th July 1546. (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 394 

173. Licence by Queen Mary, with consent of the Regent Arran, to Jonet Striueling, 

spouse of Thomas Bischop, to remain in England, where she had gone with 
consent of the Regent, for twenty days thereafter; notwithstanding the war 
then subsisting between the Queen and the King of England. Dated at 
Sterleng, 28th March, A. R. 5 (1547) 395 

174. Collation by William (Chisholm), Bishop of Dunblane, directed to the Dean 

of the Christianity of Dunblane, for inducting Sir John Forfar, chaplain, 
on the presentation of James Striueling of Keir, in the perpetual chaplainry 
of the Virgin Mary, founded within the cathedral church of Dunblane, then 
vacant by the resignation of Sir James Blakwod, last chaplain thereof. 



1549-1551.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &0. ][[[ 

Page 
Dated at Dunblane, 25th January 1549, and induction by Sir James Blakwod, 

ebaplain and dean of the Christianity of Dunblane of the said Sir James 

Forfar into said chaplainry, by delivery of the vestments and altar missal. 

Dated 31st January 1549 396 

175. Collation by William (Chisholm), Bishop of Dunblane, of William Blakwod, on 

the presentation of James Striueling of Keir, to the chaplainry of St. Mary, 
founded within the cathedral church of Dunblane, then vacant by the resig- 
nation of Sir John Forfar. Dated at Dunblane, 3rd February 1549 398 

176. Notarial Instrument, narrating that James Striueling of Keir, lay patron 

of the chaplainry and altar of St. Mary the Virgin, founded in the north 
aisle of the nave of the cathedral church of Dunblane, came before John 
Leirruonth, notary public, and declared that he had presented William Blak- 
wod, clerk, to William (Chisholm), Bishop of Dunblane, to be collated to 
the said chaplainry, and although the said William Blakwod was not yet a 
priest, he thereby licensed him to accept the said chaplainry, until he should 
be promoted to priests' orders; the said chaplainry being in the meantime 
served by an honest chaplain, according to the tenor of its foundation : 
Whereupon the said William Blakwod took instruments. Dated 3rd 
February 1549 398 

177- Letters of Robert (Reid), Bishop of Orkney, attesting that on the day of the 
date thereof, being Saturday before Passion Sunday, he had, in the church of 
the monastry of Jedbrught, promoted William Blakwod, acolyte of the diocese 
of Dunblane, having for title the chaplainry of St. Mary within the cathedral 
church of Dunblane, to the order of sub-deacon. Dated at Jedbrught, 14th 
March 1550 399 

178. Renunciation by Mr. Abraham Creichtone, provost of Dunglas, and official of 

Lothian, of his right to the chaplainry of the Virgin Mary, founded within 
the cathedral church of Dunblane, by virtue of an asserted signature from 
the apostolic see. Dated 7th December 1551 400 

179. Charter by William Gordoun, the Dean and the Chapter of Dunblane, with 

consent of William (Chisholme), Bishop of Dunblane, to James Stryueling of 
Keir, his heirs and assignees, of their lands of Auchynby, within the shire 
of Perth and stewartry of Stratherne : To be held of them and their succes- 
sors, for payment to Sir William Drummond, sacristan of Dunblane, and his 

h 



liy ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. [1549-1553. 

Page 
successors, of four merks yearly, reserving free passage through the said lands 

to the city of Dunblane, for the inhabitants thereof and their " weinis and 

cairtis," etc. Dated at Dunblane, 23rd March 1549 401 

180. Grant by John Haramiltoune of Pardowy, with consent of John Colquhoune of 

Lwss, and Mr. James Colquhoune, parson of Lwss, his curators, to James 
Striueling of the Keir, of the ward, relief, and non-entry of the lands of 
Balkindrocht, etc., then in his hands through the decease of Andrew Striueling 
of Balkindrocht. Dated at Glasgow, 7th May 1550 402 

181. Decree-arbitral pronounced by William (Chisholme), Bishop of Dunblane, be- 

tween James Striueling of the Keir and Robert Calbreth, whereby he ordains 
Robert to renounce his right to the lands of Ballindrocht, etc., as assignee 
of umquhile Robert Calbreth, parson of Spott, in favour of James, who was 
to pay him therefor nine score merks. Dated at Edinburgh, 7th May 1551, 403 

182. Letter of Reversion by William (Chisholm), Bishop of Dunblane, and by Helen 

Stryueling, daughter ' fowbegottin' to James Striueling of the Keir, with con- 
sent of Mr. James Kennedy, chancellor of Dunblane, her tutor, to the said 
James Striueling, of the lands ofBeirholme, in the barony of Keir, on payment 
of £300 on the Lady altar of the cathedral kirk of Dunblane, they receiving 
forty days previous warning. Dated at Dunblane (Blank) 1552 405 

183. Letter of Reversion by William (Chisholm), Bishop of Dunblane, and by Jane 

Striueling, daughter ' fowbegottin' to James Striueling of the Keir, with con- 
sent of Robert Lermonth, citizen of Dunblane, her tutor, to the said James 
Striueling, of the lands of Kippendavy, on payment of 1000 merks on the Lady 
altar of the cathedral kirk of Dunblane, they receiving forty days previous 
warning. Dated (blank) 1554 406 

184. Confirmation by John Campbell of Lundy, Knight, justice-depute of Archi- 

bald Earl of Argyle, Lord Campbell and Lome, Justice-General of Scotland, 
of a charter (dated 10th September 1503) by King James IV. to the deceased 
John Striueling of Keir, father of James Striueling, then of Keir, of the 
barony of Keir. Dated at Perth, 28th May 1553 407 

185. Instrument of Assignation by William Earl of Montros, Lord Grahame, to 

James Striueling of Keir, of all right of action he had against the tenants 
of Boquharragis, according to the tenor of a decree-arbitral pronounced by 



1554-1560.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. J v 

Page 
Mr. John Ballenden of Auclinowyll, and Mr. James Makgyll, burgess of Edin- 
burgh, between them. Done in the Place of Kincardin, 9th May 1554 408 

186. Obligation by Walter Grahame to obtain the Queen's confirmation of a charter 

by James Striueling of the Keir to him and Margaret Striueling his spouse, 
and sister of James, of the lands of Brokland Kylloch, and then to give James 
and his heirs a letter of regress for redemption thereof. Dated at Dunblane, 
30th April 1556 410 

187. Tack by William (Chisholme), Bishop of Dunblane, with consent of his chapter, 

to Jane Chisholme, spouse modern to James Stryueling of the Keir, and to 
him and to two heirs succeeding to them, of the sheaves of Rathernis, etc., for 
the yearly payment of £40. Dated at Dunblane, 12th May 1557 410 

188. Letters directed by Queen Mary to Alexander Lord Hume, commanding him 

to infeft James Striueling of Keir, and Jonet Chisholme, his spouse, as his 
immediate tenants, in the half lands of Inneralloun, formerly pertaining to 
John Hume of Hutounhall, a bastard, and which were then in the Queen's 
hands, by his dying without heirs of his body, and without having made a 
will. Dated at Edinburgh, 21st December 1557 411 

189. Discharge by James Campbell, son and heir of umquhile Dougal Campbell 

of Blairweok, with consent of Colin Campbell of Ardkinglas, and Mr. John 
Spens of Condye, his curators, to William Moncreif, in name of Sir George 
Wauane, Archdean of Dunblane, for fourteen score and ten merks, consigned 
in the hands of the Archdeacon for redemption of the lands of Drongy, Bal- 
four, and Bray of Boqukipill from the said James, as heir of his father. 
Dated at Striueling, 19th February 1557 412 

190. Account of the Descent of the Families of Lany of Lany, and Buchquhanane of 

Lany, sent by B.obert Buchquhanane of Lany to the Laird of Keir. Circa 
1560. (Orig. Leny Charter Chest) 413 

191. Contract between James Striueling of the Keir and James Kinead of that 

Ilk, whereby, after narrating that James Kincaid's predecessors had been 
vassals to the Lairds of Bardoven in the lands of Kineade and Kinkel, 
within the shire of Stirling, which the latter held immediately of James 
Striueling ; that John Hammiltoun of Bardowe had resigned his immediate 
superiority in favour of William Striueling of Dochewen ; and that it had 



Jyi ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. [1561-1574. 

Page 
■been agreed between the parties, that the said mid-superiority should be 

' cuttit and perpetualie away tayn,' so that James Striueling should be the 

only superior to James Kincaid ; the former binds himself to cause William 

Striueling resign the same, so that James Kincaid might be infeft therein. 

Dated at Striueling, 22nd October 1561 416 

192. Obligation by Matthew Earl of Lennoxe, not to pursue James Striueling of 

Keir for implement of any contracts between the Earl and umquhile John 
Striueling of Keir, father of James. Dated 28th October 1566 418 

193. Ratification by King James VI. with consent of his dearest goodsire, Matthew 

Earl of Levynax, his tutor, and Regent of the Kingdom, in favour of James 
Striueling of Keir and Jane Cheisholme, his spouse, of the Letters of Pre- 
sentation, No. 188, to the lands of Inner alloun. Dated at Striueling, 4th Feb- 
ruary 1570 419 

194. Notarial Instrument on the refusal of Alexander Lord Home, to obey the 

above Letters of Presentation and Ratification thereof; and on the refusal 
of John Reid, one of the porters of the Castle of Edinburgh, and servant to 
the Laird of Grange, then captain thereof, to allow the procurator, notary, 
and witnesses, to pass to the personal presence of the said Lord, who was then 
within the Castle. Done at the ' forzett' of the Castle, 9th February 1570, 420 

195. Contract between James Striueling of Keir and Robert Hammiltone of Boghous, 

whereby, in consideration of 100 merks, Robert resigns the lands of Boghous, 
within the shire of Striueling, in the hands of James, ad perpetuam remanen- 
tiam ; yet subject to redemption on repayment, within three years, of said 
100 merks, and also giving reversion, containing the sum the Abbot of Kil- 
wynning should modify. Dated at the Place of Keir, 4th November 1570, 422 

196. Presentation by Sir James Striuiling of Keir, Knight, to James Striuiling, his 

son, for his support at the schools, of the chaplainry of our Lady altar, some- 
time situated within the cathedral kirk of Dunblane, which was then vacant 
through the failure of Sir William Blackwod, the last chaplain, to compear 
before the Superintendent, to give his attestation of his faith and obedience to 
the King. Dated at the Keir, 20th December 1574 423 

197. Contract between Sir James Striuiling of Keir, Knight, and William Sehaw of 

Knokill, whereby they ratify the division of the lands of Innerallown made by 



1580-1596.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. l v ;i 

Page 
Sir James, and umquhile Andrew Schaw, father of William. Dated at 

Striuiling, 21st May 1580 424 

198. Confirmation by Mr. John Grahame of Halzairdis, depute of Colin Earl of 

Argyle, Justice-General, of a charter dated 16th September 1570, by King 
James VI. to Archibald Striueling, apparent of Keir, of the barony of Keir. 
Done in the Court of Justiciary held at Perth on 25th July 1582 424 

199. Testament (dated at Cadder, 4th September 1588) and Inventory of the 

Goods of Sir James Striuiling of Keir, Knight, who died at Cadder on 3rd 
February 1588, confirmed before the Commissaries of Edinburgh, by Sir 
Archibald Striuiling of Keir, Knight, his only executor, on 9th December 
1591 425 

200. Contract of Marriage between Sir Archibald Striueling of Keir, Knight, and 

Grissel Ross, daughter of Dame Jeane Sempill Lady Ross. Dated at Glasgow, 

18th March 1589. (From an Extract dated 10th June 1592, at Keir) 430 

201. Contract between Sir Archibald Sterling of Keir, Knight, and John Hamilton 

of Bardowye, whereby the latter binds himself, on payment by the former of 
200 merks, and of all other sums which should be found due, to assign to Sir 
Archibald a tack of the lands of Wester Bankeir, granted by John Sterling of 
Bankeir. Dated at Cadder, 13th January 1592 431 

202. Contract between Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir, Knight, Dame Jean Chisholme 

Lady Keir, his mother, on the one part, and William Sinclair of Galwaldmoir, 
son and heir of umquhile William Sinclair of Galwaldmoir, and James Sin- 
clair, his brother, on the other part ; whereby, after narrating that feuds had 
arisen between the parties relative to the right to the lands of Auchinbie, 
through which James Stirling of Kippendawie, brother of Sir Archibald, the 
said umquhile William Sinclair, and Edward and George Sinclairis, his sons, 
had been slain on Whitsunday, 3rd June 1593 ; the parties for remedy of the 
said feud, bind themselves to give each other letters of slains for the said 
slaughters ; and William Sinclair ratifies the infeftment of Auchinbie in 
favour of Sir Archibald. Dated at Stirling, 8th April 1596 432 

203. Memorandum of Contract between Sir Archibald Striueling of Keir, and Dame 

Grissel Ros, his spouse ; and John Striuiling of Wester Bankeir, and Mar- 
garet Colquhone, his spouse, whereby John and his spouse are bound to 



Ivjji ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, &c. [1597-1630. 

Page 
dispone to Sir Archibald and his spouse, and William their son, his lands 

of Wester Bankeir, for which they are to be paid 5000 merks, and receive 

a dozen loads of coal yearly, from the tenants of the ten towns of Cadder, 

Ballindrocht, Haystoun, and Balquharne. Dated at Keir, 4th May 1597 434 

204. Obligation by John Striueling of Bankeir, to Sir Archibald Striueling of Keir, 

Knight, Dame Grissel Rois, his spouse, and William Striueling, their son, that 
he would obtain Isobel Fleming's renunciation of the lands of Bankeir before 
Martinmas then next. Dated at Cadder, 19th January 1597 436 

205. Contract of Marriage between James Strivilir.g, eldest son and apparent heir 

of Sir Archibald Striveling of Keir, Knight, and Anna Home, eldest lawful 
daughter of Sir George Home of Wedderburne, Knight. Dated at Perth, 
Polvert, Spilmerfurdmylne, Colintoun, Dunblen, and Burnbank, 9th July, 
13th, 14th, 15th, 16th August 1606 436 

206. Obligation by Sir William Livingstoun of Kilsyth, to pass his signature of the 

lands of Kincaid and Birdstoun through the seals, if Sir Archibald Sterling of 
Keir should obtain said signature before 1st April 1610. Dated at Edinburgh, 
16th December 1609 439 

207. Retour before David Haldane, Steward Depute of the stewartry of Menteyth, 

of Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir, Knight, as heir of Sir James Stirling of 
Keir, Knight, his father. Done on the Green at the Castle of Down, the usual 
place of the courts of the said stewartry, 8th July 1613 439 

208. Contract of Marriage between Sir John Striuiling, eldest son of Sir Archibald 

Striuiling of Keir, Knight, and Margaret Monteith, daughter of Sir William 
Monteith, elder of Kers, Knight. Dated at Alveth, 9th July 1613 440 

209. Obligation by Mr. John Striuiling, son of umquhile Mr. William Striuiling, 

parson and minister at Baddernok, to grant to Sir Archibald Striuiling 
of Keir (who had presented him to the parsonage), sufficient letters of tack 
of the teinds thereof ; saving his reasonable stipend, ' as my vmquhile 
' father haid of befoir.' Dated at the Place of Keir, 4th November 1623, 443 

210. Contract of Marriage between George Stirling of Keir and Mrs. Margaret 

Ross, daughter of James Lord Ross. Dated at Halkhed, Houstoun, Drum- 
niond, Aluay, and Ardocht, 27th, 28th, 29th, and 31st December 1G30 444 



1633-1652.] ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, ic ]j x 

Page 

211. Testament Dative and Inventory of the Goods of umquhile Dame Mar- 

garet Ross, spouse of Sir George Sterling of Keir, Knight, who had died 
on 10th March 1633. Confirmed by the Commissary of Dunblane on 5th 
April 1633 447 

212. Contract of Marriage between Archibald Stirling, eldest son of Sir John 

Stirling of Garden, Knight, and Elizabeth Murray, eldest daughter of Sir 
Patrick Murray of Elibank, Knight-Baronet, and umquhile Dame Eliza- 
beth Dundas, his second spouse. Dated at Edinburgh, 24th June 1637- ■• 418 

213. Contract of Marriage between Sir John Stirling of Garden, Knight, and 

Margaret Bruce, daughter of umquhile Sir John Bruce of Kincavill, Knight. 
Dated at Kincavill and Edinburgh, 13th October 1638 451 

214. Testament Dative and Inventory of the Goods of umquhile Sir John Stirling of 

Gardene, Knight, who had died on 15th April 1643; confirmed by William 
Stirling, James Stirling, and Alexander Stirling, his sons and executors- 
dative, before the Commissaries of Edinburgh, on 29th May 1643 453 

215. Testament of Sir Archibald Stirling of Gardenn, nominating his son John 

his only executor ; and nominating Patrick Lord Elibank, Sir George Stir- 
ling of Keire, "William Drummond of Ricartoune, Sir Walter Murray of 
Levingstoune, Mungo Stirling of Glorat, and James Stirling, Sir Archi- 
bald's brother, tutors-testamentar to John. Dated at Edinburgh, 16th Oc- 
tober 1643 455 

216. Contract of Marriage between Sir Archibald Sterling of Garden, Knight, and 

Mause Murray, daughter of umquhile Sir James Murray of Kilbabertoun, 
Knight, and Dame Katherine Weir, then Lady Elibank, his spouse. 
Dated at Edinburgh, 24th June 1646 455 

217. Commission by the Heritors of the shire of Sterlinge, nominating Sir George 

Sterling of Keir, Knight, and Sir Mungo Sterlinge of Glorat, Knight, their 
commissioners for meeting at Edinburgh, with the rest of the deputies of shires 
and boroughs, on 19th August 1652, and there, by vote of the major part of 
the deputies present, to elect fourteen persons to represent the shires, and 
seven persons to represent the boroughs of Scotland, in the parliament of 
England. Dated between 25th March and 19th August 1652. {From a 
Contemporary Copy at Keir) 458 



] x ABSTRACT OF CHARTERS, Ac. [1652-1660. 

Page 

218. Declaration by Sir James Levengstoune of Kilsyth, and Sir Mungo Stirling of 

Glorat, that Sir George Stirling of Keir did not enter England with the King 

and army, 1652 459 

219. Order by the Commissioners for confiscated and forfeited estates, respiting from 

sequestration the estate of Sir George Sterlinge of Keire and Sir Mungo 
Stirlinge of Gloratt; they finding caution for the rents, in case it should be 
proved that they ' envaded England with the late Kinge of Scots.' Dated at 
Leith, 15th September 1652. (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 460 

220. Pass by Oliver Cromwell, allowing Sir George Sterlyn and his servant to pass 

from London into Scotland, and to return, without molestation. Dated 14th 
October 1653 460 

221. Contract of Marriage between Sir George Stirling of Keir, Knight, and Anna 

Nicolsone, second lawful daughter to the deceased Sir Thomas Nicolson of 
Carnock. Dated at Edinburgh, 2nd February 1654 461 

222. Petition by David Lord Cardross and Sir George Sterling of Keir, Knight, 

to the Protector's Council in Scotland, for disjoining the parishes of Dun- 
blane, Kilmadock, Kincardin, Port, Aberfuill, Calander, Kippen, Leckrop, and 
Logie, from the sheriffdom of Perth, and annexing them to the sheriffdom of 
Stirling, 1655 464 

223. Licence by General Monck to Sir George Sterling, to keep a horse above the 

value in the proclamation, at Calder or Keere. Dated at Dalkeith, 6th 
November 1656 464 

224. Commission by the Noblemen, Gentlemen, Heritors, and Justices of the Peace 

of the shire of Linlithgow, appointing Sir Archibald Sterling of Garden 
to meet, in their behalf, at Edinburgh, on 2nd February then next, with 
the commissioners of the other shires. Dated at Linlithgow, 27th January 
1660 465 

225. Petition of Sir Mungo Stirling of Gloratt to King Charles II. for authority to 

proceed against the person to whom the fine imposed on him during the usur- 
pation had been given ; with the reference of the petition to the parliament in 
Scotland, signed by the Duke of Lauderdaill, dated Whitehall, 22nd November 
1060. (Orig. Glorat Charter Chest) 465 



1662-1822.] ABSTRACT OF CHAETEES, &c. J x i 

Page 

226. Discharge by John Stirling of Baakell, heir of umquhile William Stirling of 

Bankell, who was heir of umquhile William Stirling of Bankell, his father, 
third lawful son to umquhile Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir, Knight, in 
favour of Sir George Stirling of Keir, of a letter of tack by said umquhile 
Sir Archibald to said umquhile William Stirling, his third son, of the teind 
sheaves of the lands of Bankell. Dated at Edinburgh, 28th January 1662, 466 

227. Testament of Sir George Stirling of Keir. Dated 1st March 1664, &c 467 

228. Testament Dative, and Inventory of the Goods of Sir George Stirling of Keir, 

who had died in June 1667, confirmed by Sir John Stirling of Keir, before 

the Commissary of Dunblane, on 11th December 1673 468 

229. Postnuptial Contract of Marriage between Sir John Stirling of Keir and Dame 

Lillias Colquhoun, eldest daughter of Sir John Colquhoun of Luss. Dated 

at the Cannongate Foot, 2nd March 1676 469 

230. Protection by James Duke of Bucoleuch and Monmouth, &c, General of the 

Forces, to Sir John Sterling, his house, servants, and tenants at Keir. Dated 

at the Camp at Long Tyke, 24th June 1679 471 

231. Testament of Sir John Stirling of Keir. Dated 12th June 1682 471 

232. Register of the Births, Marriages, and Deaths of the Stirling's of Keir, taken 

from a book in which the entries are made in the handwriting of the 
respective lairds. 1613-1822 473 



lxii 



ABSTEACT OF THE LETTERS. 

— 4- 

Page 

233. Jane Chisholme, Lady Keir, to the Laird of Perdowy, requesting hiin to relet 

the mill land with the mill for another year ; circa 1550. {Orig. at Leny) . . . 479 

234. Sir Archibald Sterling of Keir to the Laird of Bardoivie, elder, requesting a 

meeting at the Kirk of Muire, relative to the feud betwixt the Stirlings and 
Kincaids ; Keir, 30th July 1602. {Orig . at Leny) 479 

235. Dame Grissall Roos, Lady Keir, to the Countess of Eglintoun, requesting her 

to place the Lady Carnebei's son in the Earl's chamber, to put on or off his 
clothes, and wait on his Lordship. Ochiltrie, 5th November 1612. (Orig. at 
Eglinton) 480 

236. Sir Thomas Hamilton of Priestfield, afterwards Earl of Haddington, to Sir 

Archibald Stirling of Keir, stating that John Leuistoun of Prestoun had made 
no bargain with Sir Thomas relative to Kirklands in Vchiltrie. Edinburgh, 
7th March 1613 481 

237. Sir George Sterling of Keir to the Laird of Gloret, younger, requesting him to 

concur in managing his affairs during his absence abroad. Venice, 26th 
January 1635. (Orig . at Glorat) 481 

238. William Drummond of Riccartoun to Sir George Stirling, mentioning the 

execution of the Earl of Straford, and the intended prorogation of the Scotch 
Parliament. London, 12th May 1641 482 

239. General Thomas Dalyell of Binns to Sir George Stirling, mentioning the 

neglected state of the army, the desertion of six soldiers, and the want of 
provisions. Craigfergus, February 1643 483 

240. Alexander, first Earl of Leven, to Sir George Stirling, requesting repayment of 

some public money. Newcastill, 17th August 1646 484 



1646-1651.] ABSTRACT OF LETTERS. Mjj 

Page 

241. The Hon. Lilias Napier to Sir George Stirling, that she would inform him of 

what passes in future. Sterling, 6th November [1646] 484 

242. Sir Archibald Stirling of Garden, afterwards Lord Garden, to Sir George 

Stirling, as to the quartering of the army on Keir's lands, &e. Ochiltrie, 

7th June 1647 484 

243. James, first Marquis of Montrose, to Sir George Stirling, advising the latter 

regarding ' Lillias,' presumed to be Lillias Napier, Montrose's niece. Near 
Paris, 26th July 1647 485 

244. John Lord Areskine, afterwards Earl of Mar, to Sir George Stirling ; that the 

Commissioners were endeavouring to obtain payment of the fine for which 
Lord Areskine had been surety for Lord Napier. Sterline, 16th December 
1647 486 

245. Sir John Crawfurd of Kilbirny, and Magdalene Carnegy, his wife, to the Laird 

of Luss, younger, sending him their daughter, Margaret Baillie, heritrix of 
Lochend, who was to be his wife. Edinburgh, 12th May 1648. (Orig. at 
Garden) 487 

246. The Rev. Dr. George Wiseheart, afterwards Bishop of Edinburgh, to Mr. David 

Fowles, Minister at Hamburgh, introducing to him Sir George Stirling. 
Hauge, 11th January 1649 487 

247. John, eighth Earl of Mar, to Sir George Stirling, introducing Mr. Harry 

Guthrie, afterwards Bishop of Dunkeld. Alloway, 6th March 1650 488 

248. Archibald, Marquis of Argyll, to Sir George Stirling, requesting him not to 

quarter horse or foot on the Laird of Gleneggie's land. Perth, 17th February 

1651 488 

249. Memorandum of Instructions by Sir George Stirling to a person going to Hol- 

land, for obtaining Sir George's goods left at Rotterdam and Delft. 3rd Sep- 
tember 1651 489 

250. Alexander, sixth Earl of Eglintoun, to Sir George Stirling, requesting him to 

keep in his own custody the two coffers deposited with him by the Earl's wife, 

or else to deliver them to Lord Callander. Hull, 29th December 1651 490 



l x i v ABSTRACT OF LETTERS. [1652-1662. 

Page 

251. The Same to the Same, requesting the delivery of the boxes to the Earl of Ca- 

lander. Hull, 9th January 1652 490 

252. James, first Earl of Calander, to Sir George Stirling, requesting delivery of 

Lord Eglinton's boxes. Falkirk, 23rd January 1652 491 

253. Lady Jean Hay, Countess of Mar, to the Lairds of Keir and Riccartoun, re- 

questing their advice about her son's affairs. Alio way, 9th March 1652 492 

254. John Stewart, younger of Blackball, to Sir George Stirling, requesting his advice 

as to making peace with the English. Ardgowan, 28th May 1652 493 

255. John, third Earl of Wigtoune, to Sir George Stilling, requesting him to be- 

come his cautioner for a debt of 5000 merks. Cumernald, 19th June 1654, 493 

256. John, sixth Earl of Cassillis, to Sir George Stirling, stating that he had re- 

quested ' young Faille ' to meet with Sir George, relative to his letter to the 
Earl. Castle Kennedy, 28th April 1656 494 

257. William, ninth Earl of Glencairn, to Sir Archibald Stirling of Garden, request- 

ing him to become cautioner for him to the General [Monek], with the Lord 
Borthuik, Kilsyth, Sir James Hamilton of Orbiston, and David Betoun of 
Creich. 1st December [1656] 494 

258. James, second Marquis of Montrose, to Sir George Stirling, requesting him to 

be a referee in the disputes between the Marquis and the Laird of Polmaise. 
Mugdooke, 4th June 1658 495 

259. John, third Earl of Wigtoune, to Sir George Stirling, requesting him to attend 

the funeral of the Earl's wife, at Biggar, on Thursday, 30th December. 
Cumernald, 18th December 1658 495 

260. Sir Archibald Stirling, Lord Garden, to Sir George Stirling, giving an account 

of the trial and forfeiture of the Marquis of Argyle. Edinburgh, 24th May 

1661 496 

261. James, second Marquis of Montrose, to Sir George Stirling, requesting him 

not to press matters against the Laird of Braco. Mugdock, 22nd October 

1662 497 



1662-1670.] ABSTRACT OF LETTERS. l xv 

Page 

262. Walter Sterling of Ballagan to George Sterling of Glorat, recommending him 

to be circumspect in choosing a wife. Ballagan, 19th July 1662. (Orig. at 
Glorat) 497 

263. George Sterling to his father, Sir Mungo Stirling of Glorat, recommending 

him not to renounce the Covenant. London, 15th October 1662. {Orig. 

at Glorat) 498 

264. George, fourth Earl of Wintoun, to Sir George Stirling, requesting delay in 

paying the debt, for which he was cautioner for Sir George Hamilton. Edin- 
burgh, 30th January 1664 500 

265. 266. Two letters from the Earl of Wintoun to Sir George Stirling, request- 

ing further delay. 5th March and 24th August 1664 500, 501 

267. Archibald, ninth Earl of Argyll, to Sir George Stirling, stating that M'Clane of 

Dowart would endeavour to discover the thieves who had stolen the goods of 

Sir George's tenants. Invereray, 19th October 1664 501 

268. Alexander, Earl of Glencairn, to the Laird of Garden, as to his tenants being 

imprisoned for conventicles. Balindaloch, 26th November [o. 1665]. (Orig. 

at Garden) 502 

269. Lord Garden to Sir George Stirling, requesting him to advise the Laird of Touch 

not to contest Perthshire against the Laird of Polmaise. Ochiltrie [1665] . . . 502 

270. Mr. R. Muschet, Minister of Larbert, to Sir George Stirling, thanking him for 

his sympathy on account of his brother's murder. Larbert, 17th May 1665... 503 

271. John, ninth Earl of Mar, to Sir George Stirling, requesting him not to press 

payment of his debt. Kildrummy, 3rd May 1666 504 

272. Robert Leighton, Bishop of Dunblane, to Sir George Sterling, as to payment of 

money on a renewal of a tack of teinds. Edinburgh, 20th March 504 

273. James, first Earl of Calander and others, to Sir John Stirling, requesting him 

as a curator of ' Mistres Isobell Nicolson, Camock's awnt,' to attend a meet- 
ing of her friends relative to her marriage. [1670] 505 



l xv i ABSTRACT OF LETTERS. [1672-1677. 

Page 

274. James, Earl of Calander, to Sir John Stirling, requesting him to attend the Com- 

missioner beyond Stirling Bridge, on his entering the shire. Edinburgh, 5th 
August 1672 505 

275. George Stirling, Chirurgeon, Edinburgh, to Sir John Stirling, giving an account 

of a battle between the Dutch and English Fleets. Edinburgh, 21st August 

1673 505 

276. Alexander, second Earl of Linlithgow, to Sir John Stirling, as to their waiting 

on the Lord Commissioner. Medope, 2nd September 1673 506 

277. Alexander, Lord Almond, to Sir John Stirling, requesting him to attend the 

funeral of the Earl of Callender, at Falkirk, on the 16th instant. Edinburgh, 

16th March 1674 507 

278. George Stirling, Chirurgeon, to Sir John Stirling, giving an account of the 

defeat of the French near Strasbourg, and list of the Scots killed. Edinburgh, 

18th August 1673 507 

279. 280. Two letters from Mr. Walter Stirling, Minister of Baldernock, to Sir John 

Stirling, as to the latter's courtship of the Laird of Luss' daughter, and 
intrigues against the Laird of Buchanan, a rejected lover of the lady. 8th 
and 19th October 1675 508, 509 

281. The Hon. Patrick Lyndsay of Kilbirny, to Sir John Stirling, congratulating him 

on the birth of a son. Kilbirny, ult. October [1676] 510 

282. John, Earl of Rothes, Lord Chancellor, to Sir John Stirling, requesting him to be 

at the mustering of the troop of Militia under his command, at Perth, on 1st 

June then next. Edinburgh, 3rd April 1677 510 

283. The Hon. Patrick Lyndsay of Kilbirny to Margaret Baillie, ' Lady Lusse,' 

on her marriage to Archibald Stirling of Garden. Kilbirny, 24th April 1677. 
(Orig. at Garden) 511 

284. Sir Archibald Stewart of Blackhall, Baronet, to Margaret Baillie, ' Lady Lusse,' 

on her marriage to Archibald Stirling of Garden. Ardgowan, 24th April 

1677 511 



1677-1681.] ABSTRACT OF LETTERS. lxvii 

Pa 8' e 

285. Lieutenant, afterwards Lieutenant-Colonel George Murray, to Sir John Stirling, 

recommending him to endeavour to he elected to Parliament for Perthshire. 
Edinburgh, 22nd June 1677 513 

286. The Same to the Same, recommending Sir John and his brother ' Carden,' 

to accompany the Marquis [of Montrose], who was to meet the Duke and 
Duchess [of York]. Edinburgh, 29th June 1677 513 

287. The Same to the Same, on Sir John being elected Member for Perthshire. 

Edinburgh, 30th June 1677 513 

288. William, last Earl of Monteith, to Sir John Stirling, requesting him not to 

quarter a party of soldiers on the Earl, for not having sent a horse to the 
rendezvous of the Militia at Perth. The Isle of Menteith, 29th May 1678 ... 514 

289. James Stirling, to his brother Sir John Stirling, stating he was ' to make moiene 

' for a place.' Edinburgh, 5th June 1678 515 

290. William, first Earl of Dundonald, to Sir John Stirling, requesting him to attend 

the funeral of his son, the Lord Cochrane, at Dundonald Church, on the 25th 
September. Edinburgh, 3rd September 1679 515 

291. Alexander, second Earl of Calander, to Sir John Stirling, requesting him to 

receive the Commissioners of Justiciary at Linlithgow Bridge, and to escort 
them to Stirling. Calander, 22nd September 1679 516 

292. Arthur Ross, Archbishop of Glasgow, to Sir John Stirling, requesting him to 

attend the first meeting of the Commissioners for visiting the University of 
Glasgow. Glasgow, 4th October 1680 516 

293. George Stirling, Chirurgeon, to Sir John Stirling, giving an account of the 

landing of the Duke and Duchess of York in Fife. Edinburgh, 27th October 

1680 517 

294. Charles, tenth Earl of Mar, to Sir John Stirling, stating that the Earl could 

not give Mr. James Stirling the vacancy in his Regiment. Edinburgh, 1st 
January 1681 517 

295. John Wordie, Sheriff Clerk of Stirling, to Sir John Stirling, requesting Sir John 



lxviii ABSTRACT OF LETTERS. [1681-1708. 

Page 
to meet the Duke of York at Linlithgow Bridge, on Thursday then next. 

Stirling, 31st January 1681 517 

296. James, third Marquis of Montrose, to Sir John Stirling, requesting him to present 

Mr. Alexander Duncan to the Church of Baldernock. Edinburgh, 7th May 1681, 518 

297. James Stirling to his brother Sir John Stirling, on the death of the wife of the 

former. Berwick, 13th May 1681 518 

298. John Stirling of Craigbarnet to Sir William Purves, Baronet, as to the mis- 

understanding between them. Campse, 11th July 1681. (Orig. at Glorat)... 519 

299. J. Setone to Sir John Stirling, relative to Sir John's brother Harry obtaining 

a commission as Ensign in a company levied for the East Indies. Seton, 

12th August 1683 520 

300 to 304. Five Letters from ' C. Stirling' or Bower, ' Lady Meathie,' to her 
cousin, Archibald Stirling of Garden, on her difficulties in bringing up her 
family, and defending her religious (Roman Catholic) principles, 1702-1706. 
{Orig. at Garden) 521-524= 

305. A News-letter to James Stirling of Keir, giving an account of the proceedings 

in the Scotch Parliament, and of the campaign in Flanders, &c. Glasgow, 

13th June 1702 526 

306. Walter Stirling, Writer, Edinburgh, to Archibald Stirling of Garden, giving 

an account of the riots about the Union. Edinburgh, 24th October 1706. 
[Orig. at Garden) 527 

307. Walter Stirling, Writer, Edinburgh, to James Stirling of Keir, with news of 

the surrender of the citadel of Lisle, and of the death of the Archbishop 

of Glasgow. Edinburgh, 9th December 1708 527 

308-315. Eight Letters from James Stirling of Keir to Marion Stewart his wife, 
giving an account of his being taken to London, and of his imprisonment 
there, for being concerned in the threatened invasion of Scotland by the King 
of France, on behalf of the Stuart family, in 1708. Dated from Berwick, 
Alnwick, Boroughbridge, Barnet, London, and Newgate, May, June, and 
July, 1708 528-530 



1714-174§.] ABSTRACT OF LETTERS. J s i x 

Page 

316. Alexander Rose, Bishop of Edinburgh, intimating that he had ordained Mr. 

Nisbett a presbyter. Edinburgh, 17th March 1714 531 

317. Patrick Edmonstoune to Marion Stewart, ' Lady Keir,' with an account of the 

Czar's complaints of the treatment of his minister at the British Court, the 
charges against members of Parliament for taking bribes from the South Sea 
Company, &c. London, 28th February 1721 532 

318. Sir Robert Montgomery of Skelmorlie to his uncle, Hugh Montgomery, on Sir 

Robert's marriage to Frances Stirling. Bruntisland Castle, 30th December 
1715. (Orig. at Eglinton) 532 

319. 320. Two Letters from Frances Stirling, Dowager Lady Montgomerie of Skel- 

morlie, to Hugh Montgomerie of Skelmorlie, on the death of her husband, 
Sir Robert, and her destitute condition. 30th August and 10th September, 
1731. {Orig. at Eglinton) 533,534 

321. James Stirling of Keir to his eldest son John, recommending him to take the 

oaths, and to ' stand for Parliament man for the shire of Stirling.' Cadder, 

24th July 1733 534 

322. James Stirling, the Venetian, to John Stirling of Keir, about the latter's brother. 

Archibald, going to Bengal ; news as to Dr. Fullerton and his wife, &c. 
London, 12th December 1735 535 

323. Archibald Stirling to his brother John Stirling of Keir, giving an account 

of his prospects in India. Calcutta, 25th October 1742 537 

324. James Stirling of Keir to his son Robert Stirling, on the former being confined 

in Dumbarton Castle. Dumbarton Castle, 7th September 1746 538 

325. John Stirling of Keir to his brother Archibald, regretting he could not meet him 

in London, on account of their father's illness. Cadder, 1st November 1748, 539 

326. The Same to the Same on their father's illness. Cadder, 10th February 174|, 540 

327. The Same to the Same, with an account of their father's death. Cadder, 

27th February 174| 540 

k 



IXX ABSTRACT OF LETTERS. [1749-1757. 

Page 

328. George Goring to Archibald Stirling, on the death of his brother Hugh. 

Calcutta, 13th December 1749 541 

329. William Watts to Archibald Stirling, on the same subject. Calcutta, 10th 

February 17fg 541 

330. Colonel William Erskine of Torrie to Archibald Stirling, consenting to his 

marriage to the writer's daughter. London, 14th February 1751 542 

331. Walter, Lord Blantyre, to Archibald Stirling, congratulating him on his 

marriage to Miss Erskine. Paris, 20th April 1751 542 

332. John, Lord Gray, to Archibald Stirling, on the death of his brother John. 

Gray, 9th July 1757 543 



The following Letters are on the same Subject — 

333. William, Duke of Montrose. Buchanan, 14th July 1757 544 

334. George Lord Elibank. Balencreif, 15th July 1757 544 

335. Francis Lord Napier. Edinbellie, 19th July 1757 544 

336. John Lord Gray. Kinfawns, 26th July 1757 545 



ORIGIN OF THE STERLINGS. 



Some genealogical writers have supposed that Henry de Strivelin, youngest 
son of David, Earl of Huntingdon, the brother of King William the Lion, was 
the progenitor of the Stirlings of Keir, and the other families of that sirname 
in Scotland. But these writers have not attempted to trace the descent 
of either the Keir family, or any other family of the sirname of Stirling, 
from this Henry de Strivelin. One of the earliest writers on this subject, 
Mr. John Fairbairn, author of a History of the Drummonds, which was written 
in the year 1656, says, that the third and fourth sons of Earl David were 
Henry of Brechin and Henry of Stirling, so called from their birth-places, 
and proceeds — ' The youngest son of Earl David was Henry of Stirling, 
' the stock of that ancient baron, the Laird of Keir and the rest of that 
' tribe. He had of his father in patrimony, Longfordoun and many other 
' lands in Angus, Mernes, and other places. There came of him one or two 
' who were chancellors in the civil state, and diverse of the clergy compt, 
' who were men of great activities.' 1 

Mr. Fairbairn maintains, at some length, that Henry de Strivelin was a 
legitimate son of Earl David. But if he had been so, his alleged male 
descendants would have claimed the crown of Scotland when it was vacant 
through the failure of male heirs, and competed for by the descendants of 
the sisters of Henry ; for the descendants of Henry himself, if legitimate, 
must have been preferable to the descendants of his sisters ; and the fact 

1 MS. History at Heir. — The first Viscount ' be not clothed with the spangled garbs and 

Strathallan, in his History of the Drummonds ' pindarizing language of the times (nakedness in 

(p. 4), acknowledges the work of Mr. Fairbairn, but ' my conceit being ever the best dress of truth), 

regrets his digressions, which were certainly very ' yet I hope it shall be found so void of gross 

great. He has several chapters headed thus — ' rusticity as might breed in the reader a nausea ; 

' By way of digression;' 'Another long digres- ' and so legible to the satisfyable that it shall 

' sion;' ' A branch of the former large digression ;' ' neither need a buff-coat nor a malzie shirt to 

' Briefly containing another branch of the di- ' guard it against Momuses of the times ; if your 

' gression.' Mr. Fairbairn's style of writing is also ' honours, whom it principally concerns, and for 

somewhat peculiar, as may be gathered from his ' whom I intend it, shall cast your cloak of patro- 

own account of it — ' For the stile although it ' ciny over it.' 

A 



2 ORIGIN OF THE STIRLINGS. 

that no claim was ever made by any one as deriving descent from Henry, 
nor any allusion made to their rights during the keen discussions between 
the many eager claimants, is sufficient of itself to establish his illegitimacy. 

The statement by Mr. Fairbairn, that Henry de Strivelin was the progenitor 
of the Keir family, and others of that name, rests on the supposition, that 
Henry was the first who adopted the sirname of De Strivelin, and the root 
or origin of all the families of that sirname. But this supposition is as erro- 
neous as that regarding his legitimacy. It can be shown, that before Henry 
could have been born, there was at least one family of Strivelin who inherited 
lands in different counties of Scotland. 

Henry's father, Earl David, was born in 1144. Henry was his youngest 
son, and could not well have been born before Ms father was eighteen years of 
age, that is, before 1162. Now, in the time of David I. who died in 1153, 
and who was Henry's great grandfather, and also in the time of Earl David's 
own father, Prince Henry, who died in 1152, there flourished Walter de 
Striveling, who witnessed charters granted by King David and Prince Henry. 
This Walter de Striveling must have been born at the latest twenty years 
before 1152, to enable him to witness charters by Prince Henry. Walter was 
thus older than Henry de Strivelin, or even his father Earl David. 

Another Striveling was therefore established before the existence of Henry 
de Strivelin. Like him, Walter de Striveling had doubtless derived his 
sirname from the town of Stirling, if he was not the successor of others who 
had done so at a still earlier period, of whom no trace has been found. But 
whether Walter was the first who adopted the sirname of Stirling, or merely 
the representative of others who had previously done so, the sirname — dating 
it even from the days of Walter himself — is of high antiquity, and as old 
as any other Scottish sirname, which has continued in direct male succes- 
sion from the days of David I. 1 

1 The etymology of the sirname is uncertain. The name of the town may have been derived 

Stirling having been from an early period a fron- from the Gaelic words Stribh Lin, signifying the 

tier town, and the scene of many a struggle be- strife of streams ; and referring to the situation of 

tween contending armies, is said to have derived the town near three rivers— the Forth, the Teith, and 

its ancient name of Stryveling, which is supposed the Allan. Stirling, like other ancient sirnames, 

to signify strife. [Nimmo's History of Stirling- has undergone a great variety of spellings, as will 

shire, vol. i. p. 266.] be seen from No. 338, p. 648. 



ORIGIN OF THE STIRLINGS. 6 

Several historical and genealogical writers assert, that Walter de Striveling 
was the ancestor of the Stirling's of Keir, but no one has hitherto traced 
the descendants of Walter. 

As the descent of the family now to be stated embraces a period of more 
than seven centuries, and includes twenty successive generations, it will be 
convenient to classify the whole under four heads or chapters, of which the 
first will show the early generations of the Stirling's, from Walter de Striue- 
lyng in 1130, to William de Striuelyng, who died in 1393 ; the second will 
trace the descent from Lukas of Strivelyng (son of William), the first of the 
family who acquired the lands of Keir, to Sir James Striveling, who married 
the heiress of Cawder in 1534, and thus united the families of Keir and 
Cawder, being the period from 1370 to 1588 ; the third from Sir Archibald 
Stirling, who succeeded Sir James in Keir and Cawder in 1588, to James 
Stirling of Keir and Cawder, who forfeited those Estates by Iris adhesion 
to the Stuarts in 1715 ; and the fourth from John Stirling, son of James, 
to William Stirling, the present proprietor. 



CHAPTER I. 

[1130-1393.] 

THE EARLY GENERATIONS OF THE STIRLINGS, FROM WALTER DE STRIUELYNG IN 
1130, TO WILLIAM DE STRIUELYNG WHO DIED IN 1393. 

I. Walter de Striuelyng. 

[1130-1160.] 

Walter de Striueling is mentioned in a charter granted by David I. to 
Nicolas, his clerk, of twenty shillings out of the lands of Hedinhame or 
Edname in Teviotdale, held of the King by Peter de Striuelyng, son of 
Walter. 1 This charter is not dated, but was probably granted about the 
year 1150. 

Walter de Strivelyng is one of the witnesses to a charter of confirmation 
by Henry, Prince of Scotland, son of David I., to the church of Kelso, of 

< Liber tie Dryburgh, No. 158, p. 111. 



4 PETER DE STRIUELYNG, 1150-1180. 

the grant of the church of Sprouston, by John, Bishop of Glasgow. This 
confirmation was made at Roxburgh, on the Kalends of July, without the 
year being stated; but it must have been previous to 12th June 1152, when 
Prince Henry died. 1 

Walter de Striueling had two sons, Peter de Striueling, and John, who 
adopted the sirname of Lambdene, from the lands of that name in Teviotdale, 
which he inherited from his father. This appears from a charter granted by 
' Johannes de Lambdene, filius Walteri de Striueling,' to the church of Kelso, 
of a toft and croft, and eight acres, in the village of Lambdene, circa 1160. 2 
To this charter Walter, the son of John, is a witness. 3 

Nisbet says, that ' Stirling of Keir has always been reckoned the prin- 
' cijial family of the name, and thought to be descended from Walter de 
' Striveline,' 4 and Sir James Dalrymple, that ' Walter de Strivelyn was 
' perhaps the predecessor of Stirling of Keir.' 5 It will now be shown, while 
tracing the successive generations of the family, that the general belief, as 
expressed by these writers, is well founded. 

II. Peter de Striuelyng oe Cambusbarron. 

[1150-1180.] 

Malcolm IV. granted to the church of Dryburgh, in pure and perpetual 
alms, two marks yearly in Edinham, 'quas Nicolas clericus meus habuit in 
' terra Petri, 6 -filii Valteri de Strevelyn,' circa 11 60. 7 

William the Lion confirmed an excambion between the church of Dun- 
fermline and the King's chaplains at Stirling, of certain lands there, which 

1 Liber de Calehou, No. 382. 2 Ibid. No. 298. William de Camera, Lord of Ruchnawys, Peter de 

3 A branch of the Stirlings continued to be con- Strevelyne, cousin of Hugh Fraser, is a witness, 
nected with Roxburghshire till the reign of David [Original Charter in Southesk Charter Chest.] 
II., who granted to Alexander Striuelyng a Dis- There was another charter \>y Hugh Fraser, Lord 
charge of the Castle wards furth of his lands in of Lovat and of Kynnell, to Peter de Stvivelyne, 
Roxburghshire. [Robertson's Index of Charters, and John his eldest son, whom failing to Hugh his 
p. 38, No. 28.] second sou, of the lands of Easter Brelsy, in the 

4 Heraldry, vol. i. p. 401, 2nd edition, 1804. barony of Kynnell and shire of Forfar. This char- 
6 Collections, p. 410. ter is dated 30th March 1407, and was confirmed 
The Christian name of Peter continued to be by the Regent Albany on 30th March 1410. [Reg. 

used by the Angus branch of the Stirlings. In a Mag. Sig. Rot. xii. No. 2.] 
charier by Hugh de Fraser, Lord of Kynnell, to ~ Liber de Dryburgh, No. 159. 



PETER DE STRIUELYNG, 1150-1180. 5 

are described as lying near the lands of Cambusbarron, belonging to Peter 
de Strivelin. The marches were perambulated by Richard de Moreville 
the Constable, Peter de Striveline, and others. 1 This charter is not dated, 
but it must have been granted before the year 1189, in which the Con- 
stable died. 

As Peter the son of Walter was proprietor of the lands of Cambusbarron 
in Stirlingshire, in addition to the lands of Eclinhame in Teviotdale, it 
is probable that he had inherited the former as well as the latter from his 
father. 2 

Peter de Striuelyng had one son Alexander, and is supposed to have been 
also the father of Thomas de Striuelyng, who was Archdeacon of Glasgow 
and Chancellor of Scotland, &c. This Thomas appears frequently as a wit- 
ness in charters by King Alexander II. Among other instances, a charter 
granted by that King to the Hospital of Soltre, dated at Stirling on the 
last day of September, and the eleventh year of his reign (1225), is attested 
by 'Thoma de Striuelyng Archidiacono Glasguensi, Gilberto de Striuelyng, 
' Alexandre filio Patricio de Striuelyng.' Another charter by the same King, 
dated Edinburgh the 13th September, the fourteenth year of the King's reign 
(1227), is witnessed by ' Thoma de Striuelyne, Archidiacono de Glasgow.' 3 
An account of Thomas Stirling is given in Craufurd's Lives of the Officers 
of State. He says, that Thomas was a younger brother of Alexander, ' and 
' devoting himself to the service of the church, he entered into orders ; was 
' first one of the Clerici Regis, and after that was made Archdeacon of Grlas- 
' gow, and Rector of Morebattle anno 1222. At length King Alexander II. 
' to whom the Archdeacon's parts and integrity was well known, promoted 
' him to the Chancellor's place upon the removal of the Archdeacon of St. 
' Andrews in 1226, and he held the office till his death, which quickly 
' thereafter ensued anno 1227.' 4 

! Registram de Dunfermline, No. 72. Glasguensis, et Magister Matthseus Scotus factus est 

2 The village of Cambusbarron is situated about Cancellarius. [Chron. de Melros ad annum, 1227.] 
a mile south of the town of Stirling. It belongs to Balfour says, that Mr. Matthew Scot was elected 
Mr. Murray of Polmaise, but the title-deeds of Bishop of Aberdeen this same year, ' quho imediatly 
Cambusbarron, in his possession, are not older than ' after hes electione did reseinge the office of Lord 
the 15th century. ' Chanceler; and then the King did make Mr. Gil- 

3 MS. Chartulary of Soltre, iu the Adv. Library. ' bert de Streueling Lord Chanceler in his roume.' 

4 Obiit Thomas, Caiicellarius Regis, Arcludiaconus Annals, i. io. 



6 ALEXANDER DE STRIUELING, 1180-1245. 

III. Sir Alexander de Striueling of Cawder, 1 Sheriff of Striueling. 

[1180-1245.] 

From the charter by King Alexander II., dated, at Stirling 30th September 
1225, above quoted, it appears that Alexander, son of Peter de Striuelyng, was 
a witness along with Thomas de Striuelyng, Archdeacon of Glasgow, his sup- 
posed brother, and Gilbert de Striuelyng, who may have been a brother or 
other relative of Alexander and Thomas. Alexander witnessed numerous 
other charters by William the Lion and Alexander II. About the year 
1180, the lands of 'Cader' and others, were given to the Bishop of Glasgow 
by William the Lion, for the safety of his sold. 2 Soon afterwards the bishop 
appears to have feued out the lands of Cawder to Sir Alexander de Striueling, 
whose descendants have continued to hold them for centuries under the Bishops 
of Glasgow and their successors. 

Sir Alexander de Striueling endowed a chaplainry at the altar of St. Servan, 
which he had founded in the Cathedral Church of Glasgow, with three merks 
annually ' de molendino meo de Cacler.' 3 The charter of endowment is not 
dated, but the first witness named in it is ' H. de Mortuomari,' dean of 
Glasgow, who also witnessed another grant in 1221 ; 4 and the grant by 
Sir Alexander may therefore be held to have been made about that date. It 
was certainly before 1232, as it was confirmed by Walter bishop of Glasgow 
who died in that year. 5 

In a charter by William, son of Patrick, Earl of Dunbar, to the church 
of Kelso, dated 1241, 6 the first witness is ' Domino Alexandra de Striuelin 
' tunc Constabulario de Rokesburg ;' an office which was then of great 

1 The name of this property and parish lias been 3 Register of Glasgow, Nos. 121 and 122. The 
spelt in many different ways, as will he seen in present mill of Cawder is situated near the parish 
the documents hereafter to he cited, Cader, Cadar, church. The site of the old mill is pointed out at a 
Cadare, Cadder, Cawder, and Calder. The spell- large thorn, on the south bank of the Edinburgh and 
ing usually found in maps is Cadder, but that of Glasgow Canal, and about a quarter of a mile to the 
Cawder is hero adopted, because it expresses the west of the present mill. The change of site was 
pronunciation of the word which obtains in the probably occasioned by the formation of the canal, 
district, and which is not expressed by any of * Register of Glasgow, No. 116. 

the other spellings. • Ibid. No. 122, and Treface, p. x.wi. 

2 Register of Glasgow, p. 28, No. 20. K Liber do Calchou, No. 2:10. 



JOHN DE STRIUELING, 1241-1270. 7 

trust and importance, as the castle of Roxburgh was one of the chief border 
strongholds. 

Sir Alexander appears to have been succeeded in his office of sheriff of 
Stirlingshire by his son, 

IV. John de Striueling of Ochiltree, &c. 
[1241-1270.] 
Under the designation of Sheriff of Stirling, he witnessed a charter of Alex- 
ander II. dated at Kirktune, 12th September, in the 28th year of the kind's 
reign (1241). J John de Strivilen confirmed to the hospital of Soltre a toft and 
a croft in his manor of Ochiltree, with common of pasture for four cows 12 
ewes, with their lambs of one year old, and also one thrave of corn from every 
carrucate of his lands ; and of Ms men, wherever they might be, on the southern 
side of the Forth. To that grant Galfred prepositus de Ochiltree was a witness. 2 
John is presumed to have had three sons — 

1. Alexander Striveling of Cawder, from whom descended Janet Stirling, 
heiress of Cawder, who was married to her kinsman, Sir James Stirling of 
Keir, as will afterwards be seen. 

2. Sir John of Oarse and Alva. Sir John de Striveling, Knight, and Wil- 
liam de Striveling, his brother, are witnesses in a charter by William de 
Kynmonde without date, but probably about the year 1290. 3 Sir John was 
present at the pleadings between Bruce and Baliol for the Scotch Crown in 
1292, and there, with the rest, gave his homage to Edward as sovereign and 
lord paramount. Crawford, in his Remarks on the Rag- 
man Roll (which, was subscribed by John de Striueling), 
says that he ' is the ancestor of the Stirling's of Alva 

and Carse, of the same family with the Stirlings of 
' Cadder.' The seal of arms of John, as appended to the 
Ragman Roll, is still preserved, and the shield bears on 
a chief, three buckles, as shown in the annexed woodcut. 

Sir John de Striueling was sheriff and forester of Clackmannan, and lord 
of the Carse of Stirling, and of Alveth, and the superiority of Ochiltree in 

1 Register of Glasgow, No. 180. 3 Chartulary of Cambuskenneth, No. 50. 

2 Chart. Soltre, No. 27. 




8 SIR ALEXANDER DE STRIUELING OF CAWDER, 1272-1300. 

the shire of Linlithgow. He died before the year 1357, and his offices and 
estates were inherited by his only daughter Marjory Striueling. She married 
John de Monteith, a younger son of Monteith of Ruskie ; and resigned her 
offices and estates in the hands of Robert Steward of Scotland, who infeft 
John Monteith, the husband of Marjory, in tbe same. David II. by charter 
dated 25th January, in the twenty-eighth year of his reign (1357), restored 
Marjory and John to her offices and estates, to be held by them and the heirs 
of their marriage, whom failing, the lawful heirs of Marjory, in the same way 
as John de Strevylyn her father held the same. 1 Robert II. confirmed a 
resignation made at Scone, in the parliament held there on 22nd October 
1382, by Marjory Stirling, daughter and heiress of the late John de Stirling, 
to "William Monteith, her son and heir, and Elisabeth, his spouse, of the said 
offices and estates, and also the tenantries of Ochiltree and Pardovane, in the 
barony of "West Kerse : reserving the liferent of Marjory. 2 

On account of this alliance, the Menteiths of Carse always carried the three 
Buckles of the Stirling's, quartered with the Monteith arms. 3 

3. Sir "William, ancestor of the Keir line, whose history will be given 
at page 13, after tracing the descendants of his eldest brother Alexander, who 
inherited Cawder, and carried on that line of the Stirling's till they terminated 
in an heiress, who was married to James Stirling of Keir, and thus again 
united both families. 



the cawdek line. 

(1) Sir Alexander de Striueling of Cawder, Knight. 

[1272-1300.] 

Alexander, the eldest son of John (No. IV.), subscribed the Ragman Roll 
in 1292, under the designation ' del conte de Lanark.' Crawford, in his 

1 No. 3, p. 198. 2 No. 4, p. 200. the Valley of Clude. The condition on which 
3 There flourished at the same time with Marjory Mary of Strinelyne granted the Barony, was her 
Stirling, another lady, who was prohably of the own allegiance to the English king; for in 1347 
Cawder family, from her connection with Clydes- she was received into King David's Peace, and re- 
dale. This was Mary of Striuelyne, Lady of instated ill the Barony of Robertyston, which she 
Robertoune, who in the year 1346 granted to Sir immediately resigned in his hands. [Mun. Vet. 
William of Douglas the barony of Roberstoune in Com. de Mortoun, pp. 50-52.] 



JOHN DE STRIVELING, &C, 1300-1432. 9 

remarks on that roll says, that ' this ' Alexander, ' from vouchers which 
' cannot be called in question, is the head of the family of Stirling's of 
Oalder, near Glasgow.' The eldest son of Alexander was- — ■ 



"& v 



(2) John de Striveling. 

[1300-1333.] 

In 1272 Sir Alexander de Striveling granted a charter of the church lands of 
Alveth, to Saint Servan of Alveth, which is witnessed by ' Johanne filio meo 
' primogenito.' 1 John was lulled, and his cousin, also named John de Striue- 
lin, was taken prisoner at the battle of Halidon Hill, on 19th July 1333. 3 

(3) Sir John of Strivelyne of Cawder and Regorton, Knight. 

[1333-1408.] 

He is presumed to have been the son of John, who was slain at Halidon Hill. 
He inherited the lands of Cawder, which had belonged to his great great 
grandfather, Sir Alexander the Sheriff, and also the lands of Regorton in 
Perthshire. Sir John died in the year 1408, and was succeeded in the lands 
of Cawder and Eegorton by his son, 

(4) William of Strivelyne of Cawder and Eegorton. 

[1408-1432.] 

He obtained from Mathew Bishop of Glasgow, with consent of the Chapter, 
a charter of the lands of Cawder, which is not dated, but must have been 
granted about the end of the year 1408. 8 

William of Strevylling, Lord of Cader, is a witness to a charter of the 
lands of Ballyncorrach and others, by Duncan, Earl of the Levenax, to his 
■' laffwell sone Donald of the Levenax,' dated 22nd July 1421. 4 

1 Chartulary of Cambuskenneth, No. 15. 3 No. 8, p. 204. 

2 Hailes' Annals, vol. iii. p. 92. Edition, 1792, i Case of Lennox of Woodhead, claiming the 
and reference to Knyghton. earldom of Lennox. 

B 



10 SIR WILLIAM STRIVELING OF CAWDER, 1432-1487. 

On 29th April 1432, William of Strivelyne was served heir of Sir John 
of Strivelyne, Knight, his father, in the lands of Eegorton, in the shire of 
Perth, which were held ward of Walter de Haliburton, and had been twenty- 
four years in non-entry, since the death of Sir John, i. e. since 1408. 1 

William of Strivelyne of Cawder acquired, on 3rd August 1422, the lands 
of Gallisholme, lying in the west part of Galliston, and shire of Ayr, in 
wadset, from George Cambell, laird of the west part of Galliston, to be 
redeemable on payment of 20 merks. 2 

In 1431, William Striveling of Cawder was one of the hostages for pay- 
ment of the ransom of King James I. from the king of England. 3 He died 
between 29th April 1432 and 23rd June 1434, and was succeeded by his son, 

(5) Sir William Striveling of Cawder and Eegorton. 

[1432-1487.] 

It appears from an instrument of sasine, dated 23rd June 1434, that he was 
infeft in the lands of Cawder, as heir of his father. 4 

On 21st January 1442, a decree of the Lords of Council was obtained at 
the instance of William of Strivelyne, Larde of Cadare, against Gilbert of 
Striveling, concerning the lands of Kirkmichael Strivelyne, lying above 
Leven, within the shire of Dumbarton, whereby it was found that these lands 
belonged to William, and Gilbert was ordained to remove therefrom, and 
to pay the mail yearly to William, from the time he took sasine thereof. 5 

Sir William Strivelyne died on 6th May 1487. He had five sons: 

1. William his successor. 

2. Humphrey, who was procurator for his father in a requisition concerning 
the lands of Easter Cawder, dated at Stirling, 10th May 1472. G 

3. Eobert and ") procurators for their eldest brother, William of Cawder, 

4. Andrew, j on 7th January 1492. 

5. William, the second of the name. He and Andrew are called sons of 
Sir William in the instrument of sasine in favour of his eldest son William, 
as his heir in Cawder, dated 31st May 1487. 7 

i No. 14, p. 210. 2 No. 11, p. 208. 3 Rot. Sco. II. 277". 4 No. 1G, p. 212. 

'- No. 20, p. 216. ° No. 47, p. 247. 7 No. 57, p. 259. 



william striveling of cawder, 1487-1505. 11 

(6) William Striveling of Cawder. 

[1487-1505.] 

' William Stervelyng, son and heir apparent of the Lord of Cader,' wit- 
nessed a charter by Sir Alexander Montgomeri of Ardrossane, Knight, dated 
13th January 1461. 1 William was served heir to his father in the lands 
of Cawder on 30th May 1487. The jury find, that the lands had been in 
nonentry through the death of Sir William for three weeks and three days. 
He was infeft in Cawder on 31st May 1487, 2 by virtue of a precept by the 
Vicar-General of Robert, Bishop of Glasgow, who was then abroad. William 
Striveling was also infeft in the lands of Kirkmichael Stirlyng, on 31st De- 
cember 1487, 3 and was served heir to his father in the lands of Letter, in 
the earldom of Lennox and shire of Stirling, on 29th May 1487. 4 

On 7th January 1492, William Strevelyne of Cawder granted a pro- 
curatory to Robert and Andrew Strevelyne, his brothers, for resigning his 
lands of Kirkmichael and Blarnarn, in the hands of the superior, in favour 
of William Strevelyne, his son and heir apparent, and Elizabeth Buchanan, 
his wife. 5 

There is still appended to this procuratory the seal of the 
granter, which bears on a Bend engrailed, three buckles. 
The crest is a swan's head issuing out of a coronet, bein 
the same as the original crest of the Earls of Crawford. 
David, the fifth Earl, who was created Duke of Montrose 
in 1488, carried the same crest on his ducal seal. 

It might be thought, that as the Keir family carried the plain Bend, and 
those of Cawder the Bend engrailed, the latter were cadets of the former. 
But the mere fact of engrailing a Bend does not invariably establish cadency. 
Nisbet says — ' Those principal families who have any of those lines of par- 
' tition in their arms, their cadets, in my humble opinion, besides making 
' them crooked by putting them under accidental forms as ingrailed, invecked, 
' waved, &c. should give also some other additional figure or other eminent 

alteration ' — ' for those accidental forms alone do neither shew the degrees 

1 Original at Eglinton. 2 Xo. 57, p. 259. 3 No. 58, p. 262. 

4 No. 56, p. 258. 5 Procuratory at Keir. 




12 • WILLIAM STRIVELING OF CAWDER, &C., 1505-1522. 

' of birth, nor time when cadets descended of principal Houses, and are not 
' so serviceable as the minute differences.' 1 

Sir David Lindsay's Heraldic work, which was written in the middle of 
the 16th century, gives the arms of Stirling of Keir with the Bend engrailed, 
and those of Cawder with the Bend plain, as shown in the fac simile opposite. 
Nisbet mentions, that in the House of Falahill, the Keir arms, with the Bend 
engrailed, were illuminated with those of many others of the Barons of 
Scotland in the year 1604. 2 

With such variation in the use of engrailing the Bend, both by the Cawder 
and Keir families, little weight can be attached to it as an heraldic test of cadency. 

On 27th December 1505, William of Strevelyne, Laird of Cawder, granted 
a precept for giving possession to William of Hamilton in Kincavyll of the 
lands of Craigbrey, in the barony of Bernabogall, and shire of Linlithgow, in 
terms of an assignation of liferent, granted by the said William of Strevelyne. 
One of the witnesses to this precept is Mr. John Strevelyn, curate of Cawder. 3 

William Strevelyne (6) of Cader, died on 11th February 1505. He had 
one son — 

(7) William Stkiveling of Cawder. 

[1505-1517.] 

On 23rd March 1505, he was served hen of his father, the deceased William 
Striveling of Cawder, who had died about forty days before.* He also obtained 
a precept, dated 28th April 1506, from Sir William Menteith of West Kerse, 
Knight, for infefting him as heir of his said father in the lands of Ochiltree, 
in the barony of West Kerse. 

AVilliam Striveling married Elizabeth, daughter of Sir Walter Buchanan 
of that Ilk. 5 He died before 25th April 1517, and was succeeded by his son — 

(8) Andrew Striveling of Cawder. 

[1517-1522.] 

On 25th April 1517, he obtained a precept of clare constat from the said 

1 Essay on Cadency, p. 117. 5 Buchanan Pedigree: ' Written and set furth be 

2 Vol. i. p. 402. ' William Colquhoun, in the year of God 1602.' 

3 No. 74, p. 281. 4 Nn. 75, p. 281. [Bardowie and Leny Charter Chest-l 




r/fOM FOi/O 4- OF 

THE HE//ALD/C Af.S. OF JAMES PONT, -/S2*. 

/JV I YOA/ omc££DMBOMH. 



T/re aiore /S /toeedm Po/rSt' Vo/ltme as Ca/re/r 
"out of ane old M. S. Aeraldiioait or Scots 
"Nob/emea and Ge/ic/cmeris arms /l£tjmv7a,£ 
"in fuarto. " 



SIR WILLIAM DE STRIVELING, 1270-1295. 13 

Sir William Menteitli, for infefting him as heir of his father in the lands of 
Ochiltree. 

He married Marjory Cunynghame, who survived her husband, and died 
shortly before 16th February 1524; 1 Andrew Stirling died before 15th Sep- 
tember 1522, leaving an only daughter — 

(9) Janet Striveling, Heiress of Cawder. 

[1522.] 

She succeeded her father Andrew Striveling in 1522, in the estate of Cawder. 
In 1534 or 1535, she was married to her kinsman James Striveling of Keir, 
and afterwards conveyed the estate of Cawder to him and his heirs, as will be 
more particularly noticed when tracing the Keir line. 

Having now traced the main or Cawder line till its junction with the Keir 
branch, the descent of that branch will next be shown. 

THE KEIE LINE. 

V. Sir William de Striveling, Knight. 

[1270-1295.] 

As already stated (pp. 7-8), the third son of John de Striveling (No. IV.) 
was Sir William de Striveling, Knight. He witnessed a charter by William 
Gourlay to the Abbey of Melrose, in the year 1293, 2 and with Sir John de 
Striveling, his brother, he witnessed a charter by William de Kimnonde to 
the Abbey of Carnbuskennetk. 3 Sir James Balfour, in his Blazons, says, 
that in the year 1292, ' Sir William Stirling carried, parted per fesse, sable 
' and or, three buckles of the last on the first.' 4 

Several seals, belonging to persons of the name of Stirling, are appended 
to the Deeds of Homage — commonly called the Kagman Bolls — which were 
exacted by Edward I. from the Scottish Barons in 1292 and 1296, and are 
preserved in the Chapter House, Westminster. Willelmus de Strevelin 

1 No. 107, p. 320. 3 Chartulary of Cambuskenneth, No. .50. 

2 Sir James Dalrymple's Coll. lxxix. 4 Nisbet's Heraldry, vol. i. p. 40]. 





14 SIR WILLIAM DE STKIVEL1NG, 1270-1295. 

has a shield of arms — on a chief three huckles, supported by two lions, as 
appears from the annexed woodcut. 
Jehan de Striveline, chevalier, bears the 
same coat as already shown. Johannes /i^^^X^\^^^^\ 
de Strivelyn bears six mullets, three, 
two, and one, as appears from the an- 
nexed woodcut. The latter was Sir 
John Striveline of Moray, chief of the family of Snive- 
ling, which settled in Moray. Alexander de Striveling acquired lands there 
before 1234, by marriage with a daughter of Freskin de Kerdale, a near rela- 
tive of the great family of de Moravia, 1 and Sir John was probably the son of 
that marriage. The mullets borne by him were the arms of the Moray family, 
and either through the intermarriage of his father, or from his being a vassal 
of that family,- he had assumed the mullets as arms of alliance or dependence. 
The origin of the Buckles, which have for so long a period been the chief 
Stirling arms, has not been ascertained. Buckles, clasps, and rings in 
heraldry, ' represent power and authority in the bearers, as also an acknow- 
' ledgment of a dependence of sovereign powers ; for such things were of 
' old ordinary gifts of superiors, as badges of fidelity and firmness.' 2 Bunkle 
of that ilk, an old family in Berwickshire, carried on a Bend three buckles. 
Through intermarriage, the Darnley or Lennox Stewarts quartered these 
Buckles with their own arms. It is possible, that one of the early Stirling's, 
who settled in the border counties, may have intermarried with the Bunkles, 
and thus acquired the Buckles in the same manner as the Stewarts. The 
Buckles are the well-known badge of the Leslie family, and though the 
Stirlings acquired Keir from them, it is certain that they did not then assume 
the Buckles, for it can be shown that they carried them two centuries at least 
before their acquisition of Keir. 

It is worthy of notice, that the ancient family of Calder carried Buckles ; 3 
and the present Earl of Cawdor, as representing them, quarters the Buckles 
with his own Campbell coat. It is possible, that Cawder in Lanarkshire may 
have belonged to a family of that name before it was granted by William the 
Lion to the Bishop of Glasgow ; and that Alexander Striveling, on his acquir- 

1 Cliartulary of Moray, No. 86. 2 Nisbet, i. 401. 3 Laing's Seals, p. 31, No. ISO. 



JOHN DE STRIWELYNE OF RATHORAN, &C, 1295-1393. 15 

ing the estate, or through an intermarriage with the family, may have adopted 
the Buckles. 

Sir William Striveling is presumed to have been father of — 

VI. John de Striwelyne of Eathoran in Lorn. 

[1295-1339.] 

John de Striwelyne is presumed to have been taken prisoner at Halidon 
Hill on 19th July 1333, where his cousin of the same name was slain. 

John de Striwelyne married Mary, the aunt of John of Argyll, Lord of Lorn, 
the last of the male line of tbe ancient Lords of Lorn, who claimed descent 
from Dugal, the son of Somerled of Argyle and the Isles. John of Lorn 
granted to Mary, his aunt, the wife of John de Strevelyn, the lands of Ea- 
thoran, and others, in Lorn, to be held of the granter for payment of a pair 
of spurs. This charter is dated at Perth on the Nativity of St. Mary 1338 ; 2 
and it was perhaps granted to the lady on the occasion of her marriage. 

In the following year, 1339, John de Striwelyne and Alan Boyd, styled by 
Fordun ' valentes armigeri,' commanded the Archers, under the Steward of 
Scotland, at the siege of Perth, when they were both slain. 3 

The death of John de Striwelyne at Perth is also recorded by Wyntonn 

in his Cronykil — 

' Qwhil thai ware lyand at that Touri 

' Thai had oft tymys bykkoryng, 
1 Qwhare there wes far and nere schotyng 
' Thaire deyd twa Scottis Sqwyeris 
' As thai war governand thaire archerys 
' Alane Boyd and Jhone of Stryvelyne.' 4 
He was father of — 

VII. William of Strivelyn of Eathoran. 

[1339-1393.] 

William may have been born in 1339, being the year following the marriage of 
his parents. He possessed the lands of Eathoran by the same tenure as they had 

1 Hailes' Annals, vol. iii. p. 92. Edition, 1792, 2 No. 2, p. 198. 3 Fordoun, xiii. 45. 

and reference to Knyghton. * Vol. ii. p. 233-4. 



It! LUKAS OF STRIVELYNG OF RATHORAN, &c, 1370-1449. 

been granted to Mary, the wife of John de Striwelyne, and her heirs. It ap- 
pears from the retour of his son in 1423, that William had been dead about 
thirty years, that is, since 1393, fifty-five years after the grant to Mary Stirling. 



CHAPTER II. 

[1370-1588.] 

FROM LUKAS OF STRIVELYNG (SON OF WILLIAM), THE FIRST OF THE FAMILY WHO 
ACQUIRED THE LANDS OF KEIR, TO SIR JAMES STRIVELING, WHO MARRIED 
THE HEIRESS OF CAWDER IN 1534, AND THUS RE-UNITED THE FAMILIES OF 
KEIR AND CAWDER. 

VIII. LUKAS 1 OF STRIVELYNG OF EATHORAN, EATHERNE, BoQUHUMBRY, 
AND THE FIRST OF KeIR. 

[1370-1449.] 
He acquired the lands of Eatherne or Quoigs, which he in the parish of 
Dunblane, about the end of the 14th or beginning of the 15th century. On 
8th October 1414, he obtained a charter from Euphemia Countess Palatine 
of Stratherne, of the lands of Wester Eatherne, in the earldom of Stratherne, 
under a limitation to him and the heirs-male of his body, whom failing, to 
William of Strivelyne, Lord of Cadar, and the heirs-male of his body, whom 
failing, to the nearest heirs-male of the sirname of Strevelyne, whom failing, 
to the said Lucas's nearest heirs whomsoever, whom failing, to return to 
the Countess and her heirs. 2 This charter proceeds upon the resignation 
made by Lukas, in consecpience of a taillie between him and the said William 
of Strevelyne of Cadar, who appears to have been his nearest heir-male, 
failing his own children. This family arrangement by the two cousins, at 
so early a period, corroborates the relationship between them. 

On 11th January 1423, Lucas of Strevelyn was served nearest heir of the 
deceased William of Strevelyn his father, in the said lands of Eathoran and 

1 The Christian name of Luke is of great anti- tiny. He and his predecessors were benefactors of 

quity in the earldom of Stratherne. Luke, son of the Abbey of Inchaffray. [Chartulary of Inch- 

Theobold, son of William the son of Clement, was affray]. 

Lord of Pethlandy, in the middle of the 13th cen- 2 No. 10, p. 206. 



LUKAS OF STRIVELYNG FIRST OF KEIR, 1414-1449. 17 

others. The retour hears, that William of Strevelyn had been dead about 
thirty years. 1 

Besides possessing Kathoran and Katherne, Lukas of Strevelyn acquired 
Bouchquhumgre, in the barony of Leslie, and shire of Fife, and was desig- 
nated of these lands in 1448, when mutual excambions of lands were made 
between him and George Lord the Leysly of Lewyn, whereby the former 
acquired Keir, and the latter Bynzharty and the hills of Ballingalle, in the 
lordship of Leslie. These excambions were made by procuratories of resigna- 
tion granted by the respective proprietors. The procuratory by Lukas of Ster- 
ling is dated 6th May 1448. It empowers William of Sterling, his son and 
apparent heir, to resign Bynzharty and the hills of Ballingalle, holding of the 
baron of that ilk, at Leysly, the Lord's chief place of the same barony. This 
procuratory is still preserved in the Rothes charter-chest. 2 
It has the seal of Lukas appended — on a bend, three 
buckles, as shown in the annexed woodcut. The buckles 
thus continued to be carried by Lukas Striveling in the 
15th century, as they had been by his ancestor William 
de Striveling in the 13th, with this change, that they 
were borne by both the Cawder and Keir families on 
a bend instead of a chief. This variation is noticed by Nisbet, who does not 
attach any importance to the different situation of the Buckles. 

On the day following, 7th May 1448, a procuratory was granted by 
George of Leysly, Lord of that ilk, for resigning in the king's hands, the 
half of the lands of Keyr, in favour of Lucas of Striveling of Boquhumgre. 3 

Lukas had previously acquired a wadset of Keir from Norman of Lesly of 
Kothes, and was infeft in them on 22nd January 1433. 4 In this instrument, 
Lukas is designated of Retherne, and he had probably acquired Bouquhumgre 
between that date and 1448, when he is designated of the latter estate. 

The place of Keir, 5 which was thus originally acquired by Lukas of 

1 No. 12, p. 209. Luke de Striveling of Katherne, the Duncan Striveling who is stated to have been the 

and Duncan de Striveling, were two of the inquest on first of the Craigbarnet Stirlings.— Vide p. 127, infra, 

the service of Sir John Haldane, Knight, as son and 2 No. 24, p. 221. 3 No. 25, p. 222. 

heir of Sir Bernard Haldane, Knight, 2nd October * No. 15, p. 211. 

1425. [Gleneagles Writs, quoted in Dennistoun 5 Occasionally in the 15th century, and generally 

MSS.] This Duncan may be the same person as during the ICth, Keir was called ' The Keir.' Sub- 

C 




18 LUKAS OF STRIVELYNG FIRST OF KEIB, 1414-1449. 

Striueling, and other Keirs in the same district of the country, is thus 
described hy the Rev. Dr. Robertson — ' Kier is one of a chain of rude 
' forts, which are all called Kiers, that run along the north face of the 
' Strath or valley of Monteath. These forts are at present in ruins, and 
' are discernible to strangers only by knolls of green surface covering a 
' great heap of loose stones ; but well known to the inhabitants of the 
' country, who carry away the stones for building enclosures and houses. 
' One of these forts was situated at the place of Keir. There are also 
' kiers at Achiusalt, at Borland, at Balinackader, at Tar, and in many 
' other places of that direction, all similar to one another in respect of 
' situation, construction, prospect and materials ; which is a strong pre- 
' sumption at least, if not a clear proof, that their use was the same.' 1 
In the neighbouring parish of Kippen, many places have the name of 
Keir — ' which bear the marks of some ancient military work, namely — 
Keir-hill of Glentirran, Keir-hill of Dasher, Keir-brae of Drum, Keir- 
know of Arnmore, and Keir-brae of Garden. On the summit of each of 
these, there is a plain of an oval figure, surrounded with a rampart, which 
in most of them still remains entire. The Peel of Garden, on which there 
is a work of the same kind, is less elevated in point of situation. It 
rises but a little above the carse. The enclosure, however, is considerably 
larger than that of the keirs ; and the rampart and ditch, in respect of 
form and appearance, have suffered less from the injuries of time.' 2 
There is a parish called Keir in Dumfriesshire, which the learned author 
of Caledonia says, derives from the British Caer, signifying a fort. ' This 
( appellation has assumed the form of Keir in many names of places in 
1 North Britain. A range of British or Caledonian forts along the northern 
' side of the Forth are still called Keirs by the Scoto-Saxon people ; but 
' Caer by the Gaelic inhabitants.' 3 This etymology is confirmed by the New 
Statistical Account of the Parish of Keir, which states, that close by a farm- 
house, now called Nether Keir, a tower once stood. 

sequent to that date, the present name was com- mile to the south-west of Keir House, was perhaps 

monly adopted. It lias been variously spelt Keyr, the site of the original castle of Keir. 

Keyre, Kere, Keer, Keire, and Keir. ' Auld Keir,' ' Statistical Account of Lecropt Parish, 1796. 

which is now a farm on the low grounds, about a 2 Ibid. Kippen. 3 Caledonia, vol. iii. p. 106. 



SIR WILLIAM OF STBIVELINE OF KEIR, 1420-1471. 19 

Sir Walter Scott celebrates the Keir in the Lady of the Lake — 
' Blairdrunmiond sees the hoofs strike fire, 
' They sweep like breeze through Ochtertyre, 
' They mark just glance and disappear, 
; The lofty brow of ancient Keir.' 

Lukas of Strevelyn, the first acquirer of Keir, died between 10th December 
1449 and 13th April 1452. He had a sou, William, who succeeded him, 
and a daughter, Margaret, who was married to Sir Colin Campbell, second 
son of Sir Duncan Campbell of Lochaw, which Sir Colin ' wes the first 
'' laird of Glenurquhay discenditt off the house off Lochow off the name 
' of Campbell.' l 

It appears from the same authority, that Margaret Stirling was the fourth 
wife of Sir Colin Campbell, and that on her ' he begatt tua sones, the eldar 
' cailit Jhone Campbell (quka thaireftir succedit Laird of Laweris), the 
' other namit George Campbell, quha deit young, and ane dochtir cailit 
' Helene Campbell, quha wes first mareit on Makeane of Ardnamurrocb, 
1 and thereaftir on Makgregoure.' 2 

An instrument quoted in the same work records, that on the 9th of Feb- 
ruary 1468, Margaret de Striveling, Lady of Glenurquba, ' In curia de 
' Glenclochyrt, tenta apud Kandrocht Kilin, per balivum ejusdem a Johanne 
' M c Molcalum M c Gregor, petiit firmas suas de terris de Coreheynan. Qui 
' Johannes respondebat plane in facie prefate curie, coram omnibus ibidem 
' existentibus, denegauit, et dixit quod non accepit assedationem dictarum 
' terrarum a dicta domina Margaretta, sed a Deore de Meser, et quod non 
' tenebatnr in aliquas firmas de terminis elapsis, quia solvit illas dicto 
' Deora quo accepit prefatus terras.' 3 



IX. Sir William of Stkiveline, of Ratherne and Keib, Knight. 

[1420-1471.] 

William, afterwards Sir William of Striveling, Knight, the eldest son and 
heir of Lukas, was commonly designated of Ratherne after ,iis father's death. 

1 Black Book of Taymouth, p. !). 3 Ibid. Preface, p. xxxvi. John de Stirling is 

2 Ibid., pp. 11, 12. one of the witnesses to this instrument. 



20 



SIR WILLIAM OF STEIVELINE OF KEIR, 1420-1471. 



Although he inherited that part of Keir which was acquired by his father 
from Norman Leslie, and acquired himself the other half of Keir, he was 
not usually designated of that estate. 

William of Streveline acquired several estates. In 1448, he obtained 
the lands of Lubnoch, in Stragartney, from Jonet of Kinross, Lady of Kip- 
penross. The charter bears to be granted in consideration of his help 
and counsel afforded to the lady in recovering those lands which her fore- 
fathers had wadset to John of Menteith. The reddendo was a roebuck's 
head. 1 

In the year 1455, he bought the half of the lauds of Keir, commonly 
called Kere-Hawden (Haldane), from Walter Hawden of Kelore, 2 and also 
the middle part of the lands of Grlassrngall, Schanraw and Garnortone, in 
the earldom of Stratherne, from Archibald of Kynbnck of that ilk. 3 In the 
year 1468, he also acquired from the said Archibald of Kynbuck, the lands 
of Lytil and Mekle Kynbuck, in the regality of Stratherne.* 

On 16th August 1466, Sir William Streveling of Keir, was infeft in five- 
eighth parts of the lands of Kennoway in Fife, on a charter by Thomas 
Chalmers, the superior. 5 

William of Striveline was knighted in 1460, and died between 8th Sep- 
tember 1468 and 23rd May 1471. 

Sir William was thrice married — 1st, to Margaret Cunninghame; 2dly, in 
1466, to Eufame; 6 and 3dly, to Agnes Bruce, who survived him, and mar- 
ried, before 1491, David Blare of Adamtoun, whom she survived. She was 
alive on 15th July 1513. By Ms first marriage he had— 

1. William, his heir. 
And by the third — 

2. John Striveling, who entered into a contract with his nephew, Sir 
John Stirling of Keir, dated 15th July 1513, whereby John obliges him- 
self to renounce all his right to the lands of Monyvilowstoun and Balqu- 
homry, and to cause his mother, Agnes Bruss, to renounce her right to the 
said lands ; in consideration whereof the said Sir John is to infeft his uncle 
in ten merks' worth of the lands of Lumbarry, in the barony of Bambreich, 
and shire of Fife, and to give him four merks' worth of land which he had 

1 No. 26, p. 222. 2 No. 31, p. 227. 3 No. 32, p. 228. G Great Seal Register, 27th October 146G. The 

4 Ken- Writs. 5 No. 41, p. 239. sirname of this lady has not been ascertained. 



SIB WILLIAM OF STRIVELINB OF KEIK, 1420-1471. 21 

of the king, called the West Third of Eatterne, with the hall on the Hall 
mark which John of Lummysden inhabited, with seed and corn and whole 
plenishing thereof, for his service done and to he done to Sir John. 1 

This John Striveling was probably father of Kobert Striveling of Wellcoyg, 
whose two daughters and heirs, Margaret and Mariot Striveling, in 1531, 
resigned these lands to Sir John Striveling of Keir, for certain good deeds 
done by him to them. 2 

3. "William : The existence of William is proved by the following evidence : 
William Striuilin, brother to the Laird of Kere, was ordained by the 

Lords of Council, on 3rd February 1488, to restore to James Simson a great 
number of cattle, horses, and goods taken by WiUiam and his accomplices 
from the place of Lekra. 3 On 27th February 1489, the said Lords ordained 
certain persons named in their decree, to relieve ' William of Striuelin, brother 
' to the Lard of Kere,' at the hands of James Simson, from payment of por- 
tions of the above goods ; 4 and the Lords Auditors ordained, on 13th October 
1479, that William of Striuiling of the Kere, and William his brother, should 
relieve John Bishop of Dunblane of £26, 8s. 5 

William Stirling having been called by the same Christian name as his 
eldest brother the laird, it may be doubted if the former was legitimate, as 
it was not usual for two brothers-german to have the same Christian name. 

4. Lewis, who was concerned in an adventure with Squire Meldrum, re- 
garding the widowed Lady GUeneagles, which will be afterwards noticed. 

Besides these sons, Sir William Striveling of Keir appears to have had 
a daughter, Catherine Striveling. In Martine's Genealogical Account of the 
Betons of Balfour, it is stated, that John Beton, the fourth Laird of Balfour, 
married ' Catherine Stirling, daughter to the Laird of Keir, and got in tocher 
' with her the eight part of the lands of Kennoway, which was the begin- 

1 Keir Writs. worset, 2 sarkis, a brest curche, three sekkis, a 

2 Ibid. woman's haik, a pair of scheris, 2 hewin axis, a 

3 Acta Dom. Cone., p. 106. The articles -which womyll, a borale, a dosane of horse schone, twa 
were taken by William Striuiling were very mis- plew irnis, and all irue graith belanging to twa 
cellaneous — as the following specimens will show — plewis, a tangis, a pare of womanis knyffis. 

10 oxen, 18 kye, 4 young nolt, 2 pair of sheets, twa 4 Acta Dom. Cone, p. 132. 

gownis, a pare of doune coddis, a blew palin of 5 Acta Auditorum, p. 86. 



22 SIR WILLIAM OF STRIVELING OF KEIR, 1471-1503. 

' nirtg of their interest there.' 2 There is no evidence of this marriage in the 
Keir charter-chest ; but the papers may have perished in the burning of Keir, 
which took place in 1488, as will be afterwards more particularly noticed. 
The ownership of Kennoway by the Stirlings, and their connection with the 
Betons, are established by documents still in the Balfour charter-chest. These 
are — an instrument of sasine of five-eighth parts of the lands of Kennoway, 
proceeding on a charter by Thomas Chalmer the superior, in favour of Sir 
William Streveling of Keir, Knight, dated the 16th of August 1466 ; and 
assedation in feu-farm by Sir William Streveling in favour of John Bethune 
of Balfour, ' his louit cousing,' of the said lands of Kennoway, dated 15th July 
1473. 2 

X. Sir William of Striveling of Kere, Knight. 

[1471-1503.] 

William of Striveling was infeft as heir to his father in the lands of Keir, 
Glassingall, Lubnocht and others, on a Crown precept, dated 23rd May 1471. 3 
In 1472, he founded a chaplainry at the altar of the VirgiD, on the north 
side of the Cathedral Church of Dunblane, for the salvation of King James III., 
John Hepburn, Bishop of Dunblane, Lucas Striveling, Sir Wilham Striveling, 
and Margaret his wife (his own father and mother), and for the salvation of 
himself, his wife, and children — endowing the chaplain with a toft and croft 
of the land of Keir, lying under the town thereof, the lands of Schanrach 
and Wodland, parts of Glassingall, and an annualrent of forty shillings from 
the lands of Kippanerayt and the Mill of Strowe — to be held by the chaplain 
for performing divine service at the said altar ; and declaring, that the latter 
should forfeit bis office if he absented himself from his duty for two months, 
and that the right of patronage shoidd belong to the said William of Strive- 
ling and his heirs, if they presented a chaplain within two months after a 
vacancy. This endowment was much more ample than those usually made in 
favour of chaplains. 4 

1 MSS. Advocates' Library. Printed in illustra- 2 Nos. 41 and 43, pp. 239-241. 

tions of the Reign of Queen Mary, &c. Maitland :) No. 45, p. 243. George and Malcolm Striveling 

Club, p. 154. are witnesses to this sasine. 4 No. 46, p. 244. 



SIR WILLIAM OF STRIVELING OF KEIR, 1471-1503. 23 

On 1st March 1472, William Stirling of Keir granted a charter of his 
lands of Balquhomry to Mariot Fleming, his spouse, daughter to Eobert 
Lord Fleming, in liferent, and their children to be procreated, in fee. 1 

In 1473, he resigned, in the hands of James III. the lands of the Kere, 
Lupnoich, Glassingawis, Dachlewane, and Batherne-Strivelin, in the earl- 
dom of Stratherne, and the lands of Strowy in Perthshire ; and obtained a 
letter under the Privy Seal of the King, declaring them united to the barony 
of Keir. 2 

He granted a tack of the lands of Tullikettill to his neighbour, Humphrey 
Murray of Abercairney, which he was called on to warrant in 1485. 3 

This Laird of Keir espoused the cause of the nobles, headed by Prince 
James, against King James III. Shortly before the battle of Sauchieburn, 
or as it was also called, the Field of Stirling, and after a skirmish with the 
Eoyal Forces, in which the Prince's party were unsuccessful, the Prince took 
refuge in the Tower of Keir, but he was driven out, and the place burned 
to the ground by his pursuers. 

On 7th January 1488, soon after the accession of James IV., William 
Striveline resigned in the king's hands, the lands of Kere, the Tower 
and Place of Kere, the lands of Kippendavy, Glassingall, Strowe, Lupnoch, 
Eatherne-Strivling, Dachlewane, and an annualrent of 40s. out of Kippen- 
rate, 4 and on the same day, a charter passed the Great Seal, by which 
the King, after narrating, that the Tower and Place of Kere had been 
burned by order of James III. when last at Striveling, by the instigation 
of his evil councillors, by which all the old writs and evidents relating to 
the said lands had been destroyed, erected all the said lands and others 
into a Barony, to be called the Barony of Keire, and to be held blanch for 
payment of a pair of gilt spurs at the Tower of Kere, on the feast of St. 
John the Baptist. 5 

When James IV. accepted the resignation of the barony of Kere for a new 
erection, he had knighted the Laird, for in the instrument he is styled William 
Striveling, and in the charter, Sir William. 

1 Wigton Inventory Book, p. 65. Causes and Complaints, 1st March 1485, in Aber- 

2 No. 48, p. 247. cairney Charter Chest. 

3 Original Decreet of the Lords Auditors of * No. 61, p. 264. 5 No. 02, p. 205. 



24 SIR WILLIAM OF STRIVELING OF KEIR, 1471-1503. 

James IV. also granted, on 28th October 1488, £100 to ' Scliir Wilzeam 
' of Stirling to the bigging of his place.' J 

This grant of money, the erection of the barony of Keir, and the knight- 
hood, formed the recompence which Sir William Striveling received for 
his support of the cause of James IV. and for his losses at the hands of 
James III. 

Sir William Striveling was engaged in the battle of Sauchieburn, and 
having been one of the three who were said to pursue the king from the 
field of battle, he has been accused of having been directly implicated in 
the murder of the king. 

The accusation against Sir William Stirling is stated by Scott in his 
Tales of a Grandfather. He says — ' Who this murderer was has never been 
' discovered, or whether he was really a priest or not. There were three 
' persons, Lord Gray, Stirling of Keir, and one Borthwick a priest, observed 
' to pursue the king closely, and it was supposed that one or other of them 
' did the bloody deed.' 

This statement is obviously taken from Buchanan, who says — ' There 
' were three who pursued the king very closely in his flight, namely — Patrick 
' Gray, the head of his family, Sterline of Ken, and a priest named Borth- 
' wick; but it is not well known which of them gave him his mortal 
' wound.' 

While Buchanan, followed by Scott, names three persons who pursued 
the king, and from that circumstance suspects one or other of them as 
having done the deed, this is at variance with the earlier and more authentic 
history of Pitscottie, 2 who accuses Lord Gray's servant alone. 

Pitscottie's Chronicle was written about the year 1565. He was assisted 
in his work by the brother and successor of David Lord Lindsay of the 
Byres, who stood so stedfastly by James III. and j^resented him with the 
horse which carried him from the field of battle. If there had been any 

1 Treasurer's Accounts 1488. In the same Trea- sand pounds for damage and skaith sustained by 

surer's Account, there is entered a payment of £4, Sir William in the destruction and spuilzeing of 

12s. to ' Jok of Striueling to mak greyth to the his place of the Kere, 3d July 1489. Acta Dom. 

' Kingis Cross Bowis.' Sir William Stirling ob- Auditor, p. 130. 

tained a decree by the Lords Auditors against Sir 2 History of Scotland by Robert Lindsay of Pits- 
Adam Murray, Knycht, to pay the sum of a thou- cottie, 3d Edition, p. 143. 



SIR WILLIAM OF STRIVELING OF KEIR, 1471-1503. 25 

suspicion or tradition that the Laird of Keir stabbed the king, Pitscottie 
and Lord Lindsay would not have failed to notice it in their chronicle, 
instead of attributing the act to the servant of Lord Gray. 

On this evidence, Sir William Striveling might be cleared of the vague 
suspicion first thrown out by Buchanan about a century after the battle. 
But this is not the only evidence tending to exculpate the Laird of Keir 
of any part in the assassination of James III. There is an Act of Par- 
liament, almost contemporary with the event, which provides, ' be the 
' command and advertisement of our sovereign lord the king,' that ' for 
' the eschewing and ceasing of the heavy murmurs and noise of the people 
' of the deid' (death) ' and slaughter of our sovereign lord's fader .... 
that the person or persons that put violent hands on his person, and 
' slew him, are nocht punished,' a reward should be given to any who 
' should make known those that were the overthrowers of the late king 
' with their hands,' James IV. being ( maist desirous' that the ' perpetrators 
' be known and punished after their demerits/ calling the murder an ' odious 
' and cruel deed,' and a reward of 100 merks worth of land is offered for 
the discovery. 1 

If at the date of this Act, and previous to it, rumour had pointed to the 
Laird of Keir as the guilty person, the king would have been obliged to take 
cognizance of him, to satisfy the ' heavy murmurs and noise of the people.' 
But instead of this, James IV. conferred upon him repeated favours, and 
treated him in a manner which he could not have done had he been 
suspected of his father's murder, regarding which the king himself is said 
to have entertained keen remorse. 

Abercromby in Ins Martial Atchievements, thus refers to the death of 
James III. e All that we certainly know of the matter is, that he was 
inhumanely murdered in a mill to which he had retired ; some say by 
the Lord Gray, Bobert Stirling of Keir, and Sir Andrew Borthwick, 
an unworthy priest. Fame, says Hawthornden, reporteth that the priest, 
after shriving, which I take to be hearing his confession, stabbed him 
with a dagger. But I much doubt whether one that was so wicked 
as to take away his life, would, especially in that haste and hurry, be 

1 Acts of Parlt., ii. p. 230. 

D 



26 SIR WILLIAM OF STRIVELLKG OF KE1R, 1471-1503. 

' capable of so much good, as to endeavour the salvation of his soul. 
' They of the sirname of Stirling, which is certainly one of the most 
' loyal in the kingdom, are very much dissatisfied that any of them should 
' be thought guilty of such an infamous action as the murder of a king. 
' They say that it was not Kobert, but one Sir William Stirling, who 
' was Laird of Keir at the time. Nor are they of the sirname of Gray less 
' offended upon the same account. And Ferrerius tells us expressly, that 
' it was never known who those savage and furious rebels were that gave 
' the blow to the Icing.' 1 

Ferrerius' History of Scotland was written about the same time as 
Pitscottie's. The evidence of these two early authors, coupled with the 
contemporary proceedings of James IV. and Sir William Striveling, seems 
to exculpate the latter from any direct participation in the mmder of 
James III. 

On 28th February 1491, the ' Forspekkare' for Agnes Brois, widow of 
David Blare of Adamtoun, asked in presence of the Lords of Council a 
' Not' that the procurator for the Laird of Keir answered to the allegation 
of George Lord Seton, that he had paid to the said Laird of Kere 312 
merks for redemption of the lands of Monyvylouston and Kin wad : ' That 
' the said soume was nocht payit in sufficient money, bot in blak money, 
' nocht haffand corns for the tyme, gif ony money wes payit.' 2 

On 14th July 1492, the Lords of Council ordained, that Sir William 
Striueling of the Kere, Knycht, as heir to umquhile Sir William Striui- 
ling, his father, should warrant ten pounds worth of the lands of Mony- 
vyloustoun, or other lands of equal value, to ' Agnes Brois and hir Banns.' 3 
' Agnes the Bruce, Lady of Perston/ was again before the Lords of Council 
on 23rd November 1503, in an action against the same Sir William Striue- 
ling of the Keir, Knight, anent the avale and quantity of the lands of Moni- 
vyloustoun, which Agnes had recovered from Sir- William. In this action 
John Striueling was procurator for Agnes. 4 

Sir William married — 1st, in 1472, Mariot, daughter of Bobert Lord 
Fleming, s. p. ; 2nd, before 1495, Margaret Crichtoun, daughter of James 

1 Abercromby, vol. ii. p. 477. 3 Acta Dom. Con., p. 254. 

2 Acta Dom. Con., p. 215. 4 Ibid., 23d Novr. 1503, vol. xv. 



SIR WILLIAM OF STRIVELING OF KEIE, 1471-1503. 27 

Crichtoun of Ruthvendenny (afterwards the second wife s. p. of Sir John, 
first Lord SeinpiH), 1 and had by her — 

1. Sir John, his heir. 

2. William. ' Wikeame of Striueling, brother to Sir John Striueling 
' of the Keir, Knycht,' is a witness to a contract between Sir John and 
John Kinross of Kippenross, dated 10th April 1516. 2 

3. Katherine Stirling, the second wife of Archibald, Earl of Angus, called 
' Bell the Cat,' of which marriage was Sir Archibald Douglas, appointed 
Lord Treasurer in 1526, whom James V. at one time loved to call his 
' Grey Steil ' (a hero of popular romance), the progenitor of the Douglases of 
Kilspindie. He was attainted and forfeited by Parliament on 5th September 
1528, and retired into France ; but weary of exile, he returned to Scotland. 
He went to Stirling, and threw himself on Ms knees before the king, when 
returning from hunting, and implored permission to lead an obscure life 
in his native land. The king passed the suppliant without an answer, 
and rode briskly up the steep hill towards the castle. Kilspindie kept pace 
with the horse, in vain endeavoming to catch a glance from the implacable 
monarch. He sat down at the gate, wearied and exhausted, and asked 
for a draught of water, which was refused by the royal attendants. Re- 
turning into France, he died of a broken heart. His forfeiture was rescinded 
15th March 1542, when Archibald Douglas of Kilspindie, his son and heir, 
was restored to his estates. 3 

Katherine Stirling had by Alexander, third Lord Home, Great Chamberlain, 
a natural son, John Home. On 11th June 1513, Lord Home granted a pre- 
cept for infefting her in liferent, and John Home, their son, and his heirs, in 
fee, in the lands of Innerallon, in the shire of Stirling. 4 This grant was 
made on account of the great love and favour which Lord Home bore to 
the said Katherine Stirling and her son. 

On 24th August 1541, Alexander, Master of Home, with consent of 
George, Lord Home, his father, and his curators, granted a charter to the 
said John Home, and his heirs, whom failing, to Andrew Home, broth er- 
german of the Master, and the heirs whomsoever of the latter, of the 

1 Douglas Peerage. 3 Wood's Peerage, i. p. 435 and Minstrelsy of the 

2 No. 97, p. 30fi. Border, I. xxi. ' No. 88, p. 296. 



28 SIR WILLIAM STEIVELING OF KEIR. 1471-1503. 

half of the lands of Innerallon ; 1 and on this charter John Home was 
infeft. 

In 1557, the lands fell to the Crown on the death of John Home ; and 
Queen Mary granted a presentation in favour of James Striveling of Keir, 
and Janet Chisholme his wife, in joint fee, and the heirs of James, of the 
half of the lands of Innerallon, fallen in Her Majesty's hands by the death 
of John Home, therein designed of Hutounhall, a bastard, without lawful 
heirs of his body, or without making a disposition thereof in his lifetime, 2 
This presentation was made for the purpose of having the presentees 
entered to the lands by the superior, Alexander Lord Home, who refused 
to obey the same. He refused also to obey a third precept under the 
Quarter Seal, and a fourth precept was issued in 1570, directed to the 
sheriff of Stirling for expecting infeftment, in respect Lord Home had 
refused to do so. The sheriff accordingly infeft James Striveling and 
Janet Chisholme. 

By charter dated 31st May 1574, James VI. with consent of the Kegent 
Morton, in respect of the services done by Alexander Home of Huttonhall, 
son of the said deceased John Home, in the by-past turbulent times, and in 
regard that the lands of Innerallon had belonged to the deceased Alexander, 
sometime Lord Hume, and then through his forfeiture to the Crown, 
the king granted to the said Alexander Home of Huttonhall (who was 
a natural son of the said John Home), and his heirs, the said lands of 
Innerallon. 3 Soon after the date of this charter, an action of reduction 
of it was brought by the Laird of Keir, who entered into a contract in 
1576 with Andrew, Commendator of Jedburgh, and the said Alexander 
Home, whereby they renounced their right in the lands to the Laird of 
Keir. The lands still form part of the Keir estate. 

4. Elizabeth, married to Sir Adam Crichton of Kuthven. She died before 
10th September 1503, without issue. 

5. Janet, married to Sir* David Bruce of Clackmannan, and had a son, 
Kobert Bruce of Clackmannan. 4 

Sir William Stirling of Keir, Knight, died after 23rd November 1503, 

1 No. 152, p. 365. 3 Keir Inventory, p. 70. 

2 No. 188, p. 411. I Wood's Peerage, vol. i. p. 512. 




SIR JOHN STRIVELING OF KEIB, 1503-1539. 29 

on which date he was called in an action by Agnes the Bruce, anent the 
lands of Monivyloustoun, as already noticed. 

XI. Sib John Striveling of Keir, Knight. 
[1503-1539.] 

John Striveling, son and apparent heir of Sir Wil- 
liam Striveling of Keir, obtained on 18th May 1495, 
a charter from James IV. of the barony of Keir, on 
the resignation of Sir William, reserving his own life- 
rent, and the reasonable terce of Margaret Crichton 
his wife. 1 

When James IV. attained majority, he revoked all 
deeds done in his minority. As this revocation comprehended the erection 
of the barony of Keir in 1488, it seems to have been considered necessary to 
obtain a new charter of erection from the king. For this purpose, Sir Wil- 
liam resigned the barony in the hands of the king, who, on 10th September 
1503, granted a charter thereof to Sir John Striveling (who had been knighted 
in the interval), son and apparent heir of Sir William, and his children to be 
born, whom failing, the one half of the barony of Keir to Katherine Striveling, 
Countess of Angus, his sister, and her heirs, and the other half to Sir Adam 
Crichton of Kuthvens, and the heirs of his marriage with the deceased 
Elizabeth Striveling, sister of Sir John, of the lands of Kere, with the 
tower and manor -place, corn and waulkmilns, and cruives thereof, the 
lands of Lupnow with fishings ; the lands of Strowe, Dawachlowan'e, Beterne- 
Striveline, otherways called Coygs of Strathalloune, Glassingallis, Schanrow, 
the Wester Coyg, Beirholme, the Little Coyg, the Waist Boffill, with the mill 
of Coygs and lands of Glentye, and advocation and donation of chaplainries 
and hermitage of Lupnow, newly erected into the barony of Kere. 

In 1516, Sir John Striveling was sheriff of Perth, as appears from a 
discharge by him in that character to Gilbert Gray of Buttergask, dated 
4th March 1516. 3 In 1523, Sir John was one of the arbiters for the Earl 
and Master of Glencairn, in their dispute with the Earl and Master of 

1 No. 64, p. 268. The seal of arms used by 2 Original Discharge at Kinfauns. 

Sir John is shown in the above woodcut. 



30 SIR JOHN STRIVELING OF KEIR, 1503-1539. 

Egiinton concerning the Bailliary of Cunynghame, which were finally adjusted 
by the Regent Albany and others as oversrnen. 1 

Upon the death of James IV. Sir John Stirling of Keir was appointed, 
along with the Lords Erskine and Fleming, to the important office of keeping 
the person of the young king. 3 He was a member of the Parliament of 1524, 
and was chosen one of the Lords of the Articles amongst the commissioners 
of burghs, which, together with the terms of the Minute of Parliament, ren- 
ders it not improbable that he was at that time provost of Stirling. 3 

On 21st June 1526, the Lords Temporal of Parliament directed summons 
of treason to be raised in due form against the Earl of Egiinton, the Lord 
Sempill, Neil of Montgomery, and John Striveling of the Keir, Knight. 4 

It woidd appear that Sir John Stirling had joined the party of the queen 
mother, in company with the lords of her faction, for he opposed the forces 
of Angus, Argyle, and Lennox, at Linlithgow, with whom was the young 
king in person with his ' baner displayit.' Sentence of forfeiture was pro- 
nounced against Sir John on 19th November 1526, for the crime of lese 
majesty, for convocation of the lieges to ' have tane the kingis person,' 
usurping his ' auctorite riall,' and for the treasonable convocation of the 
lieges at Stirling, moving the people to sedition, and for the raising and 
leading of a host and army ' enterand in batall and fechtand at the Burgh 
' of Lynlithgw, our said Soverane Lord being present in propir persone, 
' and his baner displayit ; and cuniand aganis his graice and his trew 
' lordis and baronis, being with ln'm be command of his letterz for defen- 
' cioun of his maist noble persone.' 5 

On the 4th September of the following year, the Laird of Keir is said 
to have accompanied Lennox in his attempt to rescue the young king from 
the hands of the Douglases ; and authorities, even contemporary with the 
event, erroneously assert, that he fell with Lennox at the passage of the 
Avon beside Linlithgow." 

In Angus's Parliament, held at Edinburgh in May 1527, Keir was restored 
to liis estates and honours, and the sentence of forfeiture rescinded. 7 

1 Egiinton Papers. 5 Acta Pari. Scot., ii. 319. 

2 Treasurer's Accounts 1515, .Inly 31, apud Pit- ° Archdeacon Magnus's Letter to Wolsey, 13th 
cairu. September 152G. Pitscottie. Leslie. Buchanan. 

3 Acta Pari. Scot., ii. 289. ' Ibid., ii. 305, 307. ' Acta Pari. Scot., ii. 319. 



SIR JOHN STRIVELING OF KEIR, 1503-1539. 31 

This laird added largely to the family estates. Between 1517 and 1535, 
lie acquired the lands of Bardowy, Barnellane, Blarskeith, Easter Bankeir, 
Flowchart, Birdistown, Buquharrage, Kincaid, the patronage of the church 
of Bothornok, in the county of Dumbarton, Lanerick, and Auchinbee, Boqu- 
happle, Torry, Drungy, and the little ward of Gudy, Drunmess otherwise 
called G-lenbank, Wellcoig, Kippendavie, Brackland, Blackford alias Black- 
sauche, Greenyards, Calliemuck, and others, in the county of Perth ; Touck- 
adam and others, in the county of Stirling ; Balcarres, 1 Balquhoinery, and 
others, in the county of Fife ; Duffous, Pittindreich, Caldcottis, Darkle, 
Levingshaws, and half of the lands of Swinstoun, in the shire of Elgin. 

By charter dated 2nd October 1509, Sir John Striveling, for the safety 
of the soul of James IV. and of Margaret his queen, and their predecessors 
and successors, and for the safety of the souls of Lucas Striveling, and of 
Sir William Striveling and Margaret Cunynghame, grandfather and grand- 
mother of Sir John, and of the souls of Sir William Striveling and Mar- 
garet Crichtoun, Lady Sympill, his father and mother, and Katharine Strive- 
ling, Countess of Anguss, his sister, and for the safety of the souls of 
himself and his wife, and their predecessors and successors ; granted to 
God and the Virgin Mary, and all the Saints, and to the altar of the Vir- 
gin, situated in the north part of the cathedral church of Dumblane, an 
annualrent of £20 Scots from the lands of Shanraw, Wodland, and Kippen- 
rate, and mills of Strowy and Keir, to be held for performing of mass and 
prayer at the said altar. The chaplains were to reside constantly in Dum- 
blane, and to forfeit their office in case of their absence for two months, 
and the right of patronage was to be in the said Margaret Crichton during 
her life, and thereafter in Sir John Striveling and his heirs. 3 

An adventure which was undertaken by Sir John on behalf of his uncle, 
Lukas Stirling, in the year 1517, against William Meldrum, Laird of Binns, 
popularly known as ' Squire Meldruni,' deserves special notice, since it has 
all the characteristics of a striking romance. 

The circumstances attending this affair, have been recorded both in prose 
and verse, by two Lindsays — the one the well-known chronicler of Pitscottie, 

1 His father, Sir William, was tenant of the Crown 2 No. 82, p. 289. 

lands of half of Balkerras. Act. Dom. Concilii, 206. 



32 S1E JOHN STRIVELING OF KEIK, 1503-1539. 

and the other Sir David Lindsay of the Mount, in his still popular poem 
of ' Squire Meldrum.' 

' Thair was/ says Pitscottie, ' ane gentleman in Edinburgh, namit William 
■ Meldrum, Laird of Bines, 1 who had in company with him ane fair fair ladie, 
1 called the ladie Gleneagies, who was ane dochter to Mr. Richard Lawsone 
' of Hmnby, Proveist of Edinburgh, the quhilk ladie had borne tua bairnes 
' to the said Laird, and (he) intended to marie hir if he might purchase 
' the Pope's license, because her husband before and he were sib. Notwith- 
' standing, ane gentleman called Luke or Luis Stirling, invyed the love and 
' marriage betwixt thir tuo personages, thinkand to have the gentlewoman 
' in marriage to himself, becaus he knew the Laird of Bines might not 
' have hir richtlie be the Pope's lawis. Therefoir he solisted his brother 
' sone, the Laird of Keir, with ane certane companie of armed men, to set 
' vpoun the Laird of Bines to tak his ladie from him be way of deid ; 
' and to that effect followed him betuixt Leith and Edinburgh, and set on 
' him beneath the Eeid ' (Holyrood) ' Chappell, with fyftie armed men, 
' and he againe defendit himselff with hue in number, and fought with 
' him, and slew the Laird of Keire's principal servand before his face, de- 
' fending himself, and hurt the Laird of Keir to the perrill of his life, and 
' twentie sax of his men hurt and slaine. Bot this William Meldrum of 
' Bines was evil martyred, for his hochis war cutted, and the knoppis of his 
' elbowis war strikin off, and was strikin throw the bodie, so thair was no signe 
1 of lyff in him. Titt be the mightie power of God, he eschaped the death 
' and all his men that were with him, and leived fyftie yeires thairefter.' 2 

This affair took place in the year 1517, during the Kegency of the Duke 
of Albany, and when he was absent in France, Monsieur Delabatie was left 
in charge of affairs in Scotland, having a guard of fourscore French Hag- 
butteers at Holyrood. Word was sent to Delabatie that Laird Meldrurn was 
slain, and his proceedings are recorded by Pitscottie : i He incontinently gart 
' strike an alarm, and blew his trumpets, and rang the common bell, com- 

1 ' This does not appeal - to have been the * Kinross, though at that time in Fife, and are 

' property situated in the county of Linlith- ' presently the property of Admiral Adam of 

' goiT, now belonging to the family of Dalyiell; ' Blairadam.' Liber S. Katherine Senensis, Pre- 

' but the lands or ' Temple ' lands of Binn or ' face, 1841. 

' Binns, which are also now in the county of 2 Pitscottie, Edition 1728-1778 and 1814. 



SIR JOHN STRIYELING OF KEIR, 1503-1539. 33 

: manding all men to follow him, both, on foot and horse, that he might 
' revenge the said slaughter ; and rushed fiercely forward to the place where 
' the battle was stricken, and saw this nobleman lying deadly wounded, and 
' his men about him in this same manner ; and past fiercely after the 
' enemies and committers of the said crime, and overhyed them at Linlith- 
' gow, where they took the peel upon their heads to be their safeguard, 
' thinking to defend themselves therein ; notwithstanding, this noble Eegent 
' lap manfully about the house, and sieged it continually, till they rendered 
' the same to come in his will ; who took them and brought them to Edin- 
1 burgh, and gave them a fair assize ; who were all convicted and condemned 
• of the said crime, and thereafter were put in the Castle of Edinburgh, in 
' sure keeping, induring the Regent's will.' l 

Graphic as the language of Pitscottie is, his prose account of the skirmish 
between the Stirlings and Squire Meldrum, is perhaps surpassed by his 
kinsman of the Mount, in his celebrated Poem of ' Squyer Meldrum/ which 
was composed about the year 1550. 

' Gude Williame Meldrum he was namit 

' Quliilk in bis honour was never defarait,' &c.' 1 

In justification, so far, of Sir John Stirling's conduct to Squire Meldrum, 
it is not too much to suppose, that the Lady of Gleneagles and Luke Stirling- 
may have been engaged to be married at the time that the Squire made his 
fatal appearance at Gleneagles Castle, and overcame the heart and virtue of 
the Lady by his fame and superior address. ' Scotland existing under an 
' anarchical minority, furnished such a Squyer many a field, both for the 
' conflicts of war and the dalliances of love. His concluding adventure, in 
' both, happened on the road from Edinburgh to Leith, in August 1517, 
' when jealousy and hatred in the person of Stirling of Keir, marched out 
' with fifty men, to cut off his retreat to Fife.' 3 

1 Poor Delabatie was soon afterwards murdered ' head, and took it with them. And because his 
by the Homes of YVedderbum, in revenge for the ' hair was long, like women's, and plat on a head- 
execution of the chief of the Homes by Albany. In ' lace, David Home of Wedderburn knit it on his 
the encounter between the Homes and Delabatie, ' saddle-bow.' Pitscottie, p. 201. Edinburgh, 1778. 
Pitscottie records, that ' he being a stranger, and 2 Poetical Works of Sir David Lindsay of the 
' knew not the gate, ran his horse into a flow moss, Mount. Edited by George Chalmers. London, 1806, 
' where he could not get out till his enemies came vol. ii. p. 312. 
' upon him, and there murdered him, and cut off his 3 Note by Chalmers to Lindsay's Squire Meldrum. 

E 



34 SIR JOHN STRIVELING OF KEIR, 1503-1539. 

Sir John Stirling could have had no ground for jealousy and hatred, unless 
on account of rivalry in love on the part of his uncle Luke, who may have 
been unceremoniously supplanted at Gleneagles by the Squire, who, in his 
turn, met with a hard retribution. 1 

Sir William Stirling contracted, on 30th March 1501, with Sir Patrick 
Hume of Polwarth, Knight, who had also espoused the cause of James IV. 
against his father, and got a grant of Argaty, and other lands, situated near 
Keir, that John Stirling, son of Sir William, should many Sir Patrick's 
eldest daughter, Margaret, and failing her, Sibbale or another sister, ' so long 
' as the said Sir Patrick has a lawful daughter remaining, till once the said 
' marriage be completed.' 3 John Stirling and the daughters of Polwarth 
appear to have then been under age, and even in childhood, for the contract 
provides, that the marriage shall be completed at the lawful age of the said 
bairns, the male being 14 years and the female 12 years of age. This con- 
templated marriage did not take place, as John Stirling married before 13th 
July 1513, Margaret, daughter of Sir Walter Forrester of the Torwood. 3 
She was alive on 25th April 1532,* and had issue — 

1. Sir James, his heir. 

2. William Stryveling of Dallachlewn, ancestor of the Stirrings of Ardoch, 
an account of whom will be found at page 115. 

3. Lucas. 

4. Catherine. She was probably married to George Mushet of Tolgart, 
whose son, James Mushet of Tolgart, a minor in 1566, mentions Sir James 
Stirling of Keir, Knight, and William Stirling of Ardoch his mother's 
brother. 5 If Catherine was not the mother of James Mushet, a sister of hers, 
whose Christian name has not been ascertained, must have been so. 

5. Margaret. She was married to Walter Graham, who granted, on 30th 
April 1556, an obligation anent the lands of Brokland, which had been dis- 

1 Marion Lawson, relict of John Haldane of Glen- appears that she and her husband were infeft in the 

eagles, who was killed at Flodden, survived him barony of Haldane on 23rd April 1513, about which 

for the long period of forty years — her death having time their marriage had probably taken place, 

occurred in July 1553. [Register of Acts and De- 2 No. 68, p. 272. 

creets by the Lords of Session, 13th December 1555, 3 Keir Inventory, p. 25. 

vol. xii.]. Marion must have been a young woman 4 Ibid., p. 19. 

as well as young widow, when first visited by Squire 6 Ardoch Writs, per George Home Drummond, 

Meldrum in 1615. From the Gleneagles Papers, it Esquire, younger of Blairdrummond. 



SIR JAMES STRIVELING OF KEIR AND CAWDER, 1539-1588. 35 

poned, redeemably, by James Stirling of Keir to Walter Graham and Mar- 
garet Stryveling, liis wife, ' sister of the said James.' 1 

Sir John was one of the inquest which tried John Lord Glammis for 
concealing his mother's conspiracy against the King's life by poison. 2 

On 18th December 1538, a Letter of Gift was made by King James V. 
to Sir John Striveling of the Keir, Knicht, of the goods, &c, ' which per- 
' tenit to urnquhile Colin Campbell of Auchinhowie, justifyit for art and 
' part of the cruell slauchteris of umquhile Alane Hammyltoune of Bardowie, 
' Kobert Striveling of Lettir, and Andro Striveling in Ballindrocht.' 3 

Sir John was alive on 22nd May 1539, 4 but he died before 5th November 
following. 5 It appears that he was slain between these dates, for on 4th 
November 1542, David Schaw and George Dreghorn had a respite under 
the Privy Seal ' for the slauchter of urnquhile Johnne Strivilling of Keir, 
' Knycht;' but the cause or occasion of the slaughter is not mentioned in 
the respite. 7 It is stated in Squire Meldrum, that Sir John was slain at the 
Bridge of Stirling — 

' Bot efterward, as I hard say, 
' On Striviling brig upon ane day 
1 This Knight was slain with crueltie, 
' And that day gate na mair mereie 
' Nor he gaif to the young squyer.' 8 

XII. Sir James Striveling of Keir and Cawder, Knight. 

[1539-1588.] 

James, the eldest son of Sir John, was served heir to his father. He was 
infeft in the barony of Keir on the 5th of November 1539, and in the lands 
of Innerallon on the 30th of August 1544.° His curators, on the last of 

1 Original at Keir. Sir John Striveling of Keir ' sinating Buchanan of Leny, whose daughters, 
had a natural son, John, who witnessed a sasine ' co-heiresses, he had stript of a great part of their 
in favour of James of Keir, dated 14th January ' estate.' [Drumpellier, printed Claim, p. 21, Note.] 
1541 (at Keir). This appears to be a very partial account of the 

2 Pitcairn, p. 198.* 3 Ibid., p.* 251. slaughter of Sir John Stirling. There was a pre- 

4 No. 148, p. 361. vious feud with the Campbells of Auchinhowie, in 

5 Sasine in favour of James Striveling, his son, which Allan Hamilton of Bardowie, Andrew Strivc- 
at Keir. 6 R eg ist. Secreti Sigilli, vol. xvii. lyng of Bankeir, and Robert Strivelyng in Cawder 

7 He was murdered by Shaw of Cambusmore, were slain. [Ibid., p. 20.] 
near Stirling, in a fit of compunction, ' for having 8 Squire Meldrum. 

' been the unworthy instrument of Keir in assas- n Instruments of Sasine at Keir. 



36 



SIR JAMES STKIVELING 




November 1541, were Mr. Abraham Crichton, Parson of Craufurdjolm, and 
Alexander Crichton, Vicar of Innerwik. 1 

Sir James Stirling acquired the lands of Lany, Pitquhantrie and Balm}de, 
in the sheriffdom of Perth, Ballindroch, Bankell, and others, in the sheriffdom 
of Stirling, and Laidurqukart and others, in the shire of Fife. 

In 1522, Sir John Stirling of Keir purchased from 
the Archbishop of Glasgow, for 2500 merks, the mar- 
riage of Janet Striviling, daughter and heiress of the 
deceased Andrew Striviling of Cawder, with the ward 
of her lands of Cawder, and the mill thereof, lying 
in the regality of Glasgow. 2 In 1529, Sir John had 
a Crown gift of the marriage. 3 

Janet Striviling was infeft as heiress of her father 
in 1534, and soon married James Stirling, eldest son of Sir John. 

This marriage was a favourable one for the Keir family, as through it they 
acquired the valuable estate of Cawder, which has ever since been united with 
Keir. But the parties seem to have been ill assorted, for soon after the mar- 
riage, questions arose in the civil court between the heiress and her father- 
in-law regarding the alienation of the estate, and at the end of seven years, 
the marriage was annulled, chiefly through the dishonour of the heiress. 

On 8th July 1535, Janet brought an action in the civil court against 
her father-in-law and her husband, setting forth, that the former, having her 
marriage, and the disposition of her ward lands, ' causit ane pretendit matri- 
' mony to be maid betuix the said James and hir, and sensyne the said 
' Johnne hes haldin and as yit haldis her in subjection, and will nocht suffir 
' her to speik with hir friendis, and hes compellit hir to mak diners aliena- 
' tiounis and takkis of hir lands.' The Lords of Council ordered Sir John and 
James to ' bring and produce the said Jonet before the Lordis, that sche 
' may shew hir rnynd to theim in the premises/ and that all alienations 
made by her in the meantime should be null. 4 

This judicial injunction continued in force till the year 1541, when the 



1 No. 1.55, p. 372. 

2 Nos. 100 and 106, pp. 318, 310. 

: No. 1 19, p. 332. The above woodcut repre- 



sents the seal of arms used by Sir James Stirling 
in 1551. 
4 Acta Dom. Concilii ct Sessionis, vol. vi. fol. 16.5. 



OF KEIR AND CAWDER, 1539-1588. 37 

arrangements effected for the conveyance of Cawcler to her husband, and their 
divorce, rendered it necessary that the heiress should personally compear in 
the Court of Session to have the first decree recalled. This she did on the 
29th July 1541, when she declared that she did so of her ' awin free motive 
' will/ that she had been and was at free liberty, and desired the said decree 
to be null, that she might dispone her lands at pleasure, as other heritors did, 
' and that I am nocht compellit hereto, of the quhilk I geif my bodily aith.' 1 

This was preparatory to her alienation of Cawder ; and on the 7th of Decem- 
ber following, Janet Striveling again appeared before the Lords of Council, 
and produced a writing, setting forth that she had named certain procurators 
for resigning her lands to James Striveling, her husband, and his heirs ; and 
which procuratory she declared ' now in presens of your Lordships be my 
' grett aith that the samin was maid be me of my awin fre motiue will and 
' certain science, vncompellit, coactit, dissauit, or circumvenit be my said spous, 
' or ony vtheris, hot onlie for the wele and proffeit of my said spous, and his 
' hous, and for augmentatioun of the leving thairof, becaus it is the principale 
' and cheif hous of his and myne surnamis, and ane grett part of the auld 
' heretage and leving of Keir annalyit and put away, swa that the samin was 
' liklie to haif dekeit ; and als for the luif and favour I haif and here to my 
' said spous ; and thairfor now instantlie, in presens of zour Lordships, of my 
' awin fre will, vncompellit as said is, ratifeis, appruvis, and confermis the 
' saidis letteris of procuratorie in all poyntis.' 3 

The subsequent judicial proceedings connected with the resignation of 
Cawcler, together with the resignation itself, are printed among the Charters. 3 

The divorce of Janet and James Striveling, which is referred to in these 
judicial proceedings as in contemplation, was pronounced by the Official of 
Lothian on the last of January 1541. 4 The grounds of divorce set forth were, 
that the parties were related in the fourth and fourth degrees of consanguinity, 
that is, that they were the great-great-grandchildren of a common ancestor. 

This relationship could not have been traced through males, as no such de- 
gree of consanguinity existed between the parties. But as the mother of Janet 
was Marjory Cuninghame, and the great-grandmother of James was Mar- 

1 Acta Dom. Concilii et Sessionis, vol. xvi. 2 No. 153, p. 367. 3 Nos. island 155, pp. 308, 372. 

fol. 82. * No. 157, p. 374. 



38 SIR JAMES STRIVELLNG 

garet Cuninghame, it is probable that these two ladies were descended from 
a Cuninghame ancestor common to them both. Hence James and Janet 
would stand in the relationship to each other by affinity, and not of consan- 
guinity, which is stated as the ground of divorce, although Janet was a degree 
further removed from the supposed common ancestor than James. 

But the relationship between the parties, whether it was of consangui- 
nity or affinity, and whether real or pretended, was only a pretext for dis- 
solving the marriage, from which both parties perhaps wished to be free. 
Janet Stirling had been unfaithful to her husband. Her paramour was 
Thomas Bischop, who is said to have been originally a tailor, and a servant 
of Keir. If a separation had been craved by her husband on account of her 
crime, the marriage would still have subsisted as a bar to a subsequent mar- 
riage. To annul the marriage effectually, recourse was had to the common 
plea of consanguinity, and thus the marriage being declared null, each party 
was free to contract another marriage, which they did. 

James Stirling was infeft in the lands of Cawder on a charter 1 and pre- 
cept by the Archbishop of Glasgow, on 14th January 1541, and the decree 
of divorce was pronounced on the 31st of that month. 

In the following month, James Stirling granted a disposition and assig- 
nation, whereby, for certain sums of money paid to him by Thomas Bischop 
his servitor, and ' spouse affidate' of the said Janet Striviling, and for his help 
and labour in soliciting and furthering the conveyance made by her of her heri- 
tage to the said James Striviling, he assigned to Bischop the marriage of the 
said Janet Striviling, and became bound to dispone redeemably the lands of 
Uchiltree to them in joint fee, with some smaller provisions ; as also, to do 
his diligence for getting a remission from the king for the said Thomas, for 
' his alleged lying with the said Janet,' while she was the said James's wife. 
Of the divorced lady little more is known. She was alive in 1588. 2 Her 
paramour is more easily traced ; he acted the parts of a notary public, and 
a traitor to his country, having given assistance to the English, and gone 

1 No. 156, p. 373. ' First she was Lady Cawder, 

2 No. 199, p. 425. This Lady seems to have met ' Syne she was Lady Keir. 
treatment which was to be expected from her second ' And syne she was Tam Bishop's wife, 
husband. A rhyme is still preserved descriptive of ' Wha clippit wi' the shear.' 

her fortunes : — 



OF KEIR AND CAWDER, 1539-15S8. 39 

with his wife to England, as a spy and instrument there in the transactions 
of Lennox and Queen Mary. 1 He was afterwards a trader at Yarmouth, and 
finally an adulterer at Perth, where he found means to sojourn. 2 

In 1568, Bishop was cast into the Tower of London for his supposed author- 
ship of, or connection with, a spirited satirical ryhme against the Regent Mur- 
ray. This poem is signed hy ' Tom Trouth ; ' and in Bishop's judicial exa- 
mination, he was asked, : what part did yourself make or minister to the 
' makers of the hook against the Erie of Murray?' 3 His reply is not given. 

On the forfeiture of Bischop, Sir James Stirling reacquired Ochiltree 
from the Crown donator. 

In the year following Ms divorce, James Stirling of Keir entered into 
a contract of marriage with James Chishohn of Grlassingall, and Jean 
Chishohne, ' cousigness ' to William (Chisholm) Bishop of Dunblane, whereby 
it is agreed that James Chisholm should, on his own expenses, procure a 
dispensation for third degrees of consanguinity, and fourth of affinity, subsist- 
ing between James Striveling and Jean Cheisholme. And that thereafter 
James Striveling should infeft Jean in her virginity in his £20 lands of 
old extent of Cawder, for her lifetime, and the heirs to be gotten between 
them : whom failing, to the said James's heirs ; and that he should there- 
after solemnize marriage with her ; for which James Cheisholme agreed to 
pay James Striveling the sum of £1000 Scots. 4 

Although Jean Chisholm was called a cousin of the Bishop, she was 
truly his daughter, according to the author of the genealogy of the Drum- 
monds, who says, ' William, Bishop of Dunblane had diverse natural 

1 Queen Mary, on 28tli March 1517, renewed a [Stevenson's Illustrations of the Eeign of Queen 

licence to her lovit Janet Striveling, spouse of Mary. Maitland Miscellany, vol. i. p. 101.] Miss 

Thomas Bischop, to remain with her husband in the Strickland thinks that this was the first time Mary's 

parts of England for twenty days, notwithstand- attention was called to her youthful kinsman's exis- 

ing the wars, and ratified all rights made or to be tence. [Life of Queen Mary, vol. iii. p. 54.] 

made to the said Janet Striveling since her de- 2 Riddell on Peerage and Consistorial Law, p. 

parture, and during the currency of the licence 413. 'About this same tyme, 1544, Lennox, seinng 

(No. 173, p. 395.) In 1555, Bishop wrote the English ' himself so farr out stripit by the Regent and his 

Secretary of State, that ' One Elder, a Scotchman' ' tuo cheiffe supports, Angus and Maxswoll, detain- 

(who was Lord Darnley's tutor) ' hath been with me. ' ed closse prisoners ; he turns his coate, and sendes 

He told me he had letters from my Lord Aubigny ' one Thomas Bischope priuiley to Henrey, the 

to my Lord Lennox, my Lord Darnley, and as I ' Englishe king, with offers to assist the King in 

' think to my Lady.' Elder said, ' he showed the ' his demands.' [Balfour's Annals, vol. i. p. 280.] 

' Queen of Scots, in France, my Lord Darnley's 3 Chalmers' Memoirs of the Regent. Murray. 

' hand which he wrote being eight years of age.' 4 No. ICO, p. 378. 



40 SIR JAMES STRIYELING 

' children, according to the custom of the clergy in those dayes. Jean 
' Ckeesholm, his daughter, begotten upon Lady Jean Grahame, daughter 
' to William, Earle of Montrose, was married to Sir James Sterline of 
' Keer, and had to him Sir Archibald Sterline of Keer, and James Sterline, 
' his brother, killed in Dunblane by George Sinclair; and also daughters, 
' to wit, Elspet Sterline Lady Marchiston, Helen Sterline Lady Duntreath, 
' Barbara Sterline Lady Polmaise, Margaret Sterline Lady Houstoune.' 1 

On 3rd November 1570, Sir James Stirling granted at Kincardine a bond 
of manrent to John Master of Graham. 2 

Sir James and Mr. John Graham 3 held a court of justice at Edinburgh, 
on 1st June 1581, in terms of a Commission from King James VI. and his 
Privy Council, for the trial of James, Earl of Morton, for Darnley's murder. 4 
He pronounced the sentence of death on Morton. 

Sir James died at Cawder on 3rd February 1588. His will was made on the 
4th September in the same year, by which he appoints his wife and son Archi- 
bald his executors. He ordains them to plenish the half land given to his 
son James, and to build him a reasonable house, either in Kippendavie or 
Lanerk, and plenish it well. He prays Archibald to live with his mother 
and use her council, for she is his loving friend. He ordains the securities 
made to his son John to remain with his mother while she lives, and then 
to be delivered to Archibald: for it is reasonable John be sustained. He 
leaves all effects that belong to his wife in liferent, to Archibald in fee, 
except what his wife pleases to leave to their daughter Margaret, or other 
friends, at her discretion : he leaves the helping of servants and poor friends 
to the discretion of his wife and his son Archibald : and as to the council 
and company Archibald should use, he refers that to Iris own wisdom, for he 
hopes in his judgment : he of new makes his son Archibald assignee to all 
his reversions of wadsets, as if he were his eldest son and heir : he ordains 
his son James to wait well on his brother Archibald, and to be a good ser- 
vant to him, and both of them to be good and kind sons to their mother, 
and James to marry with consent of his mother and brother : which if they 
do, he doubts not but God would assist them with his holy Spirit, that they 
might live together in love, upright to God, true to the prince, and kind 

1 Genealogy of the Drummonds, p. 179. 3 Of Halyards, as appears from another trial. 

- Montrose Writs. J Pitcairn, i. 111. 



OF KEIR AND CAWDER, 153y-15S8. 41 

to their friends : and he leaves his blessing with them, and all his bairns, 
oyis (grandchildren), and friends. 1 

Sir James' issue by his first marriage with the Lady of Oawder was one 
son — 

XIII. John Stirling of Bankeir. 

[1535-1597.] 

John Stirling received from his father the estate of Bankeir, in the parish 
of Baldernock and shire of Stirling. John Striveling of Bankeir, son of Sir 
James, witnessed an obligation by James Striveling of Feddals to Sir James, 
on 18th October 1582. 

On 16th February 1592, a commission was granted, under the Quarter 
Seal, for serving John Stirling, eldest son of the deceased Sir James Stirling 
of Keir, heir of his father, in the lands belonging to him in Perthshire. 
On 18th April 1593, John Stirling had sasine of the lands of Auchinbee, 
in Stratherne, on a precept from Chancery, as heir of Sir James his father. 

On 4th May 1597, John Stirling of Wester Bankeir, and Margaret 
Colquhoun, his wife, entered into an agreement with Sir Archibald Stir- 
ling of Keir, and Dame Grizel Boss, his wife, whereby John and his wife 
became obliged to dispone to Sir Archibald and his wife in liferent, and 
William Stirling their son, and his heirs and assignees in fee, the lands of 
Wester Bankeir, and also to renounce an annuity of 40 rnerks, payable to 
the said John during his lifetime, out of the lands of Cawder: for which 
Sir Archibald and his lady obliged themselves to pay John the sum of 5000 
merks, and also to cause the tenants of the ten towns of Cawder, Ballin- 
droch, Haystoun, and Blaquharne, carry every town a dozen of leads of 
coals yearly to the said John and his wife, at their lodging in Glasgow, 
from any heugh in Campsy, or other heugh within four miles of Glasgow. 2 

It is presumed that John Stirling died without issue, as no trace has 
been found of any descendant from him. 3 

Sir James Stirling's issue by his second wife, Jean Chisholm, was — 

1 No. 199, p. 425. Stirling of Drumpellier from the Lord Lyon in 1818, 

2 No. 203, p. 434. it is stated that the issue of the heiress of Cawder 

3 In the Patent of Arms obtained by Andrew foiled. 

F 



42 SIR JAMES STRIYELING 

1. Archibald his successor. 1 

2. James : By disposition dated at the Keir, the 20th of December 1574, 2 
Sir James Striuiling of Keif, as patron of the chaplanry or altarage in the 
cathedral kirk of Dunblane, granted to James Striuiling his son, the said 
chaplanry with all lands, rents and emoluments thereof, to be possessed by 
James ' for support of his enterteinment at the Sculis.' The chaplanry 
was vacant in consequence of Sir William Blackwood, the last chaplain, 
not compearing to conform to the reformed religion. In an assignation 
dated 27th December 1587, by William- Synclare and Elizaheth Striviling 
his wife, in favour of this James Striviling, he is called Fiar of Kippendavy, 
and third lawful son of Sir James. James Striviling was killed at Dunblane 
by William Sinclair of Galwadmoir, in a quarrel about the right of property 
in Auchinbee, in the parish of Dunblane. Sinclair, founding on an in- 
feftment of feu-farm of the lands, granted to him by the king, as part of 
the temporality of the bishopric of Dunblane, attempted to dispossess James 
Stirling by force, and in a scuffle which ensued on 3rd June 1593, Sinclair 
and Edward and George his sons were slain, and a third severely wounded. 
On the 5th July following, Sir Archibald, with his servant and two other 
persons, were ordained to be denounced rebels for non-appearance to answer 
touching the slaughter of William Sinclair and his sons, but in a few years 
the feud was staunched, and on 8th April 1596, 3 the Sinclairs finally gave 
up then claim to the land by a contract, to which Keir was a party. 

3. Margaret married Sir John Houston of that ilk. They had a Crown- 
charter of Houstoun and other lands on 27th June 1609. 4 He died in the 
same year, leaving issue. 5 

4. Elizabeth, Lady Merchieston. On 28th September 1563, William, 
Bishop of Dunblane, and Elizabeth, daughter of James Striviling of Keir, 
renounced in his favour the lands of Strowie-Striveling, called Strowiehill. 6 

1 In a Charter by Ludovick, Duke of Lennox, 2 No. 196, p. 423. 

dated 20th March 1586, of the lands of Lettir, 3 No. 202, p. 432. 

Archibald is called second son of Sir James. 4 Great Seal Record, Lib. xlv. No. 331. 

On the 23rd May 1588, Schir James Strivelinge 5 Crawford's History of Renfrewshire, p. 104, 

of Keir, Knycht, Jeane Chesholme his spouse, and Edition 1782. 

Archibald Strivelinge their son and appearand heir, 6 Renunciation at Keir. Sir James had also two 

«ere infeft in the five-pound land of Eister Cadcr. ' fow-begotten' (natural) daughters— ' Helen Stry- 

fProtocol Book of Robert Blair, notary public, in ' veling, daughter fow-begotten of the said James 

I he Library of Glasgow University.] ' Slry veling,' with consent of Mr. James Kennedy, 




C*4~y fair P^ (*£ o£ C\*-£pJl_ 



toJ^IIrS; 





■Wmm'- lllilllili ' 
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s^ct^^^- wy!^ 



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OF KEIK AND CAWDER, 1539-1588. 



43 



Sir James Stirling granted on 29th June 1567, a charter to Elizabeth, 
his daughter, of the lands of Wellcoig and Westercoig, and an annualrent 
of 40 merks each out of Auld Keir and Camiebank. There is an instrument 
of renunciation, dated 16th February 1571, on the back of that charter, by 
Elizabeth and her tutor (which shows that she was then under age), of the 
said lands and annualrents to Sir James, because he had become obliged to 
pay to Archibald Napier of Merchistoun, in consideration of the marriage to 
be solemnized between her and John Napier, his son and heir apparent, the 
sum of 3000 merks in name of tocher, as mentioned in their marriage- 
contract, dated in December 1571, and also because her said father had 
expended other great sums for her utility. 1 She was married to John Napier 
of Merchistoun, the inventor of Logarithms. The marriage is thus noticed in 
the Memoirs of Napier — ' The contract of marriage between John Naper, son 
' of Archibald Naper of Edinkinbillie, Knycht, and Elizabeth Striveling, 
' daughter of the Kycht Honorabill Sir James Striveling of Keir, Knycht, and 
' Jane Chisholm, his spouse, is dated 23rd 
' February 1571-2. The marriage did not 
' take place till towards the close of the fol- 
' lowing year. Sir James Striveling of Keir, 
' already noticed as the colleague of Sir Ar- 
' chibald Napier, in the office of Justice 
' Depute, and who was knighted at the same 
' time, represented one of the oldest and most 
' respectable baronial families in Scotland. 
' His place of ' The Keir,' celebrated both 
1 in history and song, joined the Napier 
' estates in the Monteith, and was finely 
' situated for astronomical purposes.' 2 




Chancellor of Dunblane, her tutor, and William, 
Bishop of Dunblane, granted a reversion to the said 
James Stryveling of the lands of Beirholme, in the 
barony of Keir, 1552. [Keir Writs.] Helen mar- 
ried Sir James Edmonston of Duntreath. They 
had two sons and four daughters. [Duntreath 
Genealogy, p. 11.] 

' Jean Stryveling, daughter fow-begotten of the 



' said James Stryveling,' with consent of Robert 
Leirmonth, her tutor, and William, Bishop of Dun- 
blane, granted a reversion to the said James Strive- 
ling of the lands of Kippendavy, 1554, [Keir Writs.] 

1 Keir Writs. 

2 Life of Napier of Merchieston, p. 120. The 
above woodcut represents the seal of arms used 
by Sir James Stirling in 1579. 



44 



SIR JAMES STRIVELING OF KEIR AND CAWDER, 1539-1588. 



This was not the earliest alliance between the families of Napier and 
Stirling. At the Wright's Houses, near Edinburgh, which was for a long- 
period a well-known residence of the Napiers, there is still preserved a stone, 
with the armorial bearings, which appears to record a marriage between a 
Napier and a Stirling as early as 1399. The shield is of the florid form, 
and impaled on the dexter side with the arms of Napier, on a Bend a Orescent 
between two Mollets, with the initials A. N, for A. Napier of Wrychtishonsis, 
and on the sinister side, a Bend charged either with three Buckles or three 
Annulets, and in the sinister chief point a Unicorn's head. Below, the 
initials I. S., evidently for a lady named I. Stirling, if the bearing on the 
bend is buckles. Motto — ' Constantia et labore, 1399.' ] Subjoined is an 
engraving of this armorial stone. 




1 This stone ' is evidently very old, though sure- 
ly not contemporary with the date carved upon 
it. The use of Arabic numerals in Scotland can 
scarcely be referred to a period so early (a test 
genealogical antiquaries sometimes overlook), and 
probably the stone is merely commemorative of an 



' alliance proved by other records of the family then 
' existing.' The marriage supposed to be thus 
commemorated, is that of the successor of William 
Napier, Constable of Edinburgh Castle, who ac- 
quired Wrightshouses in 1390. [Partition of the 
Lennox by Mark Napier, Esq., pp. 183-4.] 



SIR ARCHIBALD STIRLING OF KEIR, 1588-1630. 45 

CHAPTER III. 

[1588-1715.] 

FROM SIR ARCHIBALD STIRLING, SON OF SIR JAMES, TO JAMES STIRLING, WHO 
FORFEITED THE ESTATES IN 1715. 

XIII. 2. Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir and Cawder, Knight. 

[1588-1630.] 

By charter dated 15th September 1579, Sir James Stirling disponed the ba- 
rony of Keir to Iris son Archibald. This charter was confirmed by James 
VI. on the following day ; and in the same year Archibald was also infeft 
in Cawder on the resignation of his father. Sir Archibald was knighted 
between 12th October 1587 and 7th June 1592. 

By commission from King James VI. dated 22nd July 1601, Sir Archi- 
bald was appointed Admiral Depute of the West Seas and Lochs, ' at the 
' float and tak of the herring in the year 1601.' 

On 10th January 1606, he was one of the assise who tried Mr. John 
Welsh, and the other four clergymen who declined the jurisdiction of the 
Privy Council, for which they were found guilty of treason and banished. 

He married — 1st, Mary, youngest daughter of David, second Lord Druni- 
mond ; and 2dly, contract dated 18th March 1589, Grizell, daughter of James 
Lord Eoss, and Jane his wife, eldest daughter of Kobert Lord Sempill. 

By his first "wife he had a son and a daughter — 

1. James, his eldest son. 

By his second wife, Sir Archibald had five sons and a daughter. 

2. John of Garden, who carried on the line of the family. 

3. William, who had the ward and nonentry of the lands of Bankell, in the 
parish of Baldernock, from John Earl of Mar, by disposition dated 14th July 
1614. He had a son — William of Bankell, who died before 31st October 
1654, without issue, and was succeeded by his cousin John Stirling (son of 
Henry, fifth son of Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir), who was served heir to 
William of that date. John Stirling of Bankell, as ' air servit and retourit 
to vmquhile Williame Stirling of Bankell, who was air of umquhile William 



46 SIR ARCHIBALD STIRLING OF KEIR, 1588-1630. 

' Sterling of Bankell, his father, third lawful sone to urnquhile Sir Archibald 
' Stirling of Keir, Knight, my gudeshire,' granted a discharge of a tack of the 
teinds of Baldernock to Sir George Stirling of Keir, dated 28th January 1662. 1 

4. Archibald, who acquired from his father the lands of Kippendavie in 
1594, and was the first of that branch of the Keir family. 2 

5. Henry. He witnessed the contract of marriage between Sir George Stir- 
ling of Keir and Dame Margaret Boss, dated December 1630. On 8th June 
1631, he assigned to Sir George the plenishing on Wellcoigs, &c. 3 Henry had 
two sons — John, who succeeded William Stirling of Bankell, his cousin, and 
was served ' heir of William Stirling of Bankell, his father brother's son, in 
the lands of Wester Bankeir alias Bankeir-Stirling.' 4 John married, before 
7th February 1661, Elizabeth Dick, daughter of Mr. John Dick, fiar of Braid. 5 

They had a son, John, and three daughters : 1. Nicolas, baptized 17th March 1661. 
2. Elizabeth, baptized 21st December 1662 ; 6 and 3. Anne. John Stirling acquired 
part of the lands of Kilbride ; and in the confirmation of his testament on 6th October 
1669/ he is called of Kilbryde. He died in 1669, and Elizabeth Dick his relict was 
confirmed tutrix to John, Elizabeth, and Ann Stirling, their lawful children in pupil- 
larity. His relict was directed ' to follow the advice of his honoured chief, and my 
' own brother Mr. George.' The second son of Henry was this Mr. George Stirling. 

6. Alexander. ' Alexander Stirling, brother-german of Sir Johne Stirling 
' of Garden, Knicht,' witnessed the contract of marriage between Archibald 
Stirling of Kippendavie and Jean Mushet, dated 21st November 1618. 8 

7. ' Jeane Stirling, daughter to umquhile Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir, 
' Knight,' is mentioned in the confirmation of the personal estate of Dame 
Margaret Ross, spouse of Sir George Stirling, by the Commissary of Dun- 
blane, as a creditor for £4000 Scots. 9 ' Sir WUliam Drummond, the third 
' laird of Riccarton, eldest sone to the last Harie, married Jean Sterline, 
' daughter to Sir Archibald Sterline of Keer, and begot with her a sone 
' William Drummond, who succeeded, and two daughters, Jean Drummond, 
■ married to John Buchanan of Shirrahall, hot had no ishew, and Anna 
' Drummond, married to Mr. Robert Naper of Kilcreuch.' 10 

1 No. 226, p. 466. 2 Page 103. c Edinburgh Register. 

3 Original at Keir. 7 Commissary Records of Dunblane, vol. x. p. 2S2. 

4 Printed Retours, Stirling, July 28, 1654. s Contract at Kippenross. 9 No. 211, p. 447. 
" Disposition by her at Kippenross. Iu Genealogy of the Drummonds, p. 155. 



SIR JAMES STIRLING, FIAR OF KEIR, 1606-1614. 



47 




8. Agnes or Anna Stirling, daughter of Sir 
Archibald Stirling and Dame Grizel Ross, received 
an annualrent out of Oamhusharron, 23rd Febru- 
ary 1613. 1 

Sir Archibald Stirling died 17th May 1630, 
and was succeeded by his grandson, George, only 
surviving son of — 



XIV. Sir James Stirling, Fiar of Keir, Knight. 

He was educated at the University of Glasgow. Among his fellow students 
were Zachary Boyd, James Boill, the heir of Kelburne, and Edward Maxwell, 
the heir of Calderwood. 2 He was knighted after 30th April 1607. Sir James 
married Anna, eldest daughter of Sir George Home of Wedderburn, who sur- 
vived him. By their contract of marriage, dated July and August 1606, the 
estates of Keir and Cawder were settled by his father Sir Archibald on him, 
and the heirs-male of his marriage, whom failing, his nearest heirs-male bear- 
ing the family name and arms ; and the contract was confirmed by royal char- 
ter on 25th June 1611. Sir Archibald reserved his own liferent of Keir and 
Cawder, ( and power of cutting down the woods of Keir, Cader, and Brokland ; ' 
and assigned to James and Anna for their entertainment, during his lifetime, 
Ballindroch, and various other lands ; and he obliged himself to repair the tene- 
ment in Stirling for a house to James and Anna. Her tocher was 18,000 rnerks. 3 
Sir James Stirling and Anna Home had three sons and two daughters — 

1. James, eldest son : } 

2. Archibald, second son: } The ? were alive on 4th Jul ? 1614 5 but must 
both have died before 17th August 1630, when George, their younger brother, 
is called the only son of his father. 

3. George, third son, who carried on the line of the family. 

4. Mary, who was married to John Stewart, younger of Blackball. Their 
contract of marriage is dated 23rd August 1633. Her tocher was £10,000 
Scots. They had four sons : 1. Archibald, who succeeded his grandfather in 1658, 
and was created a baronet in 1667 ; 2. Walter of Kincarachie ; 3. David of Kirkwood ; 



1 Original at Garden. The above woodcut repre- 
sents the Seal of Arms used by Sir Archibald Stirling. 

2 List of Incorporated Members in the University 



of Glasgow—' 6 Idibus Martii 1601. 
1 ling haeres de Keir.' 
3 No. 205, p. 436. 



Jacobus Stcr- 



48 SIR GEORGE STIRLING, 1630-1667. 

4. James r of Lumloch ; and two daughters : Mary, married to Sir Alexander Cuning- 
hame of Corsehill, and had issue ; and Anabel, married to William Porterfield of that 
Ilk, and had issue. John Stewart predeceased his father after May 1652. 

5. Jean, mentioned in disposition by the Earl of Mar, 4th July 1614. 
Sir James predeceased his father before 7th June 1614, and was succeeded 
by his only surviving son, 

XV. Sir George Stirling of Keir and Oawder, Knight. 

[1630-1667.] 

On 23rd May 1621, ' Dominus Joannes Stirling de Garden miles, patruus 
' Georgii Stirling filii legitimi natu maximi Domini Jacobi Stirling feoditarii 
' de Keir/ was retoured ' propincmior agnatus, id est consanguineus ex parte 
' patris ipsi Georgio Stirling. 1 In the Commissary Court of Dunblane, on 
4th August 1629, George Stirling nominated John Earl of Perth, John Lord 
Erskine, Archibald Lord Napier, Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir, Sir David 
Home of Wedderburn, Sir Ludovick Houstoun of that Ilk, John Haldane of 
Gleneagles, Sir John Stirling of Garden, and William Stirling of Ardoch, his 
curators, tarn ad lites quani ad negotia, during his minority. 

On 20th March 1630, George Stirling was served heir-male of Sir James 
Stirling, fiar of Keir, Knight, his father, in the lands of Strowy, being a fifth 
part of the barony of Keir, and also in the lands of Pitquhonartie, which 
were then in the hands of the liferenter, Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir, 
Knight, grandfather of George. 2 On the death of Sir Archibald, on 17th May 
1630, George expede, on 4th September following, a service as heir-male of 
his father, Sir James, in the barony of Keir. 3 In the gift, dated 17th August 
1630, by James (Law) Archbishop of Glasgow, of the ward and non-entry of 
Cawder, George is called only son of Sir James.* His two elder brothers, who 
were alive in 1614, must therefore have died before 1630, without issue. 

George Stirling was educated at the University of Glasgow, and matri- 
culated in the spring of 1630. 5 In 1632 he gave 200 merks towards the 
expenses of the new buildings of the College. 6 

1 Inquisitiones de Tutela, No. 340. 6 Kal. Mart. 1630, G. Sterling primogenitus D. 

2 Ketour at Keir. de Keir. List of Incorporated Members of Glas- 

3 Ibid. • govv University. 

1 Gift at Keir. Inventory, p. 117. n MSS. Clerk's Press. University Library, voLxvi. 




- 



■ 




Ta ttte Jossessioji of W^ Stirling Eeq^ 6 of Heir 



R.C.Bell. 




JW 



^^ 



SIR GEORGE STIRLING, 1630-1667. 49 

In a rental of Keir and Cawcler, made up in 1632, it is stated, that 'the 
' Laird lies thrie woods, viz. — the wood of Keir, the wood of Cader, and the 
' wood of Brockland, quhilk within schort space will be worth the sum of ten 
' thousand punds money, quhilk woods were cuttit twenty yeirs be umquhile 
' Sir Archibald Sterling, quha gat at his last selling of thame, aucht thousand 
' by (besides) the Ladies part.' 

According to the records of the Lyon Office, Sir George Stirling was 
knighted at Holyrood House on the 2nd of June 1662. 1 The following is 
the account of the ceremonies observed on the occasion — 

' At Holyroodhouse — Memorandum. 
' That upon Saturday the 2d of June 1662, be vertew of severall Letters 
and warrands direct from his Majesty, tliir three Knights after mentioned 
wer with ancient ceremony dubit Knight at Holyroodhouse viz*.. S 1 ' George 
Sterling Laird of Keir, S 1 ' Kobert Colvil younger Laird of Cleish, and S r 
Thomas Kerr of Caivors. ' 

' The Viscount of Dipling, Lord Chanceller, being sett in ane Chaire, and 
a litle before on his right the Sword, Sceptor, and Croune lying on a Table 
covered with Velvet, the saids gentlemen being called upon by the Master 
of Ceremonies, James Murray M 1 ' of Work, who supplied S 1 ' George Elphing- 
stoune, he being absent, conveyed them all and sett them doune all three be- 
for the Lord Chanceller. He received the Sword of Honour from the M r of 
Ceremonies, and tutched the Laird of Keir thrice on the shoulder. S r Eobert 
Halkite of Pitfirine presented ane gilt spur to every ane of ther heels : And 
after Keir was dubed, and his style proclaimed by sounding Trumpets 
furth out at the windoues, The Laird of Cleish was efter that same manner 
dubed secundly, and the Laird of Caivers was lastly dubed : And when all 
the said Ceremony was ended, they went and dyned all three with the 
Lord Chancellor in his House or Lodging in the said Abbey : Witness to 
the said Ceremonie was the Earl of Buchane and the Lord Lome : And 
of Heraulds, Thomas Drysdale, who tooke ther Oathes, John Malcome, Ross 
Herald, Eliazer Mackisone, Buite Herald, Gilbert Hunter, Dingwall, and 
James Currie, Ormound Pursevants : Every Knight gave as our ordinary 
Fees viz'. 100 merks Scots : The Laird of Keir gott his armes extracted 

1 This appears to be a mistake for 1632. 



50 SIR GEORGE STIRLING, 1630-166". 

' furth of the Eegister one parchment by Thomas Drysdale : Quhilk was Ar. 
' a Bend Engrailed Sab. 3 Buckles Or : And for his Crest, set on a Wreath, 
' ane savage head Couped, having a Bibbon Grides or wreath about his Head.' 
Sir John Stirling of Keir (XVI.), son of Lord Garden, brought an action 
of reduction of certain writs, said to have been executed by Sir George Stir- 
ling in favour of his vassal, John Hamilton of Bardowie, for the purpose 
of relieving him of the feudal casualties due from that estate. One of the 
grounds of reduction was, that the writs challenged were forged. A number 
of witnesses were examined. One of these, Mr. George Stirling, who had 
been pedagogue to Sir George Stirling, thus depones as to his mode of his 
writing his name at various periods — 

' Mr. George Stirling, indueller in Glesgow, comon witnes for both parties, of the age of 70 years or 
therlry, maried, suorn on his great oath, purged of partiall coivnsell, and interrogate on the interrogators 
given in by the Laird of Keir ; and to the first, depones affirmative thereto ; to the second, depones, that 
he knowes, that nether of thes subscriptiones in the peapers produced are Sir George Stirling true sub- 
scriptiones, and that he was not in vse to subseryve efter that maner in thos years ; to the third, 
depones, that the forme of his subscription wes in anno 33, conforme to ane take produced of the milne 
of Keir, which hes an S throw the G, which addit to his name Stirling of Keir, which forme he con- 
tinowed till the 37, and then efter he came out of France, which was in the year 36, he changed, and 
subscrived S. G. Keir, without any addition, conforme to the ticketts and reciepts produced by the per- 
sewar and marked ; and continowed that way of subscribing till Maii 42, att which tyme he did only 
subscribe G. Keir, without the S, but the G and K wer far different from thes letters in the wryts quar- 
relled, viz. — in the G and letter K, which is open in the head, and turned in like an R, such as is the 
subscription quarrelled; for cleiring wherof the deponent produces ane dierie book, beginning in Maii 
1642, with ane other compt book, bearing severall subscriptiones of Keir, which are Iykwayes marked : 
To the fifth interrogator, depones, that he knoweth the hand wiyt of Mr. William Stirling to the con- 
tract ; depones, that it is not Mr. William Stirling's subscription that is at the two bands quarrelled, nor 
ar they nowayes lyke the samen : To the seventh, depones lykewayes, that Riccartouu's subscription to 
the said bands are not lyke his ordinare subscriptiones, and are different, as is formerlie deponed, but 
cannot be positive as to James Stirling subscription, whither the same be it or not : To the tenth, 
depones, that about ane quarter of year ago, the defendar came to the deponent, and desyrit to sie 
some of the Laird of Keir subscriptiones which he subscribed in the year 1633 and 1610, and according 
whcrunto the deponent shew him the Laird's subscription written in ane book : To the eleventh, depones, 
that dureing the wholl moneth April 1640, the Laird of Keir was not at Edinburgh, and that upon the 
23 day, which is the alleaged day of the subscription of the certificat, he dyned at Stirling, and was ther 
at the Comittie about the affairs of the shyre: Reddens causam scientist; Becaus the deponent did 
attend the Laird of Keir as his pedagoge, and went abroad, and came home with him, and efter home- 
coming did receave his money and deburse the samen, and that from the year 1626 to the year '46, and 
so knowes all the particulars, as he hath deponed : And being interrogat upon the interrogators given in 
be the defendar; to the first therof, depones as to the first member therof as is befor sett doun, and to the 
last pairt therof, depones, that as to the chartour produced, that the verificatioun on the back therof is 
trewlie the subscription of Keir and Riccartone, the deponent being ane witnes therto himself, hot belives 



SIR GEORGE STIRLING, 1630-1667. 51 

( that the take produced is not his subscription ; and as to the discharge produced, he knowes it to be 
' Keir's hand wiyt as to the body, bot cannot be positive whether the subscription be his or not, in regaird 
' the same bears to be subscrivit in anno ] 660, long efter that the deponent was out of his service : To the 
' second interrogator, depones ut supra ; and this is the truth.' 

In an information for Bardouie to his counsel, he is requested, 

' To remember that the veritie of the deeds is instructed be Barloch's oath. When Bardowie waited upon 
' Keir to Berwick goeing off the countrie, and at their pairting, Bardowie expressing his greiff, and Bar- 
' loch inquyreing the caus, he answered, that he had pairted with Ins dear freind ; and that he had done 
' that to him that few of his freinds knew, and that it wes in anno 1633, much about the tyme of the 
' discharge; and Balagen lykewayes depones, that 20 yeirs and upwards, and several tymes since syne, 
' he enquyreing at old Bardouie what he had done with Keir anent his warde, his answer wes, that he had 
' sickertt it.' 

The result of this process does not appear from the papers. 

Sir George Stirling first married, in his eighteenth year, his cousin, the 
Honourable Margaret Eoss, daughter of James, Lord Koss. She was born 
19th December 1615, and was married in her fifteenth year, as the marriage 
contract is dated December 1630. Her tocher was 20,000 merks. 1 The 
arrangements for this marriage appear to have been made on behalf of the 
young couple by Jane Hamilton, Dowager Lady Koss, and her daughter- 
in-law Margaret Scott, Lady Eoss, the mother of the bride. In a letter from 
Jane Hamilton, dated 13th November 1630, about a month before the 
marriage, she says — ' I haif sene your wairs since they come fra the buith. 
' Thair is the sattin and the ribbonis poyntis and rossis that ar for the 
' Laird of Keir's cloithis, quhilk will be fund nawayes suittable bot very 
' fidler lyke.' 2 Margaret Koss died 10th March 1633, 3 in her seventeenth 
year. She left one daughter, Margaret Stirling, who died two months after 
her mother on 11th May 1633 — a child of a year old. 

Margaret Eoss, Lady Keir, was buried in Holyroocl Chapel on the 27th of 
March 1633, as appears from the following account of her funeral, which is 
preserved in the Lyon Office Eecord of Funerals — 

' The order and ceremony which was used at the funrales of the Eight 
' worshipfull Lady Dame Margret Koss Lady Keir, who dyed at Edin 1 ' the 
' ■ . . . clay of March at Niders wynd in my Lord Eosses her father 
' house for the time, 4 and was caried from thence to the Abby Kirk of Holy- 

1 No. 210, p. 444. "- Letter at Eglinton. * Sir George's house in Edinburgh, in 1644, was 

3 No. 211, p. 447. at Bell's Wynd head. Keir Inventory, p. 111. 



52 SIR GEORGE STIRLING, 1630-1667. 

' rood house upon Wednesdy the 27th day of March 1633 years, and painted 
' hy James Workman without our directions. 

' Imprimis there went an poor old man cled in a black Goun, holding in 
' his hand an litle Spear, having one the poynt of the same painted one an ell 
' of Buckram the Morthead, going hefor 16 other poor ons, marching 2 and 2, 
' holding one their Spears poynt an quarter of Black Buckram, whereupon 
' was painted the Defuncts Amies, viz' the Armes of her husband the Laird 
' of Keir, Impeailed with the Lord Boss of Hallkhead her father's Armes. 

' Then followed George and David Fergusons, Mark Smith and Andrew 
' Finnie Trumpters. 

' Next to them followed a Gentleman, Servitor to the Laud, cled in Dule, 
' earring one a black spears end au ell of black tefity, whereupon was painted 
' the Morthead calle'd the Gumphon. 

' Then followed the 4 Branches viz 4 . 

' 1. Item the Armes of Kerr of Sessfoord, 2d Grandsir one the mother's 
' syde, carried be George Stirling. 

' 2. Next to them the Armes of Baphloch, 2d Grandsir one the father syde 
' carried be Walter Scott [? Stirling] of Bellagune. 

1 3. Then the Armes of Scott of Buccleuch, first Grandsir one the mother's 
' syde, caried be James Stirling of Euglie (?) 

' 4. Next to him the Armes of Lord Boss, first Grandsir one the father's 
' syde, carried be Mungo Stirling of Glorate. 

' And lastly the defuncts Armes wes born by John Stirling of Craigbornet. 

' Then followed John Malcom, Bosse, and Thomas Drysdale, Hay, Heraulds, 
' marching just befor the Corps, who was covered with ane velvite Mortcloth, 
' and Busked with Armes caried on hand spackes to the Abbay Kirk by her 
' Noble frends such as Earles Airth and Monteath, Lords Semplle, Ogilvey, 
' Traquare, Melvell. 

' And of Murners that followed the Corps was the first two, the Lady Ball- 
' merino, and the Lady Cardross whose name are Lady .... Kerr 
' sister to Somersett, and .... Ballantyne daughter to umquhile Sir 
' Lewis Ballantyne, relict of Hary Erskin Lord Cardross. 

' Next to them followed .... Lady Lundie Campble and . . . 
' Lady Arnisston, relict of Sir James Dundas. Lastly followed Jean Boss the 



SIR GEORGE STIRLING, 1630-1667. 53 

' defuncts sister, and Mary Sterling the Laird of Keir Sir John his Sisters 
' Maides. They would not suffer a closs murner, because they could not agree 
' who should be. 

' The Corps was intered at the north east syde of the said Kirk, and had 
' no funrall Sermon, and every one of us gott 40 Merk.' 

Sir George Stirling erected a monument to the memory of Margaret Ross 
on the south side of the chapel. The monument itself has been removed, 
but the inscription which was upon it has been preserved in Monteith's 
' Theatre of Mortality' — 

' Sir George Sterline's Monument. 
' D. 0. M. 

' Here lyeth Dame Margaret Eoss, daughter to James Lord Eoss, and Dame 
' Margaret Scot, daughter to Walter Lord Buccleugh, and sister to Walter 
' Scot, Earl of Buccleugh. She was married to Sir George Sterline of Keir, 
' knight, and chief of his name ; and having lived a pattern and paragon, for 
' piety and debonaritie, beyond her sex and age, when she had accomplished 
' 17 years, she was called from this transitory life, to that eternal, 10 March 
' 1633. She left behind her only one daughter, Margaret ; who, in her pure 
' innocency, soon followed her mother, the 11 th day of May thereafter; when 
' she had been 12 months showen to this world, and here lyeth, near unto 
' her interred. 

' D. Georgius Sterline, de Keir, eques auratus, familias princeps, conjugi 
' dulcissimce poni curavit mdcsxxiii. 

' At each corner below, five roses, 2 and 2 cross against each other, and 1 in 
' the middle, with an escrol above, bearing over each five, Mors Sentibus sequat. 

' Though marble, porphirie, and mourning touch, 

' May praise these spoils ; yet can they not so much : 

' For beauty, lastand fame, this stone doth close 

' One, earth's delight, heav'ns care, a purest rose. 

' And shoulds't thou, reader, but vouchsafe a tear 

' Upon it, other flow'rs shall soon appear ; 

' Sad violets and hyacinths, which grow 

' With marks of grief, a publick loss to show.' l 

1 Monumental Inscriptions, p. 37. 



54 SIR GEORGE STIRLING, 1630-1667. 

The learned editor of the ' Memorials of Montrose,' has alluded to the un- 
timely death of the young Lady Keir : ' Thus heavily had the chastening hand 
' of God visited this young chief of ' ancient Keir,' when himself but 18 
' years of age. The date upon the portrait now engraved is 1 637, four years 
' later than the tragedy recorded in the Church of the Greyfriars 1 in Edin- 
' burgh ; and Sir George, also noted by Jamieson on the Portrait, was at that 
' time only 22 years. Some of the deeds of the marriage settlement upon 
' Margaret Napier, his second wife, are among the Napier charters, and 
c bear date 2d January 1637, the same year as the date of Sir George's 
' Portrait/ 

Sir George Stirling married, secondly, Margaret Napier, daughter of 
Archibald first Lord Napier, by Margaret sister of the great Marquis of 
Montrose. Their marriage settlements are dated 2nd January 1637. 2 He 
married, thirdly, Anna, second daughter of Sir Thomas Nicolson of Carnock, 
Baronet. The marriage contract is dated 2nd February 1654. Her tocher was 
25,000 merks, and £2059, 13s. 4d. Scots. She died before 1st March 1664. 3 
Sir George married, fourthly, Lady Margaret Livingston : ' 1666 Junii 8, 
' Sir George Stirling of Keir, Knycht, on the one part, within our paroch 
' of Dunblane, and Lady Margaret Livingstoune, relict to the deceast Sir 
' Thomas Nicolsone of Carnock, Knycht, on the other part, within Saint 
' Ninian's paroch, gave up their names to be proclaimed with us in purpose 
to marriage.' 4 

Lady Margaret Livingston was the eldest daughter of Alexander second 
Earl of Linlithgow, by Lady Mary Douglas, eldest daughter of William 
tenth Earl of Angus. Lady Margaret survived Sir George, who died a 
year after their marriage. She married in 1668, for her third husband, 
Sir John Stirling of Keir, who was cousin-german once removed of Sir 
George. 

1 Should be Holyrood. ' try what wylde fowles can be hade of all kynds, 

2 Napier Charter Chest, as quoted in the Memo- ' and by any els who will take money, and send 
rials of Montrose. ' them heir.' (Letter at Ardoch.) John Nicolson 

3 In a letter from Sir George to Harie Stirling may have been a brother of Lady Stirling, and 
of Ardoch, dated Keir, 3rd October 1 Gi>7, he says — ' Sabina,' his bride, may have been a sister or 
' John Nicolsone and Sabina being to marie Thins- aunt of Sir George. No other notice of her has 
' day nixt the Sth instant, I desire 3-011 be pleased been found. 

' to cans Robert your Brother, Miller or any else ' Records of Dunblane Parish. 



SIR GEORGE STIRLING, 1630-1667. 55 

A letter to the Laird of Kilravock from his agent in Edinburgh, Mr. W. 
Hay, dated 18th December 1638, thus proposes a courtship between the 
Laird's son and a daughter of the Laird of Keir — ' Sir, I heve considered 
' the last part of your letter concerning your sonne, and the furnising of 
' a niatche for him. It is trew that the old Laird of Keir hes a dochter 
' liveing in Edin 1 ', about the age of 24 yeeris or therby, provyded to a good 
' portione, as is reported of twentie thousand markis and abone, and it is 
' said that be hir good cariage schoe hes made the same better. Diverse 
' gentlemen of good sorte hes bein in sutt of hir, but I heare that schoe 
' is yet frie ; your sonne hes sein hir, and thinckis well of her as ane comly 
' gentelwoman of good report, and com of verie good people ; he hes told 
' me, that if he can obtein hir consent, cmhilk I hop he shall doe, if it 
' then shall be your will and his motheris, he will follow furthe the busines 
' as God will direck him.' 1 

At the date of this letter, Sir George Stirling was the Laird of Keir, 
and it is certain that he had no daughter ' about the age of 24 yeeris' to 
be courted by young Kilravock. It is possible that the date of Mr. Hay's 
letter may be misprinted 1638 for 1628, as the only other letter from him 
in the same work is dated in 1627, in which case Mr. Hay's remarks would 
apply to Jean, daughter of Sir Archibald Stirling, No. XIII ; or it may 
be that Mr. Hay himself, notwithstanding his precision as to the age, 
fortune, &c. of the lady, had mistaken a sister for a daughter of Sir George, 
and the lady who formed the subject of the letter may have been Jean 
Stirling, his youngest sister. Young Kilravock married Margaret Sinclair 
of Dunbeath. It is unknown if Jean Stirling was ever married. 

Sir George took part with Montrose, Lord Napier, and Sir Archibald 
Stewart of Blackhall, in concerting measures in favour of King Charles I. 
in 1641, which drew upon them the indignation and persecution of the Com- 
mittee of Estates. The measures of Montrose and his friends were regarded 
as a conspiracy or ' plot,' and those loyal kinsmen were branded as plotters. 

The parties concerned in the ' plot' were all closely connected by mar- 
riage. Montrose's sister was married to Lord Napier, Sir George Stirling 
was married to Napier's daughter, who was a niece of Montrose, and Sir 

1 Genealogy of the Roses of Kilravock, p. 324. 



56 SIR GEORGE STIRLING, 1630-1667. 

Archibald Stewart's eldest son John was married to Mary Stirling, sister 
of Sir George. These friends had frequent meetings, both in Montrose's 
lodging in Edinburgh and at Merchiston, towards the end of the year 
1640. A Lieutenant-Colonel Walter Stewart was admitted to theb coun- 
sels, and entrusted with a letter to Charles I. urging his Majesty to visit 
Scotland. The King wrote to Lord Napier on the 20th May 1641, that he 
intended to visit Scotland, but before his Majesty's arrival, the plotters were 
committed as prisoners to the Castle of Edinburgh, on the 11th of June. 
After being harassed by Argyll and the Committee of Estates, Montrose 
and his friends were fully exonerated by the King in the following year. 
As the proceedings in this affair are fully detaded in the ' Memorials of 
Montrose and his Times,' x it is unnecessary to quote them here. 

The Committee of War for Stirlingshire for raising levies of horse and 
foot, unanimously elected Sir George Stirling to be Lieutenant-Colonel, 
and John Murray of Touchadam to be Major to Colonel Lord Ersldne. 2 

The Commissioners for sequestrating the Estates under Cromwell's Act, 
threatened, in 1652, to take Sir George Stirling's estates 'for his having 
' entered England with the King and army.' But Sir Mungo Stirling of 
Glorat declared 'upon my honour and conscience, that Sir George Stirling 
' entered not England at all' Sir James Livingston of Kilsyth, made a 
declaration corroborative of this, 3 and the Commissioners, by their warrant, 
dated at Leith, 15th September 1652, ordered that the estates ' bee respited 
' at present from sequestration.'* 

In 1652, Sir George Stirling and Sir Mungo Stirling were appointed 
by the shire of Stirling, commissioners for treating of a union between 
Scotland and England, with power to attend the English Parliament. 5 

Cromwell, in the following year, granted a warrant to Sir George ' to 



1 Vol. i. p. 273, et seq. Mr. Napier, in his last trose. Among the latter is the Laird of Keir, which 

edition of the life of Montrose, says : ' So quiet was shows that Sir George was in arms on that occa- 

the Laird of Keir ' . . . ' that he never joined sion. Among the prisoners, are his Kinsmen the 

' Montrose in arms, although a young man and Laird of Glorat and ' Young Craigbarnet.' 

' married to his niece.' [Vol. ii. p. 616.] The Editor 2 Keir Writs, 

has lately discovered in the Glorat Charter Chest, 3 No. 218, p. 459. 

a List of Prisoners taken by General Leslie at * No. 219, p. 4G0. 

Philphaugh, and of those who escaped with Mon- 5 Contemporary copy at Keir. 



SIR GEORGE STIRLING, 1630-1667. 57 

' passe from London into Scotland, and to return without any trouble or 
' molestation/ 1 and in 1656, General Monck granted, at Dalkeith, a permission 
' to Sir George to keepe one horse above the value in the proclamation, 
' att Calcler or Keere, and to passe with the same about his occasions 
' without molestation. 2 

Sir George Stirling and Lord Cardross for themselves, and the other 
heritors and inhabitants, petitioned Cromwell's Council in Scotland to have 
the parishes of Dunblane, Kilmadock, Kincardine, Port, Aberfuil, Calancler, 
Kippen, Lekrop, and Logie, disjoined from the county of Perth, and joined 
to the sheriffdom of Stirling. One of the reasons stated in the petition 
for this change is, that ' when poyndings are used in these parishes, the 
' poinded goods become useless to parties concerned before they can be 
' carried to Perth.' 3 This petition was not acted upon by the Council. 

Sir George made his will on 1st March 1664, in which he says — 'Being 
' vexed this yeir past with sore paine in my legs, I purpose, God willing, 
' to goe to Edinburghe to use the ordinare means for freeing me thereof 
' in time coming. But if it please God so to dispose as not only the use 
' of meanes prove ineffectualle, but that deathe ensewe, and this mortall 
' tabernacle be dissolved, I trust in the mercies of God, throughe the alone 
' rnerite of Jesus Chryst, my Saviour, to have ane house not made with hands 
' but eternall in the heavens. When deathe shall arreist, I not only re- 
' commende to (but conjure) my Lord Garden, for the mutuall affection 
' hes bein betwixt ws, not to let cut up or bowell my body, but interre it 
' in my ile in Dumblane Kirk, without showe, trumpets, or conveining any 
' but freinds at a neir distance, and that with decencie and diligence.' Among 
other legacies, he appoints ' the virginells in the laigh tour of the Keir to 
' be given to the Lady Carnocke, younger, having promised her them, 
' being at Carnock as I came eist.' 4 On the 3rd of August of the same 
year, this legacy is revoked, and 'the virginalls to be keipt and not given, 

1 No. 220, p. 460. one of Melville's answers was, that Mary ' some- 

2 No. 223, p. 464. ' times played on the lute and Virginals.' [ Sir 

3 No. 222, p. 464. James Melville's Memoirs.] 

4 When Queen Elizabeth was satisfying her curi- In Mr. Chalmers' account of the youthful pas- 
osity by questioning Melville regarding the per- times of James VI. he says, that he ' loved music, 
sonal appearance and employments of Queen Mary, ' and had early an establishment of violins. In 

H 



58 SIR JOHN STIRLING OF GARDEN, 1595-1643. 

in regarde of the melancholic condition the Lady is in throughe the deathe 
of hir husbande.' 1 

Sir George died in June 1667, 2 having had by his first wife an only 
daughter, 

Margaret Stirling, who predeceased him in childhood, as already shown, 
on 11th May 1633. 

Sir George was succeeded by his cousin Sir Archibald Stirling, Knight, 
Lord Garden, descended from — 



XIV. Sir John Stirling of Garden, Knight. 

[1595-1643.] 

He was the eldest son of Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir, Knight, and 
Dame Grizell Boss, his second wife, 3 and was born before 30th September 
1595. He had a grant of the lands of Nether Dechmont, in the regality of 
Dalkeith, and parish of Livingston, from his father, in addition to Uchiltrees 
and Ballindroch, 27th August 1600. 4 He was educated at the University 
of Glasgow. 5 He went to France in October 1610, and studied law, fencing, 
dancing, &c. in several towns in that country, till March 1613. He kept 
a minute account of his travelling and personal expenses during these years, 
which is still preserved at Keir. He married, 1st, Margaret Menteith, 
youngest daughter of Sir William Menteith of Kerse, Knight, at Alva 
church, on the 17th August 1613. Their contract of marriage is dated 
the 9th of July previous. Sir Archibald and Sir John Stirlings thereby, 
with consent of Dame Grizell Boss, oblige themselves to infeft Margaret 
Menteith in liferent, in the tower and place of Garden. Margaret's tocher 
was 1200 merks. 6 She predeceased her husband, who thus recorded the 

' 1580, he imported from London a pair of virginals J No. 227, p. 467. 

' for his own use, and indeed Elizabeth delighted 2 No. 228, p. 468. 

' to play on the virginals, in which she excelled.' 3 Discharge by Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir, 

[Life of Queen Mary, p. 255.] dated 30th September 1595, at Keir. 

In an Inventory of the last Earl of Monteith's 4 Keir Writs. 

' household stuffe,' at the Isle, in 1694, there is s ' Johannes Sterling filius comarche de Keir 

entered as in the Hall, ' ane pair of Virginalls.' ' militis,' matriculated at Glasgow, cal. mar. 160S. 

[Priory of Inchmahome.] 6 No. 208, p. 440. 



SIR JOHN STIRLING OF GARDEN, 1595-1643. 59 

event — ' My wyff at the plesor of God departed this mortall lyf in the 
' Keir on Mononday the xxi of July 1628, at fyve horis in the morning, 
' and was buriet in Dunblaine, the 1st of August therefter.' 1 Her will was 
confirmed by the Commissary of Dunblane, on 31st March 1629. 

Sir John Stirling married, 2dly, Margaret Bruce, daughter of Sir John 
Bruce of Kincavil, Knight, and Dame Jean Drurmnond, ' Lady Kincavil.' 
Their contract of marriage is dated 13th October 1638. Her tocher was 
8000 merks, and she was granted an annuity out of the lands of Uchiltrees. 2 
He had no children by her, who survived him. 

By Margaret Menteith, Sir John had seven sons and three daughters — 

1. John, ' born in the Keir on Saturday the xxiii of July 1614, at 
' ten horis at nicht.' 3 He must have died without issue before 1639, as he 
was not confirmed, with his brothers, an executor of his sister Anna ; and 
his next brother Archibald succeeded his father in Garden. 

2. Archibald ' was borne in Oadder on mononday the ix of June 1617, at 
' two horis afternoon.' He carried on the bine of the Keir family, on the 
death of Sir George Stirling of Keir, as shown, page 62. 

3. William ' was borne in Gadder on Sonday the xxiiij of December 1 620, 
' betwix 3 and 4 in the evening.' He is presumed to have died in infancy, 
as another son was named William in 1625. 

4. James ' was borne in the Keir on Thursday the xxx of May 1622, 
' just at xii horis at nicht.' He had a bond of provision for 4000 merks 
from his father, dated 15th January 1639. 4 

James Stirling was abroad at his father's death ; he was one of the Cap- 
tains of the town of Berwick on 28th June 1675. He was afterwards a 
Major in the army. He married, before 1675, Margaret, daughter of 
Colonel James Innes of Easter Denoon, Forfarshire. She died shortly before 
13th May 1681, as appears from a letter from James of that date. 5 They 
had two sons and four daughters — 

1. James who died without issue, before 30th April 1698, when Mary, Anne, 
and Margaret, three of his sisters, were served heirs-portioners to him. 6 

1 No. 282, p. 473. - No. 213, p. 451 . * At Keir. 

3 No. 232, p. 473. Vide also the same Register s No. 297, p. 518. 

for the subsequent Births on this page, 6 Printed Eetours. 



60 SIR JOHN STIRLING OF GARDEN, 1595-1643. 

2. Francis became a Colonel in the army. He married Agnes, daughter of 
Robert Murray, third son of Sir Archibald Murray of Blaekbarony, Baronet, 
by whom he had two daughters, Frances and Barbara. The latter died 
unmarried at Edinburgh on 25th March 1795, aged 101. 1 Frances, the 
elder daughter, married Sir Robert Montgoinerie of Skelmorlie, Baronet. 
An account of this marriage will be found in a letter from Sir Robert to his 
uncle. 2 The marriage was rendered unhappy from the want of a proper 
income for the support of Sir Robert and his lady. When she became a 
widow in 1731, she was in very poor circumstances, as appears from her 
letters, which are printed in the Correspondence. 3 They had three daughters 
— (1.) Lilias, heiress of Skelmorlie, who was married to Alexander Mont- 
goinerie of Coilsfield. Their eldest son, Hugh, became twelfth Earl of 
Eglinton, and was grandfather of the present Earl. (2.) Isabella, died un- 
married. (3.) Agnes died at Edinburgh, 4th September 1759, also unmarried. 
Frances Stirling, Lady Montgomerie, died at Skelmorlie on 9th June 1759. 

The four daughters of Major James Stirling were — 

3. ' C,' probably Christian, who was married, before 1697, to Mr. Bower of Kin- 
caldrum and Meathie, in the parish of Kincaldrum, and county of Forfar. 
She was sometimes styled 'Lady Kincaldrum,' but generally ' Lady Meathie.' 
Alexander Bower of Carret, the nephew of her husband, was married to her 
sister Mary, and it was probably their mother's connection with the county 
of Forfar that led these two sisters to intermarry with gentlemen of that 
county, as well as a third sister to be married to a merchant in Dundee. 
' Lady Meathie ' appears to have embraced the Roman Catholic religion ; 
and five letters from her on this and other subjects, all displaying con- 
siderable ability, will be found in the Correspondence. 4 Lady Meathie 
had five sons — 1. James. His mother writes to her cousin, the Laird of 
Garden, in 1702 — 'My Jemey takes exceeding well with his trade, and 
' his master has an extraordinary kindnes for hem and uses him very dis- 

1 Scots Magazine, Ivij. 207. Agnes Murray sur- 2 No. 318, p. 532. 
vived her husband Colonel Stirling, and married, 3 Nos. 319, 320, pp., 533, 534. 
2dly, Colonel Robert Keith, and had a son Robert ' A Letter to her from her law agent in Edin- 
Keith of Craig, ambassador to the Courts of Vienna burgh, William Stirling. W. S., contains a very re- 
am! Petersburg, father of Sir Robert Murray Keith prehensible expression — ' I should be glad to hear 
of Craig and Murrayshall, K.B. of the old Lady's death.' [At Garden.] 



SIR JOHN STIRLING OF GARDEN, 1595-1643. 61 

' creetly.' Again she writes on 5th August 1706, that ' James is come 
' home after being taken by the French, and all taken from hem, and 
' shot through the left leg.' 1 2. Francis. 3. Archibald, who was godson 
of his mother's cousin, Archibald Stirling of Garden. 4. Peter. 5. 
Alexander. The last four are all mentioned in a letter from Francis 
Johnson, dated 2nd April 1706. He says, that ' Francis is well at Rome, 
' Archibald at Doway, and Peter busy at gramer at home. Sandy is also 
' well in the Exeter Frigate.' He also says, that ' the old man Meathie is 
' become tendere.' Alexander is also mentioned in a letter from his mother, 
dated 27th April 1702, as having arrived in 'Noroway;' besides these sons, 
Lady Meathie alludes to, but does not name, a daughter in a letter without 
date. 2 

4. Mary : she was married, before 1698, to Alexander Bower of Carret, nephew 
of the husband of her sister, Lady Meathie, who was Alexander Bower of 
Kincaldrum and Meathie. The postnuptial contract of marriage of Mary 
Stirling and Alexander Bower is dated 6th March 1699. 3 

5. Anna : in a letter addressed to her sister, Lady Meathie, by their law agent, 
William Stirling, W.S., dated 22nd March 1697, he says — ' I was necessitat 
' to take Anna home to my owne house, for the retention of annualrents was 
1 so much prejudicial! to her that her annualrent could do no more than pay 
' her chamber and furnish her cloaths, till God send better times and greater 
' plenty.'* 

6. Margaret: she was married — contract dated 15th February 1700 — to David 
Brown, merchant in Dundee. 5 They had two sons. Margaret died of a 
' spotted fever seven days after her delivery,' in June 1706. 6 

5. William 'was borne in The Keir oil Saturday the xv of January 1625, 
' betuix ten and elevin in the niorninge.' 7 He had a bond of provision for 
3000 merks from his father, 15th January 1639. 

1 No. 302, p. 523. 4 Letter at Garden. 

2 These two Letters are at Garden. 5 Contract ibid. 

3 Contract at Garden. In a letter from Alex- 6 Letter from her sister Lady Meathie, No. 302, 
ander Bower of Carret, dated Meathie, 6th June p. 523. 

1698, he mentions ' Kincaldrum as my Unquill, 7 No. 232, p. 473. 

' and his Leady as mv wife's eldest sister.' 



62 SIR ARCHIBALD STIRLING, LORD GARDEN, 1617-166S. 

6. G-eorge ' was borne in Cadder on Mononday the xviii of September 
' 1626, at ten horis in the morninge.' He died before 1639, as he is not 
named as one of the executors of his sister Anna. 

7. Alexander ' was borne in The Keir on Thursday the xvii of July 
' 1628, befoir fyve horis in the morninge.' He had a bond of provision for 
3000 merks from his father, 15th January 1639. 

8. Grissall ' was borne in Cadder on Sonday the xi of Februar 1616, 
' at fyve horis in the morninge.' She died before 1639, as she is not named 
as one of the executors of her sister Anna, 

9. Anna ' was borne in The Keir on Saterday the xi of July 1618, betuix x 
' and xi at nicht.' She married, contract dated 5th June 1635, 1 Alexander 
Cowan of Wester Polmaise, and died without issue before 15th September 
1638, when her brother Archibald, then fiar of Garden, was served heir to 
her. 2 He was also served heir to her in the lands and barony of Pohnaise- 
Cowan and others, on 19th October 1639. 3 

10. Margaret ■ was borne in The Keir the 1st of August 1619, befor viij 
' horis in the morninge.' She died before 1639, as she is not named one 
of the executors of her sister Anna. 

Sir John died on 15th April 1643/ and was succeeded by his second born 
but eldest surviving son — 

XV. Sir Archibald Stirling of Garden, Knight (Lord Garden). 

[1617-1668.] 

As above mentioned, Sir George Stirling was succeeded by his cousin, Sir 
Archibald Stirling, eldest surviving son of Sir John Stirling of Garden. 
He was educated at the University of Glasgow, where he matriculated 
in the spring of 1643. He studied law, and entered early into public 
life. He travelled in France from October 1643, till the end of 1644, 
during which period he kept an account of his expenses, which is preserved 
at Keir. Before leaving Scotland, he executed on 16th October 1643, 

1 Discharge for 3000 merks as her tocher— 3 Printed Retours, vol. ii., Stirling, No. 170. 
registered in Books of Session 21st January 1612. * Testament Dative at Keir. 

2 Return- at Garden. 



SIR ARCHIBALD STIRLING, LORD GARDEN, 1617-1668. 63 

a testament, in which, after expressing his ' intent and purpose to depart 
' out of this king-dome/ he nominates his son John, bis only executor, 
and Patrick, Lord Elibank, Sir George Stirling of Keir, William Drum- 
mond of Eiccartoun, Sir Walter Murray of Livingstone, Mungo Stirling of 
G-loratt, and James Stirling, brother of Sir Archibald, tutors-testamentars 
to John his son, ' during the time of his pupillaritie and less age.' 

He was a member of the various committees of war appointed for the 
defence of the country in 1643 and subsequent years — commanded a troop 
of horse in the army, which the Earl of Lanark raised in 1648, after the 
defeat of his brother at Preston, and was appointed one of the Committee 
of Estates on 9th June that year. He was fined £1500 sterling, by 
Oliver Cromwell's Act of Grace and Pardon in 1654. 

On the eve of the Kestoration, Sir Archibald was summoned by General 
Monck to London, with Glencairn and several other Royalists ; 
and on the 14th February 1661, he was nominated one of the 
Senators of the College of Justice, 1 when he assumed the title of 
Lord Garden. 2 

He was one of the commissioners to the Convention and Parliament for 
the shire of Linlithgow from 1661 until Ms death ; and was chosen a Lord 
of the Articles in 1661 and 1663. 

He was served heir-male of Sir George Stirling of Keir, Knight, his 
uncle's son, in the lands and barony of Keir and others, on 15th August 
1667, and obtained a precept of sasine from Alexander (Burnet), Archbishop 
of Glasgow, for infefting him in the lands of Cawder, 7th August 1667. 

He married — -1st, Elizabeth, eldest daughter of Sir Patrick Murray of 
Elibank, Knight-Baronet, and Dame Elizabeth Dundas, his second wife. 
Their contract of marriage is dated 24th June 1637, and the marriage 
was celebrated at Edinburgh on the 9th of July. The tocher of the lady 
was £10,000 Scots. He was then under twenty-one years of age, and his 
father joins in the contract ' as lawful administrator to him.' 3 He and 
his wife, Elizabeth Murray, were infeft in the lands of Garden, in terms 
of the contract of marriage. He married, 2dly, Mause Murray, daughter 

1 Act. Pari. vii. 124. 3 No. 212, p. 448. The above woodcut represents 

2 Ibid. the seal used by Lord Garden in that year. 




64 SIR ARCHIBALD STIRLING, LORD GARDEN, 1617-1668. 

of Sir James Murray of Kilbaberton by his wife Dame Katherine Weir, then 
Lady Elibank. By their contract of marriage, which is dated 24th June 
1646, Sir Archibald obliges himself to infeft Mause in liferent in the barony 
of Polmaise, aud other lands. The tocher of Mause was 18,000 merks. 1 

Sir Archibald enjoyed the estates of Keir only a short time, having died 
in April 1668. Lament, in his Diary records his death — 1668, April. 
' The Lord Carden, surnamed Stirling, one of the Lords of the Sessioun, 
' depairtit owt of this life att Edin 1 ' and, April 23, was caried from Edin 1 ' 
■ to Dumblaine to be interred ther.' 2 The death is also noticed by Sir John 
Lauder of Fountainhall, in his Diary; after an entry dated 5th June 1668, 
on which date he himself was admitted Advocate : ' At this tyme died my 
' Lord Garden, and Gosfurd succeeded.' 

His children were, by his first marriage, two sons and two daughters, viz. — 

1. John, ' born at Ochiltrie the 13th day of Apraill 1638/ He succeeded 
his father in Keir. 

2. G-eorge, ' born at Polmease, 16th day of June 1642.' He died young, 
as another son received the same name in 1653. 

3. Anna, ' born at Gardenn the 3d of August 1639.' 

4. Margarett, ' born at Stirling upon the 9th of Januar 1640' (1641 ?). 
The children by his second marriage were seven sons and three daughters — 

1. Archibald, ' born at Gardenne the 21st of March 1651.' He suc- 
ceeded his father in Garden, and continued that branch. 3 

2. James, ' borne in Gardenne the 29th of June 1652.' Archibald 
Stirling of Garden, and his brother-german James, are named with others, 
tutors to the children of Sir John Stirling of Keir, in his will dated 12th 
June 1682. In a letter from James to his brother, the Laird of Keir, 
dated at Edinburgh 5th June 1678, he says, that the reason of his long 
stay there ' is to mak moiene for a place, and to waite upon the commis- 
' sioner hes grace.' In a previous letter to Sir John of Keir, dated Paris, 
4th July 1674, James solicits Keir to promote a match between him and a 
niece of Bankell, who is presumed to have beeu John Stirling : James says — 

' I houp vow will doe me the feavoure not to be forgetful to case trai if Bankels 
' neace be not disposed off, and also to know if her unckle Banckel be of that meind 
1 No. 21G, p. 455. 2 Laraont's Diary, p. 205. 3 Page 83. 



SIR ARCHIBALD STIRLING, LORD GARDEN, 1617-1668. 65 

1 that he was of the last time that you and Touch was pleased to speak to him of that 
' busines betuixt her and me, which without doutte (I houpe) yow wil bring him as 
' great a lenth as you think fitte, for, Sir, I will asshure you, that my meind is now 

• much more that way than formally ; and if yow think fitte to lett Banckel see this 

• letter, you may doe it. If you fortune to see her befor my coming to Scoot- 
' land, I humblie intreat you to present my service to her, and make much off her. 
" Hoping that you wil pardone this my fredome, I wil not truble yow longer in this 
' particular.' 

The alliance proposed in this letter did not take place, and James Stirling 
afterwards married, contract dated 22nd June 1(381, Mary, only daughter of 
Sir George Stirling, the first haronet of Glorat. James Stirling made Ms will 
at Touch on 10th May lb'89, in which he is designated ' Lieutenant James 
' Stirling, hrother-german to umquhile Sir John Stirling of Keir. 1 He died 
before 21st April 1699. By Mary Stirling, his wife, he had a son, James, and 
a daughter, Christian, both living on 15th August 1702, when Sir Mungo 
Stirling of Glorat granted a bond of corroboration to them. 2 

3. George (second of the same name), ' borne at Ochiltrie the 20th day 
of July 1653/ He is included in the destination of Garden in 1667. 

4. William, ' borne at Ochiltrie the 20th day of Oct 1 ' 1654.' 

5. Alexander, ' born at Ochiltrie the 9th of April 1656.' 

6. Thomas, ' borne at Ochiltrie the 25th December 1658.' 

As the three last are omitted from the destination of Garden made by their 
father in 1667, it is presumed that they died young. 

7. Henry, the youngest son, ' borne at Edinburgh the 20th day of July 
1667.' In 1683, he was appointed ensign to the company levied by the 
Merchants of London, to go to the East Indies. On 3rd December 1718, 
' Mr. Henry (or ' Harry') Stirling, lawfull son of the deceased Sir Archibald 
' Stirling of Keir,' obtained right to a bond for 1800 rnerks Scots by the 
Garden family, which he discharged on 12th February 1734. 3 He died in 
the end of August 1736, after eight days illness of a ' bloody flux.' 1 Henry 
Stirling had a son born in 1709 or 1710, who was living in 1731. 5 

1 Glorat Writs. 4 Letter from John Stirling of Garden, his 

2 Glorat Writs. nephew, 2nd September 1736, at Garden. 

:l Original Assignation and Discharge at Gar- 6 Letters from Archibald Stirling and Anna 

den. Stirling, at Garden. 



66 SIR JOHN STIRLING OF KEIR, 1668-1684. 

8. Catherine, ' borne at Edin 1 ' the 8th September 1647.' 

9. Elizabeth, ' born at Ochiltrie upon the last of January 1649.' She 
married James Setoim of Touch. They had a daughter, baptized Lucy at 
Edinburgh, 30th March 1676. 1 

10. Rebecca, 'born at Ochiltrie upon the 2nd April 1650."-' 

XVI. Sir John Stirling of Keir and Cawder, Knight. 

[1668-1684.] 

Sir John Stirling of Keir was born at Ochiltree on 13th April 1638. He 
was served heir to his father, Sir Archibald (Lord Garden), in the barony 
of Keir, &c, on the 31st July 1668. 

The lands of Ochiltrees, in the parish and county of Linlithgow, which 
probably first became the property of the family in the 12th or 13th century, 
were sold by Sir John, in 1678, to Sir Archibald Primrose of Carringtoun, 
and they still belong to his representative, the Earl of Eosebery. 

Sir John Stirling married, 1st, at Stirling, 6th February 1668, Lady Marga- 
ret Livingston, daughter of Alexander, second Earl of Linlithgow (widow of 
Sir Thomas Nicolson of Carnock, and also of Sir George Stirling of Keir s ). 
She died at Keir, 2nd November 1674, without surviving issue. He married, 
2ndly, Lilias, eldest daughter of Sir John Colquhon of Luss, at the Abbey 
of Hulyroodhouse, on 2nd December 1675. Their postnuptial contract 
of marriage is dated 2nd March 1676. The tocher of Lilias was 20,000 
merks. 4 She is stated by Law, in his Memorials, to be 'a gentlewoman of 
' great expectation.' She survived him, and married, 2ndly, in 1701, the 
Honourable Charles Maitland, third son of Charles, third Earl of Lauder- 
dale, without issue. Mr. Maitland died at Cawder in June 1716, and Lilias 
Colquhoun also died there on the 31st December 1726. ° She was buried 
at Cawder on 5th January 1727. 6 

1 Edinburgh Registers. 4 No. 229, p. 469. 5 No. 232, p. 473. 

2 There are in the Library at Keir, several boobs 6 Records of Cawder Parish. 

which belonged to Lord Garden, containing his At the time of her first marriage to Sir John 

autograph signature, and the motto, ' Non mortale Stirling, Lilias Colquhoun was wooed by another 

' qvod opto.' widower — the last Laird of Buchanan — who about 

3 Lady Margaret was by her marriages twice four years after the death of Lady Mary Erskine, 
Lady of Keir. his first Lady, ' entertained some thoughts of a 



SIR JOHN STIRLING OF KEIR, 1668-16S4. 67 

Sir John Stirling had issue by his second marriage, five sons and two 
daughters — 

1. Archibald ' was borne at the Keir 29 th October 1676, at five o'clock 
' on Sunday morning, and was baptized at the Keir be M' Gasper Kellie, 
' Dean of Dunblaine, the 2d of November 1676/ He died young, as his 
next brother, John, succeeded their father. 

2. John ' was borne at Sterling 26 th October 1677, at five o'clock on 
' Fraydie morning. He was baptized by M T . Persone, minister of Sterling, 
' the 1st November.' He succeeded his father. 

3. George ' was borne at the Kere on Tuesday, 12th November 1678, and 
' was baptized by M* Gasper Kellie, Dene of Dunblane, at the church of 
' Lecrop, on the 18th November 1678.' He died without issue, as his younger 
brother James succeeded their elder brother John. ' My mother-in-law got 
' a letter from the Lady Keir, wherein she writes of the death of one of her 
' children.' 1 This probably has reference to George. 

4. James ' was borne at the Keir on Saturday, the 1st of November 1679, 
' betwixt 7 and 8 o'clock at nicht, and was baptized at Lecrop, 2d November. 
' be M 1 ; William Wemyss, minister of Lecrop.' In his father's testament, 
dated 12th June 1682, he is called second son (Archibald and George having 
predeceased), and he has a provision of 15,00C marks. He succeeded his 
brother John in Keir. 

5. William ' was borne at Keir on Fraydie, 24 th March 1682, at six o'clock 
' in the morning, and was baptized on Saturday, 26th March, at Lecrop be Ml' 
' William Weems, minister at Lecrop.' He is called third son in his father's 

' second marriage, and for that purpose addressed ' he continued till his death/ [Buchanan of Auch- 

' himself to a daughter of Sir John Colquhoun of mar's History of the Buchanans, p. 37.] 

' Luss, between which family and that of Buchanan One letter from Mr. Walter Stirling, Minister of 

' there had been such frequent alliances and com- Baldernock, and another from his son, dated 8th 

' munication of mutual good offices, as rendered the and 19th October 1675, detailing the state of the 

' proposal very agreeable to Sir John.' Buchanan courtship, will be found in the correspondence, 

went to London to get a new charter of his estate Although Mr. Walter's own wife was then in a 

in the prospect of his marriage, but his ' design was ' most violent distemper of bodey,' and his daughter 

4 wholly defeated, the young lady having, much ' very dangerously sick,' he left them, and went to 

' against his expectation, married the laird of Keir Rossdo, and intrigued with success for his namesake 

' before his return. This disappointment had such of Keir. He afterwards ' celebrated' the marriage 

' effects upon his high spirit, as in a little time at Holyroodhouse. 

' threw him into a palsie, and prejudiced him in ' Letter from Francis Stirling to his cousin the 

' his judgment, in which unhappy circumstances Laird of Garden, 2nd February 1679. 



68 SIR JOHN STIRLING OF KEIR, 1668-1684. 

testament in 1682, by which he has a provision of 12,000 merks. He ac- 
quired the lands of Northside before 29th February 1704, as in the contract 
of marriage of his brother James of that date, ' William Stirling of Northside, 
' brother german to the Laird of Keir,' is a witness. He had a son, James, 
who is supposed to be the James Stirling mentioned in a letter from James 
Stirling the Venetian, to John Stirling of Keir, dated 26th May 1726. ' Your 
' coosen James Stirling, of New England, is expected here in a little while 
' from Portugal, where he has lately sold a great ship of 600 tun.' l James 
Stirling, son of William Stirling of Northside, was ' out' in the Kising of 1745. 
He appears to have been in Kingston, Jamaica, in May 1748, as in a letter of 
that date, from James Stirling to his brother Archibald, he says — ' Our cousin 
' James Stirling is well.' William, Stirling died at Monkrig near Haddington. 

6. Lilias ' was born at the Keir, on Thursday, 13th January 1681 at 6 in the 
' morning, and was baptized at Lecrop on the 15th January, by My William 
' Weems, minister of Lecrop.' She had 18,000 merks by her father's testament. 
She was married at Cawder, on 18th December 1701, to John Murray, then 
younger of Touchadam.'-' Their contract of marriage is dated the same day, in 
which she is called ' only daughter' of Sir John. Her tocher is 18,000 merks. 

7. Elizabeth 'was born at Keir, on Son clay, 3d June 1683, at 2 o'clock in 
' the morning, and baptized the said day at Lecrop, by Mr William Weemes. 
' minister of Lecrop.' She must have died before 18th December 1701, as 
Lilias, her sister, is called only daughter of Sir John, in her contract of mar- 
riage of that date. 

Sir John Stirling was appointed one of the royal commissioners for visiting 
the University of Glasgow by commission, dated 4th May 16S0. 3 He made 
his will at Keir on 12th June 1682, 4 and died in March 1684. Law, in 
recording the death of John Stirling, says, that he was ' a discreet, honest, 
' and ingenuous gentleman.' 5 

1 At Keir. ! Cawder Parish Records. ' old Laird of Keir. That in his youth he was at 
3 No. 202, p. 51G. i No. 231, p. 47 1 . ' Geneva, with old Diodati, who told him, with tears, 
6 Law's Memorials, p. 262. Sir John Stirling is ' that in the year 1605, when the rupture was be- 
probably the ' old Laird of Keir,' referred to in the ' tween Vennice and the Pope, the Republick wrote 
following entry in Wodrow's Analecta, under No- ' to Geneva for some of the Protestant Ministers to 
vember 1700 : ' Mr. A. Simson told me he had this ' come to them. And he, as having the language, 
' accompt from one Mr. Stirling, Governour to the ' was sent ; and when he came, he mett with seve- 



JOHN STIRLING OF KEIK, &c, 1684-1715. 69 

XVII. 1. John Stirling of Keir and Oawdee. 
[1684-1693.] 
John, the second son, was, as before shown, horn at Stirling on 26th October, 
and baptized on the 1st November 1677. He was infeft in the family estates 
as heir to his father, on the 14th April 1686, being then 'of the age of 
' eight years and five months or thereby.' He died in October 1693, and 
was buried on the 20th of that month, in the family aisle in Dunblane Cathe- 
dral. 1 Dying unmarried, he was succeeded by his immediate younger brother, 

XVII. 2. James Stirling of Keir and Cawder. 

[1693-1715.] 

James Stirling of Keir, who, as before stated, was born on 1st November 

1679, was served heir to his immediate elder brother John, in the barony 

of Keir, on 1st May 1694. 

James Stirling was accused of being implicated in the attempt made on 
behalf of the Stuart family to invade Britain in the year 1708. Along 
with the Lairds of Garden, Kippendavie, Touch, and Newton, James Stirling 
was tried for high treason, in the Court of Justiciary at Edinburgh, on 
15th November 1708. One of the charges in the indictment against them 
is, that c you did openly drink to the good health of your master as you 
' called him, who could be none else but the said Pretender.' To this 
Keir and the others answered, that the charge was ' no ways relevant, lino. 
' Because the chinking any person's health is not a crime, there being no 
; law against it. 2do. There is no person named whose health is said to 
' be drunk, and therefore cannot infer any crime ; and the gloss put there- 
' upon, that it could be no other but the Pretender, is not only a conjecture 
' and uncertain inference of the pursuers, which can be no ways sufficient 
' to fix a crime upon others, who can only be answerable for what is clearly 
' expressed and declaired by them by plain w r ords, writes, or deeds.' 

' rail of the Councill, who allowed him to preach ' and accordingly, went back to advise with them, 

' openly the Protestant doctrine, provided he would ' and they allowed him in this juncture ; but when 

' putt on the Popish vestments, least, as they said, ' he came back, the matter was patched up betwixt 

' the people should cast at him and them for soe ' them and the Pope, and he had noe access to 

' suddain outward change. This he did not agree ' preach.' Vol. i. p. 87. 

' to till he went back to advise with his brethren ; ' Funeral Letter at Garden, dated 9th October 1693. 



70 JAMES STIRLING OF KEIR, 1693-1749. 

In a memorandum of interrogatories for exculpatory evidence, one of the 
points to be proved was, that ' it is usuall and ordinar for highlandmeii, 
' gentlemen's servants in the highlands, to carry fusees or gunns upon all 
' occasions, even to the church.' 1 After several adjournments of the trial, 
James Stirling and his friends were acquitted, and dismissed from the bar 
on the 23rd November. 2 

James Stirling was attainted in 1715, for his having been at Sberiffmuir, 
and his estates were forfeited. They were purchased by Eobert, Lord Blan- 
tyre, Sir James Hamilton of Kosehall, Baronet, Mr. James Graham of Airth, 
judge of the High Court of Admiralty in Scotland, Mr. John Stuart, ad- 
vocate, brother of Lord Blantyre, Ralph Dundas of Manor, and William 
Stirling of North woodside, for behoof of John, the eldest son of James. 3 

On the breaking out of the Rebellion in 1745, James Stirling was im- 
prisoned in Dumbarton Castle. The Glasgow Courant of May 1746, con- 
tains a notice, that ' John' (a mistake for James) ' Stirling of Keir, elder, with 
; his son Hugh, and James Stirling of Craigbarnet, being found on board of a 
' Dutch ship lying off the Largs, bound for Rotterdam, were taken by Captain 
" Andrew Crawford of the king's boat at Cumbra, and carried prisoner to 
; Rothesay in Bute ; and yesterday we have advice of their being brought 
' to the Castle of Dumbarton, late on Saturday's night.' Lady Hamilton of 
Rosehall, who was Margaret Stirling, daughter of James of Keir, visited the 
three Stirling prisoners in Dumbarton Castle, and by concealing a rope lad- 
der about her dress, they availed themselves of it, and made their escape. 4 

After his attainder, James Stirling appears to have chiefly lived in hiding 

1 On 20th May 1595, John Stirling, in Gam- * and others at the Kirk Doors and on the Pillar.' 

kirk, compeared before the Presbytery of Glas- Ibid., p. 78. 

gow, and confessed that ' he drew his quhinzeir, 2 State Trials, fol. ed., vol. v. p. 630. 

' and come in at the Kirk Door of Cadder upone 3 The purchase of Keir by the friends of the 

' Sondaye, the tyme of the ministration of the family, discredits a tradition, that Marion Stuart, 

' Supper of the Lord Jesus.' He was ordained wife of James Stirling, succeeded in a personal 

to be punished. [Maitland Club Miscellany, Part appeal to the King for the pardon of her husband 

i. p. 71.] and the restoration of his estates — His Majesty, 

Another John Stirling, designated as in East according to the tradition, thinking these little 

Cadder, also came under the sentence of the Pres- enough for so large a family, 

bytery at the same time. He was ordained to * Information from the late James Stirling of 

make public repentance in ' sekclayth, bairfuttit, Garden. It would rather appear from the letters 

' bairleggit, and bairheidit, successively in the of James Stirling of Keir and his son, that his 

' Kirks of Cadder, Glasgow, Lenzie, Campsie, liberty was granted by the government authorities. 



JAMES STIRLING OF KEIR, 1693-1749. 71 

places, and so long as he remained quiet, the Government did not take very 
active steps to apprehend him. But on his alleged interference at the 
elections in August 1727, he was made prisoner, according to a notice in 
Wodrow : ' The imprisonment of Stirling of Keir, the 19th of this moneth 
' is attributed to this keenes about elections ; though its hard to say where 
' his interest in elections lyes. He has been skulking since the Kebellion, and 
' overlooked by the Government, though attainted, and was suddenly taken up. 
£ The reason given, though he denyes it, was the suspicion, that a messenger 

• from Bologna, where the Pretender is, was at Keir's house, in Calder, some 
' nights. Shawfield's son-in-law, Sir Duncan Campbell, had a warrand from 

• General Wade to apprehend ; but it lay many weeks dormant till the throng 
' of elections ; and whither ad terrorem, or for other causes than we know, 
' he was catched and sent in prisoner to Edinburgh, must be left to time.' 1 

From the same work, we learn that in the following year, ' two things 
' happen pretty singular, which twenty or thirty years ago would have been 
' very odd in Glasgow, the setting up of an Episcopalian meeting-house, 

■ and publick allowing of comedies.' 'Northside, Keir, and others, contri- 

■ bute to the former, and the collections go to the preacher, one Wingat 

• a non-juror, who prays not for the king. 2 

In the Pascuiil, called the ' Generall Assemblies Lamentation for William 
' of Nassau,' the Laird of Keir, evidently this James Stirling, comes in for 
a slight notice in the following lines — 

' There are some very good godly men in the parish of Mauehline, 
' But so is not Lauchlin M'Lauchlin of Castle Lauchlin in Stralauchlin ; 
' And from the shires of Stirling and Clackmannan, 
' They'll rise against us with pistoll muskett and cannon, 
' For ther's a hantle of folk ther that is ny cursing Canan — 
' And Stirling of Keir and the Laird of Touch, 
' Care not for Presbyterian touns, nor our sighing sough.' 
In a letter from James Stirling of Keir, to his son Eobert, written in 
Dumbarton Castle on 7th September 1746, he says, that from the beginning, 
he- was certain that that ' extraordinary event would end as it began. I 
' dissuaded your two brothers from being concerned in it, but to no purpose. 

1 Wodrow's Analecta, iii. 430. 2 Ibid. iv. 8. 



72 JAMES STIRLING OF KEIR, 1693-1749. 

' They are now in a place of safety. As for myself, I did not medle in it. 
' I was put up here as a disaffected person, but not by an order from any 
' in the Government. I expect very soon to be liberate.' 1 His son, John 
of Keir, informs his brother Archibald on 15th May 1747, that ( Papa was 
' dismissed from his confinement in Dumbarton Castle, the end of January 
' last, when he came home, and enjoys a tolerable good state of health.'- 

Jaines Stirling died at Cawder on 25th February 1749. An account of his 
death is furnished by a letter from his son John to his brother Archibald. 3 

James Stirling married at Cardonald, on 24th February 1704, Marione 
Stuart, eldest daughter of Alexander, Lord Blantyre, by Anne his second 
wife, daughter of Sir Kobert Hamilton, Lord Pressmennan, and sister of 
John, second Lord Belbaven. Their postnuptial contract is dated 29th 
February 1704, 4 whereby she is provided in an annuity of three thousand 
merles, which was allowed to her after the forfeiture of her husband, by 
charter, under the Great Seal, 15th December 1718. 

Their children were fourteen sons and eight daughters — 

1. John, his heir. 

2. Alexander, who must have predeceased John without issue, as Archi- 
bald succeeded John. 

3. Archibald, who succeeded his brother John. [Vide No. XVIII. 2.] 

4. Walter, born at Keir on 30th August 1711. 

5. Charles, born at Keir on 1st October 1712. 

6. William, born at Keir on 8th September 1713. These three sons all 
died without issue, as their youngest brother William succeeded to their elder 
brother Archibald. 

7. James, born at Keir 17th September 1714, was a merchant at Kingston, 
Jamaica, in 1734. He died at Monkrigg, near Haddington, 9th August 1773. 5 

8. Eobert, born at Keir 14th September 1715, was also a merchant at King- 
ston, 1734-1748. He died there in 1760. James Stirling, the Venetian, 
writes to James Stirling of Keir on Christmas Day 1735 — ' Your sons in 

1 No. 324, p. 538. ' of my Father's liberation,' and assuring ' your 

2 Letter at Keir. The same John Stirling wrote ' Lordship, both he and I shall always retain a most 
from Keir on February 6, 1747, to Andrew Flct- ' gratefull sense of it.' [Letter at Salton ] 

cher. Lord Justice-Clerk, expressing ' the great obli- 3 No. 327, p. 540. 

' gations we ly under to your Lordship, on account ' At. Keir. ■> No. 232, p. 473. 



JAMES STIRLING OF KEIR, 1693-1749. 73 

' Jamaica are both in good health and good esteem according to all accounts, 
' but particularly Roby.' 

9. Henry, born at Keir 22nd November 1718. He was at Fort Marlborough 
in 1739, and was Eesident at Sillibar in 1742. He died in India before 
1st November 1748, as in a letter of that date, his brother John mentions 
legacies by his ' poor Brother Henry.' 

10. Charles, born at Cawder 8th March 1722. He died at Manchester 7th 
February 174?. * 

11. Hugh, born at Cawder 26th February 1723. He was concerned in 
the Rising of 1745, and along with his father, was taken on board a Dutch 
ship, bound for Rotterdam, on 6th May 1746, and imprisoned in Dumbarton 
Castle. He was afterwards a merchant at Calcutta in 1748, and died at 
Fort St. Davids, East Inches, on 7th April 1749. 2 

12. William, born at Cawder 5th June 1725. He carried on the line of the 
family. [Vide No. XVIII. 3.] 

13. Lewis, born at Cawder 30th November 1726. He died in Jamaica. 

14. Alexander, born at Glasgow 4th December 1729. 

15. Ann, born at Keir 20th January 1706. She was married to John 
Erskine of Carnock, advocate, whom she survived, and died at Edinburgh 
11th May 1779, having had issue. 

16. Lilias, born at Edinburgh 6th February 1707. She died at Cawder 
unmarried, in or about 1775. 

17. Frances, born at Keir 30th December 1707. She was married 31st March 
1742, to Sir Archibald Stuart of Castlemilk, Baronet. She died at Gourock 12th 
September 1757. They had one son, who died young, and a daughter, Anne 
Stuart, who, in the entail of Keir in 1771, is called only child of the deceased 
Frances Stirling. Anne Stnart was married to her cousin, Sir John Stuart of 
Castlemilk, who died on 18th January 1797, and was the last Baronet of Castle- 
milk. Lady Stuart died at Castlemilk 16th December 1821, without issue. 

18. Elizabeth, born at Edinburgh 7th January 1718. 

19. Helen, born at Keir, 10th October 1719. She and her sister Elizabeth 
both died before 1771 unmarried, as they are not called with their younger 
sisters in the entail of Keir of that year. 

1 Letter from his brother Archibald at Keir. 2 Xos. 328 and 329, pp. 541-2. 

K 



74 



JOHN STIRLING OF KEIR, 1728-1757. 



20. Margaret, born at Keir 6th October 1720. She was married to Sir 
Hugh Hamilton of Kosehall, and died at Edinburgh 20th October 1802, aged 
eighty-two. It was this lady, who by a stratagem succeeded in releasing her 
father and brother, and James Stirling of Craigbarnet, from Dumbarton jail. 

21. Magdalen, born at Cawder 29th February 1724. She was commonly 
called ' Aunt Maddy,' in the family of her brother William (No. XVIII. 3). 
She died at Edinburgh in February 1798. 

22. Henriett, born at Cawder 20th March 1728. 1 

James Stirling and Marion Stuart had thus the large number of twenty-two 
children. 2 He died, as already shown, at Cawder, on 25th February 1749, 
aged seventy years, and was _/#^ The following Seals were 

succeeded by his eldest son, ^fe' used by James Stirling, on 

John. His widow survived him Sfi%%^ three sides of an iron seal, 

twenty-one years, and died at J4m>\ which is itself also here 

Cawder on 20th March 1770. M^m shown — 






CHAPTER IV. 

[1728-1857.] 

FROM JOHN STIRLING, SON OF JAMES, TO WILLIAM STIRLING, THE PRESENT 
PROPRIETOR OF KEIR AND CAWDER. 

XVIII. 1. John Stirling of Keir and Cawder. 

[1728-1757.] 

John Stirling, eldest son of James, was born at Erskine on 18th November 
1704. On the following day James writes — '. My wife, God be thanked, was 
' saflie brought to bed yesternight of a son, and is now pretty well.' 3 Mungo 

1 These births, marriages, and deaths, are stated children, and that the sixteenth succeeded to the 
from the Record at Keir. estates of Keir and Cawder. 

2 There is a tradition, that this Lady Keir was 3 Letter from James Stirling of Keir, dated 
usually followed to the church by sixteen of her Areskine, November 19, 1704. 



\ 



ARCHIBALD STIRLING OF KEIR, 1757-1783. 



75 




Stirling of Craigbarnet, writes to the Laird of Garden on the 18th of the 
following month — ' I was at Areskin the other week, and was verie weel 
' pleased to see our young chief, who is a very pleasant child.' 1 The family 
estates which had been forfeited by his father in 1715, and purchased by his 
friends, were reconveyed to John in June 1728. The rental of these estates 
was then £795. The vassals of Keir, who had become Crown-holders by Act of 
Parliament, 1st George L, reconveyed to him the superiorities of their lands. 
It appears from a letter from John Stirling of Garden, 10th March 1746, tbat 
' on the marcb of the Duke of Cumberland's army northwards, that part of 
' them which quartered at Keir on the night of the 4th of February last, did 
' then take away or destroy a great many Papers.' 2 

He disponed Cawder to his brother Archibald in 1750, with a view to his 
marriage with Miss Erskine of Torrie. 

John Stirling of Keir died unmarried, at Edinburgh, on 7th 
July 1757, set. fifty-four. The high estimation in which he was j 
held by his relations and friends, will appear from the letters 
written on his death, 3 and from a poem by his cousin Lord Gray. 4 

XVIII. 2. Archibald Stirling of Keir and Cawder. 

[1757-1783.] 

Archibald Stirling was born at Keir, 4th September 1710. He went to 
Jamaica in early life and became a merchant. It was probably on the occasion 
of his going to Jamaica, that he obtained from Eoderick Chalmers, Eoss Herald, 
a blazon of his armorial bearings, and which are thus described — : Argent on 
' a Bend sable three Buckles or ; a Crescent as a brotherly distinction, all 
' within a bordure quarterly or, charged with a Rose gules, barbed vert, and 
' cheque azure and argent (being the principal armorial figures 
' of Blantyre), above the Shield an Helmet befitting his de- 
' gree, with a mantle gules, doubling argent, and on a wreath 
' of his Colours is set for his Crest a Moor's Head, couped 
' proper, and on an Escroll above, this motto, Gang Fordward.' 3 



1 Letter dated 18tli December 1704. 

2 Keir Writs. 

3 Nos. 333-336, pp. 544-5. 

1 No. 337, p. 545. 5 Original at Keir. 





76 ARCHIBALD STIRLING OF KEIR, 1757-1783. 

After acquiring a moderate fortune in Jamaica, Archibald Stirling returned 
to Scotland in 1748. About ten years afterwards lie succeeded his brother 
John in Keir. He married, 1st, Margaret Erskine, daughter of Colonel 
William Erskine of Torrie. The contract of marriage, dated at Cardross, 21st 
June 1755, 1 is postnuptial, and narrates their marriage in February 1751. In 
a letter consenting to the marriage, her father says — 1 1 assure you, my daugh- 
' ter's temper is agreeable ; and as she is very young, you have her of your own 
' breeding. She has been an agreeable comfort to me, and I bope she will prove 
' so to you — I don't care how soon you make me a Grandfather — I really think 
' you will both spoyle lukly if you don't soon/ Soon after her marriage, this 
lady planned and partly executed the green terrace on the south side of the park 
at Keir, on the top of the slope, known as Camie Bank. It was completed by 
the present proprietor, her husband's grand nepbew, in 1852. She died at 
Bristol, 4th September 1761, aged twenty-nine, without issue. 

Archibald Stirling married, 2dly, at Balmanno, Perthshire, on 7th October 
1762, 2 Dame Ann Hay, daughter of Alexander Hay of Drumnielzier, and 
relict of Sir Patrick Hepburn Murray of Blackcastle and Balmanno, Baronet. 
In a postnuptial contract executed 19th October 1762, 3 he bound himself to 
infeft her in a liferent annuity of 4000 merks, out of the estate of Cawder. 
She died at Cawder on 14th October 1807, aged eighty. 4 

By deed of entail, dated 5th November 1771, he entailed the estates of Keir, 
Cawder, and others, on the heirs-male of his body, and the following persons 
and the heirs-male of their bodies respectively. James Stirling, late of Kingston 
in Jamaica, his immediate younger brother ; William, his next brother ; James, 
John, Archibald, and Charles, the four eldest sons of William ; Archibald Stir- 
ling of Garden ; Patrick Stirling of Kippendavie ; John Stirling of Jamaica, only 
brother of Patrick, and second son of the deceased Patrick Stirling of Kippen- 
davie ; Sir William Stirling of Ardoch ; Thomas, brother of Sir William, lieu- 
tenant-colonel of the Forty-second Eoyal Highlanders ; Charles Stirling of 
Jamaica, also brother of Sir William ; Mrs. Ann Stirling, eldest sister of Archi- 
bald the granter, and widow of John Erskine of Carnock, &c. ; Lilias, second 
sister of the granter ; Ann Stuart, wife of John Stuart of Castlemilk, only child 
of the deceased Dame Frances Stirling, third sister of Archibald the granter, 
wife of the deceased Sir Archibald Stuart of Castlemilk ; Dame Margaret 

1 At Keir. 2 Scots Magazine, xxiv. 507. 3 At Keir. i No. 232, p. 473. 



WILLIAM STIRLING OF KEIE, 1783-1793. 77 

Hamilton, fourth sister of Archibald ; and Magdalen Stirling, his fifth and 
youngest sister. In his testament, confirmed 25th August 1784, Archibald 
Stirling of Keir bequeathed to John, Archibald, Charles, and Robert, the 
younger sons of his brother William, successively, and the hens of their bodies, 
and in default of such heirs, to James Stirling, eldest son of his brother Wil- 
liam, the plantations and sugar works of Hampden, Keir, and Frontier, in 
Jamaica. He died at Keir, 3rd November 1783, aged seventy-three, without 
issue, and was succeeded by his brother, 

XVIII. 3. William Stirling of Keir and Cawder. 
[1783-1793.] 

William Stirling was born at Cawder on 5th June 1725, and although 
he was the twelfth son of his father, he inherited the estate of Keir through 
the failure of his eleven elder brothers. He was served heir of his brother 
Archibald, under the above mentioned entail, 23rd January 1784. 

William Stirling was engaged in the rising in favour of the Stuart family 
in 1745, along with his father and his brother Hugh. The account of the 
expense of their uniforms on that occasion is preserved among the Keir papers. 

He married, 1st, the Honourable Helen Gray, second daughter of John 
Lord Gray, at Edinburgh, on 1st October 1765. She died at Cawder on 
31st July 1776, aged thirty, before her husband succeeded to Keir, and was 
buried at Dunblane, in the Keir aisle of the Cathedral ; and 2dly, at Castle- 
milk, on 3rd November 1781, Jean Stuart, youngest daughter of the deceased 
Sir John Stuart of Castlemilk, Baronet, and of Dame Helen Orr, his wife. 

His children by his first marriage were — 1. James, his heir. 

2. John, born at Cawder 23rd February 1768. He went to Kingston, 
Jamaica, in 1789, and died at Hampden in that island, on 24th March 1793, 
aged twenty-five, unmarried. 

3. Archibald, born at Cawder on 2nd August 1769. 

4. Charles, born at Cawder 12th May 1771. Inheriting from 
his father a thirteenth share in the copartnery of Somerville, Gor- 
don, and Company, West India merchants in Glasgow, he was 
engaged during the greater part of his life in conducting the af- 
fairs of that firm. In 1806, he purchased the lands of Kenmure, 
adjoining his brother's estate of Cawder, and built the greater part of the exist- 




78 WILLIAM STIRLING OF KEIR, 1783-1793. 

ing mansion house, where he resided from 1808 until 1816, when he sold Ken- 
mure to his brother Archibald for £40,000. He afterwards took up his abode 
at Cawder, obtaining a life-lease of the house from his elder brother, and con- 
tinued to reside there during the remainder of his life. He married at Linla- 
then, on 14th October 1817, Christian, daughter of David Erskine, C. S., third 
son of John Erskine of Carnock, author of the Institute of the Law of Scot- 
land, who survives him. His leisure hours were devoted to rural pursuits, and 
he was no less active as an agriculturist than as a merchant. He made large 
additions to Cawder House, and built the western wing, from the design of 
David Hamilton, He also laid out tbe existing gardens, in which he formed a 
piece of water, by diverting the course of the river Kelvin, and effected many 
other improvements in the pleasure grounds. For many years he was greatly 
consulted by his elder brother in the management of Ins estate ; and many of 
the plantations and other embellishments of Keir were planned and superin- 
tended by him. During a tour in Italy in 1824 and 1825, he purchased a 
considerable number of pictures, from collections made in the towns where 
the masters were resident, or where they had gone for study. These pictures, 
together with his library, are preserved by his widow at Cawder. Dying after 
a brief illness at Cawder, on the 30th January 1830, aged fifty-eight, he was 
buried at Lecropt, being the first of his family whose remains were laid in tbe 
vault under the southern end of the then recently built parish church. 

5. Kobert, a twin with Margaret, both born at Cawder on 24th December 
1772. He went to Jamaica in 1790 and became a planter. He married Sarah, 
daughter of Dr. Thomas Steel of Steelfield, Jamaica, in 1807, and he died at 
Kingston, in Jamaica, on 28th September 1808, aged thirty-six, leaving one 
daughter in infancy, Helen Stirling, who died in London on 4th February 
1822, aged thirteen years. 1 Sarah afterwards married on 3rd September 1821, 
Commissary-General Thomas Dunmore, and died on 23rd June 1823. 

6. Margaret, eldest daughter, a twin with Robert, as above. She died at 
Keir in June 1784, aged twelve and a-half years. 

7. Marion, born at Cawder on 12th June 1774. She kept house at Keir 
for her brothers, James and Archibald, for about fifty years. She died 
unmarried at Keir, 1st March 1842, aged sixty-eight, and was buried in 
Lecropt church on the 9th March. 

1 Letter from Commissary Dunmore. 



WILLIAM STIRLING OP KEIR, 1783-1793. 79 

8. Jean, born at Cawder 2nd July 1775. She lived at Keir till within a 
few months of her death, which took place at Bromley, Kent, where she went 
for the benefit of her health, on 17th September 1835. In Bromley church, 
a tablet is erected to her memory with the following inscription — ' Beneath 
' this church are interred the mortal remains of Jane, third daughter of the 
' late William Stirling, Esq. of Keir, in the county of Perth, N. B. She died 
' the 17th of September 1835, at Bromley, aged 60 years, and rests, expecting 
' the second coming of the Lord Jesus Christ.' 

By his second marriage he had one son and two daughters — 
1. William, born at Keir 23rd August 1789. He entered the 1st or 
King's Dragoon Guards in 1810, and served till 1818, when he retired. He 
became a captain in 1815, and was engaged at the battle of Waterloo. He 
married, first, Mary, daughter of John Anderson, merchant, London, by whom 
he had one son — 

William Stuart Stirling Crawford, now of Milton, born November 1819. He suc- 
ceeded to Milton in 1828, on the death of his grandaont, Mrs. Margaret Stuart 
Rae Crawford of Milton, in terms of an entail made in 1706, by John Crawford 
of Milton, writer in Glasgow, in favour of Sir William Stuart of Castlemilk, Knight, 
Baronet, and Dame Margaret Crawford, his spouse, eldest daughter of the said John 
Crawfurd, and their heirs, which obliged them to assume the name of Crawford. 
Captain William Stirling married, second, Anne Charlotte Maitland, 
daughter of Sir Alexander Charles Maitland Gibson of Cliftonball, Baronet, 
and had issue, a son and a daughter — 

(1.) James Stirling Stirling Stoart of Castlemilk, who socceeded to that estate in 
1828, on the death of his grandaont, Mrs. Margaret Stuart Rae Crawfurd of Mil- 
ton. He entered the First or King's Dragoon Guards in June 1842, and having 
attained the rank of captain in that regiment, left the army in November 1852. 
He married at Dublin on 1st June 1852, Harriet Boswell Erskine, second daugh- 
ter of Matthew Fortescue, and has issue, a son, William, born at Dublin on 9th 
May 1854, and three daughters, all born at Dublin, (1) Erskine, born 25th April 
1853; (2) Anne, born 9th May 1854; (3) Harriet, born 20th August 1855; 
(4) Hannah Geraldine, born 9th October 1857. 
(2.) Helen Maitland Stirling, born in 1823, who married at Edinburgh, 17th De- 
cember 1846, Henry Everard of Fulney, Lincolnshire, by whom she has one son, 
Harry- Stuart- Stirling- Crawfurd Everard, born at Claybrooke Hall, Leicestershire, 
on 30th January 1848. 



80 

Captain William Stirling died at Castlemilk on 1st December 1825, 
aged thirty-six. 

2. Helen, born at Cawder on 14th February 1783, married in 1814 the 
Rev. Angus Makellar, D.D., formerly minister of Pencaitland, and has issue — 

1. The Reverend William, born 29th August 1816, married Margaret-Matilda 
Cunningham Graham, daughter of the late William Cunningham Cunningham 
Graham of Gartmore, and has issue, two sons and two daughters — 

1. "William-Thomas, born 19th July 1850; 2. Cunningham-Graham, born 28th July 1851 ; 3. 
Jeanette-Susan-Anna-Charlotte, born 19th March 1854 ; 4. Helen-Stirling, born 21st Feb. 1857. 

2. John-Archibald, bom 26th Sept. 1817. 3. Jane-Ann, born 2nd Sept, 1820. 

3. Anne, born at Keir on 23rd February 1785. She died unmarried on 
4th June 1849, at Alness Manse, Ross-shire, where she was buried. 

William Stirling of Keir died suddenly at Keir on 22nd May 1793, aged 
sixty-eight, and was buried at Dunblane. He was walking in the grounds with 
his son Archibald, when he was seized with apoplexy, and he expired shortly 
after being carried into the house. He was succeeded by his eldest son — 

XIX. l. James Stirling of Keir and Cawder. 
[1793-1831.] 
James Stirling was born at Cawder on the 8th October 1766. In 1787 or 
1788, he entered the 11th Dragoons, and left the service, in which he held the 
rank of lieutenant, in 1793, when he succeeded his father in Keir. 
With the exception of a residence in Sicily, whither he was sent for 
the benefit of his health during the British occupation of the island 
in 1812 and 1813, James Stirling spent his life almost entirely at 
Keir. He was very fond of field sports, especially of coursing, but his prin- 
cipal occupation was agriculture and the breeding and rearing of cattle, and 
in these pursuits he was eminently successful. During his tenure of his pro- 
perty, he greatly embellished the grounds, both by forming considerable plan- 
tations, and by making the north and south approaches, the latter of which 
he carried on a bridge over Lecropt burn, and by building the two park 
lodges on the Crieff and Stirling turnpike road. To the mansion house he 
made two considerable additions on the western side, including the drawing- 
room and the gallery. Dying unmarried on 26th July 1831, aged sixty- 
four, he was buried in Lecropt church, and was succeeded by his brother, 





ARCHIBALD STIRLING OF KEIR, 1831-1847. 81 

XIX. 2. Archibald Stirling of Keir and Cawder. 

[1831-1847.] 

Archibald Stirling was born at Cawder on 2nd August 1769. Like former 
younger sons of the family, he went in early life to Jamaica, sailing for Montego 
Bay in April 1789. For nearly twenty-five years he was a planter there, on his 
father's estates of Hampden and Frontier. On his return home, he purchased 
from his brother Charles the estate of Kenmure, where he settled with his wife 
Elizabeth Maxwell, second daughter of Sir John Maxwell of Pollok, Bart, (whom 
he married on 1st June 1815), and resided there until her death, aged twenty- 
nine, on 5th September 1822. After that event he removed to Edinburgh, where 
he lived for some years in the house No. 24, Drummond Place, 
which he purchased. In 1831 he succeeded his brother James 
in the family estates, and resided at Keir with little interruption 
until his death, which took place somewhat suddeuly in the 
night of the 9th of April 1847. During these sixteen years, 
he devoted himself with great zeal to agricultural pursuits, and drained and 
improved large portions of his property, both at Keir and Cawder. Like 
his brother James, he also paid considerable attention to the breeding and 
rearing of stock, especially short-horned cattle. He completed the drawing- 
room and gallery, added to the mansion house of Keir, but left unfinished 
by his brother. At Cawder and Kenmure, he added considerably to the 
value of his lands by the discovery of iron, coal, and freestone, which are still 
extensively worked there. In the later years of his life, Ms West Indian 
property, like most others at that time, was greatly deteriorated in value; 
and he sold his estate of Frontier, which had sometimes produced a yearly 
return of £5000 for something less than £8000. As a landlord, Archibald 
Stirling was both liberal and beloved, and few men were more munificent in 
their charities. By his wife, he had three children — 

1 . William, now of Keir. 

2. Hannah-Ann, born at Kenmure on the 17th August 1816. She died 
unmarried at Carlsbad in Germany, on the 18th July 1843, and was buried 
in Lecropt Church. A monument has since been erected to her memory 
by her brother, in the old church-yard of Lecropt, which is now enclosed 
within the woods, at the south-east of the park at Keir. 




82 WILLIAM STIRLING OF KEIR, 1847. 

3. Elizabeth, born at Kenmure on the 24th August 1822. She died un- 
married on the 12th September 1845, and was buried in Lecropt Church on 
the 20th September. A monument to her memory was erected at the same 
time with that of her sister, in the old church-yard of Lecropt. 

XX. William Stirling, now of Keir and Cawder. 

He was born at Kenmure on 8th March 1818. He graduated B. A. at 
Trinity College, Cambridge, in 1839, and M.A. in 1843. He dis- 
entailed the family estates in 1849 ; and in 1852, he sold for about 
£2000 the estate of Hampden in Jamaica, the remaining portion | 
of a property which had for some years ceased to meet its expenses. 
He has made considerable alterations in the house and grounds at 
Keir, having removed the entrance from the east to the north, built a new set 
of offices, turned the old entrance hall into a library, and added a bay of five 
windows to the centre of the eastern front. The porch, gateway, and connect- 
ing arcade, and the terraces which surround three sides of the house, were 
likewise constructed by him, and he has added considerably to the pleasure- 
grounds. These improvements were chiefly effected between 1849 and 1851. 
He was elected M. P. for Perthshire at the general elections of 1852 and 1857. 
He is author of the following works — 

Songs of the Holy Land. 8vo. London, 1847. 
Annals of the Artists of Spain (Plates). 3 vols. 8vo. London, 1848. 

The Cloister Life of the Emperor Charles V. Fcap. 8vo. London 1852. Reprinted in 1852 and again in 1853. 
Velazquez and his Works. Fcap. 8vo. London, 1855. 

Notices of the Emperor Charles V. in 1555 and 1556; selected from the Despatches of Federigo Badoer, 
Ambassador from the Republic of Venice to the Court of Bruxelles. Sm. 4to. London, 1856. 

Armorial iSearfttgS (Engraved on the back of Title Page). 

Shield : Argent, on a Bend azure, three Buckles, or. Crest : A Moor's head in 
profile. Supporters : Two Greyhounds. Motto : Gang Forward. 





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BLANCHES OF THE STIRLING FAMILY. 



I. STIRLING OF GAKDEN, 

IN THE PARISH OF KIPPEN AND COUNTY OF STIRLING. 

This branch is the nearest in male succession to the main line of Keir after 
Mr. Stirling Crawfurd of Milton, and his brother Mr. Stirling Stuart of Castle- 
milk and his family. It has existed since the year 1613 ; and in the course 
of its descent, has produced a successful lawyer, who attained to the dignity 
of the Bench, and a distinguished mathematician, who was the friend and 
correspondent of Sir Isaac Newton, and other eminent men of his time. 

Garden, Gardenne, or Garden as it was frequently called, was acquired in the 
beginning of the seventeenth century, by Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir, from 
Sir James Forrester of Garden, whose family had possessed that estate for a 
considerable period. Garden was then of much greater extent than it is now. 
In Pout's Map of the Lennox, there are noted the East, Middle, and West 
Cardens. The old Castle or Tower of Garden has been demolished but the 
site is well known. It stood on a knoll, in a large marsh, about half a mile 
to the north-west of the present mansion house of Garden. 1 

The first Stirling who possessed Garden as a separate estate was — 

I. Sir John Stirling, Knight, second son of Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir. 
Sir John was born about the year 1595, and on the occasion of Ms marriage 
in 1613, obtained Garden from his father. As Sir John's eldest son, Lord 
Garden carried on the line of the Keir Family, an account of both father and 
son is given under the Keir line. The eldest surviving son of Sir John was — 

II. Sir Archibald Stirling of Garden, Knight, Lord Garden, an account 
of whom, as already stated, is given imder the Keir line. The eldest son 
of his second marriage was — 

1 The Gallowshill of Garden was a little to the north of the old Tower. Old people at Garden 
remember the stone in which the gallows was fixed. 



84 



STIRLING OF GARDEN. 



III. Archibald Stirling of Garden, 1 who was born on the 21st March 
1 651. He succeeded to Garden on the death of his father, Lord Garden, in 
1668, in terms of a disposition executed by the latter in the previous year. 
Along with the Lairds of Keir, Ivippendavie, Touch, and Newton, this Laird 
of Garden was concerned in the rising in favour of the Stuart family in 1708, 
which was known as the ' Gathering of the Brig of Turk.' He was appre- 
hended and taken prisoner to London for examination before the Privy Council. 
Ou his way to London, he writes to his wife from Newcastle in May 1708 — 
' The people as we pass, flockes in great numberes to gaise on ws, but they 
' appeare to be vary civill by their prayeres for ws.' 3 He was imprisoned in 
Newgate till the July following, 3 when he and his fellow prisoners were sent 
back to the Castle of Edinburgh. They were afterwards tried for high treason 
and acquitted. 4 Archibald Stirling married, 1st, in April 1677, Margaret 
Baillie, only daughter of Sir Gideon Baillie of Lochend, and widow of Sir John 
Colquhoun of Luss, Baronet. 5 Of this marriage there was an only son, Archi- 
bald [IV.], who succeeded his father. Margaret Baillie died on 20th July 1679, 
and the following elegy, preserved at Garden, was written on the occasion — 



As verteue, prudence, wisdome, goodnes, grace 
Are treue characters of this Gracious Guyd, 
So meeknes, loue, illustrating her place 
To be suprem, includeth all besyd. 

So wee perceaue no splendor one can haue 
Will free them from fatalite of graue, 
Iff ought could plead exemption from that strok, 
Hir immence mynd adorn'd with sacred store 
Off select scantion, might the heauenes provok 
To pittie people that can plead no more. 



Bot since nor grace nor verteue this can moue 
Wee most submit vnto the God of Loue. 
Wee sie her losse, may weal compared bee 
Vnto the fall off sum great fabrick fair, 
Which guylted ore shyn'd with excellencie 
Non to be seen that with it could compair 
Bot now decay'd : So shee whil hear below 
Had no compair for any thing wee know 
Itt is most sure she lived all her lyffe 
A most kynd Mother, Widow and a Wyffe. 6 



Archibald Stirling married, 2nclly, contract dated 26th January 1686, Anna, 
eldest daughter to Sir Alexander Hamilton of Haggs, near Linlithgow, and 



1 There is a portrait of him at Garden, marked 
' Archibald Stirling of Garden, brother of Sir John 
' Stirling of Keir.' 

2 Letter at Garden. 

3 Copy warrant by the English Privy Council. 

4 State Trials, vol. v. p. 630. 

5 One letter on the occasion of Margaret Baillie's 
first marriage to the Laird of Luss younger, and two 
letters from her brothers-in-law on the subject of her 
second marriage, are printed in the Correspondence. 



6 There is a portrait of Margaret Baillie at Gar- 
den. She was the mother of Lillias Colquhoun, wife 
of Sir John Stirling of Keir, who was the eldest 
brother of Archibald Stirling of Garden. The 
wives of the two brothers were thus mother and 
daughter, the younger brother being married to 
the mother. A contemporary writer records, that 
Margaret Baillie was ' a pattern for temperance and 
' modesty, and an exact instructor of her chil- 
' dren.' [Law's Memorials, p. 89.] 



85 

Dame Mary Murray, his spouse. The tocher of Anna was ten thousand raerks 
Scots. : Mistress Anna Hamilton, Lady Garden,' was living on 8th March 
1731, but she died before 20th January 1735. By her he had four sons — 

1. James, who died before 1701. His sisters, Elizabeth, Anne, and Mary, 
were retoured heiresses of provision to him on 22nd May 1716. 1 

2. John, who acquired Garden from his eldest brother Archibald in 1718. 

3. James, who was an eminent mathematician. A short notice of him will 
be found at the end of this account of the Garden Family. 

4. Charles, who went to Kingston, Jamaica, and became a merchant there. 
In the family he was commonly called ' The Merchant.' He died, unmar- 
ried, after the year 1739. 2 

These three sons, John, James, and Charles, had a bond of provision from 
their father, dated 19th December 1701. 3 

Archibald Stirling and Anna Hamilton had also five daughters — 
1. Marion, who was baptized on 2nd August 1690. 4 2. Elizabeth. Her 
father writes to her mother from London on 8th of July 1708, that he and 
his fellow prisoners were to be sent to Edinburgh Castle — ' Let poor 
' Lizie come in with you, for I would see her ther since I wanted her at 
' parting.' She died young. 3. Margaret. She also died young, and was 
buried in the Greyfriars' Churchyard, Edinburgh, on 27th October 1701. 5 
Her sisters, Elizabeth, Ann, and Mary, were retoured heirs of provision to 
her on 22nd May 1716.° 4. Anna, who died at Leadhills on 8th April 1747, 
unmarried. 5. Mary, who died unmarried. 7 After possessing Garden for 
forty-eight years, Archibald Stirling [III.] died on 19th August 1715, aged 
sixty-four, and was succeeded by the only son of his first marriage, 

IV. Archibald Stirling of Garden. He was born before 20th July 1679. 
In April 1706, he went to Barbadoes as private tutor in the family of Judge 
Walker, and in 1 709 became tutor in the family of Brigadier Thomas Alleyne, 

1 Retour at Garden. daughters were all bora before 11th May 1692, as 

3 Information from the late James Stirling of they are named in a bond of provision, in their 

Garden when in his 84th year. favour, of that date. 

3 Original at Garden. 5 Copy Funeral Letter, and Account of Funeral 

4 Dunblane Parish Records. Marion must have Charges at Garden. 6 Retour at Garden, 
died before 11th May 1092, as she is not named in " Information from the late James Stirling of 
the bond of provision of that date; the other three Garden as before. 



86 STIRLING OF GARDEN. 

' one of the richest and greatest men in the Island,' where he was ' very civilly 
' used, and lived as happily as any man in the Island.' 1 He was served heir 
to his father, Archibald Stirling of Garden, on 20th November 1717. Archi- 
bald Stirling made over Garden to his next brother John, about a year after 
his succession. Archibald married at Barbadoes in 1712, Elizabeth Jones, 
widow of Mr. Eead of that island. An account of this lady is given in the 
following letter from him to his father, dated Barbadoes, 9 March 17ii — 

The person I incline to marry is a widow of about 23 or 2-1 years old, a very good 
woman, and of very good sense and discretion, and very well born. The truth is, she 
has no great fortune (the most of what I can expect with her not being above 400£), 
but if I carry this business, 2 I shall not much want money : and her education and 
frugality are better than a fortune. She never had a child, her former husband 
having died young, and being obliged to part from her presently after marriage, so 
that she goes by the name of the Maiden Widow. All my friends here, particularly 
the Brigadier, approve of my choice ; and I shall be very happy if you please to ap- 
prove of it too. I have represented nothing to you but the truth in this affair, and 
have omitted to tell you nothing material, save only this, that I can have several 
other ways of living very comfortably, in case this which I have mentioned should 
miscarry, for I have very good friends in this countrey. Now, Sir, as you have 
never crossed me hitherto in any lawful thing I inclined to, so I beg you wou'd not 
in this ; for, to tell the truth, I love the woman, as for the reasons above, so particu- 
larly for her good humor, and if I cannot be so happy as to obtain her, I believe 
I shall hardly ever make any other attempts of that nature. I had almost forgot to 
tell you her name, which is Elizabeth Read : her maiden name was Jones ; for in 
this country, as in England, women after they marry are always called by their 
husband's name, never by their own. Her former husband had a very good Estate 
in this Island, but did not live to enjoy it.' 

Archibald, the eldest son of Archibald Stirling and Elizabeth Jones, was 
born on the 18th of March 1713 ; and his father writes in June following, 
that ' he is a very fine lusty child ;' and again in the July of the next year, 
that his little son ' is almost the very picture of my brother at Oxford. I 
' pray God he may be as good a man as he is like to prove.' 8 James Stir- 
ling, the Mathematician, here referred to, writes to his brother John on 18th 

1 Letters from Archibald Stirling (IV.) at Garden. 2 An appointment to a Free School. r> Letters at Garden. 



ARCHIBALD STIRLING, 1679-1732. 87 

April 1728, that their brother 'Baldy' was then in London in very reduced 
circumstances — ' I got him lately in to be a clerk, where he would have had 
' £60 a year, but after they saw him old and using spectacles, and writing 
' bad and slowly, they turned him out, and ever since he has been in the 
' utmost necessity. . . . His eldest son has been a voyage to the East 
' Inches, and in two or three years when he is stronger, I shall be able to get 
' him in a midshipman, which will be enough to make him for his lifetime, if 
' he be good for any thing.' The same letter concludes with a warm appeal 
to the writer's mother for clothing for poor ' Baldy,' who was an object of com- 
passion to the kind hearted mathematician. In the foUowing year, Archibald 
Stirling kept a school in London, the fees from which ' nearly maintained him,' 
as his brother James writes. There was another son, if not two, of this mar- 
riage, but all the sons died young. Archibald Stirling died in August 1732, 
leaving three daughters. An account of his death and family is given in the 
following letter from his brother James, dated the 12th of the same month — 

' This is to let you know, that our brother Baldy dyed on Tuesday last. From the 
time that he angred me about going to Jamaica, till the time he fell ill, I had not 
seen him. When he begun to be apprehensive he sent for me ; I found him in a 
weak condition, but I never heard of any body in my lifetime that was so easy, and 
at the same time so sensible of his condition. He had been well enough supplied 
while he lay sick, and I assisted him from the time I knew of his illness, which was 
three weeks before his death. I sent his wife money sufficient to bury him in a 
decent manner. He has left three daughters, one of about 17 or 18, another of 10, 
and the youngest two years old. You know his death pays his debts, so it is like a 
beginning of the world to his wife. If any of our friends be inclined to help her in 
any manner, I shall be very willing to bear a share, altho' in proportion I believe 
I am before hand with any of them on that score. I am sure, since I was last in 
London, he has got at least £100 sterling of me, and was never 100 pence the better 
for it. For this while past, as I had not supplied him, he was much more diligent 
about his school, and lived much better than he used to do when he knew where 
to get a small matter when he wanted it. His wife is a strong healthy woman, able 
enough to work for herself, and her eldest daughter will be a help to her, while the 
other two are a burden.' 1 

1 Letter at Garden. 



88 STIRLING OF GARDEN. 

The youngest daughter was married to Mr. Layton, and had at least one 
son, Thomas Layton of Old Manse, Kinross, who died there on 23rd November 
1836, leaving two sons and one daughter, viz. — (1.) David Stark Layton, 
surgeon, L.K.C.S.E. (2.) Thomas James Layton, M.D., Surgeon, K.N". ; and 
(3.) Margaret Anne Layton, married to David Syme, Esq., Sheriff-substitute 
at Kinross. The other two daughters of Archibald Stirling were Margaret 
and Sarah. The former died at Edinburgh about the end of the last century, 
unmarried. The latter was married to Mr. Adams, and died at Leadhills 
about the same time as her sister Margaret. 

IV. John Stirling of Garden. On 21st November 1716, a decree was 
obtained against Archibald Stirling, eldest lawful son of the first marriage, 
and heir of line to the deceased Archibald Stirling of Garden, his father, 
and John Stirling, eldest lawful son of the second marriage, and heir of pro- 
vision and tailzie to the said deceased Archibald Stirling. 1 John Stirling 
acquired Garden from his eldest brother Archibald in 1717. John married, 
contract dated 2nd December 1736, Grizell Graham, youngest daughter of 
Eobert Graham of Gartmore. 2 They had three sons and two daughters — 
1. Archibald, who succeeded to Garden. 2. Eobert, born on Friday, 9th, 
N. S. 20th, March 1739. He went to India in the military service ; and 
while returning home in bad health, died at the Cape of Good Hope in 1765, 
unmarried. 3 3. James, born on Thursday, 4th, N. S. 15th, December 1740. 
He went to Jamaica as a planter, and died there young and unmarried. 3 
4. Isabell, born 12th January 1742; and 5. Ann, born 16th November 1747. 
Isabell and Ann died unmarried — the latter at Garden about the year 1825. 3 
Grizell Graham predeceased her husband in May 1751.* 

John Stirling built the present house of Garden, about the year 1751, 
on the lands of Blairfeichau. The Old Tower of Garden was then pulled 
down and the materials used in building the new house. 5 John Stirling- 
died about the year 1760, and was succeeded by his eldest son- — 

1 Decree at Garden. i Letter from Anna Graham at Garden. 

2 ' Our brother and good-sister are very hind, ami 5 Although some members of the Stirling family 
' am pritty sure I could not wish that either he were born at Garden Tower, it was not generally 
' could be happier in a wife nor us in a good-sister.' — inhabited. The family resided partly at their man- 
Letter from Anna Stirling, 4th Sep. 1738, at Garden, sion houses of Polmaise (now Stewarthall), near 

3 Information from the late James Stirling of Stirling, Ochiltree, near Linlithgow, and in Edin- 
Garden. burgh. 



ARCHIBALD STIRLING, &c, 1738-1856. 89 

V. Archibald Stirling of Garden. He was baptized on 13th January 
1738. When he was boarded with a friend in his youth, his aunt, Mary, 
wrote to his father that ' he is a gentle sweet lad.' x He succeeded his father 
in Garden about the year 1760. At that time and previously, he assisted 
his uncle James in the management of the mines at Leadhills, and on the 
death of his uncle, he became sole manager. He purchased the estates of 
Arnmore, Arnfinlay, and Arngibbon, all adjoining Garden. He executed an 
entail of the estate of Garden on 22nd November 1816, and recorded in the 
Kegister of Entails on 21st December following. After James Stirling, his 
only son, and Ann Stirling, sister of the granter, he nominated the second son 
to be born to Archibald Stirling of Hampden, in the Island of Jamaica, after- 
wards of Keir, and also William, John, James, Charles, and Sylvester, the 
second, third, fourth, fifth, and sixth sons of John Stirling of Kippendavie, and 
the second or other younger sons of Patrick Stirling, his eldest son. In the 
event of there being only one son existing for the time in any degree or genera- 
tion, it is provided by the entail, that such only son may enjoy both estates of 
Garden and Keir, or Garden and Kippendavie, during his life, or until he had 
a second son who should attain the age of twenty-one years, when Garden 
should devolve on him. From the terms of the destination in this entail, 
it is clear, that at the date of it there were no nearer heirs-male of the 
Garden family, known to the maker of the entail as then existing, other- 
wise they would have been nominated preferably to the younger sons of 
the Keir and Kippendavie families. Archibald Stirling married in 1772 
his cousin, Christian, daughter of James Stirling the Venetian. He died 
at Garden in January 1824, aged eighty-seven, and was succeeded by his 
only son — 

VI. James Stirling of Garden. He was born on 3rd September 1772. 
He piu'chased the estate of Arnprior, adjoining Garden. During his posses- 
sion of the estate of Garden, he greatly increased its value by extensive and 
judicious improvements, having expended nearly £40,000 since his succession 
in 1824. He was regarded by his tenants as one of the best landlords in the 
district. He died on 20th June 1856, aged eighty-four, having married in 

1 Letter at Garden. 

M 



90 



STIRLING OF GARDEN. 



January 1844, Isabella Monteith, who survives him; 1 and was succeeded 
by his only son — 

VII. James Stirling, now of Garden — He was born in 1844. 



1 The Editor is glad to take this opportunity of 
expressing his thanks to Mrs. Stirling of Garden 
for the great assistance which he received from her 
while investigating the family papers at Garden, 
and collecting information relative to different mem- 
bers of the family. The best thanks of the Editor 



are also due to Thomas Barty, Esq., Dunblane, for 
the great trouble he has taken in furnishing infor- 
mation regarding this branch. Mr. Barty has for 
many years been factor on the Garden estate, and 
was an intimate friend of the late Mr. Stirling of 
Garden. 



Slrmorfal Bearings, 




Shield: Argent, on a Bend azure, three Buckles or; in chief, a crescent, gules. 
Crest: A Moor's Head in profile. Motto: Gang Forward. 



JAMES STIRLING, THE MATHEMATICIAN, 

COMMONLY CALLED THE 'VENETIAN.' 

He was the second surviving son of the second marriage of Archibald Stirling of 
Garden (III.), and grandson of Lord Garden. He was born before 11th May, and 
baptized on 1st August 1692, and was the second son of the same Christian name, 
his eldest born brother, James, having died in infancy. It is believed that James 
Stirling was first educated at Glasgow. When in his eighteenth year he went to the 
University of Oxford. This was either in the end of December 1710, or in the 
beginning of the following year. During his journey to London, preparatory to 
joining the University of Oxford, James Stirling writes to his father, from Newcastle- 
under-Lyne, on the 18th of November 1710 — ' We are within 116 miles of London.' 
' We have been all very well since we came away, and the foil rids very 
' well, and hath a very good stomach.' 1 After reaching London, he writes to his 
mother on the 12th of December — ' I spent as little money on the road as I could. 
' I could spend no less, seeing I went with such company, for they lived on the 
' best meat and drink the road could afford. Non of them came so near the price of 
' their horses as I did, altho' they kept them 14 days here, and payed every night 
' 16 pence for the piece of them.' . ' There is no fear of ill company here, 

' since I have non but ministers.' 2 Being at length established at Oxford, he writes 
to his father from thence on the 20th of February 1711 — "' Every thing is very dear 
' here. My shirts coast me 14 shillings Sterling a piece, and they are so course I 
' can hardly wear them, and I had as fit hands for buying them as I could.' 
' We have a very pleasant life as well as profiteable. We have very much to do ; 
' but there is nothing here like strickness. I was lately matriculate, and with the 
' help of my tutor, I escaped the oaths, but with much ado.' 3 In another letter to his 
father, dated Oxon, 20th March 1712, James Stirling writes — [ I doubt not but you 
' have heard of Bannockburn's marriage to Mar's sister. The 18th of this month 
' dyed my Lord Glanies at London of the small pocks, just as he was setting of for 
' his journey to Scotland, as honest a young gentleman as ever our country produced, 
' and one that was no litle admired while he was here by the most competent judges 
' of the University for his learning, to which he applied more closs than is usual for 
' persons of his quality.'* 

1 Letter at Garden. 2 Ibid. 3 Ibid. * Ibid. 



92 STIRLING OF GARDEN. 

Chiefly through the interest of the Earl of Mar, James Stirling was, in 1711, nomi- 
nated one of Bishop Warner's Exhibitioners in Baliol College. 1 Archibald Stirling, 
the elder brother of James, congratulates their father on having obtained the nomi- 
nation — ' I am very glad to hear that my brother James has been so lucky as to get 
' a presentation to an Exhibition at Oxford, where he will have an occasion of the 
' most polite education in the world ; and I hope in God he will improve it to the best 
' advantage.' 2 James Stirling continued for five years at Oxford, where he obtained 
a high reputation as a distinguished mathematician. He was expelled the University 
in 1715, for his correspondence with the Garden and Keir families, who were keen 
Jacobites. He afterwards resided for several years at Venice, as a professor of mathe- 
matics. During his residence there, and subsequently, he corresponded with Sir Isaac 
Newton and other eminent mathematicians. There are peserved at Garden a few let- 
ters written to and by James Stirling, the remains of a larger collection, unfortunately 
destroyed. Amongst them are letters from Maclaurin, Cramer, Euler, Bernoulli, 8 
Klingenstiern, Castel, Bradley, dimming, Campailla, Machin, Folkes, and Clairaut, 
chiefly written between 1728-1738. One is as late as 1747. As specimens of that 
correspondence, one letter to James Stirling, and another by him, are here quoted — 

Gabriel Cramer, 4 Professor of Philosophy at Geneva, to James Stirling the Venetian, 

20th June 1729. 

Viro Clarissimo, Doctissimo Jacobo Stirling, L. A. M. et R. S. Socio, Gabriel Cramer, 

S.P.D. 
Domintjm Klinguestierna Matheseos Professorem Vpsaliensem, amicum meum intimum, 
eo digniorem esse familiaritate tua intelliges, quo tibi intimius innotescet. Is cum 
apud Germanos hand vulgaris Mathematici famam reportasset et a Johanne Bernoullio 
mihi magnopere commendatus mecum Parisiis degeret ; in Angliam profecturus est ut 

1 Copy Nomination at Garden. It appears from letter James Stirling acknowledges the generosity of 
a letter from the Earl of Mar's secretary, that he Newton, and it seems to bear out the statement of 
paid a guinea of ' drink money for the nomina- the author of the Life of Sir Isaac, that ' he gave 
tion.' ' money to Stirling, and brought him from Venice.' 

2 Letter, dated Barbadoes 25th August 1711, at lb. p. 411, N. 4. 

Garden. * Gabriel Cramer was born at Geneva in 1704. 

3 Sir David Brewster, in his Life of Sir Isaac He was Professor of Philosophy there, and died in 
Newton, has printed a letter addressed to Sir Isaac 1752 at Bagnols. He edited the works of John 
' from the Scotch mathematician, James Stirling, and James Bernoulli, and wrote a great number 
' who met with Nicolas Bernoulli when he was at of works, of which a list will be found in the 
' Venice in 1719.' Vol. II. p. 300, N. 3. In that ' Histoire Lilteraire de Geneve' of Senebier. 



JAMES STIRLING, THE MATHEMATICIAN. 



93 



Matheniaticorum, tuique in prmiis, consuetudine uteretur. Vbi tuuin in me amorem 
intellexit, confidit his meis Uteris se apud te gratiosurn fore ; quae ne spes eum fallat 
vehementer rogo te : sed ut ad earn volvmtateni quant tua sponte erga ipsum habiturus 
esses, tantus cumulus aecedat commendatione mea, quanti me a te fieri intelligo : hoc 
mihi gratius facere nihil potes. Vale. 

Dabam Genevse ad diem 20 Junii 1729. 
To Mr. James Stirling, F.R.S. at the Academy in Little Tower Street, London. 



James Stirling to Louis Castel, July 1733. 

Doctissime Celeberrimeque Vir, 

G-ratias ago rnaxinias propter epistolam quam nuper ad me scribere dignatus es, cui 
certe responsum antehac dedissem si per varia negotia licuisset. Commentaria Trivol- 
tiensia ad manus meas nondiun pervenere ; fateor tamen me pluribus nominibus tibi 
devinctum propter ea quse in aliis tuis operibus de me scripta videram. Cur ego ad 
amicum communem D. Ramsay ea scripsi quse tibi paulo liberius dicta videntur, in 
causa fuit tua erga me publice attestata benevolentia, quam certe credebam me satis 
remunerari non posse, agnoscendo librum tuum de gravitate esse multiplici eruditione 
refertam, si non libere etiam tecum communicarem objectiones quasdam, mea opinione 
haud male fundatas ; hoc enim ni fallor non minus quam illud munus est amici. 

Quantum ad sequalitateni arearum circa centrum virium, ego in pagina 539 tui 
libri credebam C R fuisse errorem prseli, 
siquidem nulla istius modi linea extat in 
scheniate, et pro eadem legebam C c. 1 Et 
procul dubio opportet C R et Co esse imam 
atque eandem, tarn magnitudine quam posi- 
tione, nisi fingas duas esse vires centripetas 
ut in tua epistola. Rii supponis denion- 
strationem Newtoni pro sequalitate arearum 
circa punctum S, dein profers propriam 
pro areis circa punctum T : quam ais tam veram esse quam earn Newtoni : quod ego 
libenter concedo. Nam si, existente S centro virium, arese circa idem aquales sint per 
demonstrationem Newtoni ; annon per eandem demonstrationem arese erunt requales 
circa aliud quodvis punctum T modo idem supponatur esse centrum virium ? Sed quid 




1 The two figures in this letter are engraved from the original drawings by James Stirling 



94 STIRLING OF GARDEN. 

hoc ad nostrain controversiam ego sane nondum percipio. Tuum est demonstrare areas 
esse sequales circa punctum quod non est centrum virium, alias inconcussa manebit 
Veritas propositionis Newtonians. 

Inquis me, si perlegerem paginas 531, 532, &c. ' Sensurum non in solo trium 
" linearum non parallelarum parellelismo rem stare, sed in ipsa prsecipue curvarum 
' geometricarum natura, quarum latera infinitesimalia sunt omnino indeterniinata ut hoc 
' vel illo modo physico resolvantur in determinationes laterales numero infinitas.' Sed 
post lectas sedulo paginas mihi recommendatas, minime sentio rem stare in natura 
curvarum, etiamsi resolvi possint in latera infinitesimalia ad libitum. Et si C II et 
C c supponantur non coincidere, erunt duse vires centripetse, quo in casu nihil probari 
potest contra Newtonum. Ut autem coincidant est 
impossibile, quoniam S A et T A non sunt paral- 
lels. Revolvatur jam corpus in semicirculo ADB, 
cujus centrum C, et E punctum quodvis in diametro 
AB, cui normalis sit CD. Dico impossibile esse 
areas circa puncta C et E descriptas esse tempo- 
ribus proportionales. Sit enim si fieri potest. Itaque 
ex hypothesi erit ut tempus quo arcus AD de- 
scribitur ad tempus quo arcus D B describitur, ita quadrans A C D ad quadrantem 
D C B ; et eadem de causa ut tempus quo describitur arcus A D ad tempus quo 
describitur arcus D B, ita area A E D ad aream DEB; unde, ex aequo, ut quadrans ad 
quadrantem ita sector A E D ad sectorem DEB, unde, ob quadrantes ejusdem circuli 
sibi invicem aequales, erit area A E D squalls DEB. Quod est absurdum, nam prior 
excedit quadrantem, posterior vero ab eadem deficit triangulo C D E. Haec autem 
deducitur consequentia non arguendo a finite ad infinitum, aut ab infinitesimali ad 
finitum, sed argumentando per asqualitatem rationis. Et in quacunque curva deferatur 
corpus, geometrice semper demonstrari potest, impossibile esse ut area circa duo puncta 
descriptas sint temporibus proportionales. 

Ais veram esse observationem Kepleri, et veram esse demonstrationem Newtoni, sed 
non vere applicatam huic observationi : quod ultimum velim ostendes. Deincle ais, 
' punctum S centrum esse ita demonstratur, ut centrum sit et T eodem modo, et 
' quodvis punctum aliud, nullum enim est ad quod non dirigitur vis centripeta, ut 
' ipse adstruit Newtonus, varias versus varia puncta curvas definiens vires centripetas.' 

Newtonus ut demonstret vim, qua planetse retinentur in orbibus, tendere ad centrum 
Solis, ostendit per prop. 2, lib. 1, corpus omne quod movetur in curva, et radio ducto ad 
punctum immobile ducto describit areas temporibus proportionales, urgeri a vi centripeta 




JAMES STIRLING, THE MATHEMATICIAN. 95 

tendente ad idem pmictum : quumque Keplerus observasset planetas desoribere areas 
circa solem teinporibus proportionales, concludit vires quibus planetse retinentur in 
orbibus tendere ad centrum Solis. Et base est legitima argunientatio ; quoniam unicum 
tantmn est punctum circa quod arese descriptae sunt teinporibus proportionales. Unde 
constat nee punctum T, nee aliud quodlibet, probari posse centrum virium, nisi prius 
observetur areas circa idem descriptas esse temporibus proportionales. 

Newtonus definivit legem vis centripetae tendentis ad punctum quodvis in genere, 
at exinde non sequitur eum adstruere vim centripetam tendere ad omnia puncta ; e 
contra, tota vis demonstrationis propositionis l ma! Lib. 1, de sequabilitate arearum, 
pendet ex hoc, quod vis centripeta dirigatur ad unicuni punctum idque immobile. 
Nam si dirigeretur ad punctum mobile, vel ad duo aut plura puncta, propositio esset 
falsa. Et si vis centripeta tenderet ad duo puncta immobilia, turn triangulum confec- 
tion lineis jungeutibus puncta ilia duo et centrum corporis moventis describeret solida 
proportionalia teinporibus, ut paucis ab hinc annis invenit D. Machin. Lex autem pro 
pluribus centris quam duobus nondum est reperta : sequalitas arearum ad unicum cen- 
trum pertinet. Inquis plerasque Newtoni assertiones esse geometrice veras et pbysice 
falsas ; hanc distinctionem fateor me non capere : nam secundum me assertio Geometrice 
vera est propositio demonstrata ; haec erit semper et ubique vera, nee falsa pbysice aut 
metaphysice, aut alio quovis modo. Fieri quidem potest propositionem Geometricam 
in rerum natura locum non habere, propter aliquam suppositionem quaa in natura non 
est, sed inde non sequitur propositionem esse falsam. Exempli gratia, si nulla existat 
linea absolute recta in rerum natura, turn nullum extabit triangulum cujus tres anguli 
sequantur duobus rectis ; attamen est propositio vera, non solum geometrice sed et in 
omnibus scientiis, quod tres anguli trianguli asquantur duobus angulis rectis modo 
latera ejus sint linea3 rectte. Si tantum velis, non sequi conclusiones geometrice in- 
ventas existere, nisi per experimenta vel observationes eonstiterit, hypotheses quibus 
innituntur haa conclusiones existere, inficias non ibo. 

Si habes opusculuni apud te quo physica Newtoni tota convelletur, oro te meo et 
omnium nostratum nomine, ut eundem illico niandes prselo, neve patiare Newtoni re- 
verentiam te cohibere a propaganda veritate, cujus amor apud nos antecellit reveren- 
tiam qua colimus mortalium quemvis. 

In conclusione dicis 1™° sine ulla vi centripeta, et sine ullo centro, aequabiles esse 
tamen areas circa punctum E. In cujus contrarium aio demonstrationem Newtoni in 
eo fundari, quod sit vis centripeta continue agens, et quod vis Ola semper tendat ad 
unicum immobile centrum. Secundo dicis infinita esse puncta circa qure hasc vigeat 
inaequalitas ; hujus autem impossibilitas geometrice demonstrari potest, de quo itaque 



96 STIRLING OF GARDEN. 

non est mihi disputandum. Adeoque post omnia quae ad me scripsisti, non pereipio 

propositionem fundamentalem Newtonianae Systematis ruere ; ignoscas interim oro si 

tibi assentire nequeo, et obsecro ut tu legas banc epistolam eodem animo quo ego 

eandem scripseram. Quod superest valeas illustrissime Vir, meque tibi devinctis- 

simum et obsequentissimum eredas. 

Jacob: Stirling. 
Londini, Julii 1733, S. V. 

Reverendo Patri Domino Ludovico Castel. 

Obliged to fly from Venice, in consequence of his having discovered the secret 
of making plate glass, and the glassniakers wishing to get him assassinated, James 
Stirling returned to London about the year 1725. He continued to reside there for 
about ten years, during the greater part of which period he was connected with an 
Academy in Tower Street. Besides his scientific correspondence at this time, a spe- 
cimen of which has just been quoted, James Stirling also corresponded with his rela- 
tives in Scotland. His letters are always written in a pleasant lively style, as extracts 
from the originals at Garden will show. On 5th June 1725, he writes to his brother 
John, that he is to prepare several papers of his own for the press ; and that ' Sir 
Isaac Newton lives a little way off in the country. I go frequently to see him, and 
find him extremely kind and serviceable in every thing I desire ; but he is much 
failed, and not able to do as he has done. Mr. Stanhope is not here ; I can't get 
information where he is. But I have already got a new patron, from whom I expect 
good things. He has a brave heartsome house of young ladies, with whom I spend 
some idle hours at cards. Dr. Fullerton is my very good friend. He may prove an 
useful acquaintance in case of necessity. But it shall be far against my will to 
trouble him. He is, I am sure, the happiest man out of heaven, and all his happiness 
proceeds from his wife, who is fieither well-favoured nor well shaped, but the best 
creature under the sun . . . My first coming to town was expensive, but now 
I have gotten into a cheaper way of living, after I have gotten acquaintance in private 
houses, where I divert myself at no expences much better than at the play house or 
tavern with a comerade. The Lady Pobnais marriage is now stale to me, else it 
might [have] afforded matter for a droll enough letter. Since she has got a thousand 
pounds jointer, I think it's the less matter. I hope [she] shall have a long tack of 
that to lay up for her children after the Colonel is in the Elysian Fields. As for 
the provision for the children, I am pretty easy about that, for I presume they sha'nt 
be numerous, unless some well hained Dominie lend the Colonel a helping hand in his 
old age. I wish they would produce a pretty little Camcronian to make a minister 



JAMES STIRLING, THE MATHEMATICIAN. 97 

of, and to be a Deity of my good friend the old Lady Keir. I suppose they live at 
Culross. I should be sorry if the young Ladies left their mamma ; they had best 
rather dispense with a long grace and a pickle prayer now and then. I had a letter 
from Mrs. Anne at Cader since I had yours ; among other things she gives me the 
same account you did of Lily Colqhun. I am glad that am out of the way to give 
her an opportunity of discharging her malice, which lay hidden before, and was a 
heavy load on her heart, for I observ'd it often made her blood boyll. There is 
no love lost between us ; I shall forgive her all on condition that Craigends and 
Colonel Erskine and she dance a. reel together, but I would like to have one stroak 
at her or she dyes. She would deny all if we were face to face.' 
James Stirling writes to his brother John, on 23rd October 1725 — 'I drank all 
your healths with him ' (' the mickle Laird's brother ') ' the tother night. For 
my part, I am living neither in great plenty nor poverty, but still keeping the bins 
green and the heart as merry as I can. I want nothing that you could send, but a 
little news about honest Colonel Erskine, to make me laugh, or if there be any 
new scene of mirth arisen among you, pray communicate it.' 'If the God's have 
let daft Shon live to this time, my respects to him, and pray let me know where he 
is, and how he is. I should be glad of the like of him, but that's not to be got 
in all London.' In another letter, dated 22nd July 1729, James Stirling refers to 
the Laird,' who from other allusions in the letter, was probably his younger brother 

Charles, although the reason for calling him the Laird does not appear : James says, 
I have not got the Laird off my hands yet, his writing improves but slowly, else he 
might have been provided for before this time. He lives here in our house, and 
sometimes we have some fun with him, especially when he plays at cards, he talks 
very learnedly on History, Genealogies, and Cookry, but above all things on man 
midwifery, which makes him a great favourite of married ladies, and so he may well 
be, for let there be never so many young ones in company, he always picks out a 
married one to pay his compliments to, especially if she be with child, and after asking 
a few modest questions, he very learnedly solves all doubts.' . . ' The other 

day Mr. Farquharson, who was lately tutor to Lendrick's children, has marryed my 
Lord Montjoy's widow, who has £1300 a-year jointer, and an immense sum at her own 
disposal. Such things happen often here, and never fail to put the Laird mad.' 

On the 19th May 1730, James Stirring writes to his brother — ' I must tell you that 
I think your censure on another person very hard. When a woman of her years 
never having been marryed, lived in the house with a young gentleman, and had all 
opportunities of conversation with him ; is it so strange a thing that they should 

N 



98 



STIRLING OF GARDEN. 



contract a liking for one another, and that by degrees this should grow into down- 
right being in love ? I own that at first sight the thing does not seem so honourable, 
as he was her chaplain, but I have heard of many ladies actually marrying their 
chaplains without incurring the tenth part of the scandal which happened to her for 
barely shewing her inclination that way. The other day here my Lady Mountjoy 
marryed Mr. Farquarson, the Earle of Essex's sister marryed a dancing-master, 
the Countess of Winchelsea marryed a poor wine merchant. These things happen 
daily here without the least censure, even betwixt the greatest ladies and the meanest 
of men. And pray you, suppose she had marryed him, is he not a gentleman tho' I 
own inferior to her, but is not that sufficiently recompensed by the disparity of their 
ages, which is as great an advantage on his side as the superiority of her blood is 
on hers ? And for her familiarity with him, it is no more but a necessary conse- 
quence of her affection, and I suppose consisted in such small trifles as could be no 
shame to either of them unless they had been maliciously made publick, and such as 
passes between any two persons that have honourable designs on one another. I 
don't find that her cordials, much as they are talked of, have produced such indecent 
actions to the light as the Trooper's did, relating to her amours. And let me tell 
you, that if a certain young gentleman who never smelled powder had not been pre- 
ferred to a certain pretty man who has fought for the King, we should have heard 
less of this. Indeed the taking Tough to Dunfermling was a rash action, but very 
excusable. Consider it was done as a means to restore to her arms him that was 
most dear to her, and at the sametime to revenge herself on those, who in a most 
inhumane manner, caused the separation. I wish ye may agree better for the future, 
or at least have better reasons to allege on your side for quarrelling.' 
James Stirling was appointed, about 1735, manager for the Scots Mining Company, 
of the mines at Leadhills. Learned as he was in mathematics, and highly qualified 
as it will be seen he was for managing these important mines, a task which had baffled 
his predecessor, James Stirling confesses to an utter incapacity for the humbler duty 
of superintending his own household affairs at Leadhills. In a letter to his brother 
John, dated from thence on 21st September 1738, he says — ' I came here on 
1 Tuesday last, and am but since that time begun to be a housekeeper ; and altho' my 
' family consist but of a man and maid, yet I am certain they will live and eat and 
' drink as they please, for I have neither leisure nor capacity to look into household 
' affairs. So, if you could prevail upon one of our sisters to come along with you to 
' once sett things on a right footing, I should not desire them to stay all the winter 
' here unless they chose it themselves.' 



JAMES STIRLING, THE MATHEMATICIAN. 99 

An interesting account of his management, as well as that of his successor, Archi- 
bald Stirling of Garden, his nephew and son-in-law, is contained in the ' Modern His- 
1 tory of Leadhills,' which appeared in the Gentleman's Magazine for June 1853. 

It appears from that account, that at first the superintendence of the mines was 
committed to Sir John Erskine, who had been instrumental in establishing the Scots 
Mining Company ; but he seems to have been little fitted for the office, and the 
prospects of the undertaking were for a time any thing but encouraging. ' A change 
' in the management, and the judicious appointment of Mr. Stirling, ' a gentleman of 
' great talents, as agent, soon produced a complete alteration in the state of affairs ; 
' and from that period, his exertions and those of his successors, Mr. Stirling of 
' Garden, and Mr. Irving, afterwards Lord Newton, secured to the company most 
' ample returns for its capital till nearly the present day. 

' Mr. Stirling brought to the task he had undertaken not only the highest scien- 
' tific skill, but remarkable administrative talents ; and it is to a code of rules and 
' regulations drawn up by him shortly after he came to reside at Leadhills, that the 
' village owes not only the greater part of its prosperity, but most of its singular and 
' peculiar characteristics. 

' He divided the workmen into four classes — miners, labourers, washers, and 
1 smelters. 

' The first class were employed exclusively in getting the ore, or in forming the 
' necessary shafts and adits. In the latter case, they were paid according to the 
' number of fathoms cut ; in the former, by the tons of smelted lead raised by them. 
' The rate of payment for these, varied according to the nature of the rock and the 
' richness of the vein. The miners were divided into companies of eight men each, 
1 to whom a particular locality in the works was assigned. As the dimensions of the 
' workings only permitted two men to work at once, it followed, as a matter of course, 
' that each was only engaged for six hours below ground. They were therefore 
' relieved at noon, midnight, and six o'clock, morning and evening. Shortly before 
' these hours, the men who were to go down, assembled in a room called the Ren- 
' dezvous, when the overseers saw that they were all present. There was an important 
' reason for this. The men did not descend the pits by ladders, but were let down 
' and pulled up by ropes, attached to windlasses worked by their comrades. It was 
' therefore necessary that both sets should be at the pit at the same time, in order 
' that they might mutually assist each other. No buckets, such as we see in coal- 
' pits, were used, but a knot having been made in the cable, the right leg was thrust 
' through it ; the rope was then grasped between the left arm and the sides ; the 
' candle, inserted in a ball of clay, was carried in the left hand, and the right used in 



100 STIRLING OF GARDEN. 

' fending off the sides of the shaft. This has been pronounced by the most competent 
' authorities to be much the safest mode of letting the men down ; and certainly, 
' accidents dming this process were almost unknown, while several have occurred, 
' since ladders and buckets were introduced. With the view of affording a system 
' of provision for old age, a regulation was introduced, by which a man who had be- 
' come less able for his work from age or ill health, was allowed to introduce a young 
' man into the bargain as his assistant. The two certainly obtained only the share 
' of one able miner ; but the junior was glad to accept a comparatively small portion, 
' as he was instructed in the business, and all vacancies in the regular body of the 
' miners were filled up from these assistants. In fact, the regulation permitted each 
1 of the elder miners to keep an apprentice. 

' The labourers were considered unskilled workmen, and were employed in con- 
' veying the ore obtained by the miners to the foot of the pit, where it was raised by a 
' horse-gin in some cases, and in others by a windlass, which they worked themselves, 
' and laid in heaps at the mouth of the shaft, the produce of each company of miners 
' being kept by itself. The employment of this body of men was more irregular than 
' that of the miners, and they were paid either by day's wages, or contracted for the 
' bringing of a particular parcel of ore to the surface. 

' The washers were employed in pulverizing the ore and separating it from impurities. 
' For this they were paid per ton of smelted lead. They had under them a number 
' of boys, who were chiefly occupied in pounding the lead with broad flat hammers, 
' a process which has more recently been performed by machinery. From these boys 
' the assistant miners already referred to were selected. Allan Eamsay the poet, 
' who was born in the village, and is its literary celebrity, began life in this capacity. 
' The fourth and last class were the smelters, who were very limited in number. 
' Till the commencement of the present century, they were generally strangers brought 
' from England, the necessary skill not having been acquired by the native workmen 
' till about that period. They were also paid by the piece. They usually began work 
' at an early horn- in the morning, and left off about eleven o'clock in the forenoon. 
' Under these regulations you will observe, that the working hours were very short, 
' and a large portion of their time was left at the disposal of the workmen. Another 
' rule provided for the equitable distribution of this among the men. By it, it was 
' arranged that those who went below ground at midnight during one week, should do 
' so at six in the morning the nest, and so on in rotation. It is to the use made of this 
' unoccupied time that the village owes the remarkable appearance it presents of a green 
1 oasis among the surrounding heath. By the mining leases, Lord Hopetoun became 
' bound to furnish the company with the ground requisite for the houses and yards of 



JAMES STIRLING, THE MATHEMATICIAN. 101 

their workmen. The word yards was, without doubt, originally intended to represent 
no more than a small garden attached to each cottage ; but it came by degrees to re- 
ceive a much more liberal interpretation, the Hopetoun family having allowed every 
miner to occupy as much waste land as he could reclaim and keep in cultivation by 
the labour of himself and family. To these agricultural operations, which were en- 
tirely carried on by the spade, the unoccupied time of the miners was devoted. It also 
happened, that the company, instead of erecting houses, permitted the men to build 
them for themselves. There thus arose an ill-defined right, a sort of quasi property, 
in these lands and houses, and the miners have for more than a century been allowed 
to sell and transfer them to their neighbours, under the control and supervision of 
Lord Hopetoun's local agents. The result of this system has been the irregular and 
picturesque character of the village, where every man has built his house after his 
own ideas, and the green and cultivated appearance of the environs. The latter is in- 
deed the more remarkable, when we recollect that the soil around Leadhills is of the 
poorest description, and that this village is situated in latitude 55° 28' N. and at an 
elevation of nearly 1300 feet above the sea. In spite of these disadvantages, above 
a mile square has been reclaimed from barren heath since 1731, and its annual pro- 
duce has been calculated at not less that 10,000 stones of hay, and the same weight 
of potatoes, independent of a small quantity of oats. These yards provide the winter 
fodder for the cows of the villagers ; and to supply their summer wants, the Company 
leases an adjoining farm, the rent of which is divided among the miners according to 
the number of cows kept ; and the expense of this averages about 10s. 6d. a-year for 
each cow. In addition to this, most of the miners purchase in the summer a sheep 
or lamb, which they fatten on their yards, and kill towards the end of the year. Pigs 
are seldom kept, not from any want of means to do so, but from other causes. Till 
a very recent date, a Judaical prejudice against the use of bacon, as food, existed 
among the peasantry of remote districts of Scotland, from which Leadhills was not 
exempt. Independently of this, the soil is impregnated to a certain extent with 
minute particles of lead, which have the most injurious effects on the lower animals, 
and to their noxious influence, a grubbing creature like a pig is, of course, peculiarly 
exposed. For the same reason poultry are unknown, while dogs and cats are less 
numerous than in other places.' 1 

1 A trait of the times is preserved in a note from ' George Atchison to come along "with the rest men- 
James Stirling to his clerk at Leadhills, dated at ' tioned in the letter, to help Water-Meetings out 
Edinburgh, 28th January 1745, in which he says — ' with two bottles of Shrub in Punch. Be sure to 
' Take Thomas to my sisters and Whitfield and ' have James Eeid of the party ; and if I hear that 
' Whigham and give them a bole of punch.' In a ' one of you goes home sober, I will seek another 
P.S., the clerk is told 'to desire Henry Otto and ' Clerk when I come home.' (Letter at Garden.) 



Mv.fflJ 



102 STIRLING OF GARDEN. 

The writer in the Magazine explains, that the mines at Leadhills have, like those 
at other places, been to a great extent worked out. ' As long ago as the year 1800, 
' Mr. Stirling of Garden, the nephew and successor of the mathematician, to whom 
' we have already referred, as agent at Leadhills for the Scots Mining Company, a 
' most competent authority, stated that the Hopetoun family and their lessees had 
' taken as much lead out of the interior of one of the hills, which bound the basin at 
' which the village is situated, as would pave the surface of it with guineas set 
' on edge.' 

James Stilling died at Edinburgh on 5th December 1770. He married Miss Wat- 
son, daughter of Mr. Watson of Thirtyacres near Stirling, and left an only daughter, 
Christian, who was married to her cousin, Archibald Stirling of Garden (V.) She 
died in childbirth of her only, son, the late James Stirling, Esq. of Garden. 

The following, is a list of the Scientific Works of James Stirling — 

Linese tertii ordinis Neutonianae sive illustratio tractatus D. Neutoni de Enumeratione 
Linearum tertii ordinis. Cui subjungitur Solutio trium problematiun : Authore Jacobo 
Stirling e Col. Ball. Oxon. 8vo, Oxoniae : e Theatro Sheldoniano ; impensis Edvardi 
Whistler, Bibliopolfe Oxoniensis, 1717. Title and one leaf of Dedication, pp. 128, 19, 
and 4 leaves of Subscribers' Names. The Book is dedicated to the Cavaliere Nicolas 
Tron, Envoy from Venice to the Court of St. James'. 

Methodus Differentialis : sive Tractatus de Summatione et Interpolatione Seriermn 
Infinitarum. Auctore Jacobo Stirling, R.S.S. 4to, Londini : Typis Gul. Bowyer ; 
Impensis G. Strahan ad Insigne Globi aurati e regione Excambii Begalis mdccxxx. 
Title and two leaves of Preface, pp. 153. 

This work was translated into English by Francis Holliday, Master of the Gram- 
mar Free-School at Haughton-Park, near Retford, Nottinghamshire. 4to. London. 
Printed for E. Cave, at St. John's Gate, mdccxlix. Mr. Holliday says in his Preface 
to the Reader, that ' it is needless for me to say any thing in commendation of the 
' celebrated author's treatise, the character of which is so well established, and its 
' general method for summing and interpolating series so clear and elegant, that it is 
' deservedly esteemed one of the best performances of its kind.' 

Of the Figure of the Earth, and the Variation of Gravity on the Surface, Phil. 
Trans. 1735. Abr. viii. p. 26. 

Of a Machine to Blow Fire by the Fall of Water, Lb. 1745. Abri. ix. p. 109. 

There are at Garden, two volumes quarto, holograph of James Stirling, of a Trea- 
tise by him on Weights and Measures. The first volume is in two parts. Part I. 
contains pp. 96, and folios 134 ; the second volume contains folios 155. 



II. STERLING OF KIPPENDAVIE, 
IN THE PARISH OF DUNBLANE AND COUNTY OF PERTH. 

This branch was established about the close of the sixteenth century, by 
Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir (No. XIII. 2.), who gave Kippendavie and 
other lands, by a charter dated 5th August 1594, 1 to his tbird son Archibald. 
From this Archibald has descended a numerous progeny, several of whom have, 
during the present century, acquired separate estates, and founded distinct 
families. On 16th April 1622, Archibald Stirling of Kippendavie was received 
and admitted a burgess and guild brother of Stirling. 2 He married Jean, 
daughter of Sir George Mushet of Burnbank, Knight. Their contract of mar- 
riage is dated 21st November 1618. Her tocher was 6500 merks Scots. 3 
He died between 23rd April 1645 and 17th April 1646, leaving two sons and 
five daughters — 1. George. By the will of Archibald Stirling of Kippen- 
davie, made at Auchinbie on 23rd April 1645, he being then c seik of body 
' and of perfyte memorie/ he left his ' eldest lauful son George to the Laud 
' of Keir, Sir George, quham I nominate and appoint tutor and guyder to 
( him in special!' 4 George is called eldest son of Jean Mushet, ' Ladie 
' Kippendavie,' relict of Archibald Stirling of Kippendavie, in bond of pro- 
vision by her to her daughter Grizell, dated 17th April 1646. He must have 
died without issue, as his brother John succeeded to the estate. 2. John, 
who succeeded; the daughters were — 1. Grizell: In the said bond of pro- 
vision by her mother, Grizell is called her eldest lawful daughter, ' and 
' that she is not sufficientlie provydit with ane competent meanes according to 
' hir birth, Thairfore and for the motberlie love and affectione quhilk I have 

1 Charter in Kippendavie Charter Chest. ' forward.' The shield on the sinister side bears a 

2 Burgess ticket, ibid. cheveron ermine. Above are the initials ' I. M.,' and 

3 In the front of a modern building, over the the motto, ' I thank my God.' Below the shields is 
vaults of the old Mansion House of Kippenross, the date 1617. These are probably the arms of 
there is a stone with two shields. The shield on Archibald Stirling and Jean Mushet. The stone 
the dexter side bears a bend, charged with three had been removed from Kippendavie to Kippen- 
buckles, and a crescent ou the sinister chief point. ross. 

Above are the initials ' A. S.,' and the motto ' Gang l Will in Kippendavie Charter Chest. 



104 STIRLING OF KIPPENDAVIE. 

' and carie towards the said Girsell, and for certayne uther good causes and 
' considerationes moveing me, and speciallie for advancing of hir fortune to 
' mariage (as God sail provyde), be the advyss of hir honorable freindis/ her 
mother makes a farther provision in her favour. Grizell is said to have been 
married to Donald M'Gillespie vie O'chalhun, or Donald son of Archibald son 
of Malcolm of Poltalloch. 1 2. Marie ; 3. Heleine ; 4. Margaret ; and 5. Jeane. 
By the foresaid will of Archibald Stirling, he provided ' Grissall,' his eldest 
daughter, to three thousand merks, and each of these four younger daughters 
to one thousand merks. It is stated that ' Grissall' is ' already major.' Marie 
Stirling was married to James Orichtoun, lawful son to the deceased Pa- 
trick Crichtoun in Forfar. Their contract of marriage is dated at Abruthven, 
22nd August 1655. James Crichton of Kuthven is one of the cautioners for 
James Crichtoun. 2 Heleine Stirling was married to James Jack in Doune of 
Monteith. Their contract of marriage is dated 2nd February 1653. 3 They 
had at least one son, Alexander, who was in Amsterdam in 1712 and 1714. 
Helen Stirling was buried at Kilmadock in 1712. Alexander Jack was then 
married and had a family. Margaret Stirling was married to John Burne, 
eldest lawful son to Patrick Burne, portioner of Scheardaill, in the shire of 
Clackmannan, who infeft her in parts of Scheardaill on 23rd January 1662.* 
It is presumed that Jean Stirling, the youngest daughter, was married to the 
Pi,everend Robert Moir, minister at ' Girtoune,' as Captain James Crichtoun, on 
14th July 1671, executed a Eenunciation of Factory, in which he styles that 
gentleman ' my weil beloved brother-in-law,' and ' John Stirling of Kippen- 
' davy our brother-in-law.' Jean Mushet made her will in favour of John 
Stirling, her son, at Auchinby on 16th March 1682, which bears, that she was 
then ' weak and infirme in bodie, but in perfyte judgement and memorie.' 5 
She had probably died shortly thereafter, and she must have been of a great 
age, as she survived her husband nearly forty years. 6 

II. John Stirling of Kippendavie. He is called second son in Ms father's 
will, dated 23rd April 1645. He married Christian Doig, daughter of David 

1 Burke's Landed Gentry, p. 826. ral son named Archibald, who was living on 18th 

2 Original at Kippenross. December 1640. [Extract Assignation by him of 

3 Ibid. i Ibid. 6 Ibid. that date, recorded in Books of Session, 27th May 
6 Archibald Stirling of Kippendavie had a natu- 1641.] 



CHARLES STIRLING, 1697-1736. 105 

Doig of Ballengrew, and relict of John Graham of Meiklewood. Their con- 
tract of marriage, to which Jean Mushet, mother of John, is a consenter, is 
dated 6th March and 8th April 1667. The Dunblane parish record bears, 
that on 7th March 1667, ' John Stirling of Kippendavie, on the one part, 
' and Crestiane Doig, on the other part, within the town and paroch of 
' Stirling, did give up their names to be proclaimed with us in purpose 
' to marriage upon ane warrand from Stirling, the dates whereof is 6th 
' March 1667.' 1 They were married before 13th May following, as in a 
discharge made by the lady of that date, John Stirling is called ' now my 
' husband/ 2 The children of this marriage were five sons and one daughter : 
1. and 2. Archibald and George, twins, were baptized 25th August 1667. 3 
3. James, born 6th October 1677. These three sons must all have died with- 
out issue, as their younger brother Charles succeeded their father. 4. Charles, 
who carried on the line of the family. 5. Alexander : In a letter from 
Patrick Scott of Kossie, dated August 5, 1704, to the Laird of Kippendavie, 
he says — 'As for your brother Alexander, he is presently att Edinburgh.'* 
Alexander must have been born after 1691, when Charles is mentioned as 
the only son of his father. The daughter was Christian, born 19th April 
1679. 5 John Stirling died between 8th September 1691, when he made his 
will, and 1st June 1697, when his only surviving son had succeeded him — 

III. Charles Stirling of Kippendavie, born 14th December 1680. In 
his father's will he is called the only son of him and Christian Doig, and he 
was then in minority. Sir William Stirling of Ardoch, Archibald Stirling 
of Garden, George Stirling of Herbertshire, and David Muschet of Callechatt, 
were named tutors to him. He was infeft in Kippendavie and Auchinbee, 
as only surviving son of John Stirling his father, on a precept by James 

1 Dunblane Parish Records. the shields is the date 1617. These are evidently 

2 Kippendavie Charter Chest. At the door of the the arms of John Stirling and Christian Doig his 
House of Kippendavie there is a stone with two wife. As the stone has been recut, it is probable 
shields. The one on the dexter side bears a bend the date 1617, which it now bears, has been put by- 
charged with three buckles, and a crescent on the mistake for 1667, the date of the marriage, 
sinister chief point. At the top are the initials 3 Dunblane Parish Records. 

' I. S.' and the motto ' Gang forward.' The shield 4 Original Letter at Kippenross. 

on the sinister side is a cheveron between two cinque- 5 Kippendavie Family Bible, and Dunblane Parish 

foils in chief and a sword in base. At the top are the Records. 

initials ' C. D.,' and the motto ' Laus Deo.' Below c Will at Kippenross. 





106 STIRLING OF KIPPENDAVIE. 

Stirling of Keir, dated 1st June 1697. Charles Stirling continued attached to 
the royal family of Stuart, and along with his kinsmen, the Lairds of Keir, 
Garden, and Touch, he was accused of aiding in the rising in 1708. He 
was tried for high treason but was acquitted. He married 1st, contract dated 
3rd June 1703, Katharine, second lawful daughter of Alexander Arbuthnott 
of Knox, who was second son of the first Viscount of Arbuthnott. Her tocher 
was 4000 merks Scots. 1 She predeceased her husband, by whom she had two 
sons, Patrick and James, who had a bond of provision from their father, dated 
7th January 1707. In that bond, Patrick is called the eldest son and James 
the second son. They were both then under sixteen years of age. James 
Stirling was apprenticed to Eobert Keid, saddler, burgess of Edinburgh, by 
indenture, dated 4th August 1721. 3 Charles Stirling married, 2dly, contract 
dated 9th March 1709, Christian Douglas, widow of Douglas of Garvald, 
without issue. This is the lady referred to by Sir Walter Scott in his Tales 
of a Grandfather, third series, vol. ii. p. 24, as assisting the adherents of the 
Stuart family in the rising of 1715. ' Fresh intelligence came to them from 
' Lady Kippendavie, who seems to have been as correct in her intelligence, 
' and accurate in communicating with the insurgent army, as she was sin- 
' gular in her choice of messengers, this last being an old woman, who con- 
' firmed the tidings of the enemy's approach.' Sheriffmuir, at which the 
battle of 1715 was fought, is on the property of Kippendavie, and is close 
to the mansion house. Charles Stirling died before 6th November 1736, 
and was succeeded by his eldest son — 

1 Original Contract at Kippenross. Above the visions of this indenture show the strictness with 

garden door at Kippenross there is a stone with which apprentices were then engaged, the care which 

two shields. The shield on the dexter side is a was taken to keep them in the right way, and the 

bend, charged with three buckles and a crescent on severe penalties provided for transgression. The 

the sinister chief point. At the top are the initials apprentice, among other things, promises ' to absent 

' C. S.,' and the motto, ' Gang Forward.' The ' and -withdraw himself from all maner of debauched 

shield, on the sinister side, hears a crescent between ' company, and from all excessive playing at cards 

three stars. At the top of the shield are the initials ' or dice, or using any other unlawful exercise, which 

' K. A.' and the motto ' Laus Deo.' Below the ' may occasion vice or corruption in him : And if it 

shields is the date ' 1703.' These are evidently the ' shall happen (as God forbid) that the said James 

arms of Charles Stirling of Kippendavie and Ka- ' Stirling shall commit' [certain moral delinquen- 

therine Arbuthnott his wife, who were married in cies] ' then and in that case he shall make three 

the year 1708. The stone had been removed from ' years service to his said master after the expireing 

Kippendavie. ' of his apprenticeship, in the same state and condi- 

- Indenture at Kippenross. Several of the pro- ' tion as if he were a bound apprentice and servant.' 



PATRICK STIRLING, 1704-1745. 107 

IV. Patrick Stirling of Kippendavie. He was bom on the 8th and bap- 
tized on the 9th April 1704. l He married Margaret, daughter of Sylvester 
Douglas of Whiteridge, and Margaret Keith, his spouse. Their contract 
of marriage is dated 27th May 1727, whereby Charles, his father, disponed 
Kippendavie to Patrick and the heirs-male of the marriage. The contract 
was confirmed by charter from John Stirling of Keir, the superior, dated 
5th July 1734. Margaret Douglas died before 1757. The issue of this mar- 
riage was six sons and three daughters — 1. Charles, born 14th May 1729. 

2. Robert, born 5th November 1732. They must have died young, as their 
younger brother Patrick succeeded. 3. Patrick, who succeeded. 4. Sylves- 
ter, born 27th September 1737. 5. Robert, second of the name, born 25th 
May 1739. They must have died young, as their younger brother John suc- 
ceeded. 6. John, who succeeded his brother Patrick. 7. Margaret, born 
1st October 1727. 8. Christian, born 12th April 1731. 9. Katherine, born 
11th June 1736. She married Mr. Fortescue, and had one son and two 
daughters — 1. Faithful Adrian. He was a captain in the 20th Regiment, and 
died unmarried. 2. Ann, married, 1st, Brodie Hepworth, and had two sons — 

Thomas and Faithful, who both died without issue ; and three daughters — 1. Ann 
Elizabeth ; 2. Katherine Stirling ; 3. Margaret Douglas, who married Major Be- 
thune, and had one son, who died young. Ann Fortescue married, 2dly, John 
Taylor, and had a son, John Stirling, born 29th August 1802 ; married, 21st 
April 1881, Harriet, daughter of John Waddilove of Thorpe Hall, Skipton, York- 
shire, by whom he has issue — (1.) Emily Fortescue, born 28th June 1833 ; (2.) 
Herbert, born 28th February 1835. 

3. Katherine, married Mr. Cameron, merchant, Glasgow, and had two daughters, 

Katherine, who married Mr. Nairne, and Mary, who married Mr. Walkinshaw, 
and died in giving birth to her first child. 

Patrick Stirling (IV.) died in the end of November 1745, and was suc- 
ceeded by his eldest surviving son — 

V. l. Patrick Stirling of Kippendavie. He was born on 28th January 
1734, and he succeeded his father in November 1745. He was in Jamaica 
in 1753, with Robert Stirling, son of James Stirling of Keir. As eldest son 

1 Dunblane Parish Records. 



108 STIRLING OF KIPPENDAVIE. 

of the deceased Patrick Stirling, he was infeft in Kippendavie in 1760, on a 
precept from Archibald Stirling of Keir the superior. In the Keir entail of 
1771, Patrick is called immediately after Archibald Stirling of Garden. He 
made his will at Hampden, Jamaica, on 11th December 1775. He died on 
the following day, 1 and was succeeded by his brother John. 

V. 2. John Stirling of Kippendavie, born 22nd December 1742. He had 
a bond of provision from his father, dated 18th November 1745, in which he 
is called his second son. In the Keir entad of 1771, he is called imme- 
diately after his brother Patrick. John was then in Jamaica, and is stated 
to be only brother of Patrick, and second son of the late Patrick, which 
shows that the other brothers died young. He was infeft in Kippendavie 
as heir of Patrick, his brother, on a precept from Archibald Stirling of Keir. 
He acquired Kippenross from "William Pearson in 1778, and in 1813 the 
superiority of Kippendavie, Lanrick, Auchmbie, Shanraw, and Woodland, 
from James Stirling of Keir. He was confirmed one of the executors of 
Archibald Stirling of Keir on 14th November 1789. 2 He married at Airth 
on 30th April 1781, 3 Mary, second daughter of William Graham of Airth 
and Ann Stirling of Ardoch. Mary died 9th Jidy 1820. 

He had seven sons and sis daughters — 

1. Patrick, who carried on the line of the family. 

2. William, born 26th June, and baptized 7th July 1787. He got the 
estate of Content in Jamaica at his father's death. He married, first, in 
1811, Elizabeth Barrett Barrett, only child of Henry Barrett, eldest son of 
Edward Barrett of Cinnamon Hill, Jamaica. She died 19th April 1830. 
They had three sons and three daughters — 

1. John, born 24th January 1813, and now in Australia. He married 
Eebecca Ann, daughter of Major Crotty, and has had issue — 1. William 
Cashel, born 24th May, and died 23rd July 1840. 2. John Henry, born 7th 
October 1841. 3. Francis Gordon, born 3rd August 1843. 4. Charles William, 
born 18th January 1847. 5. Elizabeth, born 17th February 1845. 
1 Scots Magazine, xxviii. 163, and inscription 8th August 1783, in which she mentions the de- 

on a mourning pin at Kippendavie. ' Catherine ceased Jean Wemyss, her mother. [Original at 

' Stirling, daughter of the deceased Patrick Stir- Kippenross.] 

' ling, late of the island of Jamaica,' made a will in 2 Testament at Keir. 

favour of John Stirling of Keir, dated at Hillside, 3 Kippendavie Family Bible. 



JOHN STIRLING, 1745-1816. 109 

2. Henry, born 29th March, and baptized 7th May 1818, died in 1824. 

3. William, born 30th March 1822, and baptized 11th January 1823. He 
is a partner of Stirling, Gordon & Co., merchants, Glasgow. He married 
in 1855, Ms cousin-german, Mary Katharine, second daughter of Sylvester 
Douglas Stirling of Glenbervie, and has one daughter, Charlotte Douglas, 
born 1st May 1856. The three daughters of William Stirling were — 
4. Mary, born 23rd July, and baptized 29th September 1814, married 
Thomas James Graham Stirling of Strowan, on 4th July 1844, and 
died 23rd December 1847, without issue. 5. Elizabeth, born 6th April 
1820, unmarried. 6. Henrietta-Jane, born 4th July 1824, married her 
cousin, Graham Russell, now Somervell, of Hamilton's Farm, and has 
issue. • 

William Stirling married, secondly, contract dated 10th June 1833, Olivia, 
daughter of Peter Salmond, by whom he has had three sons and five daugh- 
ters— 1. Peter, bom 15th October 1837, and died 13th April 1838. 2. Patrick 
Douglas, born 6th January 1841, and died 12th February 1851. 3. James 
William, born 30th October 1842, and died 10th December 1843. 4. Olivia 
Catherine, born 29th November 1834, and died 28th September 1851. 5. 
Anna Christian, born 31st December 1835. 6. Amy, born 30th November 
1839. 7. Margaret Douglas, born 7th January 1845. 8. Williamina-Mary, 
born 3rd October 1846. 

3. John, born 18th October, and baptized 4th November 1788. He was 
bred a Writer to the Signet, but never practised, and became a broker in 
London. On the death of his father in 1816, he succeeded to the estates of 
Gogar and Blackgrange. He died at Brighton on 21st May 1819, upon 
which these estates descended to his nephew Patrick, second son of his eldest 
brother Patrick. 

4. James, born 31st October, and baptized 7th November 1789. He is a 
captain in the Royal Navy. He purchased Glentyan, in the county of Renfrew. 
Married 1st, contract dated 7th July 1820, his cousin-german, Mary, daughter 
of Day Hort Macdowall of Castle-Semple, who died 17th February 1839, 
without issue. 2nd, Contract dated 30th April 1844, his cousin-german, 
Elizabeth Christian, daughter of James Dundas of Ochtertyre, C. S., and 
widow of William Macdowall of Garthland. 



110 STIRLING OF KIPPENDAVIE. 

5. Charles, born 24th January, and baptized 15th February 1796. He 
was a partner of the firm of Stirling, Gordon & Company, merchants, 
Glasgow, and in 1835 purchased Gargunnock, in the county of Stirling. He 
married, on 14th June 1831, Christian, eldest daughter of John Hamilton of 
Sundrum, and had a son, John Stirling, born 21st December 1832, now of 
Gargunnock, captain in the Artillery, and a daughter, Caroline Dundas, born 
2nd February 1837. Charles died 24th October 1839. 

6. Thomas, born 31st October 1800, and died in June 1801. 

7. Sylvester Douglas, born on 3rd, and baptized 24th February 1803. He 
purchased Woodside, in the county of Stirling, and changed the name to Glen- 
bervie. He married, contract dated 7th September 1830, Anne Patricia 
Craigie, daughter of David Connell, Glasgow, and had one son, Charles 

. Douglas, born 18th May 1840, died 29th April 1856 ; and four daughters — 
1. Isabella-Georgina-Hay, born 1st August 1831 ; 2. Mary-Katharine, born 
8th November 1833, and married in 1855 to her cousin-german, William, 
third son of William Stirling of Content, and has issue as already stated; 
3. Anne-Douglas Stirling, born 9th October 1834; 4. Charlotte-Jane, born 
27th September 1838. Sylvester was accidentally drowned while bathing at 
Ardrossan on 2nd September 1846. 

The six daughters of John Stirling (V. 2.) were — 

8. Ann, born 7th, and baptized 22nd July 1783. She married, 6th No- 
vember 1809, Ludovic Houstoun of Johnstone Castle. They had a son 
George, who was M.P. for Kenfrewshire, and died unmarried, 14th Septem- 
ber 1843. 

9. Margaret Douglas, born 14th, and baptized 30th August 1784. She 
married, on 3rd November 1806, James Sandilands, grandson of James, 
seventh Lord Torphichen, and who succeeded as tenth Lord Torphichen 
in 1815. Margaret Lady Torphichen died 13th December 1836. They had 
three sons and one daughter — 1. The Hon. Kobert Sandilands, Master of 

Torphichen, born 3rd August 1807, unmarried. 2. Hon. and Eev. 
John Sandilands, born 1st November 1813, married, 24th July 1848, 
Helen, third daughter of James Hope, W. S., and has issue — 1. James 
Walter, born 4th, baptized 24th May 1846 ; 2. John Hope, born 24th July, bap- 
tized 28th September 1847 ; 3. Francis Robert, born 21st January, baptized 18th 



JOHN STIRLING, 1745-1816. Ill 

February 1849 ; 4. Douglas, born 20th October, baptized 23rd November 1851 ; 

5. Helen Jane, born 20th September, baptized 23rd October 1853. 

3. Hon. James, born 2nd October 1821, captain 8th Hussars. 4. Hon. 
Mary, born 30th January 1811 ; married, 4th August 1828, William 
Eamsay Kamsay of Barnton, and has a son, Charles William Kamsay 
Eamsay, bom 22nd February 1844. He succeeded to Barnton on the 
death of his father in 1850. 

10. Mary, born 24th February, and baptized 2nd March 1786, married 
James Eussell of Woodside, 26th April 1808. She died 16th September 
1820. They had five sons and five daughters — 1. David, born 27th May 

1809, colonel of 84th regiment ; 2. John, captain E. N., born 21st May 

1810. He purchased Maulside, parish of Dairy, county of Ayr. Mar- 
ried Katherine, third daughter of William Forbes of Callander; has 
issue — 1. James Brskine, born 4th June 1850 ; 2. William David, born 15th 
September 1853 ; 3. Agnes, born 16th August 1851 ; 4. Mary Jane, born 30th 
July 1852. 

3. Henry, died 25th April 1816 ; 4. James Stirling, born 24th August, 
died 4th April 1838 ; 5. Graham (now Somervell), born 13th January 
1819 ; married on 23rd July 1844, his cousin-german, Henrietta-Jane, 
third daughter of William Stirling of Content, and has four sons and 
two daughters — 1. James, born 19th September 1845; 2. William Somervell 
born 21st February 1850 ; 3. Graham Charles, born 13th July 1854; 4. Henry 
David, born 22nd May 1856; 5. Elizabeth, born 29th September 1847; 

6. Agnes-Mary, born 22nd August 1852, and died 3rd September 1853. 

In 1856, Graham Eussell succeeded to the estate of Hamilton Farm and 
took the name of Somervell, in terms of the settlements of Miss Somervell. 
The daughters of Mary Stirling and James Eussell were — 1. Mary; 2. Eli- 
zabeth ; 3. Catherine ; 4. Ami — all died unmarried. 5. Marion, married 
William, brother of Ludovic Houstoun of Johnstone, and has issue — 1 . George 

Ludovic, born 31st August 1846 ; 2. William-James, born 25th October 1848 ; 

3. Mary-Erstine, born 17th August 1850 ; and 4. Ann-Margaret, born 2nd April 

1852. 

11. Katherine, born 20th June, and baptized 7th July 1791. Married, 
4th June 1811, her cousin-german, James Erskine of Linlathen, brother of 



112 STIRLING OF KIPPENDAVIE. 

the present Thomas Erskine of Linlathen, and had four daughters, who all 
died in infancy. James died at Broadstairs, 26th August 1816. 

12. Elizabeth-Christian, born 24th and baptized 25th September 1794. 
Married, on 11th November 1815, William Milliken Napier of Milliken, 
afterwards Sir William Milliken Napier of Milliken, Bart., and had four sons 
and two daughters — 1. Sir Robert John Milliken, who married in 1850, Anne 
Salisbury Meliora, daughter of John Ladeveze Adlercron, and has had six 
sons and three daughters — 1 and 2. William- John and Theodora-Eliza-Christian, 

twins, born 6th November 1850, and both died the following day; 3 and 4. 
William-John and Robert-James, twins, bora 4th November 1854. William- 
John died 6th November 1854, and Robert- James died 9th January 1855 ; 
5. Archibald Lennox, bom 2nd November 1855 ; 6. Francis, born at Milliken, 
3rd December 1856 ; 7. Anne-Salisbury-Mary-Meliora, bom 30th December 
1851 ; 8. Aymie-Elizabeth-Georgina, bom 30th June 1853. 

2. John Stirling of Merchiston, Kenfrewshire. He married Janet, daughter 
of Andrew Brown of Auchintorlie, and has issue — 1. William, born 16th 
August, baptized 16th October 1850 ; 2. Andrew-John, born 10th Blay, 
baptized 30th June 1854, died 17th June 1855; 3. John Stirling, bom 22nd 
June, baptized 5th August 1856. 

3. William, born 15th September 1821, died 4th February 1841. 4. James, 
born 13th March 1825, died 24th June 1847. 5. Mary Milliken, born 7th 
April 1817, married Kobert Speir of Culdees, and has issue — Robert-Thomas 
Napier, bora 15th October 1841 ; Eliza- Christian Stirling, born 30th March 1840. 

6. Ann Campbell, died 26th June 1843, unmarried. 

13. Jean-Wilhelinina, born 15th July, and baptized 2nd August 1804. 
John Stirling of Kippendavie died at Kippenross on 17th June 1816, aged 

73. A full length portrait of him, seated in his chair, with his youngest 
daughter standing by his side, a very fine work of Sir Henry Kaeburn, hangs 
in the dining-room at Kippenross. In Dunblane Cathedral there is a marble 
tablet with the following inscription — ' Sacred to the Memory of John Stir- 
' ling of Kippendavie, and Patrick Stirling, his eldest son, who, ' with a 
' ' lively hope of an inheritance incorruptible,' departed this life a. d. 1816 ; 
' Patrick at Hastings, 30th March, aged 33 ; John at Kippenross, 17th June, 
' aged 73, and are interred in one grave in the family burying place.' 



PATRICK STIRLING, &C, 1782-1857. 113 

VI. Patrick Stirling Younger of Kippendavie and Kippenross, born 25th 
and baptized 30tli April 1782. 1 He was a captain in the 14th Light Dragoons 
and served in the peninsular war. His father conveyed Kippenross to him in 
1810, on the occasion of his marriage to Catherine-Georgina, third daughter of 
John Weclderburn of Spring-garden Estate, Westmoreland, Jamaica, grandson 
of Sir Alexander Weclderburn of Blackness. Patrick Stirling died at Hastings, 
30th March 1816, about two months and a-half before his father, and was 
buried in the Keir aisle, Dunblane. 2 His children were — 1. John who suc- 
ceeded; 2. Patrick, born 19th August and baptized 15th September 1813. 3 
He inherited Gi-ogar and Blackgrange, near Alloa, on the death, in 1819, of 
his uncle John. He acquired by purchase from Mr. Wardlaw Ramsay the 
estate of Tillicoultry, which was sold by the present Mr. Stirling of Kippen- 
davie to Mr. Anstruther, from whom it has since passed to Robert Balfour 
Wardlaw Ramsay, son of the late proprietor. He died 10th March 1839, in 
consequence of injuries received by a fall at Laurieston Castle, near Edin- 
burgh. He was unmarried. 3. Mary Wedderburn, born 19th November 1814. 
She succeeded to Gi-ogar and Blackgrange as heir to her brother Patrick. She 
married in May 1840, John Davie Morries, M.D. They have one son, John- 
Morries-Morries Stirling, born 12th March 1851. 

VII. John Stirling, now of Kippendavie and Kippenross. He was born 
on the 19th and baptized on the 20th September 1811. He married his 
cousin -german, Catherine -Mary, only child of the Rev. John Wellings, 
and his wife, Mary Weclderburn, second daughter of the said John Wedder- 
burn. They have three sons and one daughter — 

1. Patrick, born at Portobello on 13th November, and baptized 25th 
December 1846. 2. John-Carolus, born at Portobello 14th December 1848, 
and baptized 17th February 1849. 3. William- Robert, born at Portobello 
30th March, and baptized in Dunblane 25th May 1851. 4. Mary -Catherine, 
born at Kippenross on 26th June, and baptized 4th August 1840. 

1 Dunblane Parish Records, and Kippendavie 2 Tablet in Dunblane Cathedral. 

151 Me. 3 Dunblane Parish Records. 



114 



STIRLING OF KIPPENDAVIE. 



Armorial Bearings. 




Shield: Argent, on a bend azure, three buckles or. 

Crest: A Moor's head sable, banded argent, about the temples. 



Motto: Gang Forward. 



III. STIRLING OF ARDOOH, 

IN THE PARISH OP MUTHILL AND COUNTY OF PERTH. 



The first of this Branch, which continued in direct male succession for nearly 
three centuries, was William, second son of Sir John Stryveling of Keir, 
Knight, and Margaret Forrester, his spouse. A descendant of William was 
created a baronet in the reign of Charles II., and that title continued to be 
enjoyed by the family for nearly a century and a half. The title became 
extinct by the failure of male heirs, although the first baronet was the eldest 
of thirty-one children, and one of his brothers lived to the ripe age of 112. 

By charter, dated 10th May 1543, James Stirling of Keir gave to his 
brother-german, William Stirling, and Marion Sinclair his wife, and the chil- 
dren of their marriage, which failing to return to James and his heirs, the 
lands of Grlassingall and Dachlewne, in the barony of Keir. William Stirling 
was thereafter designated of Dachlewne. 

Marion Sinclair, his wife, was the only daughter and heiress of Henry Sin- 
clair of Nether Ardoch and Drimilacothe or Drmnlacok, and Beatrix Chisholm 
his wife, who received an original feu-charter of these lands from William 
Chisholm, Bishop of Dunblane, dated 5th February 1543. Beatrix Chisholm 
also received a charter from her cousin William Chisholm, Bishop of Dun- 
blane, nephew of the former bishop, dated 30th June 1565, of Chapel Land 
and Watersyde, to hold to her in liferent, and to William Striveling of Dal- 
lachlewin and Marion Sinclair his spouse, and then children in fee. 

William Stirling and Marion Sinclair had four sons and three daughters — 

1. Henry, 1 their heir. 

2. James, advocate, portioner of Easter Feddals. He acquired the 
wester half of Easter (now called Middle) Feddals, in the regality of Lin- 
dores and shire of Perth, by contract with Henry White, dated 1st June 
1577. James Stirling witnessed a discharge by Thomas Drummond of Cors- 
kaplie, dated 22nd September 1586. 2 He married Isabel Borthwick, relict of 

1 The Christian names of William and Henry There were fotir named William, and three named 
were favourite names in this family, having heen Henry, 
given to the successive Lairds of Aidoch alternately. 2 At Ardoch. 



11(3 



STIRLING OF ARDOCH. 



Mr. Kobert Crichton of Elliock, Lord Advocate. He died before 31st May 
1614, and was succeeded by Ms eldest son William, who sold Feddals to 
William Stirling, fiar of Ardoch, in 1618. 

3. William, parson or rector of Aberfoyle in 1566 and in 1593. He 
acquired in 1584, from his brother James, the wester half of Easter Feddals. 
He married G-eills Bisset, who died in or before 1566. Mr. William Stirling, 
son and heir of the deceased Mr. William Stirling, parson of Aberfoyle, was 
a party to the sale of the half of Easter Feddals in 1618. William Stirling, 
the rector, died between 11th January 1614 and 21st January 1618. He 
had a daughter, Helen, who married Sir James Obisholm of Croinlix, 1 by 
whom she had two sons and two daughters. 

4. John, who as brother of Henry Stirling of Ardoch, is a witness to a 
sasine of Keir, dated 22nd October 1579, 2 and he is also named as procu- 
rator in another instrument of sasine, dated 22nd May 1613. 3 John is a 
witness to the sale of the half of Wester Feddals to Sir James Cliisholm 
of Cromhx, Knight, dated 9th November 1620. 4 



1 ' In the latter end of the sixteenth century, the 
; Chisholms were proprietors of the estate of Croin- 
: leeks (now possessed by the Drumrnonds). The 
; eldest son of that family was very much attached 
: to a daughter of Stirling of Ardoch, commonly 
1 known by the name of Fair Helen of Ardoch. 
: At that time the opportunities of meeting betwixt 
'■ the sexes were more rare, consequently more 
: sought after than now; and the Scottish ladies, 
• far from priding themselves on extensive litera- 
: ture, were thought sufficiently book-learned if they 
' could make out the Scriptures in their mother- 
' tongue. Writing was entirely out of the line of 
'■ female education. At that period, the most of our 
1 young men of family sought a fortune, or found a 
1 grave in France. Cromlus, when he went abroad 
' to the war, was obliged to leave the management 
; of his correspondence with his mistress to a lay 
■ brother of the monastery of Dumblain, in the im- 
: mediate neighbourhood of Cromleck, and near 
' Ardoch. This man, unfortunately, was deeply 
' sensible of Helen's charms. He artfully prepos- 
' sessed her with stories to the disadvantage of Crom- 
1 lus, and by misinterpreting or keeping up the let- 
' ters and messages intrusted to his care, he entirely 
' irritated both. All connection was broken off be- 
twixt them. Helen was inconsolable, and Cromlus 



' has left behind him, in the ballad called ' Cromlet's 
' * Lilt,' a proof of the elegance of his genius, as 
' well as the steadiness of his love. 

' When the artful monk thought time had suffi- 
' ciently softened Helen's sorrow, he proposed him- 
' self as a lover. Helen was obdurate ; but at last 
' overcome by the persuasions of her brother, with 
' whom she lived, and who having a family of 
( thirty-one children, was probably very well pleased 
' to get her off his hands, she submitted rather than 
' consented to the ceremony. But there her com- 
' pliance ended ; and when forcibly put into bed, 
' she started quite frantic from it, screaming out, 
' that after three gentle taps on the wainscot, at 
' the bed head, she heard Cromlus's voice, crying, 
' ' Helen, Helen, mind me I ' Cromlus soon after 
' coming home, the treachery of the confidant was 
* discovered, her marriage annulled, and Helen be- 
' came Lady Cromlecks.' This account, which was 
furnished by Alexander Fraser Tytler of Wood- 
honselee, has been preserved by Burns the poet, in 
a note to ' Cromlet's Lilt,' in an interleaved volume 
of Johnson's Scots Musical Museum. Fair Helen 
of Ardoch was not a daughter of the laird but of a 
younger son. 

2 Keir Inventory, p. 91 . 

3 Sasine at Garden. i Ardoch Writs. 



HENRY STIRLING, 1573-1628. 117 

The daughters of William Stirling were — 

1. Jean, who was married to James Kinross of Kippenross. 1 

2. Elizabeth, who was married to Thomas Drummond of Corskaplie. They 
granted a renunciation to Henry Stirling of Ardoch, brother of Elizabeth, of 
350 merks, secured on Nether Ardoch, dated 21st May 1586. They had a 
son, John, who was Laird of Corskalpie in 1621. They had also daughters. 2 

3. Beatrix. Beatrix Striveling, sister to Henrie Striveling of Airdoche, is a 
party to a contract of excambion, 2nd April 1574. 3 She was married to William 
Sinclair of Galwaldmuir, the father ' of old Hendry Sinclair.' 4 They renounced 
to Henry Stirling of Ardoch an annualrent of £30 out of Over Ardoch, on 
26th January 1581. 5 

4. . . . Stirling, a daughter, married to Kobert Buchanan of Lennie. 6 
William Stirling died between 30th June 1565 and 16th December 1573. 

II. Henry Stirling of Ardoch, eldest son of William Stirling and Marion 
Sinclair, was originally designated of Dachlewne or Dachlevin. On the resig- 
nation of his mother, he was infeft in Nether Ardoch and Drumlacock in 1573 
and 1579. In 1574, he acquired Over Ardoch from William Keddoch in ex- 
cambion for Drumlacok, and the payment of 500 merks. Henry Stirling had 
a precept of sasine from James Striuling of Keir, Knight, as heir to umquhile 
William Stirling of Ardoch, brother-german of James, and father of Henry, 
in the lands of Glassingall, dated 16th December 1573. 7 Henry Stirling 
received a charter of novodamus from James VI., dated 3rd February 1591, 
after the annexation of church lands to the Crown, of Over and Nether 
Ardoch. 8 He married Helen, daughter of Sir John Haldane of Gleneagles, 
Knight. She died before 12th June 1622. Henry died in February 1628, 
when his son William was retoured to liim in the half lands of Bahalloch.'' 
They had four sons and three daughters. 

1. William, who succeeded. 

1 Genealogy of the Drmnmonds, p. 180. 8 The Roman Camps at Ardoch are perhaps the 

2 Genealogy of the Druminonds, p. 120. most perfect and interesting remains of the kind in 

3 At Ardoch. Scotland. It is foreign to the object of the present 

4 Genealogy of the Drmnmonds, p. 180. -work to give any detailed account of them, nor is 

5 At Ardoch. this necessary, as they are well known to, and have 

6 Buchanan's History of the Buchanans. been frequently described by antiquaries. 
' At Ardoch. ■' Printed Retours, Perth, No. 3G2. 



118 STIRLING OF ARDOCTI. 

2. John, who, with James his brother, witnessed a charter of Ardoch by 
their father, 4th June 1603. John was living in 1656. 

3. James, witness to charter of Ardoch, 4th June 1603. 1 

4. George. He witnessed a resignation of Ardoch by his father, 9th 
December 1616. George Striveling, ' sone lawfull to the Gudeman of Ardoche,' 
witnessed a bond by James Stewart, dated 11th June 1622. 2 He gave up 
the inventory of the estate of Sir Archibald Stirling of Keir in May 1630, 
for his brother, William Stirling of Ardoch. 3 George died between 20th 
September 1652 and 10th October 1655. He was succeeded by his nephew, 
Henry Stirling of Ardoch, who renounced the succession. 

1. Jean : She was contracted in marriage February 3, 1611, to George 
Lundie, senior, of Gorthie.* 

2. Elspeth, married to Williani, third son of Laurence Oliphant of Condie. 5 

3. Helen, who was wife of Laurence Graham of Callendar in 1615. 5 

III. William Stirling of Ardoch: He married Margaret, daughter of 
James Murray, fiar of Strowan, commonly called one of the seventeen sons of 
Tullibardine. Then- contract of marriage is dated 14th and 15th May 1602. 
In implement of that contract, Henry Stirling of Ardoch granted a charter 
on 4th June 1603, to William, of Over and Nether Ardoch. Wilham Stirling 
in 1621, sold Glassingall, which was part of his grandfather's patrimony, to 
Archibald Stirling of Kippendavy. He was retoured heir to his father in 
1628 as already stated, from which it appears that his father died iu Feb- 
ruary that year. William conveyed Ardoch to Henry, his son, iu 1635. 
William, and Margaret his wife, had thirty-one children, 6 but of this large 
family the only names which have been ascertained are the following, viz. — 

1. Henry, who succeeded. 

1 At Ardoch. the lady; who answered, Yes, 'please your Majesty, 

2 Gartmore Writs. ' I just want your Majesty's help to make out the 

3 Hamilton and Campsie Commissariot Register. < twa chalder.' [Family tradition.] ' Margaret 

4 Ardoch Writs. < Murray, mother to these thirty-one children, was 

5 Perth Sheriff Court Records. < daughter to Murray of Strowan, one of the seven- 

6 This is stated on the authority of a well known < t eeu sons of Tullybardine, and whose youngest 
anecdote of James VI. and little Meg Murray. The < son> commonly called the Tutor of Ardoch, died 
king having been on a visit to Ardoch, was struck < m the year 1715, aged 111 years.' [Note by 
witli the large family, and expressed his surprise to Robert Burns to Cromlet's Lilt.] 



SIR HENRY STIRLING, FIRST BARONET, 1635-1669. 119 

2. John : John and George Stirrings, sons of William Stirling of Ardoch, 
witnessed a disposition by him and Margaret Murray, his wife, to Henry 
Stirling, their son, dated 25th September and 10th October 1635. John and 
one of his brothers were captains in a Scots regiment in 1646. He was living 
in 1656. On the 13th September of that year, he writes from ' Gnenoye' to 
his brother Henry, that ' we ar always remembring your good healthe, and 
' the healthe of all our freinds in good rid clarit.' 

3. Eobert. He was guardian to the second and third baronets. On 23rd 
June 1669, he was served nearest agnate to his nephew Sir William, 1 and 
he managed the estate till 1683. Eobert also gave up the inventory of Sir 
Henry's personal estate to the Commissary of Dunblane, on 17th February 
1670. Eobert lived to the year 1716, and died aged 112. He is still remem- 
bered by the designation of ' Tutor of Ardoch.' 

4. William, who was living 9th August 1649. 

5. George, mentioned above. He was living 16th December 1650. 

6. Margaret, wife of Mr. James Eow, minister at Muthill in 1633-35. He 
wrote the 'Pockmanky' Sermon. 

7. A daughter, married to Dr. John Paton, living in Stirling 1657-9. 
William Stirling died between 18th April 1651 and 6th July 1652. 

IV. Sir Henry Stirling, first Knight Baronet of Ardoch. His father, as 
already stated, conveyed Ardoch to him in 1 635. Henry Stirling had a permit 
from General Monck, dated at Edinburgh 8th July 1656, to pass 
with his servants, &c, to Ardoch or elsewhere in quarters, and to 
repass, and to keep a fowling-piece for Iris game. He was created 
a baronet by patent, dated 2nd May 1666, containing a limitation 
of the dignity to the heirs-male of his body. 2 Sir Henry married 
Isobel, daughter of Sir John Haldane of Gleneagles, and had by her, who 
survived him, two sons. 3 1. William, who succeeded him ; and 2. James, who 
died young. 4 Sir Henry died in February 1669, as appears from the confir- 
mation of his will. 

1 Inquisitiones de Tutela, No. 944. 4 There is at Ardoch a portrait of Sir William 

2 Original Patent at Ardoch. in armour ; and another portrait, also in armour, 

3 He had also a natural son, George, and a perhaps of his brother James, marked — Born May 
natural daughter, Grizel. 19, 16G8, died July 19, 1G93. 




120 STIRLING OF ARDOCH. 

V. Sir William Stirling, second Knight Baronet of Ardoch. He was 
retoured heir of his father, Sir Henry, in Ardoch, on 10th March 1670, 1 
and he was infeffc 27th March 1671, on a precept from Kobert, Bishop of 
Dunblane. In 1693, Sir William purchased Easter Gask from John, Earl 
of Tullibardine. He married, 1st, contract dated 22nd January 1685, Mary, 
eldest daughter of Sir Charles Erskine of Alva, Baronet. 2ndly, contract dated 
24th May 1699, Janet, daughter of John Murray of Touchadam, who survived 
Sir William, and married, 2ndly, December 3, 1702, Kobert, second son of Sir 
Robert Murray of Abercairney. Sir William's children were all by his first 
marriage, viz. — 1. Henry, who succeeded. 2. James, living in 1694; and 
three daughters — 1. Isabel, married to Patrick Linton of Pendriech. She 
died in 1761, without issue. 2. Christian, married to Captain John Stirling 
of Bellewill, Auchyll, and Herbertshire. Mrs. Stirling was a lady of great 
worth, and is still favourably remembered by the Ardoch family. She died on 
16th September 1763. 3. Catherine, who married James Graham of Braco 
and Gorthie. He died in 1736. They had three sons and three daughters. 
The eldest son was General David Graham of Braco and Gorthie. One of the 
daughters, Mary Graham, was married to Mr. Smythe of Methven. 2 Another 
daughter, Margaret, married Masterton of Gogar, and her son eventually be- 
came laird of Braco. On 15th February 1694, Sir William executed a bond 
of provision in favour of his younger children, on the narrative, ' that it hath 
' pleased God to blesse me with several! hopefull children besydes my eldest 
' sone and appeirand air.' These younger children were James, Isabel, Chris- 
tian, and Catherine. 

Sir William died in February 1702, and was succeeded by his only sur- 
viving son — 

VI. Sir Henry Stirling, thud Knight Baronet of Ardoch. He was 
born 28th January 1688. By disposition, dated 19th May 1698, his father 
Sir Williani conveyed Ardoch to him, in which he was infeft on 13th June 
following. He was in minority at his father's death in 1702. He was 
admitted advocate on November 29, 1710, and married, at St. Petersburg, 

1 Printed Retours, Perth, No. 804. 2 Methven Family Bible. 



SIR HENRY STIRLING, THIRD BARONET, 16S8-1753. 121 

21st December 1726, Anna, daughter of Admiral Thomas Gordon, governor 
of Cronstadt, and Ann his wife, daughter of Sir Thomas Elphinstone of 
Cadderhall. 1 After his marriage he resided almost constantly at St. Pe- 
tersburg, till the death of his father-in-law in 1741. Sir Henry died on 
24th October 1753. 3 His widow survived till 23rd September 1775. They 
had five sons and three daughters — • 

1 . and 2. William and Thomas, fourth and fifth Baronets. 

3. Charles, born 8th October 1742. He was a planter in Jamaica, and 
proprietor of Ardoch Penn in that island, ' which is a pleasant romantic 
' spot, and a very good house. It is very high up in the mountains, and 
' from the situation the house stands upon, he enjoys for the most part 
' fine agreeable breezes.' 3 On 14th November 1781, he was confirmed one of 
the executors of Archibald Stirling of Keir.* He died 19th January 1795. 
The Scots Magazine for March 1795, contains the following notice of his 
death — ■ ' Lately at Kingston, Charles Stirling, Esq., youngest son of the late 
' Sir Henry Stirling of Ardoch, Baronet.' 3 

4. Henry, born 25th March 1733; died 19th November 1749. 

5. James, born 14th February, and died 3rd March 1735. 

6. John, youngest son, born 19th June ; died November 19, 1738. 

7. Mary, eldest daughter, born at Cronstadt 1728. The Duke of Livia 
was her godfather. Marshall Keith was godfather to one of her sisters. She 



1 Sir Henry's sister Christian, had previously pro- Admiral Gordon was a native of Abei'deen, where 

posed another lady for him, in a letter addressed to he inherited some house property. [Ardoch Writs.] 

him at St. Petersburg, without date, but from in- On 23rd September 1658, Doctor Thomas Gordon 

ternal evidence it may be assumed as written in 1721: and Jean Hay had a son, baptized Thomas. Thomas 

— ' I've bespoke for you a mother's only daughter Gordon, elder and younger, were two of the wit- 

' of as good relations as in Scotland, bred with nice nesses, and Thomas Mitchell was godfather. [Ee- 

■ cleanness, yet can cook your dinner, order your gister of Baptisms in Aberdeen]. The baptism was 

' gardens, orchard, and nurseries ; in short, under- probably that of Admiral Gordon. 

' stands every thing from the highest quality to the 2 Scot's Magazine, xv. 580. 

* meanest housewife — has a good stock of sense — a 3 Letter from Archibald Stirling, to his father 

' most agreeable woman — a portion suitable to her William Stirling of Keir, dated Montego Bay, 

' quality, and will get a good share of a mother's 21st May 1789. (At Keir). 

' blessing, who has abundance to give: If all this i Testament at Keir. 

' tempt you not, you're certainly froze or worse.' 5 Scots Magazine, lvii. 206. He left three natural 

Sir Henry may have been previously melted by sons — 1. Charles, born 29th May 1791; 2. Thomas, 

his Russian love, as his marriage to her took place born 6th October 1792 ; 3. William, born June 

within three years afterwards. 1794. 

Q 



122 STIRLING OF ARDOCH. 

married at Ardocb, on lltli August 1760, James Campbell of Monzie, 1 

without issue. She died 15th December 1801. 

8. Anu married, 6th February 1760, William Graham of Airth. 2 He died 

12th November 1790. They had seven sons and seven daughters — 

1. James, who succeeded his father in Airth, and died on 13th March 
1805, when he was succeeded by his brother Thomas ; 2. Henry, died 
15th October 1787 ; 3. William, died young ; 4. Thomas, who suc- 
ceeded his eldest brother in Airth ; 5. John, died young in 1775 ; 6. 
and 7. Charles and Bruce, both died young ; 8. Ann, married, 29th 
April 1781, David, second son of John Erskine of Carnock, and died 
10th March 1836 ; 9. Mary, married John Stirling of Kippendavie, 
as shown in the account of that family ; 10. Elizabeth (twin with 
Christian), married, on 16th October 1794, James Dundas of Ochter- 
tyre, C. S., second son of Ralph Dundas of Manor, and had issue, six 
sons and five daughters ; 11. Christian, twin with Elizabeth ; 12. Jean, 
died unmarried, 22nd November 1850 ; 13. Wilhelmina, married Day 
Hort Macdowall of Castle Semple ; 14. Seton, died unmarried, 27th 
November 1791. 

Thomas Graham, fourth son of William Graham of Airth and Anne 
Stirling, was born on 1st March 1768. He succeeded his eldest brother 
in Airth, and he also succeeded his maternal uncle, Sir Thomas Stirling, 
Baronet, in the estate of Strowan. In compliance with that gentle- 
man's will, he assumed the additional sirname and arms of Stirling. 
He married, 9th February 1807, Caroline-Mary, only daughter of 
Major James Home of the Blackadder family, and had issue — 

1. William Graham, now of Airth. 

2. Thomas-James Graham Stirling of Strowan, born 11th June 
1811, and succeeded to Strowan, as provided by his granduncle, 
General Sir Thomas Stirling, Baronet. He married, 4th July 
1844, Mary, eldest daughter of William, second son of the late 
John Stirling of Kippendavie, who died in December 1847, 
without issue. 

1 Scots Magazine, xxii. 387. '' Ibid. xxii. 105. 



SIR WILLIAM STIRLING, FOURTH BARONET, 1729-1808. 123 

3. Carolus-James-Honie Graham, born 24th May 1812. 

4. Mary-Margaret, died unmarried, 14th March 1827. 

9. Isabella, married on 15th June 1762 to John Hamilton of Bellfield, 
merchant in Edinburgh, fifth son of William Hamilton of Wishaw, 1 and 
had issue. She died in November 1801. 

VII. l. Sir William Stirling, fourth Knight Baronet of Ardoch, was 
born in Bnssia before the 22nd December 1729. He came to England 
with his brother Thomas in 1737, and was a lieutenant in General Halket's 
Begiment in the Dutch Service, in 1749 and 1752. He was served heir to his 
father on 9th July 1755. In the entail of Keir made by Archibald Stirling, 
Sir William is called immediately after the Stirlings of Kippendavie. He 
married at Keir, on 17th April 1762, Christian, only daughter of John Erskine 
of Carnock, advocate, 2 and she died in February 1788. Sir William died at 
Venlaw, 26th July 1799. 3 They had five daughters. 

1. Anne, heiress of Ardoch. 

2. Christian, born September 10, 1762, married at Ardoch on 24th Decem- 
ber 1784, to George Dundas of Dundas,* who was shipwrecked off the island 
of Madagascar, on 20th August 1792. They had one son and three daugh- 
ters. Christian died 14th September 1832. 

3. Mary, born March 1, 1764, married at Ardoch on 10th June 1790, to 
Ebenezer Oliphant of Condie. 5 She died in 1845, leaving issue. 

4. Margaret, born May 21, 1765, married, 1st, at Edinburgh in October 
1790, to Andrew Stuart of Torrance, W. S., author of the History of the 
Stewarts, 6 &c ; and had issue one son and three daughters — 

1. Christian. 

2. Anne. 

3. Elizabeth-Charlotte, married Bobert, fourth son of Sir John-Edward 
Harington of Bidlington, Baronet, and has issue a son, Bobert- 
Edward, and a daughter, Susan ; and 2nclly, in 1804, to Sir Wil- 

1 Scots Magazine, xxiv. 339. 2 Ibid. xx. 222. 4 Muthill Records, and Scots Magazine, xlvi. 

3 Scots Magazine, lx. 576. During Sir William's G62. 

time, there were also living three other baronets of 5 Scots Magazine, lii. 309. 

the name of Stirling: 1. Sir John of Glorat; 2. Sir 6 The said History, p. 378, and Scots Magazine, 

James of Mansfield; and 3. Sir Walter of Faskine. lii. 516. 



124 STIRLING OF ARDOCH. 

liam Johnstone Pulteney, Baronet, without issue. She died Novem- 
ber 1, 1849. 

5. Magdalene, born July 29, 1766. Died unmarried in November 1846. 

Sir William was succeeded in the baronetcy by his younger brother, 

VII. 2. Sir Thomas Stirling, second son of Sir Henry (No. VI.) On 
the death of his brother Sir William, without male issue, he became the 
fifth Knight Baronet. He entered the army in 1747, and rose to the rank 
of a General in 1780. He was successively Colonel of the 42nd and 71st 
Kegiments, and saw much service in America. He purchased the estate 
of Strowan, and left it to his grand-nephew Thomas, second son of Thomas 
Graham of Airth, who is now Thomas James Graham Stirling of Strowan. 
Sir Thomas died unmarried on 9th May 1808, when the baronetcy became 
extinct, through failure of the heirs-male of the body of Sir Henry, the first 
baronet. 

All the three brothers, Sir William, Thomas, and Charles, are called, in 
the Keir entail of 1771, in their order after the Stirlings of Kippendavie. 
The next substitution after the above Charles Stirling, is to the ' nearest 
' heirs whomsoever of the heir-male last deceasing, infeft in and possessing 
' the said lands and estate.' From this it may be assumed, that there did 
not exist in 1771 any other male member of the Ardoch family known 
to the entailer. Sir Thomas never inherited the estate of Ardoch, which 
descended, on the death of his eldest brother, Sir William, to his eldest 
daughter, who was, 

VIII. Anne Stirling, eldest daughter of Sir William the fourth Baronet. 
She was born July 5, 1761, and served heir to her father in Ardoch on 20th 
November 1799. She was married, on 14th March 1778, to Captain, after- 
wards Colonel Charles Moray of Abercairny. 1 Anne died on May 22, 1820. 
They had three sons and two daughters — 

1. James Moray of Abercairny, born at Clackmannan on 18 th October 
1780, who was a magistrate and deputy lieutenant for Perthshire, and 
lieutenant-colonel of West Perthshire Local Militia. He succeeded his 

1 Scots Magazine, xl. 166. 



CHRISTIAN STIRLING, &C, 1779-1857. 125 

father on 13th October 1810. He married, 1st, on 29th April 1806, Eliza- 
beth, third daughter of General Sir William Erskine of Torrie, Baronet ; 
2ndly, on 13th October 1837, Mary, youngest daughter of Joseph Thomas 
of Streplands Bush, Hants. He died on 20th December 1840, without 
issue. 

2. William Moray Stirling of Abercairny and Ardoch. He was a major 
in the army, and was present at Waterloo. He succeeded his mother in 
Ardoch in 1820, and his brother in Abercairny in 1840. He disentailed 
Abercairny. He married, on 18th October 1826, the Honourable Frances- 
Elizabeth, third daughter of Archibald first Lord Douglas. She died at 
Granton on 14th September 1854. Her husband predeceased her on 9th 
November 1850, without issue, and was succeeded in both estates by his 
eldest sister. 

3. Charles, born on 22nd November 1791, Captain in the 13th Light 
Dragoons. He died at Ardoch on 21st March 1820, unmarried. 

4. Christian, who succeeded to Abercairny and Ardoch. 

2. Margaret died unmarried at Sundrum in Ayrshire, January 3, 1834. 

IX. Christian Stirling. She was born at Clackmannan on 24th 
November 1779. On the death of her brother William in 1850, she suc- 
ceeded to Abercairny and Ardoch. She married, on 14th April 1812, 
Henry Home Drummond, of Blair Drummond, and has two sons and a 
daughter — 

1. George Home Drummond. 

2. Charles Home Drummond, fiar of Abercairny, born 17th April 1816. 
He married, in December 11, 1845, Lady Aime-Georgina Douglas, eighth 
daughter of Charles, fifth Marquis of Queensberry, and has issue. 

3. Anne, married in 1839 to George, sixth Duke of Atholl, and has issue, 
John, Marquess of Tullibardine, born in 1840. 

X. George Home Drummond, younger of Blair Drummond and Ardoch, 
born March 1, 1813. He married, on August 11, 1840, Mary, daughter of 
William Hay of Dunse Castle, who died on April 4, 1855, without issue. 
To this Gentleman the Editor is indebted for much of the present account 



126 



STIRLING OF ARDOCH. 



of the Ardock family, the history and descent of which Mr. Drummond has 
investigated with great precision and skill. 



Armorial Bearings. 




Shield: Quarterly, 1st and 4th argent on a Bend engrailed sable three 
Buckles or; 2nd and 3rd, on a field of the first, a cross engrailed azure. 
Crest: A Moor's head in profile. 



Motto: Gang Forward. 



IV. STIRLING OF CBAIGBAENABD, NOW CBAIGBABNET, 
IN THE PAEISH OF CAMPSIE AND COUNTY OF STIRLING. 



The Stirling's of Craigbarnard are believed to be an early branch of the 
house of Cawder. This connection is very probable, both from the relative 
positions of the two properties, and from the circumstance that members of 
the Craigbarnard family recognized the Stirrings of Keir as their chief, but 
no evidence has been found of the exact relationship of the first Stirling 
of Craigbarnard to the House of Cawder. 

Sir John Striveling of Craigbarnard was a person of distinction, having been 
comptroller of the household to King James IV., whose confidence he enjoyed, 
and by whom he was knighted. The family continued in direct male descent 
for nearly four centuries. It is now represented by a gallant officer, who is 
descended from the Stirling's of Craigbarnard in the female fine, and who, in 
the male fine, is a descendant from, if not at present the male representative 
of, a still more distinguished race — -the Grahams, Earls of Monteith and Airth. 

The first Stirling of Craigbarnard, 1 whose existence is proved by legal 
evidence, is — 

I. John Striveling of Craigbarnard, who is a witness to a deed in 1468. 2 
He resigned, in 1486, Craigbernard, Balgrothqueries, Korfatrik, Leythhedis 
and Balglas, in favour of John Striueling, his eldest son, reserving his own 
liferent. On 29th May 1487, he was one of the inquest on the service of 
William Stirling, as heir of Sir William Stirling, his father, in the lands 
of Letter. 3 John Striueling is said to have married a daughter of Gal- 
braith of Kilcreuch. He died after 26th July 1497, and was succeeded by 

1 Betliam, in his Baronage, states, that Duncan 'Alicia de Erth, Domina de Cragbernard' and 

Stirling was the first laird of Craigbarnard in 1400, spouse of Gilbert of Buchanane, granted a charter 

but without quoting any authority. This Duncan at Mwcdoc, dated 13th February 1400. [Montrose 

may have been the same person as the Duncan de Writs.] 

Striueling who was one of the inquest at the service of 2 Statistical Account of Campsie Parish, 1845, 

Haldaneof Glencagles inl4'25. Supra, p. 17, note 1. p. 240. 3 No. 50, p. 258. 



128 STIRLING OF CEAIGBARNET. 

II. Sir John Striueling of Craigharnard, who is also one of the inquest 
on the service in 1487. In the retour, he is called John Striveling, junior, 
son and heir-apparent of John Striveling of Craigharnard. On his father's 
resignation, he received from James III., on 29th May 1486, a charter of 
Craigbernard, Balgrothquheris, Korfatrik, Leythhedis and Balglas. In that 
charter he is called by the King his familiar squire. 1 On 26th July 1497, 
John Striveling, the son of John Striveling of Craigharnard, and steward of 
the King, obtained a grant of the keeping of Dumbarton Castle for nineteen 
years, with the same emoluments as Kobert Limdie of Balgonie had pre- 
viously. 2 In an indenture, dated 1st May 1502, this John Stirling is called 
' Comptrollar to our Souerane Lord.' 3 James IV. appears to have honoured 
Sir John with a visit at Craigharnard, in the year 1507, as in the accounts 
of the Lord High Treasurer, under the date of 9th February of that year, 
there is the following entry — ' Item, that nycht in Craigharnard to the 
' King to play at the cart is, xxiiii s ." On the occasion of this visit, the King 
held a court, and the place is still called the Conrthill. On 22nd December 
1504, Ceorge Campbell, son and apparent heir to George Campbell of Ces- 
nock, granted a discharge to John Striueling of Craigbernard, Knight, of war- 
randice of the lands of Quhitleys, in the bailiary of Cuninghame, which had 
been disponed by him to the said George Campbell, younger, and Jonet Mont- 
gmnry his spouse. 4 He obtained the lands of Glorat by charter, from Matthew 
Earl of Lennox, dated 27th May 1508, 5 and which was confirmed by James IV. 
by charter, dated the 31st of the same month, in which he is called the King's 
familiar knight. On 6th June 1508, John Striueling of Craigharnard, Knight, 
granted an annualrent of twelve merks and ten shillings, from his lands of 
Craigharnard and Glorat, to a chaplain, to say mass in the chmch of Campsie 
and in a chapel founded in his place of Craigharnard, for the souls of John, 
Ids wife, and many others specified in the grant. The chaplain was not to 
be allowed to keep a concubine in Ins house, under pain of deprivation of his 
office. 6 Sir John Striveling married Margaret Abernethy, eldest daughter of 
James, third Lord Abernethy of Saltoun, by whom he had three sons — 

1 No. 54, p. 254. 3 No. 69, p. 275. 

2 MS. Adv. Lib., Jac. V. 4, 29, p. 13, as quoted 4 No. 73, p. 280. 

in Clialmer's Caledonia, iii. 878. 5 No. 79, p. 285. « No. 80, p. 28G. 



GEORGE STRIUELING, 1510-1520. . 129 

1. George, who succeeded. 

2. William, first of Glorat, who, with his descendants, is stated under the 
G-lorat Branch. 

3. Walter, first of Ballagan, who, with his descendants, is stated under the 
Ballagan Branch. 

Sir John died before 3rd August 1510, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

III. George Striueling of Craigbarnard. George Striueling, son of John 
Striuehng of Craigbernard, and Elizabeth Park, spouse of George, granted 
warrant for resigning Kikvynnet, with the miln, in the hands of Matthew, 
Earl of Lennox, the superior, at Edinburgh, on 16th March 1502. 1 Two 
days thereafter, the Earl granted a charter to George of these lands, to hold 
to him and his heirs-male ; whom failing, to William Striueling, his brother- 
german, and his heirs-male ; whom failing, to the nearest heirs of their father 
John. 2 He received from Matthew Earl of Lennox, on 3rd August 1510, a 
precept of sasine, as heir to his father, in Craigbernard 
and Kilwynnet, on which he was infeft on the 21st of 
the same month. He was, as shown above, married be- 
fore 16th March 1502, to Elizabeth Park, by whom he 
had seven sons and one daughter — 

1. John, who succeeded. 

2. James, who is witness to a charter by Sir James Stirling of Keir, dated 
11th August 1566. 3 ' James Striuelyng, sometime in Bangour, father brother 
to John Striueling, elder of Craigbernard,' granted a discharge to this John, 
dated 13th December 1593. 4 

3. William, who is a witness, under the designation of William Striveling, 
brother-german to John Striveling of Craigbarnard, to a charter by John 
Stirling of Glorat, dated 17th November 1572. 5 

4. Duncan ; 5. William ; 6. Walter. These three brothers are mentioned 
as brothers-german to the ' Ardd Lard' of Craigbarnard in 1565. 

7. David is mentioned in a discharge by Margaret Sterweling, spouse of 
Andrew Symple, as her deceased brother, dated last November 1565. 6 In 
the indorsation of this discharge, Andrew Symple is called ' of Bryntschelhs.' 

1 No. 70, p. 270. 2 Glorat Writs. 3 Keir Inventory, p. 82. i At Glorat. ' Ibid. « Bardowie Writs. 

R 




130 STIRLING OF CRAIGBARNET. 

8. Margaret, who, with consent of her said husband, granted the said dis- 
charge to John Sterweling of Cragbernerd, her ' derrest brothir/ for £20 Scots, 
in payment of her ' contract of marriage.' She mentions ' Robert Foster my 
1 brothir :' He was probably her brother-in-law. 

George Striuehng died between 10th February and 12th April 1520, and 
was succeeded by his eldest son — 

IV. John Striueling of Craigbarnard. John, Earl of Levenax, granted a 
precept on 18th April 1520, for infefting John as heir of George his father, in 
Craigbernard and Kylwynnet. John Striueling witnessed a charter by William 
Stirling of Glorat on 5th June 1522. 1 He infeft John Lennox, as heir of John 
Lennox of Woodheid, his father, in Culhadrik, in the earldom of Lennox, on 
6th November 1546, in presence of Thomas Striueling of Boglass and Walter 
Striuehng, son of John Striuehng of Craigbarnet. 2 In March 1565, Johne 
Striuling of Craigbernard, John his son and apparent heir, Duncane, Williame, 
and Walter, brothers-germau to the Auld Laird, Williame, bastard brother 
to the Young Laird, and nineteen others, were delatit of the invasion of 
James Kyncaid, son and apparent heir to James Kyncaid of that ilk, and 
Malcolm Kyncaid his brother. 3 From a subsequent entry in the same record, 
it appears that the Kincaids had previously slain Luke Striueling of Bal- 
dorane, who left a widow and ' ten faderles bairnis.' 4 John Striueling of 
Craigbarnet is mentioned in the said charter, dated 11th August 1566, to 
which his brother James is a witness. He resigned Craigbarnard and Ms 
other lands in favour of his eldest son John, who had a charter of the same 
from Robert Earl of Lennox, on 12th June 1579. John Striueling married 
Eufame Logane, probably a daughter of John Logane of Gartconnall, before 
10th February 1520. Of that date, John Striuehng, son and heir-apparent of 
George Striueling of Craigbarnet, and Eufame Logane his spouse, had a pre- 
cept from John, Earl of Lennox, for infefting them in the lands of Quylt and 
Mwkdok-Mechell. They were infeft on the 12th of April following, when 
George Striueling is called deceased. John Striueling had three sons and 
probably one daughter. 

1 Ballagan Charter Cbest. 3 Criminal Trials, i. 459*. 

2 Note of Sasine at Glorat. ' Ibid. i. 354. 



&c, 1570-1640. 131 

1. John, who succeeded. 2. Walter, a witness in 1546. 3. James, mentioned 
in 1580, as above. 

4. Margaret, presumed to have been a daughter of John, from his having 
obtained for her a dispensation for her marriage to David Watson, in June 
1545. l John Striueling, senior, died between 12th June 1579 and 22nd De- 
cember 1580, when he is called ' umquhile,' in a discharge by James his son. 2 

V. John Striueling of Craigbarnard succeeded his father between June 
1579 and December 1580. He obtained a tack of the tenuis of parts of Craig- 
barnard, from Mr. William Erskine, parson and vicar of Campsie, on 26th 
July 1589. 3 John Striueling, elder of Craigbarnard, was named one of the 
executors of Walter Striueling of Ballagan in his will, dated 17th December 
1597, and confirmed in the Edinburgh Commissary Court on 4th July 1599. 
John was married to Margaret Eeid before 24th January 1601, on which date 
they were parties to the contract of marriage between Christian Callendar, 
daughter of Margaret, and John Sempill, younger of Corruth. 4 He had at 
least one son, John, who succeeded him, and a daughter, Jean, who married, 
dated 7th October 1593, 5 Walter Buchanan of Spittal. 

John Stirling appears to have been living on 17th April 1619, as in a 
charter by Sir William Livingston of Kilsyth of that date, his son is called 
John Striueling, fiar of Craigbarnard. 

VI. John Striueling of Craigbarnard. In a writ, dated 7th November 
1581, he is caUed junior of Craigbarnard. He carried the arms of Dame 
Margaret Boss, Lady Keir, at her funeral in 1633. He appears to have mar- 
ried — 1st, Margaret Graham, who died in June 1587 ;° 2dly, contract dated 
1588, Elizabeth or Elspeth, daughter of John Hamilton of Bardowie. John 
Striueling, younger of Craigbarnard, and Elizabeth Hamilton, his spouse, 
had a charter of Craigbarnard and others from Ludovick, Duke of Lennox, 
dated 1591. John Stirling and Margaret Graham had five sons and five 

1 No. 168, p. 3S6. William is mentioned as the 3 Craigbarnard Writs, 
natural brother of John Striueling of Craigbarnet, 4 Gartmore Writs. 

in 1565. 5 Spittal Writs at Leny. 

2 Protocol Book of Walter Watson, N. P., in 6 Testament of Margaret Graham in Edinburgh 
Sheriff Clerk's Office, Dumbarton. Commissary Register, 10th March 1592-3. 



132 STIRLING OF CRAIGBARNET. 

daughters — John, William, Eohert, Alan, Andrew, Agnes, Margaret, Jane, 
Sibilla, Elspeth. These sons and daughters gave up the testament dative of 
Margaret Graham, spouse to John Stirling of Craigbarnet, who died in June 
1587, as her lawful bairns and executors-dative. 1 John Stirling appears to 
have died between 1633 and 1640, and to have been succeeded by Ins son — 

VII. John Stirling of Craigbarnard. He married, contract dated 11th Oc- 
tober 1618, Annabella, daughter of Thomas Ewing of Cukispow. John Stirling 
(VII.) appears to have died before 9th May 1646, and was succeeded by his son — 

VIII. John Stirling of Craigbarnard, who appears to have been born in 
the year 1627, as in a deposition made by him in 1673, he stated his age to 
be ' 46 yeares or thereby.' 2 He had a precept from William Livingston of 
Kilsyth, for infefting him in parts of Craigbarnard as heir to Ms father, John, 
on 9th May 1646. 3 In a charter of adjudication by Oliver Cromwell in favour 
of Sir Mimgo Stirling of Glorat, Knight, dated 27th July 1655, the bailie 
named for giving sasine is John Stirling, only lawful son to the deceased John 
Stirling, sometime of Craigbarnet, and in the instrument of sasine he is similarly 
named and designated. He married, contract dated 31st October and 4th No- 
vember 1656, Mary, youngest daughter of Sir Mungo Stirling of Glorat, Knight. 4 
Her tocher was 5000 merks Scots. They had three sons and a daughter — 

1. Mimgo, who succeeded. 

2. George : ' George Stirling, Writer in Glasgow, brother-german to the 
' Laird of Craigbarnet/ witnessed a bond by the latter, dated 29th April 1708. 5 
George is also mentioned in a letter by Mungo Stirling of Craigbarnet to the 
Laird of Garden, dated 12th December 1712, as ' my brother George.' 6 

3. James, who witnessed a discharge by his father, 18th May 1634. 7 

4. The daughter of John Stirling was married to Mr. Bell, laird of An- 
termome, before 11th February 1702, on which date Mungo Stirling of 
Craigbarnet alludes in a letter to 'my good brother Antermonie.' 8 

1 Edinburgh Testaments, 10th March 1592-3. s Letter at Garden. At Craigbarnet Stables there 

2 Bardowie Writs. are two round stones, each bearing the bend and 

3 Glorat Writs. « Contract at Glorat. three buckles of the Stirlings. One has the initials 
6 At Glorat. ' I. S.' and the figures ' 16,' and the other ' M. S.' 
'' Letter at Garden. " Glorat Writs. ' 62,' apparently for John and Mary Stirling, 1062. 



MUNGO STIRLING, 1697-1733. 133 

John Stirling died between February 1697 and April 1700. Mary Stirling 
survived her husband, John Stirling, and was living in 1719, aged eighty-six 
years. She then states, in a judicial proceeding, ' that after her husband's 
' death, she was entertained by her son, and lived with him, and they agried 
' together till after his marriage.' 1 

IX. Mungo Stirling of Craigbarnet. On 26th February 1702, he entered 
into an agreement of sale of Craigbarnet with Sir Mungo Stirling of Glorat. 
Mungo Stirling of Craigbarnet acquired parts of Glorat by disposition, dated 
1730, from John Stirling of Belwill. 2 Mungo Stirling of Craigbarnet, with 
consent of Marjory Stirling his spouse, sold the Mains of Craigbarnet, &c, 
to John Stirling of Keir in 1731. This purchase was made for the purpose 
of preserving Craigbarnet in the family. Archibald Stirling, brother of John 
of Keir, reconveyed Craigbarnet to James Stirling, son of Mungo, in 1768. 
The disposition by Archibald Stirling, shows how honourably the Keir family 
had acted to their kinsmen of Craigbarnet in this transaction. It bears — 

' And whereas the price paid by the said deceased John Stirling of Keir to the said Mungo Stirling for 
' the said Mains of Craigbarnet, and others hereinafter disponed, amounted to the sum of £14,500 Scots 
' money, which was applied by the said Mungo Stirling in payment and extinction of the debts due by 
' him, and that it always was the resolution and intention of the said John Stirling my brother, although 
' he never came under any promise or obligation to that effect, to restore the said lands and estate to the 
' said Mungo Stirling, in whose family they had formerly remained for many generations, and that so 
' soon as the said Mungo Stirling and his heirs should reimburse him, the said John Stirling, of the fore- 
* said price, loss and expense he should incur through the said purchase, and which purchase was made 
' by the said John Stirling, solely with a view to preserve the estate of Craigbarnet to the said Mungo 
' Stirling, and his heirs, and to save the memory of the family of Craigbarnet from the ruin and extinction 
' with which it was then threatened : And that I being desirous of doing as I would be done by, am most 
' willing and ready to fulfill, in every point, the intentions of my said deceased brother, and that now the 
' said James Stirling of Craigbarnet, only son of the deceased Mungo Stirling of Craigbarnet, having by 
' his industry and application to business, retrieved the affairs of the family, has made payment to me, at 
' the term of Martinmas last, of the sum of £14,500 Scots money,' ' do therefore, and for the regard I have 
' for him the said James Stirling, and for the standing and preservation of the family of Craigbarnet, 
' hereby sell, alienate, and dispone to the said James Stirling of Craigbarnet in liferent, and to John Stir- 
' ling his only son in fee, All and haill the Mains of Craigbarnet, with tower, fortalice,' &c. 3 

Mungo Stirling married Marjory Stirling and had two sons — James, who 
succeeded, and another son, whose name has not been ascertained, but he is 
noticed under the designation of Glorat's ' sister's son,' as being recently dead, 
in a letter from James Stirling the Venetian, 24th June 1712; and a daughter 

1 At Glorat. - Craigbarnet Writs. r - Craigbarnet Writs. 



134 STIRLING OF CRAIGBARNET. 

Mary, married to George Graham in Shannochill, great grandfather of the 
present Major Graham Stirling of Craigbarnet. Mary Stirling died in 1759, 
aged ninety years and upwards. 1 Her husband, George Graham, prede- 
ceased her in 1736, as in a letter from Captain John Stirling of Auchyll to 
Sir Henry Stirling of Ardoch, dated 14th June 1736, he mentions the death 
of ' George Graham in Shannochyle.' 

Mungo Stirling of Craigbarnet died of ' a cold and asthma,' on 7th January 
1733, aged seventy-three years. 3 ' Marjory Stirling, Lady Craigbarnet' also 
died of a ' cold and asthma/ on 18th January 1733, aged sixty-three years. 3 
Mungo was succeeded by his only surviving son, 

X. James Stirling of Craigbarnet. James Stirling, ' only lawful son to 
' the deceased Mungo Stirling, late of Craigbarnett,' had a tack from John 
Stirling of Keir of the Mains of Craigbarnet, dated 20th July 1730. 4 He 
was ' out' in the Kisings of 1715 and 1745. In the latter, he captured 
eleven dragoons, without assistance, after having received many . shots. 
While in concealment for his participation in these events, he occasionally 
deceived those in pursuit of him, by hiding in the plantations of Wood- 
head, opposite to Craigbarnet, dressed as an old woman spinning. Along 
with James Stirling of Keir, he was taken prisoner, and confined in the Castle 
of Dumbarton in May 1746. 5 He married Catherine, daughter of James 

1 Airth Peerage Evidence, p. 59. ' the inhabitants of the nether world, nothing was 

2 Campsie Parish Records. 3 Ibid ' seen, but frequently a warning voice was heard to 

4 Craigbarnet Writs. ' repeat — 

5 ' Old Craigbarnet' usually went by the nick- ' ' Barry, Burry, big your house in a bog, 
name of ' Burry,' from having a burr in his speech. ' ' And you'll never want a fou cog.' 

There is a superstitious tradition regarding the ' The Laird listened to the admonition, and built 

building of the old House of Craigbarnet by this ' the old Castle of Craigbarnet as low in the bog 

James Stirling. ' He proposed to erect a new house 'as possible, which was finished without further 

' on the banks of Finglen, midway between Glen- ' molestation from his invisible councillors.' [The 

' mill and Baillie, where was said to be an opening Scotsman's Library, pp. 714-15.] 

' which led under ground to Keirhill, an artificial On one occasion, after dining at Keir, and pass- 

' mound or sepulchral tumulus. It was this ancient ing the same night to Garden, ' Burry' came to a 

' mound the Lord of Craigbarnet had fixed upon ; new toll at the Ford of Frew over the Forth. Dis- 

' when the progress of the building, as soon as com- daining to pay the imposition of toll for his horse, 

' menced, was interrupted by the little fairy elves, he spurred the animal into the river, -Mid swam 

' who instigated by their wicked propensity to mis- across with difficulty and danger. He arrived at 

chief, issued from their subterraneous abode, and Garden in a very drenched state, and the late 

' demolished in the night what had been built Mr. Stirling of Garden remembered him sitting in 

' during the day. With this unequal warfare with the dining room there very wet and uncomfortable. 



JOHN STIRLING, &c, 1775-1852. 135 

Monteith of Auldcathy, by whom he had one son, John, and a daughter, 
Charlotte, married to James Gartshore of Alderston, by whom she had four 
sons — (1.) James, who died in France unmarried. (2.) John, who died 
unmarried ; (3.) Alexander, who succeeded to Craigbarnet (XII.) ; (4.) Max- 
well, who died in the West Indies, unmarried; (5.) a daughter, who also 
died unmarried. 1 

James Stirling of Craigbarnet died after 17th February 1774, and was 
succeeded by his only lawful son — 

XI. John Stirling of Craigbarnet. He executed, on 14th March 1799, 
an entail of Craigbarnet, in which, after the heirs of his own body, he called 
to the succession the heirs of the body of his younger sister, Charlotte Stir- 
ling, and James Grartshore of Alderston, her husband, whom failing, the 
hens of the body of John Graham, second son of Kobert Graham Burden of 
Feddel. Under this substitution, Charles Campbell Graham, only son of John 
Graham, has succeeded to Craigbarnet. John Stirling married Anne, 
daughter of Sir Patrick Murray of Balrnanno, Baronet. He died before 
28th May 1805, without lawful issue, and was succeeded by his nephew — 

XII. Alexander Gartshore Stirling of Craigbarnet, who was the third 
son of James Gartshore and Charlotte Stirling, as before shown. He was born 
on 21st January 1773, and became a lieutenant in the navy. On his succession 
to Craigbarnet in 1805, he assumed the additional siunarne of Stirling. He 
married (proclamation of banns made on 23rd February 1806 2 ) Ann, only 
daughter of James Millar, Glasgow. 3 He died of disease of the heart, on 
21st April 1852, aged seventy-nine years, without issue, and was succeeded by — 

1 James Stirling had a natural son James, who 2. Alexander Home, teller in the Royal Bank ; 

enlisted as a private into the 42nd Regiment, on 3. Gartshore Stirling Home, captain 5th Fusiliers ; 

the occasion of a dispute with his father. Shortly 4. Jane Home, married Major Bell, and has two 

afterwards a commission was purchased for him. sons ; 5. Christina, married to Captain Elphinston, 

He rose to the rank of a general, and commanded East India Company's Service. James Stirling and 

the 42nd Regiment at Alexandria. He married Jean Fisher had a son baptized James on 21st 

Jean Fisher. They had a daughter, horn at Craig- October 1792 (Campsie Records), who died im- 

barnet on 17th, and baptized Joan on 20th May married, and is buried at Musselburgh, where his 

1785. (Campsie Records). She married Captain father, General Stirling, is also buried. 
John Home, and has issue, three sons and two 2 Campsie Parish Records, 

daughters — i. James Stirling Home, in Australia; 3 This amiable ladv still survives her husband. 



136 



STIRLING OF CRAIGBARNET. 



XIII. Charles Campbell Graham Stirling, now of Craigbarnet. 1 He 
is the only son of the deceased John Graham, who was second son of Kobert 
Graham Burden of Feddel, whose grandmother was Mary Stirling, as before 
stated. Mr. Graham Stirling is a major in the army, and captain in the 
42nd Highlanders, with which regiment he served with distinction in the 
Crimean war, and he commanded it at the final assault on Sebastopol, in 
September 1853. On his return to Craigbarnet in 1856, he received a cordial 
welcome from all classes of the people of Lennoxtown and Campsie. He 
married, at Ballagan House, on the 2nd December 1856, Elizabeth Agnes, 
elder daughter of the late Kobert Dunmore Napier of Ballikinrain. 

1 Besides this Mr. Graham Stirling, there are other three families of the same sirnames — Mr. Graham Stir- 
ling of Strowan, Mr. Graham Stirling of Auchyll, and Mr. Graham Stirling of Duntroon and Pittendreich. 

&rmortaI Bearings. 




Shield: Argent on a bend engrailed azure, between a rose in chief, and a boar's 
bead cabossed in base, gules, three buckles or. 

Crest: A demi-angel couped, ensigned on the head with a cross proper. 
Motto: Semper fidelis. 



V. STIRLING OF GLORAT, 

IN THE PARISH OF CAJIPSIE AND COUNTY OF STIRLING. 



This Branch was established by Sir John Striveling of Craigbarnard, Knight, 
who was comptroller to King James IV. Having acquired the lands of 
Glorat in 1508, he settled them on his second son William. This William, 
and his son and successor George, acquired some historical importance from 
then- connection with the Earls of Lennox and the Castle of Dumbarton, of 
which both father and son were successively keepers. WilUam, the father, 
lost his life, when engaged in the special service of King James V., while 
George the son heroically defended the castle on two memorable occasions. 
In tracing the descent of the family during the three centuries and a half 
for which it has existed, it will be seen, that these were not the only instances 
of their coinage and loyalty. During the civil wars, Sir Mungo Stirling, 
and his son, afterwards Sir George, suffered much for then- adherence to the 
royal cause, on account of which Charles II., after his restoration, rewarded 
the latter with a Baronetcy, which is still enjoyed by his representative, 
Sir Samuel Stirling. 

I. Sir John Striveling, Knight of Craigbarnard and Glorat, comptroller 
to King James IV., acquired the lands of Glorat from Matthew, Earl of Len- 
nox, in May 1508. The Earl had himself acquired them in the previous 
year, from James Fleming of Bord, David Somerville of Plane, and other 
persons. The second son of the comptroller and Margaret Abernethy, his 
wife, was — 

II. William Striveling of Glorat. Matthew, Earl of Lennox, granted a 
charter, on 10th October 1508, to William Striuelyng, son of his cousin John 
Striuelyng of Craigbernard, Knight, of the lands of Glorat, which had been 

s 



138 STIRLING OF GLORAT. 

resigned by John in favour of William. l William Striveling obtained, on 3rd 
August 1523, a charter from John, Earl of Lennox, of the lands of Easter and 
Wester Glorat, and the superiority of Easter Baldorran. 2 William Striuelmg 
of Grlorat, and Margaret Houstoun Ms spouse, acquired the lands of Baldorran 
from George Culquhoune of Glyne, by charter, dated 20th February 1529. 3 
John, Earl of Lennox, granted an obligation on 3rd February 1514, to ' our 
' traist cousyng and familiar seruitour, William Striueling of Glorat,' to in- 
feft him in the lands of Kepoch, in consideration that William had ' be his 
' labouris, travellis, costis, and expensis, gottin and obtenit to ws the Castle of 
' Dunbertane.' The Earl also bound himself to pay William 500 merks Scots 
for the said causes, and for ' costis, skaith, damagis, and expensis, sustenit and 
' to be sustenit' by him.* William Striueling had previously been keeper of 
the Castle, probably as the deputy of his father, as appears from an inden- 
ture between William and Robert Lord Erskine, who obtained a gift of the 
office of keeper, apparently on the death of Sir John Striveling, Knight, the 
former keeper. This indenture is dated 24th June 1510, and contains an 
interesting account of the furnishing of that fortress at this early date. 5 Three 
days after the above obligation, John, Earl of Lennox, granted to William 
a commission as ' Capitane and Kepar of the Castale of Dunbertane' during 
his life, with the usual powers. 6 After the cruel slaughter of that Earl of 
Lennox in 1526, by Sir James Hamilton of Finnart, the latter obtained from 
King James V. the office of Captain of Dumbarton Castle. Sir James re- 
appointed Sir William Striveling his deputy in that office, by two grants, 
both dated 19th March 1527, one of which was to endure for nine and the 
other for seventeen years. 7 William Striuelmg of Glorat, Andrew Striueling 
of Bankere, and others, found surety on 5th December 1530, to appear at the 
justice-aire of Dumbarton, to underly the law for intercommuning with Allan 
Haniiltoune of Bardowy and others, rebels, and at the horn for art and part of 
the slaughter of Alexander Hamilton, young laird of Auchinhowy. s William 
Striveling was appointed curator to Matthew the young Earl of Lennox, by a 
grant under the privy seal of King James V., dated 3rd August 1531, 9 and he 

1 No. 81, p. 288. 2 Glorat Writs. 3 Ibid. 

1 No. 93, p. 301. s No. 85, p. 293. 6 n . 94, p . 302. 

7 No. 116, p. 329. a Criminals Trials, i. 150*. 9 Glorat Writs. 



WILLIAM STRIVELING, 1508-1534. 139 



was sheriff of Dumbartonshire in the same year. Earl Matthew granted to 
William Striveling a letter of bailliary, dated 10th July 1532, in which he 
is called the Earl's well-beloved cousin and curator. 1 On 23rd March 1539, 
William Striveling of Glorat obtained from King James V. a letter, allowing 
him and his successors, keepers of Dumbarton Castle, to build a mill on the 
lands of Murrach, which pertained to the keeping of Dumbarton Castle. 2 
Like his master John, Earl of Lennox, Wilham Striveling had the mis- 
fortune to be cruelly slaughtered. This deed was done on Good Friday 
1534, by Humphrey Galbraith and his accomplices. 3 Wilham Striveling 
being employed ' be his Majesty, was cruellie slayin coming from Stirling to 
' Dumbartoun, by those who wes hounded out for that end, becaus the said 
' Wilham did take the Castell of Dumbarton from those who wes in possession 
' thereof, and did possess the said John Earl of Lennox therein.' 4 He is 

said to have married, 1st, Fleming, second daughter of Malcolm, Lord 

Fleming, by whom he had a son George who succeeded him ; but no evidence 
of that marriage has been found. The wife of Wilham, on 20th April 1517, 
was Marion Brisbane, who was probably a daughter or sister of John Brisbane 
of Bishoptoun, as of that date he was appointed one of the attornies for her 
by King James V. 5 William Striveling married again, before 1527, Margaret, 
daughter of Houstoun of that Ilk. They had four sons, viz. — (2) Andrew, 
who got from his father the lands of Law and Portnellan, and was ancestor 
of the Stirling's of Law. Wilham Striueling of Glorat, conveyed the ward of 
Glorat to his spouse Margaret Houstoun, and his son Andrew, on 16th June 
1527. 6 (3) James, who is designated Mr. James Stirling, brother-german to 
Andrew Stirling of Law, on 27th January 1561, and also on 4th May 1564. 7 
(4) John. s (5) Walter, who, as brother of George, was made pledge for him 
in the Articles of Agreement between the Regent Arran and George, dated 
1st April 1545. 9 Walter was slain afterwards by the Sympills of Foidwod, 
as appears from the following entry in the Criminal Trials on March 3, 1546 
' — John Synipill of Foidwod, and John Sympill Iris son and heir-apparent, 

1 Memorandum submitted by Sir Mungo Stirling, 5 No. 101, p. 313. 

great grandson of William, to the Duke of Lennox. 6 Dumbarton Records, Dennistoun MSS. 

2 Privy Seal Reg. viii. 42. " Protocol Book of Mr. Matthew Forsyth, N. P. 

3 Criminal Trials, part ix. p. 170. in Sheriff Clerk's Office, Dumbarton. 

; The said Memorandum. 6 Dennistoun MSS. ' No. 169, p. 300. 



140 STIRLING OF GLOBAT. 

' and others, found caution to underly the law, at the next justice-aires of 
' Dumbarton and Renfrew, for art and part of the cruel slaughter of Walter 
' StriueHng, brother of George Striueling of Glorat.' 1 William Striveling was 
succeeded in Glorat by his eldest son — 

III. George Striveling of Glorat. He was served heir of William, his 
father, in Glorat and Baldorran, on 15th January 1537. 2 George Striveling 
of the Glorat, Captain of Dmnberton, granted receipts, on 30th July and 
19th March 1536, to Huchoun Ross, baron of Kilravock, for certain sums for 
his ' burd' during his ward in the castle. John Striveling, elder, and Cristall 
Sterling, are witnesses to these receipts. 3 George, son and heir of William 
Striveling of Glorat, had a crown-charter of the lands of Mains, and others, 
in Dumbartonshire, dated 24th May 1536 ; and another crown-charter of the 
lands of Glorat, Baldorran, Portnellan-halliday, Capeth, and Park of Inchi- 
nane, dated 15th July 1546. 4 George Sterling had also a charter of the 
lands of Keppoch from Matthew, Earl of Lennox, on 19 th April 1544. 5 A 
process of ' cursing' was raised at the instance of Marion Maxwell of Pollock 
against ' George Striveling of Glorat, sone and air of mnquhile William 
' Striveling of Glorat,' in 1542. 6 George Striveling also succeeded his father 
in the captaincy of Dumbarton Castle. He had a gift of the. office from King- 
James V. at Stirling, on 13th April 1534. 7 This gift narrates the true ser- 
vice done to the King and his father by the late William Stirling and his 
father, and that William was cruelly slain the last Good Friday, acting for 
the King in his charge and service. In the month following this grant, King 
James V. addressed a letter to George Stirling, thanking him for his diligence 
and good service clone to the King, ' whereby ye could have done us nae greater 
' pleasour.' 8 

After the death of King James V., Matthew, Earl of Lennox, returned to 
Scotland in 1543. On the 27th of January of that year, the Earl made a grant 
of the captaincy of Dumbarton Castle to George Stirling; 9 and in the year 



1 Criminal Trials, i. 333*. 2 No. 145, p. 356. s No. 140, p. 352. It does not appear what was 

■' Genealogy of the Roses of Kilravock, pp. 202-3. the particular service rendered to the King on this 

4 Glorat Writs. 6 Ibid. occasion. 

'■ Pollock Charter Chest, " No. 13D, p. 352. ° Note of Gift among Glorat Wrils. 



GEORGE STRIVELING, 1537-1550. 141 

following, it appears that the Earl and George Stirling entered into a mutual 
bond, offensive and defensive. This was dated on the 19th of April 1544. 
Soon thereafter, in the month of August, in pursuance of an agreement entered 
into with King Henry VIII. of England, the Earl made a descent on the 
west coast of Scotland. Tytler says — 

' He next directed his course to Dumbarton Castle, a fortress of which, as the key 

: of the west of Scotland, Henry had long, but in vain, sought the possession. It was 

' the property of Lennox, and being commanded by Stirling of Glorat, one of his 

' retainers, to whom he had intrusted it on his departure for England, he did not 

' doubt for a moment that it would be surrendered. In this, however, he was dis- 

' appointed : Stirling received and recognized him as his master, but the brave baron 

' did not forget his higher allegiance to his sovereign. The first mention of his giving 

• up the castle to Henry was received with a burst of generous indignation ; the gar- 

' rison, taking the alarm, rose to arms ; and Lennox, with his English friends, becom- 

' ing alarmed for their safety, were glad to make a precipitate retreat to their ships.' 

Disdaining to surrender the castle to Lennox, and unwilling to yield it to 
Arran in the critical circumstances in which he was placed, Stirling appears 
to have resolved to hold the castle on his own account, till he cotdd make safe 
terms with the Regent. After withstanding a protracted siege by the Regent 
for many months, Stirling was enabled to enter into articles of agreement 
with Mm on the 1st of April 1545. 1 Tytler, on the authority of Lesley, 
says, that George Stirling, for a high reward, was induced to deliver the 
fortress into the hands of the Governor, but these articles of agreement do 
not show that there was any unfair reward to induce the agreement, by 
which Stirling was to continue captain of the castle, with consent of the 
Governor. In the memorandum submitted to the Duke of Lennox by Sir 
Mungo Stirling, grandson of George, credit is claimed for his having per- 
formed his part of the mutual bond with Lennox, in keeping the castle for him : 

' which the said George performed to his uttermost, having keeped the castell for the 
' space of ane yeire against the G-ovemour of Scotland and all his power, and never 
' did surrender the same till the said Earle of Lennox wreatt to him from France so 
' to doe, and upon honorable and advantageous conditiones to the said Earle and 
' himselffe, rendered up the place.' 2 

1 No. 169, p. 390. - Glorat Writs. 



142 STIRLING OF GLORAT. 

Soon after the agreement with the Eegent, George Stirling received from 
him a formal commission to he captain, constable, and keeper of the castle. 1 

Various persons, whose lands had been laid waste, and the kindred of those 
who had been slain by G-eorge Stirling and his servants, in his defence of 
Dumbarton Castle, subsequent to the death of James V., brought actions of 
redress against the Captain in the Court of Session. A letter, in the name of 
Queen Mary, was addressed by the Eegent in 1547 to the Lord Chancellor, the 
Lord President, and other Lords of the Session, narrating, that he had agreed 
to relieve the Captain of all such claims in the arrangement made between 
them for the surrender of the castle ; and therefore discharging the Lords of 
Session from proceeding in such suits, and desiring the parties to be remitted 
to the Governor for redress, conform to his promise to Stirling. 2 This was 
a stretch of the government to interpose its authority for the quashing of legal 
proceedings otherwise than in the due course of law. 

George Striveling married Annabell, daughter of Sir William Edmonstone 
of Duntreath, by Agnes, daughter of Matthew, second Earl of Lennox. George 
Striveling died before 24th December 1550, and was succeeded by his eldest 
son — 

IV. John Striveling of Glorat. Queen Mary issued a precept for infeft- 
ing John Striveling of Glorat as heir of George, his father, in the lands of 
Glorat and others, which narrates the retour of his service to his father, and 
that the lands had been in non-entry for three years. That precept is dated 
24th December 1550, and the instrument of sasine thereon is dated the 29th 
of the same month. 

Effem Striveling, with consent of Walter Cuninghame, burgess of Dimi- 
liarton, her spouse, granted a reversion to John Striveling, younger, son and 
apparent heir to umquhile George Striueling of Glorat, dated 16th February 
1556. 3 John Striveling married Margaret, daughter of Buchanan of that 
Ilk, widow of the Laird of Eohertland (Cuninghame).* By her he had two 
sons — 1. John, who succeeded him; 2. A son, who was laird of Bankeil. 
John Striveling probably died about 1563. 

1 No. 170, p. 392. 2 No. 171, p. 393. ' At Glorat. ' Pedigree of the Buchanans, 1602. 



JOHN STKIVELING, 1563-1613. 143 

V. John Striveling of Glorat. He was proprietor of Glorat on 27th May 
1563, as appears from a reversion granted to him of that date. 1 On 23rd June 
1576, John Striveling of Glorat obtained a decree by the Lords of Council 
against Robert Oallender, younger of Ballinckoch, for trespassing on the lands 
of Glorat. 2 It appears from the Criminal Trials, that this laird had his share 
of family feuds, which were unfortunately too common at his time, for on 9th 
December 1581, ' Johnne Striueling of Glorat, Johnne Striueling, younger 
' of Craigbernat, Walter Striueling of Ballagane, Louke Striueling of Bal- 
' dorane, and Johnne Striueling, servitour to Glorat, dilatit.of airt and pairt 
' of the crewall slauchter of umquhile Malcum Kincaid, sone to James 
' Kincaid of that Ilk, committit in Junij last by past/ 3 John Striueling 
married, before 1586, Catherine Hamilton, ' dochter to the guichnan of 
' Grange, and bigat 4 sones and 3 dochteris.' 4 1. John, who succeeded. 2. 
James, who witnessed a contract in 1602. 5 3. William. 4. George. Wil- 
liam and George are witnesses to a charter by their father and eldest brother 
John, dated 27th October 1586. 6 George Stirling, son of George Stirling of 
Glorat, received from his father sasine of the lands of Easter Baldorran, on 
5th March 1593. 7 George died before 24th May 1608, without issue, when 
his father was confirmed executor to him by the Commissaries of Edinburgh. 
Mr. William Stirling (son of John Stirling, senior of Glorat) was rector of 
Baldernoch on 10th November 1607. s 5. Mary married, contract dated 
26th October 1586, Robert Stirling of Lettir. 6. Elizabeth; and 7. A 
daughter, whose Christian name has not been ascertained. 

John Striveling died between 24th May 1608 and 18th May 1613, and was 
succeeded by his eldest son — 

VI. John Striueling of Glorat, who had a sasine on 14th August 1584, 
as son and apparent heir of John Striueling of Glorat. John Striueling, son 
and apparent heir of John Striueling of Glorat, was contracted to Jane, 
daughter of Robert Dalziel of that ilk, in 1594, and was infeft in the fee of 
Keppoch by his father in 1604, when Janet Dalziel was dead. 9 He received 
a precept of sasine in the lands of Glorat from Sir William Livingstoun of 

1 Glorat Writs. = Ibid. ' Criminal Trials, i. 97. 4 Buchanan Pedigree, 1C02. 

5 At Keir. s Glorat Writs. 1 Ibid. s Ibid. 9 Dennistoun MSS. 



144 STIRLING OF GLOEAT. 

Kilsyth, Knight, the superior, as heir of the deceased John Striveling, his 
father, dated 13th October 1613. 1 He acquired in 1601 the lands of Wester 
Baldorran from John Stirling of Wester Baldorran and Helen Dalziel his 
spouse (daughter of James Dalziel, merchant, Edinburgh), heir and successor 
of umquhile Lucas Striueling his father. John Striueling sold Wester Bal- 
dorran, in 1604, to John Livingston of Baldorran. John Striueling was infeft 
in Keppoch on a precept of clare constat by Ludovick, Duke of Lennox, on 
14th April 1614. On 16th November 1629, he, with consent of his eldest 
son, Mungo Stirling, fiar of Glorat, disponed Keppoch to John Ewing. John 
Stirling married, before 28th September 1604, Annabell Graham, and had 
eight sons and two daughters, viz. — 

1. Mungo, who succeeded. 

2. John, who married Lilias Orahame. They were both alive in 1640. 

3. Archibald, who was living in 1636. 

4. James, who died before January 1631, leaving a son, Archibald, and a 
daughter, Christian, who was married to Alexander Livingston of Parkhills 
before July 1672. 3 

5. George, mentioned in a contract between John Stirling of Glorat and 
John his son, dated 26th February 1629. 3 George Stirling, brother-german of 
Mungo Stirling of Glorat, witnessed a charter by John Stirling of Craigbarnet, 
dated 27th January 1640.* 

6. Mr. Henry, who is also mentioned in the said contract, dated 26th 
February 1629. He married Elizabeth Jameson, between 26th November 
1644, and 7th July 1645, on which last date Elizabeth Jameson was con- 
firmed executrix to him. She married, secondly, Mr. William Fairfull, 
servitor to the Lord Melvill. 

7. Mr. William, parson of Baldernock in 1604. 

8. George. William and George, brothers-german of Mungo, witnessed 
a writ by him, dated 15th March 1630. 5 

9. A daughter, married to John Livingstone of Baldorran. 

10. Margaret, married to William Dalzell of Chissim. She is described 
his relict on 26th June 1649/ 

1 Glorat Writs. 2 Ibid. 3 Ibid. « Ibid. '■> Ibid. 

John Stirling had also a natural son, James, who was living in June 1G47 and in 1C0G. 



SIR MUNGO AND SIR GEORGE STIRLING, 1642-1681. 145 

John Stirling died after 24th May 1631, and before July 1642, and was 
succeeded by Ids eldest son — 

VII. Sir Mungo Stirling of Glorat, Knight. He had a precept of sasine in 
the lands of Glorat, as heir to his father, dated July 1642. He was a steady 
adherent of Charles II. and suffered much during the Usurpation, on account 
of which his son was made a baronet in 1666. He married, 1st, contract 
dated 11th August 1614, Margaret, third daughter of Alexander Hamilton of 
Kinglas and Elizabeth Forrester, Ids spouse ; 2ndly, before 1631, Marion, 
daughter of Wauchope of Niddrie ; 3dly, contract dated 2nd October 1641, 
Margaret Livingston, who was living in 1644. He had two sons and three 
daughters — 

1. George, who succeeded, and was created a baronet. 

2. William, who appears to have taken a part against his father during the 
Commonwealth, and to have circulated reports unfavourable to him. The 
Commissioners for prisoners investigated these reports, and by the following 
declaration, dated 2nd August 1654, they cleared Sir Mungo — 

' Whereas severall things was layd to the charge of Sir Mungo Starling by William 
' Starlinge his second sonne ; vpon the examination tharoff, it was Found by the 
' Commissioners for Prisoners at Leith, that the said charge was false and scan- 
' delus.' 1 

3. Jean, who was married to George Eoss of Galston in 1649. 2 

4. Margaret, who was married, in 1649, to Thomas Kennedy of Baltersan. 3 

5. Mary married, contract dated 31st October and 4th November 1656, 
John Stirling of Craigbarnet. 4 

Sir Mungo was succeeded by his eldest son — 

VIII. Sir George Stirling of Glorat. Along with his father, he was very 
devoted to the cause of Charles II., by whom Sir George was created a baronet, 
with limitation to the heirs-male of his body, by patent, dated at Whitehall 
the 24th of April 1666. 5 That patent narrates 

1 Original at Glorat. 2 Ballagan Writs. 4 Glorat Writs. 

3 Glorat Writs. s Copy Patent at Glorat. 

T 



146 STIRLING OF GLORAT. 

' the good and faithful services, great sufferings, and losses, through severall imprison - 

: ments, fynes and uther prejudices sustained be Sir Mungo Sth'liug of Glorat, and 

' Sir George Stirling his sone, for and in His Majestie's service, and His Majestie 

' being noe less sensible thereof, as desyrous for there encouragement in the future, to 

' put ane mark of his Majestie's favour upon that family.' 

He married, contract dated 11th July 1657, Mary, daughter to Sir George 
Seaton of Hales, who died in August 1659, leaving an only child, Mary, who 
was married to Lieutenant James Stirling, brother-german to the Laird of 
Ken, and died before 22nd April 1724. Sir George married, 2ndly, contract 
dated 16th February 1661, 1 Marjory, eldest daughter of Sir William Purves 
of Woodhouselee, Baronet. They had three sons and five daughters — 

1. Mungo, who succeeded. 

2. Kobert, who witnessed a discharge by his father, dated 9th December 
1691, in which Kobert is called ' second lawful sone to the said Sir George 
' Stirling of Glorat.' 2 Kobert was apprenticed to his brother-in-law, William 
Cross, merchant in Glasgow, by indenture, dated 15th April 1691. 3 He is 
presumed to have died without issue, as his younger brother John succeeded. 

3. John, who afterwards carried on the baronetcy. 

4. Marjory, married to Mungo Stirling of Oraigbarnet, and was living in 
1657. 4 

5. Helen, who was living 7th September 1615. 

6. Ann, living in 1720. 

7. Margaret, married to William Cross, merchant, Glasgow— contract dated 
5th February 1691. They had a daughter Catherine, living in 1714. 

8. Jean, wife of James Scott, writer, Glasgow, in 1722. 

Sir George died after 1681, and was succeeded by his eldest son — 

IX. 1. Sir Mungo Stirling of Glorat, second baronet. He was living at 
Glorat on 10th July 1706, and also on 19th March 1712, as appears by letters 
addressed by him to the Laird of Garden. 6 He married about 1705, Barbara, 
eldest daughter of Hugh Corbet of Hardgray, and relict of John Douglas of 
Mains. In a letter from William Stirling, dated August 20, 1715, to Mr. John 

1 At Glorat. 2 Ibid. 3 Ibid. 5 Receipt at Glorat. 

' Craigbarnet and Ballagan Writs. 6 Letters at Garden. 



SIR JAMES STIRLING, 1712-1771. 147 

Stirling at Garden, he says — ' I gott a letter from the Lady Glorat, with ane 
' account of hir son Mr. James, being in a fiver.' 1 She made her will on 29th 
December 1740. Sir Mungo had three sons — 1. James who succeeded him ; 
2. William, and 3. Hugh, who were all minors in 1712. He made his will 
on 21st April 1712, and died on the same day. He was succeeded by his 
eldest surviving son — 

X. 1. Sir James Stirling of Glorat, third baronet. Sir James was served 
heir to Sir George his grandfather on 8th August 1712. He was then only 
about six years old. A decreet of adjudication was obtained on 8th August 
1718, by Sir William Purves of that Ilk, against Sir James, as heir to Sir 
Mungo his father, Sir George his grandfather, Sir Mungo his great-grand- 
father, and John, his great-great-grandfather. He had a crown-charter of the 
lands of Glorat on 12th February 1740. Wodrow thus records the first mar- 
riage of Sir James — ' This moneth, May 1728, Martha Luke was married, in 
' a disorderly way, to Sir J. Stirling of Glorat. Perhapps this is a good pro- 
' vidence to her parents, and if she would take up herself, and could bear with 
' things, she might be very well. The estate of Glorat is not so low as it was 
' at first represented.' 2 In the same work 3 there is an accoimt of a litigation 
in 1731, between Sir James and his wife Martha Luke, regarding her father's 
succession. Sir James married, 2ndly, at Edinburgh, on 28th January 1751, 
Jean, only daughter of John Stirling of Herbertshire, but had no issue. Sir 
James died at Glorat on 30th April 1771, 4 and was succeeded in his 
baronetcy by his cousin Sir Alexander Stirling, of whom afterwards. ' Lady 
' Stirling of Glorat' was alive on 22nd January 1763. 5 She married, 2ndly, 
James Ersldne, Lord Alva, without issue. Sir James Stirling entailed Glorat 
by a deed of entail, dated 5th October 1765. 6 

1 Letters at Garden. ' very easy man in his temper, to execute a most 

2 Wodrow's Analecta, iii. 524. ' irrational and unnatural deed, whereby he vested 

3 Ibid. iv. 297. ' the total liferent of his estate in the Lady, with his 

4 Scots Magazine, xxxiii. 222. Ill a memorial ' whole moveable goods and gear whatever, and thus 
for Sir Alexander Stirling of Glorat, dated 1771, ' pillaged and robbed his own family.' In another 
it is stated, that in the year 1757, ' after Sir James part of the same paper, Sir Alexander styles the 
' and his Lady had been married about six years, Lady ' a mere harry water net.' 

' and having no prospect of children, she appears 5 Denovan Inventory. 

' to have prevailed with her husband, who was a 6 Ferguson's Index to Entails, p. 141. 



148 STIRLING OF GLORAT. 

IX. 2. John Stirling, second surviving son of Sir George Stirling, first baronet. 
John was apprenticed to William Stirling, Writer to the Signet, by indenture, 
dated 1st March 1699. John was one of the tutors of his nephew Sir James, 
and purchased Glorat for his behoof, when it was publicly sold in 1720. He was 
a writer in Edinburgh before Ms succession to Glorat. He married Elizabeth, 
only daughter and heiress of Sir Alexander Home of Kenton, who was heh-male 
of George Earl of Dunbar, and Margaret Scott his spouse. Their postnuptial 
contract of marriage is dated last February 1701. They had an only child — 

X. 2. Sir Alexander Stirling of St. Albans, who succeeded his cousin Sir 
James Stirling, as fifth baronet of Glorat, in 1771. He was born in Sep- 
tember 1715. After his succession to Glorat, he obtained a crown-charter of 
the lands on 6th August 1771. On the death of his cousin Sir John Home, in 
January 1788, he also inherited the estate of Eenton in Berwickshire, which 
he entailed on 28th June 1788. 1 He married Mary Willis of Kochester, who 
survived him. They had one son, and one daughter Jane-Mary, who was born 
on 24th June 1762 and died on the 20th December 1774. 2 He died at Edin- 
burgh on 22nd February 1791, aged seventy-five years and five months, and was 
buried at Campsie Church on the 26th. 3 He was succeeded by his only son — 

XL Sir John Stirling of Glorat, the sixth baronet, who was served heir 
to his father on 21st March 1791. He married, before 1771, Gloriana Fol- 
some, of Stratford, in North America, by whom he had a numerous family.* 

1 Ferguson's Index to Entails. ' mother. By the way, your wife directed her let- 

2 Tombstone to her in the Old Greyfriars' Church, ' ter to me, I understand she thought my father 
Edinburgh. ' was dead; but it is a mistake; he is still living, 

3 Tombstone in Campsie Church. There is a ' and seventy years of age. But if it please God 
portrait of this Sir Alexander in the possession ' that I outlive him, in that event you will most 
of his grand-daughter, Miss Eennie, at Glorat Cot- ' certainly see me again at Stratford, as it is my 
tage. ' determined resolution if I survive my father, and 

4 The dates of their births and baptisms are ' the Almighty in his goodness will so permit me, 
chiefly taken from the Campsie Pai-ish Registers. ' to come to America with my family, and there 
Sir John was much attached to America. In a let- ' end my days ; for notwithstanding my own friends 
ter from him to his brother-in-law there, dated ' are in this country, and my property also, on my 
Glorat, 5th April 1784, he says — 'My wife, as she ' surviving my father, lies here, you may believe 
' wrote her sister, has been blest with seven chil- ' me when I assure you, my attachment to America 
' dren since coming to Scotland — four boys and ' is so great, that there I will, if it shall please the 
' three girls, who, as well as their mother, are all ' Almighty Disposer of all events, pass my evening 
' living and in good health, as is my father and ' of life.' (Copy at Glorat ) 



SIR JOHN STIRLING, 1791-1818. 149 

1. Mary, born in Connecticut on 10th December 1771. She was married 
to Mr. Aitchison, Berwickshire, and has issue. 

2. Jean-Maria, second daughter, born on 29th January 1773, who was 
married to John Mackenzie of G-arnkirk, merchant, Glasgow, and died on 
the 30th October 1797, in the twenty-fifth year of her age, leaving an only 
daughter, Gloriana Mackenzie. 

3. Elizabeth-Ann, third daughter, born on 27th November 1774, married 
at Glasgow on 10th September 1792, the Eeverend James Lapslie, minister of 
Campsie, 1 and had issue. Their son, John Stirling Lapslie, born on 14th 
November 1793, was a midshipman in the royal navy, and died at Batavia, 
unmarried, on 11th December 1813. They had also James, Alexander, and 
Andrew, and Margaret and Gloriana Lapslie. 

4. Alexander-Home, born on 8th October 1775, and died unmarried. 

5. Barbara-Black, born on 8th May 1777. She was married to the 
Eeverend Kobert Bennie, D. D., minister of Kilsyth, and had one son and 
three daughters. 1. Alexander -Home- Stirling Bennie, married Miss Ander- 
son of Gladswood, and has one son and three daughters ; 2. Margaret ; 3. 
Gloriana; and 4. Jane -Maria. The two latter reside at Glorat Cottage. 

6. John-Home, born on 16th May 1778. He died on 19th August 1789 in 
his eleventh year. The death of this boy had the effect of reconciling Sir 
Alexander to his son John, who had displeased Mm by refusing to educate his 
son as an Episcoj^alian. 

7. Margaret, born on 14th February 1780. She was married to Bobert 
Watt of Logiebank near Khkintilloch, without issue. 

8. James, born on 7th August 1781 . He died unmarried after 28th June 
1788. 

9. Samuel, who succeeded his father. 

10. George, of whom afterwards. 

11. Ann, baptized on 3rd April 1790. She was married to Archibald Napier 
of Merchiston, in Tobago, and had issue. He died on 16th February 1822. 2 

12. John, baptized on 27th February 1791. 

13. William-Bromly-Cadogan, born on 3rd July 1791. He became a 
naval officer, and died unmarried. 

1 Scots Magazine, liv. 465. - Tombstone in Old Grey friars" Church, Edinburgh. 



150 STIRLING OF GLORAT. 

14. Robert, baptized on 19th October 1792. He resides in America. He 
is married and has children. 

15. Joseph, born on 14th January 1794. He is unmarried. 

16. Sarah, born about an hour after her brother Joseph, 14th January 1794. 
These twins were baptized, ' the one by the Eeverend Mr. Lapslie, the 
' other by the Reverend Mr. Rennie, both sons-in4aw of the family.' 1 
Sarah married, 1st, Major Davidson of Mount Charles, Ayrshire, and had 
two sons and two daughters ; 2ndly, John Graham of Ballagan, and has two 
sons and two daughters. 

17. Thomas-Dimdas, baptized 8th June 1798. He married Christina 
Cameron, and had a son baptized on 27th June 1821, called John, who died 
on his way to the West Indies, unmarried. 

George Stirling (No. 10, above), was born on 22nd February 1786. He 
became a captain in the 9th regiment. He married, 1st, Anne- Henrietta, 
daughter of William Cray of Oxgang, and by her had — 1. Jean- Adam, 
born on 21st December 1821, and died at Glorat on 25th January 1828. 
2. Gloriana-Ann, born on 3rd March 1823, and died in infancy. 3. George, 
died in infancy on 3rd October 1825. 4. John, born 30th April 1826, and 
died in his sixth year. 5. William-Henry, born on 30th July 1827 ; he 
was a lieutenant in the 60th Rifles, and died unmarried. 6. Ann-Henrietta, 
born on 22nd November 182S ; she was married in 1855 to the Reverend 
Mr. Buckley. 7. Samuel- Home, married in 1854, Mary, daughter of Major 
Begbie, and has one daughter, Mary-Eleanor, born 31st August 1855. Samuel 
is the heir presumptive to his uncle Sir Samuel, the present baronet. 8. Charles, 
now in Australia. 9. Jane unmarried. 

Anne- Henrietta Gray, wife of captain George Stirling, predeceased her 
husband, who married, 2ndly, Margaret, youngest daughter of Thomas Kibble 
of Whiteford, and died, without issue by her, at Portobello on 21st February 
1852, aged sixty-six years. 2 Margaret Kibble died in 1857. 

Sir John Stirling died at Edinburgh on 16th March 1818, aged sixty- 
seven, and Lady Stirling survived him till 4th January 1826, when she 
died, aged seventy-two years. Sir John was succeeded by his eldest surviv- 
ing son, 

1 Scots Magazine, hi. G2. 2 Tombstone in Old Greyfriars' Church, Edinburgh. 



SIB SAMUEL STIRLING, 1783-1857. 



151 



XII. Sir Samuel Stirling of Glorat, seventh baronet, who was born on 
28th July 1783. He was called to the Scotch bar in 1808. Sir Samuel 
married, contract dated 13th September 1842, Mary- Anne, only daughter 
of Major Robert Berrie of Unthank. She died at Freidrichshaffen, Lake 
Constance, on 8th October 1856, without issue. 



Armorial Bearings. 




S E M F» E R VV F ' DELIS 



~w 



m 



Shield: Argent, on a Bend engrailed, azure, three Buckles, or, within a double 
treasure flowered and counterflowered, with thistles vert, on a chief, gules, a naked 
arm, issuing out of a cloud from the sinister side, grasping a sword in pale, and 
therewith guarding an imperial Crown, placed in the dexter chief point, proper. 

Crest: A Lion passant gules. 

Supporters: Two Soldiers in Armour, with plumes. Motto: Semper Fidelis. 



VI. — STIRLING OF LAW, PORTNELLAN, AND 

EDENBARNET, 

IN THE PARISH OF OLD KILPATRICK AND COUNTY OF DUMBARTON. 

♦ 

The Stirlings of Law are a branch of the Stirlings of Glorat. 

I. William Striueling of Glorat, acquired the lands of Law from Sir 
James Hamilton of Fynnart, Knight, in the year 1528. By a charter, dated 
5th February in that year, Sir James, with consent of Margaret Livingstoun 
his spouse, for good and gratuitous services rendered to him, granted to 
William Striueling of Glorat, and Margaret Houston his spouse, in conjunct 
infeftment, and the heirs of their marriage, in fee, which failing, to the heirs 
of William, the lands of Law, lying in the lordship of Drumry, earldom of 
Levenax, and shire of Dunbarton. 1 Wilham Striueling and Margaret Hous- 
toun were infeft in Law, in terms of this charter on 14th April 1529. 2 
William Striueling of Glorat was slain on Good Friday 1534, as already 
shown in the account of the Glorat branch. He was survived by Margaret 
Houston, who, on 9th May 1537, obtained a transumpt of their conjunct 
infeftment in Law. Their eldest son and successor in Law was, 

II. Andrew Streueling of Law, Portnellan, &c. On 28th November 
1571, John Cunynghame of Drumquhassell, who had acquired the superiority 
of Law, granted a precept for infefting Andrew Streueling, son of the late 
William Streueling and Margaret Houston his spouse, in these lands, and 
Andrew was infeft on the following day. 3 Andrew had previously acquired 
the lands of Portnellane-Halliday and half of Baldorane, by charter from 
Queen Mary, dated 24th May 1557. 4 He had another crown-charter of 
these lands, dated 24th May 1577. 5 Andrew Streueling also acquired the 
lands of Edenbarnet and Craigbanzeoch, in the lordship of Kilpatrick, regality 
of Paisley, and shire of Dumbarton, from Stephen Spreull of Edenbarnet, by 

1 Charter and Precept at Edenbarnet. 3 Sasinc at Edenbarnet. 

2 Transumpt of Sasine, 9th May 1537, Ibid. ' Reg. Mag. Sig. 5 Ibid. 



WILLIAM STREUELING OF LAW, &c. 15S2. 



153 



charter, dated 13th July 1569. l Andrew granted to Luke Stirling and Janet 
Edmondstone, spouses, and their son John, the lands of Wester Ballindorane, 
by charter, dated at Law, 4th May 1564. 3 This charter is thus subscribed — 

He married Elizabeth, second daughter of Gabriel Cunninghame of Craig- 
ends, and had issue five sons — 

1. William, who succeeded. 

2. Mr. James," who witnessed the infeftment in Law in favour of his brother 
William, on 2nd April 1582. 3 

3. John, who as brother of William Stirling of Law, witnessed a sasine 
dated 20th April 1591. 4 John was made a burgess of Dumbarton in 1603. 

4. Walter, whose son and heir John had an annuity in 1584. 5 

5. Mr. Kobert. Eobert Striueling, brother-german of William Stirling of Law, 
witnessed an instrument in favour of the latter, dated 26th February 1584. 6 
William, son of Eobert Stirling, had a tenement in Dumbarton in 1606. 7 

Andrew Stilling died before 24th October 1581, and was succeeded by 
Iris eldest son, 



III. William Steetjeling of Law, Fortnellan, and Edenbarnet. Malcolm 
Crawford of Kilbirny granted at his Castle of Kilbirny, on the last day of 



1 Charter at Edenbarnet. 2 Ibid. 

3 Sasine, Ibid. 4 Sasine, Ibid. 

5 Dennistonn MSS. 

6 Law and Edenbarnet Writs. In the Lives of 
Eminent Ministers of the Church of Scotland, by 
Mr. James' Stirling, Minister of the Barony Parish, 
Glasgow, there is an account of his father, Mr. John 
Stirling, minister at Kilbarchan ; and the writer 
refers to the former ministers of that parish — ' Mr. 
' Hamiltoun being dead, who had been a fifty-year 
' old plague to that poor people, for their slighting 
' and breaking the heart of that worthy godly minis- 
' ter, Mr. Eobert Stirling, son of the house of Lau, 
' as the good Lady Auchinames said — ' For their 



' breaking the heart of that godly youth, Mr. 

' Eobert Stirling, God sent them in Eilbarchan a 

' plague of Mr. Andrew Hamiltoun for fifty years, 

' who drank and debauched with them, and would 

' have gone with them to the football after sermon 

' was over !' ' (Wodrow's Analecta, vol. iii. p. 29.) 

Mr. William Stirling, son of the deceased Mr. Eobert 

Stirling, minister of Eilbarchan, is witness to a 

charter by Andrew Stirling, fiar of Law, and Jane 

Walkinshaw, his spouse, dated at Law, 29th August 

1618. Mr. William subscribes, ' Mr. W. Stirvling.' 

(at Edenbarnet). 

' Dennistoun MSS. Jean, natural daughter of 
William Stirling of Law, was living in 1585. (Ibid.) 

U 



154 STIRLING OF LAW AND EDENBARNET. 

March 1582, a precept of clare constat for infefting William Streueling, son 
of the deceased Andrew Stierling of Portnellan, in the lands of Law. 1 William 
Streueling of Law was infeft in Portnellan-Halliday, as heir of his father An- 
drew, on 6th September 1581. He received from William, Commendator of 
Paisley, a charter, dated 16th April 1581, of Edenbernen and Craigbanzeoch, 
on the resignation of John Spreull, heir-male of the deceased Stephen Spreull. 2 
He married Margaret, daughter of Hugh Craufurd of Clobarhill, who sur- 
vived him, and gave up his testament-dative to the Commissary of Glasgow. 
They had five sons and one daughter — 

1. Andrew. 

2. Hugh. He is probably the ' Major Stirling,' brother of Andi-ew Stirling 
of Law, who is noticed in Durie's Decisions on 25th January 1642, p. 888, 
as having arrested certain silver plate belonging to Colonel Cuninghame. 

3. Walter, who was executor-dative of his father on 29th January 1624. 3 

4. Eobert, afterwards Sir Kobert Sterling, Knight. A notice of him will 
be found annexed to the present account of the Law family. 

5. William, a notice of whose descendants will be found after the account 
of his brother Sir Eobert (p. 162). 

6. Elizabeth, who was married to Hew Crawford of Jordanhill, without 
issue. William Streueling died in December 1623, and was succeeded by his 
eldest son — 

IV. Andrew Stirling of Law. William Sterling of Law, and Margaret 
Craufurd his wife, granted charters on 20th October 1610, to Andrew Sterling, 
their eldest son and apparent heir, and his spouse Jean Walkinshaw, daughter 
of Mr. Patrick Walkinshaw, sub-dean of Glasgow, of half of Law and the lands 
of Enbarnen and Craigbanzeoch, in implement of contract of marriage between 
said Andrew and Jean, dated 4th September previous. Sir John Craufurde 
of Kilbirnie, Knight, granted on 10th September 1641, a precept of clare con- 
stat for infefting Andrew Stirling of Law as heir to his grandfather, Andrew 
Stirling of Law, in the lands of Law, and he was infeft on the following day. 4 
On the same day, Andrew resigned Law in favour of William Stirling, his eldest 

' Precept at Edenbarnet. 3 Glasgow Commissary Records. 

2 Charter, Ibid. > Precept and Sasine at Edenbarnet. 



WILLIAM STIRLING, &C, 1647-1787. 155 

son and apparent heir, reserving the liferent of Andrew and Jane Walkinshaw 
his spouse ; and on the 16th of the same month, Sir John Crawford of Kilbirnie, 
Knight, granted a charter to Wilham Stirling of the Law, of the lands of Law, 
and he was infeft on the following day. 1 Andrew Stirling and Jean Walkin- 
shaw had at least one son, William, who succeeded, and one daughter, Agnes, 
married to Wilham Colquhoun of Garscadden. 

Andrew Stirling died in December 1646, and was succeeded by his son — 

V. William Stirling of Law, who was retoured heir to his father, Andrew 
Stirling of Law, on 13th October 1647. He was one of the War Committee 
for Dumbartonshire in 1647. 3 He entailed Law by entail, dated 20th May 
1691. William Stirling married, contract dated 2nd December 1641, Mar- 
garet Maxwell of Dargavel, by whom he had three daughters — 

1. Margaret, who married James Buchanan of Boss, by whom she had two 
daughters — 1. Jean, heiress of Boss, who married Archibald Buchanan of 
Drumikill, and had four sons and four daughters. 3 2. Janet, who, with Jean, 
got legacies from their grandfather William Stirling, under his will in 1694. 

2. Mary, married before 1698, William Colquhoun of Craigton. Her tocher 
was 5000 merks. 4 She died before 14th September 1703, leaving two sons 
and three daughters. The second son was Wilham Colquhoun, of whom 
afterwards. The daughters were — 1. Margaret, married before 1713, John 
Maxwell of Dargavel. 2. Anna, married before 1713, Robert Campbell 
of Balvie, W. S. 3. Elizabeth. 

VI. 3. Agnes, youngest daughter, married, 1st, John Campbell of Succoth, 
W. S. They had two sons ; John, the second son, succeeded to Law. 2ndly, 
James Hamilton of Hutchison, by whom she had a son, James, who appears 
to have died without issue, and two daughters, Agnes and Anne, who succes- 
sively inherited Law, as after shown. 

William Stirling died between 1694 and 14th September 1703, and was 
succeeded by his grandson, 

1 Edenbarnet Writs. inherited her, and in doing so, he passed over the 

2 Acta Pari., vol. vi. p. 279. second daughter, and her descendants, in favour of 

3 History of the Buchanans, p. 77. The marriage the youngest daughter, in the first instance. 
of Margaret Stirling displeased her father, who dis- * Fountainhall. 



156 STIRLING OF LAW AND EDENBARNET. 

VII. John Campbell or Stirling of Law. He had a charter from Walter, 
Lord Blantyre, the superior, dated 17th August 1708, of the lands of Edin- 
baron and Craigbanoch, as heir to William Stirling of Law. 1 John Campbell 
Stirling had also a crown-charter of these lands, dated 27th July 1713. 2 
John Graham, younger of Killearn, as Provost of the Collegiate Church 
of Dumbarton, granted to him a charter of the Kirklands of Strathblane, 
dated 4th July 1711. s John Stirling of Law was a great Anti-Jacobite 
in 1745. He died in April 1757, and was succeeded by his only son — 

VIII. James Stirling of Law. On 18th August 1758, he was served heir 
to his father in the lands of Enbarren, &c* He had a precept of clare con- 
stat from George Earl of Craufurd and Lindsay, for infefting liim, as heir to 
his father John Stirling, in the lands of Law, dated 7th August 1762. As 
superior cf Ballagan, he granted a precept for infefting John Graham, as heir 
to his father Thomas, 27th September 1777 ; and also a precept for infefting 
Alexander Graham as heir of John Graham his brother, in the lands of Bal- 
lagan, dated 3rd May 1787.° James Stirling set tacks of the greater part of 
the estate of Law and Edenbarnet to various parties, and these tacks were 
challenged by his successor in the estate. In the judicial proceedings, it was 
set forth, on the part of the heir of entail, that ' about thirty years before his 
' death, Mr. Stirling was attacked with a complaint, which nearly deprived 
' him of the use of his limbs, and confined him almost constantly to his 
' house, and for the most part to his bed. For the last twenty years he was 
' very seldom out of his bed-room.' On the other hand, it was maintained for 
the holders of the leases, that ' Mr. Stirling was a man of very good understand- 
' ing, and he retained all his faculties entire, long after the transactions which 
' form the subject of this cause were entered into. It is true, indeed, that at 
' a period not less than thirty years before his death, he had the misfortune to 
' meet with a serious fall, by which he was lamed for life. In consequence of 
' this, he was very much confined during the remainder of his life. But the fact 
' is beyond all question, that he retained all his faculties in their utmost vigour, 
' and was very much consulted by all descriptions of persons in the manage- 

1 Law and Edenbarnet Writs. - Ibid. 4 Law and Edenbarnet Writs. 

J Ballagan Writs. •> Ballagan Writs. 



JAMES STIRLING OF LAW, &C, 1757. 157 

' ment of their affairs. Indeed, the opinion of his knowledge and capacity was 
' so strong, that the meetings of the Justices of the Peace were frequently held in 
' his house, in order that theymight have the benefit of his advice and assistance.' 1 
James Stirling married, contract dated 6th June 1757, 3 Christian, second 
daughter and one of the three heirs-portioners of William Colquhoun of 
Craigtoun, who died on 27th January 1806 at Edenbarnet. 3 James Stirling 
died on 15th January 1809, and was succeeded by his cousin-uterine, 

VII. l. Agnes Hamilton Stirling of Law and Edenbarnet. She was 
the eldest daughter of James Hamilton of Hutchison, and Agnes Stirling, 
youngest daughter of William Stirling (V.). On 10th November 1809, Agnes 
Hamilton was served heir to James Stirling of Law, her cousin-uterine. 1 
She married Peter Buchanan of Spittal, whom she survived. She died on 
2nd February 1816, and was succeeded by her sister — 

VII. 2. Anne Hamilton Stirling of Law and Edenbarnet. She was infeft in 
Law, as heir of her sister Agnes, on 23rd July 1816. 5 She died unmarried on 
11th July 1817, and was succeeded by Williani Colquhoun, descended from — 

VI. Mary Stirling, second daughter of William Stirling (V.), and wife 
of William Colquhoun of Craigton, as before shown. They had a daughter — 

VII. Margaret Colquhoun who married Alan Colquhoun of Kenmure. 
They had two sons, Alan, who died without issue, and — 

VIII. William Colquhoun of Kenmure. He married Judith Dunn 
Thibou, by whom he had one son, William, who succeeded to Law ; and two 
daughters. The elder daughter, Margaret, married Alexander Dunlop of 
Keppoch. They had five sons and six daughters. The second son is Alex- 
ander Murray Dunlop of Corsock, M.P. for Greenock. 

IX. William Colquhoun Stirling of Law. He was for sometime a sur- 

1 Memorial for John Gibson of Johnstone, &e. 3 Scots Mag., lxviii. 159. 

2 Contract at Glorat. i Law and Edenbarnet Writs. 5 Ibid. 



158 STIRLING OF LAW AND EDENBARNET. 

geon in the service of the East India Company. On 23rd July 1818, he was 
served heir to Mrs. Agnes Hamilton or Stirling. He married Helen, youngest 
daughter of the late Archibald Calder, banker in Glasgow, lineal descendant of 
the Calders of Inchbreck. They had issue, a son WiUiam, and a daughter Judith, 
married George, son of Sir David Innes of Orton and Cockstoune, Baronet. 
Mr. Stirling died in January 1842, and was succeeded by his only son — 

X. William Colquhoun Stirling, now of Law and Edenbarnet. He is 
a lieutenant in the 14th Kegiment of Madras Native Infantry. 

Armorial Bearings. 




Shield: Quarterly 1st and 4th argent, on a Bend engrailed, azure, three Buckles 
or; in chief on an oak branch slipped, vert, a raven proper; 2nd and 3rd on a field 
argent, a saltier engrailed, sable, and in chief a rose, gules. 

Crests: A Lion's paw erased, grasping an oaken slip proper, for Stirling; and a 
Stag's head erased proper, for Colquhoun. Motto: Hie Fides et Kobor. 



Sir ROBERT STERLING, Knight, Governor of Cork in 1649. 

Sir Robert Sterling, Knight, who was a distinguished military officer in the reign of 
Charles I., was the fourth son of William Striveling of Law, and Margaret Crawford 
his wife. Sir Robert obtained, on 9th October 1649, a grant or patent of arms from 
the Ulster King. As this grant states the descent of Sir Robert from William 
Stirling of Law, and contains an ample account of his military services, and is an in- 
teresting specimen of an early grant of arms in the sister country, it is here subjoined. 

Patent of Arms by William Roberts, D.C.L. Ulster King of Arms of Ireland, to Sir 
Robert Stirling, Knight, Governor of Corke, 9th October 1649. 

William Roberts, Doctor of the Civile Lawe, Vluester King of Amies of the whole 
Kingdome of Ireland ; To all and singular, aswell Nobles, Kings of Amies, Heralds 
and other Officers att Amies, as Gentlemen and others to whome these present Letters 
Patents shall come, sendeth greeting, etc. Whereas (in former ages) every wellgoverned 
Commonwealth hath endeavoured to commemorate the valiant and vertuous acts of 
Noble and worthy persons, to the present age and succeeding posterity, by sundry 
Tropheas and Monuments erected to their memory to the eternizing of their owne fame, 
and to the honour of their families ; And whereas (not only his sacred Majesties 
most renowned and rightfamous Progenitours of ancient times), but allso the greatest 
Monarchs of forreigne nations (amongst other their honorary remunerations for services 
done in peace or warre), haue conferred on those that haue worthely merited the same 
divers tokens and Eniblenies depicted and engraven in Sheilds (now vulgarly called 
Amies), as evident demonstrations of their valour or vertue, that such as haue been 
faithful! to their Soveraignes in their Civile imployments, or Couragious in their wars, 
might haue hereditary Signes of honour to destinguish them and theirs from the meere 
servile and ignoble multitude ; which laudable custome of former times (that posterity 
might still dcriue benefitt from the famous deeds of worthy Ancestors), hath been ever 
continued vnto this present, and that (not only to bee notes of distinction betwixt per- 
sons of eminence and estimation and the nieer vulgar and Mechanick), but to incite 
others to the study of vertue and noble Chivalry, to preserue their descents and 
Genealogies from confusion, and to debarre the illegitimate, or any others, from vnlaw- 
full intrusion into their inheritances. Whereas, therefore, the Honorable Sir Robert 



160 SIR ROBERT STERLING, KNIGHT, 1649. 

Sterling, Knight, Governor of the Citty and County of Corke, President of the Coun- 
eell of Warre, Sargent Maior General! of his Majesties Forces in the said Province of 
Munster, and one of his Majesties Coimcell in the said Province, beeing descended 
from the right noble and most ancient family of the Sterlings (of great Antiquity, 
Barons of Glorate in the Kingdome of Scotland), viz. — as fowerth sonne of William 
Sterling of The Lawe, in the Sherifdonie of Lenox, in Scotlairde, sonne of William 
Sterling, Baron of Glorate, in the said Realnie. hath desired me (that according to the 
duty of my place) I should set forth and Emblazon his Atcheiuement, as hee the said 
Sir Egbert Sterling (his present dignity considered) may properly beare the same, 
without deminution of his owne honnour, or iniury to his name or family : In consi- 
deration whereof, I do hereby (as proper unto mine office) think fitt to publish and 
declare, that I find by most authentick proofes and Records, that he the said Sir Robert 
Sterling is very nobly descended for very many generations, both by the paternall and 
Maternall line, and allso for as many generations, that his Ancestors, and their 
descendants allso in the Collaterall lines, haue borne for their Paternall Coat Armor, 
Argent, on a Bend engrailed Azure, three Buckles, Or, with their severall due differ- 
ences according to the Lawes of Armes ; which said Coat Armor was for Martiall 
service (att a Battle neer Sterling in Scotland) giuen to one of the said Sir Robert 
Sterling's Ancestors, by one of his Majesties Prsedecessers King of Scots), and that 
hee may (with his due Armoriall difference) beare the said Armes, as descended unto 
him from his said Ancestors ; But forasmuch as the said Sir Robert Sterling hath 
lately receiued the honorable order of Knighthood, from the most honorable James, 
Lord Marques of Ormond, Lord Lieutenant Generall, and Generall Governour of Ire- 
land, not only for his Martiall Prowes, his approued valour showne in Battells and 
Skirmishes, his singular abilities manifested in the execution of his severall Martiall 
Commands, in his Majesties service since the yeere of our Lord, 1641, in which hee 
hath been wounded to the great effusion of his blood, and weakning of his body, but 
allso for his most constant loyalty and fidelity to our late most gracious Soveraigne 
Lord King Charles of ever most blessed memory, and allso to our most sacred and 
dread Soveraigne Lord King Charles the 2d now raigneing ouer us, and in all his said' 
services and Commands, not only well acted the part of a most expert Martiallist, but 
of a rightwellaccomplished Statesman, as by his severall discoveries and prevention of 
divers horrid treasons intended against his said Soveraignes ; but allso of severall con- 
spiracies of R.ebells against the person of his Excellency the said Lord Lieutenant of 
Ireland, and the righthonorable Murrough Obrian Baron of Inchequin, Lord President 
of Munster, and Generall of his Majesties Forces in the said Province, and all his 



SIR ROBERT STERLING, KNIGHT, 1649. 161 

Majesties subjects adhereing unto them, as the same is most manifestly knowne, the 
circumstancies thereof beeing too large to bee here set downe (as matter more proper 
for the Chronicles of the present age), I haue therefore, that the Remembrance of 
his said great and most faithful] services may by some lasting Monuments of honor 
bee recommended unto posterity) thought fitt (of mine owne free accord) in consi- 
deration of his said services, not to set forth his said Amies with the moderne and 
ordinary difference proper unto him, but to augment his said Goat Armor, with a 
Canton Gules, charged with a Sword holding a Crowne on the point thereof proper, 
betwixt a Thistle and Harpe, Or ; and I doe hereby farther declare that hee may 
lawfully beare (as descended unto him from his Ancestors aforesaid), for his Creast 
(on a Helnie befitting his Dignity) and a Coronet, An armed Arme and hand, hold- 
ing an arming sword proper : to which allso I haue thought fitt to add (as a 
farther Remembrance of his said Martiall services), to bee borne on the said sword, a 
Lawrell Crowne, proper ; as the same is depicted on the Margent ; And for his Motto 
(being the same of his Ancestors) Gang Tiirovgh, Mantled Gules, doubled Argent ; 
All which said Atcheiuement, I the said Vluester King of Amies (by the power and 
authority granted vnto mee under the great Seale of Ireland), do hereby ratcfy and 
confirme unto the said Sir Robert Sterling, and his posterity for ever, to be by him and 
them used and borne (with moderne or other due differences according to the Lawe of 
Armes) ; And doe hereby allso (by the power and authority aforesaid) giue and graunt 
unto him and them, full power and authority to display shewforth or Emblazon the 
said Atcheiuement, or to cause the same to bee depicted in Standerts, Bannerols, 
Banners, Trumpetbanners, Guidhoms, Penons, Ensignes, Drums, Wagons, Tents, 
Sheilds, Targes, or to bee embrodered on Coat Armours, Sumpturcs, Cooperisons, or 
any other ornaments, Martiall or Civile ; or to bee engraven or Carved on Monuments, 
Seales, Rings, Plate, or any other vtinsells ; or to advance or beare the same in 
Hastiludes, Tiltings, Iousts, Tournaments, or other Martiall exercises ; or to display 
the same att Musterings, Encampings, Single Combats ; or to beare or use the same 
att any time, in any kind, or in any place, as shall befitt his or their present or future 
condition, without the molestation, lett, chalenge, or contradiction of any persons 
whatsoever. In full and ample confirmation of all which, I hereunto subscribe my 
name and title, and affix the publique Scale of mine office, the nynth day of October, 
in the first yeere of the Raigne of our most gracious Soveraigne Lord Charles the 
second (by the Grace of God), King of England, Scotland, France, and Ireland, 
Defender of the faith, etc. 1649. 

W' 1 Roberts Vluester Kiuge of Armes of all Ireland. 

X 



162 SIR ROBERT STERLING, KNIGHT, 1640. 

[On the Margin.'] 

Sir Robert Sterling knight was Ensigne of Foot, Lieutenant of Horse, and Captain 
of Dragooners in Germany, under the command of the King of Sweden, where he 
serued eleuen yeeres. 

Hee was the fowerth of December 1641 made Sargent Maior, and in the same month 
Lieutenant Colonell, by commission from his Excellency James Marques of Ormond, 
then Lieutenant Generall of all his Majesties forces in Ireland. 

He was made Colonell- of Foot the xi th of September 1645, Gouernor of the Citty 
of Corke, President of the Councell of Warre, one of His Majesties Councell, and 
Sargent Maior Generall of his Majestie's Forces in the Prouinee of Munster, etc. 

Hee was knighted att Corke the xii day of Nouember, Anno 1648. 

W™ Roberts Vluester. 

This Patent farther shows from the marginal Pedigrees, that Sir Robert married 
Jane, daughter of Edward Lord Blaney, by whom he had three sons — Captain 
Laurence, Robert, and Edward Sterlings. 

A gallant and distinguished officer, Lieutenant-Colonel Anthony Coningham Ster- 
ling, who kindly communicated the above Patent of Arms to the editor, has also 
supplied him with the following information regarding his own family, which is de- 
scended from William, brother .of Sir Robert Sterling : 

In an old family Bible, the title page of which is wanting, but it bears to be 
printed at London for the Company of Stationers in 1658, the following entries are 
recorded — 

' William Sterling, brother to Sir Robert Sterling, married Miss Poe, daughter to 
' Anthony Poe of Dromgooldstoun, in the county of Lowth, Esq., by whom he had 
' several sons, viz 1 , Anthony, William, Robert, Edward, and John, all of whom died 
' unmarried, except Anthony, who married the daughter of the Reverend Doctor 
' Robert Bredin. Anthony, born 8 October 1656, died 17 November 1723, aged 67. 
1 Blamed Ann Bredin 23 July 1693. She was born 9 January 1675. Died 29 
' April 1713, aged 33. Their youngest son, but one, was named Edward, born on 
' 24 May 1711 (died 1777).' This last date is in the handwriting of his grandson, 
the late Edward Sterling, father of the present Colonel A. C. Sterling. 

Edward Sterling, born 24th May 1711, was clerk to the Irish House of Commons, 
married Mrs. Catherine Forgusson 9th November 1734, who was born 23rd June 1712. 
They had a son — 



EDWARD STERLING, &C, 1740-1857. 163 

The Rev. Anthony Sterling, born 15th July 1740. He married Miss Wallace, 
daughter of an American loyalist, by whom he had a son — 

Edward Sterling, who was born on 27th February 1773. He was the author of 
the Letters of Vetus, which appeared in the ' Times' newspaper in 1812, and he was 
connected with that paper for many years, during which he wrote the leading articles, 
which were known by the name of the ' Thunderers.' He conducted the policy of 
the ' Times' during the agitation of the Catholic Emancipation and Corn Law 
questions. He married, on 5th April 1804, Hester, only daughter of John Coning- 
ham, merchant in Derry, and Elizabeth Campbell, of the Campbells of Sunderland 
in Isla. Hester died on 18th April 1843, two hours before her daughter-in-law, 
Susannah, the wife of her son John. Edward and Hester Sterling had three sons 
and a daughter — Anthony, John, and Edward. The latter died young, and in the 
same week with an infant sister. 

The following is a list of the works of Edward Sterling — 

Views of Military Reform, second edition, 1811. 

Letters of Vetus, from March 10th to May 10th 1812. 

Part II., from 1st July to 10th November 1812. 

Part III., with some letters under different signatures, published 

in the course of the year 1813, 3 vols. 8vo. London, 1812-1814. ' These letters 
were reprinted from the Times. 

Lieutenant-Colonel Anthony Coningham Sterling, eldest son of Edward, was the 
first brigade major to the first Highland Brigade. He afterwards successively held 
the following appointments — assistant adjutant-general to Sir Colin Campbell, in 
command of the joint Anglo-Turkish division which held the lines of Balaklava in the 
Crimea during the winter of 1854-5; assistant adjutant-general to the First Division, 
consisting of the Brigade of Guards and of the Highland Brigade ; assistant adjutant- 
general to the Highland Division, when commanded by Sir Colin Campbell ; assistant 
adjutant-general to Sir Colin when in command of a corps d'armee, which never was 
properly formed in consequence of the peace. For his services he was made C. B. and 
an officer of the Legion of Honour. He is now assistant adjutant-general to Sir 
Colin Campbell, inspector-general of infantry. 

John Sterling, second son of Edward, was born at Kames Castle, Bute, on 20th July 
1806. He married, on 2nd November 1830, Susannah, eldest daughter of General Bar- 
ton, formerly colonel of the Life Guards. They had three sons and four daughters 
— 1. Edward-Coningham, born 14th October 1831; 2. Charles-Frederick-Evelyn, 



164 



JOHN STEELING, 1806-1844. 



born 8th March 1839 ; 3. John-Barton, born 12th October 1840 ; 4. Anna -Charlotte, 
born 15th February 1833 ; 5. Katharine-Susan, bom 2nd December 1834 ; 6. Julia- 
Maria, born 26th March 1836 ; 7. Hester-Isabella, born 14th April 1843. Susannah 
Barton died on 18th April 1843, two hours after her mother-in-law. 

John Sterling died at Ventnor, Isle of Wight, on 18th September 1844, and was 
buried at Bonchurch. He was the author of several literary productions, chiefly 
poems and essays ; and he was so highly esteemed by his literary friends, that they 
founded in memory of him a club, called the Sterling Club, which numbered amongst 
its members many of the most distinguished of his contemporaries. His life was 
written, first in 1848, by Archdeacon Hare, and again by Thomas Carlyle, 8vo., 1851, 
second edition, 1852. The principal works of John Sterling are — 

Arthur Coningsby, a Novel, 1833. Poems. Fcap. 8vo. London, 1839. 

The Election; a Poem, in Seven Books (published anonymously). Fcap. 8vo. London, 1841. 

Strafford; a Tragedy. Fcap. 8vo. London, 1843. 

Essays and Tales; with Memoir of his Life. Collected and Edited by Julius Charles Hare. 2 vols. 
8vo. London, 1848. 




Arms of Sir Robert Sterling, 1C49, as described on pp. 159-161. 



165 



VII. STIRLING OF BALLAGAN, 

IN THE PARISH OF STRATHBLANE AND COUNTY OF STIRLING. 



In the account of the Stirlings of Glorat, given in Playfair's British Family 
Antiquity, it is stated, that the first Stirling of Ballagan was Walter, second 
son of William Stirling of Glorat ; but this is erroneous, as the earliest char- 
ter of Ballagan shows, that William of Glorat and Walter of Ballagan, were 
brothers-german, and not father and son. 

I. Walter Striuelyng, first of Ballagan. William Strivelyng of Glorat 
granted a charter on 5th June 1522, 1 to his brother-german, Walter Striue- 
lyng and Eufame Birsbane, his spouse, of the west half of the lands of Bal- 
lagan, extending to a forty shilling land of old extent, then lying in the 
earldom of Lennox, and shire of Dumbarton, to be held of William, for six 
merks Scots and four bolls four pecks farm bear yearly. Walter and Eufame 
were infeft of the same date. 3 

' Walter Stryuelyng of Bavlagan' granted a reversion, without date, to his 
' derrest broder germane, William Stryuelyng of Glorat,' of the Kirklands of 
Strathblane. 3 Walter Striueling of Ballagane was curator of Andrew Cunyng- 
hame, son and heir of the deceased Walter Cunynghame of Blarquheis, on 25th 
October 1535, when they granted a precept for mfefting Walter Buchqukannan 
of Spittaill and Isabella Cunyghame, his spouse, in the lands of Blairwoike. 4 

Walter Striveling made his will on 6th June 1549, and died on the same 
day. In the inventory of Ms debtors and debts, given up by Eufanie Birsbane, 
Ms relict, and confirmed by the Archbishop of Glasgow, James Striueling of 
Keyr is a debtor for £10, and Walter is stated to be clue 270 merks, as 
the tocher of CMistian Striueling, probably Ms daughter, according to the 
tenor of the contract between her and Walter Cambell of Auchinhowe. 5 



1 Charter in Ballagan Charter Chest. * Leny Writs. 

2 Sasine in Ballagan Charter Chest. 5 Register of Testaments in the Diocese of Glas- 

3 At Glorat. gow. ' Ego vero Valterns Striveling, egcr corpore 



166 STIRLING OF BALLAGAN. 

His eldest son and successor was — 

II. Lucas Striueling of Ballagan, who was one of his father's executors 
in 1549. He was curator to Marion Stirling in 1554. 1 Andrew Stirling of 
Portnellan-Haliday, granted a charter on 4th May 1564, to his beloved 
cousin Luke Stirling and Jonet Edmestoun, his spouse, in conjunct liferent, 
and to John Stirling their son and heir-apparent, and his heirs and assignees 
in fee, of the lands of Wester Baldorrane. 3 He married Janet Edmastoun, 
who, with consent of Luke Stirling, resigned to James Stirling of Keir their 
infeftment of Ballindroch on 22nd October 1564. 3 

III. Walter Striueling of Ballagan, who was a witness to a reversion in 
favour of Sir James Stirling of Keir, dated 25th May 1569. 4 Walter Striueling 
of Ballagan was fined £100 for non-appearance of the panels, for whom he had 
become surety, that they should enter themselves before the justiciar on 31st 
January 1570, and underly the law, for the traitorous detention of the tower 
or fortalice of Perdowye, against the King and his Kegent, and also for their 
remaining at home from the raid at Linlithgow. 5 Walter was tried for being- 
art and part with William Striueling of Glorat, and others, of the slaughter of 
Malcolm Kincaid. 6 He married Janet Graham, and died on 24th December 
1597, as appears by his will, dated the 17th of that month, and confirmed 
4th July 1599, and in which his wife is one of his executors, along with 
John Stirling, elder of Craigbarnet, and John Stirling, elder of Glorat. 

• sanus tamen mente, condo testamentum meum in ' Galbraith, et Artluire Hamiltone, cum diuersis 
' hunc modum ; inprimis, do et lego auimam meara ' aliis : Teste mea manuali subscriptione Johannes 
' Deo Onmipotenti, corpusque meum sepeliendum ' Litiljohne capellanus manu propria.' 

' fore in bumo Sancti Mathani, et quatuor denarios Walter Stirling of Ballagan bad a ' carnal 

' fabrice Sancti Kentigerni: Item, lego ordino et ' daughter,' Katberine Stirling, who received a life- 

' constituo fore meos executores Eufamiam Birsbane, rent charter, in 1545, from John Colquhoun of Kil- 

' meam sponsam, et Lucam Striueling meum filium. mardiuny, of half of his lands of Kilmardinny, 

' Residuum vero omnium bonorum meorum lego ' propter speciales fauores et amores quos habeo ct 

• Eufamie Birsbane mee sponse, vt ipsa disponat pro ' gero erga honestam puellam ac dilectam meam, 
' salute anime mee, vt velit rendere coram summo ' et benemerita michi per eandem et suos amicos 
' judice in extremo judicio. ' impensa.' She had a brother, John Stu-ling. 

' Factum fuit hoc testamentum apud Strablane, (Dcnnistoun MSS.) 

' die, mense, et anno quibus supra, per me Domi- ' Keir Inventory. - Glorat Writs. 

' num Johannem Litiljohne capellanum, coram hiis 3 Keir Inventory, p. 82. '* Ibid., p. 83. 

' testibus, viz. — Domino Gilberto Provane, Johanne 5 Criminal Trials, i. 22. n Ibid., i. 08. 



GEORGE STIRLING, 4c, 1602-1668. 167 

IV. George Stirling of BaUagan. He witnessed a discharge by Sir 
Archibald Stirling of Keir, dated 24th May 1602. 1 George died in July 1615 
intestate, and an inventory of his effects was given up by Jonet Stirling, 
Ms relict, on behalf of Jeane, Elizabeth, Jonet, and Agnes Stirling's, Iris lawful 
bairns and executors-dative. 2 George was succeeded by his son — 

V. Walter Stirling, who was served heir to his father in BaUagan on 
22nd August 1618. 3 He was probably father of — 

VI. Walter Stirling of BaUagan. A letter from him, dated 19th July 
1662, to Sir George Stilling, first baronet of Glorat, advising Sir George to 
take a second wife, is printed in the Correspondence. 4 He married Margaret 
Logan, by whom Iris eldest son was — 

VII. John Stirling of BaUagan. On 13th February 1655, Walter Stirling 
of BaUagan granted a charter, whereby, in implement of a contract of marriage, 
dated 19th January preceding, betwixt him and John Stirling, his eldest lawful 
son, and James Stirling, chamberlain of Mugdock, for himself, and Jean Stirling, 
his eldest lawful daughter, he dispones the lands of BaUagan and HiU of Dum- 
glas to his son John, Jean Stirling, his future spouse, and their heirs. Walter 
reserved the liferent to himself and to Margaret Logane, his spouse, of the 
lands in which she was infeft, conform to their contract of marriage. 5 John 
Stirling died before 20th March 1668, on which date Mr. James Stirling of 
Bankell, and Mr. Walter Stirling, minister at Baldernock, as tutors, cura- 
tors, and overseers, ' of the orphans of iirnquhU John Stirling of BaUagane,' 
required Sir Mungo Stirling of Glorat, then at the New HaU of Craigbarnet, 
to pay a certain sum owing by him. 

A charter was granted by Sir Mungo Stirling of Glorat, Knight, with con- 
sent of John Stirling, son to the deceased John Stirling of Craigbarnet, ' my 

1 At Glorat. ' An erect stone, on the north side of the turnpike 

2 Glasgow Commissary Register. ' road to Campsie, marks the spot, where, two 

3 Printed Retours for Stirlingshire, No. 01. ' centuries ago, Mr. Stirling of BaUagan was killed 

4 No. 262, p. 497. According to a notice in the ' by a miller of the name of Abernethie.' 
New Statistical Account of the parish of Strath- 5 BaUagan Writs. 

blane, a Laird of BaUagan was killed by a miller. c Glorat Writs. 



168 



STIRLING OF BALLAGAN. 



' sonne-in-law, and Mary Stirling his spouse/ whereby they set in feu-farm 
to John Stirling, fiar of Ballagan, and Jean Stirling his spouse, the lands 
of Easter Ballagan. This charter is dated 11th and 19th March 1657. 1 
John Stirling of Ballagan was succeeded by his eldest son- — 

VIII. James Stirling of Ballagan. He obtained a precept of clare constat 
from William Stirling of Law, superior of Ballagan, for infefting him as 
heir of John Stirling, his father, on 29th August 1684. 2 He was a gold- 
smith in Glasgow. He married Mary Napier, who survived him, and was 
living in 1728. They had a son James, and a daughter Jean, to whom her 
brother James was served heir-general on 29th November 1756. 3 



IX. James Stirling of Ballagan. His father having died in embarrassed 
circumstances, a ranking and sale of Ballagan was brought by the creditors, 
which depended for twenty-five years, when a separate action was brought by 
James Stirling as heir-apparent of his father. Under this judicial sale, he 
in 1728 purchased back Ballagan for £16,100 Scots after a keen competition. 
In the year 1756, he sold Ballagan to Thomas Graham, merchant in Glasgow, 



whose descendant is now John Graham of Ballagan. 



1 Ballagan Writs. 



2 Ibid. 



3 Ibid. 




The Seal from which this woodcut is taken, is appended to precept by Walter Stirling 
of Ballagane, dated 25th October 1535, and is referred to on page 165. 



169 



VIII. STIRLING OF AUCHYLL, 

IN THE PARISH OF POET, STEWAETEY OF MENTEITH, AND 

COUNTY OF PERTH. 1 



The Stirlings of Auchyll are stated by Crawford, in his Remarks on the 
Ragman Roll, to be descended from the Stirlings of Cawder. The earliest 
proprietor of Auchyll of the name of Stirling who has been discovered, is — 

I. Thomas Stirling of Auchyll, who was infeft in these lands on 10th 
November 1498, by the Mair of Monteith, in terms of a Precept of Sasine, 
directed to him from Chancery. 3 Thomas had a charter from King James 
IV. of the same lands, upon his own resignation, on 3rd November 1509. 3 
He was succeeded in Auchyll by his eldest son — 

II. Walter Stirling of Auchyll. By charter, dated 18th July 1531, 
Thomas Stirling of Auchyll gave to Walter Stirling, his eldest son and appa- 
rent heir, and Isabella Grrahame, his spouse, and the heirs of their marriage, 
the lands of Auchyll, on which charter the grantees were infeft on the 19th 
July following. Walter was probably the father of James and John. The 
latter witnessed a sasine, in favour of Robert Buchanan of Leny, dated 5th 
July 1575.* 

III. James Stirling of Auchyll, who witnessed a reversion in 1564, by 
William Stirling of Ardoch, and another in 1566. He had three sons — 
1. William, who succeeded him. 2. James, who is a witness to a contract 

1 The old mausion-house or Castle of Auchyll four ladies, of the name of Stirling. The site is 

has long since disappeared. It stood about two correctly' noted in Timothy Pont's Map of the 

miles north-west of the Lake of Monteith, and a Lennox. 

little higher than the present farm house of Auchyll. 2 Auchyll "Writs : Buchanan (or Montrose) Charter 

The present tenant (1856) remembers hearing, Chest, 

that the last occupants of the mansion-house were 3 Ibid. 4 Leny Writs. 



170 STIRLING OF AUCHYLL. 

by his brother William in 1602. 1 James Stirling, ' second son of the deceased 
1 James Stirling of Auchyll, and servitour to Sir Archibald Stirling' of Keir,' 
got a discharge from the latter, on 18th March 1607. 2 James Stirling, 
second son of James Stirling of Auchyll, had a natural son, John Stirling, 
who witnessed the charter by William Stirling of Auchyll (IV.) to his eldest 
son James (V.). dated 5th September 1627. 3. Alexander. The latter wit- 
nessed a deed of conveyance by the Earl of Mar in 1614. 

James Stirling (III.) witnessed a decree-arbitral concerning the marches of 
Lenrick on 2nd June 1592 : 3 he must have died soon thereafter, because in 
the retour of his son William, as his heir in Auchyll, dated 31st March 1606, 
these lands are stated to have been in the king's hands, through nonentry 
since his death, fourteen years before. He was succeeded by his eldest son — 

IV. William Stirling of Auchyll, who was served heir to his father in 
the lands of Auchyll, &c, before the Stewart of Monteith, on 31st March 
1606. 4 He, with consent of Marion Sinclair, his first spouse, renounced two 
annualrents out of the lands of Blaquharn and Hayistoun to Sir Archibald 
Stirling of Keir, on 30th August 1608. 5 William Stirling is presumed to 
have been ' the Barone of Achyll,' mentioned in a warrant under the hand 
of the Lord Chancellor, 10th June 1623. 6 William Stirling of Auchyll was 
on the War Committee, 1644. He married, 2ndly, Janet Peiblis, who pre- 
deceased him before 1627, and had by her two sons — 1. James, his successor ; 
and 2. John. John, second lawful son of William Stirling of Auchyll, wit- 
nessed a charter by the latter to James Stirling his (William's) son, 5th 
September 1627. John Stirling had a Crown-charter of the lands of Sheref- 
hall, in the county of Edinburgh, dated 28th January 1631, and another of 
the lands of Coldochs, on 28th January 1632. 7 Elizabeth Lundy was spouse 
of William Stirling of Auchyll on 4th August 1630. Their eldest son, Archi- 
bald, appears to have got the lands of Coldoch from his brother John 
before 1652. He was also proprietor of Herbertshire. 

V. James Stirling, who got the lands of Auchyll from his father William, 

1 Contract at Keir. " At Keir. 5 At Keir. c Criminal Trials, iii. 552. 

2 Keir Writs. •' Auchyll Writs. " Reg. Mag. Sig. 



WILLIAM STIRLING, &c, 1662-1680. 171 

by charter dated 5th September 1627, on which James was infeft on the 13th 
of the same month. 1 James Stirling of Auchyll was on the War Committee 
in 1643. He married, contract dated 19th February 1630, Margaret, sister 
of John Haldane of Gleneagles, and had three sons — 1. William Sterling of 
Herbertshire ; 2. George of Auchyll and Herbertshire ; 3. Alexander, also 
of Auchyll and Herbertshire. James Stirling had also a daughter married 
to Alexander Short. He seems to have died in chfficulties, between 1653 
and 1662. 

VI. i. William Stirling, apparent heir of Auchyll. By decreet dated 
5th July 1662, obtained by Mr. Andrew Birnie, advocate, against ' William 
' Stirling of Herbertshire, sone and apparent heir to umquhile James Stirling 
' of Auchyle, his father, and oye and apparent heir to umquhile William 
1 Stirling of Auchyle his gudshir,' the lands of Auchyll were adjudged from 
William. 2 He was proprietor of Herbertshire, and appears to have died with- 
out issue after 1667. He was succeeded by his immediate younger brother, 

VI. 2. George Stirling of Auchyll and Herbertshire. He acquired Auchyll 
from Mr. Andrew Birnie the adjudger, by disposition, dated 8th August 1665, 
to George Stirling, second lawful son of the deceased James Stirling of 
Auchyll, on which George was infeft on 2nd October 1665. George Stirling 
obtained a charter of Auchyll on 8th July 1676. 3 On 30th March 1678, 
he, with consent of Jean Murray, otherwise Creighton, his spouse, disponed 
Auchyll, &c, to his brother-german, Alexander. George Stirling married, 
about 1677, Jean Murray or Crichton, ' who was the eldest daughter and co- 
' heiress of Sir Bobert Murray abas Crichton of Cockpool, Knight, who was 
' executor and universal disponee of James Murray, last Earl of Annandale.' 4 
George Stirling and Jean Miu'ray had three sons and two daughters- — 

1. William of Herbertshire, who died without surviving issue. 

2. John, who purchased Auchyll. 

3. George of Byres, in the parish of St. Martin and county of Perth. 
He was a surgeon in Perth. He died on 31st January 1750, and his 

1 Aucliyll Writs. -Ibid. 3 Ibid. Stirling of Duchray ami Auchyll, 21st April 1708. 

1 Patent of Arms to Colonel Alexander Graham (Duchray Charter Chest.) 



172 STIRLING OF AUCHYLL. 

widow died on 20th October 1763. They had one son, George of Byres, 
a student of medicine, who died on 31st August 1750, without issue, and 
was succeeded by his uncle John. 

4. Margaret married, contract dated 8th September 1718, Alexander 
Graham of Duchray, and was the mother of John Graham of Duchray, who 
was the father of the late General Graham Stirling of Duchray and Auchyll. 

5. Daughter, mentioned by John Stirling as ' Sister Campbell,' on 14th 
June 1736. 1 

VI. 3. Alexander Stirling of Auchyll. He obtained a Crown-charter 
of resignation, on the disposition by his brother George, dated 20th February 
1680, on which he was infeft on 19th August thereafter. 3 He was con- 
tracted in marriage, on 13th December 1681, to ' Mrs. Margaret Grahame, 
' second dochter to William Earle of Monteith,' who was a consenter, and 
gave a tocher of 4000 merks Scots. 3 Alexander died in June 1715, and 
was succeeded by his only son — 

VII. l. William Stirling of Auchyll. He was retoured- eldest lawful son 
and heir of his father, Alexander Stirling of Auchyll, on 9th March 1727, 
and infeft on 15th September following. He sold Auchyll to Lieutenant 
John Stirling, brother to William Stirling of Herbertshire (and cousin of 
William the disponer). In the disposition thereof, which is dated 9th De- 
cember 1718, William Stirling of Auchyll is styled only lawful son and 
heir to the deceased Alexander Stirling of Auchyll. 

VII. 2. Captain John Stirling of Auchyll. He was second son of George 
Stirling of Herbertshire, and was originally of Bellwill, in the parish of Dry- 
men, at which there is still a mound, called ' Lady Stirling's Knowe.' He 
purchased Auchyll from his cousin William in 1718. By disposition, dated 
3rd July 1739, he conveyed Auchyll to himself in liferent, and to George, 
Henry, and John Stirling's, his eldest, second, and third sons, and the heirs- 

1 Letter at Ardoch. - Auchyll Writs. her elder sister, are mentioned by any of the peerage 

3 Original Contract in Auchyll Charter Chest writers, who all state her father to have died without 
(Mr. Graham Stirling's). Neither this lady, nor issue. 



GEORGE STIRLING, &c, 1756-1849. 173 

male of their bodies respectively, in fee. The two latter died before 1754 
without issue. He married Christian, daughter of Sir William Stirling of 
Ardoch. He died at his seat of Herbertshire on 15th January 1756, at an 
advanced age. 1 He had the three sons above stated, and an only daughter, 
Jean, who afterwards succeeded. 

VIII. l. George Stirling succeeded his father in Auchyll, and died 
without issue on 4th July 1760. He was succeeded by his only sister — 

VIII. 2. Jean Stirling of Auchyll. She obtained a precept from Chancery, 
dated 30th October 1761, for infefting her as only sister-german, and nearest 
heir of George Stirling, her brother, in the lands of Auchyll, ' In respectu 
' quod dictus Capitaneus Joannes Stirling et dicti Georgius, Henricus, et 
' Joannes Stirling eius filii, omnes nunc mortui sunt, absque hasredibus 
' rnasculis ex eorurn corporibus.' 2 Jean Stirling married, 1st, at Edinburgh 
on 28th January 1751, Sir James Stirling of Glorat, without issue. 2nd, 
the Honourable James Erskine of Alva, also without issue. She conveyed 
Auchyll to Mr. Erskine, her husband, and John Graham of Duchray in 
liferent, and Alexander Graham, his eldest son in fee, by disposition and 
settlement, dated 29th July 1790. Lady Stirling is referred to in the account 
of the Glorat Family. She died 24th September 1797, and was succeeded by, 

IX. Alexander Graham of Duchray. On his succession to Auchyll he 
assumed the additional name of Stirling. On 8th June 1799, he was retoured 
heir to Dame Jean Stirling of Auchyll, his cousin once removed. On 21st 
April 1798, he obtained a patent of arms from the Lord Lyon, in which he 
is stated to be great grandson and heir of line of Jean Murray and George 
Stirling. Auchyll was given in excambion, in 1822, by him to the late 
Duke of Montrose, whose son, the present Duke, is now the proprietor. 
Alexander Graham Stirling married Margaret, daughter and heiress of 
Colonel James Moncrief of Sauchop, and had issue. Margaret died on 8th 
April 1844, aged 71 years. Her husband died on 2nd April 1849, aged 84 
years, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

1 Scots Magazine, xvii. ",2. - Auchyll Writs. 



174 



STIRLING OF AUCHYLL. 



X. John Graham Stirling now of Duchray and Aucliyll. He was called 
to the Scotch Bar in 1824. 



Armorial Bearings, 




Shield : Quarterly first and fourth, argent, on a Bend engrailed azure 
between two roses, gules, three buckles, or ; Second, or, a dyke or wall broken 
down, in some places, azure between a crescent in the collar point, and a rose 
in base gules, on a chief engrailed sable, three escallops of the field; Third, 
argent a saltire engraded, and on a chief azure, three stars of the field. 

Crest : An eagle displayed, in his dexter talon a sword, and in the sinister 
a pistol, all proper. 

Mottos : Above the crest, ' For Bight,' and below the shield, ' Noctesque 
' Diesque Presto.' 

Supporters : Two Lions, argent, crowned or. 



175 



IX. STIRLING OF HERBERTSHIRE, 

IN THE PARISH OF DUNIPACE, AND COUNTY OF STIRLING, 

CADETS OF AUCHYLL. 



I. John Stirling, second lawful son of William Stirling of Auchyll, witnessed 
a charter by the latter to his son James, dated 5th September 1627. 1 John 
Stirling, son of William Stirling of Auchyll, had a Crown-charter of the lands 
of Herbertshire, dated 1st December 1632 2 John Stirling of Herbertshire 
had also a Crown-charter of the lands of Little Denovan, dated 14th Decem- 
ber 1635. 3 He was one of the inquest on the service of Sir James Livingstoun 
of Kilsyth, as heir-male of his brother's grandson, William Livingstone of Kil- 
syth, 23rd April 1647.* He appears to have been succeeded in Herbertshire, 
before 1664, by his nephew William, eldest son of James Stirling of Auchyll. 

II. l. William Stirling of Herbertshire. He was one of the inquest on 
the service of Sir Archibald Stirling of Garden to Sir George Stirling of Keir, 
on 15th August 1667. He renounced the succession to James and William 
Stirling, his father and grandfather, on 31st October in the same year. 5 As 
superior of the lands of Little Denovan, William Stirling of Herbertshire 
granted to David Forrester of Little Denovan, a charter of these lands, dated 
10th September 1667. 6 He married, contract dated 13th February 1672, 
' Dame Helen Sinclair, Lady Bannockburn,' with consent of her brother- 
gernian, James Sinclair of Roslin. William Stirling died between 1st April 
1768 and 31st December 1679. 7 He had a sister married to Alexander Short. 
William Stirling was succeeded in Herbertshire by his brother. 

II. 2. George Stirling of Herbertshire, second son of James Stirling of 
Auchyll. He had a Crown-charter of Auchyll, dated 8th July 1676, and 
he disponed Auchyll to his brother Alexander in 1678. George Stirling 

1 Auchyll Writs. 5 Glorat Writs. 

2 Great Seal Register. 3 Ibid. c Denovan Inventory in Callendar Charter Chest. 
* Keir Inventory, p. 112. " Ibid., and Auchyll Writs. 



176 



STIRLING OF HERBERT SHIRE. 



of Herbertshire, as superior, granted a charter to David Forrester of the 
lands of Little Denovan, to be hoi den for three blasts of a horn at the house 
of Herbertshire, in name of blench farm, dated 31st December 1679. 1 He 
is named in the testament of Sir John Stirling of Keir, 12th June 1682. 
Jean Crichton, daughter of Sir Eobert Crichton, a brother's son to William, 
Earl of Dumfries, was married to George Stirling, Laird of Herbertshire, 
and had three sons — 1. William, who succeeded him; 2. John, who be- 
came Laird of Auchyll ; 2 3. George, who was a surgeon in Perth in 1715, 
as appears from a discharge of that date, by his brother William, at Glorat ; 
and two daughters, who are noticed in the account of Auchyll. George 
Stirling died between 25th September 1696, and 28th March 1707. 



III. 1. William Stirling of Herbertshire: On 28th March 1707, he was 
retoured heir to Ms father in the lands and barony of Herbertshire. 3 In 1740 
he disponed the lands of Gunnershaw, part of Herbertshire, to Charlotte 
Lady Forrester, widow of George Lord Forrester. ' April 25, 1718, William 
' Stirling of Herbertshire, Esquire, and Lady Lillias Forrester, daughter to 
' the noble Lord William Forrester of Torwoodhead, compeared and gave up 
' their names for proclamation in order to marriage, who being three times pro- 

1 claimed in one Sabbath, and no objection 
■ being made against their said purpose, 
' they were married, April 30th.' 4 They 
had a daughter, baptized Charlotte on 1st 
March 1719, 5 and another, baptized Jean 
on 30th March 1722. 5 These two daughters 
o y/u /i died without issue. William Stirling of 

« \)d@- Herbertshire died before 28th January 

(^Z^ 1751, and was succeeded by Ins brother, 




III. 2. Captain John Stirling of Bellwill, Auchyll and Herbertshire ; an 
account of him is given under Auchyll, No. VII. 2. To him succeeded 

his eldest son, 



1 Denovan Inventory. 

2 Drummond History, p. 



189, and Auchyll Writs. 



3 Denovan Inventory. 

4 Dunipace Session Records. 



Ibid. 



GEORGE STIRLING, &c, 1756-1768. 



177 



IV. 1. George Stirling of Herbertshire and Auchyll : He succeeded his 
father in 1756, and died on 4th July 1760, without issue. He was succeeded 
by his only sister, 

IV. 2. Jean Stirling of Herbertshire and Auchyll : She was married at 
Edinburgh on 28th January 1751, to Sir James Stirling of Glorat, Baronet, 1 
without issue. She sold Herbertshire in 1768 to William Morehead, whose 
grandson sold it in 1836 to the late William Forbes, Esquire of Callendar, 
whose son is the present proprietor. Lady Stirling then purchased the estate 
of Eavelston. 

1 Scots Magazine, xiii. 53. 

Armorial hearings. 




Shield : Argent on a Bend engrailed azure, between two roses gules, 
three Buckles, or. 

Crest : A Boar's Head couped proper. Motto : Gang Forward. 

z 



178 



X. STIRLING OF DRTJMPELLIER, 

IN THE COUNTY OF LANARK. 



In the year 1818, Andrew Stirling of Drumpellier, Esq., obtained a brieve 
from Chancery, directed to the Sheriff of Edinburgh, for procuring himself 
served heir-male in general of Robert Stirling of Bankeir and Lettyr, or 
Lettyr-Stirling, in the county of Stirling, who died in 'the year 1537. 

The claim laid before the inquest, set forth the propinquity of the claimant, 
who prayed to be served nearest and lawful heir-male in general to the said 
deceased Robert Stirling of Bankeyr and Lettyr, ' my great-great-great-great- 
' great-grandfather, who died in the year 1537 ; and whose children, in a 
' judicial proceeding after his death, before the Lords of Council and Session, 
' were expressly declared to be next in succession to Janet Stirling, only 
' daughter and heiress of Andrew Stirling of Cadder, failing heirs of her own 
' body.' 

In support of this claim, the claimant submitted to the jury an abstract of 
the documentary evidence of his propinquity. This abstract was divided into 
two parts, the first containing proofs of the claimant's descent from Robert 
Stirling, and the second containing proofs of the identity of that ancestor with 
the Robert Stirling, whose children were designed by the heiress of Cawder 
next in succession to her, failing heirs of her own body. 

When the claim came to be tried before the Sheriff of Edinburgh and a 
jury, on 18th April 1818, Sir Samuel Stirling of Glorat, Baronet, who ap- 
peared in opposition to the claim, objected to the consideration of that part 
of the brieve and claim which related to the declaration of the heiress of 
Cawder in favour of the children of Robert Stirling. The Sheriff-substitute 
sustained the objection, and pronounced an interlocutor, finding, ' that the 
' claim cannot go to the jury to any other effect than to that of serving the 
' claimant nearest and lawful heir-male in general to Robert Stirling, who 
1 died in the year 1537.' 



179 

The jury having considered the claim thus restricted, served the claimant 
heir-male in general to Eobert Stirling of Bankeir and Lettyr. 

The claimant protested, that it was still competent to him to bring forward 
the second branch of his claim in another shape ; and he averred, that if he 
succeeded, it would then follow, ' that the claimant is the undoubted repre- 
' sentative of the ancient house of Gadder.' 

The claimant never followed out his protest, or carried his case further ; 
and it may be held, that he failed to establish his claim to be heir-male of 
the Sth'lings of Cawder. 

The propinquity of the claimant was thus stated in his claim — 

I. Kobebt Stirling of Bankeyr and Lettyr. He married Marion Fleming 
of Boghall, and had two sons, John, and William of Bankeyr, who married 
Elizabeth Stewart, and died in 1575, leaving two daughters, Elizabeth and 
Barbara. 1 

II. John Stirling of Lettyr and Bakmharrage. 2 He married Beatrix, 
daughter of George Elphinstone of Blythswood, and had eight sons and two 
daughters — 1. Bobert, of Lettyr and Balquharrage, married, 1st, Mary 
Stirling ; 3 2nd, Jean Guthrie. 2. George, notary in Glasgow, married Marion 
Watson. 3. William, merchant in Glasgow, married, 1st, Helen Loch, 2nd, 
Janet Young ; he died in 1621. 4. Andrew, merchant in Edinburgh, married 

1 John Striuiling of Lettir had a sister, ' Jane John Stirling was George Stirling, one of the ma- 
' Striuiling,' in whose favour Archibald Sterling of gistrates of Glasgow. He married Helen, daughter 
Keir, and ' Jane Lady Keyr,' granted a precept to of the Rev. Robert Fleming of Kirkintilloch, by 
their tenants in Ballindrocht to pay her yearly ' thre whom he had the five sons, who are mentioned in 
' bollis ait meill,' which is said by a subsequent pre- the following lines — 

cept to be ' ane pension assignit to hir for suporting ' Here lyes interrd, under this stone, 

' hir honestle :' These precepts are dated 10th Fe- ' The Corpse of Mungo, Robert and John, 

bruary 1580, and 1st May 15'J1. (Bardowie Writs.) ' Walter and William, for whom alone 

2 Bethara, in his Baronage (IV. 421), gives an ' I many times do sigh and groan.' 

account of the Stirlings of Garnkirk, in the barony The John Stirling in Garnkirk, mentioned by 

and regality of Glasgow, as descended from John Betham, was punished for interrupting the cele- 

Stirling, a son of Balquharrage, who feued from bration of the Sacrament in Cawder Church : Vide 

the Commendator of Glasgow the lands of Garn- note, p. 70. 

kirk in 1587- He married Isabel Boyd of Baden- 3 She was daughter of John Stirling of Glorat, 

heath, and had several sons, who came after the and was married to Robert Stirling in 158fi. Vide 

sale of Garnkirk to Glasgow. The grandson of Glorat Family. 



180 STIRLING OF DRUMPELLIER. 

Margaret Smith, and died in 1631. The claimant stated, that there was 
' no surviving issue ' of these four sons. 5. Ninian, died young. 6. Walter, 
of whom afterwards. 7. Malcolm, merchant in Glasgow, married Katherine 
Davidson, and had issue a daughter, Margaret. 8. James. 9. Margaret, 
married Archibald Haggate, town-clerk of Glasgow. 10. Elizabeth, married 
John Graham of Killearn, and had issue two sons. 

III. Walter Stirling, merchant, Glasgow, married Helen Wemyss, and 
had three sons and two daughters — 1. John. 2 and 3. George and Andrew, 
both died unmarried. 4 and 5. Helen and Jean, also both died unmarried. 
Walter died in 1656, and was succeeded by 

IV. John Stirling, merchant, Glasgow, born 1615, married Janet Nelson, 
and had five sons and one daughter — 1. John. 2. William, bailie of the 
regality of Glasgow, married Euphan Cuninghame, and had a son, John, 
also bailie of the regality, who married, but left no male issue. 3. Henry. 
4. Walter. 5. James. 6. Marion. These three sons and the daughter all 
died unmarried. He died in 1648, and was succeeded by his eldest son, 

V. John Stirling, merchant in Glasgow. Born in 1640. He married 
Janet Campbell and had three sons — 1 . John. 2. Dr. William, a surgeon in 
Glasgow, born 1682 ; married, 1st, Janet Smith, and 2nd, Elizabeth Murdoch, 
by whom he had one son, Walter, who was born in 1723, became a bailie of 
Glasgow, and died unmarried in 1791. Dr. William had also one daughter, 
who was married to Patrick Nisbet ; their daughter was married to L. Din- 
woodie, merchant in Glasgow. 3. Walter, ancestor of the Stirling's of Faskine, 
which see, under No. XI. John (V.) died in 1709, and was succeeded by his 
eldest son, 

VI. John Stirling, merchant and Provost of Glasgow. Born 1677. Mar- 
ried Isabella Hunter, and had four sons and two daughters — 1. James Stir- 
ling, minister in Glasgow, born 1709, died 1772, S. P. 2. Walter, merchant 
in Glasgow, born 1714, and died 1758, unmarried. 3. William, of whom 
afterwards. 4. Edward, born 1719, was a goldsmith in Glasgow, and died in 



WILLIAM STIRLING, &C, 1717-1818. 181 

1743, unmarried. 5. Isabella, born 1704, married Andrew Aiton, merchant 
in Glasgow, and had one daughter, Margaret, who married Andrew Black- 
burn, merchant, there. 6. Janet, born 1707, married Robert Luke, merchant, 
Glasgow, and had three daughters — Isabella, Elizabeth, and Janet, married 
respectively to George Bogle, James Yeaman, and Robert Craufurd. Provost 
Stirling appears to have died in 1736, as in a letter from Captain John 
Stirling of Auchvll, dated in June of that year, he mentions the death of 
' honest kind Provost Stirling.' 

VII. William Stirling, merchant in Glasgow, born 1717, married Mary 
Buchanan ; issue four sons and three daughters — 1. Andrew of Drumpellier. 
2. John of Tilly chewan, married Janet Bogle. 3. James of Stair, married 
Margaret Murdoch. 4. George, died unmarried. 5. Marion, married Robert 
Mackay, merchant in Glasgow. 6. Elizabeth, married William Hamilton, 
Professor of Astronomy in the University of Glasgow, and had two sons, the 
elder of whom was the late Sir William Hamilton of Preston, Baronet, Pro- 
fessor of Logic in the University of Edinburgh. 7. Agnes, married to Dugald 
Bannatyne, merchant, Glasgow, and had issue. 

VIII. Andrew Stirling of Drumpellier, the claimant, married Anne, 
daughter of Sir Walter Stirling of Faskine, Knight. 1 Although Mr. Stirling 
failed in establishing before the Sheriff and the jury, to whom his claim was 
submitted, that the Robert Stirling to whom he was served heir-male, was 
the same Robert Stirling who is referred to in the declaration by the heiress 
of Cawder, the Lord Lyon seems to have had little scruple in taking this for 
granted, and awarded to him Arms with Supporters, under the following 
Patent, which is dated 18th August 1818.'- ' Andrew Stirling, Esquire of 
' Drumpelher, seventh in lineal descent, and by retour to Chancery, dated 
' 18th April 1818, nearest and lawful heir-male of the body of Robert Stirling 
' of Bankeyr, and Letter or Lettyr-Stirling, in the county of Stirling, who was 
' killed in a feud in the year 1587, and whose children, in a judicial procedure 
' after his death, in presence of the Lords of Council and Session, were expressly 

1 The fifth son of this marriage is Sir James the Red in 1855. [Dod's Knightage, 1857, p. 
Stilling, Knight, who became Rear-Admiral of 518.] 2 L3 T on Register, vol. ii. p. 181. 



182 



STIRLING OF DRTJMrELLIER. 



declared (failing issue of her own body, which happened accordingly), to he 
nest in succession to Janet Stirling, only daughter and heiress of Andrew 
Stirling of Cader, the last direct representative of the house of Cader, or of 
that ilk; which descended from the powerful Barons of the Carse, whose 
paternal ancestor Willelinus Filius Thoraldi Yicecomes de Strivelyn 1 (from 
which office the name was derived), possessed the lands of Cawder as early as 
the reign of William the Lion, which commenced in the year 1165 — Bears, 
Argent on a Bend sable, three buckles of the field : Crest ; issuing out of an 
antique coronet or, a Hart's Head couped azure — Motto above the crest: 
' Gang Forward.' Motto below the crest : ' Castrum et Numen Strivelense ; ' 
supporters : two Caledonian Bulls proper gorged and chained or.' 

1 No evidence of this is referred to. 




183 



XI. STIRLING OF FASKINE, 

NEAR GLASGOW, IN THE COUNTY OF LANARK. 



This is a younger branch of the Stirlings of Drumpellier. 

I. Walter Stirling of Sherva: born in 1686, married Janet, daughter 
of William Ruthven of Torryburn, and died in 1732, leaving an only son 
Walter, and a daughter Margaret, who was married to Walter Aitken, by 
whom she had a daughter, married to James Ballantyne of Orchyard. 

II. Sir Walter Stirling of Faskine, Captain R.N. Born 18th May 1718, 
knighted 23rd March 1751. He distinguished himself in the naval service, 
and was appointed in 1781 Commodore and Commander-in-Chief at the 
Nore. He was afterwards offered a baronetcy by King George III. which 
he declined, but which was subsequently conferred upon his son (III). He 
married, 30th October 1753, Dorothy, daughter of Charles Killing of Phila- 
delphia. She died at Drumpellier on 20th September 1782, 1 leaving issue — 

1. Walter, created a baronet. 

2. Charles, Vice- Admiral of the White, who married at Greenwich on 
10th August 1789, Charlotte, second daughter of the late Andrew Grote of 
Blackheath, 2 and had issue. 

3. Anne, married to her cousin Andrew Stirling, Drumpellier, and died 
his widow, 1st June 1830, leaving issue. 

III. Walter Stirling, eldest son of Sir Walter ; born 24th June 1758, 
created a baronet 15th December 1800. He married, 28th April 1794, 
Susannah, daughter and sole heiress of George Trenchard Goodenough of 
Borthwood, Isle of Wight, and by her, who died at London on 8th June 
1806, had issue — 

1 Scots Magazine, xliv. 502. ' 2 Ibid. li. 412. 



184 STIRLING OF FASKINE. 

1. Walter-George, his heir. 2. Mary-Jane, married in January 1816, Sir 
James Flower. 3. Dorothy- Anne, married John, second son of Sir T. Barrett 
Lennard. 4. G-eorgina-Matilda, married, 1st, H. D. Milligan, and, 2nd, Sir 
T. B. Lennard. Sir Walter died 26th August 1832, and was succeeded by — ■ 

IV. Sir Walter-George Stirling of Faskine, Baronet, born in 1802 ; he 

is a Deputy Lieutenant of Middlesex ; married, 18th August 1835, the Lady 

Caroline-Frances Byng, daughter of the Earl of Strafford, and has issue — 

1. Walter, born at Vienna, 5th March 1838. 2. Walter- George, born 6th 

September 1839. 3. Frances-Mary. 4. Harriet- Anne. 

armorial Bearings. 




Shield: Argent on a Bend engrailed, azure, between two roses, gules, seeded, or; 
barbed vert, three buckles of the fourth, all within a bordure of the fifth. 

Crest: Issuing out of a ducal coronet a dexter arm mailed, grasping a Dagger in 
fesse, halted and pommeled or. 

Supporters : Two hinds purpure, sem6e of estoilcs argent, ducally gorged, or. 

Motto : Gang Forward. 



185 



XII. STIRLING OF MANSFIELD, 

IN THE COUNTY OF AYE. 



In the account of this family, which is given in Betham's Baronage, voJ. iv. 
p. 247, it is said, that Gilbert Stirling, the first of the family, is descended 
from the ' Family of Kerr.' But no evidence is quoted to prove this descent. 

I. Gilbert Stirling married Margaret, daughter of Alexander Cuming of 
Birness, in the county of Aberdeen, a cadet of the family of Altyre, by whom 
he had a son, 

II. Alexander Stirling, who was a merchant of much respectability in 
Edinburgh, having a shop in the Luckenbooths for the sale of cloth and other 
goods. 1 He married Jane, second daughter of James Moir of Lochfield, 
in Perthshire, a cadet of the family of Moir of Leckie, and by her, who died 
on 30th July 1810, aged ninety-four years, he had seven children — 1. James, 
created a baronet. 2. Gilbert, a merchant in London, who died unmarried 
in 1779. 3. Alexander, also died unmarried. 4. Janet, wife of George 
M'Queen, Esq., by whom she had a son, David, and three daughters — 
Jean, Margaret, and Alison. 5. Seasa. 6. Elizabeth, who both died un- 
married; and 7. Margaret, wife of Charles Robertson, Esq., by whom she 
had two sons, Charles and James. 

III. James Stirling of Mansfield, in the county of Ayr. Among the Ken- 
letters there is one from James Stirling, cloth merchant in Edinburgh, dated 
1st January 1747, on which Mr. Charles Stirling, younger son of William Stir- 
ling of Keir (No. XVIIL), wrote the following note—' The writer of this letter 
' was father to Sir James Stirling, late Provost of Edinburgh, and grandfather 
' to Sir Gilbert Stirling.' But this is a mistake, as Alexander was the father 

1 Kay's Portraits, vol. ii. p. 2C3. 



186 STIRLING OF MANSFIELD. 

of Sir James, as appears from his monument in the Greyfriars' churchyard. 
James was probably the uncle of Sir James. The author of the memoir of 
Sir James, in Kay's Edinburgh Portraits, 1 says, that ' in early life he went to 
' the West Indies, as clerk to an extensive and opulent planter, Mr. Stirling of 
' Keir, where he conducted lrhnself with such propriety, that in a short time, 
' through the influence of his employer, he was appointed secretary to the 
' governor of the Island of Jamaica, Sir Charles Dalhng.' James Stirling 
was thrice Lord Provost of Edinburgh, and was created a baronet on 19th 
July 1792, as a mark of his Majesty's most gracious approbation of his conduct 
during the riots in that year, when (according to the statement of his friends), 
so far from taking refuge in the Castle from fear of personal consecpiences, he 
remained there at great inconvenience to himself, in order that the military 
should have a civil magistrate ready to accompany them when called on, 
which he did on more occasions than one. 2 He purchased the estate of 
Garrieve or G-artlochs (pronounced Garclaugh), in the parish of New Cumnock, 
Ayrshire, and changed the name to Mansfield. He married Alison, youngest 
daughter of James Mansfield, banker in Edinburgh, by whom he had three 
sons — 1. Gilbert, second baronet; 2. James; and 3. WiUiam-Eobert, who 
both died yoimg ; and two daughters, Janet, married to Sir Thomas Living- 
stone of Westquarter ; and Jane, who died young. Sir James Stirling died on 
17th February 1805, aged sixty-five years. 3 His widow died on 20th July 1823. 

IV. Sir Gilbert Stirling, second Baronet. He entered the Coldstream 
Eegiment of Guards at an early age, and served at the Helder, and in 
Egypt under Sir Ralph Abercromby, and afterwards in the Peninsula under 
the Duke of Wellington. In 1812, Sir Gilbert retired from the service, in 
which he had attained the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel. He sold the estate 
of Mansfield, and purchased that of Larbert, in the county of Stirling, where 
he died on 13th February 1843, aged sixty-four years. 4 He left the estate 

1 Kay's Portraits, vol. i. p. 373. robes, in a procession, she exclaimed, ' Is that 

2 Kay's Portraits, vol. ii. p. 2G3. the Lord Provost? I thocht it was the corpse 

3 Monument in Greyfriars' Churchyard. In per- rinnin' awa wi' the mortcloth.' (Kay's Portraits, 
son, Sir James was tall and extremely attenuated. No. 150.) 

It is related, that on his being pointed out to a 4 Monument in Greyfriars' Churchyard, Edin- 

country woman, while walking, attired in his velvet burgh. 



SIR GILBERT STIRLING, 1805-1S43. 



187 



of Larbert, and his large fortune to be invested in land, to be entailed on 
the heirs of Ms cousin, Sarah-Mary-Emily Kobertson, wife of Major Francis 
Day Chahner. Their son, Gilbert Stirling Chahner, is the first heir to the 
estate of Larbert, and is to assume the sirname of Stirling. 



flvmovtal Bearings. 




Shield: Argent, on a bend azure, between a Moor's head in profile in chief, 
couped sable, wreathed about the temples, or; and in base a garb of the 
second three buckles of the fourth. 

Crest: A demi Moor couped in profile, in the dexter hand an arrow in 
less, at his back a quiver of arrows, all proper. 

Motto : Forward. 



188 
XIII. STIRLING OF GLENESK, 

IN THE COUNTY OF FORFAR. 



The Stirling's acquired Glenesk at a very early period ; and the last male pro- 
prietor of the name was Sir John de Striviling, whose daughter and heiress, 
Catherine, was married in 1365 to Sir Alexander Lindsay, third son of Sir 
David Lindsay of Crawford. Sir David Lindsay of Glenesk, who was created 
Earl of Crawford in 1398, was the eldest son of Sir Alexander Lindsay and 
Catherine Striviling. 1 Lord Lindsay says, that 

' The cognisance of the Stirling's of Grlenesk being three stars, in common with the 
' house of De Moravia and other northern families (the Stirlings being even some- 
' times designed, territorially, De Moravia), Sir Alexander differenced his paternal 
' coat, by placing a star in the dexter chief point, or upper corner of the shield. 
' His son, Earl David, dropped it on becoming chief of the family, but the star was 
' readopted by the Lindsays of Edzell, and semee on the bordure borne by those 
' of Balcarres.' 2 

David Lindsay of Edzell, in 1571, carried the star of Stirling of Glenesk 
in the centre, 

' By way of a family difference, in right of his descent from Catherine de Striveline, 
' mother of David, first Earl of Crawford, the daughter and heiress of Sir John 
' Striveline of Grlenesk, head of an ancient and powerful family, whose arms consisted 
' solely of stars. The stars, as a cherished gentiiitial badge or emblem, are still visibly 
' sculptured (together with the Crawford arms proper) upon prominent parts of the 
' old castle of Edzell, which lay within the barony of Glenesk. They hence also, 
' by Scotch practice, became what were termed the ' feudal arms ' of the barony, 
'■ which were also derived from the first tenants in capite, or possessors — in this 
' instance undoubtedly the Strivelynes.' 3 

1 Lives of the Lindsays, I. p. 51, and documents John de Strivelyne. Compel. Camerariorum Scot. 

there quoted: David, first Earl of Crawford, en- II. p. 600. 

(lowed a chaplain in the church of St. Beternau 2 Lives of the Lindsays, 

to celebrate mass for the soul of his grandsire, < Crawford Peerage Case, pp. 17. r >, 176, 



STIRLING OF GLENESK. 189 

Catherine de Striveline had a sister, who was co-heiress with her to their 
father's estates, The sister was married to Robert de Atholia, who inherited, 
through her, lands in Inverness and Moray. 

Tradition gives another account of the succession of the Lindsays to 
Grlenesk. It is said, that the last Sir John Striveline of Grlenesk had a son 
and a daughter. 

' They were left orphans, and the former, small of stature, and greatly deformed 

' in body, was familiarly known by the diminutive cognomen of ' Jackie Stirlin.' 
' ■ Although physically defective, he enjoyed excellent health, and was neither imper- 

1 vious to the softer feelings of humanity, nor too unseemly for the kindly eyes of 

' women, by one of whom, the lovely daughter of a neighbouring baron, his offer of 

: marriage had been accepted. This was altogether contrary to the wishes and ex- 

' pectations both of his sister and her Rver, the gallant Sir Alexander Lindsay ; and 

1 all remonstrance having failed to prevent the nuptials, they laid a deep and heartless 

' scheme for bis overthrow ; and one evening, while taking an airing alone in the 

' wooded defile, he was pounced upon by a masked assailant, and summarily despatched 

' at a place still pointed out a Httle to the north of the castle. He was buried in the 

' family sepulchre ; and many old people believe, that amongst the broken bones with 

' which the vault is so profusely strewn, they have often beheld the crooked remains 

' of the poor luckless knight.' 1 

Part of the old castle of Edzell, once the residence of the Stirrings of 
Grlenesk, is called ' Stirling Tower,' and is believed to have been erected by 
them. 2 

1 Land of the Lindsays, p. 2G. 2 Ibid. p. 52. 



190 



XIV. STIRLING OF EASTER BRAIKY, 

IN THE PARISH OF RTNNELL AND COUNTY OF FOEFAE. 

This is an old Branch of the Angus Stirlings. The first on record is — 

I. Peter de Strivelyne of Easter Breky, who, with John his son, had 
a charter of these lands from Hugh Fraser, Lord of Lovat and of Kynnell, 
dated 30th March 1407. 1 He had two sons — 1. John, who succeeded; and 
2. Hugh, who is mentioned as the second son of Peter, in the charter of 
1407, just quoted. 

II. John Strivelyne of Easter Braiky, who, with Peter his father, received 
the ahove charter in 1407. He was probably the father or grandfather of — 

III. John Striveling of Easter Braiky, who, on 10th December 1476, 
granted a charter of these lands, in favour of Mr. George Striveling his son, 
and which was confirmed by Hugh Lord Lovat, the superior, on 24th January 
1477. John died between the date of the charter and the confirmation, as in 
the latter he is called ' quondam.' Both of these charters were confirmed by 
the Crown on 23rd February 1480. 3 In this last -charter King James III. 
styles the grantee ' dilecto clerico nostro magistro Georgio Striveling.' 

John Striveling (III.) had two sons — 1. Peter or Patrick; 2. Mr. George, 
already mentioned. 

IV. Patrick Stirling of Rynmuir. He is a witness to the charter by 
his father John to Mr. George, younger brother of this Patrick, dated 24th 
January 1477. Patrick died before 8th June 1519, and was succeeded in Iris 

1 Supra, p. 4, note G. The author of the article ' of Fraser, impaled with quarterly first and fourth 

on the parish of Kinnell, in the New Statistical ' gules three crescents of the second — the arms 

Account, alludes to this grant, and mentions the 'of Fierrepont — second and third, three mullets 

successors of the Strivelins in the lands of Easter 'of the second — the arms of Murray. There is 

Braiky — ' In the castle of West Braky there ' no crest. Above the shield are the letters T. F., 

' exists a memorial of the Erasers — a coat of arms ' and over the letters is the motto ' Soli Deo 

' with the date 1581. The blazon of the arms is ' Confido." 

' azure three cinqucfoils argent, the cognizance 2 Great Seal Register, B. 0. 40. 



GE0RC4E STRIUELING, &c, 1499-1546. 191 

lands of Rynmuir by his son Alexander, who had a precept of sasine of that 
date from Mr. George Striueling of Breke, for infefting Alexander as heir to 
Patrick his father, and brother of George. 1 

IV. Mr. George Striueling of Easter Braky. He acquired these lands 
from his father as already stated. Hugh Lord Frassar of Lovat, and Baron of 
the Barony of Kynnell, granted, on 1st November 1499, ' dilecto consanguineo 
' nostro Magistro George Striueling,' a charter of the lands of Easter Brekie, 
and of an annualrent of ten rnerks payable out of the same. The charter bears, 
that the lands and annualrent belonged to William Stirling, son and heir of 
Walter Stirling, and were resigned by him to Mr. George Stirling. 2 By char- 
ter, dated 2nd June 1509, Mr. George Striueling of Ester Brekky, and Patrick 
Striueling his brother-german, with consent of David Striueling, son and ap- 
parent heir of Mr. George, mortified an annualrent of ten rnerks from Ester 
Brekky for the chaplain of Kynnell, which was confirmed by crown-charter, 
dated 12th March 1512. 3 He also acquired the lands of Balcaslrie in Fife, 
from John Erskine of Dun, who granted a charter of sale thereof to George, 
and Margaret Dalgleish, his wife, dated 23rd April 1510. This charter was 
confirmed by the Crown on 6th May following. Mr. George Sterling had an- 
other crown-charter of Easter Breky, dated 22nd October 1526. 4 Mr. George 
Stirling appears to have been succeeded in Easter Breky by his said son, 

V. David Striueling of Easter Braiky, who made a mortification to 
the Church of Montrose out of these lands, which was confirmed by crown- 
charter, dated 24th February 1531. 5 David Striueling of Easter Breky, 
witnessed seisin of a house in Murray Street, Montrose, in favour of John 
Erskine of Dun, and Margaret, Countess of Buchan, Ms mother. David 
Striueling of Brekky, and many other landed gentlemen, were, on 2nd February 
1532, fined for not appearing to pass on the assise of Jonet, Lady Glammis, 
who was tried for witchcraft. He had two sons — 1st, David, who appears 

1 Braiky Charters. These charters formed part and James Murray, grandsons ( ' nepotibus nostris') 
of the varied stores of David Laing, Esq , Signet of Lord Frassar, are two of the -witnesses. 
Library, Edinburgh, -who with his usual generosity, 3 Braiky Charters. 

kindly communicated them to the Editor. 4 Great Seal Register. 

2 Braiky Charters. To this charter, Alexander 5 Ibid. » Criminal Trials, i. 158*. 



192 STIRLING OF EASTER BRAIKY. 

to have predeceased him. or at least to have died without making up a feudal 
title to the estate. 2. George. 3. Thomas, who had two daughters ; Helen, 
who succeeded to Balcaskie, as after stated, and another daughter, whose name 
has not heen ascertained, who married Beaty, and had two daugh- 
ters, of whom hereafter. 4. John, burgess in Dundee in 1561. On the 
2nd August 1564, his grandson, David Striveling, was retoured heir of this 
David, his grandfather, in the lands of Balcaskie in the county of Fife, 1 from 
which it appears that this David had then heen dead for eighteen years. 
He had therefore died in 1546. 

VI. 1. David Striveling of Easter Braiky. He probably died before his 
father, but certainly before 8th May 1548. His only son was — ■ 

VII. 1. David Striveling of Braky. He received from Jane Gray, Countess 
of Craufurd, a precept of sasine for infefting him in Easter Braiky as heir of 
David his grandfather, dated 8th May 1548. 2 He was retoured heir to his 
grandfather David, on 2nd August 1564, as above stated. This David was 
then in minority, and he got a dispensation to be retoured heir to his grand- 
father, dated 3rd January A. B. 22. (1564.) He died soon afterwards with- 
out issue, and was succeeded in Easter Braiky by his uncle, 

VI. 2. George Stiruelyng of Easter Braiky. On 24th March 1561, an 
agreement was entered into at Montrose, between ' George Stiruelyng, father 
' brother and apperand air maill and of tailze of Dauid Stiruelyng, now of 
' Breikye, and Johnne Stiruelyng, burgess of Dundie, brother to the said 
' George.' The agreement narrates, that ' Forsameikle as the said Dauid 
' Stiruelyng now of Breckye is hewely vexit with deadlie infrrmitie and seiknes, 
' quhair throw it is supponit him to depart to the lord, and in case the said 
' Dauid clecessis, the said George binclis and oblisses him faithfullie to entir 
' as air maill and of tailze to the said Dauid, in and to his landis of Easter 
' Braikye,' and thereafter to infeft the said John Stiruelyng, who had paid 
to George the sum of one thousand merks, and promised to pay him farther 
an annuity of £40 Scots, ' with tua stand of honest and competent clething,' 

1 Printed Eetours, Fife, No. 50. 2 Braiky Charters. 



JOHN STIRLING, &c, 1615-1633. 193 

yearly during the lifetime of George. 1 David Striveling died in January 1566, 
as appears from the retour of George to him, dated 22nd March following. 2 
On 2nd April 1567, Thomas Fressar, Baron of Kynnell, granted a precept 
for infefting George Striveling in Easter Breky, as heir-male of David 
Striveling, who was the son of his hrother, and George was infeft on the 
following day — John Striveling acting as Ms attorney. 3 

Owing to the loss of the Braiky charters subsequent to this date, the later 
Lairds have not been ascertained, with the exception of 

VII. 2. John Stirling of Easter Braiky, who was probably the son or 
grandson of John Striueling above mentioned, as the contracter with his 
brother George, for acquiring the estate on the death of their nephew, David 
(VII). This John VII. was a debtor in the testament of George Gladstones, 
Archbishop of St. Andrews, in 1615. 4 John was succeeded by his son — 

VIII. James Stirling of Easter Braikie. He was retoured heir of John 
his father, on 18th December 1633. 5 

David Strmeling of Braky (VII.) was succeeded in Balcaskie by his cousin. 

VII. 3. Helen Striveling of Balcaskie, who was retoured heir of David 
Striveling of Easter Braiky, her grandfather, in the lands of Balcaskie, on 
8th April 1567.° She died without issue in 1593, and was succeeded by her 
two nieces — 

Barbara and Jonet Beatie, who were daughters of Beatie, by the 

second daughter of Thomas Striveling, brother of David (VII.). On 3rd Oc- 
tober 1620, Barbara and Jonet were retoured heirs-portioners ' Helenas Strive- 
' ling neptis et hasredis quondam Davidis Striviling de Brakye, fratris germani 
' quondam Thomas Striviling' — ' neptis avi fratris' — that is, heirs to the niece 
of the brother of their grandfather in the said lands of Balcaskie. 7 The re- 
tour bears, that Helen had been dead for twenty-seven years, i.e. since 1593. 

1 Braiky Writs. 5 general Retours, No. 2011. 

2 Ibid. 3 ibid. r. Printed Retours, Fife, No. 62. 
4 Wodrow's Biographies. » Ibid., Nos. 312, 313. 

2u 



194 



XV. STIRLING OF TULLYDUFFY OR TULYDUVY, 

IN THE COUNTY OF FORFAR. 



It is probable that these Stirling's were collaterals of Grlenesk. 

I. John Stkiueling of Tullyduffy died between 3rd February 1488 and 
20th June 1494. 1 He was succeeded by his son, 

II. Andrew Stkiueling of Tullyduffy. He was served heir to his father 
John, in the lands of Gylcorne, before 20th June 1494, which service was 
reduced. 2 He died before 18th June 1532. 

III. Johnne Steiveling of Tullyduvy, on 18th June 1532, obtained letters 
directed to the bailies of the city of Brechin, mentioning, that ' quhair he hes 
' twa Landis and Tenementis pertening to him in heretage callit Strivelingis 
' Landis, Hand in the north est syde of the said Oiete of Brechin, quhilk his 
' fader and guideshir and their predecessors brukit peceable as their heretage 
' all thair dayis, and thai now being decessit, and thair charteris and evidentis 
• brynt, tynt, and destroyit, the tyme that the Pest was in Brechine, the said 
' Johnne can get na entre thairto be brevis.' He was ordered to be served 
heir to his father in the said subjects. 3 

From another entry in the same record, under date 15th May 1532, it 
appears that Andrew and John Striveling were the father and grandfather 
of the said John, 4 as above shown. 

1 Acta Dom. Con. pp. 106, 032. ' Acta Dom. Con. et Sess. vol. i. fol. 29. 

2 Ibid. ' Ibid. vol. xliii. fol. 199. 



195 



XVI. NOTICES OF SIR JOHN DE STRIVEL1NG, 

WHO WAS SUMMONED TO THE PARLIAMENT OF ENGLAND IN THE REIGN 

OF EDWARD III. 1342-70. 



The earliest notice of the Stirlings, is in the reign of David I., as proprie- 
tors of lands on the Borders, and it is probable that branches of these early 
Stirlings had crossed the Border, and settled on the English side. Among 
the burgesses of Berwick who swore fealty to Edward I. in 1291, were 
' Adam de Striuelin ' and ' Johannes de Striuelin.' 

This Sir John de Striveling was connected with the county of Northum- 
berland. He rose to great importance by adhering to the English side during 
the disturbed reign of David II. 

In 1335, he directed the siege of Lochleven in the service of Baliol, and 
was appointed in the same year Sheriff of Edinburgh, and keeper of the 
castle, with the power of receiving, in King Edward's name, all Scotchmen 
coming to his faith and allegiance. 1 In 1341, he was appointed, in con- 
junction with the Bishop of Durham and Ralph de Neville, a commis- 
sioner for concluding a peace with David II. and the Scots, and he was 
employed in a similar character at intervals for several years. 2 In 1344 
and 1345, he was Governor and Chamberlain of Berwick, 3 probably at that 
time the most important military trust under the Crown. In 134G he 
attended the King in his French expedition. 4 In the end of that year 
(27th February), he was again a commissioner for treating with ' all and 
' sundry the King's adversaries of Scotland, whether Scots or English, who 
' are willing to come to the faith of the King,' and on the same day, 
the King, for his good and laudable service, bestowed upon him in com- 
pensation of three hundred pound lands which he had promised to give him 

1 Rotuli Scotie. 2 Ibid. 3 Ibid. * Eotuli Frantic. 



19G SIR JOHN DE STRIVELING. 

in Scotland, Foulden and all other lands forfeited by Willarn de Ramsay 

— Loughhorward, forfeited by David de la Haye ; Eosselyn by John de 
Seyncler ; Kathen by the Steward of Scotland ; and Lastalrig by John de 
Lastalrig. In 1346, he accompanied Baliol in his expedition into Scotland, 
bringing with him twenty men-at-arms, of whom one was a banneret, two 
were knights, and seventeen esquires, with twenty mounted bowmen. 1 

This trusted servant of Edward III. was s umm oned to Parliament among 
the Barons of England, in the 16th year of Edward III., and had summons 
again in 37 Ed. III., 38 Ed. Ill, 39 Ed. III., 42 Ed. III., and 44 Ed. III. 

— that is, from the year 1343 to 1370. 2 

He married Barbara, sister and co-heir to Adam de Swinburn. 3 Christian, 
their daughter and heiress, married Sir John Middleton of Belsay Castle, in 
Northumberland. Sir Harris Nicolas says, ' If this statement be correct, this 
' barony is vested in her descendants and representatives.'* 

' Christiana, Uxor Johannis Middleton, Militis obiit seisita. Man. de 
Burneton in Northumbria P. Esch. 9. H. 5. n. 54.' 5 

1 Rotuli Scotie. 2 Close Rolls — Dugdale 4 Synopsis of the Peerage of England, 1025, 

— Report of the Lords' Committee of Privileges. vol. ii. p. 618. 

3 Bank's Dormant and Extinct Baronage. 5 Betham's Baronetage, vol. iv. Appendix, No. 1. 



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CHAETEES AND OTHEE FAMILY PAPEES 



OF THE 



STIELINGS OF KEIB. 



Charter by Bertram, the son of Henry of Wluestoun, to Waldeve Kokes, of lands in 
the territory of Nether Eyton : Circa 1260. 

1. Omnibus Christi fidelibus ad quorum noticiam presens scriptum peruenerit, Bertramus 
filius Henrici de "Wluestoun, Salutem in Domino. Nouerit vniuersitas vestra me quie- 
tum clamasse, concessisse, et hac presenti Carta mea confirmasse, Waldeuo Kokes, 
consanguineo meo, illas duas bouatas terre in territorio de Eyton le Bas, pro quibus 
contra eundem Waldeumn per litteras domini Regis placitaui, et omne jus nieuin 
quod in eisdem duabus bouatis terre etiam si aliquid habui, uel quod ego uel heredes 
mei tempore aliquo habere poterimus, videlicet, pro quadam sunrrna pecunie quam 
idem Waldeuus mihi Bertramo in mea vrgente necessitate contulit : Tenendas et 
habendas eidem Waldeuo et heredibus suis uel assignatis, in perpetuiun, libere, quiete, 
bene, et in pace, sine impedimento et grauamine aliquo mei et heredum meorum, pro 
dicta quadam summa pecunie mihi pre manibus collata ; renunciando in hoc facto 
omni priuilegio fori ciuilis et canonici, et iuris et auxilii, mihi et heredibus meis corn- 
petenti : Et quod ista mea quieta clamacio, concessio, confirmacio, robur perpetuum 
optineant in posterum, tactis sacro Sanctis, juraui in plena curia domini Prioris de 
Coldigham apud Eytonam, quod nunquam ego Bertramus uel heredes mei contra 
tenorem presentis Carte mee, ad grauamen eiusdem Waldeui et heredum suorum uel 
assignatorum venire presumeremus ; quod si fecissemus, tociens eidem Waldeuo et here- 
dibus suis uel assignatis, viginti libras sterlingorum nomine pene exhibebimus : Ad 
maiorem huius rei securitatem presentem Cartam sigilli mei impressione roboraui : 
Testibus, Dompno Henrico dicto de Syltona, tunc temporis Priori de Coldingham, 
Domino Dauid de Graham vicecomite tunc de Berewic, Domino Radulfo Nobili, 
Domino Willelmo de Scremestoun, Matheo Rydel, Ada de Prendregest, Johanne 
Gray, Henrico de Prendregest, Patricio Scoto, Johanne Alio suo, Rogero filio Ade de 

2c 



198 KEIR PAPERS. [1338-57. 

Ristona, Roberto de Copland, domini Prioris de Coldingham tunc senescallo, Gilberto 
de Lumesdene, Dauid de Lumesdene, Ada filio Johannis de Eytona, Ada filio Walteri, 
Elya Chancun, Johanne filio Ingelrami, Waltero Aurifabro, Ricardo dicto Herede, 
Roberto Neuman, Waltero filio Fabri, Henrico Sweyn, et aliis multis. 

Charter by Jobn of Argyle, Lord of Lome, to Mary, his father's sister, and wife 
of John of Striwelyne, of the lands of Rathorane, &c, 8th September 1338. 

2. Omnibus has literas visuris vel audituris Johannes de Ergadia, Dominus de Lome, 
Salutem in Domino. Vniuersitati vestre notum facimus per presentes, Nos dedisse, 
concessisse et hac presenti carta nostra confirmasse, Marie amite nostre, vxori Johannis 
de Striwelyne, et heredibus suis, quinque denariatas terre de Rathorane, et vnam 
denariatam que vocatur Garwpennynge, duas denariatas de Bartychkeregylle, vnam 
denariatam de Fekyrfaltach vtrimque Logane, vnam denariatam de Hachychnacelache, 
et dimidiam denariatam de Cragnamoychenache, in Lome, constitutas : Tenendas et 
habendas predictas terras, a nobis et heredibus nostris, dicte Marie et heredibus suis, 
per omnes suas rectas metas antiquas, libere et plenarie, cuni omnibus suis pertinentiis, 
libertatibus et aysiamentis. Reddendo nobis annuatim, vnum par calcarium ad festum 
Pentecostes, vel valorem ipsorum si reperiri venalia non poterint, pro omni seruicio 
et demanda. Qvas quidem terras nos et heredes nostri sibi et heredibus suis contra 
omnes viros et inulieres Warandizabimus et defendemus. In cuius rei testimonium 
Sigillum nostrum presentibus est appensum. Datum apud Perth, in Natiuitate Sancte 
Marie, anno Domini millesimo ccc? tricesimo octauo. Hiis testibus Domino Malcolmo 
Kenedy, Camerario Scocie. Domino Michaelo Scote, Milite. Michaele Fisser, Con- 
stabulario de Perth, et multis aliis. 

Charter by King David II. to John of Menteith and Marjory of Streuyllyn, his Spouse, 
of all lands pertaining to Marjory by heritable succession, 25th January 1357. 

3. David Dei gratia Rex Scotorum, Omnibus probis hominibus suis totius terre sue, 
clericis et laicis, Salutem. Cum Marioria de Streuyllyn, filia et heres quondam Joannis 
de Streuyllyn vicecomitis de Clakmanan, et domini de Cars de Stirling et de Alveth, 
omnes et singulas terras, ofncia et redditus, ipsam successu hereditario contingentes, 
per totum regnum nostrum, Roberto Senescallo Scotie, tunc locum nostrum tenenti in 
nostra absentia, per fustim et baculum sursuni reddidit, ac pure et simpliciter resignauit, 
totum jus et clameum quod in dictis terris, officiis et redditibus predictis simpliciter 



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1357.] CHARTERS, ETC. 199 

resignauit ; quiquidern nostrum locum tenens, de omnibus et singulis terris, officiis et 
redditibus predictis, Joannem de Menteith, nunc sponsum predicte Mariorie, hereditarie 
infeodauit. Sciatis nos, de nostra gratia speciali, recepisse et restituisse, penitus et 
per omnia, prefatos Joannem de Menteith et Marioriam sponsam suam, ad talem 
statum et possessionem omnium terrarum, officiorum et reddituum predictorum, que 
vel qui eandem Marioriam successu hereditario debent contingere, seu aliquo tempore 
contingebant, per totum regnum nostrum, qualeni statum et possessionem predicta 
Marioria in sua pura viduitate, ante tempus resignationis predicte, habuit de eisdem. 
Tenendas et habendas omnes terras, officia, et redditus predictas cum pertinentiis, eisdem 
Joanni de Menteith et Mariorie sponse sue, et heredibus inter ipsos legittime pro- 
creatis seu procreandis, quibus forte deficientibus, heredibus dicte Mariorie legittime 
de nobis et heredibus nostris, in feodo et hereditate, per omnes rectas metas et divisas 
suas, adeo libere, quiete, plenarie, integre et honorifice, cum omnibus libertatibus, com- 
moditatibus, aysiamentis et justis pertinentiis suis quibuscunque, ad omnes terras, officia, 
et redditus predictas cum pertinentiis spectantibus, seu juste spectare valentibus in 
futurum quoquo niodo, sicut predictus quondam Joannes de Streuylyn, pater predicte 
Mariorie, aut predecessores sui, predictas terras, officia et redditus predicta, de nobis aut 
predecessoribus nostris, liberius juste tenuerunt seu possiderunt, aut tenere potuerunt 
quoquo modo. Faciendo inde annuatim nobis et heredibus nostris, predicti Joannes 
et Marioria sponsa sua et heredes sui, ac ipsius heredibus deficientibus, heredes ipsius 
Mariorie predicte, Seruitia de predictis terris, officiis, et redditibus cum pertinentiis 
ex antiquo tempore debita et consueta. In cujus rei testimonium sigillum nostrum 
precepimus apponi. Testibus Venerabilibus in Christo patribus Willielmo et Patricio 
Sancti Andree et Brechinensis ecclesiarum Dei gratia Episcopis, Roberto Senescallo 
Scotie Comite de Stratherne nepote nostro carissimo, Thoma Comite de Marr con- 
sanguineo nostro dilecto, Willelmo Domino de Douglas, Willelmo de Levyngstoun, 
Roberto de Erskine militibus. Apud Edinburgh, vicesimo quinto die Januarii, anno 
regni nostri vicesimo octavo. 

Hec est vera copia principalis carte suprascripte contente in registro S. D. N. 
Regis, extracta, copiata et collationata, in omnibus cum originali concordans, 
nil addito vel remoto, quod substantiam mutaret aut sententiam variaret, per 
me dominum Joannem Hamilton de Magdalenis militem, clericum rotulorum 
registri ac consilii dicti S. D. N. Regis, sub meis signo et subscriptione 
manualibus. 

J. Hamilton, Cls. Regri. 



200 KEIK PAPERS. [1382. 

Charter by King Robert II. to William of Menteith, Son and Heir of Marjory of 
Striulyn, of the Baronies of West Kers and Alveth, 23rd October 1382. 

Robertas Dei gratia Rex Scotorum, Omnibus probis hominibus totius terre sue,' 
clericis et laycis Salutem. Sciatis nos dedisse, concessisse, et hac presenti carta 
nostra confirmasse, Willelmo de Meneteth, filio et heredi Mariote de Striulyn, filie et 
heredis quondam Johannis de Striuelyn militis, omnes terras et tenementa baroniarum 
del Westkers et de Alueth cum pertinentiis, infra vicecomitatum de Striuelyn, et 
vbilibet infra regnmn nostrum ; ac etiam officia Vicecomitatus et Forestarie de Clac- 
manan ; que fuerunt dicte Mariote, et que dicta Mariota, non vi aut metu ducta, nee 
errore lapsa, sed mera et spontanea voluntate sua, nobis per suas literas patentes 
apud Sconam, in pleno parliamento nostro tento ibidem, vicesimo secundo die Octobris, 
anno Domini millesimo ccc° octogesimo secundo, coram magnatibus regni nostri, 
sursum reddidit pureque et simpliciter resignauit, ac totum ius et clameum que 
in dictis terris tenementis et officiis cum pertinentiis babuit uel habere potuit, pro 
se et beredibus suis, omnino quietum clamauit imperpetuum : Tenendas et habendas 
eidem Willelmo et Elisabeth sue sponse, et eorum diucius viuenti, ac heredibus inter 
ipsos legitime procreatis seu procreandis ; Quibus forte defieientibus, heredibus legi- 
timis dicti Willelmi quibuscunque, de nobis et heredibus nostris, in feodo et heredi- 
tate imperpetuum, omnes dictas terras et tenementa del Westkerss et de Alueth, 
necnon officia cum tenandiis suis de Ochyltre et de Pordovyne eiusdem Baronie de 
Westkers per omnes rectas metas et diuisas suas cum pertinentiis suis quibuscunque, 
in integras et liberas baronias, cum sok et sak, thol et theme, furca et fossa, in- 
fangand thefe et outfangand thefe, et cum tenandiis et libere tenendum seruitiis, in 
viis, semitis, moris, et marresiis, in pratis, pascuis et pasturis, in siluis et nemoribus, 
in aucupatione, piscatione et venatione, in curiis, escaetis et earum exitibus, in 
molendinis, multuris et eorum sequelis, ac omnibus aliis et singulis libertatibus, 
commoditatibus, aysiamentis, feodis, rectitudinibus et consuetudinibus, et aliis iustis 
pertinenciis suis quibuscunque, ad omnes dictas terras et officia cum pertinenciis, 
necnon tenementa, spectantibus seu spectare valentibus in futurum quoquomodo, in 
libera foresta et warenna, adeo libere, quiete, integre et pacifice, sicut dicta Mariota 
eadem cum pertinentiis, ante resignationem suam prefatam, de nobis tenuit et 
possedit : Faciendo inde seruitia debita et consueta : Salvo dicte Mariote libero 
tenemento omnium prefatarum terrarum, tenementorum et officiorum cum pertinentiis, 
pro toto tempore vite sue : Quare omnibus et singulis quorum interest uel interesse 
poterit damus firmiter in mandatis, quatenus eidem Willelmo et Elisabeth sponse sue 



1411.] CHAKTERS, ETC. 201 

et eorurn diucius viventi, et heredibus suis supradictis, in omnibus et singulis dicta 
officia contingentibus, prompte respondeant pareant et intendant : In cuius rei testi- 
monium presenti carte nostre, nostrum precepimus apponi sigillum : Testibus venera- 
bilibus in Christo patribus, "Willelmo et Johanne, Cancellario nostro, Sanctiandree et 
Dunkeldensis ecclesiarum episcopis ; Johanne primogenito nostro de Carrie, Senescallo 
Scotie ; Roberto de Fyf et de Meneteth, filio nostro dilecto ; Willelmo de Douglas 
et de Marr, consanguineo nostro, comitibus ; Jacobo de Lindesay, nepote nostro ca- 
rissimo, et Roberto de Erskyne, militibus ; vicesimo tertio die Octobris, anno regni 
nostri duodecimo. 



Charter by Robert Duke of Albany, &c, Governor of Scotland, to William of 
Menteth, son and heir of William of Menteth of Westirkers, Knight, of the 
Baronies of Westkers and Alueth, and the Offices of Sheriff and Forestar of 
Clakmannan, 16th May 1411. 

Roberttjs Dux Albanie, Comes de Fyfe et de Menteth, ac Regni Scocie Ghibemator, 
Omnibus probis hominibus toeius Regni predicti Clericis et Laycis, Salutem. Sciatis 
nos dedisse, concessisse, et hac presenti carta nostra confirmasse, dilecto nostro 
Willelmo de Menteth, filio et heredi Willelmi de Menteth de Westirkers militis, omnes 
et singulas terras et tenementa baroniarum de Westkers et de Alueth cum per- 
tinenciis, infra vicecomitatum de Striuelyne, ac eciam officia viceeomitis et forestarie 
de Clakmannan. Que quideni terre et officia cum pertinenciis fuerunt dicti Willelmi 
de Menteth patris, et quas et que ipse Willelmus, non vi aut metu ductus, nee errore 
lapsus, sed mera et spontanea voluntate sua, in nianus nostras, coram testibus sub- 
scripts, per fustim et baculum ac per literas suas patentes, sursuni reddidit pvire et 
simpliciter resignauit, ac totum jus et clameum que in dictis terris et officiis cum 
pertinenciis habuit seu habere potuit, pro se et heredibus suis, omnino quietum clamauit 
imperpetuum. Tenendas et habendas omnes et singulas terras predictas de Westkers 
et de Alueth et officia supradicta, cum tenandiis de Vchiltre et de Pordovyne dicte 
baronie de Westkers, cum pertinenciis, predicto Willelmo de Menteth filio, et heredibus 
suis, de domino nostro Rege et heredibus suis, in feodo et hereditate imperpetuum, per 
omnes rectas metas suas antiquas et diuisas, in integras et liberas baronias, cum furca 
et fossa, sok et sak, tholl et theme, infangandtheif et outfangandtheif, cum tenandiis et 
liberetenencium seruiciis, in boscis et planis, moris, marresiis, viis, semitis, aquis stagnis, 
pratis, pascuis et pasturis, molendinis multuris et eorum sequelis, aucupacionibus vena- 
cionibus et piscacionibus, cum curiis, escaetis, et curiarum exitibus, ac cum omnibus 



202 KEIB PAPEES. [1381. 

aliis et singulis libertatibus, conimoditatibus, aysiainentis, et iustis pertinenciis suis 
quibuscunque, ad predictas terras et officia cum pertinenciis, spectantibus seu spectare 
valentibus quomodolibet in futurum, in libera foresta et warenna, adeo libere et quiete, 
plenarie, integre, honorifice, bene et in pace, in omnibus et per omnia, sicut dictus 
Willelmus de Menteth pater, aut aliquis predecessorum suorum, prenominatas terras et 
officia cum pertinenciis, de domino nostro Rege, ante dictam resignacionem nobis inde 
factam, tenuit seu possedit. Faciendo inde domino nostro Regi et heredibus suis, dictus 
Willelmus de Menteth filius et heredes sui, de predictis terris et officiis cum pertinenciis 
seruicia debita et consueta. Reseruato tamen liberotenemento dictarum terrarum et 
officiorum cum pertinenciis predicto Willelmo de Menteth patri, pro toto tempore vite 
sue. In cuius rei testimonium presenti carte nostre sigillum officii nostri apponi pre- 
cepimus. Testibus Reuerendo in Christo patre Gilberto Episcopo Aberdonensi Can- 
cellario Scocie, Roberto Senescallo de Fyfe nepote nostro carissimo, Johanne Senes- 
callo Domino de Buchane filio nostro, Ricardo Comyne milite, Dauid Berclay, Wil- 
lelmo Berclay, Michaele de Nam et Andrea de Hawic Rectore de Listoun, Secretario 
nostro. Apud Perth, dechno sexto die mensis Maii, anno Domini millesimo quadrin- 
gentesimo vndecimo, et gubernacionis nostre anno quinto. 

Chaetee by William of Galbrath, Laird of Katconvall, to his son James Galbrath, 
of the lands of Estyrbothernok, 10th October 1381. 

Omnibus hanc cartam visuris vel audituris, Willelmus de Galbrath dominus de Katcon- 
vall, Salutem in Domino sempiternam : Sciatis me dedisse, concessisse, et hac presenti 
carta mea confirmasse, carissimo filio meo, Jacobo de Galbrath, vnam carucatam terre, 
et quartam partem vnius carucate terre, scilicet, dimidietatem de Estyrbothernokis, 
videlicet, illam dimidietatem que iacet propinquior Kelvyne, et dimidietatem de Westyr- 
bothernokis, videlicet, illam dimidietatem que iacet propinquior la More, et quartam 
partem de Kyncade, videlicet, illam quartam partem que iacet propinquior Kelvyne in 
occidentali parte, cum dimidietate molendini de Kyncade, cum pertinenciis, in comi- 
tatu de Levynnax, infra vicecomitatum de Strivelyne ; pro auxilio et consilio suo michi 
impenso et impendendo : Tenendas et habendas dicto Jacobo de Galbrath et heredibus 
suis de corpore suo legittime procreandis, de me et heredibus meis, in feodo et heredi- 
tate, per omnes rectas metas et diuisas suas, in boscis, planis, moris, marraseis, pratis, 
pascuis et pasturis, viis, semitis, aquis, stagnis, molendinis, et multuris, et eorum 
sequelis, aucupacionibus, veuacionibus, piscacionibus, et eorum sequelis, cum tenandiis 
et seruiciis liberetenencium, cum curiis, curiarum exitibus, et eschaetis, necnon cum 



1381.] CHARTERS, ETC. 203 

omnibus aliis et singulis libertatibus, commoditatibus, aysiamentis, et iustis pertinen- 
ciis quibuscunque, tam non nominatis quam noniinatis, tam subtus terra quam supra 
terrain, ad predictas terras cum pertinenciis spectantibus, seu quouismodo spectare 
valentibus, in futurum, adeo libere, quiete, plenarie, integre, et honorifice, in omni- 
bus et per omnia, sicut ego predictus Willehnus predictas terras cum pertinenciis 
ante confectionem presentium tenui vol possedi, seu aliquis predecessorum meoriun 
liberius tenuit seu possedit : [Quibus] heredibus de corpore dicti Jacobi legittime pro- 
creandis forte deficientibus, quod absit ; volo quod terre cum pertinentiis michi et 
heredibus meis imperpetuum [libere] reuertant : Ac etiam volo quod dictus Jacobus 
et heredes sui de corpore suo legittime procreandi, de predictis terris cum pertinenciis, 
wardam faciant consuetam domino meo capitali, domino meo de Bothernokis, quum- 
cunque per ipsum Jacobiun vel heredes suos predictos contigerit wardam et releuium 
de dictis terris cum pertinenciis esse faciendam, et tres sectas curie annuatim ad tria 
placita sua capitalia de Bothernokis : Soluendo etiam eidem domino meo capitali quad- 
raginta denarios argenti annuatim de predictis terris cum pertinenciis ad nundinas de 
Glasgv ; Ac etiam reddendo michi et heredibus meis annuatim dictus Jacobus et 
heredes sui de corpore suo legittime procreandi, vnum denarium argenti nomine albe 
ferme, ad festum Pentecostes, apud Katconvall, si petatur tantiun, pro omnibus aliis 
seruiciis secularibus, exactionibus et demandis, que de dictis terris cum pertinenciis 
exigi poterint vel requiri : Ego vero dictus Willelmus et heredes mei, omnes predictas 
terras cum pertinenciis, in omnibus et per omnia vt prescriptum est, predicto Jacobo 
et heredibus suis predictis, contra omnes homines et feminas, Warantizabimus, acqui- 
etabimus et imperpetuum defendemus : In cuius rei testimonium sigillum meum pre- 
sentibus est appensum, apud Katconvall, decimo die mensis Octobris, anno domini 
millesimo tricentesimo octogesimo primo : Hiis testibus, Roberto de Danielstoun milite 
domino ejusdem, Andrea de Conynghame, Dauid de Hamyltoun domino de Cadegeow, 
Johanne filio domini Walteri, Roberto de Levyngstoun domino de Drumry, Johanne 
de Parco, armigeris, et multis aliis. 

Confirmation by David of Hamyltoun, and Jonet of Keth his spouse, of the above 

charter, 11th October 1381. 

7. Omnibus hanc cartam visuris vel audituris, Dauid de Hamyltone, et Joneta de Keth, 
sponsa sua, Salutem in Domino sempiternam : Sciatis nos quandam cartam Willelmi 
de Galbrath, domini de Katconvall, non rasam, non abolitam, non suspectam, nee in 
aliqua parte sui viciatam, sed omni vicio et suspicione carentem, vidisse, et diligenter 



204 KEIR PAPERS. [1408. 

inspexisse, in hec verba : Omnibus [etc. ut in Carta No. 6] : Quarnquidem car- 
tam nos Dauid et Joneta predicti, in omnibus punctis, articulis, modis, et circum- 
stanciis quibuscunque, forma pariter et efFectu, in omnibus et per omnia vt predictum 
est, ratificamus, approbamus, et pro nobis et heredibus nostris imperpetuum confirma- 
mus : In cuius rei testimonium presenti carte confirmacionis nostre sigilla nostra sunt 
appensa, apud manerium nostrum de Dalserfe, vndecimo die mensis Octobris, anno 
Domini milleshno tricentesimo octogesimo primo : Hiis testibus, Domino Roberto de 
Danielstone milite, domino eiusdem, Andrea de Conynghame, Johanne filio Domini 
Walteri, Roberto de Levyngstone, domino de Drumry, Jobanne de Hamyltone, filio 
nostro et berede, Jobanne de Parco, Roberto de Syrnpyll, armigeris ; Domino Johanne 
Wyschard, Canonico Glasguensi, et multis aliis. 

Charter by Matthew [G-lendoning] Bishop of Glasgow, to William of Striuelyne, 
of the lands of Cadare. [1408]. 

Uniuersis sancte matris ecclesie filiis hanc cartam visuris vel audituris, Matheus 
permissione diuina Episcopus ecclesie Glasguensis, Salutem cum benedictione diuina. 
Nouerit vniuersitas vestra nos, cuin consensu et assensu capituli nostri ecclesie predicte, 
dedisse concessisse et hac presenti carta nostra confirmasse dilecto nostro Willehno 
de Striuelyne vassallo, filio et heredi quondam domini Johannis de Striuelyne militis, 
domini de Cadare, pro suo homagio et seraicio nobis et ecclesie nostre impenso et 
impendendo, omnes et singulas terras cle Cadare cum pertinenciis, in baronia nostra de 
Glasgu, infra vicecomitatum de Lanark. Tenendas et habendas omnes et singulas 
dictas terras de Cadare cum pertinenciis, de nobis et successoribus nostris episcopis, et 
dicta ecclesia nostra Glasguensi, dicto Willebiio et heredibus suis, per omnes rectas 
metas et diuisas suas in feodo et hereditate imperpetuum, in boscis, planis, viis, semi- 
tis, moris et marrasiis, in pratis, pascuis, et pasturis, in petariis, virgultis et turbariis, 
in aucupacionibus, piscacionibus, et venacionibus, in molendinis, multuris et eorum 
sequelis, in fabrinis et brasinis, in curiis et earurn exitibus, in heryetis, marchetis et 
bludewytis, in tenandriis et libere tenencium seruiciis, vna cum libero introitu et exitu 
ac cum omnibus et singulis aliis libertatibus commoditatibus asiamentis et iustis per- 
tinenciis suis quibuscunque, tarn non nominatis quani nominatis, tarn procul quam prope, 
tam sub terra, quam supra terram, ad omnes et singulas dictas terras cum pertinenciis 
spectantibus seu quoquo modo spectare iuste valentibus in futurum, adeo libere, quiete, 
integre, honorifice, bene et in pace, sicut dictus quondam dominus Johannes pater 
suus, omnes et singulas dictas terras de Cadare de nobis et predecessoribus nostris 



1405.] CHARTERS, ETC. 205 

ac ecclesia nostra predicta, aliquo tempore tantumfacto [liberius], quiecius, integrius, 
honorificencius, melius et pacificiencius tenuit et possedit. Reddendo inde annuatim 
nobis et successoribus nostris, ac ecclesie nostre predicte, prenominatus Willelmus 
et heredes sui, quatuor libras usualis monete per equates porciones, ad festa pente- 
costes et sancti martini in yeme, et tres sectas curie ad tria placita nostra capitalia 
dicte Baronie, cum warda, releuio, et aliis seruiciis debitis et consuetis. Quas vero 
omnes et singulas terras predictas de Cadare cum pertinenciis, Nos et successores 
nostri ac ecclesia nostra predicta, prefato Willelmo et heredibus suis in omnibus vt 
supradictum est contra omnes gentes mortales Warandizabinius, acquietabimus et im- 
perpetuum defendemus. In cuius rei testimonium Sigillum nostrum, vna cum Sigillo 
communi predicti capituli nostri presenti carte nostre est appensurn apud Glasgu. 
Hiis testibus, Magistro Symone de Mundavilla Archidiacono, Magistro Jobanne de 
Hawik Precentore ecclesie nostre predicte, Domino Symone de G-lendunwyne milite, 
et Domino Jobanne de Hawik presbitero ac publico notario cum multis aliis. 

Transumpt of Charter by Malcolm, Earl of Lennox, dated 16th January 1278, and 
of another writ, dated 10th October 1100, both transumed on penult July 1405. 

In Dei nomine Amen. Vniuersis presens publicum instrumentmn inspecturis uel 
audituris pateat manifeste, quod anno a nativitate Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
quinto, Indictione duodecima, mensis Julii die penultima, Pontificatus sanctissimi in 
Christo patris et domini nostri, domini Benedicti diuina prouidencia Pape terciidecimi, 
anno vndecimo: In mei notarii publici et testium subscriptorum presencia, personaliter 
constitutus nobilis vir, Johannes Cambell dominus de Westpart de Galstoun, quasdam 
literas quondam nobilium virorum Malcohni Comitis de Levenax, et Walteri de Dan- 
yelstoun domini de Blacburn, sub sigillis suis propriis sigillatas, non rasas, non abolitas, 
nee aliqua parte viciatas rnichi tradidit perlegendas et a me notario cum instancia 
petiit sub signo publico fideliter copiari, quarum quidem literarum tenores secuntur in 
hunc modum videlicet : Tenor prime litere est talis : Omnibus hoc scriptum visuris uel 
audituris Malcolmus Comes de Levenax salutem in Domino sempiternam ; Noueritis 
me dedisse, concessisse et hoc presenti Scripto meo, pro me et heredibus meis, confir- 
masse, domino Willelmo de Galbrath militi, omnes et singulas terras de Kyrkmychell 
et de Drummade, iacentes in comitatu de Levenax supra Levyn. Tenendas et habendas 
totas dictas terras cum pertinenciis predicto Willelmo et heredibus suis de me et 
heredibus meis in feodo et hereditate imperpetuum. Reddendo inde dictus Willelmus 
et heredes sui, uiichi et heredibus meis, vnum par caligarum de scarleto, ad primum 

2d 



206 KEIR PAPERS. [1414. 

iiitroitum ipsius Willelnii et hereduni suorum, apud manerium menm de Belach, nomine 
albe firme tantum, pro omni alio seruicio seculari aetione demanda ucl clameo que per 
me uel heredes meos in dictis terris cum pertineneiis aliqualiter in futurum exigi pote- 
rint uel requiri. In cuius rei testimonium Sigillum meum presentibus est appensum, 
apud Bullull decimo sexto die mensis Januarii, anno Domini millesimo ducentesimo 
septuagesimo octauo. Testibus, domino Willelmo Byset et domino Johanne de Bykyr- 
ton militibus, et multis aliis. Item tenor secunde litere talis est. Beit knawyn til al 
men that thir presents letteris seis or heris, at I Walter of Danuelstoun lorde of Black- 
burn beris witnes, that Johnne Cambellis land of the Galstoun, and his landys of 
Bothernok, ar na farther oblist to me, na to myne ayris, na to myne assignes, bot anyely 
to tak of tha landis ilke yher ten markis qwyll that John Cambell or his ayrys or his 
assignes pay to me, or to myne ayrys or to myne assignes, a hundreth markis of gude 
and vsuale monay of the kynryk of Scotland apon a day, in the paroche kyrk of Dun- 
bretane on the he [altar] ; And eftar that payement tha landys nevir to be distrenyt na 
pundyt throw me na myne ayris na myne assignes for that ten markis. In the witnes 
of this my sele is set at Dunbretane, the tend day of the month of October, in the 
yher of our lorde a thowsand and four hundreth. Acta sunt hec apud Are in cimiterio 
fratrum predicatorum eiusdem, anno, indictione, mense, die et pontificatu premissis; Pre- 
sentibus ibidem prouidis viris Reginaldo de Fynvyk, Johanne de Crawforde, Johanne 
Coll, Patricio Marschell, Nigello Dugalan burgensibus de Are, et multis aliis testibus 
ad premissa vocatis specialiter et rogatis 

Et ego Walterus de Are, Glasguensis diocesis publicus apostolica et imperiali 
auctoritate notarius ; Premissarum literarum traditioni et perlectioni vna cum 
prenominatis testibus presens interfui, ipsasque literas de verbo in verbum per- 
legi et in hunc modum copiaui, nil addens ucl minuens, quod sensum viciare po- 
terit aut variarc intellectionem, hoc instrmnentum manu propria scripsi hicque 
me subscripsi, et signo meo solito signaui, requisitus specialiter et rogatus in 
testimonium premissorum. 
W. Are. 



Charter by Euphemia, Countess Palatine of Stratherne, to Lucas of Streuelyn, of 
the lands of Westeretherne, 8th October 1414. 

10. Eufamia Comitissa Palatina de Stratherne, Vniuersis Christi fidelibus ad quorum 
noticiam presentes litere peruenerint, eternam in Domino salutem. Vestra nouerit 
vniuersitas nos, in nostra pura et legitima viduitate constituta, dedisse, concessisse et 



1414.] CHARTERS, ETC. 207 

hac presenti carta nostra confirniasse, dilecto armigero nostro, Luce de Streuelyn, pro 
seruicio suo nobis impenso et inipendendo, omnes et singulas terras de Westeretherne 
cum pertinenciis, iacentes infra Coinitatuni nostrum predictum de Stratherne, quas 
idem Lucas, non vi aut metu ductus nee errore lapsus, sed sua mera et spontanea 
voluntate, causa talliacionis inter ipsum et Willelmum de Streuelyn dominum de 
Cadar fiende, nobis apud Dunblane sursum dedit, ac totum jus et clameum, quod 
vnquam habuit uel habere potuit pro se et heredibus suis, pure et simpliciter resignauit. 
Tenendas et habendas omnes et singulas terras predictas cum pertinenciis predicto 
Luce de Streuelyne, et heredibus suis masculis de corpore suo legitime procreatis 
uel procreandis, quibus forte deficientibus Willebno de Streuelyne domino de Cadare 
predicto, et heredibus suis masculis de corpore suo legitime procreatis seu procreandis, 
quibus forte deficientibus legitimis ac propinquioribus heredibus masculis de cognomine 
Streuelyne quibuscunque, quibus omnibus, quod absit, deficientibus, legitimis ac pro- 
pinquioribus heredibus dicti Luce quibuscunque reuertendas, de nobis et heredibus 
nostris ac successoribus in feodo et hereditate imperpetuum, per omnes rectas metas 
suas et diuisas, in boseis, planis, vijs, semitis, moris, et marresijs, pratis, pascuis, et 
pasturis, aquis, stagnis, aucupacionibus, piscacionibus et venacionibus, cum curijs 
et earum exitibus, molendinis et eorum sequelis, heryheldis, et merehetis, brasinis, 
fabrinis, petarijs, et turbarijs, cum omnibus et singulis alijsque libertatibus, com- 
moditatibus, aisiamentis ac iustis pertinenciis quibuscunque, tarn non nominatis quam 
nominatis, tarn procul quam prope, tarn sub terra quam supra terrain, ad predictas 
terras cum pertinenciis spectantibus seu spectare valentibus quoquo modo in futuram. 
Reddendo inde annuatim nobis et heredibus ac successoribus nostris, dicti Lucas et 
heredes sui masculi talliati predicti, tres sectas in anno ad tria placita nostra capitalia 
Comitatus de Stratherne, et vnum denarium argenti apud Foulis, die Pentecostes, hora 
prandij, nomine albe firme si petatur tantum, pro warda et releuio, ac maritagijs, 
omnique alio seruicio seculari exactionc seu demanda que de dictis terris cum per- 
tinenciis, per nos uel heredes nostros aut successores, aliqualiter exigi poterint uel 
requiri. Nos vero Eufamia heredes nostri et successores, omnes et singulas terras 
predictas cum pertinenciis, predicto Luce et heredibus suis masculis forma predicta 
talliatis, contra omnes mortales Warantizabinius, acquietabimus, et imperpetuum de- 
fendemus. In cuius rei testimonium sigillum nostrum presentibus apponi fecimus, 
apud Perth, octauo die mensis Octobris, Anno domini Millesimo Quadringentesimo 
Decimoquarto. Testibus Roberto Seneseallo Comite de Fyfe et de Menteth, Gubernatore 
Scocie, Waltero Seneseallo Comite Adtholie et Cathinensie, auunculis nostris carissimis, 
Willielmo domino de Grame, Johanne de Wemys domino eiusdem, militibus, Dauid 



208 KE1R PAPERS. [1422. 

de Morauia de Gask, Thoma Brisbane, Trestranio de Gorty, scutiferis nostris, et 
niultis aliis. 



Wadset by George Cambeel, Laird of the West part of the Gallystoun, to William 
of Streuelyne, Lord of Cadar, of his lands of the Gallisholme, 3rd August 1422. 

11. Tyl al and syndry at thir present letteris herys or seis, me George Cambeel lard 
of the west part of the Gallystoun, sendys gretyng in God aye lestand. Wyt ze 
me, nocht throw na strencht na throw dred led, na error down sledyn, bot my nawyn 
fre and gud wil, tyl haf wede set and in mouabil wede tyl haf latyng, til a nobil man, 
Willzam of Strewyllyng lord of Cadar, al my landis of the Gallis holme with thair 
a pertenance to me pertenande, in the lardsehep of the west part of the Gallystoun, 
lyande with in the syrraydowm of Are ; for twenti mark of vsual monetht of Scotland 
to me in my mekylmystare and streynand nede be for hand fullyly payit, of the qwhylk 
for sayid some I hald me weile content and bodyly payit, and the for said Willzam 
of Strewynlyng, his ayeris executouris and assygnayis, I qwyt cleme perpetuely be thir 
present. Hafand and for to be had al tha for sayid landis, wit thar pertenance qwhat- 
sumeuer thai be, to the for said Willzam of Strewynlyng, and his ayeris executouris 
and assygnayis, fra me and my ayeris executouris and assygnayis, in naynie of wed set- 
tyng, perpetuely, with outyng ony gane callyng, frely, qwhytly, fullyly, halyly, weile and 
in pese, be al rychtwys markis, marchis, and thair dewyssis, in lenycht and in brede, wit 
medowis, fudis and pastoris, with al and syndry othyr fredomys, comoditheis, hesementis, 
and thair rychtwyse pertenence qwhatsumeuer thai be, alswel nocht nemnyt as nerunyt, 
alswel wndyr erde as a bown, alswel far as nere, to the for said landis wit thair perte- 
nance, bydand or throw law may byd, be ony maner of way in tyme to cum, qwhill the 
for said some bo me or be my lauchtful ayeris, of oure awyn propyl - gudis, and of 
na noderis borwt na procuryt na resawyt, bot be twys ye ryssyng of the soune of 
a day, and the down fallyng, in the bee kyrke of Glasgu, a pon the hee alter, to 
the for said Willzame, his ayeris executouris and assygnes, fullyly war payit, al fraude 
and gyil a way put. I wil aswa and I grant that the frowtis for sucht fremis, malis, 
provent of the said landis wit thair pertinence, in the for said payment, nodyr in 
al na in part, I wil na way be eontyt, bot tha provent wit the said Wilzame, and his 
ayeris executouris and assignayis, for his consel helppis and gud merytis to me 
hedirtyll downe I wil halyly to ramayne. And I for sucht, the for said Gorge, and 
my ayeris my executouris and my assygnayis, and al our landis be for said with thair 
rychtwys pertenence, and al and syndry othyr conwencionis in this wryt contenyt. 



1423.] CHARTERS, ETC. 209 

in all pntys and artikyllis, to the for said Willzame, and til his ayei'is executouris 
and assygnayis, agayne al dede lyk, we sal warand, qwyt clenie and perpetuely defende. 
And thar a toure gyf it hapynnis me, or myn ayeris or niyn executouris, or myn 
assygnayis, as God for bed it do, til agayne say or mowffe rnwt or stryfe, or pled agayne 
this wed settyng, or ony pnyt or artikyl contenyit in it, I oblyss me myn ayeris execu- 
touris or assygnayis in twenti pund of vsuel monetht, to be payit to the said Willzame, 
his ayeris executouris and assygnayis, in name of scathis and interess, and othyr twenti 
pund to be payit to the kyrk werk of Glasgu, in name of payne, be for that I, myn 
ayeris executouris and assignes be herde in ony jugement be for ony Jugis of the 
kyrk or secular ; this present wryt of wede settyng neuer the les remanand in al fors 
and in effet in the awyn strencht as is be for wrytyng. In wyttenes of the qwkilk 
thyngis my sele to this present wryt I haf put to, at the cete of Glasgu, the thryd 
day of the monetht of August the yhere of our Lord P'CCCC and xxii ; wyttenes 
here of, Mayster Johne Stewart Sodane of Glasgu, Schir Johne of Dalgless and Schir 
Thomas Wane, Sir Johne of Park and Schir Rechard Gardener. 

Retour of Lucas of Streuelyn as heir of William of Streuelyn, his father, in the 
lands of Rathorane, &c, 11th January 1423. 

12. Hec Inquisicio facta fuit apud Perth, vndecimo die mensis Januarii, anno Domini 
millesimo quadringentesimo vicesimo tercio, coram domino Waltero Senescallo de 
Railstoune, vicecomite de Perth, de mandato domini nostri Gubernatoris Scocie, per 
subscriptos ad hoc magno sacramento oneratos et juratos, viz., Dominos Johannem 
de Dromond et Willeknum de Rothven niilites, Willehnimi de Erskyn, Robertum de 
Roos, Patricium de Morauia, Andream de Dromond, Thomam de Roos, Dauid de 
Ramsay, Ricardum de Wause, Johannem de Abercrumby, Michaelem Mercer, Johan- 
nem de Rettre, Johannem de Camera, et Johannem de Dalrimpill. Qui jurati 
dicunt, quod quondam Willelmus de Streuelyn, pater Luce de Streuelyn latoris 
presencium, obiit vestitus et saisitus ut de feodo, ad paeem et fidem domini nostri 
Regis, de quinque denariatis terre in Rathorane, et de vna dcnarita que vocatur 
Garwpennyngis. et de duabus denariatis de Bartychkeregyll, et de vna denarita de 
Fekirfaltach de vtrimque Logane, et de vna denarita de Hachyquhatlach et de 
dimidietate denarita de Cragnamoychenach, jacentibus in dominio de Lome infra 
vicecomitatmii de Perth predictum. Et quod dictus Lucas est legitimus et propinquior 
heres eiusdem quondam Willelmi patris sui de dictis terris cmn pertinentiis. Et quod 
est legitime etatis. Et quod dicte terre nunc valcnt per annum quinque marcis, et 



210 KEIR PAPERS. [1432. 

valuerunt tempore pacis viginti quinque marcis. Et quod tenentur de domino de 
Lome in capite, pro vno pare ealcarium uel valore eorundeni ad festum Pentecostes 
annuatim. Et quod sunt in manibus domini de Lome per triginta annos et vltra, 
ob mortem dicti Willelmi Stryuelyn in defectu legitimi heredis non prosequentis jus 
suum. In cujus rei testimonium sigilla quorundam qui dicte inquisitioni intererant 
faciende huic inquisitioni apponuntur, clause sub sigillo dicti domini vicecomitis, hoc 
brevi incluso, loco, die, mense, et anno supradictis. 

Brieve from the Chancery of King James I. for serving William of Striuelyn heir 
of John of Striuelyn, Knight, his father, 1432. 

13. Jacobus dei gratia Rex Scotorum, vicecomiti et balliuis suis de Perth salutem. 
Mandamus vobis et precipimus quatenus, per probos et fideles homines patrie, per 
quos rei ueritas melius sciri poterit, magno sacramento interueniente, diligentem et 
fideleru inquisitionem fieri faciatis : De quibus terris et annuis redditibus cum per- 
tinentiis quondam Johannes de Striuelyn miles, pater Willelmi de Striuelyn latoris 
presentiiun, obiit ultimo vestitus et saisitus, ut de feodo, ad pacem et fidem nostram, 
infra balliam vestram. Et si dictus Willelmus sit legitimus et propinquior heres 
eiusdem quondam patris sui de dictis terris et annuis redditibus cum pertinentiis. 
Et si sit legitime etatis. Et quantum valent dicte terre et annui redditus cum per- 
tinentiis nunc per annum. Et quantum valebant tempore pacis. A quo tenentur 
et per quod seruitium tenentur. [In cuius manibus nunc existunt] qualiter per quern, 
ob quam causam, et a quo tempore. Et quid per dictam inquisitionem diligen- 
ter et fideliter factam esse [inueneritis sub sigillo vestro bailie et sigillis] eorum qui 
dicte inquisitioni intererent faciende ad capellam nostram mittatis, et hoc breue. 
Teste ineipso apud 

regni nostri vicesimo sexto. 

Retour of William of Striueline as heir of John of Striueline, Knight, his father, 
in the lands of Regortoun, 29th April 1432. 

14. Hec Inquisicio facta fuit apud Perth, vicesimo nono die mensis Aprilis, anno Domini 
millesimo cccc'V xxxii d .° , coram Johanne de R[uthven,] deputato vicecomitis de Perth, 
per hos subscriptos, ad hoc magno sacramento oneratos et iuratos, videlicet, Dominum 
Andream Gray de Fowlis militem, Robertum Rose, Thomam Charters, Johannem 
Hering, Patricium de Reitre, Finlaimi Butter. Patricimn Butter, Thomam de Monor- 



1433.] CHARTERS, ETC. 211 

gimde, Johannem Rose, Donaldiun de Blare, Archibaldum Stewart, Nicholaum Kymnan, 
Alexandnrm Graharne, Malcolmum de Muncreyfe. Qui iurati dicunt, quod quondam 
dorninus Johannes de Striueline miles, pater Willelmi de Striueline latoris presen- 
ciiun, obiit vltimo vestitus et saisitus, ut de feodo, ad pacem et fidem domini nostri 
regis, de terris de Regortoun cum pertinenciis iacentibus infra vicecomitatuni de Perth. 
Et quod dictus Willelmus est legitimus et propinquior heres eiusdeni quondam domini 
Johannis patris sui de dictis terris cum pertinenciis. Et quod est legitime etatis. 
Et quod dicte terre cum pertinenciis nunc valent per annum xiiii mercis, et valuerunt 
tempore pacis decern libris. Et quod dicte terre cum pertinenciis tenentur in capite 
de Waltero de Haliburton, domino snperiore earundem, pro warda et releuio. Et quod 
sunt in manibus dicti Walter! ob mortem quondam dicti domini Johannis, iam viginti 
quatuor annis elapsis, ob causam quod dicte terre de dicto Waltero tenentur in capite. 
In cuius rei testimonium sigilla quorundam qui dicte inquisitioni intererant faciende 
huic inquisitioni apponuntur, clause sub sigillo dicti deputati viceconiitis, hoc brevi 
incluso, loco, die, mense et anno supradictis. 



Instrument of Sasine in favour of Lucas of Stirling of the Lands of the Kere, 

22nd January 1433. 

15. In Dei nomine Amen. Per hoc presens publicum instrumentmn cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod anno ab Incarnacione Domini Millesinio quadringentesimo tricesimo 
tercio, Indictione vndechna, die vicesimo secundo mensis autem Januarij, pontificatus 
sanctissimi in Christo patris ac domini nostri, domini Ewgenij pape quarti, anno tercio: 
In niei notarij publici et testium subscriptorum prescncia, personaliter constitutus 
honorabilis vir, Robertus Grainc de Kynpounte, quandam literam inpergameno scriptam, 
cum sigillo dependente nobilis domini, Normani de Lesly de Rothess, cum cera alba ab 
extra rubea ab infra vt apparuit sigillatam, sanam et integram, non viciatam, non can- 
cellatam, non rasam, nee abolitam, nee in aliqua sua parte suspectani, sed omni prorsus 
vicio et suspicione carentem, michi notario publico tradidit perlegendam, cuius tenor 
sequitur et est talis. Be it kende till all men be thir present Letteris, me Norman 
Lesly of the Rothess, till haue made, constitute and ordanit, and be thir my present 
Letteris makis, constitutis and ordanis my lufit cwsyng, Robert the Grame of Kynpounte, 
my Baize of all my landis of the Kere, liande with in the regalite of Stratherne, 
gifande and grauntande to the saide Robert my baize, my full pouer and speciale 
commaundment to gif eretabill sesyng of my landis of the Kere as of wedset, efter the 
tenore of the saide Lucas chartir, to Lucas of Stirling, or till his certane attornay. In 



212 KEIR PAPERS. [1434. 

the witnace of the qwilk thing, I hafe set to my sele, at the for saide landis of the Kere, 
the xviii day of the moneth of December, the yher of oure Lorde a M.cccc™ xxx'.' and 
thre. Qua visa et perlecta, prouidus vir, Lucas de Stirling de Retheme, petiit a dicto 
Roberto Granie, vt secundum tenorem carte dicto Luce de Stirling confecte, sasinam 
hereditariam sibi daret predictarum terrarum de Kere cum pertinenciis, jure heredi- 
tario contingentium, dicto Nonnano de Lesly ; hoc dicto, dictus Robertus Grame pre- 
dicto Luce de Stirling et heredibus suis sasinam hereditariam predictarum terrarum de 
Kere, saluo jure cuiuslibet vt moris est, per terram et lapidem tradidit. Super quibus 
omnibus et singulis dictus Lucas de Stirling a me notario publico sibi fieri petiit 
publicum instrumentum. Acta fuerunt hee apud manerium de Kere, hora quasi 
decima ante merediem, sub anno, indictione, die, mense, loco et pontificatu supradictis : 
Presentibus, Thoma Grame filio et herede Roberti de Grame, Johanne Knokis, Johanne 
Swyntoune domino eiusdem, Domino Johanne Blacolm capellano, Thoma de Row, 
Andrea Bell, Willelmo Grenok, Johanne Magno de Row, Jorgeo Arnot, Johanne 
Arnot, Johanne de Stilling, Patricio M°Inrosich, et multis aliis testibus ad premissa 
vocatis specialiter et rogatis. 

Et ego Andreas Ancolson, clericus Dunblanensis diocesis, publicus auctoritate 
apostolica notarius. Premissis omnibus et singulis dura sic vt premittitur, 
fierent, agerentur et dicerentur, vna cum prenominatis testibus presens interfui. 
Eaque omnia et singula sic fieri vidi, sciui et audiui, et in banc publicam formam 
redegi, vnum presens publicum instrumentum, manu mea propria scriptum, signo 
meo et subscriptione signaui, in fidem et testimonium veritatis omnium premis- 
sorum. Et ad maiorem rei securitateni sigillum dicti Roberti Grame de 
Kynpounte presenti scripto est appensum dictis die et loco quibus supra. 

Seal : On a chief engrailed, three escallops : Supporters, Two Lions : 
Crest, a Stag's head cabossed : Legend, ' S. Roberti grame.' 
A. Ancolson. 



Instrument of Sasine in favour of William of Strevelyng of the lands of Cadare, 

23rd June 1434. 

16. In nomine Domini Amen. Per presens publicum instrumentum cunctis pateat eui- 
denter, quod anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo tricesimoquarto, die vero mensis 
Junii xxiii, Indictione duodecima, Pontificatus sanctissimi in Christo patris et domini 
nostri, domini Eugenii diuina prouidentia pape quarti, anno quarto: In mei notarii 
publici et testium subscriptormn presencia, personaliter constitutus nobilis vir, Regin- 




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1437.] CHARTERS, ETC. 213 

aldus de Craufurd scutifer, Balliuus baronie de G-lasgu, habens in maiiu quandam 
literam saisine directani a capella domini Episcopi Glasguensis, asserens quod se velle 
ea que precepebantur in dicta litera adhnplere, tradidit saisinam hereditariani terrarum 
de Caddare cum pertinenciis, per terram et lapides ut est moris, Willelmo de Streuelyng, 
filio et heredi quondam Willelnii Streuelyng domini dictarum terrarum de Caddare, qui 
quidem Willehnus de Streuelyng nunc superstes, ut idem Willelmus [sic, sed lege Reg- 
inalds] balliuus asseruit, per inquisitionem repertus fuit legittime etatis, ac legittimus et 
propinquior heres dicti quondam Willelmi patris sui. Super quibus omnibus et singulis 
prefatus Willelmus Streuelyng a me notario publico sibi fieri petiit publicum instru- 
mentum. Acta fuerunt bee apud turrim de Caddare, anno, mense, die, indictione et 
pontifieatu quibus supra. Presentibus venerabilibus et prouidis viris, Magistro Roberto 
de Moffath Thesaurario Glasguensi ac Vicario in spiritualibus reuerendi in Christo patris 
et domini, domini Johannis miseracione diuina Episcopi Glasguensis in remotis agentis, 
Alexandro Stewart de Vass, Alexandro de Craufurd scutiferis, Dominis Thoma de 
Lee, Johanne de Carrik presbiteris, et Henrico Michaelis burgense de Glasgu, cum 
multis aliis testibus ad premissa vocatis specialiter et rogatis. Et ad maiorem secu- 
ritatem premissorum, predictus Reginaldus balliuus suum sigillum apposuit presenti 
publico instrumento. 

Et ego Jobannes de Hawyk presbyter Glasguensis diocesis publicus auctoritate 
imperiali notarius, dicte saysine tradicioni, omnibusque aliis et singulis dum 
sic ut premittitur, agerentur et fierent, vna cum prenominatis testibus presens 
interfui ; eaque sic fieri, vidi et audiui, in notam recepi, ac inde presens pub- 
licum instrumentum, per alium scriptum, me aliis occupato, confeci, publicaui, 
et in banc publicam formam redegi, signoque meo solito me subscribendo signaui, 
rogatus in fidem et testimonium omnium premissorum. 

JO. DE H. 

Precept of Sasine by Walter of Halyburtone, Knigbt, Lord of tbat Rk, for infefting 
William of Strmelyne in a tenandry called Ragorton, 21st October 1437. 

17. Be it kende to all men thru tbir presentz lettres vs Walter of Halyburtone knycht 
lorde of that ilke and of Monythi, tilliaue made, stablyst and ordanyt, and be thir oui'e 
presentez lettres makis, stablyses and ordanys our luffit son, Robert off Halyburtone, 
oure baize in that parte, to gif heritable state, possessioun and sesyng to William of 
Striuelyne, of a tenandry haldin of vs quhilk is callit Ragorton, lyande within the saide 
oure lordscbip of Monythy. within the sheradome of Perth. Porquhi the saide Williame 



214 keir papers. [1437-42. 

broucht us the kyngis bref of conmiandinent to gif the saide sesyng to the saide Wil- 
liam be us or oure baize. To the quhilk thing lauchfully to be done we coinmyt to the 
saide Robert, oure baize in this parte, oure full power ; We haldande and for to halde 
ferine and stable all and quhat so thing the saide oure baize sail do lauchfully in the 
giffing of the saide sesyng in oure name. In the wytnessyng of this thing to thir oure 
presentez lettres we haue gert set oure seele, at Perth, the xxi day of the moneth of 
October, the yhere of our Lorde a thousande foure hundreth and thretty and sevin yher. 
Seal : Quarterly, 1st, a Bend charged with three Mascles : 
2nd, three bars : 3rd, a Bend : 4th as the first. 



Precept of Sasine by Isabel, Duchess of Albany and Countess of the Leuenax, in 
favour of James Stewart of Albany, 12th May 1437. 

18. Isabel, Duchez of Albany and Countas of the Leuenax, Til our loued Cosingis, Thomas 
and Malcolm Alexandersonez, Gretyng : Forthy that we haue gyffyne certane landis 
til our deirest nevo, Jamez Stewart of Albany, effter as is contenit in his charteris 
made tharvpone ; We charge zow coniunctly and seuerali, bath or ane, that ze pas 
with the sayd Jamez to the sayd landis, and giff hym heritable state sesyng and 
possessioun, in our name, of the said landis al and syndry, effter the tenour of his 
charter ; giffand and grantand to yhow and til ilkane of zow, our full powar and speciale 
commandment, the said sesyng heritable state and possessioun to gif to the said Jamez ; 
haldand ferme and stable for ys and our ayeris for euer : In wytnez of the qhuilkis 
til thir our lettrez our sele is to put, at Inchkalzach, the xij dai of May, ye zere 
of God I™ cccc"? xxxvijV . 

Charter by Isabella, Duchess of Albany, to Sir William of Dunbretane, Chaplain, 
of the lands of Bullull, 10th June 1442. 

19' Omnibus hanc cartam visuris vel audituris, Isabella Ducissa Albanie ac Comitissa 
de Leuenax, eternam in Domino salutem. Noueritis nos quasdani literas quondam 
antecessoris nostri bone memorie, Donaldi comitis de Leuenax, inspexisse et veraciter 
intellexisse, super terras de Bullull Superiori propinquius adiacentes ecclesie de Bullull, 
factas cuidam Roberto Clerk de Dunbretane, heredibus suis et suis assignatis, in feodo 
et hereditate, prout plenius in se continetur, pro quadam summa pecunie antique monete 
dicto domino comiti premanibus persoluta per dictum Robertum, quousque dictus 
dominus comes uel heredes sui predictam summam persoluerunt ; sicut in carta sibi 



1442.] CHARTERS, ETC. 215 

inde confecta denionstratur : Nos uero considerantes dictam terrain assignatani capelle 
sanete Marie de Dunbretane ad celebranda diuina in eadeni hnperpetuiun per 
dictum Kobertura, pro aniinabus cornituni de Leuenax, antecessorum et successorum 
suorum, et omnium fideliurn defunetorurn, quousque snmma predicta per heredes 
successores seu dicti domini comitis fuerit, ut continetur in carta, plenarie persoluta : 
Volentes huiusrnodi smnmani persoluere, renunciare, et dictarn terram de Bullull ad 
eandern capellara et diuinurn seruicimn in eadem annexare, pro nobis et heredibus 
nostris et successoribus imperpetuiun confirmare, pro salute amine quondam illus- 
trissimi principis, Regis Roberti Broyce, antecessorum et successorum suorum, 
Region Scocie, et pro salute anime Duncani, quondam progenitoris nostri, comitis 
de Leuenax, antecessorum et successorum suorum, comitum de Leuenax, anime nostre 
matris, prolium, et omnimn fideliiun defunctormn, Damus, concedimus, et per presentes 
confirmamus, dictas terras de Bullull, cum pertinenciis, domino Willelmo de Dunbre- 
tane, moderno capellano, pro toto tempore vite sue, et successoribus suis capellanis in 
eadem capella diuina celebraturis imperpetuiun. . . . Adeo libere et quiete, 
plenarie et honorifice, bene et in pace, sicut aliqua terra elemosinarie alicui capelle seu 
capellanie infra regnum Scocie, liberius conceditur siue datur, seu dari potuit uel con- 
cedi ; nichil nobis seu heredibus seu successoribus quibuscunque reddendo inde, 
nisi oracionum suffragia tantiun, pro omni alio seruicio seculari uel demanda, que 
per nos heredes uel successores nostros de eisdem terris exigi poterunt uel requiri : 
Et si contingat nos dictam Isabellam, heredes nostros assignatos seu successores nostros 
quoscunque, vel aliquos alios nomine nostro, contra hanc concessionem nostram, uel 
presens scriptum, uel aliquod in ipso contentvnn, futuris temporibus palam uel occulte, 
uerbo uel facto, contrauenire uel contradicere aut litem mouere, quod absit ; obligamus 
nos, heredes nostros assignatos et eciam successores nostros, et eorum quemlibet, et 
quoscunque alios nomine nostro, contrauenientes aut contrauenientem, contradicentes 
aut contradicentem litem mouentes aut mouentem, in centum libris sterlingorum 
antiquorum, dicto domino Willelmo capellano, et successoribus suis capellanis, et suis 
assignatis, nomine debite dampnorum et expensarum et interesse persoluendis, et in 
quadraginta libris vsualis monete regni Scocie, fabrice ecclesie maioris Glasguensis 
nomine pene persoluendis, prinio die litis mote antequam coram quocunque iudice 
ecclesiastico seu seculari in premissis audiamur persoluendis, presente tamen scripto 
in suo robore semper permanente, nullo remedio iuris obstante in contrarium : Et 
nos uero dicta Isabella, heredes nostri assignati et successores, dictam terram de 
Bulbil dicte capelle cum pertinenciis, in forma premissa, in omnibus sicut prescription 
est, contra omnes mortales, Warantizabimus, acquietabimus, et imperpetuum defendemus : 



216 KEIE PAPERS. [1442. 

In cuius rei testimonium sigillum nostrum presentibus duximus apponendum, apud 
Inchmoryne, decimo die mensis Junii, anno Domini millesimo cccc™° quadragesinio 
seeundo, coram Mis testibus, Andrea Stewart, Murdaco Stewart, niilitibus, Alano 
Stewart, Arthuro Stewart, Waltero Stewart, nepotibus nostris, Patricio de Corntoun 
capellano nostro, Jacobo Nobill, Jobanne Palmer, Thoma Arthuri, Donaldo Clerici, 
et aliis. 

Decree at the instance of William of Striuelyne, Laird of Cadar, against Gilbert of 

Striuelyn, 21st January 1442. 

20. James and James be the grace of God Byschopis of Santandrowis and Dunkeldyn, 
Patrik Lorde the Grahame, and George of Setoun Lorde of that Ilk, Knychtis, Til 
al and syndry to quhais knawlagis thir oure lettris sal cum, Gretyng. Sen meidfull and 
merytabill thyng is to bere wytnes to the suthfastnes, tharfor it is that we bere 
wytnes, that in the caus of debate and controuersy moved betwene Wilzame of 
Striuelyne Larde of Cadar on the ta part, and Gilbert of Striuelyn on the tother 
part, vpoun the landis of Kyrkmychael Striuelyn, wyth the pertynence, lyande abovyn 
Levyn, wythin the Schh-efdome of Dunbertane ; quhare the said Wilzame had gert 
somounde the said Gilbert, be the kyngis letteris patent vnder his signet, to compere 
befor our souerane lorde the kyng and his consale in the castale of Striuelyn at a 
certane day, til answare til it that the kyngis consale and the party had to say til hym, 
for the wrangwyse occupacioun of the said landis ; at the qukilk tyme the said Gilbert 
comperyt as he was somonde as defendoure, and the said Wilzame comperyt as foloware. 
And thare the resonis and abaymentis of bath the forsaid partyes herde and sadly 
degestyt, wyth diligent commownyng, examinacioun and rype avysement ; We, wyth 
the remanande of lordis of counsale vnderwryttyn, decretyt and ordanyt that the said 
landis of Kyrkmychael Striuelyne wyth the pertynence sulde remayne wyth the said 
Wilzam as his fee and his herytage, because we fande hym possessoure of thaim 
lachfull and nocht the said Gilbert. Alswa we decretyt, that because at the said Gilbert 
had wrangwysly occupyit the said landis, that he sulde incontynent remufe and devoyde 
the said landis wyth al his gudis and decist from sic occupacioun in tyme to~cum. 
And attoure we decretyt and ordanit that the said Gilbert sulde pay the male of the 
said landis zerly to the said Wilzame, fra the tyme that the said Wilzame tuke state 
and seysyng of the said landis, to the day of the makyng of thir present letteris. Thir 
ar the lordis that war in cumpany wyth vs vpoun the said decrete, that is to say, 
Johne of Dischyngtoun lorde of Ardross, procurature for oure souerane lady the qvene, 



1446.] CHARTERS, ETC. 217 

Mayster Thomas of Luyndene procurature for the Erie of Anguse, Schir Wilzanie 
Lorde of Borthwike, Schii' Robert of Levyngstoun Lorde of Drumry, Scliir Alexander 
Ramsay Lorde of Dalwolsy, Alexander of Strathachyn procurature for the Lorde of 
Kethe, Schir Dauid of Dunbar Lorde of Cokburne, Schir Colyne Cambel, Schir Davy 
of Murrefe Lorde of Tulybardyn, Johne of the Sandylandis Lorde of Caldor, Malcohne 
of Drummonde Lorde of the Stob hall, James of Levyngstoun capytane of Striuelyne, 
Wilzanie of Levyngstoun of Balcastale, Mayster Johne of Baylistoun persoun of 
Douglas, secretare to the kyng, and Robert of Chesholme. In wytness of the quhilk 
thyng to thir present letteris we the saidis James and James, Byschopis, Patrik and 
George, Knychtis, has hungin oure seelis, at Striuelyn the xxi day of the moneth 
Januare, the zere of God a M. four hundreth fourty and twa zere. 






Instrument in favour of Gilbert of Striwlyne and Isabella his wife, concerning 
the lands of Estir Cadere, 3rd March 1446. 

21. In Dei nomine Amen. Per hoc presens publicum Instrunientiun cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod anno ab Incarnatione euisdem, secundum computationem Regni Scocie, 
millesimo cccc™ xlvi'.° ; mensis Marcii die tertia, Indictione x m . a , pontificatus sanc- 
tisshni in Christo patris et domini nostri, domini Eugenii diuina prouidencia pape 
quarti, anno decimo sexto: In mei Notarii publici et testium subscriptorum presencia, 
personaliter constitutus prouidus vir, Gilbertus de Striwylyne, veniens coram venerabi- 
libus viris, Magistris Dauid de Cadyhou Precentore, Patricio Leich, Dauid de Name, 
et Roberto de Prendergest, canonicis Ecclesie Glasguensis, produxit quoddam publicum 
instrumentmn, signo et subscriptione Magistri Roberti de Laweder canonici Glasguensis 
ac publici notarii confectum, quodquidem signmn cum subscriptione tunc per testes 
fidedignos probatum fuit. In quo instrumento contentum fuit, quod dictus Gilbertus 
de Striwylyne accessit ad dominum Episcopum Glasguensem et petiit quasdam terras 
ipsius Gilberti de Estir Cadyre, quas terras Rankynus de Crawfurd balliuus dicti 
domini Episcopi recognouit in manibus dicti Episcopi, tanquam in manibus domini 
superioris dictarum terrarum, sibi Gilberto replegiari, ac ipsum iterum cito in posses- 
sionem realem induci, nomine et ex parte Isabelle vxoris sue ; quiqnidem dominus 
Episcopus ad petitionem dicti Gilberti, predictas terras de Estir Cadere ipsi Gilberto, 



218 KEIR PAPEES. [1447. 

per ciroteee traditionem, nomine dicte vxoris sue, deliberauit ac ipsum Gilbertum ut 
prius in possessionem realem reduxit, saluo jure cuiuslibet. Verum dictus Gilbertus 
predictos duos canonicos cum instantia requisiuit quatenus suam memoriam de premissis 
declararent in testimonium veritatis. Predicti vero domini canonici, videlicet, Magistri 
Dauid de Cadyhou, Patricius Leich, et Dauid de Name asserebant et declarabant se 
bene habere in memoria quod talia facta fuerunt, prout in dicto instrumento continetur, 
cui instrumento referebant fidem ad adhibendam. Dictus vero Magister Robertus de 
Prendergest, pro se, asserebat et declarabat quod firmiter credit quod talia facta fuerunt, 
sed non bene recordatur, quod sunt octo anni elapsi, vt patet in dicto instrumento, cui se 
referebat et fidem similiter adhibebat. Super quibus omnibus et singulis dictus Gil- 
bertus de Striwylyne petiit a me Notario publico fieri publicum Instrumentum : Acta 
fuerunt hec in ecclesia Cathedrali Glasguensi, anno, mense, die, indictione et pon- 
tificatu quibus supra. Presentibus ibidem discretis viris, dominis Ricardo Cardiner 
Vicario de Gobnanell, Johanne de Mousfald, publico Notario, Jolianne de Camera et 
Thoma de Raburne, presbiteris Glasguensis diocesis, testibus ad premissa vocatis 
specialiter et rogatis. 

Et Ego Johannes de Hawyk presbiter Glasguensis diocesis publicus auctoritate 
Imperiali Notarius, premissis omnibus et singulis, dum sic vt prescribitur, 
agerentur et fierent, vna cum prenominatis testibus presens interfui. Eaque sic 
fieri, vidi et audiui, ac inde presens publicum instrumentum, per alium de man- 
dato meo scriptum, publicaui et in hanc publicam forniam redegi, signoque meo 
solito, me subscribendo, signaui, rogatus in fidem et testimonium omnium pre- 
missorum. Rasuris vero factis in istis dictionibus publicum instrumentum et 
cathedrali in xxi linia a principio huius instrumenti approbo cum premissis. 
Jo. de H. 

Instrument in favour of William Strivelyng Lord of Cader, of the lands of Estyrcader, 

28th May 1447. 

22. In Dei nomine Amen. Per hoc presens publicum instrumentum cunctis pateat euiden- 
ter, quod anno ab Incarnatione Domini millesimo cccc 1 ? xlvii™ , die vero xxviii mensis 
Maii, Indictione x, pontificatus sanctissimi in Christo patris et domini nostri, domini 
Nicholai diuina prouidentia pape quarti [sic, sed lege quinti] anno primo: In mei notarii 
publici et tcstium subscriptoriun presentia personaliter constitutus nobilis vir, Willelmus 
de Strivelyng dominus de Cader, personaliter accessit ad villain de Estyrcader jacentem 
infra dominium de Cader et baroniam de Glasgu, in multorum presentia exponendo 



1447.] CHARTERS, ETC. 219 

dixit, quod alias nobilis vir, doniinus Alexander de Levyngstoun miles, dominus de 
Calentare, terras suas de Estyrcader sine rationabili causa Juris uel rationis recognosci 
fecit, qua auctoritate ignorabat, non obstantibus quod quondam dominus Johannes de 
Stryvelyng miles, auus dicti Willelrni de Striuelyng, Willelmus de Striuelyng pater 
eiusdem Willelmi, et ipse Willelmus dominus de Cadere, fuerunt in legitima et pacifica 
possessione dictarum terrarum de Estyrcader cum pertinentiis a xlvi annis elapsis, et 
usque ad liunc diem, ut ipse Willelmus asseruit, idem dominus de Calenter antedictus, 
predictas terras de Estyrcader, contra communem formam et iuris ordinem, Gilberto de 
Striuelyng replegiari fecit, in ipsius Willelmi de Striuelyng preiudicium dampnum 
nonmodicum et grauamen. Hiis vero peractis, prefatus Willebnus de Striuelyng ad 
principale messuagium siue mansionem dictarum terrarum de Estircader accessit, dic- 
tumque Gilbertum de Striuelyng et Isabellam eius sponsam de dicto messuagio siue 
mansione expulsit et deiecit, ac etiam animalia et alia bona mobilia dictoriun Gilberti 
et Isabelle de dictis terris de Estircader per suum sergiandum remoueri fecit, necnon 
ibidem in eadem mansione per fractionem vnius vasis et extinctionem ignis dictam 
replegiationem siue intrusionem fregit, adnullauit, contradixit et reuocauit, Protestando 
ibidem, quod quamuis ipse Willelmus de Striuelyng, cum dictis terris suis cle Estircader 
protunc in futurum commode se intromittere non poterat, propter maiora dampna et 
pericula sibi lata, et in futurum pro eisdem inferenda, quod occupatio dicti Gilberti de 
Striuelyng, si qua fuerit sibi prefato Willelmo de Striuelyng quantum ad ius suum pos- 
sessionem seu proprietatem dictarum terrarum suarum de Estircadere nullum preiu- 
dicium generaret in futurum. Super quibus omnibus et singulis, prefatus Willelmus de 
Striuelyng, dominus de Cader antedictus, a me notario publico infra scripto, sibi fieri 
petiit publicum et publica, instrumentum et instrumenta. Acta fuerunt apud predictas 
terras de Estyrcader, sub anno, mense, die, Indictione et pontificatu suprascriptis. 
Presentibus ibidem discretis viris, dominis Roberto de Prendyrgest, Gilberto Clerk, 
presbiteris, Roberto Boyde scutifero, Jolianne Smyth, Henrico Gudewyne, burgensibus 
de Kyrkyntolache, Johanne Ambrose, Donaldo Talzowre et Thoma Talzoure laicis Glas- 
guensis diocesis, cum multis aliis testibus ad premissa vocatis specialiter et requisitis. 
Et Ego Johannes de Mousfald presbiter Glasguensis diocesis publicus auctori- 
tate Imperiali Notarius, premissis, etc. 
Johannes de Mousfald. 



220 KEIR PAPERS. [1448. 

Instrument of Resignation of the lands of Estir Cader, in favour of Patrick of 

Striueline — 1448. 

23. In nomine Domini Anien. Per hoc presens publicum Instrumentum [cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod] Anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo octauo, die 
vero [mensis ] secunda, et eiusdem diei hora quasi sexta post meridiem, Indic- 

tione vndecima, [Pontificatus sanctissimi in Christo] patris ac domini nostri, domini 
Nicholai diuina prouidentia pape quinti, anno secundo: In mei Notarii publici et 
testium subscriptorum presencia, personaliter constitutus Gilbertus de Streueline et 
Isabella Trepnay vxor sua, non vi aut metu ducti, nee errore lapsi, vt asseruerunt, sed 
vnanimi consensu pariter et assensu, pro ipsorum vtilitate, pure et simpliciter per fustem 
et baculum, duas partes terrarum de Estir Cadare cum pertinentiis, in manibus 
Reuerendi in Christo patris ac domini, domini Willelmi, Dei et Apostolice sedis gratia 
Glasguensis Episcopi, sursum Reddiderunt, vna cum possessione et proprietate earun- 
dem resignauerunt. Quibus sic factis et peractis, incontinenter et absque interuallo, 
dictus Reuerendus in Christo pater, tanquam dominus superior dictarum terrarum, 
honorabili viro, Patricio de Streueline filio dictorum Gilberti et Isabelle, dictas terras 
de Estir Cadare cum iustis pertinentiis contulit et dedit realiter cum efFectu. Ten- 
endas in capite de se et successoribus suis hereditarie, Episcopis Glasguensibus, prout 
antiquitus tenebantur, ac saluis iuribus et seruiciis de eisdeni terris sibi debitis et 
consuetis. Super quibus omnibus et singulis dictus Patricius de Streueline a me 
notario publico subscripto, vnum vel plura, publicum seu publica, sibi confici petiit 
instrumentum vel instrumenta. Acta fuerunt hec in Castro de Streueline, et in 
camera prefati reuerendi in Christo patris, sub" anno, die, mense, indictione, et j>on- 
tificatu quibus supra. Testibus ibidem nobilibus viris, videlicet, Jacobo de Levyng- 
stone, capitaneo castri de Streueline antedicti, dominis Andrea Stewart et Murdaco 
Stewart, militibus, magistro Johanne Spaldyne, Vicario de [Dunblane ?], Roberto de 
Morauia, Roberto Nory, Waltero Turnbull armigeris, et Johanne Ricardi burgense dicti 
burgi de Streueline, cum multis aliis, in testimonium vocatis specialiter et rogatis. 

Et Ego Johannes de Railstoune, presbyter Sancti Andree diocesis publicus 
auctoritate Imperiali notarius. Premissis, etc. 

1448 
Jo. de Railstoune. 



1448.] CHARTERS, ETC. 221 

Resignation by Lucas of Sterling of Bouchquhumgre, to George Lord the Leysly 
of Lewyn, of the lands of Bynzharty, 6th May 1448. 

24. Be it made kende till all men be thir present letteris, me Lwkas of Sterling of 
Bouchquhumgre, till hawe resignit, and be thir present letteris resignis, apone the 
sext day of the monethe of May, the yhere of Gode a thousande foure hundrethe 
fourty and acht yhcris, in the handis of ayn honorabille and a worschipfulle lorde, 
Jorge Lorde the Leysly of Lewyn my oure lord, alle and sindry my landis of 
Bynzharty and the Hillis of Ballingalle withe thayre pertinens, liande within the 
schirrefdome of Fiff and the barowny of Leysly, and haldyn of the baron of that 
ilke, at Leysly, the lordis cheif place of the sam barowny. To be haldyn and to be 
hade alle and sindry the forsaide landis of Bynzharty and the Hillis of Ballingalle 
with thayre pertinens, to the forsaide Jorge Lorde the Leysly of Lewyn, my oure 
lorde of the saide landis, and his ayris, in fee and heretage, fra me and my ayris 
foreuermare, withe alle profiteis, comnioditeis and eysmentis, and rychtwyse pertinens 
to the saide landis of Bynzharty and the Hillis of Ballingalle, pertenande or ma 
perteyn in ony tym tocum, als frely, quietly, veyle, and in pece, as ony landis are 
joysit or broukit throw gewyn or resignation be quhatsumeuer withyn the realme of 
Scotlande, sua that I na my ayris law or ony claym in the saide landis of Bynzharty 
and the Hillis of Ballingalle with thayre pertinens, ma ask or challans ony manere 
of wyse, bot fra hinsfurthe fra alle law and claynie of the saide landis of Bynzharty 
and the Hillis" of Ballingalle with thayre pertinentis, I and my ayris mot be excludit 
for euermare be thir present letteris. Ande for the mare sowrte of this resignation 
and vpgewyn of thir saide landis with thayre pertinens, be lettire of procurattory, 
selyt withe my awn seele, I hawe gewyn fulle powere to Vilzheaym of Sterling, my 
sone and apperande ayre, tille resigne and vpgewe the saide landis of Bynzharty and 
the Hillis of Ballingalle withe thayre pertinens, to the saide Jorge Lorde the Leysly 
of Lewyn, my oure lorde of the saide landis, eftire manere and fourme beforwrittyn. 
In the witnes of the quhilk thinge my seele is to put, the sext day of the monethe 
of May, the yhere of Gode a thousand foure hundrethe fourty and acht yheris, at 
Leysly, befor thire witnes, that is to say, Thorn Lummysden of the Condelay, John 
Lummysden of Gleggirnache, Alyschundir of Cwnygaym squheyaris, Schir Bobert 
Schort notar, vicar of Dersy, Thomas of Kyninmounde and Jhon of Fogo burgess of 
Couper, withe othir diuerss. 

Seal : On a Bend three Buckles. Legend : ' Sigillum 
' Lucee de Striueline.' 



222 KEIR PAPERS. [1448. 

Resignation by George of Leysly, Lord of that Ilk, to Lukas of Sterling of 
Boquhumgre, of the half lands of Keyre, 7th May 1448. 

25. Be it made kende till alle men he thire present letteris, me Gorge of Leysly lorde.of 
that like, tille hawe made, stabillist and ordande, and be thire my letteris niakys, 
stabillis and ordanis a honorabill man, James of Lewyngstone capiteyn tille oure 
souerayn lorde the kyng of Scotlande, and Vilzheaym of Sterling, the sone and apperand 
ayre tille Lukas of Sterling of Bouchquhumgre, coniunctly and seueraly, my fulle pro- 
curatouris and deputis, giffande and grantande to the forsaidis James and Vilzheaym 
my procuratouris and deputtis, and tille ewyre ilkayn of thaym be him self, my fulle 
poware and specialle mandment my lettris of resignatioun to resawe, and in my naym 
to resigne, half the landis of Keyre withe thare pertinance, liande within the schirefdonie 
of Perth and erledome of Stratherne, in to the handis of ayn excellent prince and 
kyng, kyng James of the Reakne of Scotlande kyng, as ouer Lorde of the saide half 
landis of Keyre, with thare pertinence, to be gewyn to the forsaide Lovkas of Sterling 
and his ayris in fee and heretage foreuerniare, fra me and my ayris euerlastandly. 
I haldande and fortille halde ferme and stabille quhatsumeuerthing the forsaidis 
James and Vilzheaym my procm'atouris and deputis or ony ayn of thaym in my naym 
doyis or oysis in the saide resignatione. In the wytnes of the quhilk thing my seele 
is to hungyn, at Leysly the sewyn day of the monethe of May, the yhere of God 
a thousande four hundreth fourty and acht yheris, befor thir witnes, that is to say, 
Thorn of Lummysdeyn of Condelay, Jhone Lummysden of Gleggirnache, Alyshundire 
of Cunygaym squheyaris, Schir Robert Schort notare vicare of Dersy, Thorn of Kynin- 
monde, and Jhone Fogo Burgez of Couper with othiris diuers. 

Ciiartee by Jonet of Kinross of Kippanrosse to William of Striueline, of the lands 
of Lubnocht, 5th November 1448. 

26. Omnibus hanc cartam visuris vel auditm'is, Joneta de Kinross de Kippanrosse eternam 
in Domino Salutem. Noueritis me, non vi aut metu ductani, nee errore lapsam, seu 
dolo circumuentam, sed mea mera et spontanea voluntate, habitis super hoc auisamento 
et consilio amicorum meorum, dedisse . . . honorabili viro Wilelmo de Striueline, 
filio et heredi apparenti Luce de Striuelin de Ratherne, pro suis consilio et auxilio 
michi sepius temporibus retroactis impensis, et specialiter in recuperacione terrarum 
mearum de Lubnoch, cum pertinenciis, jacentibus in dominio de Strogartnay infra vice- 
comitatum de Perth, de manibus Johannis de Menteth alias per meos predecessores 






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1448.] CHARTERS, ETC. 223 

iinpigneratas ; omnes et singulas terras meas predictas de Lubnoch cum pertinenciis, 
jacentes in dominio et vicecomitatu prescriptis. Tenendas et habendas . . . dicto 
Wilehno heredibus et assignatis suis, a me et heredibus meis, de domino de Strogartnay 
et heredibus suis, in feodo et hereditate imperpetuum . . . Reddendo inde annuatim 
. . dicto domino superiori et heredibus suis vnum lee Rabuk hede in festo pente- 
costes, nomine albe firme, si petatur, ac faciendo domino nostro Regi et successoribus 
suis formsecuni seruicium quantum ad dictas terras pertinet ... In cuius rei 
testimonium presenti carte niee sigillum meum est appensimi ; et quia sigillum meum 
est minus notum, sigillum potentis et nobilis domini, Patricii Domini de lee Grahaame 
coram testibus procuraui cum instancia, et testimonium et fidusiam omnium premissorum, 
vnacum sigillo meo dicte carte mee apponi. Et ad maiorem securitatem, ego dicta 
Joneta de Kinross, non coacta, sed mea libera voluntate, de non contradicendo prefate 
carte mee, aut cuique contento in eadem, clam vel palam, directe vel indirecte, in judicio 
vel extra, per me aut quamcumque interpositam personam, tactis Dei sanetis euuangeliis 
jui-amentum prestiti corporale. Apud Kincardin quinto die mensis Nouenibris, anno 
Domini Millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo octauo, coram hiis testibus, videlicet, 
Reuerendo in Christo patre et domino, domino Roberto de Laudere diuina prouidentia 
Episcopo Dunblanensi, Magistro Johanne Cristini Officiali ac Cancellario Dunblanensi, 
Alexandra de G-rahaine, Willekno Haldene, Malcolmo Vchtre, scutiferis, et me Domino 
Johanne Robert! notario publico, cum nonnullis aliis ad premissa vocatis. 

Instrument of Ratification by Jonet of Kinross, Lady of Kyppenross, to William 
of Striuelm, of the Lands of Lubnocht, 5th September 1448. 

. In Dei nomine Amen. Per hoc presens publicum Instrumentum cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod Anno Incarnacionis dominice millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo 
octauo, mensis vero Septembris die quinta, Indictione duodechna, pontificatus Sanc- 
tissimi in Christo patris et domini nostri, domini Nicholai diuina prouidentia pape 
quinti, anno secundo: In mei Notarii publici et testium subscriptorum presencia, per- 
sonaHter constituta nobilis mulier, Joneta de Kinross Domina de Kyppenross, sponsa 
nobilis viri Roberti Stewart, omnes et singulas terras de Lubnocht, in dominio de 
Strogertnay, infra vicecomitatum de Perthe jacentes, nobili viro, Wilelmo de Striuelm, 
filio seniori et heredi apparenti Luce de Striuelin, cum consensu et assensu dicti 
Roberti sui mariti, pro certa summa pecunie dictis Jonete et Roberto, in sua magna et 
vrgente necessitate exhibita, et in eoruni commodum et vtilitatem diuersimodi conuersa, 
vendidit et alienauit, prout in eoriun euidenciis et Uteris exinde confectis plenius con- 



224 KEIR PAPERS. [1449. 

tinetur. Quibus factis tandem de dicte Jonete presencia, de loco visu et habitacione 
prefato Roberto suo rnarito penitus abstracto et rernoto, Joneta antedicta, non vi aut 
nietu ducta, aut per aliquein choacta, nee errore lapsa, sed sua mera .et spontanea 
voluntate, benemeritis dicti Willehni de Striuelin eidem sepius impensis pensatis et 
consideratis, se nunquam, opere uel sermone, actu uel tractatu, ad quenicunque statum 
deuenerit uel deuenire poterit in futuruni, quocunque colore quesito juris uel facti, 
contra huiusrnodi vendicionem, seu alienacionem, in omnibus articulis, punctis et cir- 
cumstanciis, prout in euidenciis continetur, tactis sacrosanctis dei euuangeliis, se nun- 
quam deuenire jurainentum prestitit corporale. Super quibus omnibus et singulis 
prefatus Willelmus de Striuelin a me notario publico infrascripto sibi fieri petiit presens 
publicum instriunentmn seu publica instrumenta. Acta erant bee in maiori aula 
Castri de Kincardin bora prima post meridiem, sub anno, die, mense, indictione, et 
pontificatu quibus supra. Presentibus ibidem magnifico et potenti domino Patricio 
Domino de lee Graharne, Alexandra de Grahaine fratre dicti Domini, Magistro 
Jobanne Cristini Officiali ac Cancellario Dunblanensi, Willelmo Halden, Jobanne 
Halden, et Williebno Gardinere cum multis aliis. 

Et ego Jobannes Roberti, presbyter Dunblanensis diocesis, publicus auctoritate 
Imperiali Notarius. Quia predictarum terrarum venditioni alienationi et 
juramenti prestiticioni, ceterisque omnibus et singulis, dum sic ut preniittitur, 
dicerentur, et fierent, vnacmn prenominatis testibus presens personaliter interfui, 
eaque omnia et singula supradicta, sic fieri, vidi, et audiui, et in notam precepi. 
Ideoque presens publicum Instrumentum, manu mea propria scriptum, et sigil- 
latuni sigillo officij venerabilis et circumspecti viri, Magistri Jobannis Cristini, 
Officialis ac Cancellarii Dunblanensis exinde confeci, signoque et nomine meis 
solitis et consuetis signaui rogatus et requisitus, in fidem et testimonium 
omnium et singuloruni premissorum. 

Jo. RoBERTI. 



Obligation by James II. to Robert of Levingstouno of Medilbennyng, Comptroller, 
relative to tbe sum due to bim by the King, 22nd August 1449. 

28. Jacobus Dei gracia Rex Scotorum, Vniuersis et singulis ad quorum noticias presentes 
litere peruenerint, Salutem : Quia, per auditores in Scaccario nostro vltimo tento 
apud Linlithqw, per nos ad hoe specialiter deputatos, compoto claro et fideli reddito 
per spectabilem scutiferum nostrum, Robertmn de Levingstoune de Medilbenyng, 
nostrum Compotorum Rotulatorem, de omnibus prouentibus, redditibus, custumis, et 



1453.] CHARTERS, ETC. 225 

peceuniaruin sum mis nobis pertinentibus, per eundem receptis, a die introitus sui in 
officio Conrpotormn Rotulatoris predicto, vsque ad quintan diem mensis Augusti 
inclusiue, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo nono, illis omnibus 
eompotatis et allocatis ; compotum est atque fateniur nos sibi debere, de propriis bonis 
et peccuniis suis, pro nobis et in vsibus nostris expositis, summam nouem centum et 
triginta librarum de moneta regni nostri currente, que se extendit ad summam triuni 
centum et septuaginta duarum librarum grossorum de moneta Flandrie : Quamquidem 
summam predietam, dicto Roberto, suis heredibus, successoribus, executoribus, assig- 
natis, procuratoribus, aut deputatis, in territorio Flandrie, in villa de Brugis, de sunrnia 
nobis debita racione dotis consortis nostre, Doniine Marie Regine Scocie, primo die 
mensis Aprilis datam presencium immediate sequente, vel ad omne longius, in festo 
quod dicitur aduincula Sancti Petri, primiun diem mensis Aprilis predicti immediate 
sequente, sine vlteriore dilacione, soluere promittimus : Et nos, heredes et successores 
nostros. ad hoc tenore presencium firmiter obligamus : Et in solucione summe predicte, 
si earn in Flandria fieri contingat, pro libra grossorum in solucione predicta, computa- 
buntur quinquaginta solidi monete regni nostri currentis : Et si contingat predictum 
Robertan de summa sexaginta trium librarum grossorum, per certam aliam assigna- 
cionem nostram sibi desuper factam, in territorio Flandrie persolui, predicte sexaginta 
tres libre grossorum de summa trium centum septuaginta duarum librarum grossoruni 
predictarum defalcabuntur : In quorum omnium et singulorum fidem et testimonium, 
secretuni sigillum nostrum presentibus obligacionis nostre Uteris, nostra subscripcione 
manuali roboratis, est appensum, apud Striueline, vicesimo secundo die mensis Augusti, 
anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo quadragesimo nono, et regni nostri decimo 
tercio. 




Renunciation by Stephen Scot of the Mwrhouse to Henry of Leuingstoune, son and 
heir of the deceased Robert of Leuingstoune of Lithquo, of the lands of Castel- 
cary and the Weltoune, 7th November 1453. 

29. Til al and sindry to quhais knawlagis thir present letteris sal to cum, Stephyn Scot 
of the Mwrhouse, Greting in Gode ay lestande : Wit zom' vniuersite me, nocht throu 
strenth lede, na throw error slydyn, compellit, na constrenyhete, bot of myn awy T n pure 



226 KEIR PAPEES. [1453. 

fre and wilful will, my profit on ilk side sene ande considerit ; for til haf gyffyn oui'e, 
frely grantit, dischargit, and remittit, and be thir my present letteris, frely ouregyffis, 
grantis, dischargis, and remittis, and purely and simply resignis, fra me myn ayris and 
myn assignais for euerinar, til a worthy man, Henry of Levingstoune, sone and ayr of 
quhilum Robert of Levingstoune of Lithquo ; all rycht, titill of rycht, questione, clame 
of rycht or demande, properte and possessioune, the quhilk or the quhilkis I the said 
Stephyn, myn ayris or assignais, or ony vthir in our name, had, has, or ony maner of 
way may haf in tym to cum, in or to the landis of Castelcary and the Weltoune, wyth 
thar pertinens, or til ony part of thaim, lyand wythtin the baronry of Stratetoune, and 
the schirefdome of Stryviling, be ony resone, rycht, titil, or clame of rycht, of a gyft of 
the said landis gyffyn til me and myn ayris of thaim, be our souerane lorde the king, 
James be the grace of God King of Scottis the secunde, as his charter thar vpone 
to me maid in to the self fully proportis : The quhilk gyft, charter, rycht, and pos- 
session, I renunce, remittis, and our gyffis for euerinar as said is, fra me, myn ayris 
and assignais, to the said Henry and his ayris for euermar ; sua that nowther I myn 
ayris na myn assignais, na nane vthir in to my name na tharis, sal neuermar in tym to 
cum mak ony persute, clame, questione, ehalangis, folowyng, distrobilling, or demand, 
in or to the said landis of Castelcary, or the Weltoune, wyth the pertinens, or til ony 
part of thaim, in to jugement or wythoute jugement, in to the law or by the law, in 
preve or in pert, stilly or lowde, rychtwysly or wrangwysly, in worde or in dede, na 
neuer move plede, raise stryf, distrubill, in quiete, vex, harm, scath, or hinder the for- 
saide Henry, his ayris na assignais, in the brouking, hafyng, vsing, and joysing of al 
the forsaid landis wyth the pertinens, na na part of thaim ; bot fra al rycht, titil, and 
clame of rycht, bath petitour and possessour, I myn ayris and myn assignais, and al 
vthiris in our name, ar and sal be for euermar dischargit, excludit, assolyhet, and 
oute put be thir our present letteris ; and that nowther I, myn ayris na myn assig- 
nais, na nane vthir in our name, sal neuer in tym to cum breke, reuoke, na agayn call 
this forsaid letter, condicion, na bande, na na poynt contenit in it, bot we and ilkane 
of vs sal perpetuall obserue, kepe, hald, and fulfill thaim, al the poyntis, articulis, eon- 
dicionis, circumstans, fui'me and effect, lelly and trewly, but fraude or gyle, frielie 
exceptione or aganecallvng quhatsumeuer : The quhilkis al and sindry thingis til 
halde, kepe, observe, and fulfil for euermar, we oblis vs and ilkane of vs lelly and 
trewly, be the fathtis of our bodiis and thir present letteris, bwt reuocacion : In witnes 
of the quhilk thing to thir my present letteris, I haf to set my sele, at Edinburgh, the 
scvynt day of the moneth of Nouember, the zere of Clod a thousand four hundreth 
fifty and thre yheris. 



1452-55.] CHARTERS, ETC. 227 

Charter by King James II. to Alexander of Strathachin of Knok, of half of the 
lands of Keire, 13th April 1452. 

30. Jacobus dei gracia Rex Scotoruni. Omnibus probis hominibus totius terre sue clericis 
et laicis, Salutem. Sciatis nos dedisse . . . dilecto et fideli nostro Alexandre de 
Strathachin de le Knok, totam et integram dimidietatem terrarum de Keire cum per- 
tinenciis, jacentem in comitatu nostro de Stratherne infra vicecomitatum nostrum de 
Perth. Quequidem dimidietas . . . fuit Johannis de Strathachin de Keire here- 
ditarie ; et quam dimidietatem . . . idem Johannes ... in maims nostras 
apud Striueline, coram subscripts testibus, per suos procuratores ad hoc legittime con- 
stitutes, per suas literas patentes, per fustem et baculum . . . resignauit . . 
Tenendaui et habendam . . . dicto Alexandro de Strathachin et heredibus suis, 
de nobis heredibus et successoribus nostris in feodo et hereditate imperpetuum . . . 
Faciendo inde annuatim . . . nobis heredibus et successoribus nostris seruicia 
. . . nobis debita et consueta. In cuius rei testimonium presenti carte nostre 
magnum sigilluni nostrum apponi precepimus. Testibus reuerendo in Christo patre, 
Willelmo Episcopo Grlasguensi, Willelmo Domino Creichtoune nostro Cancellario et 
consanguineo predilecto, dilectis consanguineis nostris, Thoma Domino Erskin, Lau- 
rencio Domino Abernethy in Rothimay, Andrea Domino le Gray Magistro Hospicii 
nostri, Johanne Stewart de Dernle, Andrea Stewart milite, Alexandro de Name de 
Sandefurde, nostrorum compotorum Rotulatore, Magistris Johanne Arous Archidiacono 
Glasguensi, et Georgeo de Schoriswode Rectore de Cultir clerico nostro, apud Edin- 
burgh decimo tercio die mensis Aprilis, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
quinquagesimo secundo, et regni nostri decimo sexto. 



Precept of Sasine by "Walter Hawden of Kelore, for infefting "William of Strivelin of 
Ratherne in the half of the lands of Kere, called Kere Hawden, 4th November 1455. 

31 . Walterus Hawden de Kelore, honorabilibus viris, Roberto de Conynghame de Achin- 
bowy, Jacobo Lyddale et Adc Cosoure bui'gensi burgi de Striueline, balliuis meis in hac 
parte, Salutem. Quia concessi et alienaui hereditarie imperpetuuni, honorabili viro, 
Willelmo de Striueline de Ratherne, totam et integram dimidietatem terrarum de 
Kere, wlgariter vocatam Kere Hawden, cum pertinenciis, jacentium in comitatu de 
Stratherne, infra vicecomitatum de Perth, pro certa summa monete currentis Scocie, 
michi per predictum "Willelmum persoluta et deliberata in pecunia nmnerata. Vobis 
et vestrum cuilibet, coniunctim et diuisim, precipio et mando quatenus dicto Willebuo, 



228 KEIR PAPERS. [1455. 

vel suo certo actornato, presencium latori, saysinam hereditariam dicte dimidietatis 
terrarum antedictarum de Kere, euro pertinenciis, secundum tenorein carte sue quarn 
inde de me habet, visis presentibus tradatis indilate, saluo iure cuiuslibet, et hoc nullo 
modo omittatis. Ad quod faciendimi vobis et vestrurn alteri, coniunctim et diuisim 
plenariam committo potestatem. In cuius rei testimonium sigillum meum presentibus 
est appensum, apud burgum de Perth, quarto die mensis Nouembris, anno domini mil- 
lesimo quadringentesimo quinquagesiino quinto. 

Seal : A Saltyre, with a Label of three points in chief. 

Chaktee by Archibald of Kinbuk of that Hk to William of Striueline of Katherne, 
of the lands of Classingall, 11th April 1455. 

32. Omnibus hanc cartam visuris vel audituris, Archebaldus de Kinbuk de eodem, eternam 
in Domino Salutem. Noueritis me, vtilitate et commodo meis vndique preuisis et 
pensatis, ac in mea magna vrgente necessitate, concessisse, vendidisse . . . honorabili 
viro Willelnio de Striueline de Ratherne, totam et integram mediam partem terrarum 
mearum de Classingall cum pertinenciis, jacentiiun in comitatu de Stratherne, infra 
vicecomitatum de Perth, pro certa summa monete currentis Scocie, michi per predictum 
Willelmuin premanibus persoluta et deliberata in pecunia numerata. Tenendam et 
habendam totam et integram mediam partem terrarum rnearum antedictarum de Class- 
ingall cum pertinentiis, exceptis et reseruatis terris de Schanraw et G-arnortone, cum 
pertinenciis, dicto Willelmo de Striueline, heredibus et assignatis suis, de supremo 
domino nostro Rege, tanquam comite de Stratherne, et heredibus ac successoribus suis, 
in feodo et hereditate imperpetuum . . . Faciendo inde annuatim . . . comiti de 
Strathern qui pro tempore fuerit seruicia debita et consueta ... In cuius rei testi- 
monium sigillum meum presenti carte mee est appensum, apud ciuitatem Dunblanensem, 
vndecimo die mensis Aprilis, anno domini millesimo quadringentesimo quinquagesimo 
quinto, Presentibus venerabilibus et prouidis viris, Dominis Johanne de Atheray, The- 
saurario Dunblanensi, Patricio Ogyll capellano, Dauid Broyse primogenito Johanuis 
Broyse de Clakmanane, Johanne Beton de Balfoure, et Alexandro de Striueline, armi- 
geris, cum multis aliis. 

Seal : A Cheveron between three Bucks' heads cabossed. 



1459.] CHARTERS, ETC. 229 

Procurator!' of Resignation by Archibald of Kynbuc of that Ilk to King James II. 
of his Lands of Classingall, 1st October 1459. 

S3. Pateat vniuersis per presentes, me Archebaldum de Kynbuc de eodem, fecisse, consti- 
tuisse et ordinasse, necnon et per presentes facere, constituere et ordinare, dilectos et 
confisos meos honorabiles videlicet viros, Laurencium Doniinum Oliphant, Jacobnm 
Schaw de Sawchy, Michaelem de Balfour de Burly, et Dauid de Crychtoun, meos 
veros legittimos et indubitatos procuratores, actores, factores et deputatos speciales, 
Dantem et concedentem dictis meis procuratoribus, et eorum cuilibet, coniunctim et 
diuisim, meaui plenariam et omnimodam potestatem ac mandatum speciale, ad resig- 
nandas pureque et simpliciter, in manibus excellentissimi principis supremique domini 
nostri, domini Jacobi secundi dei gratia Scotorum Regis illustrissimi, per fustem et 
baculum sursum reddendas, omnes et singulas terras mee partis terrarum de Classin- 
gall, de Schanraw et de Gernortoun, cum pertinenciis, michi iure hereditario pertinentes, 
jacentes in comitatu de Stretherne, infra vicecoinitatum de Perth. Et generaliter 
omnia et singula facienda, gerenda et exercenda, que in dicta resignacione et circa earn 
necessaria fuerint, seu eciam oportuna, et que egomet facerem seu facere possem, ac si 
in prernissis presens personaliter interessem : Ratum et gratum, ac firmum et stabile 
habentem et habiturum totum et quicquid dicti mei procuratores, vel eorum alter, con- 
iunctim aut diuisim, rite duxerint seu duxerit faciendum super ypotheca et obligacione 
omnium terrarum, possessionum et bonormn meorum, mobilium et immobilium, presen- 
cium et futurorum. Quas quidem terras mee partis de Classingall, de Schanraw, et de 
Gernorton cum pertinenciis, ego dictus Archebaldus, non vi aut metu ductus, nee errore 
lapsus, sed mea mera et spontanea voluntate, in manus dicti serenissimi principis, tenore 
presencium per fustem et baculum pure et simpliciter sursum reddo et resingno, ac totum 
jus et clameum que in dictis terris cum pertinenciis habeo vel habere potero, pro me et 
heredibus meis, quietmn clamo imperpetumn per presentes. Ita quod dictus excelleu- 
tissimus princeps supremusque dominus noster Rex de dictis terris cum pertinenciis 
omnimodo disponere poterit pro sue libito voluntatis. In cuius rei testimonium sigil- 
lum meum presentibus est appensum, apud ciuitatem Dunblanensem, primo die mensis 
Octobris, anno domini millesimo quadringentesimo quinquagesimo nono. 

Charter by King James II. to William of Striueline of Ratherne, of the Lands of 

Classingall, &c, 10th November 1459. 

34. Jacobus Dei gracia Rex Scotorum, Omnibus probis hominibus totius terre sue clericis 

et laicis salutem. Sciatis nos dedisse . . . dilecto et fideli nostro, Willelmo de 

2g 



230 KEIR PAPERS. [1460. 

Striueling de Ratherne, omnes et singulas terras de Classingall, de Schanrow et de 
Gernortoun, cum pertinenciis, jacentes in comitatu nostro de Stratherne, infra vice- 
coniitatum nostrum de Perth. Quequidem terre cum pertinenciis fuerunt Archibaldi 
de Kynbuk hereditarie ; et quas terras idem Archibaldus ... in manus nostras 
apud Edinburgh per suos procuratores .... resignauit . . . Tenendas 
. . . predicto Willelmo de Striueling et heredibus suis, de nobis heredibus et suc- 
cessoribus nostris, in feodo et hereditate imperpetuum . . . Faciendo inde annuatim 
. . . seruicia de dictis terris debita et consueta. In cuius rei testimonium presenti 
carte nostre magnum sigillum nostrum apponi precepimus ; Testibus Reuerendis in 
Christo patribus Georgeo Episcopo Brechinensi, Cancellario nostro, Andrea Episcopo 
Glasguensi, Niniano Episcopo Candidicase, Dilectis consanguineis nostris Andrea 
Domino Avandale, Jacobo Domino Levingstoun magno camerario nostro, Patricio 
Domino le Grahame, et Magistro Johanne Arous Archidiacono Glasguensi nostri 
secreti sigilli custode, apud Edinburgh, decimo die mensis Nouembris, anno Domini 
Millesimo quadringentesimo quinquagesimo nono, et regni nostri vicesimo tercio. 

Instrument of Sasine in favour of William of Striueline of Ratherne, Knight, of the 
lands of Classingall, 15th December 1460. 

35. In Dei nomine Amen. Per hoc presens publicum instrumentum cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod anno Domini Millesimo quadringentesimo sexagesimo, die vero mensis 
Decembris decimo quinto, et ejusdem diei hora vndecima uel eocirca ante merediem, 
Indictione nona, Pontificatus Sanctissimi in Christo patris et domini nostri, domini 
Pii diuina prouidentia Pape secundi, anno tercio: In mei notarii publici et testium 
subscriptorum presencia, honorabilis vir, Willelnius de Striueline de Ratherne miles, 
ad terras de Glassingall . . . personaliter accedens, breue de saysina capelle 
supremi domini nostri Regis, cuidem Malcolmo Sluthman, maro feodi dicti domini 
Regis balliatus de Stratherne, presentauit, tenorem qui sequitur continens. Jacobus 
Dei gratia Rex Scotorum, Senescallo nostro de Stratherne et deputatis suis Salutem. 
Quia concessimus hereditarie dilecto nostro Willelmo de Striueline militi, terras de 
Glassingall . . . jacentes infra balliam vestram, in manibus nostris resignatas 
per Archibaldum de Kynbuk, prout in carta desuper confecta plenius continetur ; 
Vobis precipimus et mandamus quatenus, dicto Willehno, vel suo certo actornato latori 
presencium, sasinam dictarum terrarum cum pertinenciis, secundum tenorem dicte carte 
quam inde habet, iuste habere faciatis, et sine dilatione, et hoc nullo modo omittatis. 
Teste meipso apud Edinbiu-gh, decimo octauo die mensis Nouembris, anno regni nostri 



1457.] CHARTERS, ETC. 231 

primo. Quo breue recepto, aperto et perlecto, petiit idem Willelnras saysinam dicta- 
rum terrarum de Glassingall . . . secundum tenorem dicti breuis per dictum 
marum sibi tradi, dictus vero marus mandato desuper a Senescallo de Stratherne 
literatorie sibi tradito inibi oneroso et perlecto, ad prmcipale messuagium ipsarum 
terrarum, saysinam hereditariam earundem, per terre et lapidis traditionem ut est moris, 
dicto Willelmo, secundum tenorem carte regie desuper sibi confecte, tradidit et donauit. 
Jure cniuslibet saluo. Super quibus omnibus et singulis dictus Willebnus a me notario 
publico subscripto sibi publicum fieri petiit instrumentum seu publica instrumenta. 
Presentibus venerabilibus et discretis viris, Magistro Johanne Cristini Cancellario et 
Ofiiciali Dunblanensi, Domino Luea Arnote Capellano, Alexandra Betoune, Dauid 
Arnote, et Waltero de Kinkell, testibus cum multis aliis ad premissa vocatis specialiter 
et rogatis. 

Et ego Johannes de Atheray, Thesaurarius Dunblanensis publicus auctoritate 
imperiali Notarius. Predicte saysine, etc. 
Johannes de Atheray. 



G-rant by John Stewart of Dernle, Lord of that Hk, to James Stewart of Albyne, 
of the lands of Ballindorane, 10th March 1457. 

36. Be it kende til all men be thir present letteris, me Johne Stewart of Dernle, 
Lord of that Bk, to haue giffin and grantit, and be thir my present letteris 
giffis and grantis to my weilebelouit cosing, James Stewart of Albyne, the natu- 
rale sone vmquhile of James Stewart, Schir Mordacht Stewartis sone, vmquhile 
Erie of Fiff and of Menteith, the tane half of Ballindorane, with the pertinens, 
lyand within the erldome of the Lewenax, and within the schirefdome of Striueling. 
Halding and to be hade to the saide Jamys, and till his ayris of his body lauchfulli 
gottyne, of me and myn ayris and successouris, the forsaide lande, in fee and heretage, 
be all richt nierkis and diuisis, in buskis, planys, muris, and marrais, in wayis, roddis, 
in wateris and in stankis, in medois, jiastouris, and lesouris, in myllis, myltouris, in 
fisching, foulyng, halking, and huntyng, in peting, turwing, and eoling, in bludwitis, 
merchetis, and herzeldis, with all and sindi'y fredomys, comoditeis, and aisiamentis, 
with thare pertinens, alswele nemmyt as vnnemmyt, als wele vndir the erde as above, 
wyth fre entray and passage to the saide landis, sa frely, quytli, honerabli, wele, and 
in pese, as I or my predecessouris the fornemmyt landis brokit of befor tyme ; with 
the preuilegis and fredome contenit in my chartir of the landis of Baldorane ; he 
geifande thare of the forsaide Jameis and his ayris, to me and to myn ayris, three 



232 KEIR PAPERS. [1464. 

suttis at thri lieide courtis of the zere alanerly, for all vthir actionis or demande 
of the saide landis may be askit or requerit in tyin to cum : And attoure, giff it 
happinnis, as Gode forebeide, that the fornenimyt landis beis recouerit or optenyt 
fra the said Janiys or fra his airis, be law ciuill or canone, I the saide Johnne 
Sthewart and myn ayris sale mat to the saide Jamys and to his airis, ten markis 
worth within my landis off Auandale, quhar that he or his ayris thinkis best, outtakand 
my manys and chemys, with sik fredome and preivilegis as is beforsaide : And I 
the said Johnne and myn ayris sail warrande and defende for evir niair agane all 
dedly men or woman, the saide landis with thar pertinentis, to the saide Jaineis 
and till his ayris : In witnes of the quhilk thing I haue set to my sele, at Glasgw, 
the tend day of Marcke, the zer of our Lorde a thousand four hundreth fifti and 
sevin zeris, with thir witnes, Johne Stewart of Murelee, Schir Johnc Kobertone, 
chappellane, Henry Mychelsone, Eobyn of Inchenyn, and Arthour Robertsone, and 
Matho Stewart of Castiltone, and Johne Stewart of Albany, son to the said Jamys, 
with Schir Johnne of Setoune, and mony vthir. 

Charter of Confirmation by King James III., dated 12th January 1465, confirming 
a Charter by John Lord Dernlee to James Stewart of Albany, of the east 
half of Baldorrane, dated 7th January 1464. 

37. Jacobus, dei gracia Res Scotorum, Omnibus probis koniinibus totius terre sue clericis 
et laicis, Salutem : Sciatis nos quandam cartam dilecti consanguinei nostri, Johannis 
Domini Dernlee, factam et concessam consanguineo nostro, Jacobo Stewart de Albany, 
de tota et integra orientali dimidietate terraruni de Baldorane cum pertinenciis, iacen- 
tium in comitatu de Leuenax, infra vicecomitatum nostrum de Striueling, de mandato 
nostro visam, lectam, inspectam, et diligenter examinatam, sanam, integram, non rasam, 
non cancellatam, nee in aliqua sui parte suspectam, ad j>lenuni intellexisse sub hac 
forma : Omnibus hanc cartam visuris vel audituris, Johannes Stewart Dominus de 
Dernle, eternam in Domino salutem : Noueritis me dedisse, concessisse, et hac presenti 
carta mea confirmasse dilecto consanguineo meo, Jacobo Stewart de Albany, filio naturali 
quondam Jacobi Stewart, filii Domini Murdaci Stewart, quondam Ducis Albanie, 
Comitis de Fiff et de Menteith, pro suo seruicio michi impenso et impendendo, totam 
et integram mediam partem orientalem omnium terrarum mearum de Baldorane cum 
pertinenciis, jacentium in comitatu de Leuenax, infra vicecomitatum de Striueline : 
Tenendam et habendam . . . dicto Jacobo, et heredibus suis de corpore suo 
legittime procreatis seu procreandis, de me et heredibus meis, in feodo et hercditate 



1464.] CHARTERS, ETC. 233 

iniperpetuum . . . Reddendo hide annuatim, dictus Jacobus et keredes sui pre- 
dicti, niicki et keredibus meis, tres sectas ad tria plaeita capitalia mea de Baldorane 
tantiun. . . . Et si contingat, quod absit, dictam mediarn partem terrarum ante- 
dictarum cum pertinenciis, aliquo tempore futuro rigore juris, a dicto Jacobo aut kere- 
dibus suis, optineri et recuperari ; eo casu obligo me et keredes meos, dictum Jacobum 
et keredes suos infeodare in decern mercatis terrarmn de terris meis de Auandale, vbi 
dicto Jacobo melius et conueniencius videbitur, et keredibus suis ; saluis meis princi- 
pali messuagio et le maynis, cum eisdem priuilegiis et libertatibus, vt superius est 
expressum. ... In cuius rei testimoniiun presenti carte mee sigillum meum est 
appensum, apud burgmn de Striueline, septimo die niensis Januarii, anno Domini niil- 
lesimo quadringentesimo sexagesimo quarto : Hiis testibus, Andrea Domino Avandale, 
Cancellario Scocie, Magistro G-eorgeo de Abernetky, Preposito Ecclesie Collegiate 
de Dunbertane, Murdaco Stewart milite, Matkeo Stewart de Cassiltoune, Jokanne 
Maxwell de Netkirpollok, et Magistro Andrea de Menteitk, cum multis aliis : Quani- 
quidem eartam, ac donacionem et concessionem in eadem contentas, in omnibus suis 
punctis et articulis, condicionibus et modis, ac circumstanciis suis quibuscunque, forma 
pariter et effectu, in omnibus et per omnia, approbanius, ratificamus, et pro nobis, kere- 
dibus et successoribus nostris, vt premissum est, pro perpetuo confirinamus : Saluis 
nobis keredibus et successoribus nostris, juribus et seruiciis de dictis tei*ris, ante pre- 
sentem confirmacionem, nobis debitis et consuetis : In cuius rei testimonium presenti 
carte nostre confirmacionis, magnum sigillum nostrum apponi precepimus : Testibus, 
reuerendo in Ckristo patre, Andrea Episcopo G-lasguensi ; dilectis consanguineis nostris, 
Andrea Domino Avandale, Cancellario nostro, Colino Comite de Ergile Domino Camp- 
bell, Magistri Hospicii nostri, Gilberto Domino Kennedy, Jokanne Domino Dernlee, 
Alexandro Boide de Drumcoll, Jokanne de Culqukone de eodem, nostrormn Compo- 
torum Rotulatore, militibus ; Magistris Dauid de G-utkre de Kincaldrum, Tkesaurario 
nostro, et Arckibaldo de Qukitelau, Arckidiacono Morauiensi, Secretario nostro ; apud 
Striueline, duodecimo die niensis Januarii, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
sexagesimo quinto ; et regni nostri sexto. 

Instrument of Sastne in favour of James Stewarde of Albany of tke lands of 
Baldorane, 17tk January 1464. 

38. In Nomine Domini, Amen : Per koe presens publicum Instrumentum cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod anno ab Incarnacione Domini, secundum computacionem regni Scocie, 
millesimo ccec""' sexagesimo quarto, mensis vero Januarii die xvii, indictione xiii, pon- 



234 KEIR PAPERS. [1464. 

tificatus sanctissiini in Cliristo patris et doinini nostri, domini Pauli, diuina prouidencia 
pape secundi, anno primo : In mei notarii publici et testiuni subseriptormn presencia, 
personaliter constitutus prouidus vir, Willelmus Stewarde, filius naturalis Jacobi 
Stewarde de Albany, procurator et procuratorio nomine dicti Jacobi patris sui, de 
cuius procuracionis mandato et facilitate sufficiente mielii satis constabat legittiniis 
documentis, ad principale messuagium dimidietatis terrarum orientaliiun de Baldorane, 
iacentium in comitatu de Leuenax, et infra viceconritatumt de Striuelyne, accedens, et 
super solum eiusdem stans, quoddam breue de saysina nobilis et potentis domini, 
Johannis Stewarde, Domini de Dernle, produxit, et prouido viro, Domino Murdaco 
Stewarde de Albany militi, balliuo dicti Domini de Dernle ad infrascripta specialiter 
deputato, presentauit, ac michi notario publico exhibuit perlegendum ; cuius breue tenor 
sequitur, et est talis : Johannes Stewarde, Dominus de Dernle, dilecto consanguineo 
meo, Murdaco Stewarde militi, balliuo meo in hac parte, Salutem ; Quia concessi here- 
ditarie meo consanguineo predilecto, Jacobo Steward de Albany, filio naturali quondam 
Jacobi Stewarde, filii Domini Murdaci Stewarde, olim Ducis Albanie, et Comitis de 
Fyff et Menteth, totam et integram meam partem orientalem terrarum mearum de 
Baldorane, cum pertinenciis, jacentium in comitatu de Leuenax, et infra vicecomitatum 
de Striuelyne ; Vobis mando et precipio quatenus dicto Jacobo, uel suo certo actornato 
et procuratori latori presencium, saysinani bereditariam dicte medie partis orientalis 
terrarum antedictarum de Baldorane, cum pertinenciis, secundum tenorem carte mee 
dicto Jacobo, et heredibus suis desuper confecte, visis presentibus tradatis indilate, 
saluo iure cuiuslibet, nullo modo omittatis ; ad quod faciendum vobis tenore presencium 
plenariam committo potestatem ; In cuius rei testimoniirm sigillum memn presentibus 
est appensum, apud burgum de Striuelyne, vii° die mensis Januarii, anno Domini 
millesimo cccc' no sexagesimo quarto : Quo perlecto, et in wlgari exposito, prefatus 
Dominus Murdacus Steward miles, iuxta mandatum in eodem breue contentum, statum 
et saysinam bereditariam dicte dimidietatis terrarum orientalium de Baldorane, cum 
pertinenciis, prefato Willelmo Stewarde, procm - atorio nomine quo supra, videlicet, 
Jacobi Stewarde patris sui, secundum tenorem carte prefati Domini de Dernle desuper 
confecte, ac ibidem ostense, publicate, et lecte, per terre et lapidis tradicionem, ut 
moris est, tradidit et donauit cum effectu, eidem Jacobo Steward, heredibus suis et 
assignatis, pro perpetuo reniansuris ; saluo iure cuiuslibet : Super quibus omnibus et 
singulis, prefatus Willelmus Steward, procuratorio nomine prefati patris sui, a me 
notario publico infrascripto sibi fieri petiit publicum instrumentum : Acta erant hec 
apud ipsam terrain, hora quasi nouena ante meridiem, anno, mense, die, indictione, et 
pontificatu quibus supra : Presentibus ibidem prouido viro, Boberto de Kyncade de 



1460.] CHARTERS, ETC. 235 

Craglokkard, Domino Willelmo Capellano, comrnorante cum eodem ; Patricio, Dauid, 
et Roberto, filiis eiusdem Roberti de Kyncade, Roberto Petygrew, Willelmo de Glorate, 
Donaldo Blar, Avday Blar, Arthuro Roberti, Johanne Henrici, Roberti Armorar 
clerico, Patricio Armorar, Donaldo de Kyncade, Jacobo Lyone, Johanne Lyone, et 
Roberto filio Donaldi de Kyncade, cum multis aliis testibus ad premissa vocatis 
specialiter et rogatis. 

Et ego Johannes Zong, presbiter Glasguensis diocesis, publicus auctoritate im- 
periali notarius : Premissis, etc. 
Johannes Zong. 



Process of Dispensation in favor of Henry of Levyugstoun of Middilbenyng and 
Margaret of Parkle, 17th June 1460. 

39. In Dei Nomine, Amen : Per hoc presens publicum Instrumentum cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod anno ab Incarnacione eiusdem millesimo quadringentesimo sexagesimo, 
mensis vero Junii die decimaseptima, indictione octaua, pontificatus sanctissimi in 
Christo patris et domini nostri, domini Pii diuina prouidencia pape secundi, anno 
secundo : In venerabilis in Christo patris ac domini, Willelmi pernrissione diuina 
Prioris ecclesie cathedralis Sanctiandree, reuerendi in Clu'isto patris et domini, domini 
Jacobi Dei et apostolice sedis gracia Episcopi Sanctiandree in remotis agentis Vicarii 
Generalis, judicisque et executoris vnici ad infrascripta a sancta sede apostolica speci- 
aliter deputati ; meique notarii publici et testiuni infrascriptorum ad hoc specialiter 
vocatorum et rogatorum presenciis, personaliter constituti honorabilis vir, Henricus de 
Leuyngstoun de Middilbenyng laicus, et Mergareta de Parkle, coniuges Sanctiandree 
diocesis, quasdam literas reuerendissimi in Christo patris et domini, domini Philippi 
miseracione diuina tituli Sancti Laurencii in Lucina Presbiteri Cardinalis, sanctissimi 
domini nostri, domini Pii pape secundi, Penitenciarii Maioris ; in cera rubea alba 
impressa more Romane curie sigillatas, non viciatas, non cancellatas, sed omni prorsus 
vicio et suspicione carentes, dicto domino Priori judici humiliter presentarunt ; quas 
quidem literas predicti reuerendissimi patris, prefatus dominus Prior, judex ad infra- 
scripta, ea qua decuit reuerencia recepit, tenorem qui sequitur continentes : Venerabili 
in Christo patri Dei gracia Episcopo Sanctiandree, vel eius vicariis in spiritualibus, 
Philippus miseracione diuina tituli Sancti Laurencii in Lucina Presbiter Cardinalis, 
Salutem et sinceram in Domino caritatem : Ex parte Henrici de Leuingston laici et 
Mergarete de Parkle mulieris, coniugum vestre diocesis, nobis oblata peticio continebat, 
quod ipsi olim scientes se quarto consanguinitatis gradu inuicem fore coniunctos matri- 



236 KEIE PAPERS. [1460. 

monium inter se per verba de presenti publiee, iuxta morem patrie, de facto con- 
traxerunt, illudque carnali copula consumrnauerimt ; cum autem dicti coniuges in 
huiusmodi matrimonio remanere non possint, et si diuorciuni perpetuiun fieret inter eos 
grauia dissenciones et scandala exinde possent verisimiliter exoriri ; supplicari fecerunt 
humiliter dicti coniuges eis super hiis per sedem apostolicani de absolucionis debito 
beneficio et opportune dispensata gracia misericorditer prouideri ; Nos igitur cupientes 
ipsoruin coniugum aniinaruni prouideri saluti, et liuiusniodi scandala quantum cum 
Deo possumus obuiare, auctoritate domini pape, cuius penitenciarie curam gerimus, et 
de eius speciali mandato super hoc viue vocis oraculo nobis facto, circmnspectioni vestre 
committimus quatenus, si est ita ipsis prius ad tempus de quo vobis videbitur, ab 
inuicem separatis ipsos coniuges a generali excommunicacionis sentencia quam propter 
hoc incurrerunt, et huiusmodi incestus reatu absoluatis in forma ecclesie consueta, et 
iniuncta inde eorum cuilibet pro modo culpe penitencia salutari, et aliis que de jm'e 
fuerint iniungenda, quodque eorum superuiuens perpetuo absque spe coniugii re- 
maneat ; Demuin cum ipsis coniugibus quod impedimento consanguinitatis huiusmodi 
non obstante, matrimonium de nouo inter se libere contrahere, et in eo postquam con- 
tractum fuerit remanere licite valeatis misericorditer dispensetis ; dummodo dicta 
Mergareta propter hoc ab aliquo rapta non fuerit, prolem susceptam si qua sit et sus- 
cipiendam exinde legittimam deeernentes ; Datum Mantue, sub sigillo officii peni- 
tentiarie, iii nonas Augusti, pontificatus domini Pii pape secundi anno primo : Vener- 
abili in Christo patri gracia Dei Episcopo Sanctiandree, vel eius vicariis generalibus 
in spiritualibus, Philippus miseracione diuina tituli Sancti Laurencii in Lucina Pres- 
biter Cardinalis, Salutem et sinceram in Domino caritatem ; Ex parte Henrici de 
Leuyngstone laici, et Mergarete de Parkle mulieris, coniugum vestre diocesis, exhibita 
nobis peticio continebat, quod ipsi nuper quasdam literas autentica et solita forma 
cormnissionis vobis directas a sede apostolica obtinuerunt, continentes, quod non ob- 
stante quod quarto consanguinitatis gradu inuicem sunt coniuncti, possint matrimonium 
de nouo inter se libere contrahere, et in eo postquam contractum fuerit licite remanere 
dispensaretis cum eisdem ; Tamen ipsi timentes literas huiusmodi fore subrepticias et 
inualidas, quod vnus ipsoruin exponentium tercio alter vero quarto gradibus a stipite 
communi distabant, et quod alter ipsoruin distaret tercio in ipsis Uteris mencio aliqua 
facta non fuit, humiliter supplicari fecerunt eis in hac parte per eandem sedem aposto- 
licani misericorditer prouideri ; Nos igitur attendentes quod felicis recordacionis 
dominus Clemens papa sextus, quaslibet dispensaciones in casu simili ab eadem 
sede obtentas et obtinendas, omissione mencionis de distancia tercii gradus predicti a 
stipite non facte in dispensacionibus ipsis, nequaquam obstante validas et sufficientes 



1460.] CHARTERS, ETC. 237 

existere et robur plenarie firmitatis habere, auctoritate apostolica declarauit ; Aucto- 
ritate pape, cuius penitenciarie curani gerinius, vestre circumspectioni committimus 
quatenus, iuxta huiusmodi apostolicas declaraciones, predicte commissionis litteras suf- 
ficientes declaratis et validas perinde existere, ac si in eisdem de distaneia tercii gradus 
predicti mencio facta foret ; Datum Mantue, sub sigillo officii penitenciarie, nonas 
Augusti, pontificatus doniini Pii pape secundi anno prhno : Post quaruin quidem litera- 
rum apostolicarum presentacionem et recepcioneni per dictum dominmn priorem judi- 
cem, predicti Henricus et Mergareta in eisdem Uteris apostolicis prineipaliter nominati, 
prefatum dominum judiceni cum instancia requirebant quatenus ad execucionem dicta- 
rum literarum apostolicarum et contentorum in eisdem proeedere dignaretur, iuxta 
traditam et directam in eisdem sibi formam ; predictus vero Willebnus prior, vicarius 
et executor prefatus, volens tamquam obediencie Alius in huiusmodi negocio rite pro- 
eedere, super omnibus et singulis in eisdem Uteris apostolicis ad plenum informatus ; et 
quia ilia in dictis Uteris contenta comparuit esse et fuisse omnino vera : Idcirco, aucto- 
ritate dicti domini penitenciarii sibi in hac parte commissa, ipsos Henricum et Mer- 
garetam a generaU excommunicacionis sentencia, quam propter causam contentam in 
eisdem Uteris apostolicis et huiusmodi incestus reatum incurrerunt in forma ecclesie 
debita absoluit, et postea ipsos ab inuicem separauit ad tempus de quo sibi videbatur 
expediens, demiun cum ipsis Henrico et Mergareta quod, impedimenta consangui- 
nitatis huiusmodi non obstante, matrimonhun de nouo inter se contrahere libere, et in 
eo postquam contractual fuerit licite remanere, valeant misericorditer dispensauit, et 
tenore presencimn dispensat, constante sibi prius quod dicta Margareta propter hoc ab 
aliquo rapta non fuerit, prolem susceptam et suscipiendam exinde legittimam decer- 
nendo : Super quamquidem execucionem predictarum literarum apostoUcarum in omni- 
bus secundum formam et tenorem earundem ac omnibus et singulis supradictis, dicti 
Henricus et Mergareta a me notario publico infrascripto sibi fieri petierunt publicum 
seu pubUca, instrumentum seu instrumenta : Acta fuerunt hec infra burgum de Edin- 
burgh, in domo habitacionis dicti domini prioris judicis prenominati, anno, die mensis, 
indictione, et pontificatu suprascriptis : Presentibus ibidem venerabilibus viris, 
Magistro Johanne Balfoure, et Domino Roberto Mason, ecclesiarum cathedralium 
Sanetiandree et Abirdonensis Canonicis, et Johanne Foulis, testibus ad premissa 
vocatis specialiter et rogatis. 

Et ego Dauid Kay, presbiter Sanetiandree diocesis, licenciatus in decretis, pub- 
licus auctoritate imperiali notarius : Premissis omnibus dum sic agerentur 
interfui, et presentes literas, sine presens publicum instrumentum, dicti domini 

2h 



238 KEIR PAPERS. [1461. 

judicis prooessiira in se continentes, per alium fideliter scriptum, signo et 
nomine meis solitis signaui, rogatus in testimonium premissoruru. 
Dauid Kay. 



Charter by John Duncansone, Burgess of Dunbertane, to Mr. George Abyrnethe, 
Provost of the Collegiate Church of Dunbertane, of an annualrent of 20 shillings 
from a tenement in Dunbertane, 6th November 1461. 

40. Omnibus hano cartam visuris vel audituris, Johannes Duncansone, Burgensis de Dun- 
bertane, Salutem in Domino sempiternam : Sciatis me dedisse, ac titulo uendicionis 
tradidisse ac ipsaui vendicionem et tradicionem presenti scripto meo confirmasse, a me 
et heredibus meis, venerabili clerico, Magistro Ceorgio Abjrnethe, Preposito Ecclesie 
Collegiate Sancte Marie Virginis de Dunbertane, sibi pro toto tempore sue vite ; et post 
decessum predicti Magistri G-eorgii, Valtero Abyrnethe, filio carnali antedicti Magistri 
Georgii, et heredibus suis masculis de corpore suo legittime procreatis seu procrean- 
dis ; quo deficiente, Roberto Abyrnethe, filio carnali antedicti Magistri Georgii, et 
heredibus suis masculis de corpore suo legittime procreatis seu procreandis ; viginti 
solidos annui redditus de meo tenemento cum pertinenciis, jacente in burgo de Dun- 
bertane, infra terras olim Thome Lachtane ex parte australi, ex parte vna, et terras 
Roberti Scherar ex parte boriali, ex parte altera ; annuatim soluendos ad duos anni 
terminos, per equales porciones, videlicet, ad festum Penticostes, et festiun Sancti 
Martini in yeme ; ac totmn jus et clameum que in eisdem habeo, habui, seu quouis- 
modo habere potero in futurum ; pro certa sumnia pecunie vsualis monete regni Scocie, 
quam dictus Magister Georgius michi, in mea magna vrgente necessitate, persoluit ; de 
qua summa fateor me bene solutum et contentum : Quodquidem tenementum, ex legali 
conquestu meo, habui et possedi : Tenenda et habenda dicto Magistro Georgio, Val- 
tero, Roberto, et eorum heredibus legittimis masculis, quibus omnibus forte deficienti- 
bus, quod absit, propinquioribus heredibus predicti Magistri Georgii masculis de suo 
cognomine libere reuertenda quibuscunque ; quiete, plenarie, integre, bene, honorifice, 
et pacifice, cum omnibus commoditatibus, libertatibus, et asiamentis, ac iustis suis 
pertinenciis quibuscunque, sine reuocacione quacunque, in feodo et hereditate imper- 
petuum : Et ego prefatus Johannes Duncansone et heredes mei, predictum annuum 
redditum, ac jus et clameum, eidem predicto Magistro Georgio, quo deficiente, Valtero, 
quo deficiente, Roberto, et eorum heredibus masculis, contra omnes mortales varanti- 
zabimus, acquietabimus, et imperpetuum defendemus : In cuius rei testimonium sigil- 
lum meum presenti carte mee est appensum, sexto die mensis Nouembris, anno Domini 



1466.] CHARTERS, ETC. 239 

millesimo quadringentesimo sexagesimo primo ; presentibus, Georgeo Calbrath notario, 
Johanne Siluer, presbiteris, Alexandra Steyl, et Andrea Abernethe, cum multis aliis. 



Instrument of Sasine in favour of William Streueling of Keyr, Knight, of the lands 
of Kennoquhy, 16th August 1466. 

41. In Nomine Domini Amen. Per hoc presens publicum instrumentum cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod anno Incarnationis Dominice millesimo quadringentesimo sexagesimo 
sexto, mensis vero Augusti die decimasexta, Indictione decima quarta, Pontificatus 
sanctissimi in Christo patris et domini, domini nostri Pauli diuina prouidentia pape 
secundi, anno secundo: In mei notarii public! et testium subscriptorum presentia 
personaliter constitutes honorabilis vir, Dorninus Willelmus Streueling de Keyr miles, 
super fundo terrarum de Kennoquliy, jacentium infra baroniam de Lesly et viceconii- 
tatmn de Fyf, et vnam literam balliatus honorablis viri Thome Chawmyr de Drum- 
lochy, in nianu sua tenens et michi notario pubhco subscripto tradidit j)eiiegendani ; 
cuius quidem litere tenor de verbo in verbum sequitur et est talis. Vniuersis pateat 
per presentes, me Thomam Chawmyr de Drumlochy fecisse, constituisse et ordinasse, 
ac per presentes facere, constituere et ordinare honorabiles viros, Johannem Beton de 
Balfour et Thomam Schethwme de eodem, balliuos meos conhmctun et diuisini irre- 
vocabiles, ad danduni, pro me et nomine meo tanquam domino superiori, saisanam sta- 
tum et possessionem hereditariam honorabili viro, Domino Willelmo Striueling de Keyr 
militi, de vno quartario terrarum de Kennoquhy cum pertinentiis, necnon de vna octaua 
parte earundem terrarum cum pertinentiis, jacentium in baronia de Lesly infra vice- 
comitatum de Fyf, secundum formam et tenorem suarum cartaruni desuper sibi heredi- 
bus suis et suis assignatis confectarum, ad quod faciendum dictis balliuis meis, coniunc- 
tim et diuisim, do et committo meam liberam et plenariam potestatem per presentes sine 
reuocatione duraturas. In cuius rei testimonium presentibus sigillum meum apposui, 
apud Pert, duodecimo die mensis Augusti, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
sexagesimo sexto, Testibus Siluestro Kettre de eodem, Willelmo Blayr de Ardblayr, 
Johanne Bettre de le Letheyl, et Johanne Mailwyng burgense de Dysert, cum multis 
aliis. Quaquideni litera sic perlecta, eandem prefatus Thomas de Schethwme balliuus 
prescriptus de manu mea recepit, et virtute eiusdem saisinam statum et possessionem 
pacificam, de omnibus et singulis predictis terris cum pertinentiis, predieto Domino 
Willehno et heredibus suis et suis assignatis, per terre et lapidis traditionem, ut moris 
est, secundum tenorem cartarmn desuper sibi confectarum, realiter contulit, ac dictum 
Dominum Willelmum in realem actualem et corporalem possessionem predictarum 



240 KEIR PAPERS. [1472. 

terrarum cum omnibus et singulis suis pertinentiis realiter introduxit et inuestiuit ; et 
insuper idem Dominus Willelmus miles sigillum prefati Thome de Schethwme balliui 
predict! huie publico instnunento appendi cum instantia procurauit. De et super 
quibus omnibus et singulis ipse Dominus Willelmus a me notario publico subscripto 
sibi fieri petiit vnum uel plura, publicum seu publica, instrumentum seu instrumenta. 
Acta erant hec apud capitale messuagiiun predictarum terrarum de Kennoquhy, bora 
nouena ante meridiem uel eocirca, sub anno, die, mense, indictione et pontificatu quibus 
supra. Presentibus ibidem honorabilibus et discretis viris, Willelmo de Strathanry de 
eodem, Willelmo eius filio et apparente herede, Johanne Beton, Alexandro Scbethum, 
Dauid Arnot, Ricardo Beton, armigeris, Domino Jobanne Lauson presbitero, Fynlaio 
Bryson, Johanne Forly, Johanne Kay, cum diuersis aliis testibus ad premissa vocatis 
specialiter et rogatis. 

Et ego Greorgeus Monypenny artium magister, clericus Sanctiandree diocesis 
publicus autoritate imperiali notariusque. Premissis, etc. 

Instrument of Sasine in favour of William Striueling of the Keyr, of the lands 

of Kennoquhy, 9th May 1472. 

42. In Dei Nomine Amen. Per hoc presens publicum Instrumentum cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod anno Incarnationis Dominice millesimo quadringentesimo septuagesi- 
mo secundo, mensis vero Maii die nona, Indictione quinta, Pontificates sanctissimi in 
Christo patris et domini nostri, domini Sixti diuina prouidentia pape quarti, anno primo: 
In mei notarii publici et testium subscriptorum presentia personaliter constitutus dis- 
cretus vir Johannes Chalmer, quandam literam bailie prouidi viri Thome Chalmer de 
Drumloquhy, in papiro scriptam, sigillo suo sigillatam in rubia sera, vt mini et testibus 
subscripts satis luculenter const abat, tradidit perlegendam. Post lecturam dicte litere 
prefatus Johannes Chalmer, balliuus in hac parte, saisinam et possessionem hereditariam 
de quinque octauis partibus terrarum de Kennoquhy jacentium infra vicecomitatum de 
FiiF cum pertinentiis, honorabili viro, Johanni Beton de Balfour, actornato Willelmi 
Striueling de le Keyr, secundum tenorem carte desuper confecte, ac ipsum Johannem 
actornatum, nomine quo supra, in actualem, realeni et corporalem possessionem dicta- 
rum terrarum cum pertinentiis, induxit et vestiuit, ac per traditionem terre et lapidis 
ut moris est, contulit et donauit. De et super quibus omnibus et singulis supradictis 
prefatus Johannes Beton a me notario publico subscripto sibi fieri petiit presens pub- 
licum instrumentum. Acta erant hec apud capitale messuagiiun dictarum terrarum, 
hora decima vel eocirca ante meridiem, sub anno, mense, die, indictione et pontificatu 



1473.] CHARTERS, ETC. 241 

quibus supra. Presentibus prouidis et discretis viris, videlicet, Thonia Schethuni de 
eodem, Andrea Schethuni, Roberto Schethuni, Dominis Willelmo Maluil, Willelino 
Mustart, et Johamie Goiuday capellanis, Ricardo Beton et Tliorua Clerk, cum diuersis 
aliis testibus ad premissa vocatis specialiter et rogatis. 

Et ego Dauid Vriclit, clericus Sanctiandree diocesis publicus auctoritatibus mi- 
periali et regali notarius. Premissis, etc. 



Tack by William Streueling of the Keyre to John Betone of Balfour, of the lands of 

Kennoquhy, 15th July 1473. 

43. Be it kende tyle ale men be thir present letteris, me Wilzam Streueling of the Keyre, 
tyle hawe set and to mayle lattyn, and be thir my present letteris settis and to mayle 
lattis, to my luwyt cosinge Johne Betone of Balfour, his ayris and assignais, thre 
awchtane partis of the landis of Kennoquhy, Hand within the barony of Lesly on 
Lewyn and in the schirefdome of Fiff, quhilkis thre awchane partis the said Johne has 
of me in malyn befor the dat of thir letteris, and tua achane partis of the landis of 
Kennoquhy forsaid, for al the zeris dayis and termys of nyntene zeris ; the entre of the 
forsaid Johne his ayris or assignais to the thre awchtane partis of landis forsaid and 
pertinentis, begynning at the fest of Witsonday precedand the dat of thir letteris, and 
the entre of the forsaid Johne his ayris or assignais in the tothir twa awchtane partis 
begynning at the fest of Witsonday in zer of God a thousand fowrhundreth sevynte 
and fywe zeris, and sonar gif the said tua achtane partis sale happyn to cum in the 
handis of me the said Wilzam, and sua furtht termly and zerly tyle that nyntene zeris 
be halaly and fullaly completyt and furtht worun togidder, less than the saidis landis 
ware or that ony lachful caus lat the said Johne his ayris or assignais in the laboring 
of the said landis, and gif sua happynis the said Johne his ayris or assignais sale hawe 
fre regres in the said landis quhen thai cum agan in the handis of me the said Wilzam 
my ayris or assignais tyle the hale nyntene zeris be completyt and furtht worun. The 
forsaid Johne his ayris or assignais payand zerly to me my ayris or assignais, for the 
forsaid thre awchtane partis of landis, ten merkis of the vsuale monee of Scotland, and 
for the forsaid tua awchtane partis, sex merkis aucht schilingis and elewyn pennyis of 
the said monee, at twa vsuale consuet termys in the zer, that is to say, Vitsonday and 
Merthnes in wynter be ewyn myd porcionis alanerly, for ale other do seruis, excep the 
penny male forsaid, with courtis, plantis, ischais of courtis, grassumis, herzeldis, mer- 
chetis, annagis, cariagis and cane, with ale othir profitis, commoditeis and rychtwise 
pertinentis that I the said Wilzam or myn ayris or assignais may wyse, bruk or ask 



242 KEIE PAPERS. [1468. 

of the forsaidis landis and pertinentis, be ony maner of way, for the zeris and tennys 
forsaid. The quhilk forsutht settyn and to mayle lattyn, I the said Wilzarn my ayris 
and assignais to the forsaid Johne his ayris and assignais sale warand, acquiet and 
aganys ale dedly defend, in maner and forme forsaid, ale fraud and gyle secludyt and 
away put. In the vitnes of the quhilk thing to thir my letteris my sele is appensit, 
at Kennoquhy, the fywtene day of the monetht of Julii, the zere of Grod a thousand 
fowl - hundretht sevynte and thre zeris. 

Instrument of Sasine in favour of Sir William of Sterling of Ratherne, of the lands 
of Meikle and Little Kinbuck, 10th September 1468. 

44. In Dei nomine Amen. Per hoe presens publicum Instrumentum cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod anno incarnationis dominice millesimo quadiingentesimo sexagesimo 
octauo, die vero mensis Septembris dechno, Indietione prima, Pontificatus sanctissimi 
in Christo patris et domini nostri, domini Pauli diuina prouidentia pape secundi, anno 
quarto: In mei notarii publici et testium subscriptorum presencia personaliter con- 
stitutus honorabilis vir, dominus Willelmus de Sterling de Rathern miles, literas 
balliatus honorabilis viri, domini Willehni de Knollis militis, preeeptoris ordinis et 
religionis Johannis Jerosalami domus et preceptorie de Torfychine, eius vero Sigillo, 
rubea cera alba mrpressa, sigillatas, pergamino scriptas, sanas et integras, non rasas 
aut viciatas, ut apparuit, sed omni prorsus vicio et suspicione carentes, prouido viro 
Alexandro Spens, balliuo in hac parte dicti domini Willelmi de Knollis specialiter 
constituto, porrexit, exhibuit et presentauit, quarum quidem literarmn tenor de uerbo in 
uerbum sequitur et est talis. Willelmus de Knollis miles, Preceptor ordinis et religionis 
Johannis Jerosalami domus et preceptorie de Torfychine, Alexandro Spens et Alexandro 
filio suo primogenito, balliuis meis in hac parte specialiter constitutis, Salutem. Quia 
concessi et dedi hereditarie honorabili viro Willelmo de Stirling de Ratherne militi, 
totas et integras terras medie partis terrarum de Litil Kynbuk et Mekle Kynbuk cum 
pertinenciis, jacentes in regalitate de Stratherne, infra vicecomitatum de Perth ; que 
fuerunt Archibaldi de Kynbuk hereditarie, et quas dictus Archibaldus, per procuratores 
suos ad hoc legittime constitutos, in manibus meis pure et simpliciter, per fustem et 
baculum, sursum reddidit et resignauit : Vobis et vestrum alteri, coniunctim et diuisim, 
precipio et mando quatenus, dicto Willelmo de Striueline militi, aut suo certo actornato 
presencium latori, sasinam hereditariam et possessionem dictarum terrarum medie 
partis do Litil Kynbuk et Blekle Kynbuk cum pertinenciis, secundum tenorem carte 
quam inde de me habet, per terre et lapidis traditionem, vt moris est, visis presentibus, 



1471.] CHARTERS, ETC. 243 

tradatis indilate, saluo hire cuiuslibet, et hoc nullo modo omittatis. Ad quod facien- 
dum vobis et vestrum alteri, conhmcthu et diuishu, meam plenariam et onmhnodani do 
et conmritto potestatem preseneium per tenorem. Datum sub sigillo meo, apud burguni 
de Striueline, octauo die mensis Septembris, anno domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
sexageshno octauo. Quibusquidem Uteris sic exhibitis, receptis, perlectis et publicatis, 
dictus Alexander Spens balliuus in hac parte, sasinam hereditariani et possessionem 
dictarum terrarum medie partis de Mekle Kynbuk et Litil Kynbuk cum pertinenciis 
[earundem, predicto] Willekno de Striueline niiliti, per terre et lapidis traditionem vt 
moris est, secundum tenorem carte desuper sibi confecte tradidit et donauit. Saluo iure 
cuiuslibet. Super quibus omnibus et singulis predictus Willelnius de Striueline a me 
notario publico subscripto sibi f[ieri petiit hoc presens publicum instrumentum seu] 
publica instrumenta, vnum uel plura. Acta erant hec super solum dictarum terrarum, 
apud capitale messuagium earundem sub anno, mense, 

die, indictione, et pontificatu quibus supra : Presentibus ibidem prouidis viris, Jacobo de 
Johanne Drummond de Auchray, Alexandro de Striueline, Macolmo de 
Kynbuk, Johanne de Calender, Willehno Morisone, Thoma Wils[oun] 
Ruderfm'd, et Johanne Mekle Jhon, testibus cum multis aliis ad premissa vocatis 
specialiter et rogatis. 

Et ego Johannes Scot presbyter Dunblanensis diocesis, publicus auctoritate Im- 
periali notarius, &c. 
Johannes Scot. 



Instrument of Sasine in favour of William Stirling, of the lands of Kere and 

Classingall, 23rd May 1471. 

45. In Dei Nomine, Amen : Per hoc presens publicum Instrumentum cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod anno Incarnacionis Dominice, millesimo quadringentesmio septuagesimo 
primo, die vero mensis Maii xxiii , Indictione quarta, Pontificatus sanctissimi in Christo 
patris et domini nostri, domini Pauli diuina prouidentia pape secundi, anno septimo : 
In mei notarii publici, et testium subscriptorum presencia, personaliter constitutus 
prouidus vir, Walterus de Kinkell, officiarius deputatus in hac parte nobilis viri, 
Willehni Mm-reff de Tulibardin militis, Senescalli de Stratherne, literas precepti et 
mandati dicti Senescalli secum in medium producens, de cuius potestate et mandato 
literatorie michi notario publico clare constabat, honorabili viro Johanni Stirling, certo 
actornato nobilis viri Willehni Stirling, filii et heredis quondam domini Willehni 
Stirling de Kere militis, per literas supremi domini nostri Regis, inibi productas et 



244 KEIR PAPERS. [1472. 

publieatas, legittime constituto ; sasinam hereditariani statum et possessionem terrarum 
de Kere et Classingall cum pertinenciis, jacentium in comitatu de Stratherne, infra 
vicecomitatum de Perth, per terre et lapidis traditionem ut moris est, tradidit et 
donauit, successiue, singulariter et singillatim ; secundum formam, eifeetum et tenorem 
precepti regii dicto Senescallo desuper directi, saluo jure cuiuslibet : Super quibus 
omnibus et singulis, dietus Johannes Stirling actornatus ut supra, nomine dicti Willelmi, 
a me notario publico, sibi fieri petiit publicum instrumentum seu publica instrumenta, 
vnum uel plura : Acta erant hec super solum dictarum terrarum, apud capitalia mes- 
suagia earundem, hora tercia uel eocirca post meridiem, sub anno, mense, die, indic- 
tione et pontificatu quibus supra : Presentibus ibidem prouidis viris, Georgio Stirling, 
Willelmo de Kinross, Michaele Arnot, Macolmo Stirling, Johanne Dawsone, Andrea 
Spens, domino Johanne Franche capellano, Jacobo Cristesone, Donaldo Millare, 
Finlayio M°Farlane, Willelmo Constable, Macolmo Sluthman, Johanne Morisone, 
Macolmo de Kinbuk, et Johanne Huchonsone, testibus cum multis aliis ad premissa 
vocatis specialiter et rogatis. 

Et ego Thomas Ancolsone Dunblanensis diocesis, auctoritate imperiali notarius ; 
preniissis, etc. 
Thomas Ancolsone. 



Charter by William Striueling of Keyr to the Chaplain at the Altar of the Virgin 
Mary in the Cathedral of Dunblane, of a toft and croft of his lands of Keyr, 
etc., 26th April 1472. 

46. Vniuersis sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentem cartam visuris vel audituris, Will- 
elmus Striueling de Keyr, Salutem in Domino sempiternam. Quia per deuotas 
oraciones ac missarum celebraciones, vbi filius hominis pro peccatis nostris offertm - , pie 
creditm - peccata dimitti pergatoriique penas demolliri, et ab eisdem penis defunctorum 
animas frequencius liberari et in paradisi gaudiis collocari. Ideoque noueritis me, pro 
salute anime illustrissimi ac serenissimi Regis Jacobi Scotorimi, et pro salute reuerendi 
in Christo patris ac domini, domini Johannis Hepburne, Dei et apostolice sedis gracia 
Episcopi Dunblanensis, necnon pro salute animarum Luce Striuelyng, Domini Willelmi 
Striuelyng militis patris mei, Margarete eius sponse ac matris mee, et pro salute anime 
mee, vxorisque mee, et prolium nostrarum, antecessorum meorum, et pro animabus 
omnium fidelium defunctorum, dedisse concessisse et hac presenti carta mea confir- 
masse, Omnipotenti Deo, curie celesti, et beate ac gloriose virgini Marie, et altari 
eiusdem in naui ecclesie cathedralis Dunblanensis situato, ex parte boriali eiusdem, et 



1472.] CHARTERS, ETC. 245 

domino Johanne Franch capellano perpetuo dieti altaris et capellanie eiusdein, eiusque 
successoribus capellanis perpetuis ad dictum altare beate Marie uirginis Deo seruituris 
et seruientibus iniperpetuum, vnam toftam et eroftain de terris rneis de Keyr jacentes 
sub villa eiusdein, sicut iacent in longitudine et latitudine, quas Johannes Alisone 
inhabitat, necnon totas et integras terras de Schanracb et Wodland cum pertinenciis, 
de terris meis de Classingall, jacentes infra vicecomitatum de Perth, ac vnum annuum 
redditum quadraginta solidorum de terris de Kippanerayt, et molendinum niemn de 
Strowe cum pertinenciis, videlicet, cum tribus acris arabilibus ten-arum mearum de 
Strowe, et sex sommis animalium in pastura in inferiori parte terrarum de Strowe. Et 
si contingat dictum molendinum de Strowe cum pertinenciis in tantum peiorari aut in 
aliquo impedimento impedire tempore futuro, ita quod septem marce pro firma dicti 
molendini de Strowe cum pertinenciis non possunt annuatim, ad terminos Penthecostes 
et sancti Martini in yeme, per equales porciones, ad vsum et vtilitatem dicti domini 
Johannis Franch perpetui capellani capellanie et altaris predicte, et suorum successorum 
qui pro tempore fuerit seu fuerint, percipere et leuare ; volo, concedo et obligo me, pro me 
et heredibus meis, quod quantum de predicta summa septem marcarum non possit de 
predicto molendino cum pertinenciis leuare tantum, dictus capellanus qui pro tempore 
fuerit, leuabit et pereipiet, ae potestatem leuandi ad manus proprias habeat, amnios 
redditus de predictis terris meis de Strowe cum pertinenciis. Tenendas habendas et 
possidendas dictas toftam et croftam, terras de Schanracht et Wodland, annuum reddi- 
tum de Kippanerait, et molendinum de Strowe, cum pertinenciis. dicto altari beate Marie 
uirginis, et domino Johanni Franch capellano perpetuo dicti altaris inibi vt premittitur 
celebraturo, et suis successoribus capellanis perpetuis qui pro tempore fuerint, in puram 
et perpetuam elemosinam . . . Faciendo inde annuatim dictus dominus Johannes 
Franch capellanus perpetuus beate Marie uirginis et capellanie antedicte diuinum 
seruicium per se aut per ydoneum capellanum per ipsum dominum Johannem ad 
seruiendum dicto altari conductum. Ac eciam volo et concedo, pro me et heredibus 
meis, quod prefatus dominus Johannes Franch capellanus antedictus, libere gaudebit 
aliquo beneficio ecclesiastico siue caj>ellania, cum cura vel sine cura, pro toto tempore 
vite sue, mea capellania perpetua per me dicto domino Johanni Franch data et concessa 
non obstante. Volo eciam et ordino, quod successores vero dicti clomini Johannis 
Franch capellani perpetui dicti altaris et capellanie antedicte qui pro tempore fuerint, 
in ciuitate Dunblanense personaliter et continuam faciant residenciam et diuina cele- 
brant ad altare antedictum et tale seruicium faciant, sicut ceteri capellani fundati in 
naui ecclesie cathedralis Dunblanensis antedicte faciunt pro animabus supradictis. Et 
si abinde aliquis capellanus perpetuus dicti altaris qui pro tempore fuerit, dicto domino 

2 i 



246 KEIR PAPERS. [1472. 

Johanne Franch capellano perpetuo dicti altaris excepto, negligens et vagus fuerit per 
duos menses, sine speciali licencia a me et heredibus meis petita et obtenta, volo quod 
dicta capellania beate Marie uirginis in manibus meis et heredum meorum dicte capel- 
lanie patrononun piu-e et simpliciter vacabit eo facto. Volo eciam et concedo, ac per 
presentes ordino, quod presentacio siue jus patronatus, quociens tociens dicta capellania 
vacauerit, semper ad me heredes meos et successores imperpetuum pertineat. Et si con- 
tingat me heredes meos vel successores nullum presentare capellanum ydoneum ad 
capellaniam predictam infra duos menses immediate sequentes post vacacionem dicte 
capellanie, tunc obligo me heredes meos et successores in summa viginti mercarum 
vsualis monete regni Scoeie fabrice ecclesie cathedralis Dunblanensis nomine pene 
persoluenda ; presentacio vero dicte capellanie tunc ad manus reuerendi in Christo 
patris Johannis Episcopi Dunblanensis antedicti, et successorum suorum qui pro tem- 
pore fuerint, deuoluitur ilia vice, et hoc tociens quociens negligentes erunt patroni in 
presentacione dicte capellanie ... In cuius rei testimonium sigillum meiun huic 
presenti carte fundacionis capellanie niee est appensum, apud Keyr, vicesimo sexto die 
mensis Aprilis, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesimo septuagesimo secundo. Pre- 
sentibus venerabilibus et ciremnspectis viris, Luca Striuelyng, Georgeo Striuelyng, 
Johanne Striuelyng, Dauid Arnot, domino Willekno Patonson capellano, Johanne 
Smyth, Finlaio M c Gowne, Macolmo Gierke, Willelmo Cochrane et Makbre, cum diuersis 
aliis. 

Et nos Johannes Dei et apostolice sedis gracia Episcopus Dunblanensis predicte 
capellanie fundacionem et donacionem, ac omnia alia et singula iu presenti carta 
fundacionis contenta, in omnibus suis punctis, articulis, modis, condicionibus et 
circimistanciis, forma pariter et effectu, diuini cultus augmentacionis, zelo cari- 
tatis intuitu et egencimn curarum specialiter predictarum contemplacione salutis, 
pro nobis et succcssoribus nostris Dunblanensibus Episcopis, approbamus, ratifi- 
camus, ac dictum molendiniuu, annuos redditus et terras predictas, tenore presen- 
tium idem domino Johanni Franch capellano perpetuo dicti altaris et capellanie 
eiusdem et suis succcssoribus imperpetuum confirmamus, ac dictum dominmu 
Johannem Franch capellanum antedictum, pro se et suis succcssoribus, in realem, 
actualem, et corporalem possessionem dicti altaris et capellanie supradicte cum 
pertinenciis, in quantum ad nos pertinet, induximus, admissimus et inuestiuimus. 
In quorum approbacionis ratificacionis et imperpetuum confirmacionis testimo- 
nium, sigillum nostrum rotuudiun presentibus est appensum, apud Dun- 
blanam, decimo die mensis Mali, anno millesimo quadringentesimo septuagesimo 
secundo. 



1472-73.] CHARTERS, ETC. 247 

Instrument in favour of William Stirling, Lord of Cadar, Knight, anent the lands 
of Estir Cadar, 10th May 1472. 

47. In Dei Nomine Amen. Per hoc presens publicum Instrumentum cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod anno Incarnationis Dominice, millesimo quadringentesimo septuagesimo 
secundo, mensis vero Maii die decima, Indictione quinta, pontificatus sanctissimi in 
Christo patris et domini nostri, domini Sixti diuina prouidentia pape quarti, anno primo: 
In mei notarii publici et testium subscriptorum presentia personaliter constitutus, 
prouidus vir Vmfridus Stirling, Alius honorabilis viri, domini Willelmi Stirling domini 
de Cadar niilitis, et eiusdem Willelmi procurator in hac parte specialiter deputatus, de 
cuius procuratoris mandato et potestate michi notario publico subscripto, sufficient 
constabat documento, accessit ad presentiam honorabilis viri, Walteri Stewart de Morfy, 
et eundem Walterum, nomine procuratorio dicti Willelmi Stirling, premuniuit et 
onerauit, vt veniret ad ecclesiam parochialem burgi de Striucline, ad resignandum et 
sursum reddendum dicto Willelmo aut procuratori suo, duas partes terrarum de Estir 
Cadar, cum omni jure et clameo quod habet ad dictas terras, et ad recipiendam 
summam monete dicto Willelmo inde debitam, secundum formam literarum et enden- 
turarum desuper confectarum ; cui procuratori dictus Walterus responsum dedit quod 
venire noluit. Super quibus omnibus et singulis dictus procurator a me notario publico 
subscripto sibi fieri petiit vnum seu plura, publicum instrumentmn aut publica instru- 
menta : Acta fuerunt hec in publica via, infra [burgum] de Striueline, prope hospitium 
nobilis domine Elisabeth Stewart domine de Bigare, hora quasi vndecima ante meridiem, 
sub anno, die, mense, indictione et pontificatu quibus supra ; presentibus ibidem honora- 
bilibus et prouidis viris, Waltero de Buch[quhannan] filio et herede apparente Patricii 
de Buchquhannan de eodem, Willebno [ burgense] dicti burgi, domino Riehardo 
Smythsoun capellano, Johanne cum multis aliis testibus ad premissa 
[vocatis pariterque] rogatis. 

Et ego Johannes de Spens, presbyter Dunblanensis diocesis publicus auctoritate 
Imperiali Notarius, dicte premuuitioni ceterisque omnibus premissis, etc. 
Johannes de Spens. 

Lettek by King James III. that he would not revoke the erection of the Barony of 
Keire in favour of William of Striueling of the Keire, 28th January 1473. 

48. James be the grace of God King of Scottis, To all and sindri oure liegis and subditis 
quhais knaulage thir oure lettrez salcum greting. Forsamekill as oure louet Wilzame 



248 KEIR PAPERS. [1474. 

of Striueling of the Keire has be his procuratouris lauchfull, and his lettrez patent vndir 
his sele, purely and simpilly resignit in oure handis all and sindry his landis of the 
Keire, Lupnoich, Classingawis, Dachlewane and Retherne Striueling, with thare per- 
tinentis, Hand in the Earledome of Stratherne within the shirefdome of Perthe, and his 
landis of Strowy with the pertinentis Hand within the saide shirefdome ; the quhilk all 
and sindry landis forsaide with thare pertinentis we have vnyt and annexit in ane 
baronry, to be callit perpetually the barony of the Keire, and gevin thame agane 
heretably in fre barony to the saide Wilzanie and his aeris, to be haldin of ws and our 
successouris for a conrmoun soyte in the shiref court of Perthe in tyme tocum : We 
grant be thir oure lettrez to the saide Wilzame and his aeris, that na reuocatioune to be 
made be ws sal extend nor strike apoune oure charter and donacioun made to him of 
the landis abone writin, or do ony preiudice or hurt thareto in tyme tocum, suppos it 
happin ws to mak generall reuocatioune hereftir. G-evin vnder oure Priue Sele at 
Edinburgh, the xxviii day of Januar, the zer of our Lorde a thousand fourehundreth 
sevinty and thre zeris, and of oure regnne the xiiii zer. 

Litera pro Willelmo Striueling de Keire etc. 

Letter of Reversion by William of Menteth, of the West Kers, to William of 
Striueline of the Kere, of the lands of the Halcoyge, 6th January 1474. 

49. Be it kend til al men be thir present letteris, me Williame of Menteth of the 
Westkers, to be bundyn and oblist, and be thir my present letteris, and the faith in 
my body, lelely and treuly bindis and oblisis me, myne ayris and assignais, til ane 
honorabile man, Williame of Striueline of the Kere, his ayris and assignais, that 
nochtwithstanding that the said Williame of Striueline has grantit, sauld, alienat, here- 
tably and perpetualy confirmyt, to me my ayris and assignais, the acht rnarcis wourth 
of al and hale the landis of the Halcoyge with thar pertinence, lyand in the barony 
of the Kere, within the shireflFdome of Stratherne, and has bundyn and drawyn in 
warandice and sikyrness to me heretably tharof, acht marcis wourth of his landis of 
Strowy with thar pertinence, lyand in the north part of the samyn landis within the 
said shireffdome, and gifyne me heretably stat saysing and possessioune tharof, as 
his letteris and euidentis grantit and maid to me tharvpon mare fullely proportis ; 
Neuertheless hovsoun and quhat tyme it sal happyne the sayd Williame of Striueline 
his ayris or assignais, to pay and content to me myne ayris or assignais, the sovme 
of tva hundreth marcis of gud and vsual money of the kynrik of Scotland, in ane hale 
sovme and togidder, in money novmeryt and tauld, vpone ane day betuix the sone 



1477.] CHARTERS, ETC. 249 

rising and the ganging to of that ilk, vpone the hie altar of the paroch kyrk of Logy 
besyd Striuelyne ; I, the said Willianie of Menteth, my ayris or assignais, to the resat 
of the said sovme lauchfully warnyt be the said Williarne of Striueline, his ayris or 
assignais, on fourty days warning, at oure propir personis, or at oure mansionis or 
duelling placis that beis for the tyme, or at the parich kyrk of Alvay in the hie mess 
tyme, on ane solempnyt day, in oppyne audience befor the parichine thar being- 
present ; thane and incontinent eftir the resat of the said sovme, al and syndry the 
said landis of the Halcoyge, and the acht marcis wourth of the landis of Strowy with 
thar pertinence, to the said Williame of Striueline his ayris or assignaiss, fra me my 
ayris and assignais, sal returne agane and remane with thame in fee and heretage 
euerlesting : And the samyne tyme, I the said Williame of Menteth, myne ayris or 
assignais, purly and symply sal resigne and gifour, al and syndry the said landis of 
the Halcoyge, and the said acht marcis wourth of the landis of Strowy with thai- 
pertinence, to the said Williame of Striueline, his ayris and assignais, with stat saysing 
and possessioune, charteris, intrumentis, and vthir euidentis maid and gevyne to me 
thairvpon, sva that the said sovme being payt, as sayd is, nothir I, my ayris nor 
assignais sal nocht nor may nocht haue no rycht nor clame of rycht, petitor nor pos- 
sessor, in nor to the said landis with thar pertinence, bot fra thame ve be al vterly 
removit and excludyt be thir present letteris. And gif it sal happyne, as God forbeid, 
me, the said Williame of Menteth, my ayris or assignais fraudfully til absent vs fra 
the ressat of the sayd sovme, we being tharto lauchfully warnyt as sayd is, it sal be 
leful and lauchful to the sayd Williame of Striueline til haue heretably regres for him 
his ayris and assignais, til al and syndry the said landis with thar pertinence, ay and 
quhil I, my ayris and assignais ressaue the said sovme, it being proferyt til vs of the 
said warnyng, but fraud or gile. In witness of the quhilk thing, to thir my present 
letteris, I haue to hung and put my seil, at the Westkers, the sest day of the moneth 
of Januarii, the zer of God, ane thousand four hundreth sevynty and four zeris : 
befor thir witness, Frere Johone Broun Priour of the Freris of Striueline, Johone of 
Betoun of Balfour, Sehir James Darow and Schir Robert Redhuch chapellanis and 
public notaris, with diuers vtheris. 

Resignation by Walter Stuart of Morphe and Patrick of Stereling of the two parts 
of the lands of Ester Cadar in the hands of William of Stereling Laird of 
Cadere, their Over Lord, 22nd April 1477. 

50. Be it kend till al men be thir present Letteris, ws Walter Stuart of Morphe and 



250 KEIR PAPERS. [1477. 

Patrike of Stereling, the sone winquhill of Gilbert of Stereling and Isabell Tripnay his 
spous, nocht throw strencht na drede lede, na throu errour slidding, bot of our awyn 
verray fre and wilfull will, our profyt on ilke side befor seyne and considerit, wicht 
staff and bastone, purely and simpilly, to hawe resignit, and be thir our present letteris 
resingis, vpgeffis and ourgeffis, al and syndry the twa partis of the landis of Ester Cadar 
with the pertinens, liande in the baronry of Glasgow and the schiradome of Lanark, 
fra ws our airis and assignais, in the handis of a worchipful man, Schir William of 
Stereling Larde of Cadar knycht, our ourlorde of the samyng landis with the pertinens, 
till hyme his airis and assignais perpetuabilly and irreuocabilly in fe and heretaige for 
euermar, with al and syndry richtis titil and clamis of richt, charteris, inquestis, statis, 
sesingis, propirteis, possessionis, evidentis, lattyn to borchtis, actis, decretis, instru- 
mentis, writtis, documentis and munimentis that we half hade or may haff for ws our 
airis and assignais be ony manner of way, now or in tyme to cum, in or to the saide 
landis with the pertinens as sade is ; swa that the saide Schir William his airis and 
assignais may frely and peciabilly dispoyne, joyss, brouk and manur the said landis with 
the pertinens quhatever thai be, without impediment questione or demande of ws our 
airis and assignais, or ony vthcr in our name ; Sua that we our airis and assignais be 
absoluit and excludit fra all richt, titil and clame of richt, propirte possessione, als 
weile petatory as possessory, of the saide landis with the pertinens, with the renunciatioun 
of the sammyne, without reuocatione, fraude, gyle, male ingine, or fruel exceptione, be 
ony maner of way as saide is for euermar. In the presens of reuerendis nobillis and 
mychty Lordis, Johne Bischop of Glasgow, William Bischop of Orkynnay, Andro Lord 
Awandaile Chansellar of Scotland, Colyne Erie of Argaile, Johne Erie of the Lenax, 
Robert Lorde Lile, Johne Lord Carlile, William Lord Creichtone, Alexander Scot Clerk 
of our souerane lordis Consaile, and Johne the Boos of Montgrenane, with otheris 
diuers. In witnes of the quhilk thing to thir our letteris of resignatione we haw 
hungyn our seellis, and for the mar sekerncs I the saide Waltyr, for me and the saide 
Patrike, becaus he cane noeht subscriwe, has subscriwit with my awyne hande and 
propir name, at Edinburgh, the twenty twa day of Aprile, the zer of Gode a thoussande 
four hundreth sewynty and sewyn zeris. 

Obligation by Walter Stewart of Morphy to Sir William of Streling of Cadar, 

Knight, 29th April 1477. 

51. To all and sindry to imhais knawleige thir present letteris sal to cum, Walter Stewart 
of Morphy, greting in God euerlesting. Vittis zour vniuersite me, to haff granttit 



1484] CHARTERS, ETC. 251 

opynly and notourly maide knawyn and be thir present letteris afauldly sekirly and 
fauthfully, be the faitht and trewtht of my body, grantis, rnakis opyn and noterly 
knawyne, that I had nener stat, seissing no possessione of the twa partis of the landis 
of Ester Cadar wyth the pertinence, liande in the baronry of Glasgow, and the schira- 
dome of Lanark, be wmquhill Gilbert of Streling, Isabell Tripnay his spous, na be 
Patrik of Streling, sonne of the forsadis wniquhill Gilbert and Isabell, na be ony yther 
in thar name, na on thar behalff, nor zit be ony Yther persone or personys, lewande nor 
ded, in preue or in apert, stilly or loude. And attour, I the saide Walter byndis and 
oblisis me myne airis and assignais, be the fathtis and trewthis of our bodeis, sekerly 
and irreuocabilly, in the mast seker strat forme and styile of obligacione, to ane 
honorabill man, Schir William of Streling of Cadar knycht, his airis and assignais, that 
I the said Walter myne airis or assignais sal neuer mak clam, inquete, wex, perturb, 
distrouble nor mowe questione in the contrar, of the saide Schir William his airis or 
assignais, in or anentis the richt possessioun, brukyne, joysing or manuryng of the tua 
partis of the saide landis of Ester Cadar wyth the pertinens, in the law or by the law, in 
jugement or outwicht jugment, be ony maner of way in tynie to cum. Renunciande all 
richtis or clames of richt that I the saide Walter myne airis and assignais had, has, or 
may hawe in and to the said landis of the twa partis of Ester Cadar wyth the pertinens 
quhatsumeuer be ony maner of way in tyme to cum, all fraude, gile, cauillatione, dissait, 
maile ingine, and fruell exceptione all vterly excludit and away put, na remeide of law, 
canon, ciuyl, act, statut nor decret of parliament, nor general counsaile in the contrar 
ony maner of way to be schawing, proponit, allegit befor ony minister of law, spirituals 
or temporaile, now or in tyme to cum, without fraude or gile as said is. In witnes of 
the quhilk thing to thir my present letteris of obligacioune I haw hungyne my seele, 
and subscriwit with my awyne hande, at Edinburgh the twenty nyne day of the 
moneth of Aprile, the zer of Gode a thoussande four hundreith sewynty and sewyn 
zeris. 

Seal : On a shield couche quarterly 1st and 4th the lion of Scotland within the 
double tressure surmounted with a Ribbon ; 2d and 3d a fess cheque : Sup- 
porters, two Lions. 

Letter of Reversion by Matthew Forestar, Burgess of Striueline, to William of 
Striueline of the Kere, of the lands of Dachlewane, 27th August 1484. 

52. Be it kend till all men be thir present letteris, me, Mathew Forestar, burges of 
Striueline, tilbe bundiu and oblist, and be thir my present letteris, and the faith 



252 KEIR PAPERS. [1484. 

in my body lelely and trewly bindis and oblisis me myne ayris and assignais, till ane 
honorable man, Williame of Striueline of the Kere, his ayris and assignais, that nocht- 
withstanding that the said Williame has sauld and analeit and perpetually heretably 
confirmyt, be chartir and possessioune, to me myne ayris and assignais, all and hale 
his landis of Dachlewyne with thair pertinence, lyand in the shireffdorne of Perth, as 
the chartir and possessioune maid and gevyn be him to me tharapon mare fullely 
proportis ; that quhat tyme and howsone it sail happin the said Williame of Striueling 
his ayris or assignais to pay and content to me, myne ayris or assignais, the sovrne of 
tw.a hundreth mercis of gude and vsuale money of the kinrik of Scotland, in ane hale 
sovnie and togiclder, in money numerat and tauld, on a day betuix the sone rysing and 
the ganging to of that ilk, within the paroch kirk of Striueling on the hie altar of the 
sammyne ; I the said Mathew myne ayris or assignais, be the said Williame his ayris 
or assignais to the rasate of the said sovnie lauchfully warnyt on twenty dais warnyng, 
at oure propir personis, or at oure duelling placis, or at oure paroch kirk on ane 
solemnyt day in the hie messtyme befoir the parochin thair beyng present, than and 
incontinent the said sovme beyng pait as said is ; all and hale the forsaidis landis 
of Dachlewyne with thair pertinence sal returne agane fra me, myne ayris and 
assignais to the said Williame his ayris and assignais, and remane with thame in fee 
and heretage euerlesting. And that ilk tyme I the said Mathew, myne ayris and 
assignais sail purely and simply resigne and geve oure fra vs, to the said Williame 
his ayris and assignais perpetually, all and hale the saidis landis with thair pertinence 
togidder with chartir, state saising and possessioune maid and gevin be the said 
Williame to me thairupon, swa that the said sovme beyng pait as said is, nothir I, the 
said Mathew, myne ayris nor assignais sail nocht nor may nocht haue na rycht nor 
titill of rycht, propirte nor possessioune petitor nor possessor, in nor to all and hale 
the said landis or ony pairt of thame with thair pertinence, bot we thairfra al vterly to 
be removit and excludyt be thir my present letteris, vnder the stratest and sikkerest 
stile and forme of obligatioune all fraud, gile, cauillatioune, exceptioune and evyll 
ingine removit and excludyt. In witnes of the quhilk thing, to thir my present letteris 
my sele is to hung, at the Abbay of Cambuskeneth, the twenty sevynt day of the moneth 
of August, the zere of God, ane thousand four hundredth achty and four zeris, befor 
thir witnes, Henry, be the permissione of God, Abbot of the said Abbay of Cambus- 
keneth, Leonart Abbircrommy, Henry Myrtoune, Richard Smethsone, chapellane 
and public notar, and Edward Spetale, with vthir diuers. 



I486.] CHARTERS, ETC. 253 

Letter of Reversion by Duncan Forester, Burgess of Striueline, to William of 
Striueling of the Kere, of the lauds of Dachlewin, 10th May 1486. 

53. Be it kend till all men be thir present letteris, me Duncane Forester, burges of the 
burgh of Striueline, to be bundin and oblist, and be thir my present letteris and the 
faith in my body, lelely and treuly bindis and oblisis me myne ayris and assignais, 
ane or ma, till ane nobill man, Williame of Striueling of the Kere, his airis and 
assignais, ane or ma, that forsamekle as the saide Williame, has gevin, grantit, and 
heretabli perpetualy confermyt to me be charter and possessioune, all and sindri 
his landis of Dachlewin, with thair pertinence ; and in warandyce and securite tharof, 
all and hale his landis of the Auld Kere with thair pertinence, lyand within the 
schireffclome of Perth, as the charter euidentis and wryttis maid betuix vs tharupone 
mare fullely proportis ; nochtganestanding quhat tyme and howsone it sail happin the 
saide Williame, his ayris or assignais, to pay and content to me myne ayris or assignais, 
the sovme of twa hundreth merkis of gude and vsuale money of the kinrik of Scotland, 
in ane hale sovme and togiddir iu money to be numerat and tauld, one ane day betuix 
the sone rising and the ganging to of that ilk, within the paroch kirk of Striueling, 
on Sanct Andros Altare the Appostill within his lie of the sammyn, I the said 
Duncan myne airis or assignais ane or ma, to the said Williame of Striueling his airis 
or assignais ane or ma, to the ressate of the said sovme lachfully warnit on fourty 
dais warnyng, at oure propir pcrsonis, or at cure duelling placis, or within oure jjaroch 
kirk on ane solempnyt day, in the hie mess tyme in opin audience before the parochin 
thare beand present for the tyme, than and incontinent, the said sovme being pait as 
said is ; all and sindre the saidis landis of Dachlewin with thare pertinence, and 
in warandis tharof, all and hale the saidis landis of the Auld Kere with thair per- 
tinence sail returne agane fra me myne ayris and assignais, to the said Williame 
his ayris and assignais, and rernane with thame in fe and heretage euerlesting, And 
that ilk tyme, the said sovme being pait as said is, I the said Duncan, myne ayris 
or assignais ane or ma, sail purly and simply resigne and geve our fra vs perpetualy 
to the said Williame his ayris or assignais ane or ma, all and sindre the saidis landis 
of Dachlewin with thare pertinence, and in warrandys tharof, all and hale the saidis 
landis of the Auld Kere with thare pertinence, togidder with charter, state saysing 
and possessioune, and all vthir euidentis maid and gevin till vs apon the propirty 
and fee of the saidis landis with thare pertinence ; swa that the said sovme being 
pait as said is, nothir I, myne airis, nor assignais, sail nocht nor may nocht haue na 
richt nor titill of richt, propirte nor possessioune in or to the saidis landis with thare 

2k 



254 KEIR PAPERS. [1486. 

pertinence, bot we tharfra all vtirly to be removit and excludyt be thir oure present 
letteris vndir the sikkerest stile and forme of obligatioime, all fraude, gile, cauillatioune, 
exceptioune and evill ingine, remouit and excludit. And gif it sail happin me the 
said Duncane, myne ayris or assignais, as God forbeid, fraudfully till absent vs fra 
the ressate of the said sovme, we beand lachfully warnit tharto as said is, it sal 
be lefull and lachfull to the said Williame of Striueling, his ayris or assignais ano 
or ma, till haue full regress to the saidis landis with thare pertinence, and heretabli 
to brok and joys thame. And I and myne airis, quhen it sail pies vs to ressaue the 
said sovme and frely to dispone tharupoun till oure vs and proffette, I the said 
Duncan, myne ayris or assignais, ane or ma, brukand and joysand the assedatioune 
of all and hale the saidis landis of Dachlewin with thare pertinence for the termes 
of thre zeris next and immediat folowand the day of the redemyng, lowsing and 
outquiting of the saidis landis with thare pertinence, for the male payand zerly of ten 
merkis of the vsuale money of Scotland, alanerly for the saidis termes. In witnes of 
the quhilk thing, to thir my present letteris I haue to hung my sele at Cambuskeneth, 
the tent day of the moneth of Maii, the zere of God, ane thousand four hundreth, 
achty and sex zeris, befor thir witnes, ane venerable fadir in Crist, Henry, be the 
permissione of God, Abbot of the said Abbay of Cambuskeneth, Johone of Abbir- 
crummy, Archibauld of Abircrummy, Leonard of Abbircrumniy, Andro Abbircrummy, 
Schir Dugale Cosour, chapellane, public notar, and James of Abbircrummy, with 
diuers vtheris. 

Charter by King James III. to John Striueling, younger of Cragbernard, of the 
lands of Cragbernard, 29th May 1486. 

51. Jacobus Dei gracia Rex Scotorum; Omnibus probis honiinibus totius terre sue, clericis 
et laicis, Salutem : Sciatis nos dedisse, concessisse, et hac presenti carta nostra confir- 
masse, dilecto familiari armigero nostro, Johanni Striueling, filio et apparenti heredi 
dilecti nostri, Johannis Striueling de Cragbernard, omnes et singulas terras de Crag- 
bernard, Balgrochquheris, Korfatrik, Leythhedis, et Balglass, cum pertinenciis, jacentes 
infra comitatum de Levenax, et vicecomitatmn nostrum de Striueling : Quequidem 
terre cum pertinenciis fuerunt dicti Johannis Striueling senioris hereditarie, et quas 
idem Johannes senior ... in manibus nostris, tanquam in manibus comitis de 
Levenax, apud Edinburgh, per fustem et baculum et suos procuratores . 
resignauit . . . Tenendas et habendas . . . dicto Johanni Striueling juniori 
et heredibus suis, de nobis et successoribus nostris, comitibus de Levenax, in feodo et 



I486.] CHARTERS, ETC. 255 

hereditate imperpetuum . . . Faciendo inde annuatiiu, dictus Johannes Striue- 
ling junior et heredes sui, nobis et successoribus nostris, comitibus de Levenax, jura et 
seruicia de dictis terris cum pertinenciis ante dictam resignacionem debita et consueta : 
Reseruato tamen libero tenemento omnium et singularum predictarum terrarum cum 
pertinenciis, dicto Johanni Striueling seniori, pro toto tempore vite sue tantum : In 
cuius rei testimonium presenti carte nostre magnum sigillum nostrum apponi prece- 
pimus : Testibus, reuerendissimo in Christo patre, Willelmo Arcbiepiscopo Sancti- 
anclree ; reuerendis in Christo patribus, Roberto Episcopo Grlasguensi, Georgio Epis- 
copo Dunkeldensi, Willelmo Episcopo Abirdonensi ; dilectis consanguineis nostris, 
Colino Comite de Ergile, Domino Campbell, et Lome, Cancellario nostro, Dauid Comite 
de Craufurde Domino Lindesay, Andrea Domino Avandale, Willelmo Domino Borth- 
wik, magistro hospicii nostri ; dilectis clericis nostris, magistris Dauid Levingstoune 
Rectore de Aire, nostri gecreti sigilli custode, Archibaldo Quhitlaw Archidiaeono 
Laudonie, secretario nostro, et domino Alexandro Soot, Rectore de Wigtoune, clerico 
nostrorum rotuloruni et registri : Apud Edinburgh, vicesimo nono die mensis Maii, 
anno Domini millesimo quadringentesinio octuagesimo sexto, et regni nostri vicesimo 
sexto. 



Obligation by Jonet of Quhannene to infeft William Stewart of Baldorane in the 
lands of Ballifoule, 10th July 1486. 

55. Be it kende till all menne be thir present letteris, me Jonet o Quhannene in my madin- 
hede, dochtir ande apperande ayir to Mungo of Quliannen of Stratheir, to be obleist 
and bundin, and be thir my present letteris lelily and trewlie bindis and oblessis me, 
tnyn ayris, executuris, and assignais, be the fatht in oure bodeis, till ane wourthie man, 
Wylzheme Stewart o Baldorane, his ayris executouris and assignais ; that I the said 
Jonet, myn ayris or assignais, sell lelyle and trewly, but fraud or gill or fruolus excep- 
tione, ordolay rais follow and persew oure souerane lorde the kynggis brewis for my 
lauchfull or tharis entres sesing or possessione to be hede ande optenyt in all and halle 
oure landis offt Strathir, witht thare pertinens, Hand in the erldome of Stratherne, 
within the schirefdome of Pertht ; and incontinent efter that, I the said Jonet, myne 
ayris or assignais, or owre attournais, optenis and gettis lauchfull stait, sesing, entres, 
and possession in the said landis, with thar pertinens, I or thai sail entyre and lauch- 
foully infeyft be charter and sesing, wndir my sail or tharis, the said Wylzhame, his 
ayris or assignais abwne writin, in the foure markis wourth of land of auld extent of 
Ballifoule, with thar pertinens, within audit dais at the farest next efter followand the 



256 KEIE PAPERS. [1486. 

day that I myn ayris or assignais beis lauchfullie enterit in the saidis landis ; to be 
haldin and hede the saidis four rnarkis wortht of land, witkt thar pertinens, to the said 
Wilzhame, his ayris or assignais for said, of me myn aris or assignais, in fe and heritage 
for ewer maire, with all prophetis court and plaint, in fre blanchferme, for ane braide 
arowe at Mydsymyr gif it be askit allanyrlie, for all hudir seruice, with claus of 
waryndeis in lauchfull and sykyr form of an charter ; the quhylk I bind and oblys me 
myn aris of lyn and taylzhe, letterill, colletterelle, and assignais, myn and thare landis, 
rentis, possessions, and gudis, muwabill and onmawabill, had and to be had, to the said 
Wylzheme and his ayris executouris and assignais, in the sekerrest forme and best 
stylle of obligacione that can be deveset in forma speculatoris, all fraud, cawillacione, 
gill, and dissait awapwt : And gif it happinis me the said Jonet or myn aris as said 
is or assignais, tyll enaillie be selling wedsetting or for mailleng, ony of my foir said 
landis of Stratheir, with thar pertinens, or thars, I obleis me, myn ayris, thain, thar 
ayris and owr assignais, in the stille of obligacion abown writin, to prophir and gif 
thaim to the said Wylzheme and his ayris or assignais befoir ony wdoris, thai giifand 
tharefore ressonabylie but inconueniens as huderis wyll : And gif it happinnys, as God 
for beid it do, me the said Jonet, or myn aris of lyn or tailzhe, letterill, or colletterile, 
or owr assignais, to faylzhe or be obstant in the fowfylling and completing of the 
thingis and condicionis abown writtin, that is to say, in the giffeing of a gud and 
sufficiande chartyr of fe and heritagis, and a cessing thar apone, of the foir said landis 
with thar pertinens, to the said Wylzheme, and his ayris or assignais forsaidis ; or gif 
ewer it happinnis me, or myn aris or myn assignais, as said is of befoir, to wex inquiet 
or dystrobyll the said Wylzhem and his ayris or assignais foir saidis, in the brwking 
ande josing of the foir said landis, be brewis pledappill or wdir wayis efter thare entres 
in the said landis, ■ I binde and oblyss me and myn ayris, tham and thair ayris and 
thar assignais ore executouris as saide is of befoir, my landis and thar landis, and owr 
giddis mouabill and onmwuabill quhat siun ewer, to the said Wylzheme, and his ayris 
executouris and assignis, in the sowme of twa hundretht rnarkis of husualle mony of 
Scotlande, to be pait within xv dais to the said Wylzhem, or his ayris executouris or 
assignais, efter the broking and nonfulling of the said thingis and condicionis a bowne 
writin, and efter the inquietation and wexin of hym or tham in the said landis with 
the pertinens, in the naym of costis, skathlis, dampnagis, and expensis, and to be rasset 
be the said Wylzhame, or his aris executouris or assignais, of me the said Jonet and 
my naris and assignais as is foir saide, myn and thair landis ande guddis mvuabill and 
onmvuabylle, to be puyndit thair foir, led and away hede, at thare awyn hande, but 
leif of ony jugis spiritualle or temporall, quhill thai be fullcly contenit and pait of 



I486.] CHARTERS, ETC. 257 

the sowin of twa hundretht markis of husualle invny of Scotlande, in the paryes kyrk 
of Bawquheder, on the he alter of the sainin, togedir and one a day, the quhylk day 
salbe within xv dais efter the knawlegis of the breking and nonfulling of the said 
eondicionis and apuntmentis as said is ; and I nor myn aris nor assignais newer to be 
harde in jugement, in priuy nor in pertht, still nor lowd, be ony maner or ordir of law, 
in the said mater or tweching the said landis with the pertinens, qukill the saide sovm be 
pait as said is : Ande likwis I bind and oblis me and myn ayris, myn and thair landis 
and gudis, in a hundretht markis to our said souerane lorde the king and his succes- 
souris, within fourthie dais nixt efter following the broking of the saide apoyntment, in 
nayme of payne ; and in ane vthir hundretht markis to the Byschope of Dunblane that 
sail happin to be for the tym, and to the kyrk werk of Dunblane, within the said fourthie 
dais, or ewere I or myn ayris be herd in jugment as said is ; na remede of law cannon 
or cywille, or actis of parliamentis, generalle consalis, statutis or ordinancis, maid or 
to be maid withstandand in the contrare quhatsumewer may be proponit ; neuer the 
les this present writ and bande to remane in all strentht ande effect of the sammyn : 
Ande heire attorn- gift it happinnis me to faylze, as God forbeit, in the lauchfull 
entering of the said Wylzheme or his ayris foir saidis in the said landis, within aucht 
days nixt eftir following my said interes in thame, I mak constitutis and ordanis be 
thir present, now as than and than as now, honorabill men, Archbalde Edmistoune, 
sone and apperant air tyll Wylzheme Edmistoune of Duntretht, James Edmistone his 
brothir, Jhone Campbell, sone to Schir Colin Cambell, Androw Stewart, ande Jkone 
of Striviling, and ilkane of thame, coniunctlie and seueralie, my werray lauchfull 
wndoutit and wnreuocabille procuratouris, actouris, factouris, and intromettouris, spe- 
cialie ; giffand and grantand, now as than and than as now, to my saidis procuratouris 
and to ilkane of thame, coniunctlie and seueralie, fulle pouer and speciale mandment 
ande purlie charge and simpli, to wp gywe and resigne the said four markes wortht of 
lande of Ballifoule, with thare pertinens, be staf and bastoune, in my owr lordis hande 
or his ayris ; haldand and for me and for myn ayris ferine and stabill wnreuocabilly 
for euir mair, quhatsumeuer my said procuratouris or ony of thame, coniunctly and 
seueralie, in making of the said resignatione ledis to be doin ; sa that the saidis landis 
beand resignit in the said owyr lordis handis or his ayris, it sail be lefulle to thame 
to dispone thareapon at thare wil fre : In witnes of the quhilk thing to be kepit but 
frauyd or gille, I hawe hung to my awyn selle to this present obligatione, at the Ille 
off Bragane, the x dai off Julii, the zheir of Gode ane thousand four hundretht four 
score and vi zheris ; and for the mayr werificatione and knawlegis that my selle is les 
knawyn, I hawe procuryt with instans the selle of ane rycht honorabyll and wourschip- 



258 KEIR PAPERS. [1487. 

full man, Dunkan Cambell of Glenorquhay, haffande the strentht of nryn awyn propir 
sell, to be hungyn to this present obligatione witht my awyn propir sell, dai, zeir, and 
place a bowff writin, be foir thir witnes, Jhone Cambell sone to Sehir Collyn Cambell 
knycht, Jhone Cambell, Ewyn Cambell sone, Fyndlaw Mak nab, sone and apperand 
ayr to Patrik Maknab Lard of that Hk, Androw Stewart, Jhone Duncansone, Jorge 
Neylsone, Wicar of Ballquheder, Fyndlaw Mordochsone, Mair of Ballquheder, and 
Nieoll Neylsone, with huderis sindry. 



Retotjr of William Striueling, as Heir of William Striueling of Cadder, his father, in 
the lands of Lettyr, 29th May 1487. 

56. Hec inquisitio facta apud pretorium bnrgi de Striueling, vicesimo nono die mensis Maii, 
anno Domini millesimo quadringenteshno octuageshno septimo, coram honorabili Tiro 
Alexandro Cunyngahame de Polmais Cunyngahame, vicecomitis de Striueling deputato, 
per hos subscriptos, videlicet, Alexandruni Setoune de Tulibody, Johannem Striueling 
de Cragbarnard, Duncanum Forester de G-unnerschaw, Dauid Broiss de Kennet, 
Johannem Striueling juniorem, filimn et heredem apparentem dicti Johannis Striueling, 
Jacobum Lekky de eodem, Johannem Murray, Adam Bulle, Gylbertum Brady, 
Thomam Cragingelt de eodem, Johannem Watsoune, Johannem Bulle, et Jacobum 
Graye. Qui jurati dicunt, quod quondam Willelmus Striueling de Cader, miles, pater 
Willelmi Striueling latoris presentium, obiit ultimo vestitus et saysitus vt de feodo, ad 
pacem et fidem supremi domini nostri regis, de totis et integris terris de Lettyi' cum 
pertinentiis, jacentibus in comitatu de Leuenax, infra vicecomitatum de Striueling : Et 
quod dictus Willelmus est legitimus et propinquior heres eiusdem quondam Willelmi 
patris sui de dictis terris cum pertinentiis : Et quod est legitime etatis : Et quod 
dicte terre cum pertinentiis valent nunc per annum viginti mercas, et tempore pacis 
valuerunt decern libras : Et quod tenentur in capite de supremo domino nostro Rege 
per servitium warde et reliuii ; reddendo inde annuathn, communem sectam ad 
curias domini nostri Regis comitatus de Leuenax, nomine warde et reliuii : Et quod 
sunt in manibus dicti domini nostri Regis legitime per seipsum, per mortem dicti 
quondam Willelmi, ob defectum veri heredis jus suum hucusque minime prosequentis, 
a tempore trium ebdomidarum vel eocirca. In cujus inquisitionis testimonium sigillum 
dicti Alexandri Cunyngahame vicecomitis de Striueling deputati, et sigilla quorundam 
qui dicte inquisitioni fiende intererant, brevi incluso, presentibus sunt apposita, anno, 
die, mense et loco supradictis. 



1487.] CHAKTERS, ETC. 259 

Instrument of Sasixe in favour of William Sterulyng of the lands of Cadder, 

31st May 1487. 

57. In Dei nomine Amen. Per hoc presens publicum instrumentmn cunctis pateat 
euidenter et sit notuin, quod anno Incarnacionis Dominiee millesimo quadringentesimo 
octuagesimo septinio, die vero mensis Maii vltinio, Indictione quinta, Pontificatus sanc- 
tissimi domini nostri, domini Innooentii diuina prouidentia pape octaui, anno tercio : 
In nostrum notariorum publicorum et testium subscriptorum presencia, personaliter 
constitutus nobilis vir, Willelmus Sterulyng, fdius et heres quondam nobilis viri, domini 
Willelmi Sterulyng de Cadder militis, personaliter comparens apud turryni de Cadder. 
et ibidem quoddam preceptum saisine, sigillo officii venerabilium viroruni, magistrorum 
Martini Wane Cancellarii, Gilberti Keryk Archidiaconi, et Patricii Leiche Canonicorum 
ecclesie Grlasguensis, ac Vicariorum Generaliuni reuerendi in Christo patris, Eoberti 
Dei et apostolice sedis gracia Episcopi Glasguensis in remotis agentis, munitum et 
roboratum, nobili viro Patricio Blacader, ballivo baronie de Glasgu directum, presen- 
tauit, eundem humiliter requirens quatenus, secundum tenorem dicti breuis, statiun feodi 
saisinani hereditariam, necnon realem actualem et corporalem possessionem omnium et 
singulanvm terrarum de Cadder cum pertineneiis, prout jacent in longitudine et latitu- 
dine, sibi Willelmo realiter et cum effectu traderet, ut moris est in similibus : Quiquidem 
Patricius, balliuus ut supra, prefatum preceptum, ea qua decuit reuereneia, recepit et 
nobis notariis publicis subscriptis perlegendmn tradidit, cuius tenor de verbo ad verbum 
sequitur, et est talis : Martinus Wane Cancellarius, Gilbertus Kerik Archidiaconus 
ecclesie Glasguensis, et Patricias Leiche Canonicus ac Officialis eiusdem, Yicarii Ge- 
nerales reuerendi in Christo patris ac domini, Roberti Dei et apostolice sedis gracia 
Episcopi Glasguensis in remotis agentis, prouido viro Patricio Blacader dicti reuerendi 
patris balliuo seu eius deputatis, Salutem in Domino. Quia per inquisicionem de nian- 
dato nostro factam. et ad capellam eiusdem reuerendi patris retornatam, compertum 
extitit, quod quondam Willeknus Sterulyng de Cadder miles, pater Willelnii Sterulyng 
latoris presencium, obiit vltinio vestitus et saisitus vt de feodo, ad pacem et fidem supremi 
domini nostri Piegis, de omnibus et singulis terris de Cadder cum pertineneiis, jacentibus 
in baronia de Glasgw, et infra territorium eiusdem. Et quod dictus Willelmus est 
legittimus et propinquior heres ipsius quondam Willehni militis defuncti patris sui, de 
dictis terris de Cadder cum pertineneiis. Et quod est legittime etatis. Et quod prefate 
terre nun pertineneiis tenentm- in capite de ecclesia cathedi-aH Glasguensi, et domino 
Episcopo Glasguensi pro tempore esistente, per nioduni warde et reliuii. Vobis igitur 
precipimus et mandamus quatenus, dicto Willelmo. Tel suo actornato latori presencium, 



260 KEIB PAPERK. [1487. 

saisinam dictarum terrarum cum pertinenciis iuste fieri et deliberari faciatis, sine 
dilatione. Saluo iure cuiuslibet. Capientes securitatera quod idem Willelmus fideliter 
persoluet onera per eum debita post mortem dicti sui patris, ab ipsius defectu ins suum 
non prosequentis, et hoc nullo modo omittatis. In cuius rei testimonium sigillum officii 
nostri presentibus est affixum, apud ciuitatem Glasguensem, die penultimo mensis Maii, 
anno Domini M". cccc° lxxxvii'"?, &c. Quoquidem breue sic vt premittitur presentato, 
recepto, perlecto et intellecto, prefatus Patricius, Balliuus vt supra, volens obtemperare 
mandatis prefatorum vicariorum generalium, tanquam iusto racioni consono, statuni feodi 
saisinam hereditariam, necnon realem actualem et corporalem possessionem omnium et 
singularum terrarum de Cadder, infra baroniam de Glasgw, prout jacent in longitudine 
et latitudine, prefato Willelnio et heredibus suis, per terre et lapidis tradicionem vt 
moris est in similibus, realiter et cum effectu tradidit, contulit et assignauit, ac eundem 
Willelniuni in dictis terris ut premittitur iniposuit et inuestiuit. Tenendas et habendas 
dictas terras de Cadder cum pertinenciis, sibi Willelmo et heredibus suis, adeo libere, 
bene et in pace, in omnibus et per omnia, sicut dictus quondam Willelmus eius pater 
miles, vel aliquis predecessorum suorum, tenuit seu possedit, tenuerunt seu possederunt 
easdem. Reddendo inde prefatus Willelmus et heredes sui, ecclesie Glasguensi et 
Episcopo eiusdem pro tempore existenti, amnios redditus ac cetera onera incumbentia 
solita et consueta. Demum vero prefatus Willelmus quandam literam retornatus, vi- 
delicet le Retour, in pergamino scriptam, sub sigillis venerabilium virorum in dicta 
inquisitione interessencium, videlicet, Thome Stewart de Mynto pro se, sigillo dicti 
Thome procurato per Johannem Maxuell filium et apparentem heredem Johannis 
Maxwell de Nethirpolloc, Andree Ottyrburn pro se, Georgei Hugonis procurato per 
Johannem Schaw, sigillo dicti Georgei procurato per Thomam Ottyrburn, Patricii 
Culquhone pro se, sigillo dicti Andree Ottyrburne procui'ato per Robertiun Hugonis, 
sub ceris rubeis albis impressis, de terris prescripts, factam et sigillatam, inscribi in in- 
strumento prefate saisine, nos notarios subscriptos humiliter requisiuit, et cum instancia, 
cuius tenor sequitur in hec verba. Hec inquisitio capta fuit apud Glasgw in pretorio 
eiusdem, coram probo viro, Patricio Blacader, balliuo reuerendi in Christo patris et 
domini Roberti [Dei] et apostolice sedis gracia Episcopi Glasguensis, in hac parte 
specialiter constituto, penultimo die mensis Maii, anno Domini millesimo quadringen- 
tesimo octuagesimo septimo, per istos probos viros subscriptos, videlicet, Johannem 
Maxuell, filium et apparentem heredem Johannis Maxwell de Nethirpollok, Thomam 
Steward de Mynto, Allanum Steward de Schelzardis, Patricium Culquhoyne de Gleynne, 
Willelmum Schaw, Henricum Burell, Johannem Schaw, Andream Ottyi-burn, bur- 
genses et ciues de Glasgw, Johannem Symiesoun, Robertum Huchonsoun, Johannem 



1487.] CHARTERS, ETC. 261 

Petcarne, Jacobuin Bynnyng, Thomam Ottyrburn, Ricardum Lowdeane et Patricium 
Bard : Qui jurati dicunt, quod quondam Willelmus Sterulyng de Cadder miles, pater 
Willelmi latoris presencium, et modo presentis et istam inquisicionem cum instancia 
petentis, obiit vltimo vestitus et saisitus vt de feodo, ad pacem et fidem supremi domini 
nostri Regis, de omnibus et singulis terris de Cadder cum pertinenciis, jacentibus in 
dicta baronia de Glasgw, et infra territorium eiusdem. Et quod dictus Willelmus est 
legittimus et propinquior teres ipsius quondam Willelmi militis defuncti patris sui, 
de dictis terris de Cadder cum pertinenciis. Et quod est legittime etatis. Et quod 
dicte terre nunc valent per annum octuaginta quinque mercis monete nunc currentis, 
et tantum valuerunt in tempore pacis. Et quod tenentur in capite de ecclesia cathe- 
drali Glasguensi, et prefato domino Episcopo eiusdem pro tempore existente, per 
modum warde et reliuii ; reddendo inde annuatim, prefate ecclesie et domino eiusdem 
suisque successoribus, ad duos anni terminos, quatuor libras monete currentis pro tem- 
pore, videlicet, festum Penthecosten et Sancti Martini in yeme, per equales porciones, 
et tria secta capitalium curiarum in anno, cum aliis seruiciis solitis et consuetis. 
Et quod nunc existunt in manibus domini Episcopi Glasguensis, tanquam in manibus 
domini superioris earundum, ob mortem dicti Willelmi, quondam militis nunc de- 
functi, per sjmtiuni trium ebdomadarum, et trium dierum, nunc perfectarum, et propter 
defectum dicti heredis jus suum non prosequentis. In cuius rei testimonium sigilla quo- 
rundam qui dicte inquisitioni intererant, vna cum sigillo dicti Patricii balliui supradicti 
alternatim sunt appensa, anno, die, mense et loco prescripts. Et sic finit huiusmodi 
retornatus litera. Super quibus omnibus et singulis, prefatus Willelmus a nobis notariis 
publicis sibi fieri petiit, vnum et plura, publicum et publica, instrmnentum et instrumenta, 
et petiit cum instancia debita procurauit sigillum dicti Patricii, pro maiori emcacia 
et firmitate presentibus appendi, vna cum subscriptionibus subscriptorum notariorum. 
Acta erant hec super solum hujusmodi terrarum de Cadder, sub anno, die, mense, indic- 
tione, et pontificatu prescriptis. Presentibus ibidem venerabilibus et circumspectis viris, 
magistris et dominis, Michaele Flemyng Canonico Glasguensi. Johanne Chawmer, Thoma 
Bell capellano, Johanne Sterulyng de Cragbarnate, Allano Steward de Schelzardis, 
Andrea Stiruelyng, Willehno Stiruelyng, filiis dicti quondam Willelmi militis, Willelmo 
Flemyng, Roberto Jhonsoun, Johanne Robysoun, Roberto Flemyng, Roberto Wchtyr, 
Thoma Bayne, Willelmo Bard, testibus ad premissa vocatis et cum instancia debita 
requisitis &c. 

Et ego Ricardus Gybsone, presbyter Glasguensis diocesis publicus imperialique 
regali auctoritatibus notarius. Quia etc. 

2 L 



262 keik papers. [1487-88. 

Instrument of Sasine by Colin Campbell of Achinquhoye to William Stirlyng of 
Cadder, of the lands of Kirkmicliell Stirlyng, 31st December 1487. 

58. In Dei nomine Amen. Per hoe presens publicum instrumental cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod anno ab Incarnacione Domini millesimo quadringenteshno octuagesimo 
septimo, Indictione sexta, die vero vltimo mensis Decembris, Pontificatus sanctissimi in 
Christo patris et domini, domini nostri Innocencii, prouidentia diuina pape octaui anno 
quarto: In mei notarii publici et testium subscriptorum presencia, honorabilis vir 
Colinus Campbell de Achinquhoye, dominus superior terrarum de Kirkmichell Stirlyng, 
jacentium in vicecomitatu de Dunbertane, et infra comitatum de Lenax, personaliter 
accessit ad dictas terras de Kyrkmicbell Stirlyng, et ibidem idem Colinus Campbell, 
dominus superior dictarum terrarum, statum et sasinam hereditariam, necnon posses- 
sionem realem actualem et corporalem omnium et singularum terrarum predictariun 
de Kyrkmichell cum pertinenciis et Blarnarne, honorabili viro Villehno Stirlyng de 
Caddar, filio et heredi domini Villelmi Stirlyng de Caddar militis, secundum suum 
antiquum fundamentum et formam carte sue desuper confeete, tanquam vero filio et 
heredi legittimo dicti domini Villelmi Stirlyng de Cadder militis, et heredibus suis, per 
terre et lapidis tradicionem, ut moris est in talibus fieri, suis propriis manibus dedit, 
contulit, exhibuit, et deliberauit, saluo jure cuiuslibet. Super quibus omnibus et singulis, 
idem Villelmus Stirlyng a me notario publico subscripto sibi fieri petiit vnum seu 
plura, publicum seu publica, instrumental seu instrumenta. Acta erant hec super solum 
dictarum terrarum de Kirkmichell, apud principale niansuegiimi earundem, anno, die, 
mense, indictione, et pontificatu suprascriptis. Presentibus testibus ibidem, Magistro 
Vmfrido Stirlyng, Eoberto Danzelstoun, Donaldo Gilaspysone, Donaldo Howat, Andrea 
Martyn, Johanne Glenay, Patricio M'ilniwn, Duncano M c ilmwn, Valtero Glenay et 
Alexandro Spang, cum multis aliis testibus ad premissa vocatis pariter et rogatis. 

Et ego Georgeus Galbrath presbyter Glasguensis diocesis publicus auctoritatibus 
imperiali et regali notarius &c. 

Et ego G. de G. 

Discharge by Colin Campbell of Auchinhowe to William of Strewiling of Cadar, 

15th January 1488. 

59. Be it kende till men be thir present letteris, me Colyne Campbell of Auchinhowe, till 
haue resauit be the handis of ane noble mane Vilzame off Strewiling off Cadar, the 
sowme off twenty pundis of gude and wsualle mone off Scotlande, for ane composicioun 



1493.] CHARTERS, ETC. 263 

made to me be the said Vilzame for the releffe off the landis of the Branzet, Ballinkeir, 
Kyrkmychell and Blarnarne, the quhilkis vas appoyntit concordit and endyt betuex 
vs be for honorable personis, that ar to say, Johne off Homiltovne off Bardowe, Johne 
off Strewiling sone and apperande air to Johne off Streviling off Cragbarnarde, Robert 
off Menteth and Robert Johnsone, with wtheris diuerss ; off the quhilk sowme off twenty 
pundis for the releffis of the landis forsaid, I halde me rycht veill content, assythit and 
fully pait, ande thair off the said Vilzame, his airis executouris and assignais, for me 
myne airis executouris and assignais, off the said sowme of twenty pundis quitclaims 
ande dischargis for now 'and euirmar be thir my present letteris : In vitness of the 
quhilk thingis, becaus I hade na seile of my ane in propir place present, I haff pro- 
curyt with instance the seill of ane honorable mane, Johne of Strewiling off Crag- 
barnarde, to be affixit to thir present letteris, at Cragbarnarde, the xv clay of Januar 
in the zere of God M". ccec° achty and acht zeris, be for thir vitnes, Johne of 
Strewiling, sone and apperande air to the said Johne of Streviling, Schir Valter Logane 
Chapillane and publist notar, Archbalde off Lenax, Adam off Corsby and Johne 
Morisone with diueris wthirris. 

Chaeter by Colin Campbell of Achowye to William Styrling and his spouse, of the 
Lands of Kyrkmechall and Blarnarne, 25th July 1493. 

60. Omnibus banc cartam visuris vel audituris, Colinus Campbel de Achowye, ac dominuts 
superior terrarum de Kyrkmechall et Blarnarn, Salutem in Domino sempiternam. 
Noueritis me dedisse, concessisse, et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse, dilectis meis 
Vilelmo Styrling, filio et heredi apparenti Vilelmi Styi'ling de Cadder, et Elisabeth 
Bochquhanne sponse sue, et eorum alteri diucius viuenti, Totas et integras terras 
meas de Kyrkmechall et Blarnarn cum pertinenciis, jacentes in comitatu de Leuenax, 
infra vicecomitatum de Dunbertane, que fuerunt hereditarie Vilelmi Styrling de Cadder, 
et quas terras cum pertinenciis idem Vilelmus ... in presencia plurium, per 
procuratorem suimi ... in manibus meis per fustem et baculum . . . re- 
signauit . . . Tenendas et habendas prefatas terras . . . dicto Vilelmo et 
Elisabeth sponse sue, et eorum alteri diucius viuenti, in coniuncta infeodacione, et 
heredibus inter eosdem procreatis seu procreandis, quibus forte deficientibus, heredibus 
legittimis predicti Vilelmi quibuscunque, de me et heredibus meis . . . secundum 
tenorem carte antique infeodacionis sue. Reddendo inde annuatim . . . rnichi et 
heredibus meis, seruicium prout predicta antiqua carta dictarum terrarum continct 
et proportat. In cuius rei testimonium sigillum meiim est appensum, apud Kyrk- 



264 KE1K PAPERS. [1488. 

mechall, vicesimo quinto die mensis Julii, anno Domini millesinio quadringentesiino 
nonogesimo tercio, coram hiis testibus, Valtero Danystoun, Jacobo G-albrath, Patricio 
Galbrath, Donaldo M'Corkatill, Patricio M c Gilmon, Donaldo Mechelson, et domino 
Valtero Nory capellano, cum diuersis aliis. 

Seal — Gyrony of eiglit pieces, the first and fifth charged with two Mullets 
in bend : Legend ' S. Collini Cambel.' 

Instrument of Resignation of the Barony of Kere, in the hands of James IV. in 
favour of William Striueling of Kere, 9th January 1488. 

61. In Dei Nomine, Amen : Per hoc presens jJublicurn mstriunentuin cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod anno Incarnationis Domini millesimo quadringentesimo octuagesimo 
octauo, die vero mensis Januarii nono, Indictione septima, Pontificatus sanctissimi in 
Christo patris ac domini nostri, domini Innocencii pape octaui, anno quinto : Coram 
excellentissinio serenissimoque principe ac domino nostro, domino Jacobo quarto Dei 
gracia Scotorum Rege illustrissimo, et regni sui anno primo, ac nostrorum notariorum 
publicorum ac testium subscriptormn, ad hoc vocatorum specialiter et rogatorum, 
presencia ; personaliter comparuit honorabilis vir, Villebnus Striueling de Kere, coram 
celsitudine" dicti domini Regis, cum omni subiectione famulatu et reuerentia, genibus 
flexis, vt decuit, sedens ; non vi aut metu ductus, nee errore lapsus, coactus aut com- 
pulsus, vt apparuit, sed sua mera, pura, spontanea voluntate, motu proprio et animo 
deliberato, vt asseruit ; omnes et singulas suas terras subscriptas, videlicet, terras de 
Kere, turrini et locum de Kere cum pertinenciis, terras de Kippanedavy, terras de 
Classingall, terras de Strowe, terras de Lupnoch, terras de Raterne Striueling, et terras 
de Dalchlewane cum pertinenciis, et quadraginta solidos annui redditus terrarum de 
Kippanerate cum pertinenciis, jacentes in comitatu de Stratherne, infra vicecomitatum 
de Perth, cum vniuersis et singulis suis proficuis et pertinenciis quibuscunque, in 
manibus prefati domini nostri Regis, tanquam terrarum earundem domini superioris, 
donauit, sursum dedit, pure simpliciterque, per fustem et baculum vt moris est in 
talibus, resignauit et libere deliberauit ; sic quod dictus dominus noster Rex, de omnibus 
et singulis prenominatis terris cum pertinenciis, ad sue proprie libitum voluntatis, 
licite disponere valeat : Quibusquidem donacione, resignatione et deliberacione sic 
factis, receptis et admissis, supremus dominus noster Rex prefatus, omnes et singulas 
prescriptas terras, turrim et locum de Kere, ac annuum redditum predictum, cum 
omnibus suis pertinenciis quibuscunque, Baronie de Kere creandas, vniendas, annex - 
andas et incorporandas, dicto Villelmo Striueling et suis hcredibus legittimis, pro suis 



1488.] CHARTERS, ETC. 265 

benemeritis et seruiciis sepius et gratanter dicto domino Regi impensis et inipendendis, 
here.ditarie et iruperpetuura, dedit, donauit, ac per fustem et baculuni vt moris est 
assignauit et libere deliberauit, cum omnibus suis juribus et pertinenciis quibuscunque 
superius annotatis, prout jacent in longitudine et latitudine, secundum vim, formam 
pariterque tenorem sue carte, sibi Villekno et suis heredibus, per prefatum dominum 
Regem desuper conficiende : Super quibus omnibus et singulis, prefatus Villelmus 
Striueling, a nobis notariis publicis subscriptis, sibi fieri petiit vnum vel plura, 
publicum vel publica, instrumentum vel instriunenta : Acta erant hec in camera regia 
apud castrum de Striueling, bora nouena ante meridiem vel eocirca, sub anno, die, 
mense, indictione et pontificatu quibus supra : Presentibus ibidem, nobili et potenti 
domino, Patricio Comite de Bothuile ac Domino de Halis, etc. Patricio Home de 
Fastcastell, Johanne Touris de Innerleiclit milite, Thoma Cralmont de Melgoun, 
Johanne Kyrkvod, Archibaldo Diksone et Thoma Pait, cum multis aliis, in prefata 
camera, in magno numero congregatis, testibus ad premissa vocatis specialiter et 
rogatis. 

Et ego Andreas Macbrek, presbyter Dunkeldensis diocesis, publicus auctoritatibus 
imperiali et regali notarius. Quia, etc. 
Andreas Makbrek. 

Et ego Vmfridus Clerk, presbyter Sanetiandree diocesis, auctoritate imperiali 
notarius publicus. Premissis, etc. 
Vmfridus Clerk. 



Charter of Erection of the Barony of Kere by King James IV. to William Striueling, 

Knight, 9th January 1488. 

62. Jacobus Dei gracia Piex Scotorum, Omnibus probis hominibus totius terre sue clericis 
et laicis, Salutem. Sciatis quod nobis nostroque Secreto Consilio sane constat, quod 
quondam pater noster, cuius anime propicietur Deus, per instigationem iniquumque 
consilium certorum prauorum cum eo existencium, in sua vltinia residencia apud villam 
nostram de Striueling, turrim et locum de Kere, dilecto familiari nostro Willebno 
Striueling de Kere militi pertinentes, vastare, distruere et incendere fecit. Et idem 
Willelmus Striueling miles, nobis et nostro consilio antedicto insinuauit, quod carte 
euidencie et infeodaciones quas habuit de terris de nobis tentis in capite, ac diuerse 
alie euidencie et scripte sibi pertinentes, in dictis loco et turri combuste fuerant atque 
distructe. Ac eciam demonstrauit vnum Retornatum sui introitus ad dictas terras, quo 
eedem de nobis tenentur in capite in albafirma. Quibus consideratis, ct dicto retornato 



266 KEIE PAPERS. [1488. 

per nos nostrosque consules antedictos lecto et intellecto, Nolentes quod dictus Wil- 
lelnius aliquod dampnum seu preiudicium sustineat, ratione carencie suarum cartarum 
infeodacionum et euidenciarum combustaruin et distruetarum vt prefertur ; sed pocius 
uolentes eundeui "Willelmuia Strmeling militem, pro suo fideli gratuitoque seruicio nobis 
impenso, de nouo de eisdem terris infeodare ; Quapropter dedimus et concessimus, ac 
tenore presentis carte nostre, danius et concednnus hereditarie, dicto Willelnio Striue- 
ling de Kere militi, oinnes et singulas terras subscriptas, videlicet, terras de Kere, turrim 
et lociun de Kere cum pertinenciis, terras de Kippandavy, terras de Classingall, terras 
de Strove, terras de Lupnoch, terras de Raterne Striueline, et terras de Dalchlewane, 
cum pertinenciis, et quadraginta solidos annui redditus terrarum de Kippanerate cum 
pertinenciis, jacentes in comitatu nostro de Straitberne, infra vicecomitatum nostrum de 
Perth. Quequidem terre, turris, locus, et annuus redditus cum suis pertinenciis, fuerunt 
dicti Willelmi hereditarie ; et quas idem Willebnus, non vi aut nietu ductus, nee errore 
lapsus, sed sua mera et spontanea voluntate, in manus nostras personaliter, apud Striue- 
ling, per fustim et baculum sui'sum reddidit, pureque simpliciter resignauit, ac totum jus 
et clamemn juris que in dictis terris, turri et loco ac annuo redditu preclictis cum per- 
tinenciis, babuit seu habere potuit, pro se et heredibus suis, omnino quittclamauit im- 
perpetutun. Et quas omnes et singulas terras antedictas, tui'rim et locum de Kere, 
ac annuum redditum predictum, cum pertinenciis, pro gratuito fidelique seruicio nobis 
impenso, per dictum Willelmum, et pro singulari fauore quern gerimus erga eundem 
Willelmum, creauimus, vniuimus, annexauimus et incorporauimus, ac tenore presentis 
carte nostre creamus, vnimus, annexamus et incorporamus, in vnam nierain et liberam 
baroniam, pro perpetuo futui'is temporibus Baroniam de Kere nuncupandam. Teuendas 
et habendas omnes et singulas prefatas terras de Kere, turrim et locum de Kere cum 
pertinenciis, terras de Kippanedavy, Classingall, Strowe, Lupnoch, Raterne Striueling, 
Dalchlewane, et dictum annum redditum de Kippanerate, cum suis pertinenciis, creatas, 
vnitas et incorporatas in vnam liberam baroniam. pro perpetuo Baroniam de Kere nun- 
cupandam vt prefertur, prefato Willelmo et heredibus suis, de nobis et successoribus 
nostris, in feodo et hereditate imperpetmim, per omnes rectas metas suas antiquas et 
diuisas, prout jacent in longitudine et latitudine, in boscis, planis, moris, marresiis, 
aquis, viis, semitis, stagnis, riuolis, pratis, pascuis et pasturis, siluis, nemoribus, vir- 
gultis, molendinis, niulturis, et eorum sequelis, aucupacionibus, venacionibus, pisca- 
cionibus, petariis, turbariis, carbonariis, lapicidiis, lapide et calce, fabrilibus, brasinis, 
brueriis et genestis, cum curiis et earum exitibus, herizeldis, bludewitis et marchetis 
muliertun, cum furca et fossa, sol, sak, tholl, theme, infangtheiif, outfangtheiff, pitt et 
galous, cum tenentibus, tenandriis et liberetenencium seruiciis, cum aduocacionibus 



1490.] CHARTERS, ETC. 267 

et donacionibus ecclesiarvmi et capellauiaruin, ac cum omnibus aliis et singulis liber- 
tatibus, commoditatibus, et asiamentis, ac justis pertinenciis suis quibuscunque, tarn 
non nominatis quam nominatis, tarn sub terra quam supra terrain, prope et procul, 
ad predictas terras turrim et domum ac annuum redditum predictum ciun pertinenciis 
spectantibus, seu juste spectare valentibus quomodolibet in futurum, libere, quiete, 
plenarie, integre, honorifice, bene et in pace, sine quacunque reuocacione aut con- 
tradiccione nostri vel successorum nostrorum futuris temporibus quouismodo inde 
facienda. Reddendo inde annuatim dictus Willelmus miles et sui heredes, nobis et suc- 
cessoribus nostris, vnum par calcariiuii deauratorum apud turrim et locum de Kere, 
in festo beat! Johannis Baptiste in estate, nomine albefirme, si petatur tantum. In 
cuius rei testimonium presenti carte nostre magnum sigillum nostrum apponi pre- 
cepimus, Testibus reuerendis in Christo patribus, Roberto Episcopo Glasguensi, 
Georgio Episcopo Dunkeldensi ; dilectis consanguineis nostris, Colino Comite de Ergile 
Domino Campbell et Lome, Cancellario nostro, Archibaldo Comite Angusie Domino 
Douglas, Gardiano nostro, Patricio Comite de Boithuile Domino Halis, Magistro liospicii 
nostri, Roberto Domino Lile, Justiciario nostro, Alexandra Hume de eodem, magno 
Camerario nostro, Andrea Domino Gray, Laurencio Domino Oliphaunt, Jolianne 
Domino Drummond ; venerabili in Christo patre, Jolianne Priore Monasterii nostri 
Sanctiandree, nostri secreti sigilli custode, Willelmo Knollis Preceptore de Torfichin 
milite, Thesaurario nostro, et dilectis clericis nostris, Magistris Alexandro Inglis 
Archidiacono Sanctiandree, compotorum nostrorum rotulatore, ac nostri registri et 
consilii clerico, et Archibaldo Quliitelaw Subdecano Glasguensi, Secretario nostro, 
Apud Striueling, nono die mensis Januarii, anno domini millesimo quadringentesimo 
octuagesimo octauo, et regni nostri primo. 

Lnstrument of Sasine in favour of John Boquhannan of the lands of Pytquhonerte, 

10th November 1490. 

63. In Dei Nomine, Amen : Per hoc presens publicum instrumentum cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod anno ab Incarnatione Domini millesimo quadringentesimo nonogesimo, 
die vero mensis Nouembris decimo, Indictione octaua, Pontificatus sanctissimi in 
Christo patris et domini nostri, domini Innocentii diuina prouidentia pajje octaui, anno 
septimo : In ineique notarii publici et testium subscriptorum presentia, personaliter 
constitutus prouidus vir, Johannes Ruthven de Cragingal, balliuus et deputatus nobilis 
domini, Vilelmi Domini Ruthven vicecomitis de Perth, cum vno breui sasine capelle 
domini nostri Regis, prefato vicecomiti et deputatis suis directo, sub cera alba sigillato ; 



2G8 KEIR PAPERS. [1495. 

accessit ad terras de Pytquhonerte, jacentes infra dictum vicecomitatum, et inibi 
tradidit statum et sasinain hereditariam Johanni Boquhannan, filio quondam Valteri 
Boquhannan, omnium et singularum terrarum de Pytquhonerte cum suis pertinentiis, 
per donationem terre et lapidis, ut est modus in talibus, secundum vim formam et 
tenorem prefati breuis ibidem mecum visi et lecti, et aliarum eiudentiarum prefati 
Johannis Boquliannane : Super quibus omnibus et singulis premissis, dictus Johannes 
Boquhannan a me notario publico sibi fieri petiit vnuni instrumentum siue plura 
instrmnenta : Acta erant hec in dictis terris de Pytquhonerte, bora duodecima in 
meridie vel eocirca, sub anno, die, mense, indictione et pontificatu quibus supra : Pre- 
sentibus ibidem testibus, Johanne Forster, Roberto Forster, Villelmo Forster, Jacobo 
Rynd, Johanne Prop, et Johanne Lany, cum diuersis aliis ad premissa vocatis specia- 
liter et rogatis. 

Et ego Johannes Adamson presbiter Dunblanensis diocesis, publicus imperiali et 
regali auctoritatibus notarius. Premissis, etc. 
Johannes Adamson. 

Charter by King James IV. to John Striueling, of the Barony of Kere, 

18th May 1495. 

64. Jacobus Dei gracia Bex Scotorum, Omnibus probis hominibus totius terre sue [clericis 
et] laicis Salutem. Sciatis nos dedisse, concessisse, et hac presenti carta nostra confir- 
masse, dilecto et fideli nostro, Johanni Striueling, filio et heredi apparenti Willelmi 
Striueling de Kere niiKtis, omnes et singulas terras et baroniam de Kere, cum suis 
annexis, dependenciis, tenentibus, tenandriis, et libere tenencium seruiciis earundem, 
cum pertinenciis, jacentes infra vicecomitatuni nostrum de Perth. Quequidem terre et 
baronia . . . fuerunt dicti Willelmi Striueling de Kere militis hereditarie, et quas 
idem Willelnius ... in manus nostras, apud castrum de Meware in Ardmur- 
quhane, personaliter per fustem et baculum . . . resignauit . . . Tenendas 
et habendas . . . prefato Johanni Striueling et heredibus suis, de nobis heredibus 
et successoribus nostris . . . Faciendo inde annuatim . . . iura et seruicia 
. . . debita et consueta : Beseruato tamen liberotenemento . . . predictarum 
terrarum et baronie . . . dicto Willielmo Striueling de Kere militi, pro toto tem- 
pore vite sue, et racionabili tercia parte earundem Mergrete Creichtoun cius sponse, 
pro toto tempore vite sue, cum contigerit. In cuius rei testimonium presenti carte 
nostre magnum sigilluni nostrum apponi precepimus. Testibus dilectis consanguineis 
nostris, Archibaldo Coniite Angusie Domino Douglas, Cancellario nostro, Archibaldo 



1497.] CHARTERS, ETC. 269 

Coniite de Ergile Domino Campbell et Lome, Magistro hospieii nostri, Patricio 
Comite de Boithuil Domino Halis, Alexandra Domino Hume, magno Camerario 
nostro, Johanne Domino Drummond, Justiciario nostro ; venerabilibus in Christo 
patribus, G-eorgio Abbate de Dunfermling, G-eorgio Abbate de Pasleto, Thesaurario 
nostro, et dilectis elericis nostris, Magistris Ricardo Murehede, Decano Glasguensi, 
Secretario nostro, et Johanne Fresale, Decano de Lestalrig nostrorum et registri ac 
consilii clerico ; apud Castrum de Meware in Ardmurquhane, decimo octauo die mensis 
Maii, anno Domini millesimo quadringentesirao nonagesimo quinto, et regni nostri 
septimo. 

Instrument of Submission by Alexander Kynross and John Kinross to Sir William 
Stryueling of Kere, Knight, 15th December 1497. 

65. Ln Dei Nomine, Amen : Per hoc presens publicum Instrnmentum cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod anno Incarnationis Dominice millesimo quadringentesimo nonagesimo 
septimo, die vero mensis Decembris decimo quinto, Indictione prima, Pontificatus 
sanctissimi in Christo patris ct domini nostri, domini Alexandri diuina prouidentia 
pape sexti, anno sexto : In mei notarii publici et testium subscriptorum presentia, 
personaliter constituti prouidi viri, Alexander Kynross et Johannes Kinross, eius alius 
et apparens heres, non vi aut metu ducti, nee errore lapsi, sed eorum spontaneis volun- 
tatibus, fidemedia se obligarunt irreuocabiliter, sacrosanctis Dei euuangeliis per ipsos 
tactis, ad standum, remanendum ordinationi, precepto, mandato et consilio honorabilis 
viri, Domini Willehni Stryueling de Kere militis suorumque heredum, super guberna- 
tione et regimine suarum personarum, et penes eorum ingressum in dominium de 
Kyppanross cum pertinentiis, ac occupationem, dispositionem et assedationem eiusdem, 
qualitercunque dictus Dominus Willchnus, aut sui heredes, duxerit seu duxerint in 
premissis faciendum : Exceptis alienatione et venditione dicti dominii cum pertinentiis, 
ac exhereditatione dictorum Alexandri ct Johannis corumque heredum : Quiquidem 
Alexander et Johannes corporale juramentum prestiterunt, et se vt supra fidemedia 
obligarunt, quod ipsi et eorum heredes, a data presentium, erunt dicto militi et suis 
heredibus, fideles homines imperpetuum, et homagium inde dederunt et fecerunt dicto 
Domino Willehno Striueling, et suis heredibus, ut moris est in talibus fiendis : Et si 
dictis Alexandro et Johanni contingat deficere in obseruatione premissormn, siue in 
aliqua parte eorundem, fidemedia se et suos heredes ut prefertur obligarunt, ad dandas, 
persoluendas et satisfaciendas quincentas libras, usualis monete regni Scotie pro tem- 
pore currentis, irremisibiliter prefato Domino Willehno Striueling aut suis heredibus, 



270 KEIR PAPERS. [1498. 

pro eorum expensis et dampnis factis et sustentis, premissis omnibus, in toto uel in 
parte, per dictos Alexandrum et Johannem ac eorum heredes minime seruatis siue 
perimpletis, vt premittitur, imperpetuum : Super quibus omnibus et singulis Willelmus 
Striueling, frater dicti Domini Willelmi et nomine suo, a me notario publico subseripto, 
sibi fieri petiit publicum instrumentum seu publica instrumenta, vnum uel plura : Acta, 
erant bee infra ciuitatem Dunblanensem, in camera domini Jacobi Belses Subdecani 
Dunblanensis, bora decima ante meridiem uel eocirca, sub anno, die, mense, indictione 
et pontificatu quibus supra : Presentibus ibidem, dicto domino Jacobo Belses et Jacobo 
Pollok, testibus ad premissa vocatis pariter et rogatis. 

Et ego Johannes Smcrt presbyter Sanctiandree diocesis, publicus sacris apostolica 
et regali auctoritatibus notarius. Quia, etc. 
Johannes Smekt. 



Letter of Reversion by John of Buchquhanan of Glassingall to Robert of Buchquhan- 
an of Lane, of the lands of Lane called the Fermouris Landis, 16th June 1498. 

66. Be it kende till all men be thir present letteris, me Johnne of Buchquhanan of Glassin- 
gall, sone to vmquhil Walter of Buchquhanan of Petquhouerte, to be bundin and oblist 
and be the tenour of thir present letteris byndis and oblisis me, nryn aieris, executouris 
and assignais, in the straitast forme and stile of obligatioun, the holy euuangellis 
tuechit, to ane honorabile man, Robert of Buchquhanan of Lane his aieris and assignais ; 
That forsainekile as the saide Robert has analyt and wedset to me be charter and pos- 
session, four merkis worth of his landis of Lane, callit the Fermouris landis with the 
pertinence, togidder with his myl of Lane, and with the multuris of the samyn, liande 
within the stewartry of Menteth, and the schirefdome of Perth ; that quhat tym ancle 
how sone it sail happin the saide Robert of Buchquhanan of Lane his aieris or assig- 
nais, to pay and content to me, my aieris or assignais, the soume of twa hundreth 
merkis of gude and vsuale mone of the kinrik of Scotland hafande the curs for the 
tym, in ane haile sowm and togidder in mone nowmerit apone a day betuyx the sone 
rysyng, and the ganginge to of that ilk, within the parich kirk of Lane apone the hie 
alter of the samyn, I, my aieris or assignais, beande lauchfullie warnyt thairto be the 
said Robert of Buchquhannan of Lane, his aieris or assignais to the resait of the saide 
soume apone xv dais wamynge, at the saide pariche kirk of Lane, apone a solempnit 
dai in the hie mess tym befoir the parichane than beinge present, That than and in 
continent the saide soume beinge pait as saide is, and lauchfullie wamynge maide, I 
the said Johnne of Buchquhanan my aieris and assignais sail purly ande sympilly 



1498.] CHARTERS, ETC. 271 

resinge and gif our fra ws, the said four merkis worth of the landis of Lane, callit the 
Feruiouris landis with the pertinence, to giddyr with the myl of Lane, and the inultur of 
the sanmiyu, with charter, staite seysyng and possessioun, maid and gevin to ws thare- 
vpone, and to reniayn with the saide Robert of Buchquhanan his aieris and assignais in 
fee and heritage euirlestynge, and we to haue no regress thareto in tym to cum, be thir 
oui'e present letteris, bot tharefra, al vterly to be removit and excludit be the faith in 
our bodies, and vnder the sikkerest stile and forme of obligatioun, all fraude, gile, cauil- 
latioun, exceptioun, and euil ingyne. removit and excluydit. In witnes of the quhilk 
thing I haf hungin to my seile to thir present letteris of Reuersioun, at the pariche 
kirk of Lane forsaide, the xvi day of the moneth of Junii, the zeir of Gode, a thousand 
four hundreth, nynty ande aucht zeiris, befoir thir witnes, wirschipfule and discreit 
men, Dene Gilbert Buchquhanan Chanone of Inchemoquhomo, Schir Johnne Smert, 
notar publice, Schir Thomas M'Gilfadrik, Johnne of Buchquhanan, bruder germane to 
the said Robert, Malcuni Lane, Johnne Reoch, and Walter Drummond, with vtheris 
diuers. 



Instrument of Resignation in favour of Robert Buchquhannan of Lany, of the 
lands of Pytquhonerty, 17th June 1498. 

t>7. In Dei Nomine Amen. Per hoc presens publicum Instrunientum cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod anno Incarnationis Dominice millesimo quadringentesinio nonagesimo 
octauo, die vero mensis Junii decimo septimo, Indictione prima, pontificatus sanctisshni 
in Christo patris ac domini nostri, domini Alexandri, diuina prouidentia pape sexti, 
anno sexto: In mei notarii publici et testium subscriptorum, ad hoc vocatorum 
speciaUter et rogatorum, presentia, personaliter comparuit honorabilis vir, Andreas 
Vod de Blayrtoune, procurator honorabilis etiam viri Johannis Buchquhanan de 
Pytquhonerty, coram excellentissimo serenissimoque principe, ac domino nostro 
domino Jacobo quarto, Dei gratia Scotorum Rege illustrissimo, et regni sui anno 
vndecinio ; et ibidem, post lecturam litere procuratorialis ipsius Johannis in papiro 
scripte, eius vero sigillo ut aparuit cera rubea more solito sigillate, cuiusquidem litere 
procuratorialis virtute et vigore, dictus Andreas Wod, procurator ut supra et eo nomine 
dicti Johannis Buchquhanan, coram celsitudine prefati domini Regis, suis genibus flexis, 
ut decuit, sedens, omnes et singulas suas terras de Pytquhonerty, cum pertinentiis, 
jacentes infra vicecomitatmn de Perth sursuni reddidit, ac per fustem et baculum in 
manibus dicti supremi domini nostri Regis, tanquam in manibus domini superioris 
earundem, pure simpliciterque resignauit. Qua resignatione sic rite et legittime facta, 



272 KEIE PAPERS. [1501. 

et per dictum suprenium dominuni nostrum Regem recepta et adniissa, idem dominus 
noster Rex, statum regalem et possessionem corporalem, omnium et singularum dictarvmi 
terrarum cum vniuersis suis pertinentiis et proficuis quibuscunque, prouido viro Roberto 
Buchquhanan de Lany, tunc presenti, et heredibus suis, per huiusmodi fustis et baculi 
traditionem ut moris est in talibus fieri consuetam, secundum tenorem carte per pre- 
dictum dominuni nostrum Regem prefato Roberto Buchquhanan desuper conficiende, 
dedit, tradidit, pariter et deliberauit, adeo libere et quiete, in omnibus et per omnia, 
sicut dictus Johannes Buchquhanan ant jjredecessores sui predictas terras cum per- 
tinentiis, de dicto supremo domino nostro Rege aut predecessoribus suis, ante presentem 
resignationem liberius tenuit seu possedit, tenuerunt seu possiderunt : De et super quibus 
omnibus et singulis, prefatus Robertus Buchquhannan, a me notario publico subscripto, 
sibi fieri petiit vnum vel plm'a, publicum vel publica, instrumentum aut instrumenta. 
Acta erant hec in Collegio Beate Marie Virginis, prope villain de Dunbertan, hora 
tertia post meridiem vel eocirca, sub anno, die, mense, indictione et pontificatu quibus 
supra. Presentibus ibidem nobilibus et potentibus dominis, Archibaldo et Matheo, 
Ergedie et Levenax comitibus, ac etiam honorabilibus et prouidis viris, Duncano 
Forestar de Skipnith, Duncano Campbell de Glenwrquhart, Patricio Hwme de Polwart 
et Johanne Ramsay, militibus, cum diuersis aliis testibus, ad premissa vocatis specia T 
liter et rogatis. 

Et ego Andreas Macbrek, presbyter Dunkeldensis diocesis, publicus auctorita- 
tibus Imperiabi et regali notarius, &c. 

Contract between Sir Patrick Hwme of Polwart, Knight, and Sir William of 
Striucling of the Keire, Knight, relative to the Marriage of John of Striueling, 
son and apparent heir of Sir William, and Margaret Home, daughter of Sir Pa- 
trick, 30th March 1501. 

(is. Thib Indentouris maid at Edinburch, the penult day of Marche, the zeir of God 
ane thowsand fiv hundrecht and ane zeire, proportis, contenis and beris vitnes, that it 
is appontit and concordit betuix rycht nobile menne, Schir Patrik Hwme of Polworcht 
knycht, one the taapart, and Schir Williame Striueling of the Keire knycht, one the 
tothir part, in nianere forme and effect as eftire falovis, that is to say, that Jhonne of 
Striueling, sonne and apperand air to the said Schir Williame, sal mary, God willand, 
and have to his spousit wife, Margret Home, dochtir to the said Schir Patrik, and 
failzeing of the said Margret, the said Jhonne to complet marige with Sibbale Home 
hir sistire, and safurcht als lang as the said Schir Patrik has ane dochtir gottine of 



1501.] CHARTERS, ETC. 273 

lauchfull bed, ay and quhille the said manage be completit ; the quhilk mariage salbe 
completit, God villiug, at the lauchfule age of the said barnis, the niaill beyng of 
fourtene zeris, aod the femell twelf zeris. And the said Schire Williame salgive in 
coniunctfeftnient to the said Jhonne his sone, and Margret Hvnie, ore ony vtheris 
of the saidis Schir Patrikis dochteris that completis the said mariage, twenty pondis 
worcht of his landis of Strathallone wicht thair pertinence, liand in the shirefdome of 
Pereht, of the quhilkis thair is ane gret part in wedset to diuers personis, gif the saidis 
landis cane be redemit and lousit be the awis and consale of the said Schire Patrik ; 
and gif the saidis landis cane nocht be redemit to the awaill of the saidis twenty 
poundis worcht of land, that samekle as beis redemit and lousit salbe gevine to thame 
in coniunctfeftment, and the remanent of the xx poundis worcht of land salbe gevine 
in Lumbany or Balquhoniry, quhar it best plesis the said Schir Patrik, and quhene the 
said twenty pundis worcht of land of Strathallone happinnis to be redemit and gevine 
in coniunctfeftment as said is, thane the saidis Jhonne and Margret, quhilkis completis 
the said mariage, sail gif oure the saidis landis of Lumbany or Balquhoniry, quhilk 
sal happine to be gevine to thame as said is ; For the quhilkis mariage to be completit 
and gevine of the said coniunctfeftment, the said Schir Patrik Home has tane vpone 
hime to content and pay to Schir Williame of Murray of Tulibardine knycht, and 
Jhonne of Kynross of Kippane Ross, the aire of wmquhile Jonet of Kinros of Kip- 
pane Ross, the some of four hundrecht and fyfty merkis, haile and togiddir in ane 
sovme, for the renuntiatioune and discharging and ouergevine to the said Schir 
Williame of Striueling of the Keire and his ayris of ane reuersioun maid be wmquhille 
Schir Williame off Striueling of Reterne knycht, fadir to the said Schir Williame, to 
the said wmquliile Jonet of Kinros hir airis and assignais, apone the lousing redemyng 
and outquitting of the landis of Lubnoch with thair pertinence, liand in the lordschip 
of Strathgarthnay and the schirrefdome of Perth, the quhilk reuersioune contenit in 
it the sovme of sex schoyr thretten pundis xiii schillingis iiii pennys : the quhilk sovme 
of foure hundreth and fyfty merkis the said Schir Patrik suld pay to the said Schir 
Williame of Murray, as assignay to the said Jhonne of Kinros to the said reuersioune, 
and to the forsaid Jhonne of Kynros as ayr to the said vmquhile Jonet. 1 And for 
the securite of the said mariage to be completit as said is, the said Schir Williame of 
Striueling sail infeft heretably be charter and sesing the said Schir Patrik Hvme in to 
all and haill the landis of Balquhomry, extending now be zeire to xxiiii merkis worcht 

1 There was accordingly granted, of the same date as this contract, a renunciation by Sir William 
Murray of the above reversion ; among the witnesses to which are ' David Murray, sonne to me the said 
' Schir Williame, Johnne of Murray of Kelach,' Ac. ■ 



274 KEIR PArBRS. [1501. 

[with] the pertinence, liand withine the barony of Leslie and the Shirefdonie of Fife, 
to be haldine of hime and his airis blanch ferine for twa pennys, and reseruand half 
an akir to do the oure lord seruice. And becaus Agnes Bruce has tene pundis worcht 
of the saniin landis off Balquhomry in lifrent for hir liftime, tharfor the said Schir 
Williame Striueling sal infeft the said Schir Patrik Hvme heretably in warandice of 
thai ten pundis worcht of land beand in the handis of the said Agnes, in all and haile 
his landis of Lunibany with thair pertinence, liand withine the barony of Banbrech and 
the shirefdonie of Fif, extending nove to ten merkis in the zeirc, and in ale and hail his 
landis of Glenty with thair pertinence liand withine the shirefdonie of Percht, extending 
now zerlie to fif merkis, and in likwis in his fourty schilling worcht of annuell Hand in 
Kippane Kait with thair pertinence, to be haldine of the said Schir Williame and his 
ayris blanch ferine as said is. And the said Schir Patrik sal gev his letter of reuer- 
sioune to the said Schir Williame of Striueling in competent dewe forme as efferis ; 
that quhattynie the said mariage be complet as said is, that the said Schir Patrik 
sal incontinent thairefter resigne renunce and ouirgef to the said Schir Williame of 
Striueling his airis and assignais, all and hail the saidis landis of Balquhomry, togidder 
with the laf of the landis and annuel rent gevine in varandice thairof as said is. And 
gif the said mariage failzeis be deid of the said Jhonne of Striueling, Margret Hvme, 
and all vtheris the saidis Schir Patrikis dochteris gottine of lauchful bed, ore gif it 
happinnis our souerane lord the king to obtene the saidis Jhonis mariage be the ded 
of the said Schir Williame Striuelyng his fader, thane that quhat tym or how sone it 
sail happine the said Schir Williame of Striueling his airis or assignais, to content and 
pay vpone a day, betuix the sone rising and the gangin to of that ilk, to the said Schir 
Patrick Hvme his airis or assignais, the sovme of four hundrecht merkis, gold and 
siluer, of the said sovme of four hundrecht and fifty merkis, that than efter the pay- 
ment of the said sovme the said Schir Patrik his ayris and assignais sail resigne 
renunce and gefoure to the said Schir Williame of Striueling of the Keire his airis 
and assignais, all and hall the saidis landis of Balquhomry, togidder with the saidis 
vtheris landis and annuel gevine in varandice as said is. And gif it happinnis the 
said mariage to fake be dissent or wilfulnes of the said Jhonne or Williame his fader, 
thane the forsaidis landis of Balquhomry with the pertinence, togidder with the otheris 
landis and annual forsaid gevine in warandice as said is thairof, to remane with the 
said Schir Patrik his ayris and assignais, ay and quhille he or thai be content and 
pait be the said Schir Williame his ayris or assignais, of the sovme of sevine hundrecht 
merkis, for the saidis sovmeis quhilkis he has tanc vpone hime to pay and lay done for 
the said Schir Williame of Striueling, and for costis skaichtis and expensis sustenit and 



1502.] CHARTERS, ETC. 275 

to be sustenit be the said Schir Patrik her throwe, and this to be conrprehendit in the 
said reuevsioune. Item it is appontit albeid the said Schir Williame gif and infeft 
now be charter and saisyne the said Schir Patrik in the landis abone vritine, he nor 
his airis sal nocht rais nor tak profit thairof quhil the completing of the said mariage, 
or failzeing of the completing of the samyn as is abone vritine, quhilk mariage salbe 
compleit at the lauchfule age of the said barnis as said is, athir of the saidis partiis or 
thair airis beand warnit be vtheris thairto, apone xx dayis warning of before. And as 
for the payment of the fyfty markis quhilkis the said Schir Patrik outredis mair than 
the four hundrecht merkis abone vritine, the said Schir Villiame sal gif his obligacioune 
to pay the sammyn at Lammes nixt to cum but cauillacioune or langar delay. And 
athir of the partiis sal gif vtheris charteris, sesingis, infeftmentis, reuersionis, obligacionis, 
and all vtheris letteris neidful hervpone in the maist sikkirvise that can be diuisit but 
inconuenient, athir of the saidis partiis warnand vtheris thairto vpone sex dais varning 
of befor. And at all thir condicionis and appontmentis abone vritine sail lelele and 
trevlie be obseruit and kepit and fulfillit, in manyre forme and effect as is abone 
writine, athir of the saidis partiis ar oblist and sworne fatlrfullie ilkane to vtheris, 
be the fathis and trevthis in thair bodeis. In vitnes herof the saidis partiis hes inter- 
changeabile selit thir Iudentouris with thair avne propir sealis, befor thir vitnes, Aclame 
of Crechtone of Eethvindavy knycht, Master Cuthbert Baize, Persoun of Sanquhare, 
and James Zonge notar, with otheris diuers, at day, zere and place forsaid. 

Hec est vera copia originalis Indenture, extracta et transsumpta de verbo in 

verbum, nil mutato quod substantias facti mutaret, per me W-. D. notarium 

publicum. 

R. COLDILE. 

Contract between John of Styrling of Cragbernard, George Styrling his son and 
heir, and Elizabeth Park, spouse of George, and Alexander Craufurd of 
Kylwynnat, relative to the excambion of the lands of Spango and Kylwynnat, 
1st May 1502. 

G9. This Indentur maid at Glasgw, the first day of the nioneth of May, the zer of God, 
ane thousand fyw hundreth and twa zheris, contenis, proportis, and beris witnes, that 
it is fullely agreyt apontit and concordit betuix rycht honorabil personis, that ar to 
say, Johne of Styrling of Cragbernard, Comptrollour to our souerane lord, George 
Styrling, his sone and aperand ayr, and Elisabeth Park, spous to the said George, 
apon the ta part, and Alexander Craufurd of Kylwynnat, apon the tothir part, in 
forme, manere, and effect as efter folowis, that is to say ; that the said Johne, George 



27G KEIR PAPERS. [1502. 

and Elisabeth sal niak and caus the hale half landis of Spango, with thai' pertinens, 
Hand in the barony and schirefdom of Renfrew, be resignit in the superior handis of 
the samyn, and to be gevin agane heretably in excambiun to the said Alexander 
Craufurd, to reman with him and his ayris in heretage : And the said Alexander 
Craufurd sal resing al and hale his landis of Kylwynnat, with thar pertinens, Hand in 
the erldom of the Lennax and the schirefdom of Styrlyng, in the Erl of the Lennax 
handis, superior tharof, and to be gevin agane heretabily to the said George and 
Elisabeth, and the langar levar of thaim in coniunctfethment, and thar ayris, in ex- 
cambiun for the half landis of Spango, with thar pertinens : And that the costis of 
batht thir infefthmentis sal be maid be the said Johne of Styrling, the said Alexander 
aplyand him herto betuix the day of the making of thir present Indenturis, and the 
saxten day of May nixt efter folowand : And becaus the saidis lands of Kylwynnat ar 
wnderstand bettyr than the half landis of Spango, the said Johne of Styrling sal 
refund and pay to the said Alexander ane hundreth merkis of gud and vsuale money 
of Scotland, within fourty dais nixt efter folowand the said infefthment, and stat and 
sesing procecland thar vpon : And to the obseruacione and keping fathfully herof 
the saidis parteis bindis and oblisis thaim, thar ayris and assignais, til vtheris, be the 
fathis and treuthis in thar bodiis, and ilkane of tharis : And for the mar securite of 
the premissis, to the part of this Indentur remanand with the said Alexander, the said 
Johne has subscrivit and selit this present writ, for himself, the said George and 
Elisabeth ; and to the tothir part of the samyn Indentur, to reman with the said Johne, 
George, and EHsabetht, the said Alexander has hungyn his sele ; day, zher and place 
as said is, befor thir witnes, Schir Petyr Hustoun of that Ilk knycht, Johne Blungumre 
of the Syd, Andrew Cunygam of Drumijuhassill, and Schir Walter Nore, chapellane 
and notar publict, with diuers vtheris ; and in lik wis the said Alexander Craufurd 
has subscribit the samyn, befor the samyn witnes. 



^?»V*^ 





Procuratory by George Striueling younger of Cragbernarde, and Elizabeth Park 
his spouse, for resigning their lands of Kilwynnet in the hands of Matthew, Earl 
of Lewinax, 16th March 1502. 

70. Nobili et prepotenti domino, Matheo Comiti de Lewinax, Domino Dernele etc., sui 
humiles subditi et seruitores, Georgius Striueling, filius et heres apparens Johannis 



1502.] CHARTERS, ETC. 277 

Striueling de Cragbernarde, et Elizabeth Park, eius sponsa, seipsos cum onmi famu- 
latu, reuerencia, et bonore, ad resignandas et sursum reddendas, pure'que simpliciter 
deliberandas, in nianus vestras, onmes et singulas terras nostras de Kilwynnet, cum mo- 
lendino earundem, et suis pertinentiis, jacentes in comitatu de Levinax, infra vicecomita- 
tum de Striueling, qnas de vobis tenemus in capite, tanquam in manibus domini nostri 
superioris earundem, bonorabiles viros, Willelnium Scot de Balwery militem, Alexand- 
rum Lawdir, prepositum de Edinburgh, Archibaldiuii Kincaid, et Patricium Baroun, 
ac eormn quemlibet, coniunctim et diuisim, nostros veros legittimos et indubitatos 
procuratores, actores, factores, et negotiorum nostrorum gestores, ac nuncios speciales 
et irreuocabiles, vnanimi consensu et assensu, et ex nostris meris liberis et spontaneis 
voluntatibus, fecimus, constituimus, et ordinauimus, ac per presentes facimus, constitu- 
nius et ordinamus : Quasquidem terras de Kilwynnat, cum molendino earundem, et 
suis pertinentiis, nos dicti Georgius, et Elizabetht, non vi aut metu ducti, nee errore 
lapsi, seu dolo circumuenti, sed nostra vtilitate preuisa, et desuper matura delibera- 
tione prehabita, consensu et assensu vnamini vt premittitur, per fustem et baculum, et 
has literaa nostras procuratorii et resignationis, in vestras nianus, tanquam dicti domini 
nostri superioris earundem, sursuni reddimus, ac piu'e et simpliciter pro perpetuo resig- 
namus, ac omne jus et clameum que in eisdem habemus seu habere poterimus, pro 
nobis et heredibus nostris, omnino quitteclamamus imperpetuum per presentes ; sic 
quod de eisdem ad vestre voluntatis arbitrium liceat disponere ; necnon omnia alia 
et singula facienda, gerenda, et exercenda, que ad officium huiusmodi procuratoris de 
jure seu regni consuetudine pertinere dinoscuntur : Ratum et gratum irreuocabiliter 
habentes et habituri totum et quicquid dicti nostri procuratores irreuocabiles, seu 
eoruin aliquis, in premissis seu aliquo premissovum rite duxerit seu duxerint faciendum: 
In cuius rei testimonium sigilla nostra propria presentibus sunt appensa, apud Edin- 
burgh, decimosexto die mensis Martii, anno Domini millesimo quingentesimo secundo, 
coram hiis testibus, Henrico Alane, Canonico Abirdonensi, Dominis Waltero Logane, 
Johanne Inglis, capellanis, Johanne Glen, burgense de Edinburgh, Magistro Johanne 
Murray notario publico, Adam Hoppar, Thoma Schaw, coco principali supremi domini 
nostri Regis, et Johanne "Wellis, cum diuersis aliis. 

Bond by John Striueling of Cragbernarde to Elizabeth Park, spouse of George 
Striueling, his son and apparent heir, 18th March 1502. 

71 . Be it kent till all men be thyr present letteris, me Johne Striueling off Cragbernarde, 
to be bundine and oblist, and be thyr present letteris, and the faith and treuth in my 

2n 



278 KEIR PAPERS. [1502. 

body, lelily and treuly bindis and oblisis me, ande my airs maill, till ane honorable 
vomane, Elizabeth Park, sports to George Strmeling my sone and apperand ayr to me ; 
that for samekyll ais the sade Elizabeth of hyr fre vill ande motiffe, has resignit our 
all and haill the landis of Killvynnet, with the pertinens, liande in the erldome of 
the Lewenax, and in the schireffdome of Strineling, in the handis of ane noble and 
mychty lorde, Matho Erlle of Leuenax and Lorde Dernle, ais in the handis of the 
ourelorde of the sade landis of Kilwynet, with the pertinens ; the quhilk landis the 
sade Elizabeth hade in coniunctfeftment ; and that for the vtilite of me and my airis 
maill, and the airis maill gottin or till be gottine betuex the sade George and the 
sade Elizabeth, ais is mare fullily contenit in the charter of my newinfeftment of 
blanceferme made to me and my airis maill thar apone, be the sade lorde Matho Erlle 
of Lewenax : Tharefor, giff it sail happyne that the sade Elizabeth beris na ayris maill 
to the sade Greorge hir spous, bot a dochter or doehteris, the quhilk ma nocht succede 
to the sade landis of Cragbernarde and Killvynnet vith the pertinens, be resone of the 
sade talze ; I vill tharefore, and oblisis me and myne airis maill, succedaris to the sade 
landis be resone of tallze, to the sade Elizabeth, and the doehtir and dochtiris off the 
sadis George and Elizabeth gottine and to be gottine be tuex thani, in this vis, that 
gif at tha haue bot ane dochter be tuex tham, that suld be heretayr to the sade landis 
in defalt of thare airis maill be tuex tham ; that I or myne airis maill that suecedis 
to the sade landis be the resone of taillze, that I or tha sal mary that a doehtir, one 
a mane of ais gret lewyne as Cragbernarde and Kyllwinet ; and at I or tha sail mak 
the cost thareapone ; and giff it sail happine tham till haue ma doehteris than ane, at 
suld be heritaris to the sade landis, that I and my airis maill ais sade is sail mary 
ilkane of tham one a man of ais gret lewyne ais thare part of the sade landis micht fall 
till ony of tham and tha var heretaris of the sade landis : And giff it sail happine me, 
or my airis maill that suecedis to the sade landis be resone of the sade talze, to falze in 
thir premissis to the sade Elizabeth, in all or in part, ais God forbede that I or tha do ; 
tharefor, to the fulfilling obseruing and keping of the forsade thingis in euere part 
thareoff, I fathfully bindis and oblisis me, and myne airis maill succedaris to the sade 
landis throw reson of the sade talze, in the stratest stille and forme of obligacione that 
is vsyt or cane be dewysyt efterwart, vithowt inconuenient to the sade Elizabeth, and 
to the doehtir and dochtiris gottine and to be gottine lachfully be tuex the sadis George 
and Elizabeth, the quhilkis sulde be heretaris to the sade landis in defalt of ayris maill ; 
that I and my sade airis maill ais sade is, sail pay to tham and to ilk ane of tham, the 
sowme of ane hundreth pundis golde and siluer, vsualle mone of Scotlande, to thar 
mariage, quhen tha cum to lachful agis to be mariyt, giff I or my sade ayris maill that 



1503.] CHARTERS, ETC. 279 

succedis to the sade landis be resone of the sade talze sail happyne to falze in the 
uiaryine of the sade doohtir or dochtiris one mene of lcwyne as sade is a bone vritine, 
but fraude or gylle ; I Tiiyne ande my airis maill as sade is renunciande all exeeptione 
oif law, cewille nor canowne, akis of parliament or generall consell, to be proponyt 
eftervart in jugement or owtputh, be me or ony vthyr or vthyris in my name or tharis, 
in the contrar of thyr my present letteris obligatori : In vitnes of the 'quhilk thing 
I haue appendyt my seill to thyr present letteris, at Edinburgh, the achtene day off 
the nioneth of March, in the zere of Gode a thowsande fiffe hundrcth and twa zeris, 
be for thir vitnes, Master Valtyr Abirnethy Prowest of Dunbertane, Sehir Henry 
Allane Archdene of Dunblane, Master Vilzam Lindissay Persone of Aldhame publiste 
notare, Master Johne off Murray publist notare, Vilzame Striuiling my sone, Johnc 
Striuiling, Archbalde Kyncade, and Schir Valtir Logane, Vikare of Strablane, publist 
notare, vith diueris vthyris. 

Precept by Thomas Hume of Langschaw, Knight, for infefting John Striueling of 
Craigbernard, Knight, in the lands of Quhitleys, 27th August 1503. 

72. Thomas Hume de Langschaw miles, et [superior] terraruni de Quhitleys, dilectis meis, 
Jacobo Redheuch, Alexandra Boyde, Jacobo Boyd, Johanni Brisbane, et Alexandra 
Buehquhane, ac eoruni alteri, coniunctim et diuisim, balliuis meis in hac parte specia- 
liter constitutis, Salutem : Quia dedi et concessi, ac hereditarie vendidi et alienaui, 
honorabili viro, Johanni Striueling de Cragbernard militi, omnes et singulas terras 
meas de Quhitleys, cum suis pertinenciis, jacentes in dominio de Stewartoune et infra 
vieecomitatum de Aire ; prout in carta mea dicto Johanni Striueling desuper confecta 
plenius continetur : Vobis igitur et vestrum cuilibet, coniunctim et diuisim, prccipio 
et mando quatenus, visis presentibus indilate saisinam statum et possessionem here- 
ditariam omnium et singularum predictarum terrarmn de Quhitleys, cum suis perti- 
nenciis, prefato Johanni Striueling militi, vol suo certo attornato lator'i presentium, 
secundum tenorem dicte carte mee quam inde habet, juste deliberetis et haberi 
faciatis sine dilatione : Et hoc nullo modo omittatis : Ad quod faciendum vobis et 
vestrum cuilibet, coniunctim vel diuisim, meam plenariam liberam et irreuocabilem 
potestatem, committo per presentes : In cuius rei testimonium sigillum meum pre- 
sentibus est appensum, apud Edinburgh, vicesimo septimo die mensis Augusti, anno 
Domini millcsimo quingentesimo tertio. 

Thomas Howm off y°. Langschaw. 



280 KEIR PAPERS. [1504. 

Discharge by George Campbell, younger of Cesnok to John Striueling of Cragbernard, 
Knight, of the warrandice of the lands of Quhitleys, 22nd December 1504. 

73. Be it kend till all men be thir present letteris, me George Campbell, sone and apperand 
air to George Campbell of Cesnok : That forsamekle as [ane] honorabill man, Johnne 
Striueling of Cragbernard knicht, has sauld and analyet to me, and to Jonet Mont- 
gumry my spous, heretablie be chartir and sesing, all and sindry his landis of 
Quhitleys, with thair pertinence, lyand in the bailzery of Cvnyngame, within the schiref- 
dome of Air ; the quhilkis landis the said Schir Johnne Striueling has be his conquest 
of Thomas Home of Lankschaw knicht ; and apone the lousing and redemyng of the 
saidis landis of Quhitleys, with thair pertinences, the said Schir Jolmne Striueling 
has gevin to the said Schir Thomas ane letter of reuersione, contenand in it the sovme 
of ane hundreth pundis, gud and vsuale money of Scotland, with sevin zeris tak eftir 
the lousing, for five crovnis of male alanerly ; like as the said reuersione proportis : 
And beeaus the said Schir Thomas has gevin and deliuerit to me, and to the said 
Jonet my spous, oure airis and assignais, ane chartir of confirmatioun maid vndir 
his sele, ratifyand, apprevand, and for him and his airis perpetualy confirmand the 
alienatioun maid to ws of the saidis landis of the Quhitleis, with thare pertinence ; 
like as at mair lenth is specifiit and contenit in the said chartir of confirmatioun maid 
and gevin to me, and to the said Jonet my spous thairapone : Heirfor I, for me and 
the said Jonet my spous, adnullis and dischargis, and for ws, our airis and assignais, 
perpetualy quitclemis the said Schir Johnne Striueling, his airis and assignais, of 
ony warrandice tobe maid be him or thame of the saidis landis of the Quhitleis in 
tyme tocum, be ony maner of way : Beeaus the said Schir Thomas has gevin ws con- 
firmatioun of the saidis landis, as is abone writtin ; all cauillatioun fraude and gile away 
put and excludit, and na remeid of law to be proponit nor allegit in the contrare of the 
discharge foresaid : In witnes of the quhilk thing to thir present letteris, subscrivit 
with my hand, my sele is to bunging, at Edinburgh, the xxii day of December, the 
zeir of God, ane thousand five hundreth and foure zeris, befoir thir witnes, Andro 
Mathesone, Alexander Kincragy, Robert Campbell, and Johnne Gray, with vtheris 

diuers. 

Geokg Campbell zunger. 



1505.] CHARTERS, ETC. 281 

Precept of Sasine by William of Striuelyne, Laird of Cadder, for infefting William 
of Haiuniiltoune in Kyncauyill in the lands of Cragbrey, 27th December 1505. 

74. 1 Willizame of Striuelyne, lard .of Cadder, till myne luffitis Maister Johnne of 
Striuelyne, Chapellane, Thoines Red, Robert Red, Willizame of Came and Johnne 
Child, Grating. Forsamekle as that I haif geuin ontil lifrent till myne lufit frend, 
Willizame of Hammiltoune in Kyncauyill, all and hale myne landis of Cragbrey with 
the pertinentis, quhilk that lyis withyne the berrony of Berime Bogall, withyne the 
shirefdome of Lithgow ; to zow I bid and commandis, that ze in my name, or ony ane 
of zow, conjunctly and seueraly, this precep beand senne, that ze pass and entyr the 
foresaid Willizame of Hammiltoune, or hys actornay, till the foresaid landis of Cragbrey 
. with the pertinentis, and till gif liime possessioune of the samyne, efter the tenour of 
myne assedatioune of lifrent, and efter the tenour of this precep ; the quwiche till zow, 
or ony ane of zow, I commit myne ful powir be this myne precep. In witness hereof 
till this myne precep I haif hung myne sele, at Cadder, the xxvii day of the moneth 
of Decembyr, the zere of our Lord a thowsand five hundred and five zeris, in presence 
of thir witness, Maister Johne of Striuelyne, curat of Cadder, Allane Stewart of 
Schelezardis, Thomas Red and Henry Curry with oydiris diuers. 

Hec est copia precepti per me Robertum Foulis notarium publicum transumpta, 
sub meis signo et subscriptione manualibus. 

Robertus Foulis, Notarius, manu propria. 

Precept of Clare Constat by Robert [Blacader] Archbishop of Glasgow, for 
infefting William Striueling in the lands of Cadder, 23rd March 1505. 

75. Robertus, miseracione diuina Glasguensis Archiepiscopus, dilecto nostro germano, 
domino Baldredo Blacader, balliuo nostro, seu eiusdem deputato in hac parte, Thome 
Hugonis, Salutem cum benedictione diuina. Quia euidenter constat nobis, quod quondam 
Willebxms Striueling de Cadder, pater Willelmi Striueling latoris presencium, obiit 
vltimo vestitus et saisitus vt de feodo, ad pacem et fidem supremi domini nostri Regis, 
de omnibus et singulis terris de Cadder cum pertinenciis, jacentibus in baronia nostra 
de Glasgw infra territorium eiusdem ; et quod dictus Willelmus est legitimus et pro- 
pinquior heres dicti quondam Willelmi sui patris de dictis terris de Cadder cum 
pertinenciis ; Et quod est legitime etatis ; et quod prefate terre de Cadder cum per- 
tinenciis tenentur in capite de ecclesia nostra metropolitana Glasguensi, nobisqtie ex 
.nunc et successoribus nostris dicte ecclesie prclatis pro tempore existentibus, in warda 



282 KEIK PAPERS. [1506. 

et releuio ; reddendo inde annuatim prefate nostre ecclesie nobisquc et successoribus 
nostris eiusdem ecclesie prelatis, quatuor libras monete currentis pro tempore, ad duos 
anni terruinos consuetos, videlicet, Sancti Penthecostes et Sancti Martini in yaine, per 
equales porciones, vnaemn duabus libris eiusdem monete lumini Sancti Kentegerni ad 
prescriptos anni terminos annuatim, ac etiam cum tribus sectis in nostris tribus curiis 
capitalibus annuatim, cum aliis seruiciis debitis solitis et consuetis ; et quod nunc 
existunt in manibus nostris vt ArcHepiscopi Glasguensi antedicti, tanquam domini 
superioris earundem, ob mortem dicti Willelmi, per spacium quadraginta dierum vel 
eocirca : Vobis igitur et vestrum cuilibet coniunctim et diuisim, precipimus et 
mandamus quatenus dicto Willelmo, vol suo aetornato latori presenciiun, saisinam 
hereditariam statumque possessionem dictarum terrarum cum pertinenciis, juste fieri 
et deliberari faciatis, sine delacione, saluo rare cuiuslibet, capientes securitatem suffi- 
cientem quod idem Willebnus fideliter persoluet nobis onera per emu debita de dictis 
terns, post mortem dicti sui patris. Ad quod faciendum vobis et cuilibet vestrum 
nostras vices auctoritatem et potestatem tenore presencimn commitimus et impertimur. 
In cuius rei testimonium sigillum nostrum rotundum presentibus est appensum, apud 
ciuitatem nostram Glasguensem, die vicesimo tercio mensis Marcii, anno Domini mil- 
lesimo quingentesimo quinto. 




Retoub of William Striuelyne, as heir of William Striuelyne of Cadder, his father, 
in the lands of Cragbrey, 9th May 1506. 

76. Hec inquisicio facta apud burgum de Linlithgow, nono die mensis Maii, anno Domini 
millesimo quingentesimo sexto, coram Nykolayo Craufurd, deputato vicecomitis de 
Linlithgow, per hos probos patrie subscriptos, viz. Jacobuni Leuinstoune de Maner- 
stoune, Eobertum Listoune de Himby, Gilbertum Hammiltoune de Lochous, Jacobum 
Leuinstoun de Braidlaw, Patricium Connie de Ballinheid, Robertum Douglas de 
1'imferstoune, Johannem Lithgow de Weltoune, Johannem Sandilandis de Hilhous, 
Johannem Akynhede, Alexandnun Akynhede, Johannem Cochran de Balbachlo, 
Alexandrum Benyne, Willelmum Walchop, Thomam Brownne, Duncanum Carrebyr 
de eodem, Johannem Akynhede et Thomam Douglas. Qui jurati dicunt, quod quon- 
dam Willelmus .Striuelyne dc Cadder, pater Willelmi Striuelyne latoris presentium, 



1506.] CHARTERS, ETC. 283 

obiit vltiino vestitus et saisitus ut de feodo, ad paceni et fideni doniini nostri Regis, de 
terris de Cragbrey, cum suis pertmentiis, jacentibus in baronia de Dunimany infra 
vicecouiitatuni de Lithgow. Et quod dictus Willebnus Striuelyne est legittimus et pro- 
pinquior beres eiusdeni quondam Willelmi patria sui, de dictis terris de Cragbrey cum 
pertmentiis. Et quod est legittime etatis. Et quod dicte terre de Cragbrey cum perti- 
nentis valent nunc per annum sex mercis, et valuerunt tempore pacis quadraginta 
solidis. Et quod dicte terre de Cragbrey tenentur in capite de domino baronie de Dum- 
many et successoribus suis, domino superiori earundem, per seruitium albe firme ; red- 
dendo inde annuatim vnam libram piperis, cum tribus sectis cui'ie ad tria placita capi- 
talia dicte baronie de Dummany, nomine albe firme si petatur. Et quod feodum dicte 
terre de Cragbrey est in manibus supremi domini nostri Regis a decessu Johannis 
Blovbray, heredis quondam domini Dauid Movbra, ratione warde. Et quod liberum 
tenementum dicte terre de Cragbrey est in manibus dicti domini Dauid Movbra de 
Dmnmany militis, causa reseruationis, per mortem dicti Willelmi Striuelyne, ob defec- 
tum veri heredis jus suuni buc vsque minime prosequentis, a tempore trium mensium, 
uel eocirca. In cujus inquisitionis testimonium sigilla dicti vicecomitis deputati et 
quorundam qui dicte inquisitioni intererant, presentibus, breui incluso, sunt appensa, 
anno, die, mense, et loco supradictis. 

Retoue of William Striueling, as beir of William Striuelyng of Cadder, in tbe lands 
of Branzeid and Bawincleir, 12tb May 1506. 

77. Hec inquisicio facta apud burgum de Dunbertane, in pretorio eiusdem, coram nobile 
et prepotente domino, Matbeo comite de Leuenas, domino Dernle, et vicecomite de 
Dunbertane, xii° die mensis Maii, anno Domini millesimo quingentesimo sexto, 
per hos subscriptos, viz. Robertum Sympill de Foulwod, Alexandrum Ardincaple de 
eodem, Robertum Danzelstoun de Culgrane, Andream Cwnygam de Driunquhassill, 
Walterum Logane de G-artcomvell, Wilelmimi Dowglas de Laidcanroch, Jacobum 
Lekky, Vchtbredum Knok, Tbomam Sympill, Vmfridum Lenax, Patricium M c Gregor, 
G-eorgeum Stewart, Robertum Naper, Wilelmum Levingstoun de Kilsyth, et Wilehnum 
Lyndesay. Qui jurati dicunt, quod quondam Wilehnus Striuelyng de Cadder, pater 
Wilebni Striuelyng latoris presentium, obiit vltimo vestitus et sasitus, vt de feodo, ad 
pacem et fidem supremi domini nostri Regis, de terris de Branzeid et Bawincleir, cum 
pertmentiis, jaceutibus in comitatu de Leuenax infra vicecomitatum de Dunbertane. 
Et quod dictus Wilehnus est legittimus et propinquior heres eiusdem quondam Wilehni 
patris sui, de dictis terris cum pertmentiis. Et quod est legittime etatis. Et quod dicte 



284 KEIR PAPEES. [1507. 

terre cum pertinentiis valent nunc per annum viginti libras, et tempore pacis valuerunt 
nouem mercas. Et quod tenentur in capite de Colino Cambell de Achinoye per serui- 
tium warde et releuii. Et quod nunc sunt in manibus dicti Colini Cambell legitime 
per seipsum, ob mortem dicti quondam Willelmi, qui obiit per spathun trium mensium 
ultimum elapsum, vel eo circa, in defectu veri heredis jus suum hucusque minime pro- 
sequentis. In cujus rei testimonium, sigilla quorundam eorum qui dicte inquisitioni 
intererant, vna cum breve Kegio intus clauso, sub sigillo dicti domini vicecomitis, 
presentibus sunt appensa, anno die, mense, et loco prescriptis. 

Instrument of Resignation in favour of John Striueling of Cragbernard Kniglit, of 
part of the lands of Glorett, 9th Feb. 1507. 

78. In Dei Nomine Amen : Per hoc presens publicum Instrumentum cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod Anno Incarnacionis Dominice, millesimo quingentesimo septimo, 
mensis vero Februarii die nono, indictione vndecima, pontificatus sanctissimi in 
Christo patris et Domini nostri, domini Julii diuina prouidencia pape secundi, anno 
quarto : In mei notarii publici et testiivm subscriptorum presencia, personaliter con- 
stitutes honorabilis vir, Dauid Someruaile de Plane, non vi aut metu ductus, nee errore 
lapsus, sed sua niera et spontanea voluntate, totam et integrant vnam partem de sep- 
tima parte terrarum suarum de Glorett, cum pertinenciis, jacentium in comitatu de 
Levynnax, infra vicecomitatum de Dunbertane, in manibus nobilis et potentis domini, 
Mathei Comitis de Levynnax, domini superioris earundem, a se et heredibus suis im- 
perpetuum, in fauorem honorabilis viri, Johannis Striueling de Craigbernard militis et 
heredum suorum, per fustem et baculum siu-sum reddidit, pureque et simpliciter resig- 
nauit : Qua resignacione sic vt premittitur facta, idem Matheus Comes de Levynnax, 
dictam vnam partem de septima parte dictarum terrarum de Glorett, cum pertinenciis, 
prefato Johanni Striueling de Craigbernard militi, et suis heredibus quibuscunque 
hereditarie, per deliberacionem fustis et baculi, dedit, contulit, pariterque deliberauit ; 
secundum tenorem carte desuper aficiende : Insuper predictus Dauid Someruaile fidel- 
iter fidemedia se obligauit, ac firmiter promisit, quod sufficientem literam obligatoriam, 
sub suo proprio sigillo sigillatam, in vberiora forma obligacionis, pro se et heredibus 
suis, ad warantizacionem et securitatera totius et integre prenominate vnius partis de 
septima parte prefatarum terrarum de Glorett, cum pertinenciis, dicto Johanni 
Striueling de Craigbernard militi, et suis heredibus quibuscunque, contra et aduersus 
Dominum de Bord, heredes suos et assignatos, necnon contra omnes mortales, 
faceret et donaret : Super quibus omnibus et singulis prefatus Johannes Striueling de 



1508.] CHARTERS, ETC. 285 

Craigbernard miles a me notaxio publico subscripto sibi fieri petiit, instriunentimi aut 
instrumenta, vnuni vel plura, publicum seu publica : Acta erant hec in capella regia 
infra nouam fabricam supremi domini nostri Regis, situatam prope monasterium Sancte 
Crucis de Edinburgh, sub anno, die, mense, indictione, et pontificatu quibus supra : 
Presentibus, reuerendo in Christo patre, Dauid Episcopo Lismorensi, Waltero Striue- 
ling, Patricio Danzelstoune, "Willehno Flernyng, Thonia Somervaile, cum diuersis aliis 
ad premissa voeatis specialiter et rogatis. 

Et Ego Willelmus Danzelstoune, clericus Glasguensis diocesis, sacra apostolica 
autoritate notarius : Quia, etc. 
Whleliius Danzelstotjn. 



Charter by Matthew, Earl of Levinax Lord Dernlie, to John Striuiling of Cragbernard, 
Knight, of the lands of Glorat, 27th May 1508. 

79. Omnibus hanc cartam visuris vel audituris, Matheus Comes de Levinax, Dominus 
Dernlie, etc., Salutem in Domino sempitei'nam : Noueritis nos dedisse, concessisse, et 
hac presenti carta nostra confimiasse . . . honorabili viro, Johanni Striueling de 
Cragbernard militi, omnes et singulas terras de Glorat, extendentes annuatim ad 
nouem libratas, decern solidatas et quinque denariatas terrarum, cum obulo, antiqui 
extentus, cum suis pertinenciis, jacentes in comitatu nostro de Levinax, et infra vice- 
comitatum de Dunbertane ; de quibusquidem terris de Glorat . . . vna pars 
earundem, extendens annuatim ad duas libratas septemdecim solidatas et duas de- 
nariatas terrarum antiqui extentus, nobis antedicto domino comiti hereditarie in pro- 
prietate pertinet, per resignacionem et renunciacionem nobis per Jacobum Flemyng 
de Borde inde factam ; et residuum dictarum nouem libratarum, decern solidatariun et 
quinque denariatarum terrarum cum obulo de Glorat . . . fuit Elezabeth Kincaid 
de eodem, sponse Thome Kincaide ; necnon Jacobi Turnbule, Dauid Someruile de 
Plane, Cristiane Hepburne et Margarete Hepbume, sponse Walteri Sellar ; et quas 
Elezabeth Kincaid, cum consensu et assensu dicti Thome sui sponsi, Jacobus Turnbule, 
et dicta Margareta Hepbume, cum consensu et assensu dicti Walteri Sellar, sui sponsi. 
per suos procuratores . . . et dicti Dauid Someruile et Cristiana Hejsburne per- 
sonaliter ... in manibus nostris . . . resignauerunt . . . Tenendas 
et habendas . . . prefato Johanni Striueling, heredibus suis et assignatis, de 
nobis, heredibus et successoribus nostris, in feodo et hereditate imperpetuum . 
Reddendo inde annuatim . . . nobis, heredibus et successoribus nostris, tres 
sectas curie, ad tria placita nostra capitalia annuatim tenenda apud Balloch ; necnon 

2 o 





28G KEIR PAPERS. [1508. 

wardam, reliuium et maritagium, cum contigerit ... In cuius rei testimonium 
sigilliun nostrum huic presenti carte nostre est appensum, vnacum subscriptione nostra 
manuali, apud burgum de Edinburght, vicesimo septimo die mensis Mali, anno Domini 
millesimo quingentesimo octauo, coram Mis testibus, videlicet, reuerendo in Cristo 
patre, Dauid miseracione diuina Episcopo Lesmorensi, Johanne Stewart de Mynto, 
Alexandre Stewart de G-astoune, Johanne Maxwell de Pollok, Georgeo Lindesay, 
Jacobo Stewart, Magistris Jacobo Stewart, Roberto * Vicario de Erskine, 

Willelmo Danzelstoune notario publico, et Willeuno Flemyng, cum multis aliis. 

X- 

Charter of Confirmation by Matthew, Earl of Lieuenax and Lord Dernlie, of a 
charter by John Striueling of Cragbernard, Knight, to a Chaplain at the altar 
of St. Mary, in the Parish Church of Campsie, and in his Chapel of Cragbernard, 
of an annualrent of twelve merks and ten shillings, from his Lands of Cragber- 
nard and doret. Both charters dated 6th June 1508. 

80. Omnibus banc cartam visuris vel audituris, Matheus Comes de Lieuenax ac Dominus 
Dernlie, Salutem in Domino sempiternam : Noueritis nos, quandam cartam donacionis 
et concessions, per dilectum nostrum, Johannem Striueling de Cragbernard militem, 
factam, sub suo sigillo, Deo Omnipotenti, G-loriosissinieque Virgini Marie, sue matri 
benignissime, et vni capellano Deo seruienti, et suis successoribus perpetue seruituris, 
de mandato nostro visam, inspectam, et diligenter examinatam, omni vicio et suspi- 
cione carentem, intellexisse, sub hac forma : Omnibus hanc cartam visuris vel audi- 
turis, Johannes Striueling de Cragbarnard miles, Salutem in Domino sempiternam : 
Noueritis me, in laudem gloriam et honorem Omnipotentis Dei, et gloriosissime 
Virginis Marie, sue matris intemerate, omnivmique sanctorum peradisi ; pro inco- 
lumitate et prosperitate excellentissimi et serenissimi principis, Jacobi quarti, Dei 
gratia Scotorum Regis illustrissimi, postque eius decessum, pro salute anime sue, 
antecessorum et successorum suorum ; ac pro animarum salute nobilium et potentium 
dominormn, Mathei Comitis de Levenax Domini Dernlie moderni, superioris domini 
mei terrarum subscriptarum, antecessorum et successorum suorum ; et quondam 

1 Blank in Original. 



1508.] CHARTERS, ETC. 287 

Andree Stewarte, Domini Avandale, Cancellariique Scocie, Colini Comitis Ergadie 
Domini Campbell, Georgei Abirnethy, Prepositi ecclesie collegiate de Dunbertane, 
et Alexandri Stewart de Avandale, et pro salute amine nice, et amine Margarete 
Abyrnethy coniugis nice, et animarum patrum et matrmn nostrorum, proliumque 
nostrarum ; ac eciam pro salute omnium illorum animarum, quibus debitor fui iu hoc 
mundo, et penes quos aliqualiter deli qui ; dedisse, concessisse, et bac presenti carta 
mea confirmasse . . . dictis Omnipotenti Deo, gloriosissime Virgini Marie matri 
sue, et omnibus Sanctis peradisi, vnique capellano Dei seruienti, et perpetue seruituro, 
in ecclesia parochiali de Camsi, et iu capella mea, erecta et fundata in honore beatissimc 
Virginis Marie, infra locum meum et maneriem de Cragbernard, vnum annuum reddi- 
tum duodecim mercarum ct decern solidorum monete Scocie, annuatim percipiendiun 
et leuandmn, ad duos anni terminos consuetos, Penthecostes videlicet et sancti Martini 
in hieme, per equales porciones, videlicet, sex mercarum et decern solidorum de 
terris meis de Cragbernard, jacentibus in comitatu de Lievenax, infra vicecomitatum de 
Dunbertane, et aliarum sex marcarum de terris meis de G-loret, cum pertinenciis, 
jacentibus in dicto comitatu, infra dictum vicecomitatum do Dunbertane : Tenendum et 
habendum . . . predictis Omnipotenti Deo, et beatissime matri sue Virgini Marie, 
dictoque capellano diuina celebranti, et suis successoribus perpetue celebraturis pro 
animabus suprascriptis, in dicta ecclesia perrochiali de Campsi, ad altare nostre 
Domine eiusdem, semper et quousque ego, aut heredes mei, edificauero vel edifi- 
cauerint sacellmn siue capellam in bonore Domine nostre predicte, apud et ad predic- 
tam ecclesiam perrochialem, et in capella mea de Cragbernarde, a me, heredibus meis et 
assignatis, in puram et perpetuani elemosinam . . . Volo insuper quod lmiusmodi 
seruicii siue capellanie donacio, michi et heredibus meis, pre ceteris aliis ct citra 
omnem aliam ordinariam presentacionem, vere pertineat et spectet : Arceatur eciam 
idem capellanus, qui pro tempore fuerit, ad continuam residenciam, nee se absentabit 
a dicto seruicio per spatium quindecim dierum continue, quin ipsa vacabit capellania : 
Et indies celebrabit, cum dispositus fuerit, videlicet, in dicta ecclesia perrochiali vt 
supra, ter in omni ebdomida, et in dicta mea capella de Cragbernard, quatuor vicibus, 
singulis septimanis, tocius anni pro perpetuo : Et ad primum lauatorium, tenebitur 
cuiuslibet misse populum exhortare, vt dicant vnum Pater Noster, cum salutacione 
angelica, scilicet, Aue Maria, pro animabus supradictis : Nee licebit eidem capellano, 
qui pro tempore fuerit, habere seu tenere coneubinam seu focariam continuam ; quin 
hoc notarie cognito, ipsa vacabit capellania et seruicium : Ita quod quociens vacauerit, 
heredes mei post meum decessum, sufficientem et ydoneum capellanum ad lmiusmodi 
seruicium, infra viginti dies post vacacioncm eiusdem quociens contigerit, nominent et 



288 KEIE PAPERS. [1508. 

instituant : Tenebitur eciam prefatus capellanus, qui pro tempore fuerit, omni sexta 
feria singulis annis perpetue, orare et dicere Placebo et Dirige, cum collectis consuetis, 
pro animabus supradictis, vt desuper voluerit coram summo rendere judice : Volo 
eciam quod dicti decern solidi sepedicti annui redditus omni anno exponantur in pane 
vino et candela cerea, pro sustentacione missarum liuiusmodi seruicii ... In cuius 
rei testimonium sigillum meum huic presenti carte mee est appensum, apud Inchennen, 
sexto die mensis Junii, anno Domini rnillesinio quingentesimo octauo, coram hiis tes- 
tibus, Johanne Stewart de Mynto milite, Magistro Adam Culquhone, Rectore de 
Govane, Jacobe Hammyltone, Jolianne Paris, Roberto Callander de Dowratour, 
Willehno Flemyne, et Waltero Striuelyng : Quamquidem cartam, donacionem et con- 
cessionem in se contentas, in omnibus suis punctis et articulis, niodis et circumstan- 
ciis, forma pariter et effectu vt prescriptum est, ratificamus, approbamus, ac pro nobis, 
heredibus nostris et successoribus, imperpetuum confirmamus : In cuius rei testimo- 
nium sigillum nostrum huic presenti carte nostre confirmacionis est appensum, apud 
maneriuni nostrum de Inchennen, sexto die mensis Junii, anno Domini milleshno 
quingentesimo octauo, coram hiis testibus, [lit in carta co>ifirmata,~] cum diuersis aliis. 



Charter by Matthew, Earl of Leuenox Lord Dernly, to William Stryuelyng, son of 
John Stryuelyng of Cragbernard, Knight, of the lands of Glorat, 10th October 
1508. 

81. Omnibus hanc cartam visuris vel audituris, Matheus Conies de Leuenax et Dominus 
Dernly, Salutem in Domino sempiternam : Noueritis nos dedisse, concessisse, et hac 
presenti carta nostra confirmasse . . . dilecto seruitori nostro, Wilelrno Stryue- 
lyng, filio dilecti consanguinei nostri, Johannis Stryuelyng de Cragbernard militis, 
omnes et singulas terras de Glorat . . . jacentes in comitatu nostro de Leuenax, 
infra vicecomitatum de Dunbertane : Que quidem terre, crnn pertinenciis, fuerunt 
hereditarie prefati Johannis Striuelyng de Cragbernard militis ; et quas idem 
apud terras de Gonze in Kylsith, coram diuersis testibus, in manibus nostris . 
resignauit . . . Tenendas et habendas . . . dicto AVilelmo Striuelyng, et 
heredibus suis masculis de corpore suo legittime procreatis seu procreandis ; quibus 
deficientibus, Waltero Striuelyng, fratri suo germano, et heredibus suis masculis de 
corpore suo legittime procreatis seu procreandis ; quibus forte deficientibus, prefato 
Johanni Striuelyng de Cragbernard, heredibus et assignatis suis quibuscunque ; de 
nobis, heredibus et successoribus nostris, in feodo et hereditate imperpetuum 
Reddendo inde annuatim . . . nobis, heredibus et successoribus nostris, tres sectas 



1509.] CHARTERS, ETC. 289 

curie ad tria placita nostra capitalia annuatim tenenda apud Ballaeh ; necnon waxdam, 
reliuium et maritagium, cum contigerit ; ac eciam capellano perpetuo diuina celebranti 
et imperpetuum celebraturo, in capella scituata infra dictum locum de Cragbernard, et 
ecclesiam parochialein de Campsy, et suis successoribus capellanis, vnum annuum red- 
ditiun sex mercarum vsualis monete Scocie, annuatim percipiendmn et leuandum ad 
duos anni terminos consuetos, Penthecostes videlicet et sancti Martini in hienie, per 
equales porciones, de omnibus et singulis predictis terris de Glorat . . . Eeseruato 
tamen libero tenemento omnium et singularmn predictarum terrarum de Glorat . . . 
prefato Johanni Striuelyng de Cragbernard, pro toto tempore vite sue ; necnon racio- 
nabilem terciam partem earundem, sponse sue, cum contigerit : In cuius rei testimo- 
nium sigillum meum huic presenti carte mee est appensum, apud locum nostrum de 
Inchynane, decimo die niensis Octobris, anno Doinini millesimo quingentesimo octauo, 
coram hiis testibus, reuerendissimo in Christo patri ac domino, domino Dauid Hamil- 
toune, miseracione diuina Argadiensi episcopo, Jobanne Sympill domino de Fouluod, 
Patricio Danzelstone filio domini de Cougrane, domino Jacobo Knox presbitero, 
Matheo Steuart, et Johanni Lairgis, cum multis aliis. 

Charter by John Striueling of Kere, Knight, to the Chaplains at the Altar of St. 
Mary, in the Cathedral of Dunblane, of an annuabent of £20 out of his lands 
of Schanraw, 2nd October 1509. 

82. Vniuersis sancte matris ecclesie filiis presentem cartam visuris vel audituris, Johannes 
Striueling do Kere miles, Salutem in domino sempiternam. Quia per deuotas orationes 
ac missarum celebraciones, vbi filius hominis pro peccatis nostris offcrtur, pie creditur 
peccata dimitti purgatoriique penas demolliri, et ab eisdem penis defunctorum animas 
frequencius liberari ; Ideoque, noueritis me, in diuini cultus augmentmn, ac caritatis 
intuitu, ad laudem et honorem Dei omnipotentis, et beatissime virginis Marie, et beate 
Anne, matris eiusdem beatissime virginis, et omnium sanctorum celestis curie ; necnon 
pro salute animarmn illustrissimi principis supremique domini nostri Jacobi quarti Dei 
gracia Scotorum Regis moderni, et serenissime principisse Margarete Eegine Scocie, 
consortis sue, et pro salute animarum prolium antecessorumque et successorum suorum, 
necon pro salute animarum Luce Striueling, dominorum Wilelmi Striueling aui mei, et 
Wilelmi Striueling patris mei, militum, Margarete Cunynghame auie mee, Margarete 
Creichtoun Domine Sympile matris mee, et Katherine Striueling Comitisse Angusie 
sororis mee, necnon et pro salute anime mee, vxorisque mee, nostrorumque anteces- 
sorum et successorum, et pro animabus omnium fidelium defunctorum ; dcdissc, con- 



290 KEIR PAPERS. [1509. 

cessisse et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse, ornnipotenti Deo, beatissimeque Dei 
genitrici virgini Marie, et omnibus Sanctis, et altari eiusdem beatissiine virginis Marie 
in naui ecclesie catliedralis Dunblanensis situato, ex parte boreali eiusdem, ac discretis 
viris Dominis Thonie Myllar et Archibaldo Balcomy capellanis, eorumque succes- 
soribus, capellanis perpetuis ad dictum altare beate virginis Marie, Deo seruituris et 
seruientibus imperpetuum, vnum annuum redditum viginti librarum vsualis monetc 
regni Scocie annuatim leuandum et percipiendum de terris de Schanraw, Wodland et 
Kippanerate, et molendinis de Strowy et de Keir, cum pertinenciis, jacentibus infra 
vicecomitatum de Perth ; ad sustentacionem dictorum duorum capellanormn et suc- 
cessorum suorum, capellanorum ad predictum altare beate Marie diuina celebrantimn 
et celebraturoruni, videlicet, dicto domino Thonie Myllare et successoribus suis, capel- 
lanis ad idem altare Deo seruituris, decern libras prefati annui redditus . . 
de predictis terris . . . necnon dicto domino Archibaldo Balcomy, et succes- 
soribus suis capellanis eciam ad idem altare Deo seruituris, decern libras dicti annui 
redditus . . . de predictis molendinis . . . quibus molendinis . . . defi- 
cientibus precipiendas et leuandas de terris de Strowy et de Keir predictis cum perti- 
nenciis, in puram, meram, liberam, et perpetuam elimosinam. Tenendum et habendum 
ac possidendum dictum annuum redditum . . prenominatis dominis Thome 

Myllar et Archibaldo Balcomy, pro eorum vite temporibus ad dictum altare Deo serui- 
entibus, et suis successoribus capellanis ad idem altare in dicta ecclesia cathedrali 
Dunblanensi imperpetuum Deo seruituris, in meram, puram, et perpetuam elemosinam, 
a me et heredibus meis imperpetuum . . . Faciendo inde annuatim, et in dies 
dicti domini Thomas Myllar et Archibaldus Balcomy ac successores sui, capellani per- 
petui dictarum capellaniarum ad predictum altare beate marie Virginis, per se aut per 
ydoneos capellanos per ipsos, de licensia consensu et assensu mei et heredimi ac succes- 
sorum meorum patronorum capellaniarum et altaris predicti, ad seruiendum dicto altari 
substitutos, missarum et aliarum oracionum diuinarum pia et cotidiana suffragia tantum. 
Volo eciam et ordino, quod prefati clomini Thomas Myllar et Archibaldus Balcomy et 
successores sui, capellani perpetui capellaniarum et altaris antedicti, qui pro tempore 
fuerint, in ciuitate Dunblanense personaliter continuam faciant residenciam, et diuina 
celebrent ad altare predictum ; et si abinde negligentes et vagi fuerint, vel aliquis 
eorum negligcns seu vagus fuerit, per duos menses, sine speciali licencia, a me heredi- 
bus meis et successoribus, patronis vt premittitur, petita et obtenta, volo quod capel- 
lania illius vagi et negligentis per dictum tempus in manibus meis heredumque meorum 
et successorum, patronorum ut premissum est, pure et simplicitcr vacabit eo facto. 
Yolo eciam, concede, ac per presentes ordino, quod presentacio siue jus patronatus 



1509.] CHARTERS, ETC. 291 

tociens quociens dicte capellanie vacauermt, seu altera earum vacauerit, ad dictam 
Margaretam Creichtoun meam inatrem, pro toto tempore vite sue, et post eius decessum 
ad me meos heredes et successores, patronos vt supra, imperpetuum pertineat : collacio 
vero seu instituoio semper ad reuerendum in Cliristo patrem Jacobum miseracione 
diuina Episcopum Dunblanensem et successores suos, qui pro tempore fuerint, pertineat. 
Et si contingat me, heredes meos vel successores, patronos vt supra, nullos presentare 
capellanos ydoneos, vel capellanum ydoneum, ad capellanias vel capellaniam predictas, 
infra duos menses immediate sequentes post vacacionem earum vel alterius earundem ; 
collacio vero capellaniarum seu capellanie antedictarum sic vacantium, tunc ad manus 
dicti reuerendi patris, et successorum suorum Episcoporum Dunblanensium qui pro tem- 
pore fuerint, deuoluitur ilia vice dumtaxat, et hoc tociens quociens negligentes erunt 
patroni in presentacione capellaniarum seu capellanie supradicte ... In cuius 
rei testimonium sigillum meum huic presenti carte mee fuudacionis capellaniarum supra- 
dictarum est appensmn, apud dictam ciuitatem Dunblanenseni, secundo die mensis 
Octobris, anno Domini millesmio quingentesimo nono, coram hiis testibus, reuerendo 
in Christo patre Jacobo Episcopo Dunblanensi, circumspectis et discretis viris, Magistro 
Henrico Quhite Officiali Dunblanensi etc., Dominis Jacobo Wilsone, Johanne Cheis- 
holme, dicte ecclesie cathedralis Dunblanensis Canonicis, G-eorgeo Sinclare, Magistro 
Wilelino Sinclare, Domino Thoma Row capellano, et Andrea Mortoun notariis publicis 

cum diuersis aliis. 

John Striueling of ye Keir. 

Charter by William Menteth of West Kers, Knight, to William Striueling of Gader, 
of the lands of Vchiltreis, 7th February 1509. 

83. Omnibus hanc Cartam visuris vel audituris Willelmus Menteth de West Kers miles, et 
domiuus baronie eiusdem, Salutem in Domino sempeternam. Noueritis me dedisse, 
concessisse, et hac presenti carta mea confirmasse . . . honorabili viro Willelmo 
Striueling de Cader, omnes et singulas terras de Vchiltreis, cum manerio et molendino 
earundem emu suis pertinenciis, jacentes in dicta mea baronia de West Kers, et infra 
vicecomitatum de Striueling, pro gratitudinibus et beneficiis michi per dictum Wil- 
lelmum multipliciter impensis ; quequidem terre de Vchiltreis . . . prius fuerunt 
dicti Willelmi Striueling hereditarie, et per ipsum de me, tanquam domino et barone 
dicte baronie de West Kers, in capite tente. Non obstante omnes et singule terre 
dicte mee baronie . . . fuerunt recognite in manibus suprenii doniini nostri 
Regis, ex et pro eo quod maior pars predictarum terrarum et baronie fuit alienata, sine 
consensu, licencia aut connrmacioue domini nostri Regis aut predecessorum suonmi 



292 KEIR PAPERS. [1510. 

desuper obtenta, et propter huiusmodi causam, tota dicta mea baronia de West Kers 
. fuit forisfacta dicto supremo domino nostro Regi, proivt in quodani decreto 
dominorum suormn concilij desuper fulminato plenius eontinetur, et post huiusmodi 
recognicionem et forisfacturam dicte mee baronie, tarn in proprietate quam in tenandria, 
sic vt premittitur factam, ego dictus Willelmus Menteth, cum dicto supremo domino 
nostro Rege, et suo thesam'ario nomine suo, pro noua infeodacione in omnibus et singu- 
lis terris et baronia de West Kerss . . . composui, et hujusmodi infeodaeionem 
realiter optinui, cum plenariis consensu et licencia a dicto supremo domino nostro Rege 
ad alienandmn tenentibus meis et eorum beredibus suas tenandrias dicte mee baronie, 
quas de me prius tenuerunt et possederunt . . . prout in carta regia sub suo 
magno sigillo desuper confecta plenius eontinetur : Tenendas et habendas . 
prefato Willelmo Striueling beredibus suis et assignatis, de me et beredibus meis, 
baronibus dicte baronie de West Kers, in feodo et bereditate imperpetuum . 
Reddendo inde . . . wardam et releuium cum contigerit, necnon tres sectas ad 
tria mea placita capitalia annuatim apud baroniam meam de West Kerse tenenda, cum 
aliis seruiciis debitis et consuetis. In cuius rei testimonium sigillum meum huic 
presenti carte mee est appensum, apud burgum de Edinburgh, septimo die mensis 
Februarii, anno Domini niillesiino quingentesimo nono, coram hiis testibus, videlicet, 
Roberto Menteth filio meo, Rankino Menteth, Duncano Menteth, Willelmo Menteth, ma- 
gistro Johanne Striueling, Roberto Striueling, et Willebno Hamnryltoun, cum multis aliis. 

Discharge by William Menthet of the Kers, Knight, to William Striuelyng, 
Laird of Caddar, 3rd June 1510. 

84. Be it kend til al men be thir present letteris, me William Menthet of the Kers 
knycht, granttis me to haue ressayit fra ane honorabile man, Willeme Striuelyng Lard 
of Caddar, the sowme of thre schor of markis and ten markis, of gud and vsuel mony 
of Scotland, in part of payment of ane mayr sovme for the racunysyng wtquyttyng of 
the landis of Huchiltre, quhilkis landis wes racunest in our Souerane Lordis handis, and 
now is in my handis as ourlord, and I the said Schir Willem Menthet is bowndyn to 
the trazarar thairfor. And I the said schir Willem Menthet grantis me weil [contentit] 
and payit of the said sovme of thre schor of [markis and ten] markis, and dis- 
chargis and quytclemes the said Willem Striuelyng of Caddar, is ayris, executouris 
and assignais, be me, my ayris, executouris and assignais, for now and euer. In witnes 
of the quhilk thyng, I haue affixit to my seil to this present writ, the thrid day of 
Junij, the zer of Cod I™ v°. and ten zerris, at Aluetht, be for thir witnes, Master 



1510.] CHARTERS, ETC. 293 

Johne Striuelyng, Schir Johne Red, Johne Menthet, Thomas Drummond, Willem 
Menthet and Thomas Blar, with vderis diueris witnes. 



Indenture between Robert Lord Erskin, and William Striuelyng of Glorat, Keeper 
of the Castle of Dunbertane, 24th June 1510. 

55. Thir Indentouris maid at the Castale of Dunbertane, the xxiiii dai of the nioneth of 
Jwne, the zer of God K 1 V^ and ten zeris, contenis, proportis, and beris witnes, that 
it is apointit and concordit betuix ane nobill and mychty lord, Robert Lord Erskin, 
on the ta part, and Williame Striuelyng of Glorat, kepar of the said Castale of Dun- 
bertane on the tother part, in maner efter folowmg ; videlicet ; The said William deli- 
uerit, the dai of the dait herof, to the said Robert Lord Erskin, the said Castale, wyth 
the geir and gudis vnderwrittin : In the first, in Sanct Patrikis Chapell, seituat within 
the said Castale, ane auld mess buk of perehement, ane tyne chaless, a chesabill of 
auld grene satene, ane alb, a stole, a fanone, a amet, twa towellis for the altar, a cor- 
porall, ane altar stane, a crowat : Item, in the said Chapell a mane myll : Item, in the 
Kyching of the said Castale a brandraich of irne : Item, in the Pantre of the said 
Castale, ane almore : Item, in the Hall of the said Castale, four burdis, wyth formis 
according to thaim : Item, in the Chalmer of Dess of the said Hall, a waist stand bed, 
wyth a waist press : Item, in the Sellar of Wallastoure, tua gamellis : Item, in the 
Mydhous of the said Wallastoure, a stand bed tvme : Item, in the Vuerhous of Walles- 
tour, a waist stand bed and a waist press : Item, on Wallastour hed, a bell : Item, at 
the entre of the said Wallastour, ane irne zet wyth a bar of irne : Item, in the Wynde- 
hall, a waist bed : Item, vnder the said Wyndehall, ane irne zet : The quhilkis geir 
and gudis abone expremit, the said Williame Striuelyng, kepar of the said Castale of 
Dunbertan forsaid, deliuerit to the said Robert Lord Erskin, as proper gudis pertenyng 
to our souerane lord, be resoun of keping of the said Castale : In witnes of the 
quhilk thing, to the part of thir Indentouris remanand with the said Robert Lord 
Erskin, the said William Striuelyng has affixt his sele ; and inlikwis, to the part of 
thir Indentouris remanand with the said William Striuelyng, the said Robert Lord 
Erskin has affixt his sele, dai, zer and place forsaid, befor thir witness, Robert Sympill 
of Foulwod, Dauid Fallusdell, Johne Elder, balzeis of the burgh of Dunbertane, Johne 
Robisone, Thomas Dowglas, and George Fallusdell, with vtheris diuers and mony. 



2 p 



294 KE1R PAPERS. [1510. 

Decree Arbitral between John Hamylton of Pardowy, John Logan of Gartconvel. 
and others, 8th November 1510. 

86. At Edinburgh the viii day of November the zeir of God I?"v c . and ten zeiris, We 
William Byschop of Abirdeen, Andro Byschop of Caithnes, Dauid Byschop of Ergile, 
George Postulat of the Ylis, Matho Erll of Levinax, and Master James Henrison of 
Stratonhall Justice Clerk till our souerane Lord ; jugis arbitouris and amicabill coni- 
positouris chosin to consider and modify quhat sovmes of money Johne Hammyltoun of 
Pardowy and the remanent personis vnderwrittin has debursat and expendit apoun 
Thomas Galbraith of BalMndrocht, for the alienacioun maid to thame be him of the 
landis efter following, that is to say, to the said John Hammylton five pund land of 
Blacharne, to Johne Logan of Gartconvel v £ land of BalMndrocht, to Vchrede Knox 
v £ land of Gawistoun, to Johne Stewart Brother to my lorde of Levinax v £ land of 
Kirkpennyland, to Johne Stewart of Blakhal v £ land of Kirkpennyland, to Peter 
Culc|uhone v nobillis worcht of land of Kirktoun, and to Alan Stewart v nobillis worcht 
of land of Bankell, and according to the qualitie thairof ilk ane to remane, etc. ; and als 
chosin to consider quhat suld be done to partiis havand interes in the said mater, like 
as is contenit in diuers actis and compromissis maid heirapon : We, havand considera- 
tion of the merits of the said caus, and the richtis of the partiis contenit, in the said 
compromiss be ws herd sene and vnderstand ; in the first, has considerit and fund that 
the saidis persounis has expendit and debursat for the said sex five pund land, the 
sovm of sex hundreith markis vsuall money of Scotland, apoun the said Thomas Gal- 
braith to his sustentatioun and expenses of tynies bigane ; and becaus the saidis per- 
sounis has nocht pait the avale of the said landis, and has takin vp the proffitt thairof, 
and has na confirmatiounis of the kingis grace thairapoun, we ordane thame to pay to 
our souerane lorde the sovm of nyne hundreith merkis for his confirrnatioun to be 
gevin to thame and his interes thairintill, to be appliit and disponit as plesis his hienes 
or his thesaurar ; And the part of the landis quhilk James Galbraith has to be fre to 
him in liverent, for expenses quhilk he has maid in the said mater, apoun the quhilkis 
landis euerie ilk ane of the saidis persounis sail, efferand to thair part, and efter the 
rate of the said sovmes, equaly mak reuersiounis in due forme to the said Thomas 
Galbraith and his airis, that quhat tyme he or thai [redemis] the saidis landis that 
thai sail geue full regress thairto, and [quhilk] reuersiounis salbe extendit in the 
largest forme ; And gif ony of the saidis persounis beis nocht content to pay the said 
new expenses, attour the said vi c markis, ony of the vtheris that plesis to be assignais 
to the said Thomas for the redemying of that part of the said landis, payand to the 



1510.] CHARTERS, ETC. 295 

kiugis grace the new expensis, and to the party that beis nocht content the aid expensis 
efter the rait of the land, the said Thomas havand reuersioun of thame that pais the 
said sovnies as efferis, efter the quantity and rate forsaid ; and that the breif of ydeotry 
quhilk is to be led on the said Thomas haue passage and be full seruit apoun him fra 
this day forwart, and he to be interdicit fra all maner of alienatioun of reuersionis 
landis or heretagis quhatsuineuer, with decrete irritant and publieatioun to be maid 
thairof be opin proclamatioun as efferis, with interpositioun of the lordis of Counsalis 
auctorite etc. And als we deliuer and ordane that the saidis persounis abufwritin 
sail amang tham content and pay to the said Thomas Galbraith zeirly, tuenti pundis 
to his sustentatioun for his lyfetyme, to be partit amang thaim, ilkain payand his 
part, according to the quantite of the landis that he has. And this oure sentence 
gevin and pronuncit at day and place forsaidis, and ordanis the samin to be registrait 
in the bukis of Counsale, and haif the effect of the decrete of the lordis of consale. 
Witnes present at the said pronunciatioun, William Erll of Montross, Schir Alexander 
Makcullocht, William Scot of Baluery knychtis, Master Johnne of Murray, and Robert 
Lausoun of Hieriggis with vtheris. 

Tenet hec copia cum principali, copiata et collacionata per me notarium publicum 

subscriptimi, nil addito aut diminuto, quod effectual mutaret vel substantiam 

variaret, teste manu propria hie me subscribendo. 

Willelmus Haliburtoun Notarius Publicus manu sua. 



Chabtee by Alexander Lord Hwyme to his beloved uncle, Adam Creichtoun of 
Rothwens, Knight, and Isabella Gray, his spouse, of the half lands of In- 
neralloun, 4th April 1510. 

87. Omnibus hanc cartam visuris vel audituris, Alexander Dominus Hwyme, Salutem in 
Domino sempiternam. Noueritis me concessisse, vendidisse, ac titulo pure venditionis 
alienasse, ac presenti carta mea confirmasse . . . dilecto auunculo nieo, Ade 
Creichtoun de Rothwens militi, et Esobelle Gray sue sponse, et eorum alteri diutius 
viuenti in coniuncta infeodatione, totam et integram dimeditatem omnium et singu- 
larum terrarum de Inneralloun, vnacum dimeditate molendini eiusdem, cum multuris, 
sequelis et terris molendinariis eiusdem, cum vniuersis pertinentiis earandern, jacentium 
infra vicecomitatum de Streueling et baroniam de Howyme, pro quadam certa pecunie 
summa michi per dictimi Adam premanibus persoluta in pecunia munerata, et in 
vsuni meiuu totaliter conuersa . . . Tenendas et habendas omnes et singulas 
dictas dimeditates omnium et singularum predictarum terrarum de Inneralloim 



296 KEIR PAPERS. [1513. 

de me et heredibus meis, in feodo et hereditate imperpetuum . . . Reddendo inde 
annuatim . . . vnum denarium vsualis nionete regni Scotie, in festo Penticostes, 
super solum dictarum terrarum, nomine albe firme, si petatur ... In cuius rei 
testimonium sigillum meum huic presenti carte mee est appensum, vnacum subscrip- 
tione mea manuali, apud Edinburgh, quarto die mensis Aprilis, anno domini millesimo 
quingentesimo decimo, coram hiis testibus, Patricio Heriot, Roberto Trumbul, Willelmo 
Creichtoun et Magistro Alexandre Dempstar. 



4*$^ 



Precept of Sasine by Alexander Lord Hume, Great Chamberlain of Scotland, for 
infefting Katherine Striueling and John Hume in the lands of Innerallone, 
11th June 1513. 

88. Alexander Dominus Hume, Magnus Camerarius Scotie, dilectis meis magistro Willelmo 
Sinclar, Willelmo Striueling, ac eorum cuilibet, coniunctim et diuisim, balliuis meis in 
hac parte specialiter constitutis, Salutem. Quia, pro speciali fauore quern habeo et 
gero erga dilectam meam Katrinam Striueling, filiam quondam Willelmi Striueling de 
Keir militis, et Johannem Hume meum filium, inter me et dictam Katrinam pro- 
creatum, et pro gratuitis et benemeritis michi per eos multipliciter impensis, dedi, 
concessi et confirmaui hereditarie, predicte Katrine in vitali redditu, pro toto tempore 
vite sue, et dicto Johanni Hume meo filio et heredibus hereditarie, totas et integras 
terras meas de Innerallone, cum molendino et pertinenciis earundem, jacentes infra 
vicecomitatum de Striueling prout in carta . . . desuper confecta plenius con- 
tinetur : Vobis igitur et vestrum cuilibet, precipio et firmiter mando quatenus, visis 
presentibus indilate statum sasinam et possessionem corporalem predictarum terrarum 
de Innerallone, cum molendino et pertinenciis earundem, predicte Katrine in vitali 
redditu, pro toto tempore vite sue, et dicto Johanni Hume in hereditate, secundum 
tenorem dicte carte mee quam de me inde habent, juste deliberetis et haberi faciatis 
sine dilatione, et hoc nullo modo omittatis. Ad quod faciendum, vobis et vestrum 
cuilibet, coniunctim et diuisim, balliuis meis in hac parte antedictis, meam plenariam 
et irreuocabilem tenore presentium committo potestatem. In cuius rei testimonium 
sigillum meum presentibus est appensum, vnacum subscriptione mea manuali, apud 
Edinburgh, vndecimo die mensis Junii, anno Domini millesimo quingentesimo decimo 
tertio. 

Alex. L. Hom. 



1513.] CHARTERS, ETC. 297 

Letter of Reversion by Walter Forestare of the Torwoude, Knight, to John of 
Striuelyng of the Keir, Knight, of the lands of Dachlewane, 18th July 1513. 

89. Till all and sindrie quham it efferis, quhais knaulage thir present letteris saltocuin, 
Walter Forestare of the Torwoude, knyoht, Greting in God euerlesting : Wittis zoure 
vniuersites, that albede ane honorable man and my gude sone in law, Johne of Striue- 
lyng of the Kere, knycht, has infefft me heretabli be chartir and saising, in all and 
hale his lanclis of Dachlewane, with thare pertinentis, lyand in my barony of the Kere, 
within the shirefdome of Perth, like as at mare lynth contenit in the said chartir and 
euidentis maide to me thareupone : Neuirtheless I will and grantis, and alsua lelely 
and treuly bindis and oblisis me rnyne airis and assignais, that quhat tyme or howsone 
it sail happiii the said Schir Johne of Striueling, or his airis male gottin of his body, 
tocum to the perich kirk of Striueling, and thare upone the hie altare of the samyne, 
and pais and contentis to me myne airis or assignais, the sovnie of twa hundreth niarkis 
gude and vsuale money of the kinrik of Scotland, in ane hale sovnie and togiddir, in 
money numerat and tauld, on ane day betuix the sone rising and the ganging to of 
that ilk ; neuertheles I the said Schir Waltir Forestare, myne airis or assignais, be the 
said Schir Johne of Striueling or his ayris male gottin of his body, to the ressate of the 
said sovnie of twa hundreth niarkis lauchfully warnit apone fourety dais of before, othir 
personaly or at oure duelling placis that beis for the tyme, in presens of ane notar and 
witnes as efferis, than and in continent I the said Schir Waltir myne ayris or assignais, 
quhilkis happinis, possessor of the saidis for the tyme, sail purly and simply resigne, 
renunce, quitclame, discharge and frely ouregif to the said Schir Johne of Striueling 
and his airis male gottin of his body as said is, all and hale the saidis landis of Dachle- 
wane with thare pertinentis, togiddir with all vthir euidentis maide thareupone, and 
with all rycht and clame, propirte and possessioun thareof be thir presentis. And gif 
it happinis me the said Schir Waltir Forestare of the Torwoude, knycht, myne airis or 
assignais fraudefully or wilfully to absent ws fra the ressate of the sovnie of twa hun- 
dreth markis in money forsaid, we beand lauchfully warnit as saide is, in that cais it 
salbe Mull to the said Schir Johne of Striueling of the Ker, knycht, or his airis male 
gottin of his body, to pas to the said altare and nmner and tell the said sounie, and put 
it in the handis of the Prouest or Baillies of the said burgh of Striueling that beis for 
the tyme, in sikkir and sure keping to the vtilite and proffet of me the said Walter 
myne airis or assignais, and the said Schir Johne and his airis male gottin of his 
body to haue full regies to the saidis landis but ony proces of law. In witnes of the 
cmhilk thing to thir my present letteris my sele is aflixit. with the subscriptione of my 



298 KEIK PAPERS. [1513. 

hand, at Edinburgh, the xviii day of July, the zere of God 1™ v? and tkrettene zeris, 
befor thir witnes, George Schaw of the Knokkill, Johne of Striueling, fadir brother to 
the said Schir Johne, Robert Smyth and Edwerd Spetale, with vthir diuers. 

Walt. Forst, w' ruy hand. 

Decree of Recognition against John Striuelyng of the Keir, of the lands of 
Lupno, etc. 12th May 1513. 

90. At Edinburgh, the xii day of Mali, the zer of God 1™ V c . and xiii zeris ; the Lordis of 
Counsale vndirwrittin, that is to say, ane maist reuerend fader in God, James Arche- 
bischop of Glasgw, ane noble and mychty lord, Williame Lord Borthuik, Maister 
Gawine Dunbar Archedene of Sanctandrois, Clerk of the Registre, Williame Scot 
of Baluerye knycht, and Robert Coluile of Vchiltre ; clecretis and deliueris that Schir 
Johnne Striueling of the Keir, knycht, and all vtheris, havand or traistand to have 
interes to the landis of Lupno, Dauchlewan and Raterne Striueling, vthire wayis callit 
the Cogis of Straithalloun, has tynt thar propirte and possessioun thareof, and decernis 
the samyn to pertene to oure souerane Lord, and to be disponit at his plesoure, as his 
propire landis in tyme to cum : Because the maist part of the saidis landis is analyt 
without licence, consent, or confirmatioun of oure said souerane Lord or his predices- 
souris, thai beand haldin of his Hienes immediately, be seruice of warde and releif ; and 
nochtwithstanding the chartoure of annexatione vnder the gret Seile producit be the 
said Schire Johnne Striueling ; because the said alienatioun wes maid before the said 
annexatioun, as wes vndirstand to the saidis Lordis. For the quhilk cause of aliena- 
tioun, the saidis landis war recognisit in oure souerane Lordis handis, and nocht lattin to 
borch the space of zer and day efter the said recognitioun being bipast. Oure Souerane 
Lord comperand be Maister James Henrisoune his aduocat ; the said Schir Johnne 
being personaly present, and al vtheris havand interes being summond oftimes callit 
and nocht comperit. Extractum de libro actorum per me Magistrum Gawinum Dumbar, 
Archidiaconum Sanctiandree, Clericum Rotulorum Registri ac Consilii S. D. N. Regis, 

sub meis signo et subscription manualibus. 

Gawinus Dunbar. 

Assignation by Marion Muschet to Patrick Buchquhannan of Lany, of her third 
and terce of the lands of Lany, 23rd November 1513. 

Jesus. Maria. 

91. Be it kend til all men be thir present lctteris, me Marioun Muschet, lady off the fule 



If)] 4.] CHARTERS, ETC. 299 

thryd of the landis off Lany, with their pertinens, till hafe maid, constitut and ordanit, 
and be thyr my present letteris maids, constitutis and ordanis ane honorabile man, 
Patryk Buchquhannan off Lany, my neuo, my veray lauchful assignay, intromet- 
towre, and factowr, in and to all and syndry the landis pertening to me off my thryd and 
ters off the landis off Lany, lyand within the stewartry off Menteth and shirefdome off 
Perth, and al and hail my ters off the landis off Ester and Wester Laydinurquharteis 
pertening to my part, indwryng all my leving dais in this warld, he sustenand me in 
met, drink and clath induring my lyftini. Gyffand and granttand to the forsaid Patrik 
my ful poware to hald cowrtis and here plantis, and thame to correk, and als to set and 
ras the sammyn landis, to put in and furth the tenentis and cottaris off the sammyn als 
oft as hym thinkis spedful, syklyk as he doys with his avyn landis, induryng my lyf- 
tyme. And thairatowr I the forsaid Marion grantis me be the tenour herof, to gyf to 
the said Patrik, al and hail my dettis that war awand me befor the making off thir pre- 
sent letteris, and als makis hym be the tenour herof my veray procuratowr indowtabile 
and irrewocabile, to ask and requir and lyft vp the sammyn dettis, the denyaris to 
summound and follow with rycht befor quhatsumeuer juge spirituale or temporale, and 
ther wyn and tyn off law, hald and to effek quhat euer he do thairinto now and for euer. 
In vitness heroff, becaus I haff nocht ane sel off myn awyn propir, I haf purchest with 
instans the sel off ane honorabile man, Walter Buchquhannan, at Lany the thre and 
twenty clay off the moneth off Nouember, the zere off God ane thowsand fyfe hundreth 
and thretene zeris, befor thir vitness, Patrik Buquhannan zoungar my neuo Donald 
M c Voklyth, Patrik Dow, Donald Reochsoun, Donald M c Gilmertyn, with diuers 
vtheris. 



Instrument of Division in favour of Alexander Lord Hume, of the lands of 
Innerallone, 3rd October 1514. 

92. In Dei Nomine Amen. Per hoc presens publicum instrumentum cunctis pateat eui- 
denter, quod anno Incarnationis Dominice millesimo quingentesimo decimo quarto 
mensis vero Octobris die tertia, Indictione secunda, Pontificatus sanctissimi in Christo 
patris et domini nostri, domini Leonis diuina prouidentia pape decimi, anno secundo: 
In plena et plana curia vicecomitatus de Striueling tenta in pretorio eiusdcm die pre- 
scripto, coram nobili et potenti domino Johanne Domino de Erskin, ac vicecomite de 
Striueling, meque notario publico et testibus subscriptis, personaliter in judicio com- 
paruit prouidus vir Andreas Mortoun, procurator et prolocutor nobilis et potentis 
domini Alesandri Domini Hume ac magni camerarii Scotie. Quiquidem Andi'eas 



300 KEIR PAPERS. [1514. 

procurator et prolocutor nomine et ex parte dicti domini, humiliter petiit et requisiuit 
a viceconiite antedicto, deseruitione cuiusdam breuis partitionis siue diuisionis capelle 
regie per ipsum dominum impetrati et dicto vicecomiti presentati, ac ad cruceni fori 
de Striueling per Wilelmum Quodquhen seriandum de Striueliug publice proclamati, 
deseruiendi fori in pretorio burgi de Striueling, die prescripto. Quodquideni breue 
dictus Johannes Dominus Erskin vicecomes recepit, et ibidem in curia perlegi fecit et 
suum officiarium seu seriandum in fenestra pretorie de Striueling, partem aduersam, si 
qua fuerat, pro suo jure et interesse in deseruitione dicti breuis ter per p>roclamatum pub- 
licum vocare fecit, nullaque parte aduersa comparente, idem Andreas prolocutor nomine 
quo supra ibidem in curia petiit et clamauit dimediam partem omnium et singularum 
terrarum de Innerallone, dimediem partem molendini earundem, cum pertinentiis 
jacentimn infra vicecomitatum de Striueling, et predicto domino pertinentem hereditarie. 
Et tunc dictus vicecomes eligere fecit condignam assisam ad hoc juratani pro deserui- 
tione dicti breuis partitionis siue diuisionis, videlicet, honorabiles viros, Duncanum 
Forestar de Gerden, Ninianum Setoun de Tulchfresale, Walterum Forestar de Torwod 
milites, Jacobum Edmonstoun de Bouehquhaderok, Arthurum Stewart de Culbege, 
Jacobum Spettale de Blair, Robertum More de Boquhopill, Richarduni Burne de Hill, 
Johannem Knok de Ardmanuel, Robertum Calender de Maner, Alexandi'um Lewing- 
stoun de Treuenteran, Robertum Bruyss de Auchinbowy, Thomam Somervel filium et 
beredem apperentem Dauid Somervel de Plane, Patricium Pardowin de Threty Akeris, 
et Walterum Sellar. Qua assisa supradicta, de curia remota, ac cum instructionibus 
juribus et allegationibus dicti Andree Mortoun prolocutoris bene avisata, in eadem curia 
reentrans, decreuit, inuenit et deliberauit quod dictus Alexander tenetur habere dime- 
diem omnium et singularum terrarum de Inneralloun, dimediem molendini earundem, 
dimediem domuum cum suis pertinentiis, secundum tenorem carte sue. Post quamquidem 
deliberationem, idem vicecomes, virtute sui officii, desuper sorte mittere fecit vt moris 
est in talibus fieri consuetum, quibus sortibus sic datis et proiectis, sors dicti domiui 
Alexandri Hume pro sua parte dictarum terrarum de Inneralloun, dimedia parte 
molendini earundem, cum pertinentiis cecidit super solem, videlicet le sonesyde. De et 
super quibus omnibus et singulis dictus Andreas Mortoun, prolocutor nomineque prefati 
Domini Hume, a me notario publico subscripto sibi fieri petiit vnum aut plura, publicum 
seu publica, instrumentum aut instrmnenta. Acta erant bee in pretorio prefati burgi 
de Striueling, bora prima post meridiem vel eocirca, sub anno, die, mense, indictione et 
pontificatu quibus supra. Presentibus ibidem prouidis viris videlicet, Alexandre Fo- 
restare de Bad, Johanne Neilsoun, Thoma Porterfeild, Henrico Stewart, Johanne Darow, 
Johanne Gentilman, Willelmo Burgess, Johanne Galloway, Roberto Fergussoun, 



1514.] CHAKTEKS, ETC. 301 

Donaldo Howat, seriandis, et Archibaldo Dawsoun, cum diuersis aliis ad premissa 
vocatis specialiter atque rogatis. 

Et ego Robertas Cunynghame olericus Sanctiandree diocesis publicus auctoritate 
apostolica notarius, Quia etc. 

ROBERTUS CtJNYNGHAME. 



Obligation by John Earl of Leuenax and Lord Dernlie, to infeft William Striuelyng 
of Gloret in the lands of Kepocb, 3rd February 1514. 

93. Be it kend till all men be tbir present letteris, ws Jobne, Erie of Leuenax and Lord 
Dernlie : That forsamekle as our traist cousyng and familiar seruitour, Williame 
Striuelyng of Gloret, has be his labouris, travellis, costis, and expensis, gotten and 
optenit to ws the Castale of Dunbertane ; and for his faithfull and thankfull seruice 
maid be hyni to ws in tymis bigane, and to be maid to ws for all the dais of his life : 
Thairfor we bynd and oblisis ws, be the faitht and treuth in our body, to the said 
William our seruitour, that we sail, God willing, within ane zer nixt efter the dai of 
the dait her of, infeft heretablie the said William, for the causis abone expremit, be 
charter and sesing in dew forme, in all and syndrie our landis of the Kepoch, extend- 
ing to fyve pund land of aulcl extent, wyth the pertinence, Hand in our erldome of the 
Leuenax, within the schirefdome of Dunbertane, fre, for a penne of blanchferme, to be 
haldin of ws and our airis ; and for the sekir infefting of the said William heretablie 
in the saidis fornemmit landis within the said zer, we sail caus apone our expensis my 
lady our moder to denud hir of Mr coniunctfeftment and rycht that scho has now of 
the saidis lands of Kepoch ; swa for the causis abone expremyt we sail caus the said 
William and his airis to be maid sovir and sekir in the saidis landis, but fraud or gile : 
And failzeing that we or our airis infeft nocht heretablie be charter and sesing, in the 
maist sekir wis that can be deuisit, the said William and his airis in the fornemmit 
landis of Kepoch in maner and kynd forsaid, we bynd and oblisis ws, faithtfully as said 
is, to content and pay to the said Williame within fourti dais nixt efter the out runnyng 
of the said zer, the sovme of fyve hundreth merkis of the gud and vsuale money of 
Scotland for the causis abone expremit, and for costis, scaithis, dammagis, and expensis 
sustenit and to be sustenit be the said Williame thairthrov : To the obseruyng, keping, 
and fulfillyng of all and syndre the premissis and euery part of it, we bind and oblisis 
ws faithtfully as said is, our airis executouris and assignis, our and thair landis, rentis, 
possessionis, gudis mouable and vnmouable, had and to be had within the kinrik of 
Scotland, to the said Williame Striuelyng, his airis and assignis, in the siekerest forme 



302 KEIK PAPERS. [1514. 

and stile of obligatione vsit or that can be maid, na renieid of law in the contrar to be 
proponit nor allegit but fraud or gile : In witnes of the quhilk thing to thir present 
letteris, subscriuit with our hand, our sele is amxt, at the burgh of Dunbertane, the 
third dai of the moneth of Februar, the zer of God E 1 v c - and fourtene zeris, befor thir 
witnes, Master James Stewart, Persone of Cardross, Master Robert Maxwell Persone 
of Tarboltoune, Patrik Maxwell of Newerk, Johne Sympill of Foulwod, Patrik 
Danzelstoune, and Anclro Stewart, with vtheris diuers. 




Grant by John Earl of Leuenax and Lord Dernle, to William Striuelyng of Gloret, to 
be Captain and Keeper of the Castle of Dunbertane, during his life, 6th February 
1514. 

94. Be it kend till all men be thir present letteris, ws Johne, Erie of Leuenax and Lord 
Dernle, till haf maid, constitut, and ordanit, and be the tenour of thir present letteris, 
inakis, constitutis, and ordanis our traist cousyng and familiar seruitour, Willianie 
Striuelyng of Gloret, our Capitane and Kepar of the Castale of Dunbertane induryng 
all the dais of his lif ; for his thankfull and faithfull seruice maid and to be maid be 
hyin to ws induryng his said lif tyme : Geiffand, grauntand, and conmiittand to our 
said Capitane and Kepar of the said Castale, our full plane powere and speciale 
licence to deput ordane and mak vnder hyme, eonstabillis, portaris, jevelleris, and 
wachmenc, and thaim to input and output at his will and emplesour, induryng all the 
dais and tyme of his said lif : And atour assignis and transferris to the said William 
our Capitane, the hale profit pertenyng to the keping of the said Castale, videlicet, 
landis, annuell rentis, fermis, gersummis, dewiteis, and dew seruice, with the wache- 
nieile of Kilpatrik, and all vthir thingis and profitis pertening to the keping of the said 
Castale : And mar atour we obles ws faithfully to the said Willianie, that quhar he 
or his seruitoui-is ar disobeyit in the payment getting of the malis, fermis, gersummis, 
annuell rentis, dewiteis, dew seruice, and wache meil, or in ony pairt of thaim, per- 
tenyng to the keping of the said Castale ; that we sal incontinent therefter inbring the 
samin wponc our expensis, to the utilite and profit of the said Williame, to the behuif 



1515.] CHARTERS, ETC. 303 

and proffit of the keping of the said Castale, als oft and how oft it beis haldin fra the 
said Williame ; and als sail do all diligence to get mair profit to the keping of the said 
Castale, at the Kingis handis, or the govcrnour of the realnie : And atom - has con- 
stitut and maid the said Williame our 13alze of all and hale the landis pertenyng to 
the keping of the said Castle, liand within the realme of Scotland ; geiffand and 
grauntand to our said bake, our full and plane power, all and syndrie court or courtis 
induryng all the dais of his said lif, to hald, set, efferme, and begin of the saidis 
landis, and thaim to prolong and continew as he sail think caus ; svytis to gar call ; 
trespassouris to punys ; vnlawes, eschetis, and amerciaments of the said courtis to 
vplift, rais, and tak to his vse and profit, and for thaim, geif neid beis, to poynd and 
distrenze ; all membris and officiaris of the said courtis, to chus, mak, and gar be 
suorne : The landis quhatsumeuer pertenyng to the keping of the said Castale, to set 
for maile, gersum. and ferine, as he sail think maist speidfull, for lang termis or 
schort : The men, tenentis, malaris, and cotaris, induellaris apone the saidis landis, 
thaim to input and out put of the saidis landis, at his will and implesour, and vtheris 
to input in the samyne as he sail think caus, induryng all the dais of his said lif : 
The men, tenentis, and inhabitantis within the saidis fornemmit landis, thar corne, 
catale, or vther gudis quhatsumeuer, attachit or arrestit, for quhatsumeuer caus, befor 
quhatsumeuer juge of law, to borow, replege, and hame bring to the fredomc and 
priuilege of our said courtis, eulraichis to fynd dais and places till partiis ; consigna- 
cioun for ministracione of justice to lymmit and set ; protestacionis to mak, and in- 
strumentis to rais : Perme and stabill haldand and for to hald all and quhatsumeuer 
tliingis the said "Williame, our Capitane and Baize forsaid, in our name ledis to be 
done : And this our letter to last and indure to the said Williame for all the dais of 
his lif, but fraud or gile : In witnes of the quhilk thing to thir present letteris, sub- 
scriuit with our hand, our sele is affixt, at Dunbertane, the sest dai of the monetht of 
Februar, the zer of Cod, l* 1 vl and fourtene zeris, befor thir witnes, Master James 
Stewart, Persone of Cardross, Master Robert Maxwell, Persone of Tarboltone, Patrick 
Maxwell of Neucrk, Johne Sympill of Foulwod, Johne Logane of Gartconwell, George 
Culquhen of the Gleyne, and Patrik Panzelstone, with vtheris diuers. 

Jhon Erl of Leuenax. 



Gift by King James V. to John Striueling of the Keir, of the nonentry of the half 
of the lands of Brekland Kinloch, 10th October 1515. 

95. James, be the grace of God King of Scottis, To all and sindry oure officiaris, liegis, 



304 KEIK PAPERS. [1515. 

and subditis, quham it efferis quhais knawlege thir oure letteris salcum, and in 
speciale to our Shireff of Perthe, and Stewart of Menteth, and thare deputis, Greting. 
Wit ze ws, with consent and avis of oure derrest cousing, and tutour, Joline, Duke 
of Albany &c. Protectour and Governour of oure Realnie, .and lordis componitoui'is, 
to haue gevin and grantit, and be thir oure letteris, gevis and grantis, to oure louit 
faniiliare knycht, Johnne Striueling of the Kere, and his assignais, ane or nia, all 
and hale, the males, proffitis, and dewiteis quhatsunieuer, of all and hale the halff of 
the landis of Brekland Kinloch, with the pertinentis, extending to fyve nierk land of 
auld extent, liand within the shireffdonie of Perthe, and Stewartry of Menteth, now 
being in oure handis and pertenyng to ws, throw nonentre of the richtius are or ayris 
of the samyn, of all zeris and ternies bigane that the saidis landis hes bene in the 
handis of ws, or oure predicessoris quhatsunieuer, be resoun forsaid, and of all ternies 
tocuni, that the saidis landis sail happin to be in ouris or oure successouris handis, 
and ay and qukill the entre of the richtius are or ayris tharof, and ay and quhill thai 
optene lauchfull state sesing and possessioun thareof. To be haldin and to be had, all 
and hale the saidis males, fermes, proffittis and dewiteis of the said halff landis of 
Brekland Kinloch, with the pertinentis, to the said Johne and assignais forsaidis, of 
all zeris and ternies bigane and tocum, as said is, with powere to thame to intromet 
and tak vp the samyn, and giff neyd beis, to poynd compell, and distrenze tharfor, efter 
the forme of law, and to occupy the saidis landis with thare avne gudis, or to sett thame 
to tennentis at thare avn plesour, with all and sindry commoditeis, fredomes, proffitis, 
esementis, and richtuis pertinentis pertenyng tharto quhatsunieuer, frelie, quietlie, wele, 
and in pece, but ony obstacle, impedimet or agane calling. Quharefor We charge 
straitly, and comandis zow all and sindry oure liegis and subditis forsaids, that nane 
of zow tak apon hand to niak ony impediment, let, or distrublance to the said Johne 
or his assignais forsaidis, in the peaceable possessioun, braking joising, intrometting 
and disponyng apoun the males, proffittis and dewiteis of the saidis landis, of the saidis 
termes bigane and tocum, during the tyme forsaid, efter the tenour of thir oure" letteris, 
vnder all pane and charge that efter may follow, and that ye oure Shireff and Stewart 
forsaid, and zour deputis, mak the said Johnne and his saidis assignais, be reddelie 
ansuerit and obeyt, of all the saidis males, fermes, proffitts, and dewiteis of termes 
bigane, and gif neyd beys, to poynd, compell, distrenze, and appris the saidis landis 
for the samyn, as efferis, be all termes and process of law, according to justice and 
vse in sic casis. Gevin vnder oure priue sele at Edinburgh, the tent day of October, 
xv zeris, and of oure regne the thryd zere. 



1515.] CHARTERS, ETC. 305 

Per Signaturam manibus dicti Domini gubernatoris et Dominorum coniponitorum 

subscriptam &c. 
xviii° Julij anno Domini &c. xviij" Per hanc literam allocatur Senescallo de 

Menteth de firmis terrarum de Brekland Kinloch lxvjl' xiii s . iiij 4 

H. Maie. 



Decree at the instance of John Striueling of the Keir, Knight, against John Kinross 
of Kippanross, 15th February 1515. 

96. At Edmbiu-gh the xv day of Februar the zere of God 1™ v° and xv zeris. The lordis 
of Counsale vnderwritin, that is to say, ane maist reuerend and reuerend faderis in God, 
James Archbischop of Glasgw, chancelar, Dauid Bischop of Galloway ; noble and 
michtie lordis, James Erie of Mortoun, Hew Erie of Eglintoun, Gilbert Erie of 
Cassillis, William Lord Borthuic, Patrik Lord Lindesay of the Byris, Jhone Lord 
Flemyng, Jhone Lord Simple, Maister Gawane Dunbar, Archidene of Sanct Androis, 
Clerk of Registri, and Williame Keith of Inuerrugy knycht : Anent the summondis maid 
at the instance of Jhone Striueling of the Keir, knicht, as air and successour of 
vmquhile Williame Striueling, sone and than apperand air of vniquhile Lucas Striueling 
of Ratherne, knicht, his grantschir, and als as air to vniquhile Williame Striueling of 
Keir knycht his fader, aganis Jhone Kinross of Kippanross, as air to vniquhile Jonet 
Kinross of Kippanross ; to warant, acquiet and defend to the said Jhone Striueling, 
all and sindry the landis of Lubnoch with the pertinentis, Hand in the lordschip of 
Strogartnay, within the schirefdome of Perth, eftir the tenour of the charter of aliena- 
cioun maid be the said vniquhile Jonet Kinross, with claus of warandice for hir and 
hir airis, to the said vmquhile Williame Striueling, grantschir to the said Jhone, and his 
airis, with vtheris bandis and euidentis thairupoun : Becaus the saidis landis of Lubnoch 
with the pertinentis war recognist in the handis of vmquhile oure souerane lord at last 
decessit, quhem God assolze, and decernit to pertene to his hienes for the alienacioun 
of the mare part thairof be the said Johne Kinross predecessouris, as at mare lenth is 
contenit in the decreit of propirty gevin tharewpoun, quharthrou the said Jhone of 
Striueling was put fra the propirty and possessioun of the saidis landis, lik as at mare 
lencht is contenit in the said summondis : Baith the saidis partijs being personaly 
present, thare richtis, resouns and allegaciouns, herd, sene and vnderstand, and 
tharewith being riplie avisit -. The Lordis of Counsell decretis and deliueris, that becaus 
the said landis of Lubnoch war gevin to the said Jhone Striueling for his said seruice 
and vther gud dedis done to the Kingis Graice tharefor be him, and the samyn ar in 



306 KEIK PAPERS. [1516. 

his handis ; Tharfor ordanis that the said Jhone of Kinross, as air forsaid, sail warant, 
acquiet and defend to the said Jhone Striueling of the Keir knycht, als mekle als gud 
land, Hand in als competent plaice, als frelie haldin and of als greit avale as the saidis 
landis of Lubnoch, heretabli be chartir and saising, and that letteris be direct to com- 
mand and charge him to niak the said warandice, betuix and the ferd day of Mali nixt 
tocum deuly as efferis ; and failzeing thareof sail content and pay to the said Jhone 
Striueling, the sowin of vi hundreth and fifty merkis, gud and vsuale money of Scot- 
land for the warandice of the saidis landis. Becaus it is vndirstand to the saidis 
Lordis that and he had componit with the King or his Thesaurar for the redemcioun 
of the saidis landis out of his handis, eftir that the dome of forfaltour was gevin that the 
componicioun for the samyn wald haue extendit to the said sowm of vi? and fifty 
merkis as said is ; and in that cais ordanis our souerane lordis letteris be direct to 
compell and distrenze the said Jhone Kinros, his landis and gudis for the said sowm as 
efferis, the day of the said warandice being run and by past. Extractum de libro acto- 
runi per me Magistrum G-awinum Dunbar Archidiaconum Sanctiandree, Clericmn Rotu- 
loriun Registri ac consilii supremi domini nostri Regis, sub meis signo et subscriptione 
manualibus. 

Gawinus Dunbar. 

Contract between Sir John Striueling of the Keire, Knight, and John Kinross 
of Kippanross, 10th April 1516. 

97. At St[rineling, the x] day of Aprile, the zeir of God I™ Y c . and xvi zeris. It is 
concordit and endit betuix honorabill men, Schir Johne Striueling of the Keire 
Knycht, one the ta part, and Johne Kinross of Kippanross one the tother part, as 
efter followis ; That forsamekill as the said Schir Johne has optenit ane decreit be 
the lordis of Counsale agains the said Johne of Kinross, that becaus the landis of 
Lupnocht Hand within the lordschipe of Stragartnay and shirefdome of Perth, was 
analiit be vmquhile Jonet Kinross to vmquhile Schir WiUiame StriueHng of Raterne 
Knycht, for certane sowmes of money, and thaireftcr war recognyst in the kingis handis 
and dome of propirtiis giffin thairapon, sua that the said Schir Johne was put fra the 
properte and possession thairof, and thairfor mycht nocht bruke the samyn efter the 
forme of the said Jonetis alienatioun, as was cleirly vnderstandin be the saidis lordis : 
That thairfor the said Johne Kinross, as air and successour to the said vmquhile Jonet, 
suld warrand, acquiet and defend to the said Schir Johne, as air and successour to 
the said vmquhile Schir Williame, als mekill als gude landis, als frely haldin, of als 



1516.] CHARTERS, ETC. 307 

grete avale, and in als competent place, as the saidis landis of Lupnocht, and suld 
infeft him heritabilly thairinto be charter and seysing, betuix and the ferd day of 
Maii nixt thaireftir, and failzaend thairof, the said Jolme suld content and pay to the 
said Schir Johne the sowme of sax hundreth and fyfty merkis for warrandise of the 
saidis landis ; becaus it was vnderstandin be the saidis Lordis that and the said Schir 
Johne had componit with the King or his Thesaurar for the redemtioun of the saidis 
landis out of his handis, efter that the dome of forfetour was giffin, that the composition 
for the samyn wald haue extendit to the said sowme of vi5 and fifty merkis, as at 
mair lenth is conteint in the said decreit giffin thairapon : Notchwithstanding the said 
Schir Johne movit of pete, and for the steid and afald part to be kepit to him be 
the said Johne of Kinross, and for the removing of all conuenciens fra the said Schir 
Johne his predecessouris or successouris, and thair sawlis heir and befor God, gif ony 
conuenciens be in the said mater, the said Schir Johne sail forgif and discharge, and 
be thir presentis forgiffis and dischargis the sowme of a hundreth pundis of the 
forenemmyt sowme of vi° and fifty merkis optenit for warrandise as said is, and the 
five hundreth merkis that restis of the said sowme to be pait be the said Johne to the 
said Schir Johne in fauorabill maner as efterfollowis, becaus the said Johne has nocht 
the said sovme redy in money, he sail infeft heritabilly the said Schir Johne and his 
airis be charter and seysing in all and hale his landis of Auchlochy with the per- 
tinens liand within the sherifdome of Perth, to be haldin of our souerane lord the 
Kingis grace, and the confirmatioun to be rasit thairapon to be one the said Schir 
Johnis expensis, or than sail resing the saidis landis purely and sympilly in the Kingis 
handis, or my Lord Gouernouris, in fauour of the said Schir Johne, quhilk as the said 
Schir Johne sail think maste souer : And als sail resing his hous and croft with the 
pertinens, callit the Spittell croft, and Merzonis akir at the brigend of Dunblane, the 
quhilk croft Jonet Striueling has in assedatioun, in the handis of the Bischope of 
Dunblane, or Balzeis of the Towne, as the said Schir Johne sail think maste expedient 
in fauour of the said Schir Johne in likewyse : And becaus the half of the saidis landis 
of Auchlochy ar wedset be the said Johne to Walter Stewart, vnder the reuersioun 
apone the sovme of a hundreth and ten merkis, that thairfor the said Johne sail deliuer 
and gif to the said Schir Johne the said reuersioun, togidder with ane sufficiant power 
and assignatioun to redeme and outquyte the said half landis apon the said sowme of 
a hundreth and ten merkis, quhilk sowme the said Schir Johne sail content and pay 
to the said Walter : Quhilk premisses beand clone, the said Schir Johne sail mak and 
deliuer to the said Johne ane sufficiand letter of reuersioun vnder his sele, that it sail 
be lefull to the said Johne and his airis to redeme and outquyte the forenemmit landis 



308 KEIR PAPEKS. [1516. 

of Auchlochy, hous, croft and akir, with thair pertinens apone xl dais warnying apone 
the sowme of sax hundreth and ten nierkis, to the end that the said Schir Johne sail be 
pait of the forenenmiit five hundreth nierkis restand of the vi? and fifty nierkis obtenit 
as said is, togidder with the hundreth and ten nierkis to be laid downe be the said Schir 
Johne for the redemptioun of the said half landis out of the handis of the said Walter, 
quliilk sowine of vi? and ten nierkis quhilk may redenie the saidis landis, hous and 
croft, to be pait in a sowine, hale and togidder, to the said Schir Johne or his airis, 
apone our Lady altar within the cathederall kirk of Dunblane, apon a day, betwix the 
sone rising and the ganging to of the saniyn, in gold and siluer vsuale money of the 
realme, havand course for the tyme, togidder with a sufficiand letter of tak for five zeris 
of the saidis landis, hous, croft and acre, to be brukit be the said Schir Johne and his 
airis forsaidis, efter the outquyting thairof, for fouretene merkis of male allanerly to 
be zeirly pait, endurand the said five zeris : Apone the quhilk reuersioun the said Schir 
Johne sail obtene letteris of regress, and deliuer the samyn to the said Johne and his 
ayris : And it sail nocht be lesum to the said Johne nor his airis to redeme nor out- 
quyte the saidis landis, bot with thair awne propir gudis, nor sail haue na power to 
mak assignais, ane or may, to outquyte nor redeme the sammyn : And the said Schir 
Johne sail mak ane letter of tak to Walter Stewart, of the half of the saidis landis 
of Auchlochy for the ternies of thre zeris, to be brukit be the said Walter efter the 
redemying of the sammyn, his entre begynnand the day of the outquyting, payand 
thairfor zeirly the sowine of iii pundis xiii schillingis and iiii penneis ilk zeir, at twa 
vsuall termes, Witsonday and Mertymes, be evenly portions alanerly : And als the said 
Johne of Kinross sail mak and deliuer to the said Schir Johne, his obligatioun vnder 
his sele, to warrand acquet and defend the saidis landis to the said Schir Johne and 
his airis, of all takkis that ony person or personis may ask or clame of the forsaidis 
landis of Auchlochy, exceppand the saidis thre zeris takkis to be kepit to the said 
Walter Stewart alanerly : And the said Schir Johne sail keipe nyne zeris takkis male 
fre to Jonet Striueling, of all and hale the hous croft and acre at the brigcnd of Dun- 
blane foresaid fra Witsonday to cum, efter the forme of the said Johnis letteris of tak 
maid to hir thairapon : And als the said Schir Johne quyteclamis and dischargis be 
thir presentis all obligations and bandis that he has of the said Johne Kinross befor 
the date heireof for nowe and euir, the premisses foresaidis beand obseruit and kepit : 
And to this pairt of this Indcntour remanand with the said Schir Johne Striueling, the 
said Johne Kinross has setto his sele, with his subscriptioun manuale, the x day of 
Aprile, the zeir of God abone writin, befor thir witnes, Walter Forster of the Torwod 
kuicht, Robert Callandar of the Maner, Wilzame of Striueling brother to the said Schir 



1516.] CHARTERS, ETC. 309 

Johne, Wilzanie of Kinross, Archbald Dausoune, and Edward Spetale notar publict. 
with vtheris diuers. 

John of Kynross, with my hand led at the pen be Edward 
Spetale, Notare Public. Ita est Edwardus Spetale. 

Tack by Henry, Abbot of Lindores, and the Convent thereof, to Sir John Strevelinge 
of the Keire, Knight, of the lands of Benee and Catkin, 16th September 1516. 

98. Be it kend till all men be thir present letteris, ws Henry throw the permissioun of 
God Abbot of Londoris, and the Convent of the sammyn, cheptourlie gadderit, 
with ane woice, consent and assent of oure haill cheiptoure, to hafe set and for maill 
lattin, and be the tennoure of thir our present letteris settis and for maill lattis, to 
ane rycht honorable man, Schire Johnne Strevelinge of the Keire knycht, all and 
haill oure landis of Benee and Catkin with thair pertinens, to giddir with the teynd 
schavis of the samyn, lyand within the scherefdome of Perth, and oure regalite of 
Londoris ; for all the dais and termes of nyntene zeris, nixt and immediat the entreice 
of the said Schir Johnne, quhilk salbe at the fest of Witsonday nixt and immediat 
the dait of this writ, and frathin forth to endure ay and quhill the said nyntene zeris 
be fullelie and togeddire completit and by rwn. To be haldin and had all and sindry 
the said landis of Benee and Catkin with thair pertinens, to giddire with the teynd 
schavis of the sammyn, to the said Schir Johnne his aris and subtennandis, ane or 
may, of ws and our successouris in malinge, as the said landis lyis in lyncht and in 
breid, be all and sindry rychthis markis, methis and dewisis, with fre yschay and 
entray, commwn pastoure, with all sindry wdire commodeteis, asiamentis, liberteis and 
profeittis to the said landis and tendis, pertenand, or rychthouslie may perten, ony 
maner of way, with full power to input and out put subtennandis, ane or may, in the 
said landis and teyndis, als ofte as is sene expedient to the said Schir Johnne and his 
airis, endurand the tym of nyntene zeris as said is. Payand thairfor zerlie the said 
Schir Johnne his airis and subtennandis ane or may, to ws our successouris and fac- 
touris, the sovm of twolfe pundis wsuale monee of Scotland, at twa wsualle termes in 
the zere, Witsonday and Mertimes in wynter, be evenlie portionis, to giddire with 
niultoure to our myll of all corns growand on our said landis, with harreage, careage 
deweteis and do seruice, als mekle and als ofte as say niony mark land of our landis 
of Feddaillis dois endurand the tyme forsaid. And atom gif it sail happin the said 
Schir Johnne his airis and subtennandis to failze in the payment of our said nxultour, 

harreage, careage and do seruice as said is, or in the payment of the Witsonday maill 

2b 



310 KEIK PAPERS. [1516, 

zerlie at Midsownier, and of Mertimes maile at Sanctandrois day at the ferrest, in thir 
caysis, or ony of thame, this our present assedatioun to be of nane awaill, bot expirit 
and adnult in the self, and we fre to dispone apon our said landis and teyndis without 
ony impediment of the said Schir Johnne his airis and subtennandis quhatsmneuer. 
And we the said Henry Abbot and Convent forsaid and our successouris, sail warand 
and aganis all deidle defend the saidis landis and tendis and this our present asseda- 
tioun, in all pontis and artielis as said is, to the said Schir Johnne his airis and subten- 
nandis forsaid, endurand the tyme of nyntene zeris all anerlie. In witnes heirofe to this 
our present assedatioun we hafe appensit oure commwn seill, at Londoris, the sastene 
day of September the zer o*f God l" 1 five hundreth and saxtene zeris, before thir witnes 
James Waulece, Robert Dmmmond and Schir Barnerd Merschall, with wderis diuers. 

Charter by King James V. to Isabella Cray, relict of the deceased Adam Creichtoune 
of Rothvenis, Knight, of the half lands of Inneralloun, 18th November 1516. 

99. Jacobus, Dei gracia Rex Scotorum, Omnibus probis hominibus tocius terre sue clericis 
et laicis, Salutem. Sciatis nos, cum auisamento, consensu, assensu, consiHo et auto- 
ritate carissimi consanguinei et tutoris nostri, Johannis Ducis Albanie, etc. regni nostri 
protectoris et gubematoris, dedisse, concessisse hereditarie, et hac presenti carta nostra 
eonfirmasse, dilecte nostre Isobelle Gray, relicte quondam Ade Creichtoune de Roth- 
venis militis, et heredibus suis, totam et integrant dimedietatem terrarmn de Inneral- 
loun, cum dimedietate molendini earundem, vnacum piscationibus earundem super 
aquas de Teth et Forth cum suis pertinentiis, jacentium infra vicecomitatum nostrum 
de Striueling. Quequidem dimedietates prefatarum terrarum et molendini cum per- 
tinentiis, fuerunt dicti quondam Ade et Isobelle prius hereditarie in coniuncta infeoda- 
tione, tente per ipsos in capite de quondam Alexandre Domino Hume, quiquidem 
Alexander tenuit huiusmodi immediate de nobis in capite, et nunc deuenerunt in ma- 
nibus nostris, et nobis pertinent ad voluntatem nostram, cum auisamento et consilio 
dicti nostri carissimi consanguinei et tutoris, disponende, racione forisfacture et eschaete 
dicti quondam Alexandri Domini Hume, qui de nonnullis proditorie tradicionis et 
nostre lese maiestatis criminibus conuictus erat, et pro eisdem justificatus ad mortem. 
Et quia nobis, dictoque consanguineo et tutori nostro carissimo, ac nostri consilii 
dominis, constat et est notum, quod dicta Isobella est innocens et expars criminum per 
dictum quondam Alexandrum dominum suum superiorem commissorum, pro quibus 
conuictus erat et justificatus ut premissum est : Nos igitur, cum auisamento et consilio 
prefati carissimi consanguinei et tutoris nostri, volumus et decernimus, quod forisfac- 



1.517.] CHAPTERS, ETC. 311 

tura dicti sui superioris non erit dampnum nee preiudichun dicte Isobelle, penes infeo- 
dationera quani de dictis dimedietatibus terranun et niolendini prius liabuit, niotiuo 
quorum, necnon pro certiis aliis racionabilibus considcracionibus nos, cum auisamento 
dicti nostri carissimi consanguinei et tutoris, dedimus huiusmodi dicte Isobelle here- 
ditaria de nouo ut predictimi est. Tenendas et habendas de nobis et suc- 
cessoribus nostris iu feodo et hereditate imperpetuum . . . Prouiso tamen, quod 
dicta Isobella et heredes sui facient inde annuatim nobis et successoribus nostris jura 
et seruicia nobis debita et consueta de dictis dimedietatibus terrarum et molendini 
cum pertinentiis ante dictani forisfacturam : In cuius rei testimonium huic present! 
carte nostre magnum sigillum nostriun apponi precepimus : Testibus, reuerendissinio 
reuerendisque in Cristo patribus, Jacobo Ai'cbiepiscopo Glasgucnsi Cancellario nostro, 
Dauid Episcopo Candidecase nostreque Capelle Regie Striuelingensis, Jacobo Episcopo 
Morauiensi ; dilectis consanguineis nostris Alexandro Comite de Huntlie Domino 
Baidzenach, Cobno Comite de Ergile Domino Campbell et Lome, Hugone Comite de 
Eglingtoun Doniiuo Montgomery ; venerabilibus in Cbristo patribus, Jobanne Priore 
ecclesie metropolitane Sanctiandree, Georgeo Abbate Monasterii nostri Sancte Crucis 
prope Edinburgh, nostri secreti sigilli custode, Patricio Abbate de Cambuskynneth 
Secretario nostro ; dilectis clericis nostris, Magistris Gawino Dunbar Arcliidiacono 
Sanctiandree nostrorum Rotuloruni Registri et Consilii Clerico, et Jacobo Ogiluy Ma- 
gistro Requestarum nostrarum, apud Edinburgh, decimo octauo die mensis Nouembris, 
anno Domini miilesimo quingentesimo decimo sexto, et regni nostri quarto. 

Charter of Confouiation by King James V. to John Striueling of Kere, Knight, 
of the half lands of Inneralloun, 26th March 1517. 

100. Jacobus, Dei gratia Rex Scotorum, Omnibus probis hominibus totius terre sue, clericis 
et laicis, Salutem. Sciatis nos, cum auisamento et consensu carissimi consanguinei et 
tutoris nostri, Joannis Ducis Albanie etc., regni nostri protectoris et gubernatoris, 
quandam cartam alienationis, factam per Isobellam Gray, dominant de Dud[op], dilecto 
nostro, Johanni Striueling de Kere niiliti, et heredibus suis, de tota et integra dimedie- 
tate terrarum de Inneralloun et molendino earandem, cum piscatiombus cisdem perti- 
nentibus et suis pertinentiis, jacentium infi-a vicecomitatum nostrum de Striueling, de 
nobis et successoribus nostris tenenda, de mandate nostro visani, lectam, inspectani et 
diligenter examinatam, sanam, integram, non rasam, non caneellatam, nee in aliqua 
sui parte suspectam, ad plenum intellexisse, sub hac forma : Omnibus banc cartam 
visuris vel audituris, Isobella Gray, relicta quondam Ade Creichtoune de Ruthvenis 



312 KEIE PAPfeKS. [1517. 

militis, Salutem in Domino senipiternam. Noueritis me, in mea viduitate, dedisse, 
concessisse, vendidisse ac titulo venditionis alienasse, et hac presenti carta mea pro 
perpetuo confirmasse . . . nobili viro, Johanni Striueling de Kere militi, suis 
heredibus et assignatis, totam et integram meam dimedietatem terraruni de Inner- 
alloun, ac dimedietatem molendini eiusdem, vnacurn piscationibus earundem super 
aquis de Teith et Forth, cum suis pertinentiis, jacentium infra vicecomitatum de 
Striueling, pro quadam certa summa pecunie vsualis monete Socie roichi, per prefatum 
Johannem Striueling de Kere militem pre manibus gratanter et integre persoluta, in 
pecunia numerata, et in vsum meum totaliter conuersa . . . Tenendam et haben- 
dam . . . a me et heredibus meis de supremo domino nostro Rege et suis suc- 
cessoribus in feodo et hereditate imperpetuum . . . Reddendo inde annuatim 
. seruicium debitum et consuetum ... In cuius rei testimonium sigillum 
meum huic presenti carte mee est appensum, vnacum subscriptione mea manuali, apud 
Edinburgh, dechno tercio die mensis Marcii, anno Domini millesimo quingentesimo 
decimo sexto, coram his testibus, Magistro Roberto Monorgund, Rectore de Essy, 
Domino Malcomo Mortymare, Willebno Striueling, et domino Waltero Sutherland 
capellano ac notario publico, cum diuersis aliis. Quamquidam cartam ac alienationem 
in eadem contentam, in omnibus suis punctis et articulis, condicionibus et modis ac 
circumstanciis suis quibuscunque, in omnibus et per omnia, forma pariter et effectu, 
approbamus, ratificamus, ac cum auisamento et consensu dicti nostri carissimi con- 
sanguinei et tutoris, pro nobis et successoribus nostris, pro perpetuo ut premissum est, 
confirmamus : Saluis nobis et successoribus nostris juribus et seruiciis de dictis terris 
cum pertinenciis ante presentem nostram confirmationem nobis debitis et consuetis : In 
cuius rei testimonium huic presenti carte nostre magnum sigillum nostrum apponi 
precepimus : Testibus, reuerendissimo reuerendisque in Christo patribus, Jacobo 
Archiepiscopo dasguensi, Cancellario nostro, Dauide Episcopo Candidecase nostreque 
Capelle Regie Striuelingensis, Jacobo Episcopo Morauiensi ; dilectis consanguineis nostris 
Alexandra Comite de Huntlie Domino Baidzenach, Golino Comite de Ergile Domino 
Campbell et Lome, Hugone Comite de Eglintoun Domino Montgomery ; venerabilibus 
in Christo patribus, Johanne Priore ecclesie metrcpolitane Sanctiandree, Georgeo 
Abbate Monasterii nostri Sancte Crucis prope Edinburgh, nostri secreti sigilli Custode, 
Patricio Abbate de Cambuskynneth, Secretario nostro, dilectis clericis nostris, Magistris 
Gawino Dunbar Archidiacono Sanctiandree, nostrorum rotulorum registri et consilii 
Clerico, et Jacobo Ogiluy, Rectore de Kinkell ac Commendatario monasterii de Dri- 
burgh : Apud Edinburgh, vicesimo sexto die mensis Blarcii, anno Domini millesimo 
quingentesimo decimo septimo, et regni nostri quarto. 



1517-18.] CHARTERS, ETC. 313 

Letter of Attorney by King James V. in favour of Margery Birsbane, spouse of 
William Striveling of Glorat, 20th April 1517. 

101. Jacobus Dei gracia Res Scotorum, omnibus probis honiinibus suis ad quos presentes 
litere peruenerint, Salutem : Sciatis quod suscepimus Jobannem Birsbane de Bis- 
cboptoun, Willelmum Flemyng de Bolghall, Walterum Striueling, Cuthbertum 
Montguniry, vel eorum aliquos vel aliquem, actornatos vel actornatum dilecte nostre 
Mariote Birsbane, sponse Willehni Striueling de Glorat, in omnibus negotiis et 
loquelis, placitis et querelis, motis seu mouendis ipsam Mariotam tangentibus seu 
tangere valentibus, quibuscunque diebus et locis, contra quoscunque, et coram qui- 
buscunque : Quare vobis precipimus et mandamus quatenus dictos Johannem, Willel- 
mum, Walterum, Cuthbertum, vel eorum aliquos vel aliquem, quos vel quern presentes 
vel presentem esse contigerit, tanquam actornatos vel actornatum dicte Mariote in 
premissis recipiatis : Presentibus post annum minime valituris : In cuius rei testi- 
monium has literas nostras sibi fieri fecimus patentes, apud Edinburgh, vicesimo die 
mensis Aprilis, anno regni nostri quarto. 

Actornatus pro Mariota Birsbane, etc. 

Indenture between John of Striueling of the Keer, Knight, and John of Kynross of 
Kippaneross, 15th March 1518. 

102. Thir Indenturis maid at Edinburgh, the xv day of March, the zere of God I 1 ? V. c and 
auchtene zeris, contenis, proportis and beris witnes in the self: That it is appoyntit, 
concordit and fmalie aggreit betuis honorable personis, Johne of Striueling of the Keer 
Knycht on the tane part, and Johne of Kynross of Kippaneross on the tether part, in 
maner, forme, and effect as eftir folowis, that is to say, That forsamekle as the said 
Johne of Kynross has ane summondis raisit aganis the said Schir Johne of Striueling, 
befoir the Lordis of our Souerane Lordis consale, for the retreting of ane act and 
decret gevin before thame, of the dait at Edinburgh, the xv day of Februar, the zeir of 
God I? V? and xv zeris, tuechin the warrandise of the landis of Lupnoch, lyand in 
the lordeschip of Strogartnay, -within the shirefdome of Perth ; and als the said Schir 
Johne has ane actioune dependand aganis the said Johne of Kynross anentis the 
warrandise of certane takkis of the landis of Auchlochy, lyand within the shirefdome 
foirsaid, analeit be him to the said Schir Johne with speciale warandise, the quhilkis 
takkis, and the said Schir John mycht haue brukit peciabli, eftir the forme of the 
saidis alienation and bandis of warandise, as vittalis has gevin in the zeris thairof, wald 



314 KEIE PAPERS. [1518. 

haue extendit be the space of the non warandise of the saniyne, and recouerit be Jonet 
of Druinniond, the relict of vmquhile Edinond of Cheseholm, befor the Stewart of 
Stratherne, be our said souerane Lordis letteris direct to him at hir instance tharcupone, 
to the sovme and avale of twa hundreth and fourscore of france crovnis, extending to 
ilk pece fourtene schillingis comptit be gude estimatioun : And for the vtilite and wele 
of baith the saidis partiis and cessing of pley the said Johne of Kynross is contentit to 
renunce and discharge, and be thir presentis renuncis and discharges the saidis sum- 
niondis raisit be him and actioun thareof, and that it sail neuer be lefull to him his 
ayris executouris, nor assignais, to intent nor persew the said actioun nor caus of 
retracioun of the forsaid decret of warandise gevin be the Lordis as said is, nor na part 
thareof, befor na juge nor jugis, spirituale nor temporale, in ony tymes tocum, and 
renuncis all remed of law ciuil and canoun, and ratifiis and appreuis the said decret in 
all poyntis, and articulis contenit thareintil, and sail neuer persew nor cum in the contrar 
thareof : And als the said Johne of Kynros, for him and his ayris in all tynie tocum, 
ratifiis and apprevis ane Instrument vndre the signe and subscriptioun manuale of 
Schir Johne Smert notcr public, of the dait, in Schir James Belchis chalmer in Dun- 
blane, the xv clay of December, the zere of Grod I* 1 four hundreth nynty and sevin 
zeris, oblisand and bindand vmquhile Alexander Kynros, fadir to the said Johne of 
Kynros, and als the said Johne of Kinros and thare airis, in manrent seruice and vthir 
sindry restrictionis, to wmquhilo Williame of Striueling of the Kere knycht, fadir to the 
said Schir Johne and his ayris, as is contenit in the samyn ; the quhilkis in all poyntis 
and articulis the said Johne of Kynros now of new, be thir presentis, ratifiis and 
apprevis, nochtwithstand that the said Schir Johne has be vtheris indentouris maid 
with the said Johne of Kinros, generalie dischargit him of all bandis and obligationis 
befor the dait thereof : And als the said Johne of Kinros, oblisis him his ayris execu- 
touris and assignais, to content and paye to the said Schir Johne his ayris executouris 
and assignais, the sovme of twa hundreth france crovnys of gold, at thir termes vndre 
writtin, that is to say, at the fest of Witsonday nixt folowing the dait of thir presentis, 
the sovme of fyffti france crovnys, and at the fest of Sanct Mertyne in winter nixt 
tharefter, vthir fyffti france crovnys, and at Witsonday nixt therefter fyffti france 
crovnys, and at the fest of Sanct Mertyne in winter nixt tharefter vthir fyffti france 
crovnys, in complet payment of the hale fornemmyt sovme of twa hundreth france 
crovnys, or ellis for ilk crovnc fouretene schillingis vsuale money of the reakne havand 
cours for the tyme : For the quhilkis renunciatioun, ratificationis, and payment of 
money at terms forsaid, the said Sir Johne sail discharge, and be thir presentis dis- 
chargis the said Johne of Kynros and his ayris, of the sovmes of money and panys 



1518.] CHARTERS, ETC. 315 

of all tynies bigane, that the said Schir Johne ruycht clanie apone him for the non- 
fulfilling of the said manrent and poyntis of Instrument to that effect forsaid, extending 
to the sovme of five hundreth pundis : And als the said Schir Johne now presently 
and of new, ratifiis and apprevis the remyt and discharg of the sovme of ane hundreth 
pundis remyttit to the said Johne of Kynros, contenit in ane vthir indentour maid 
betuix thame : And als the warrandis and skathis that the said Schir Johne has 
susteint throw the wanting of the saidis awailis and proffetis that he mycht haue had of 
the saidis landis of Auchlochy, and he had brukit and joisit the samyn as is befor 
specifi.it : And als the said Schir Johne reruyttis and dischargis the said Johne Kynross 
and his ayris, all costis and expensis that he has maid and sustenit in the persote of the 
premissis be ony maner of waye in ony tyme bigane : And als sail nocht with na person 
nor personis tak the said Johne of Kynros contrar part, anent the housis and croft of 
Spetalis crofft and Maryonis akir, bot sail supple, mantene and defend the samyn, als 
lang as thai ar in the saidis Schir Johne handis vnredemyt, and elikawis tharefter, gif 
thai sail happin to be outquit be the said Johne of Knross, sail help and assist to him 
thareintill insafer as he may of law : And atour sail tak the said Johne of Kynross 
afauld part, baith be his solistatioun and travell, to recouer his just querellis and actionis 
that he has to move aganis Wilzaine of Murray of Tulibardin knycht : And als the 
said Schir Johne is content, be the sicht and modificatioun of freindis, and efter the 
said Johne of Kynross gud bering to him, to do him plesour and fauour anentis the 
proffetis of the takkis contenit in the reuersioun maid be the said Johne of Striueling 
of the Kere knycht to the said Johne of Kynros, to be had efter the outquiting of the 
saidis landis of Auchlochy : And howbeit that the said reuersiotm contenis the sovme 
of sex hundreth ten merkis, the tane half of the saidis landis of Auchlochy as zit is in 
the handis of "Walter Stewart vnredemyt apone the sovme off ane hundreth and ten 
merkis ; tharefor the said Schir Johne is contentit to ressaue fra the said Johne of 
Kynros the sovme of five hundreth merkis and letter of assedatioun of the saidis landis 
of Auchlochy efter the outquitying of the samyne, and for the payment of the male 
nenimyt in the said reuersion, ony tyme betuix the dait hereof and the fest of Witson- 
day nixt tocum, beand lauchfully warnit thareto ; and in continent tharefter sail 
deliuer to the said Johne of Kinross all charteris and saisingis that he hes of the 
forsaidis landis of Auchlochy with thair pertinentis, togidder with the saidis Walter 
Stewartis reuersioun for the redemptioun of the half of the saidis landis, with ane 
letter of assignatioune maid to the said Schir Johne thareto, quhilkis reuersioun con- 
tenis the sovme of ane hundreth and ten merkis befor specifiit : And to the obseruing 
and keping of the premissis and euery poynt of the samyn, baith the saidis partiis for 



316 KEIR PAPERS. [1520. 

thame thair airis executouris and assignais, is bund and oblist be the faithis and 
trewthis in thare bodiis, the haly Ewwangelis tuechit, but fraud or gile : And atour is 
contentit that thir appoyntmentis and indentouris be put in forme of act in the buke of 
actis before the Lordis of oure Souerane Lordis Counsale, and thare decrete interponit 
thareto, and letteris of executorialis gif neid beis to be geven thareupone to compell as 
efferis, and als the sarnyne be actit in the officialis bukis of Louthyane and Dunblane 
for sure keping of the premissis vnder panis of cursing : And to the part of thir Inden- 
touris to reniane with athir of the saidis partiis, ather of thame has affixit thare propir 
selis, with the subscriptioune of thare handis, interchangeably day, zere and place for- 
said, befor thir witnes, Maister Robert Elphinstone Persoun of Kyncard in Nele, Schir 
William Elphinstone Persoune of Clat, Maister Abrahame Crechtoune Persone of our 
Lady Kirk of the Stele, Robert Callendar of the Maner, Vmfray Rollok of Duncrub, 
William Striueling and Edward Spetale Notar public with vthir diuers. 

John Kinross of Kippaneross, 
with my hand on the pen of Schir Johne Morisoune Notar Public. 
Ita est Johannes Morisoun Notarius publicus nianv propria. 

Pkecept of Sasine by John Earl of Lauenax and Lord Derrinle, for infefting John 
Striueling, as heir of George Striueling of Cragbernard, his father, in the lands 
of Estir Ballevin, 18th April 1520. 

103. Johannes Comes de Lauenax et Dominus Derrinle, dilectis nostris, Willelmo Lyndesay 
de Bullull, Alexandro Campbell, et Villelmo Bawquhane, ac eorum alteri, coniunctim 
et diuisim, balliuis nostris in hac parte specialiter constitutis, Salutem : Quia notum est 
et bene cognitum quod quondam Georgius Striueling de Cragbernard, pater Johannis 
Striueling, latoris presencium, obiit vltimo vestitus et sasitus, vt de feodo, ad pacem 
et iidem supremi domini nostri Regis, de omnibus et singulis terris de Estir Ballevin, 
cum pcrtinenciis, jacentibus in comitatu de Lauenax, infra vicecornitatuni de Dunber- 
tane ; et quod dictus Johannes Striueling est verus legittimus et propinquior heres 
eiusdem quondam Georgei Striueling, patris sui, de predictis terris cmn pertinenciis ; 
et quod est legittime etatis ; et quod dicte terre cum pertinenciis de nobis tenentur 
in capite, tanquam de domino superiore earundeni, pro seruicio debito et consueto : 
Vobis igitur et vestrum cuilibet, coniunctim et diuisim, firmiter precipimus et mandamus 
quatenus visis presentibus, indilate statum, possessionem corporalem, et sasinam here- 
ditariam omnium et singularum predictarum terrarum de Estir Ballevin, cum earundem 
pertinenciis, prefato Johanni Striueling, vel suo certo actornato latori presencium, per 



1522.] CHARTERS, ETC. 317 

deliberationem terre et lapidis, vt nioris est, juste haberi faciatis et deliberetis ; secun- 
dum tenorem antiqui infeodationis dicti quondam Georgei, quam idem Johannes 
Striueling inde habet ; et lioc nullo modo omittatis : Ad quod faciendum vobis et 
vestrum cuilibet, coniunctim et diuisim, nostram plenariam tenore presentium irreuoca- 
bilem committimus potestatem : In cuius rei testimonium sigillum nostrum presentibus 
est appensum, vnacum nostra subscriptione manuali, apud Glasgw, xviii" die mensis 
Aprilis, anno Domini millesimo quingentesimo vicesimo, coram his testibus, Allano 
Stuard de Cardonald, Johanne Logane de Gartconuall, et domino Jacobo Knox capel- 
lano, cum diuersis aliis testibus. Juox Erl of Leutnax. 



Notarial Instrument, attesting that James, Bishop of Dunblane, had erected nine 
Chaplainries in the Choir of his Cathedral Church into perpetual Chaplainries, 
14th May 1522. 

104. In Dei Nomine, Amen. Per hoc presens publicum Instrumentum cunctis pateat 
euidenter, quod anno Incarnationis Dominice M° Y c . vicesimo secundo, mensis vcro 
Maii die deeimoquarto, Indictione decima, Komana sede pastore carente, vt fertur 
infra regnum Scotie: In nostrum notariorum publicorum et testium subscriptorum 
presentia, personaliter constitutus reuerendus in Christo pater et dominus, dominus 
Jacobus, Dei et apostolice sedis gratia, Episcopus Dunblanensis, Decanus et Capitulum 
Dunblanenses, in capitulo eiusdem ibidem pro tempore capitulariter congregati ; Idem 
reuerendus pater, cmn consensu et assensu dicti sui capituli, preter eonsensum decani, 
erexit illas nouem capellanias chori dicte ecclesie cathedralis Dunblanensis in capellanias 
perpetuas, secundmn tenorem erectionis ibidem publice per ipsuni decanum perlecte : 
Et statim idem decanus et capitulum, dominum Thomam Watsone capellammi ydoneum 
dicto reuerendo patri, pro collatione seu institutione sibi danda de capellania prima de 
Keir infra dictum chorum sic vacante, presentarunt : Quibus factis, prefatus reuerendus 
pater, collationem ordinariam ymouerius institutionem, prefato domino Thome, secundum 
tenorem dicte erectionis, de prefata capellania contulit et donauit, curam, regimen et 
administrationem eiusdem sibi committens : Super quibus omnibus et singulis, idem 
reuerendus pater et prefatus dominus Thomas, a nobis notariis publicis subscriptis. sibi 
fieri petierunt instrumentum seu instrmnenta : Acta erant hec in dicto capitulo, hora vnde- 
cima ante meridiem vel eocirca, sub anno, mense, die et indictione quibus supra : Pre- 
sentibus ibidem venerabilibus viris, magistris et dominis, Willelmo Cheisholme, Vicario 
de Muthill, Georgio Wawane, Vicario de Dunsyar, Dionisio Bow, AVillelmo Andersone 
et Boberto Akinhed capellanis, testibus ad premissa vocatis pariterque rogatis. 

2 s 



318 KEIR PAPERS. [1522. 

Et ego Andreas Sym, presbyter Sanctiandree diocesis, sacra autoritate apostolica 
notarius publicus, etc. 
Andreas Sym, Pbr. 

Et ego Robertas Lerinonth, clericus Sanctiandree diocesis, publicus apostolica et 
imperiali autoritatibus notarius, etc. 
Robertus Lermonth. 

Et ego Jacobus Blakwod, presbyter Dunblanensis diocesis, publicus sacra auto- 
ritate apostolica notarius, etc. 
Jacobus Blakwod. 



Grant by James [Bethune], Archbishop of Glasgow, to John Striueling of the Keir, 
of the ward of the lands of Cadder, 15th September 1522. 

105. Be it kend till all men be thir present letteris, Ws, James be the mercy of God 
Archbischop of Glasgow, Chancelar of Scotland, etc. to haf sauld, assignit and dis- 
ponit, and be thir present letteris, sellis, assignis and disponis, to ane honorable man, 
Johne Striueling of the Keir Knycht, his airis and assignais ane or ma, the ward of all 
and sindry the landis of Cadder, with the tour, fortalice, maner place, mylne, multuris, 
medowis, steddis, woddis, and outsettis, with thair pertinence, Hand within our regalitie 
of Glasgow, and shirefdome of Lanark ; qukilk pertenit to vmquhill Andro Striueling 
of Cadder, heretablie haldin be him of ws, as Archbischop of Glasgow, in cheif, and 
now throw his decess being, and that sail happin to be, in our handis as superior thair- 
of, be ressoun of ward, with all malis, fermis, profittis, and deweteis of all the saidis 
ward landis and mylne, with thair pertinence, of all termes bygane and tocum, during 
all the tyme of the ward thairof. Togidder with the mariege of Janet Striueling, 
dochter and air of the said vmquhill Andro, with all profittis of hir mariege, and with 
powar to the said Johne, his airis and assignais, to dispoun thairapoun at thair pleysour, 
and apon the ward of the saidis landis and mylne, with thair pertinence, and to occupy 
the samyn in all or in pairt, with thair awine gudis, or to set thame to tennentis, as 
thai sail think maist expedient, with court and playnt of the saidis landis, herezeldis, 
bludewitis, merchietis of wemen, vnlawis, amerchiamentis and eschietis thairof, and all 
vtheris fredomis, priuelegis, proffitis, and deveteis, pertenyng, or richtiuslie ma perteyn 
thairto during the said ward, frelie, quietlie, weill and in peace, but ony impediment, 
reuocatioun, or agane calling quhatsumeuer. For the quhilkis ward and mariege we haf 
rasauit fra the said Johnne the sovme of tua thovsand fyf hundreth merkis in this 
wyss, that is to say, ane thousand merkis in rady vsuale money of Scotland in hand. 



1522.] CHARTERS, ETC. 319 

and be infeftment of the landis of Strowe and Balcarrus, with thar pertinence, in wadset, 
quhill fyftene hundreth merkis be compleitlie payit, and tharfor, we, our successoris 
airis, and executoris, sail warrand, acquiet, and defend to the said Johnne, his airis and 
assignais, the ward of all and sindrie the saidis landis of Cadder, with the tour, fortalice, 
maner place, mylne, multuris, woddis, medowis, steddis and out settis of the samyn, with 
thar pertinence, and all nialis and proffitis tharof during the tyme of the said ward, togid- 
der with the niariege of the said Jonet, as air forsaid, with all proffitis of hir rnariege, as 
said is, to be brukit and joisit be the said Johnne, his airis and assignais, in all and be 
all things, as is abone expremit, aganis all dedlie, but fraude or gyle. In witnes of the 
quhilk thing, to thir oure letteris, subscriuit with our hand, our sele is appensit, and 
to hungin, at Edinburgh, the fyftene da of September, the zere of God, ane thousand 
fyf hundreth tuenti and tua yeris, and of our consecratioun the zere, befor thir 
witnes, honorable and discrete personis, Walter Forester of the Torwod, Knycht, James 
Coluile of Vchiltre, Maister Abrahme Crichtoun, persoun of Wpsatlingtonn, Schir 
Andro Mcrschele, Chanone of Glasgow, Maister Robert Grahme, Chaplane, and Mais- 
ter Johnne Bellantyne, notar publict, with vtheris diuerss. 

Jacobus Glasgtjen Archiep? 

We Adam Colquhoun, Chanone, president for the tyme, and Cheptour wnderwrittin of 
Glasgow, eftir the sownd of the bell cheptorly gaderit in our cheptour hows, vpon 
Setterday the last of Februar, the forsaid zeir of God, that is to say, Walter Betoun, 
Dauid Dowgless, Johnne of Colquhoun, James Steward, and William Crechtoun, 
Chanonis, ratifyis and apprevis cheptorly, all and sindry the premissis in all thingis 
and be all thingis abone writtin, and geifis our consent heirto, and tharfore has with 
ilk ane of our handis subsciiuit the samyn, and has hungin to our commone sele, 
day, zeir, and place abone next writtin. 

Adam Colquhoun, Rector de Stobo. Johannes Colquhoun de Glesgow 2" s 

M. Walterus Betone, Rector de Gowan. Jacobus Steward, Rector de Torbolton. 
Dauid Douglas, Rector de Aer. V. Creychton, R. de Senchar. 



Gift by James [Bethune] Archbishop of Glasgow to John Striueling of the Keir, 
Knight, of the ward of the lands of Cadder, 14th October 1522. 

106. Be it kend till all men be thir present letteris, ws, James, be the mercie of God 
Archbischope of Glasgow, Chancelar of Scotland, &c. to haue said, assignit and 



320 KEIR PAPEKS. [1524. 

disponit. and be thir present letteris sellis, assignis, and disponis to ane honorable man 
and our weilbelufit Johnne Striueling of the Keir, knyeht, his airis and assignais, 
ane or ma, the ward of all and sindry the landis of the lardschip of Caddor, with the 
torn', fortalice, maner place, mylne, medowis, steddis, outsettis thairof and thair per- 
tinentis, hand within our barony of Glasgow, regalitie of ye sainin, and shirefdome of 
Lanerkj quhilk perteint to vmquhill Andro Striueling of Caddor heretabli, haldin be 
him of ws as Arehbischop of Glasgow in cheif, and now throw his decess, being and 
that sail happin to be in our handis as superior thairof, be ressoune of ward, with all 
malis, ferniis and profites of all the said ward landis and mylne with thair pertinentis, 
of all tennis bygane and toeum, during all the tynie of the ward thairof, and ay and 
quhill the lauchfull entre of the richtuis air or airis thairto, being of lauchfull aige, with 
the releif of the samin and nonentres, gif ony is or sail happin to be ; With powar to 
the said Johnne, his airis and assignais, to dispone thairon at thair pleysour, and to 
occupy the samin in all or in pairt, with thair awne gudis, or to set thame to tennentis, 
as thai sail think expedient, with courtis and playnt of all the saidis landis, herezeldis, 
vnlawis, amerciaments and eschetis thairof, and all vtheris fredomis, priuelegiis, pro- 
fittis, and deweteis, pertenyng or rychtiuslie ma pertene tharto during the said space, 
frely, quietly, wele and in pecc, but ony impediment revocatioun or aganecalling quhat- 
sumever. In witnes of the quhilk thing, to thir oure letteris, subscrivit with our 
hand, our sele is affixit, at Edinburgh, the fourtene day of October, the zere of God 
ane thowsand fyff hunclreth and twenti tua zeris, befor thir witnes, Maister Archibald 
Layng, Provest of Symple, Schir Andro Merschele, channon of Glasgow, Walter 
Forester of Torwod, Knyeht, Maister Abrahme Crichtoun, parsoun of Wpsatlingtouue, 
and Schir Williame Strogeth Chaplane, with vtheris diuers. 



)<2^^6^z^ effi 




Ratification by Gavin [Dunbar] Archbishop of Glasgow to John Striueling of the 
Keir, Knight, of the ward of the lands of Caddoure, 16th February 1524. 

107. We Gavyne be the mercy of God Archibischop of Glasgw ; considerand perfitlie that 
the maist reuerend fadir in God, James Archibischop of Sanct Androis, than of 
Glasgw, sauld and analyt to Johnne Striueling of Keir, Knyeht, the ward of all and 



1523.] CHARTERS, ETC. 321 

sindry the landis of Caddoure, with tenent and tenandry thairof, lyand within our 
regalite of Glasgw, than falland and mycht thaireftir happin to fall, quhill the entre 
of the rychtwis air thairto. And now we ar aduertist that Mariory Cunynghanie, 
lady of coniunctfee of ane pairt of thai landis, is decest, quharethrow we mycht be of 
aventure inducit to niak argument or truble agane the said Johnne anent the bruking 
of the profit of the said coniunctfe landis ; We, declarand our mynd thairin, will and 
grauntis that he brake and jois the ward of that coniunctfee landis peceablie, without 
ony impediement to be maid be ws, or ony vtheris in our name, according to his said 
gift, and gif neid beis of new, we, for ws and our successouris, gevis the ward of the 
said coniunctfee landis to the said Johnne, his airis and assignais, during the ward 
thairof, with all profit of the samin, and ay and quhill the entre of the rychtwis air 
thairto. In witness herof we haue subscriuit this writ with oure hand at Edinburgh, 
the xvi day of Februar, the zeir of God j') 1 v c . and tuenty foure zeiris, &c. 




Precept of Sasine by William Balfour of Buchopill, for infefting Walter Graham 
and Marjory Campbell in the lands of Drongy, 17th June 1523. 

108. Willelmus Balpoue de Buchopill, dilectis meis Dauid Menteth, Johanni Makclachlan, 
Beyo Mechelsoun, Macolmo Menteth, et ac eorum cuilibet, coniunctim et 

diuisim, balliuis meis in hac parte specialiter constitutis, Salutem. Quia concessi, 
vendidi et hereditarie alienaui honorabili viro, Waltero Grahame, fLlio quondam nobilis 
domini, Malizei Comitis de Menteth, et Mariorie Campbell sponse sue, ac eorum alteri 
diucius viuenti in coniuncta infeodacione, totas et integras meas quinque mercatas 
terrarum de Drongy, nuncupatas Gartinsalze et Blareholich, vna cum viginti quinque 
solidatis terrarum mearum de Bra de Buchquhopill, cum omnibus et singulis suis per- 
tinenciis, jacentes in senescallatu de Menteth infra vicecomitatum de Perth, prout in 
carta mea, dictis Waltero et Mariorie desuper confecta, plenius continetur. Vobis 
igitur, et vestrum cuilibet, coniunctim et diuisim, precipio et mando quatenus, visis 
presentibus, indilate statum possessionem corporalem et saisinam hereditariam totarum 
et integrarum predictarum .... terrarum . . . dictis Waltero Grahame 



322 KEIR PAPERS. [1523. 

et Mariorie spouse sue, vel suis certis actornatis latoribus presencimii, secundum teno- 
rem dicte carte, juste haberi faciatis et deliberetis, et hoc nullo modo ornittatis. Ad 
quod faciendum vobis, coniunctim et diuisim, meam plenariam tenore presencium 
irreuocabilem committo potestatem. In cuius rei testimonium sigillum meum presen- 
tibus est appensmn, vnacum subscriptione mea manuali, apud Striueling, decimo sep- 
timo die mensis Junii, anno Domini millesimo quingentesimo vicesimo tercio, coram 
hiis testibus, Alexandro Forestar, Preposito de Striueling, Alexandro Leuingstoun, et 
Jobanne Atkin, cum diuersis aliis. 

Wilzam Balfour with my hand on the pen. 

Gift by Colin Campbell of Auchinhowe to William Striuiling of G-lorat, of the ward 
of the lands of Branzait, 10th October 1523. 

109. Be it kend till all men be thyr present letteris, Me Colen Campbell of Auchinhowe, 
superior to the landis of the Branzait, grantis me till haf sauld and analiit to ane 
honorable man, Wilzem Striuiling of Glorat, the ward of the saidis landis of Branzait, 
wicht the pertinence, Hand in the erldome of Leuenas, within the shh'efdome of Dunber- 
tane, now beand in my handis as our lord of the samyne, be the decess of wmquhille 
Andro Striuiling of Cadder, my tennent of the saidis landis, for all the space, termis 
and tyme of the ward, and quhile the dochter be of lauchfull age, that is herator 
thairof, of the said wmquhile Andro is thairto ; and that for certane sowmis of money 
pait and to be pait be the said Wilzem to me thairfor, as the act maid in the officiall 
builk thairapoun proportis : To be halclin and to be had the ward of the saidis landis of 
Branzait wicht the pertinence, to the said Wilzem Striuiling, his airis executoris and 
assignais, for all the space and termis of the said ward, and quhile the said dochtir of 
Andro Striuiling be of lauchfull age : The entre of the said Wilzem in and to the saidis 
ward landis of Branzait began at the fest of Witsonday next befor the dai of the dait 
hereof, and till indur for all the space and tyme of the ward of the samyn : Turnand 
and transferand my hale richt, properte and possessione of the saidis ward landis of 
Branzait fra me and myn airis, in and to the said Wilzem, his airis executoris and 
assignais, induring all the tyme of the said ward, and quhile ye lauchfull age of that 
dochter tharto, as said is : With power to the said Wilzem, his airis executoris and 
assignais, induring the tyme of the said ward, to set the saidis landis of Branzait for 
male or ferine, to input tenentis and output tenentis, or labyour the samyn, and dispone 
thairapon, at thair will and emplesour, with full power of court halden, herezeldis, and 
gresummis vptaking, vnlawis and eschetis of the saidis cowrtis to thairto talk to his 



1524.] CHARTERS, ETC. 323 

behuyf and profet, induring all the tyme of the said ward : Swa that he or thai nia frelie 
dispone and do with the saidis ward landis, as thai ma do with thair awin propyr here- 
tage, induring all the tyme of the ward of the samyrxe : For the faithfull obseruyng 
of the premisis, I the said Colyne byndis and oblisis me, be the faicht and treucht in 
my body, myne airis, exeeutouris and assignais, to the said Wilzem Striuiling, his airis 
executouris or assignais, in ye sikkerest forme and stile of obligation that is vsit, or 
that can be maid, na remeid of law of canone nor ciuile in the contrar to be proponit 
nor allegit, but fraud or gile. In witness of the quhilk thing, to thir present letteris 
subscriuit with my hand, my sele is affixit at Glasgw, the tent dai of October, the zeir 
of God J™ Y° and twentie thre zeiris, befor thir witnes Schir Jhonne Bull, notar, 
Robert Striuiling brudir germein to the said Wilzem, and Wilzem Campbell. 

Collyn Campbell of Achynhowe. 1 

Bond of Manrent by Laurence Craufurd of Kilbarny, and Hew Crawfurd his son, to 
John Striueling of Keer, Knight, and James his son, 26th October 1524. 

110. Be it kend till all men be thir present letteris, Ws Laurence Craufurd of Kilbarny, and 
Hew Craufurd his sone and apperand air, with consent and assent of my fadar, now 
having the gyding of me in my nonaige, to be bunding and oblist to stand trew and 
affalcl freind to ane honorabill man, Johne Striueling of Keer knycht, and to James 
Striueling his sone and apperand air, and to do for thame in all thair gude and 
lesum actionis and querrellis, and the erar of the kyndes and allia standing betuix ws, 
and this our kyndes to enduir for athir of our lyftimis to the said Johne and James 
his sone : Heirfoir we bind and oblis ws, be the faithis and trewthis of gentill men, to 
gif thame our best counsale, and keip secreit all materis thai or athir of thame revelis 
to ws vndir traist, and to do for thame in thair gud and lesum actionis : In witnes of 
the quhilkis we haue subscriuit this writ with our handis, at Edinburgh, the xxvi day of 
Octobar, the zeir of God I? Y? and xxiiii zeris, befoir thir witnes, Cristofir Craufurd. 
Thomas Leyrmond, Robert Craufurd, and Schir Alexander Wilsone, with vtheris 
diuers. 

Laurens Craufurd. 

Hew Craufurd with my hand. 



1 'William Striueling of the Glorrat' assigned this Gift of Ward to 'Johne Striueling of the Keir 
' Knycht, Margaret Froster his spoils, thair airis executours and assignayis, ane or ma,' on the 1st of 
August 1525. [Keir Writs.] 



324 keir papers. [1524-25. 

Charter by John Earl of Levinax to John Striuiling of Keir, Knight, of the 
superiority of the lands of Bardowy, &c, last February 1524. 

111. Omnibus hanc cartani visuris vel audituris, Johannes Conies de Levinax, Dorninus 
Dernely, Saluteni in Domino sempiternam. Noueritis nos, ex certa scientia, vtilitate 
nostra vndique preuisa et considerata, vendidisse, alienasse, et hac present! carta nostra 
confinnasse . . . honorabili viro, Johanni Striuiling de Keir militi, hereditarie, 
Totam et integrani superioritatem nostram omnium et singularum terrarum subserip- 
tarum, videlicet, teiTarum de Bardowy, Barnellen, Barscaith, Estir Bankeir, Estir 
Fluchert, Birdstoun ; necnon terrarum de Balkindroch, Hawenstoun, Bauchquharn, le 
Boghous Bankell, le Kirktoun de Bothernok, cum jurepatronatu aduocacione et dona- 
cione rectorie eiusdem, Kincaid et Buchquharage ; Johanni Hammyltoun de Bardowy, 
in proprietate pro vna parte, et in tenendria pro alia parte spectantium et pertinentium, 
de nobis tanquam Comite de Levinax, per ipsum Johannem in capite tentium, aceciam 
superioritatem omnium et singularum aliarum terrarum et annuorum reddituum, quas 
et quos ipse Johannes de nobis, ut premittitur, in capite tenet . . . jacentium 
in dominio nostro de Levinax, et infra vicecomitatum de Dunbartane 
Tenendam et habendam . . . prefato Johanni Striuiling de Keir militi here- 
dibus suis et assignatis, a nobis et heredibus nostris, de supremo domino nostro Rege 
et suis successoribus, in feodo et hereditate imperpetuum . . . Reddendo inde 
annuatim . . . seruicia debita et consueta dicte superioritatis tantum 

In cuius rei testimonium, sigillum nostrum proprium huic presenti carte nostre est 

appensum, vnacum subscriptione nostra manuali, apud Edinburgh, die vltimo mensis 

Februarii, anno Domini millesimo quingentesimo vicesimo quarto, coram hiis testibus, 

Waltero Forestar de Torwod milite, Willelmo Striuiling de Glorat, Magistro Thoma 

Bannatyn, Willelmo Lumysdene, Colino Broun, et Jacobo Meldrum notario publico, 

cmn diuersis aliis. 

Jiion Erl of Leuenax. 

Grant by King James V. to John Earl of Lennox, to be Captain, Constable and 
Keeper of the Castle of Dumbartoun, 21st August 1525. 

Rex. 

112. We, with advice of our dearest mother the Queen, be thir our letters, makis, const!- 
tutis and ordanis, our trust cousing and counsillar, John Erie of Lenuox, Lord Darn- 
ley, &c, Captain, Constable, and Keeper of our Castle of Dumbartoun ; and committs 



1526.] CHARTERS, ETC. 325 

to him the rewill, giding, and keeping of the sanien, for the space of fyve years nixt 
to cum after the date of the day hereof, with power to him to make constables, deputs, 
garratours, javellers, watchmen, portours, and all other officers neidful under him 
for keeping of our said Castle, for the whilks he sail be haldin to answer : For the 
keeping of the whilk Castle, we give, grantis, and assignis be thir presentis to our 
said cousing, John Earle of Lennox, all lands, annuals, profits and dewties aught 
and wont therefor, and pertaining, or any ways may pertain thereto ; and sicklike 
as ony uthers, Captains of our said Castle, had for keeping thereof in times by gain : 
Charging heirfor the Captain, Constable, Keepers, and with haklers of our said 
Castle, and all other persons being therein, to deliver the samen, with all stuff being 
therein, pertaining to us, to our said cousin, Johne Earle of Lennox, or his factour, as 
yow, and ilkane of yow, will answer to us thereupon at your utter charge : Subscrivit 
with our hand, and under our signet, togidder with subscription of our said dearest 
moder, at Edinburgh, the xxi day of August, and of our reigne the eleventh year. 

James E. Margaret R. 



Gift by King James V. to John Striueling of the Keir, Knyght, of the sum of £600, 
due to the King by John Hamiltoun of Bardowy and others, 1526. 

113. James be the grace of God King of Scottis, To all and sindry oure officiaris, liegis and 

subditis, quhame it efferis, quhais knawlege thir our letteris salcum, Greting. Wit ze 

ws, with aids of the lordis of oure secrete eounsale, chosin thairto be the thre estatis 

of oure realme in parliament, to haue gevin and grauntit, and be thir our letteris, 

gevis and grauntis to oure louit familiar, Johnne Striueling of the Keir, knycht, 

his airis or assignais, ane or maa, for his gud and thankfull seruice done to ws, the 

sovme of sex hundreth pundis vsuall money, of oure realme, quhilk wes adiugit and 

decernit be vmquhile reuerend faderis in God, Williame Bischop of Abirdene, Andro 

Bischop of Cathines, Dauid Bischop of Ergile, George Postulat of the Bis, Matheu 

Erie of Levenax, and Mastir James Hendirsone, Jugis arbitrators and amicabill com- 

positouris, chosin to consider and modify quhat sovmes of money Johne Hammyltoun 

of Bardowy and the vtheris personis vnderwritin had debursit and expendit vpone 

vmquhile Thomas Galbraith of Balkyndrocht, for alienatioun maid be him to thame of 

the landis following ; to haue bene pait to vmquhile oure derrest fadir of gud mynd, 

quham God assolze, for his confirmatioun, to haue bene gevin apone the alienationis 

maid to thame be the said vmquhile Thomas, of the landis vndirwritin, and for his 

interes had thairintill, throu alienatioun of the saidis landis, without his confirmatioun 

2 T 



326 KEIR PAPERS. [1526. 

or consent ; that is to say, to the said Johne Hammyltoun, fyve pnnd land of Buch- 
quharne, to Johne Logane of Balvey, fyve pund land of Balkindrocht ; to 
Knox, fyve pund land of Hawinstoun ; to Johne Steward, broder of the said vmquhile 
Mathew Erie of Levynax, fywe pund land of Kirkpenny land ; to Johne Stewart of 
Blakhall, fyve pundis worth of the samyn Kirkpenny land ; to Petir Colquhone, fifty 
schilling worth of land of the Kirktoun ; and to Alane Stewart, fifty schilling worth of 
land of Bankell : The quhilk sovme of sex hundreth pundis now pertenis to ws, as 
air and successour to our said derrest fadir, to be pait be the personis abone writin, ilk 
ane of thame, eftir the rait of the landis forsaidis analyt to thanie be the said vmquhile 
Thomas ; that is to say, for ilk fyve pund land ane hundreth pundis, as at mair lenth 
in the decrete arbitrate gevin be the saidis arbitratouris mair fullely proportis. With 
power to the said Johne Striueling, his airis or assignais, ane or maa, to intromet and 
tak vp the said haill sovme of sex hundreth pundis, and gif neid be to convene and 
compell the saidis personis, thair airis, and executouris, be the law, to pay the samin, 
and to dispone thairone at his and thar plesour; and gif sa beis that ony of the saidis 
personis refusis to mak pament of thar part of the said haill sovme, eftir the rait of the 
landis forsaidis analyt to thame, according to the said decrete ; in that cace, we gif 
and assignis be thir presentis, to the said Johne Striueling, his airis and assignais, ane 
or maa forsaidis, the saidis landis, or samekle tharof, as the saidis personis to quhome 
thai war analyt, thar airis and assignais, possessouris of the samyn, refus to mak 
pament tharfor, of thar partis of the said sovme, and all rycht interes, titill and clame 
of rycht that our said derrest fader or we had, hes or onywis may haue tharto, throu 
the said alienatioun, or ony vthir wayis, and sail mak him, his airis or assignais, to be 
heretable infeft tharin be chartir and sesing alssone as the samin beis liquyd, and 
knawin quhat personis refusis to pay thare parte of the said haill sovme ; and als with 
power to the said Johne, his airis and assignais, giff thai pleis, to compone with the 
personis abone writin or thar airis, anent the sovmez abone writin ; and oure confirma- 
tioun to be gevin to thame vpoun the saidis alienationis according to the said decrete, 
fre, without ony vther componitioun. Attour, we discharge oure thesaurar, and all 
vther oure omciaris present and to cum, of all intrometting, asking and vptaking of 
the said haill sovme of sex hundreth pundis, or ony parte tharof, and of thare offices 
in that part be thir our letteris, chargcing stratlie, and commandis zou all and sindry 
our officiaris, liegis and subdittis forsaid that nane of zow tak vpoun hand to do or 
attempt ony thing in contrar this oure gift and assignatioun in ony wis in tyme curn- 
ing, vndir all hiest pane and charge that eftir may follow. Gevin vnder our Signete, 
and subscriuit with our hand, and with the maist part of the handis of the saidis lordis 



1526.] 



CHARTERS, ETC. 



of our Secrete Counsale, at Edinburgh the 
our Regime the xiij zere. 



day of 



327 

and of 




Licence by King James V. to John Striueling of Keir, Knight, to sell the superio- 
rity of the lands of Bardowe to James Hammiltoun of Fynnart, Knight, 28th 
January 1526. 

114. James be the grace of God King of Scottis, To all and syndry oure liegis and subditis 
quham it efferis, quhais knawlege thir oure letteris sail cum, Greting. Wit ze ws to 
haue gevin and granttit, and be thir oure letteris, gevis and grantis to oure louit, Johne 
Striueling of Keir, knycht, oure full consent, licence, and fredome, to analie, sell or 
wedsett to James Hammiltoun of Fynnart, knycht, heretablie, the superiorite of the 
landis of Bardowe, and certane vtheris landis pertening to Johne Hammiltoun of 
Bardowe in properte and tenandry, with thair pertinentis, to be haldin of ws, quhilkis 
wer haldin be the said Johne Hammiltoun of the said Johne Striueling, and haldin be 
him immediatlie of ws. Quhilk alienationn, selling or wedsetting, we will and ordanis, 
for ws and oure successores, salbe na hurt, dampnage, perell, skaith, nor caus of 
recognitioun nor foirfaltour to the said Johne Striueling, his airis nor assignais, nor 



328 KEIR PAPERS. [1526. 

to the said James Hamniiltoun liis airis nor assignais, or ony am of thaine, for the 

alienatioun, selling, or wedsetting of the said superiorite of the landis abone writtin, 

with thair pertinentis, in all or in part, as it pleissis to the said Johne Striueling, hot 

that the samyn be of als greit strenth, force and effect as it wer conferrnit vuder oure 

greit seill in the mair forme, without ony reuocatioun or ganecalling quhatsiuneuer. 

Gevin vnder oure priue sele, and subscriuit wicht oure hand, at Edinburgh, the twenty 

aucht day of Januare, the zeir of God, ane thowsand fyve hundreth tuenty sax zeiris, 

and of oure Regne the xiiii zeir. 

Jambs R. 

Litera Johannis Striueling de Keir, militis, etc. 

Obligation by James Hanuniltoun of Fynnart, Knight, to John of Striueling of the 
Keir, Knight, anent the lands of Perdowy, 8th February 1526. 

115. Be it kend till all men be thir present letteris, me James Hammiltoun of Fynnard, 
knycht, to be bundin and oblist, and be the faith and treuth in my body, lelely and 
treuly bindis and oblisis me, myne airis and assignais, to ane rycht honorable man, 
Johne of Striueling of the Kere knycht, his ayris and assignais, that forsamekile as the 
said Schir Johne has bundin and oblist him to infefft me heretabili, be plane chartir 
and alienatioune, in*ill and hale the landis of Perdowy, with the ile, towre, and loch of 
the samyn, the landis of Barnellen, Fleucherd, Blareskeyth, Bankere, Birdstoun, with the 
mylnis, outsatis, tennendis, tennandriis and seruice of fre tennentis of the samyn, except 
the tennandry of the landis of Balkyndrocht, with all the pertinentis of the samyne, that 
ar hald of the Lard of Perdowy, lyand in the Erledome of Leuenax, within the Schiref- 
dome of Dunbretane, to be haldin of oure souerane Lord for seruice aucht and wont ; 
quhilkis landis pertenis to me in superiorite, haldin immediatlie of oure souerane lord, 
and to Johne Hamyltoun of Perdowy and to his tennentis in propirte, the quhilkis 
landis he has bundin and oblist him, be the tenor of the said charter, to warand to me as 
efferis : Neuertheles becaus the said Johne of Striueling of the Kere knycht, optenit the 
saidis landis be alienatioun of w r mquhilc Johne Erie of Leuenax, than immediat tennend 
to the kingis grace of the samyne, I bind and oblis me myne airis and assignais, that 
gif it sail happin the saidis landis or ony parte tharof be recouerit fra ws in defalt of 
the Erie of Leuenax rycht, or gif it beis fundin in ony tymis cummyn that the said 
Erie had na rycht to the sammyn the tyme he analeit the saidis landis to the said 
Johne of Striueling, in that cais I renunce and dischargis the effect of the said claus 
of warandis contenit in the said chartir, and bindis and oblisis me neuyr to persew the 



1527.] CHARTERS, ETC. 329 

said Johne nor his airis for warandis of the saidis landis : And atoure I oblis me and 
niyne airis to defend assist and supple the said Johne of Striueling and his airis in the 
peciable brukin of the superiorite of the saidis landis of Ballindrocht, the lard of Per- 
dowy and his wassalis brukin the propirte of the samyn according to thare infefftmentis : 
And elikwis I sail nocht molest nor inquiet Williame Striueling of the Gloret nor his 
assignais in the peciable brukyn and disposition of the rycht of the mareage of the 
heritar of Perdowy, disponit be the said Johne of Striueling to the said William, be na 
rycht maid to me be vertu of the said alienatioun nor infefftment : To the observing and 
keping of the premisis and euery poynt thairof, I bind and oblis me faithfully myne 
ah-is and assignais, to the said Schir Johne of Striueling his airis and assignais, but 
fraud or gile. In witnes of the quhilk thing to thir my present letteris my sele is ap- 
pensit and to hungin, to gidder with the subscriptioun of my hand, at Perth, the aucht 
day of Februar, the zere of God ane thousand fife hundretht and tuenty sex zeris, 
befor thir witnes, George Douglas Master of Angus, Walter Forester of Garden 
knycht, Alexander Drummond of Erniore, Maister Abraham Crechtoun persoun of 
Chernsyd, and David Spetale notar public with vtheris diuers. 

James Hajiylton. 

Gift by Sir James Hammiltoun of Fynnart, Knight, to William Stirling of Glorat, 
of the office of Deputy-Constable and Keeper of the Castle of Dumbarton, 19th 
March 1527. 

116. Be it kend to all men be thir present letteris, me James Hammiltoun of Fynnart 
knycht, Capytane of the Castell of Dunbertane constitut be oure souerane lord for 
xix zeiris, and with powar to niak assignais, deputtis, and constabillis, and keipparis, 
garratoris, portaris, and officiaris tharein vnder me, as the letteris vnder his sele 
niaide to me thare vpone proportis ; to haif maid, constitut, and ordanit, and be thir 
present letteris niakis, constitutis, and ordanis ane honorabill man and my weilebelowit, 
Wilzem Stirling of Glorat, and his airis, my warray lawchfull and vndowtit deputis, 
constabillis, and keipparis of the said Castil and Fortalis of Dunbertane, and all the 
strenthis thareof, for all the dayis and termes of sevyntyne zeiris, nix and immediat 
followand the feist of Witsounday nix to cum eftir the day of the dait heirof, quhilk 
salbe his entre to the said offyce of constabulary and keipping of the said castell ; and 
thare efter to be vsit and brukit be hym and his airs ay and quhill the saidis 
sevyntyne zeiris be full and togidder compleit and out roune ; with all and syndry 
landis, annuell rentis, fischingis, malis, fermis, martis, seruice, profittis and dewiteis 



330 KE1E PAPERS. [1528. 

pertening or may perteing to the keipping of the said castell ; with court and plent of 
all the said landis and fyschingis and dewyteis, vnlawis, amercianientis and eschetis 
thare of to be taking wp and applyit to his awin wse and his aris, for thare lawbris 
and gude seruice to be downe to the kingis hienes and me in the premissis ; and with 
powar to sett and rais the said landis and fischingis, and the tenentis, inhabitoris thare 
of [efter] the vsche of thare termes to remuifs, input, out put, eik, and schenge als oft 
as he or his aris thinkis expedient during the said space ; and to mak and creat por- 
taris, garratoris, gevyllowris, and all vder offyciaris neidfull for keiping of the said 
castell and strenth, as he or his aris thinkis expedient durying the said space, for the 
quhilkis thai salbe halding to ansueir to the kingis grace and me ; and generaly all 
and syndry ony things to do excers and ws that to the offyce of constabulary and 
keiping of the said Castell ar knawin to pertein, and that I mycht do tharein my self 
be wertew of my commissioun as I wor personaly present ; and my aris sal warrant 
acquiett and defend to the said William and his aris, the said office of constabulary and 
keiping of the said castell, with all landis, annuell, fyschingis, rents, fermes, malis, 
profittis, and dewyteis pertenyng thare to, during the said sevyntyne zeiris, in all and 
be all thingis as is abowne expreniit, aganis all deidly as law will, but fraud or gyle : 
And is content to be ackit for fulfilling the samin to the said William in the offycialis 
bukis of Lowdeane, vnder the pane of cursing ; becaus he has contentit and payit to 
me for the samin, the sownie of thre hundreth pownddis vsuale mony of Scotland : 
In witnes of the quhilk thing to thir my letteris of constabulary and assedatione, sub- 
scriuit with my hand, my sele is aflLxit, at Lythgw, the xix day of monetht of Merche, 
the zeir of God l? 1 v'. and xxvii zeiris, in presence of thir witness, Schir Johne Stirling 
of Keer knycht, Matho Hammiltoun, Robert Hammiltoun of Letham, James Robesoun 
burges of Linlithgw, Johne Birsbane of the Mukcrauf, Peter Buntyne, Johne Leneax, 
and Robert Foullis notar publict, with vtheris diuers. 




Ratification by King James V. to John Stirueling of the Keir, Knight, as his 
heritable tenant in the lauds of Litill Cog, 27th May 1528. 

117. James be the grace of God King of Scottis, To all and sindrie our liegis and sub- 



1529.] CHARTERS, ETC. 331 

dittis quhani it efferis, quhais knawlage thir our letteris saltoeum, Greting : That 
forsaniekle as vmquhile William Stirueling of the Keir, knycht, father to Johne 
Stirueling of the Keir, knycht, sauld and analeit to vmquhile Mathew Forester of the 
Gunnerschaw, all and hale the landis of the Litill Cog and corn myln of the Coggis, 
than liand within the shirefdom of Perth, to be haldin of our predicessouris and thair 
successouris, kingis of Scotland ; and thaireftir vniquhile Walter Forester of Garden, 
knycht, neuoy and successour to the said vmquhile Mathew, for certane concedera- 
tionis moving him, hes maid and gevin to the said Johne Stirueling, ane letter of 
reuersioun vnder his propir sele, for redemptioun of the landis and milln forsaidis, as 
in the samyn at mar lincht is contenit : Tharfor, and for the gud and thankfull seruice 
done to ws be the said Johne, We grant and promittis be thir presentis to him and his 
aii-is contenit in the said letter of reuersioun, that quhat tyme or howsone he or tha 
redemis the saidis landis of Litill Cog, and milln of the Coggis, fra the airis of the said 
vmquhile Walter, or fra quhatsumeuer vtheris possessoris thairof for the tyme, efter 
the tenour of the said reuersioun ; quhilkis being fulfillit, than the said Johne and his 
airis redemaris thairof, sail haue full and fre regres and ingi'es in and to the saidis 
landis and myln, with the pertinentis. And than as now, and now as than, we 
ressaue, admittis, ratifeis, and appreves him and thani our heritable tennentis of the 
samyn, to be haldin of ws and our successouris, als frelie in tym to cum, and on the 
samyn natour and maner of haldin, as tha wer haldin be the said vmquhill William, 
befor the said alienatioiui, without ony reuocatioun, forfatour, eschet, skaith or perel 
quhatsumeuer to the said Johne or his airis thairthrow in ony tymes to cum. Gevin 
vnder our priue sele, and subscriuit with our hand, at Stirueling, the xxvii day of 
Maii, the zer of God I™ V. c xxviii zeris, and of our regne the xv zer. 

James R. 

Tack by James Sandelandis of Crewy to John Striueling of the Keir, Knight, of the 
lands of Brokland Kinlocht, 21st April 1529. 

118. Be it kend till all men be thir present letteris, me James Sandelandis of Crewy, To 
haue sett and for male lattin, and be thir presentis settis and for male lattis, to ane 
honorable man, Johne Striueling of the Keir knycht, and to his subtenentis, all and 
sindrie my five merk land of Brokland Kinlocht, with thair pertinentis, lyand in 
stewartry of Mcntheith and shirefdome of Perth, quhilk he now hes in maling, for all 
the space and termes of five zeris : The entre of the said Johne and his subtenneutis 
in and to the tak and assedatioun of my saidis landis of Brokland Kinlocht, at the fest 



332 KE1R PAPERS. [1529. 

of Witsounday uixttocum, efter the dait of thir present letteris, and fra thyne forth 
to be peciable broukit and joisit be tham enduring the said space of five zeris, in 
housis, pasturis, ruvre, mos, medow, wod, and with powar to furth and iniput subten- 
nentis and bowmen, and cottaris, as thai sal think expedient. The said Johne and 
his subtenentis payand thairfor zerlie to me ten merkis maill, to be payit at the tua 
vsuale termes in the zeir, Witsounday and Mertymes in winter, be ewinlie proportionis 
allanerly, quhilk males, gif thai pay nocht within xx dayis efter ilk terme, this present 
letter of tak to be exjoirit. And I forsuith the said James, the tak and assedatioun of 
my saidis landis of Brokland, to the saidis Johne and his subtenentis, induring the 
said space of five zeris, sail warrant, acquiet and defend as law will. In witnes of 
quhilkis to thir present letteris subscriuit with my hand, my sele proper is affixit, at 
Nework, the xxi day of Aprile, the zeir of God I™ V? tuenty nyne zeris, befoir thir 
witnes, Andro Striueling, Dauid Scot, William Huchone, Johne M c Gilroy, and Wil- 
liam Persone, with vtheris diuers. 

Jambs Sandelandis oif Crowy, etc. 

Gkant by King James V. to John Striueling of Keir, Knight, of the marriage of 
Jonet Striueling, heiress of Cadder, 22nd July 1529. 

119. James, be the grace of God, King of Scottis, To all and sindry our lieges and 
subditis qukam it efferis, quhais knaulege thir oure letteris salcum, Greting : Wit ze 
Ws, with consent and auis of owre Thesaurare, to haue gevin and grantit, and be 
thir oure letteris, gevis and grantis to otire louit Johnne Striueling of Keir, knycht, 
his airis and assignais, ane or ma, the mariage of Jonet Striueling, dochter and aire of 
vmquhile Andro Striueling of Caddar, pertenyng or sal happin to pertene to ws, be 
ony maner of way, and failzeing of hir be deceis vnmariit, the mariage of ony vthir air 
or airis, maill or fame], that sail happin to succeid to the said vmquhile Andro in his 
heretagc, with all profittis of the said mariage : To be haldin, and to be had, the said 
mariage, with all profiittis tharof, to the said Johnne, his airis and assignais forsaidis, 
with all and sindry commoditeis, fredomes, profiittis, and richtuis pertinentis quhat- 
sumeuer, pertenying or richtuisly may pertene tharto ; with full power to the said Schir 
Johnne, his airis and assignais, to dispone apoun the said mariage as thai sail think 
expedient, frelie, quietlie, weill, and in peace, without ony impediment, revocatioun or 
aganecalling quhatsumeuir : Quharfore We charge straitlie and commandis zou, all and 
sindry our liegis and subditis forsaidis, that nane of zou tak apoun hand to mak ony 
impediment, lett, or distrublance to the said Johnne, his airis and assignais forsaidis, in 
the peaceable brouking, joising, intrometting and disponyng apoun the said mariage, 



1531..] CHARTERS, ETC. 333 

and all proffittis of the samyne, eftir the tennour of thir our letteris, and vnder all pane 
and charge that eftir may follow. Gevin under our priue sele, at Edinburgh, the xxij 
day of Julij, the zeir of God, I? Y". xxix zeiris, and of our regne the xvj zeir. 
Per signaturam manibus S. D. N. Regis et thesaurarij subscriptam. 



Charter by John Striueling of Keir, Knight, to Mr. Adam Ottirburne of Auld- 
hame, of the lands of Balqubumry, &c, 1531. 

120. Omnibus hane cartam visuris vel audituris, Johannes Striueling de Kere miles, Salutem 
in Domino sempiternam. Noueritis me, non vi aut metu ductum, nee errore lapsum, 
seu dolo circiunuentum, sed mea mera, pura, libera, et spontanea voluntate, vtilitateque 
mea vndique preuisa et pensata, concessisse, vendidisse, alienasse, et hac presenti carta 
mea confirmasse . . . egregio viro, Magistro Ade Ottirburne de Auldhame, Pre- 
posito de Edinburgh, ac supremi domini nostri Regis aduocato, omnes et singulas 
terras meas de Balquhumry et Arnettis croft, cum tenentibus, tenandriis, ac libere 
tenentium seruitiis earundem, et suis pertinenciis, jacentes in baronia et dominio de 
Leslie, infra vicecomitatum de Fiff; pro quadam certa summa pecunie michi, in mea 
vrgenti et cognita necessitate, pre manibus per dictum magistrum Adam gratanter et 
integre persoluta, et in vsum meum totaliter conuersa ; de qua teneo me bene contentum, 
plenarie et integre persolutum, dictumque magistrum Adam, heredes suos, executores 
et assignatos, de eadem quietos clamo et exonero, tenore presentis carte mee, imper- 
petuum. Tenendas et habendas omnes et singulas prefatas terras . . . dicto 
magistro Ade Ottirburne et heredibus suis ac assignatis, a me heredibus meis et assig- 
natas, de nobili et prepotenti domino, Georgio Comite de Rothes Domino Leslie, et 
heredibus suis, dominis et baronibus de Leslie, imperpetuum . . . Reddendo 
inde annuatim, dictus Magister Adam heredes sui et assignati, prefato Georgio Comiti 
de Rothes et heredibus suis, dominis et baronibus de Leslie denario super solo 

dictarum terrarum, in die festi Penthecostes, nomine albefirme, si petatur tantum 
. In cuius rei testimonium sigillum meum, vnacum mea subscriptione manuali, 
presentibus est appensum, apud die mensis anno Domini millesimo quingen- 

tesimo tricesimo primo, coram his testibns 

Jhone Striueling of the Kere with my hand. 



2 v 



334 KETR PAPERS. [1531. 

Instrument of Renunciation by James Hanimiltoune of Fynnart, Knight, of the 
non-entry and ward of the lands of Crukisfee, &c, in the hands of King- 
James V., 28th April 1531. 

121 . In Dei Nomine, Amen : Per hoc presens publicum instrumentum cunctis pateat 
euidenter et sit notum, quod anno Incarnacionis Dominice millesimo quingentesimo 
tricesimo primo, mensis vero Aprilis die vigesimo octauo, indictione quarta, pontificatus 
sanctissimi in Christo patris et domiiii nostri, domini Cleinentis diuina prouidentia 
pape septimi, anno octauo : In mei notarii publici et testium subscriptorum presentia, 
personaliter constitutus nobilis vir, Jacobus Hammiltoune de Fynnart miles, omnibus 
melioribus modis via forma et jure quibus melius et efficatius de jure potuit et debuit, 
potestque et debet, sponte, libere, et ex sua certa scientia, pure et simpliciter ciun 
pariter et eiFectu renunciauit, resignauit, et extradonauit, prout tenore presentis 
publici iustrumenti, pureque et simpliciter renunciat, resigna.t, et extradonat, in ma- 
nibus excellentissimi principis, Jacobi quinti Scotorum Regis illustrissimi, nonintroi- 
tum et wardam omnium et singularum terrarum de Crukisfee et Inchechynnane, 
Scottistoun, et Dargawaill, tarn proprietatis quam tenandriarum, cum fortaliciis, pis- 
cariis, molendinis, multuris, aduocationibus ecclesiarum et capellaniarum earundem, 
cum pertinentiis, jacentium infra vicecomitatum cle Renfrow ; exceptis tenandriis 
Johanni Domino Erskyn, et Roberto Stewart de Mynto pertinentibus, cum reliuio dic- 
tarum terrarum : Neenon renunciauit et extradonauit in manibus dicti excellentissimi 
principis, maritagium Mathei Comitis de Leuenax, filii et heredis quondam Johannis 
Comitis de Leuenax, seu cuiuscunque alterius heredis, masculi aut femine, dicto 
Johanni in suo hereditate succedentis, dicto Jacobo, ex donatione seu donationibus 
dicti excellentissimi principis, sibi quocunque alio modo pertinentem et spectantem, 
cum omni alio jure et interesse quod idem Jacobus habet aut habere potuit, in et 
ad dictas terras, firmas, proficua, et deuoria earundem, in fauorem nobilis domini, 
Mathei Comitis de Leuenax, suorum heredum et assignatormn, pro noua donatione 
premissorum ipsis danda per dictum excellentissimum principem : Insuper, idem 
Jacobus renunciauit, resignauit, et extradonauit, prout tenore presentis instrument 
renunciat et extradonat pure et simpliciter in manibus eiusdem excellentissimi princi- 
pis, officium Custodie siue Capitanei Castri de Dunbertane, cum feodis et emoluments 
et proficuis eidem incumbentibus, per donationem Regis, aut alias quouismodo sibi 
spectantibus, in fauorem dicti Mathei Comitis de Leuenax, suorum heredum et assigna- 
torum, pro noua donatione ipsis concedenda ; reseruata tamen assedatione Capitanei 
siue Custodie dicti Castri, emolumentorum et proficuorum eidem pertinenthim, honora- 



1531.] CHARTERS, ETC. 335 

bili viro, Willelnio Striueling de Glorat, pro omnibus et singulis terminis in dicta sua 
assedatione contentis, ac secundum formaui et tenorem eiusdem : Super quibus omni- 
bus et singulis dictus Matheus Comes, et prefatus Willelmus Striueling, petierunt et 
quilibet illorum petiit instrumentum et instrumenta, publicum et publica : Acta erant 
hec apud palatimn regium monasterii Sancte Crucis prope burgum de Edinburgh 
scituatam, in camera regia interiore dicti monasterii, horam circa nouenam ante me- 
ridiem, sub anno, mense, die, indictione, et pontificatu quibus supra : Presentibus 
ibidem, reuerendo in Christo patre, Andrea miseratione diuina Episcopo Cathanensi, 
venerabili in Christo patre, Jaeobo Abbate de Dryburgh, Willelnio Wod de Bonyng- 
toun, Willelmo Hammiltoun de Sanquhar, Georgio Steill, et Willelnio Cuthery, cum 
diuersis aliis testibus ad premissa vocatis specialiterque rogatis. 

Et ego Willelmus Wychtman, artium magister, clericus Sanctiandree diocesis, 
sacra auctoritate apostolica notarius : Quia etc. 
M. Willelmus Wychtman notarius publicus. 

Act of Caution before the Royal Justices by William Striueling of Glorat, 

23rd October 1531. 

122. In Curia Itineris Justiciarie Supremi Domini Nostri Regis, tenta et inchoata apud 
burgum de Dunbertane, die Lune, xxiii die niensis Octobris, anno Domini millesimo 
quingentesimo trigesimo primo, coram nobili et potenti domino, Johanne Domino 
Erskyne, et Johanne Campbell de Lundy milite, Justiciariis supremi domini nostri 
Regis, coniunctim et diuisim, in absencia nobilis et potentis domini, Archibaldi Comitis 
Ergadie, Domini Campbell et Lome, Justiciarii Generalis supremi domini nostri Regis ; 
comparuit in judicio coram dicto Justiciario, Willelmus Striueling de Glorat, prout 
alias indietatus seu arrestatus extiterat, et per rotulos regios calumpniatus fuit, de arte 
et parte oppressions facte Willelmo Edmonstoune de Duntreicht, in intromissione et 
detencione ab eo sui loci de Duntreicht, pomariorum, siluaruni, pratorum, et lie wardis 
eiusdem, per spatium trium amiormn, sine aliquo juris titulo ; pro quaquidem actione 
et calumpnia prefatus Willelmus Striueling cepit se ad respectuacionem supremi do- 
mini nostri Regis ; et inuenit Johannem Striueling de Cragbernard et seipsmn plegios, 
coniunctim et diuisim, ad satisfaciendum partibus de eo juste conquerentibus, secundum 
formam juris : Datum et extractum de libro adiornalis supremi domini nostri Regis, 
per me Nicholaum Craufurd de Oxgangis, Clericum Justiciarie eiusdem generalem, 
sub nieis signo et subscriptione manualibus. 

Nicholaus Ckaufued, Clericus Justiciarie. 



336 



KEIR PAPERS. 



[1531. 



Renunciation by Alexander [Stewart] Bishop of Murray, as Cominendator of Scone, 
to John Striueling of the Keir, Knight, of the lands of Strowe, 4th May 1531. 

123. We Allexander be the permissioun of God Bischop of Murray, Commendatour of the 
Abbays of Scwne and Inchaifray, for vs and our Conuent of Scwne, be thir presentis 
renuncis and ourgiwis for euer, to Jhone Striueling of the Keir knycht, the landis of 
Strowe with thair pertinentis, liand within the Sbireffdom of Perthe, apprissit fra him 
to vs, for certane sovmez of niony quhilkis he wes oblist in the rollis of our Souerane 
Lordis chekeris, in the thre zeiris countis that he maid of the casualityis, of the office of 
Shireffschip of Perthe to haif inbrocht to vs and our said convent, of our teynd penneis 
of the saidis casualetyis, and granttis the saidis landis to be lawchfuly redemyt be him 
fra vs ; and attour dischargis him of all rwn maillis thairof, and expensis of apprysing 
of the samyn ; becaus the said Jhone hes payit and satisfyit vs of our saidis teynd 
pennyis contenit in his saidis countis. In witncs herof we haif subscriuit this present 
writt with our hand, at Edinburgh, the ferd day of Maij the zeer of God Jm Y* thretj 
and ane zeris, befoir thir witnes, Robert Striueling, Andro Striueling, William 
Huchoune, Schir Henry Fyngask, Maister William Merchell notarms publicus. 




Ita est Willjis Merschell Notarius publicus manu propria. 



Letters of Excommunication by the Official of Lothian against John Kynross of 

Kippenross, 1st May 1531. 

124. Officialis Sanctiandree infra Archidiaconatum Laudonie ; Curato de Edinburgh, seu 
cuicunque alteri capellano, Salutem : Quia alias Johannes Kynross de Kippenross 
legittime, ex sua propria confessione, sub pena excommunicationis, monitus, subniit- 
tendo se nostre jurisdictioni in hac causa, ad perimplendum et obseruandum quemdam 



1531.] CHARTERS, ETC. 337 

contraction alias initum et confection inter ipsum ab vna, et nobilem viruni, Johannem 
Striueling de Keir militem, partibus ab altera, sibi Johanni Striueling in omnibus suis 
punctis et articulis, minime perimplenit aut obseruauit, prout in dictam excommunica- 
tionis sententiam dampnabiliter incidebat, vnde ipsum, suis demeritis causantibus 
manifestis, excommunicamus in liiis scriptis : Vobis igitur et vestrum cuilibet, preci- 
pimus et mandamus quatenus, prefatum Joliannem Kinross, sic per vos excomniuni- 
catum fore in ecclesia vestra antedicta, et alibi vbi opus fuerit, coram populo infra 
missarum solempnia, omnibus diebus dominicis et festiuis, publice denuncietis, non 
cessantes donee aliud habueritis in mandatis : Et presentes debite executas, earundem 
latori reddatis : Datum sub sigillo officii nostri apud Edinburgh, die priino mensis Maii, 
anno Domini I™ V"; xxxi. 

Die Penthicostes, ego Robertus Cristesone, Curatus de Striueling, suprascriptum 
Joliannem Kynross, secundum tenorem presentium, denunciaui excommuni- 
catum, teste manu propria, infra ecclesiam parochialeni de Striueling. 
Die Penticostes, ego Thomas Millar capellanus, suprascriptum Joliannem, secun- 
dum tenorem presentium, personaliter apprehension intimationem feci, coram 
testibus, Thoma Kynross, Donaldo Gorte, et diuersis aliis; teste manu propria. 

Decree by the Official of Lothian in favour of John Striuiling of Keir, Knight, 

7th December 1531. 

125. Cristi Nomine Inuocato : Nos Thomas Mailuill Rector de Hutoun, Conimissaviusque 
venerabilis et egregii viri, Magistri Jacobi Symsone, Rectoris de Kirkforthir ac Officialis 
Sanctiandree infra Archdiaconatmn Laudonie ; Judex pro tribunali sedentes in qua- 
darn causa jurium coram dicto domino Officiali mota, et adhuc coram nobis pendente 
indecisa, inter honorabilem virion, Johannem Striuiling de Keir militem, actorem, ab 
vna, et Johannem Kynross de Kippaneross, reum, partibus ab altera : Cognoscentes 
iuxta ea que vidimus, audiuimus et cognouimus, jurisperitorum communieato consilio 
et secuto, quibus fidelem fieri fecimus relationem in eadem, solum Deum pre oculis 
habentes, eiusque nomine sanctissimo premitus inuocato, per hanc nostram sententiam 
interlocutoriam, vim habentem diffinitiue, quam ferimus in hiis scriptis : Pronunciamus, 
decernimus et declaramus dictmn Johannem Striuiling, sua jura coram nobis products 
bene et legittime probasse, et propterea eundem Johannem absoluendum fore, prout 
absoluimus a sententiis excommunicationis, aggrauationis et reaggrauationis, si quas 
incurrebat, ad instantiam prefati Johannis Kynross, ob non perimpletionem cuiusdam 
contractus inter ipsos confecti, et in libris nostre curie registrati, de data decinii quinti 



338 KEIR PAPERS. [1532. 

diei mensis Martii, anni Domini millesimi quingentesimi deciini octaui, quantum ad tem- 
pus preteritum ; non obstantibus juribus, replicationibus et triplicatiouibus coram nobis 
produetis pro parte dicti Johannis Kynross, et probationi admissis et minimc probatis : 
Ideirco dictum Johannem Kynross in expensis litis factis et fiendis, eadem nostra 
sententia condempnandum fore : Et hoc omnibus et singulis quorum interest notum 
facinius per presentes : Extractum de libro sententiarum Officialis Sanctiandree infra 
Archidiaconatum Laudonie ; lata et promulgata septimo die mensis Decenibris, anno 
Domini millesimo quingentesimo trigesimo primo : In cuius rei testimonium sigillum 
officii Officialatus presentibus est affixum, apud Edinburgh, anno, die, mense predictis. 

Deckee by the Official of Lothian against John Kynross of Kippenross, 

7th August 1532. 

126. Cristi Nomine Inuocato : Nos Jacobus Symsoun, Rector de Kirkforthir, ac Officialis 
Sanctiandree infra Archidiaconatum Laudonie : Judex pro tribunali sedentes, in qua- 
darn causa jvirium coram nobis mota et adhuc pendente indecisa, inter honorabilem 
virum, Johannem Kynross de Kippenross, actorem, ab vna, et etiam honorabilem 
virum, Johannem Striueling de Keir, militem, reum, partibus ab altera : Cognoscentes 
juxta ea que vidimus, audiuimus et cognouimus, jurisperitorum communicato consilio 
et secuto, quibus fidelem fieri feciinus relationem in eadem, solum Deum pre oculis 
habentes, eiusque nomine sanetissimo primitus inuocato, per hanc nostram sententiam 
interlocutoriam vim diffinitiue habentem, quam ferimus in hiis scriptis : Pronuncia- 
mus, decernimus et declaramus, ex deductis coram nobis prefatmn Johannem Kynross 
minime absoluendum fore, nee absolui debere pariter nee absoluimus, a sententiis ex- 
communicationis, aggrauationis et reaggrauationis quas alias incurrebat ad instantiam 
prefati Johannis Striueling, ob non perimpletionem cuiusdam contractus confecti de 
data xv diei mensis Martii, anni Domini l* 1 V? xviii : Propterea dictum Johannem 
Kynross in expensis litis factis et fiendis, eadem nostra sententia interlocutoria con- 
dempnandum : Et hoc omnibus et singulis quorum interest notum facimus per presentes : 
Lecta, lata et promulgata fuit hec nostra sententia, in ecclesia collegiata beati Egidii 
de Edinburgh, in insula Sancti Martini in eadem, loco consistoriali eiusdem solito et 
consueto, die septimo mensis Augusti, anno Domini l? 1 V? xxxii, in presentia prefati 
Johannis Striueling de Keir militis : Presentibus ibidem venerabilibus viris, magistris 
Jacobo Garmure, Jacobo Murray, Willelmo Wichtman, Willelmo Jhonstoun, Johanne 
Covt'tis, Johanne Jhonstoun, et domino Roberto Symsoun capellano, cum diuersis 
aliis : Extractum cle libro sententiarum domini Officialis Sanctiandree infra Archi- 



1532.] CHARTERS, ETC. 339 

diaconatum Laudonie : In cuius rei testimonium, sigillum officii Officialatus dicti domini 
Officialis presentibus est affixum, apud Edinburgh, die xi mensis Septembris, anno 
Domini 1™ V9 xxxii. 

Claim by John Striueling of the Keir against the Laird of Kippenross. Circa 1532. 

127. My Lordis Jugis Arbitratouris, I, Jhone Striueling of the Keir, desyris that zour 
Lordschipis decern the Lard of Kipenross till optempir and fulfill to me, for his part. 
the contract indentourly mayd betuix vs, of the dait at Edinburgh, the xv day of 
Marche, the zere of God I™ Vl and xviii zeris, conform to the Officialle of Lowthionis 
sentence difmitiwe givin for me contrar hym, with letteris of cursyng, agrauatioun, and 
reagrauatioun, resit on hym for non fulfilling of the samyn, as he that is akit tharto be 
his owin confessioun, alsweill in the bewkis of Counsalle, as in the said officiallis bewkis : 
togidder with my expensis of pley, domagis and costis be nic sustenit, throw his cuniing 
contrar the samyn contract, as I sail particularly gif to zour Lordschipis in bill. And 
quhair he will allege that he hes appelit contrar the saidis sentence, I am contentit that 
zour Lordschipis justifie and knaw vpon the said appelacioun, and to decern tharupon 
sen we hawe submitit all actionis to zow, and he for his part and I for myne, to gif 
in our resonis to zour Lordschipis thareupone. 

Item, I ask at the said Lard of Kipenross the sowm of vl li. becaus he oblist him and 
his ayrris, men, and seruandis, to my fader and his ayrris, with vther sindry diuers 
restrictionis, as is contenit in ane attentik Instroment takin thareupon, in the quhilkis 
he hes failzeit, and thairfor sould be decernit to pay the said sowm to me, as ayr to my 
said fader. 

Item, I ask the said Lard of Kipenross, the proffit of the landis of Lupnoch, be the 
space of thre zeris fra the dait of the recougnytiotm of the samyn, quhill the day that I 
recouerit the decreit of warrandys tharof, extending in meyll, grassum, fysche, irne, and 
vtheris proffittis zerly to lxxx li. 

Item, I ask at the said Lard the expensis I sustenit in defence of the decreit of 
recougnicioun, and in pursuyt of the said warrandys, extending to the sowm of 
1". xx li. 

Item, I ask for my expensis of pley that I sustenit throw the lost summondis he hes 
persewit contrar me for retretyng of the recougnitioun, and intending to hawe imprevit 
ane instroment contrar me, the sowm of 1° li. sin it is fundin be zour Lordschipis 
decreit, that I am assolzeit fra his petissioun. 



340 KE1R PAPERS. [1531. 

Resignation by Alan Hamiltoun of Bardowy, to James Harnniiltoun of Fynnart, 
Knight, his Superior, of the lands of Bardowy, 21st May 1531. 

128. Be it kend to all men be thir present letteris, Me Alane Hanimiltoun of Bardowy, to 
haue resignit and ouregevin, and be the tenour heirof purelie and symplie, be staff and 
bastoun, resignis and ouregevis ane acre of my land, liand at the est end of my Manis 
of Bardowy, with aduocatioim and donatioun and rieht of patronage of my kirk of 
Badeirnoek, with thair pertinentis, Hand within the shirefdome of Dunbertane, in the 
handis of ane rieht honorable man, James Hammiltoun of Fynnart knycht, my superiour 
of the samyn, to remane with him and his airis for euir as thair propirtie perpetualy in 
all tyme tocum, to be disponit be him and thame at thair jdesour ; and that for the 
somne of ane thowsand pundis vsuale money of Scotland payit and deliuerit be him to 
me thairfor at the making heirof, of the quhilk sounie I hald me wele content and 
payit, and quiteclames and dischargis him, his airis, executouris and assignayis thairof 
for euir be thir presentis. And I forsuth, my airis and assignayis, sail warant acquiete 
and defend to the said James his airis executonris and assignayis, the said acre of land, 
with aduocatioim and donatioun and rieht of patronage of the said Kirk of Badiernok, 
and thair pertinentis for euir, in all and be all thingis as is, aboue expremit, aganis all 
deidlie as law will, but fraud or gile. And I, my airis and assignayis sail neuir cum in- 
contrar heirof be oure self, nor nane vtheris in oure name, nor nane vtheris that we may 
lett, nor sail molest nor truble the said James, his airis nor assignayis, in the peceable 
brouking and joising of the said acre of land and rieht of patronage of the said kirk, 
and disponing thairon at thair plesour in all tyme cuming, vndir the pane of payment 
to thame of the said soume of ane thowsand pundis money foirsaid : And gif it happyn- 
nis, as God forbid, that I or thai in ony wyse cum incontrar heirof, I bynd and oblis 
me faithfullie, my airis executouris and assignayis, to refound content pay and thank - 
fullie deliuer to the said James, his airis executouris or assignayis, the said soume of 
ane thowsand pundis, as propir confessit dett, quhilk I grant me to haue ressauit fra the 
said James at the making heirof, for resignatioun and ourgeving to him of my said acre 
of land and rieht of patronage foirsaid, within forty dayis nixt eftir it be notourlie 
knawin and sufficientlie previt that I, my airis or assignayis, or ony vtheris in myne or 
thair names, cummis incontrar the premisis in ony wyse, or trublis the said James his 
airis or assignayis in peceable brouking and joising of the said acre of land and rycht 
of patronage of the said kirk : And to the obseruing and fulfilling heirof lelely and 
trewlie in maner foirsaid, I bynd and oblis me faithfully, my airis executouris and 
assignayis. to the said James his airis executouris and assignayis, in the maist strait 



1531.] CHARTERS, ETC. 341 

forme and sicker stile of obligatioun that can be deuisit, but fraud or gile, na renieid 
nor exceptioun of law, cannon, ciuile, municipale, actis of perliarnent, statutis, consti- 
tutionis, or vtheris quhatsmneuir to be proponit in the contrar, renunceand the samyn 
for me my airis executouris and assignayis for euir, be thir presentis. In witnes of the 
quhilk thing to thir rny letteris subscriuit with my hand, my sele is hungin, at Hamyl- 
toun, the xxi day of May, the zeir of God, ane thowsand fyve hundreth xxxi zeiris, 
before thir witnes, WilUame Stirling of Glorat, Patrik Maxwell of Newerk, Gawyne 
Hamyltoun of the Haggis, Johne Hamyltoun of the Newton, Sir Andro Walch notar 
public, with vtheris diuerss. 

Schir Andro Walcht Notar public subscriuit this for Alane Hamiltoun of Par- 
do we, at his command his hand twchand the pen. 

Andreas Walchtus Notarius, manu propria. Ita est A. W. 

Contract between Marion Maxwell, Lady of Bardowe, Alan Hamiltoune of Bardowe, 
her son, and John Logan of Balwee, 17th June 1531. 

129. At Dunbertane, the xvii day of June, in the zeir of God I™ V; and thretty ane zeiris. 
It is compremittit betuix honorabill personis, Marioun Maxwell, Lady of Bardowe, 
Alane Hamiltoune of Bardowe hir sonne, for thare kynn, freindis, seruandis and part- 
takaris on that ane part, and Johne Logane of Balwee, for his kynn, freindis, seruandis 
and parttakeris on the tuther part, has efter fallowis, that is to say ; that the said 
Marioun and Alane hir sone, for them, thare kyn, freindis, seruandis and parttakeris, 
and the said Johne Logane, for his kyn, frendis, seruandis and parttakeris, with ane 
consent and assent, has conynglie schothing honorabill men, Patrik Maxwell of Nework, 
and William Striueling of Glorat, Capytane of Dunbertane, has neutrall vnsuspek and 
equall personis, baith schothing in ane voce, has Jugis, arbitratoris, and amicabill 
compositoris, to dissyde, discerne, decreit and counsall, anentis all slauchtoris, hurttis, 
domagis, skaithis, breking of assuerence, spulzeis, reifis, debaitis, actionis of forfactoris, 
or ony vthir contrauersiones quhatsumeuer, depending or that may depend betuix the 
saidis parteis, quhilkis neutrall personis sail conwein into the paroche kirk of Dun- 
bertane the xxii day of June instant, be ix houris befor nowne, and than sail tak the 
dischesioun of the saidis actiones or ony vther contrauersiones on them in maner for- 
said, and to be sworne tharto, to dissyde, disserne and counsall amicabile, and the 
saidis parteis to conuein, day and place abone writing, to abyde and vnderly the sen- 
tence, ordynance, and counsallis of the saidis neutrall personis, and to be schorne to 
fulfill the samin, without appellation or reclamation quhatsunieuer : Quhilk sentence, 
ordynance, decreit and counsall to be geving furcht and pronuncit within xx dayis nix 

2 x 



342 KEIR PAPERS. [1531. 

efter the said day of conuentioun, with powar to the saidis neutrall personis to pro- 
rogat the samin to langer dayis has thai sal think neidfull, and in the mane thyme, the 
saidis parteis, ilk ane for them self, ther kyn, frendis, seruandis, and parttakeris, in the 
law and by the law, assuris vtheris to be one molestit ontrublit or wexit be vtheris, or 
ony that thai may latt, on to the day of the pronunciatioun of the decreit or ordinance 
and counsall to be geving has said is. And als the said Johne Logane oblisis hym to 
solist, lawbor and help at his hele powar, to persuad Collyne Campbell of Auchinhowie, 
his sownes and frendis, to appoint and concord with the said Alane anent the slawch- 
teris and displesoris amangis them : And attour, gif ony of the frendis of thir forsaidis 
lardis, principallie the Lard of Colgrane and his frendis on the tane part, and the lard 
of Cowdoun and his frendis on the tuther part, will nocht submet them to thir forsaidis 
jugis, thai sal bring with them to this saidis day sic jugis as thai will wis and abyde 
att for ather of them, quhilk jugis sal haif siclyk strencht and powar to dissyde in and 
vpone thir particular materis in all behawfis, lyk as the forsaidis Jugis haue vpon the 
forsaidis principall lardis : In witnes of the quhilk thing, all the saidis parteis has 
subscriuit with thair handis, day, zeir and place abone writing, befor thir witness : John 
Striueling of Cragbarnat, Maister James Striueling, persoun of Kilmodene, [?] Walter 
Striueling in Balagane, Walter Galbraicht of Kerscadden, Maister Johne Ker, Johne 
Busbae of Mukcrawft, Johne Lenox, Schir Thomas Jacson, and Thomas Bischop, notar. 

Alane Hammiltoun, of Bardowe, with my hand vpoun the pen. 

Jhone Logane of Ballwee. 

Andro Stirling in Bankeir, with my hand on the pen. 

Instrument of B.esignation by Margaret and Marjory Striuelings to John Striueling 
of Keir, Knight, of the lands of Welcoig, 2nd July 1531. 

130. In Dei nomine, Amen. Per hoc presens publicum Instrmnentum cunctis pateat eui- 
denter, quod anno Incarnacionis Dominice, millesimo quingentesimo trigesimo primo, 
mensis vero Julii die secundo, Indictione quarta, Pontificatus sanctissimi in Christo 
patris et domini nostri, domini Clementis diuina prouidentia pape septimi, anno octauo: 
In nostrorum notariorum publicorum et testium subscriptorum presentia personaliter 
constitute, prouide et honeste mulieres, Margareta Striueling et Mariota Striueling, 
sorores. filie et heredes quondam Roberti Striueling de Welcoyg, et vnaquaque earum 
particulariter per seipsas, non vi aut metu ducte, nee errore lapse, seu fraude aut dolo 
circumuente, sed suis propriis et spontaneis voluntatibus insorante, pure et simplici- 
ter resignarunt, renunciarunt, et pro perpetuo sursum reddiderunt et quelibet earum 
renunciauit, resignauit, et pro perpetuo sursum reddidit, in manibus honorabilis viri 



1532.] CHARTERS, ETC. 343 

Johanuis Striueling de Keir militis, baronis baronie omnium et singularum terrarum 
de Keir, totas et integras predictas terras suas de Welcoig, cum niansione earundem et 
vniuersis suis pertinentiis, ipsis resignantibus hereditarie pertinentes, jacentes in baronia 
de Keir infra vieecomitatum de Perth, tanquani in manibus dominorum suorum supe- 
riorum earundem, ad perpetuam remanentiam apud dictum Johannem, heredes et assig- 
natos suos, in proprietate hereditaria remansuras. Et hoc propter nonnulla proficua et 
gratitudines dictis sororibus per ipsum Johannem impensas, ac omni juri et iuris titulo 
proprietati et possessioni earundem terrarum de Welcoig cum pertinentiis renuncia- 
runt et pro perpetuo cesserunt : Et de non reuocando aut contraueniendo huiusmodi 
renunciationi et resignationi in futurum, in judicio seu extra, dicte Margareta et 
Mariota, tactis Dei ewangeliis jurarunt, et quelibet earum jurauit, ac exonerarunt et 
absoluerunt conscientias clicti Johannis et sui patris, penes hiuusmodi terras de Welcoig 
et mansionem earundem cum suis pertinenciis quibuscumque. Super quibus omnibus 
et singulis, prefatus Johannes Stryueling de Keir miles, a nobis notariis publicis sub- 
scriptis sibi fieri petiit publicum siue publica, instrumentum seu instrumenta, vnum seu 
plura. Acta erant hec in ecclesia perrochiali de Donyng, hora sexta post meridiem, aut 
eo circa, sub anno, mense, die, indictione et pontificatu, quibus supra. Presentibus 
ibidem, Johanne Chayn de Innerdonyn, Roberto Berclay de Strowy, Malicio Moresone, 
Willelmo Huchoun, Matheo Grahame, Andrea Annand, et Andrea Oliphant, testibus ad 
premissa vocatis atque rogatis. 

Et ego dominus Patricius Ross, presbyter Sancti Andree diocesis publicus sacra 

Apostolica auetoritate notarius, etc. — Patkictus Ross Notarius. 
Et ego Thomas Annand, Dunblanensis diocesis, clericus, sacra auetoritate apos- 
tolica notarius, etc. — Thomas Annand. 

Gift by Matthew Earl of Lennax, with consent of William Stirling of Glorat his 
curator, to Sir John Striueling of the Keir, of the nonentry of the lands of 
Auch